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The plant-lore & garden-craft of Shakespeare
by Henry Nicholson Ellacombe
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Catholicon. An Affodylle; Affodillus, harba est.

Turner. Affodill, Daffadyll.

Gerard. Daffodils.

Cotgrave. Asphodile; The Daffadill, Affodill, or Asphodell Flower.

DAISIES.

Promptorium. Daysy, floure; Consolida minor et major dicitur Confery.

Catholicon. A Daysy; Consolidum.

Turner. Dasie.

Gerard. Little Daisies.

Cotgrave. Marguerite; A Daisie.

DAMSONS.

Promptorium. Damasyn', frute; Prunum Damascenum, Coquinella.

Catholicon. A Damysyn tre; damiscenus, nixa pro arbore and fructu, conquinella.

Gerard. The Plum or Damson tree.

Cotgrave. Prune de Damas; A Damson or Damask Plumme.

DARNEL.

Promptorium. Dernel, a wede; Zizania.

Catholicon. Darnelle; Zizannia.

Turner. Darnel.

Gerard. Darnell.

Cotgrave. Yvraye; The vicious graine called Ray, or Darnell.

DATES.

Promptorium. Date, frute; Dactilus.

Catholicon. A Date; dactulus, dactilicus.

Turner. Date tre.

Gerard. The Date tree.

Cotgrave. Dacte; A Date.

DOCKS.

Promptorium. Dockeweede; Padella.

Catholicon. A Dokan; paradilla, emula, farella.

Turner. Docke.

Gerard. Docks.

Cotgrave. Parelle; The hearbe Dockes.

DOGBERRY.

Turner. Dog tree.

Gerard. The female Cornell or Dog-berry tree.

Cotgrave. Cornillier femelle; Hounds-tree, Dog-berrie tree, Prick-tymber tree; Gaten, or Gater, tree.



EBONY.

Promptorium. Eban' tre; Ebanus.

Cotgrave. Ebene; The blacke wood called Heben, or Eboine.

EGLANTINE.

Turner. Eglētyne or swete brere.

Gerard. The Eglantine or Sweet Brier.

Cotgrave. Rose sauvage; The Eglantine or Sweet brier Rose.

ELDER.

Promptorium. Eldyr or hyldr or hillerne tre; Sambucus.

Catholicon. A Bur tre; Sambucus.

Turner. Elder tree.

Gerard. The Elder tree.

Cotgrave. Sureau; An Elder Tree.

ELM.

Promptorium. Elm, tre; Ulmus.

Turner. Elme tree.

Gerard. The Elme tree.

Cotgrave. Orme; an Elme tree.

ERINGOES.

Turner. Sea holly, or Sea Hulver.

Gerard. Sea Holly.

Cotgrave. Chardon marin; The Sea Thistle, Sea Holly, Eringus.

FENNEL.

Promptorium. Fenkylle or fenelle; Feniculum vel feniculus.

Catholicon. Fennelle or fenkelle; feniculum, maratrum.

Turner. Fenel.

Gerard. Fennell.

Cotgrave. Fenouil; The hearbe Fennell.

FERN.

Promptorium. Brake, herbe or ferne; Filix.

Catholicon. Ferne; polipodium, &c.; ubi brakān (a Brakān; filix).

Turner. Ferne or brake.

Gerard. Ferne.

Cotgrave. Feuchiere; Fearne, brakes.

FIGS.

Promptorium. Fygge or fyge tre; Ficus.

Catholicon. A dry Fige; ficus -i, ficus -us, ficulus.

Turner. Fig tree.

Gerard. The Fig tree.

Cotgrave. Figue; A Fig.

FILBERTS.

Promptorium. Fylberde, notte; Fillum.

Catholicon. A Filbert; Fillium vel fillum.

Gerard. The Fillberd Nutt.

Cotgrave. Avelaine; A Filbeard.

FLAGS.

Gerard. Water Flags.

FLAX.

Promptorium. Flax; Linum.

Catholicon. Lyne; linum.

Turner. Flax.

Gerard. Garden Flaxe.

Cotgrave. Lin; Line, flax.

FLOWER-DE-LUCE.

Turner. Flour de luce.

Gerard. The Floure de-luce.

Cotgrave. Iris; The rainbow; also a Flower de luce.

FUMITER.

Promptorium. Fumeter, herbe; Fumus terrae.

Turner. Fumitarie.

Gerard. Fumitorie.

Cotgrave. Fume-terre; The hearbe Fumitorie.

FURZE.

Promptorium. Fyrrys, or qwyce tre, or gorstys tre; Ruscus.

Gerard. Furze, Gorsse, Whin, or prickley Broome.

Cotgrave. Genest espineux; Furres, whinnes, gorse, Thorn broome.

GARLICK.

Promptorium. Garlekke; Allium.

Catholicon. Garleke; Alleum.

Turner. Garlike.

Gerard. Garlicke.

Cotgrave. Ail; Garlicke, poore-man's Treacle.

GILLIFLOWERS.

Promptorium. Gyllofre, herbe; Gariophyllus.

Turner. Gelover, Gelefloure.

Gerard. Clove Gillofloures.

Cotgrave. Giroflee; A gilloflower, and most properly, the Clove Gilloflower.

GINGER.

Promptorium. Gyngere; Zinziber.

Catholicon. Ginger; zinziber, zinzebrum.

Gerard. Ginger.

Cotgrave. Gingembre; Ginger.

GOOSEBERRIES.

Turner. Goosebery bush.

Gerard. Goose-berrie or Fea-berry Bush.

Cotgrave. Groselles; Gooseberries.

GORSE.

Promptorium. See FURZE.

Gerard. See FURZE.

Cotgrave. See FURZE.

GOURD.

Promptorium. Goord; Cucumer, cucurbita, colloquintida.

Catholicon. A Gourde; Cucumer vel cucumis.

Turner. Gourde.

Gerard. Gourds.

Cotgrave. Courge; The fruit called a Gourd.

GRAPES.

Promptorium. Grape; Uva.

Catholicon. A Grape; Apiana, botrus, passus, uva.

Turner. Grapes.

Gerard. Grapes.

Cotgrave. Raisin; A Grape, also a Raisin.

GRASS.

Promptorium. Gresse, herbe; Herba, gramen.

Catholicon. A Gresse; gramen, herba, herbala.

Turner. Grasse.

Gerard. Grasse.

Cotgrave. Herbe; . . . also Grasse.

HAREBELL.

Gerard. Hare-bells.

HAWTHORN.

Promptorium. Hawe thorne; ramnus.

Catholicon. An Hawe tre; sinus, rampnus.

Turner. Hawthorne tree.

Gerard. The White Thorne or Hawthorne tree.

Cotgrave. Aubespin; The White-thorne or Hawthorne.

HAZEL.

Promptorium. Hesyl tre; Colurus, Colurnus.

Catholicon. An Heselle; corulus.

Turner. Hasyle tree.

Gerard. The Hasell tree.

Cotgrave. Noisiller; A Hasel, or small nut tree.

HEATH.

Promptorium. Hethe; Bruera, bruare.

Turner. Heth.

Gerard. Heath, Hather, or Linge.

Cotgrave. Bruyere; Heath, ling, hather.

HEBONA.

HEMLOCK.

Promptorium. Humlok, herbe; Sicuta, lingua canis.

Catholicon. An Hemlok; cicuta, harba benedicta, intubus.

Turner. Hemlocke.

Gerard. Homlocks or herb Bennet.

Cotgrave. Cigne; Hemlocke, Homlocke, hearbe Bennet, Kex.

HEMP.

Promptorium. Hempe; Canabum.

Catholicon. Hempe; Canabus, canabum.

Turner. Hemp.

Gerard. Hempe.

Cotgrave. Chanure; Hempe.

HOLLY.

Promptorium. Holme or holy; Ulmus, hussus.

Catholicon. An Holynge; hussus.

Gerard. The Holme, Holly, or Hulver tree.

Cotgrave. Houx; The Hollie, Holme, or Hulver tree.

HOLY THISTLE.

Turner. Cardo benedictus.

Gerard. The Blessed Thistle.

Cotgrave. Chardon benoict; Holy Thistle, blessed Thistle. Carduus benedictus.

HONEYSUCKLE.

Promptorium. Hony Socle; Abiago.

Turner. Honysuccles.

Gerard. Woodbinde or Honisuckles.

Cotgrave. Chevre-fueille; The Woodbind or Honie-suckle.

HYSSOP.

Promptorium. Isope, herbe; Isopus.

Catholicon. Isope; ysopus.

Turner. Hysope.

Gerard. Hyssope.

Cotgrave. Hyssope; Hisop.

INSANE ROOT.

Promptorium. Henbane, herbe; Jusquiamus, simphonica, insana.

Gerard. Insana (s.v. HENBANE).

IVY.

Promptorium. Ivy; Edera.

Catholicon. An Ivēn; edera.

Gerard. Ivy.

Cotgrave. Lierre; Ivie.

KECKSIES.

Promptorium. Kyx, or bunne, or drye weed; Calamus.

Gerard. Kexe.

Cotgrave. See HEMLOCK.

KNOT-GRASS.

Turner. Knot grasse.

Gerard. Knot-grasses.

Cotgrave. Centidoine; Centinodie, Knotgrassa, Waygrasse, &c.

LADY-SMOCKS.

Gerard. Lady-smockes.

Cotgrave. Passerage Sauvage; Cuckoe flowers, Ladies-smockes, the lesse Water Cresse.

LARK'S HEELS.

Gerard. Larks heele or Larks claw.

Cotgrave. Herbe moniale; Wilde Larkes-heele, purple Monkes-flower.

LAUREL.

Promptorium. Lauryol, herbe; Laureola.

Catholicon. Larielle; laurus.

Turner. Laurel tree.

Gerard. The Bay or Laurel tree.

Cotgrave. Laureole; Lowrie, Lauriell, Spurge Laurell, little Laurell.

LAVENDER.

Promptorium. Lavendere, herbe; Lavendula.

Turner. Lauender.

Gerard. Lavander Spike.

Cotgrave. Lavande; Lavender, Spike.

LEEK.

Promptorium. Leek or garleke; Alleum.

Catholicon. A Leke; porrum.

Turner. Leke.

Gerard. Leekes.

Cotgrave. Porreau; A Leeke.

LEMON.

Turner. Limones.

Gerard. The Limon tree.

Cotgrave. Limon; A Lemmon.

LETTUCE.

Promptorium. Letuce, herbe; Lactuca.

Catholicon. Letuse; lactuca.

Turner. Lettis.

Gerard. Lettuce.

Cotgrave. Laictue; Lettuce.

LILY.

Promptorium. Lyly, herbe; Lilium.

Catholicon. A Lylly; lilium, librellum.

Turner. Lily.

Gerard. White Lillies.

Cotgrave. Lis; A Lillie.

LIME.

Promptorium. Lynde tre; Filia.

Catholicon. A Linde tre; tilia.

Turner. Linden tre.

Gerard. The Line or Linden tree.

Cotgrave. Til; The Line, Linden, or Teylet tree.

LING.

Promptorium. Lynge of the hethe; Bruera vel brueria.

Turner. Ling.

Gerard. Heath, Hather, or Linge.

Cotgrave. Bruyere; Heath, ling, hather.

LOCUST.

Turner. Carobbeanes.

Gerard. The Carob tree or St. John's Bread.

LONG PURPLES.

Turner. Hand Satyrion.

LOVE-IN-IDLENESS.

Gerard. Live in idlenesse.

Cotgrave. Herbe clavelee; Paunsie. . . . Love or live in idleness.

MACE.

Promptorium. Macys, spyce; Macie in plur.

Catholicon. Mace; Macia.

Gerard. Mace.

Cotgrave. Macis; The spice called Mace.

MALLOWS.

Promptorium. Malwe, herbe, Malva.

Catholicon. A Malve; Altea, malva.

Turner. Mallowe.

Gerard. The wilde Mallowes.

Cotgrave. Maulve; The hearbe Mallow.

MANDRAKES.

Promptorium. Mandragge, herbe; Mandragora.

Turner. Mandrage.

Gerard. Mandrake.

Cotgrave. Mandragore; Mandrake, Mandrage, Mandragon.

MARIGOLD.

Promptorium. Golde, heabe; Solsequium, quia sequitur solem, &c.

Catholicon. Marigolde; Solsequium, sponsa solis, herba est.

Turner. Marygoulde.

Gerard. Marigolds.

Cotgrave. Soulsi; the Marigold, Ruds.

MARJORAM.

Promptorium. Mageraem, herbe; Majorona.

Catholicon. Marioron; herba Maiorana.

Turner. Margerum.

Gerard. Marjerome.

Cotgrave. Marjolaine; Marierome, sweet Marierome, fine Marierome, Marierome gentle.

MEDLAR.

Turner. Medler tre.

Gerard. The Medlar tree.

Cotgrave. Neffle; a Medler.

MINT.

Promptorium. Mynte, herbe; Minta.

Catholicon. Minte; Menta, herba est.

Turner. Mint.

Gerard. Mints.

Cotgrave. Mente; the hearbe Mint, or Mints.

MISTLETOE.

Turner. Misceldin, or Miscelto.

Gerard. Misseltoe or Misteltoe.

Cotgrave. Guy; Misseltoe, or Misseldine.

MOSS.

Promptorium. Mosse, growynge a-mongys stonys; Muscus.

Catholicon. Mosse; muscus, ivena.

Gerard. Ground Mosse.

Cotgrave. Mousse; Mosse.

MULBERRY.

Promptorium. Mulbery; Morum.

Catholicon. A Mulbery; Morum.

Turner. Mulbery tree.

Gerard. The Mulberrie tree.

Cotgrave. Meure; A Mulberrie.

MUSHROOM.

Promptorium. Muscherōn toodys hatte; Boletus, fungus.

Gerard. Mushrumes or Toadstooles.

Cotgrave. Champignon; A Mushrum, Toadstoole, Paddock-stoole.

MUSTARD.

Promptorium. Mustard or Warlok or senvyne, herbe; Sinapis.

Catholicon. Musterde; Sinapium.

Turner. Mustarde.

Gerard. Mustard.

Cotgrave. Moustarde; Mustard.

MYRTLE.

Turner. Myrtle or Myrt tree.

Gerard. The Myrtle tree.

Cotgrave. Myrte: The Mirtle tree or Shrub.

NETTLES.

Promptorium. Netyl, herbe; Urtica.

Catholicon. A Nettylle; Urtica.

Turner. Nettle.

Gerard. Stinging Nettle.

Cotgrave. Ortie; A Nettle, the Common Nettle.

NUT.

Promptorium. Note, frute; Nux.

Catholicon. A Nutte; nux, nucula, nucicula.

Gerard. Wilde hedge-Nut.

Cotgrave. Noisette; A small Nut, or Hasel Nut.

NUTMEG.

Promptorium. Notemygge; Nux muscata.

Catholicon. A Nut muge; nux muscata.

Gerard. The Nutmeg tree.

Cotgrave. Noix Muscade; A Nutmeg.

OAK.

Promptorium. Oke, tee; Quercus, ylex.

Catholicon. An Oke; quarcus, &c.; ubi An Ake.

Turner. Oke.

Gerard. The Oke.

Cotgrave. Chesne; An Oake.

OATS.

Promptorium. Ote or havur Corne; Avena.

Catholicon. Otys; ubi haver (Havyr; avena, avenula).

Turner. Otes.

Gerard. Otes.

Cotgrave. Avoyne; Oats.

OLIVE.

Promptorium. Olyve, tre; Oliva.

Catholicon. An Olyve tre; olea, oleaster, oliva; olivaris.

Turner. Olyve tree.

Gerard. The Olive tree.

Cotgrave. Olivier; An Olive tree.

ONIONS.

Promptorium. Onyone; Sepe.

Catholicon. Onyōn; bilbus, cepa, cepe.

Turner. Onyon.

Gerard. Onions.

Cotgrave. Oignon; An Onyon.

ORANGE.

Promptorium. Oronge, fruete; Pomum citrinum, citrum.

Turner. Orenge tree.

Gerard. The Orange tree.

Cotgrave. Orange; An Orange.

OSIER.

Promptorium. Osyere; Vimen.

Turner. Osyer tree.

Gerard. The Oziar or Water Willow.

Cotgrave. Osier; The Ozier, red Withie, water Willow tree.

OXLIP.

Gerard. Field Oxlips.

Cotgrave. Arthetiques; Cowslips or Oxlips.

PALM.

Promptorium. Palme; Palma.

Catholicon. A Palme tre; palma, palmula.

Gerard. The Date tree.

Cotgrave. Palmier; The Palme, or Date tree.

PANSIES.

Turner. Panses.

Gerard. Hearts-ease or Pansies.

Cotgrave. Pensee; The flower Paunsie.

PARSLEY.

Promptorium. Persley, herbe; Petrocillum.

Catholicon. Parcelle; Petrocillum, herba est.

Turner. Persely.

Gerard. Parsley.

Cotgrave. Persil; Parsely.

PEACH.

Promptorium. Peche, or peske, frute: Pesca, pomum Persicum.

Turner. Peche tree.

Gerard. The Peach tree.

Cotgrave. Pesche; A Peach.

PEAR.

Promptorium. Pere, tre; Pirus.

Catholicon. A Pere tre; Pirus.

Turner. Peare tree.

Gerard. The Peare tree.

Cotgrave. Poire; A Peare.

PEAS.

Promptorium. Pese, frute of corne; Pisa.

Catholicon. A Peise; Pisa.

Turner. A Pease.

Gerard. Peason.

Cotgrave. Pois; A Peas or Peason.

PEPPER.

Promptorium. Pepyr; Piper.

Catholicon. Pepyr; Piper.

Turner. Indishe Peper.

Gerard. The Pepper plant.

Cotgrave. Poyvre; Pepper.

PIGNUTS.

Turner. Ernutte.

Gerard. Earth-Nut, Earth Chestnut, or Kippernut.

Cotgrave. Faverottes; Earth-nuts, Kipper-nuts, Earth-Chestnuts.

PINE.

Promptorium. Pynot, tre; Pinus.

Catholicon. A Pyne tree; pinus.

Turner. Pyne tre.

Gerard. The Pine tree.

Cotgrave. Pin; A Pine tree.

PINKS.

Gerard. Pinks or wilde Gillofloures.

Cotgrave. Oeillet; A Gilliflower; also, a Pinke.

PIONY.

Promptorium. Pyany, herbe; Pionia.

Catholicon. A Pyon; pionia, herba est.

Turner. Pyony.

Gerard. Peionie.

Cotgrave. Pion; A certaine great, round, and Bulbus-rooted flower, of one whole colour.

PLANE.

Promptorium. Plane, tre; Platanus.

Catholicon. A Playne tre; platanus.

Turner. Playne tree.

Gerard. The Plane tree.

Cotgrave. Platane; The right Plane tree (a stranger in England).

PLANTAIN.

Promptorium. Planteyne, or plawnteyn, herbe; Plantago.

Turner. Plantaine.

Gerard. Land Plantaine.

Cotgrave. Plantain; Plantaine, Way-bred.

PLUMS.

Promptorium. Plowme; Prunum.

Catholicon. A Plowmbe; prunum.

Turner. Plum tree.

Gerard. The Plum tree.

Cotgrave. Prune; A Plumme.

POMEGRANATE.

Promptorium. Pomegarnet, frute; Pomum granatum, vel malum granatum.

Catholicon. A Pomgarnett; Malogranatum, Malumpunicum.

Turner. Pomgranat tree.

Gerard. The Pomegranat tree.

Cotgrave. Grenarde; a Pomegranet.

POPPY.

Promptorium. Popy, weed; Papaver, Codia.

Turner. Poppy.

Gerard. Poppy.

Cotgrave. Pavot; Poppie, Cheesbowls.

POTATO.

Gerard. Potatus, or Potato's.

PRIMROSE.

Promptorium. Prymerose; Primula, calendula, liqustrum.

Catholicon. A Prymerose; primarosa, primula veris.

Turner. Primrose.

Gerard. Primrose.

Cotgrave. Primevere; The Primrose.

PUMPION.

Gerard. Melons, or Pumpions.

Cotgrave. Pompon; A Pompion or Melon.

QUINCE.

Promptorium. Quence, frute; Coctonum, Scitonum.

Turner. Quince tree.

Gerard. The Quince tree.

Cotgrave. Coignier; A Quince tree.

RADISH.

Catholicon. Radcolle; Raphanus, herba est.

Turner. Radice or Radishe.

Gerard. Radish.

Cotgrave. Radis; A Raddish root.

RAISIN.

Promptorium. Reysone, or reysynge, frute; Uva passa, carica.

Catholicon. A Rasyn; passa, racemus.

Turner. Rasin.

Gerard. Raisins.

Cotgrave. Raisin; A Grape, also a Raisin.

REEDS.

Promptorium. Reed, of the fenne; Arundo, canna.

Catholicon. A Rede; Arundo, canna, canula.

Turner. Reed.

Gerard. Reeds.

Cotgrave. Roseau; A Reed, a Cane.

RHUBARB.

Gerard. Rubarb.

Cotgrave. Reubarbe; The root called Rewbarb, or Rewbarb of the Levant.

RICE.

Promptorium. Ryce, frute; Risia, vel risi.

Catholicon. Ryse; risi judeclinabile.

Turner. Ryse.

Gerard. Rice.

Cotgrave. Ris; The graine called Rice.

ROSE.

Promptorium. Rose, floure; Rosa.

Catholicon. A Rose; rosa-sula, rosella.

Turner. Rose.

Gerard. Roses.

Cotgrave. Rose; A Rose.

ROSEMARY.

Promptorium. Rose Mary, herbe; Ros marinus, rosa marina.

Catholicon. Rosemary; Dendrolibanum, herba est.

Turner. Rosemary.

Gerard. Rosemary.

Cotgrave. Rosmarin; Rosemarie.

RUE.

Promptorium. Ruwe, herbe; Ruta.

Catholicon. Rewe; ruta, herba est.

Turner. Rue.

Gerard. Rue or Herb Grace.

Cotgrave. Rue; Rue, Hearbe Grace.

RUSH.

Promptorium. Rysche, or rusche; Cirpus, juncus.

Catholicon. A Rysche; ubi a Sefe (a Seyfe, juncus, biblus, cirpus).

Gerard. Rushes.

Cotgrave. Jonc; A rush, or bulrush.

RYE.

Promptorium. Rye, corn; Siligo.

Catholicon. Ry; Sagalum.

Turner. Rye.

Gerard. Rie.

Cotgrave. Seigle; Rye.

SAFFRON.

Promptorium. Safrun; Crocum.

Catholicon. Saferon; Crocus, crocum.

Turner. Safforne, Saffron.

Gerard. Saffron.

Cotgrave. Saffron; Saffron.

SAMPHIRE.

Turner. Sampere.

Gerard. Sampier.

Cotgrave. Creste marine; Sampier, Sea Fennell, Crestmarine.

SAVORY.

Promptorium. Saverey, herbe; Satureia.

Catholicon. Saferay; Satureia, herba est.

Turner. Saueray or Sauery.

Gerard. Savorie.

SEDGE.

Promptorium. Segge, of fenne, or wyld gladon; Acorus.

Catholicon. A Segg; Carex.

Turner. Sege or Sheregres.

Cotgrave. Glayeul bastard; Sedge, wild flags, &c.

SENNA.

Turner. Sene.

Gerard. Sene.

Cotgrave. Senne; The purging plant Sene.

SPEARGRASS.

STOVER.

STRAWBERRY.

Promptorium. Strawbery; Fragum.

Catholicon. A Strabery; Fragum.

Turner. Strawbery.

Gerard. Straw-berries.

Cotgrave. Fraise; A strawberrie.

SYCAMORE.

Promptorium. Sycomoure, tree; Sicomorus, celsa.

Gerard. The Sycomore tree.

Cotgrave. Sycomore; The Sycomore.

THISTLES.

Promptorium. Thystylle; Cardo, Carduus.

Catholicon. A Thystelle; Cardo.

Turner. Thistle.

Gerard. Thistles.

Cotgrave. Chardon; A Thistle.

THORN.

Promptorium. Thorne; Spina, sentis, sentix.

Catholicon. A Thorne; Spina, spinula, sentis.

Turner. Whyte Thorne.

Gerard. White Thorne.

Cotgrave. Espine; A thorne.

THYME.

Promptorium. Tyme, herbe; Tima, timum.

Catholicon. Tyme; timum, epitimum.

Turner. Wild Thyme.

Gerard. Wilde Time.

Cotgrave. Thym; The hearbe Time.

TOADSTOOLS.

Catholicon. A Paddockstole; boletus, fungus, tuber, &c.

Gerard. Toadstooles.

Cotgrave. Champignon; A Mushrum, Toadstoole, Paddockstoole.

TURNIPS.

Turner. Rape or Turnepe.

Gerard. Turneps.

Cotgrave. Naveau blanc de Jardin; Th' ordinarie Rape, or Turneps.

VETCHES.

Promptorium. Fetche, corne, or tare; Vicia.

Turner. Fyche.

Gerard. The Vetch or Fetch.

Cotgrave. Vesce; The pulse called Fitch, or Vetch.

VINES.

Promptorium. Vyny or Vyne; Vitis.

Catholicon. A Vyne tree; argitis, propago, vitis.

Turner. Wild Vine.

Gerard. The manured Vine.

Cotgrave. Vigne; A Vine, the plant that beareth Grapes.

VIOLET.

Promptorium. Vyalett, or vyolet, herbe; Viola.

Catholicon. A Violett; Viola.

Turner. Violet.

Gerard. Violets.

Cotgrave. Violette; A Violet.

WALNUT.

Promptorium. Walnote; Avelana.

Catholicon. A Walnotte; Avellanus, Avellanum.

Turner. Walnut tree.

Gerard. The Wall-nut tree.

Cotgrave. Noix; A Wallnut.

WARDEN.

Promptorium. Wardone, peere; Volemum.

Catholicon. A Wardon; Volemum, crustunum.

Cotgrave. Poure de garde; A Warden, or Winter Peare.

WHEAT.

Promptorium. Whete, Corne; Triticum, frumentum.

Catholicon. Whete; Ceres, frumentum, triticum.

Turner. Wheate.

Gerard. Wheate.

Cotgrave. Froment; Wheat.

WILLOW.

Promptorium. Wylowe, tree; Salix.

Catholicon. A Wylght; Salix.

Turner. Wylow tree.

Gerard. The Willow tree.

Cotgrave. Saule; A Sallow, Willow, or Withie tree.

WOODBINE.

Promptorium. Woode Bynde; Caprifolium, vicicella.

Catholicon. Wodde bynde; terebinthus.

Turner. Wodbynde.

Gerard. Wood-bind or Honeysuckle.

Cotgrave. Chevre-fueille; The wood-bind or honie-suckle.

WORMWOOD.

Promptorium. Wyrmwode, herbe; Absinthum.

Catholicon. Wormede; absinthum.

Turner. Mugwort, Wormwod.

Gerard. Wormewood.

Cotgrave. Absynthe; Wormewood.

YEW.

Promptorium. V tree; Taxus.

Catholicon. An Eu tre; taxus.

Turner. Yewtree.

Gerard. The Yew tree.

Cotgrave. If; An Yew or Yew tree.

FOOTNOTES:

[393:1] Where any of these five are omitted, that author does not name the plant. In many cases the same plant is given under different names; but I have not thought it necessary to quote more than one. In the quotations from Turner the preference is given to the "Names of Herbes," where the plant is mentioned in both works.



INDEXES.



INDEX OF PLAYS,

SHOWING HOW THE PLANTS ARE DISTRIBUTED THROUGH THE DIFFERENT PLAYS

COMEDIES.

Tempest

Act I., sc. 1. Furze, Heath, Ling, Nut. sc. 2. Acorn, Ivy, Oak, Pine, Reed.

Act II., sc. 1. Apple, Corn, Docks, Grass, Wallows, Nettle. sc. 2. Crab, Filbert, Pignuts.

Act IV., sc. 1. Barley, Barnacles, Brier, Broom, Furze, Gorse, Grass, Lime, Oats, Peas, Piony, Rye, Saffron, Sedge, Stover, Thorns, Vetches, Wheat.

Act V., sc. 1. Cedar, Cowslips, Lime, Mushrooms, Oak, Pine, Reed.

Two Gentlemen of Verona

Act I., sc. 2. Ginger.

Act II., sc. 3. Lily. sc. 7. Sedge.

Act IV., sc. 4. Lily, rose.

Merry Wives

Act I., sc. 1. Cabbage, Prunes. sc. 2. Pippins. sc. 3. Figs.

Act II., sc. 3. Elder.

Act III., sc. 1. Roses. sc. 3. Hawthorn, Pumpion. sc. 4. Turnips. sc. 5. Pepper.

Act IV., sc. 1. Carrot. sc. 2. Walnut. sc. 4. Oak. sc. 5. Pear. sc. 6. Oak.

Act V., sc. 1. Oak. sc. 3. Oak. sc. 5. Balm, Bilberry, Eringoes, Flax, Oak, Plums, Potatoes.

Twelfth Night

Act I., sc. 1. Violets. sc. 3. Flax. sc. 5. Apple, Codling, Olive, Peascod, Squash, Willow.

Act II., sc. 3. Ginger. sc. 4. Roses. sc. 5. Box, Nettle, Yew.

Act III., sc. 1. Roses.

Act IV., sc. 2. Ebony, Pepper.

Act V., sc. 1. Apple.

Measure for Measure

Act I., sc. 3. Birch.

Act II., sc. 1. Prunes, Grapes. sc. 2. Myrtle, Oak, Violet. sc. 3. Ginger.

Act III., sc. 2. Garlick.

Act IV., sc. 1. Corn. sc. 3. Burs, Medlar, Peach.

Much Ado About Nothing

Dramatis Personae. Dogberry.

Act I., sc. 3. Rose.

Act II., sc. 1. Oak, Orange, Sedge, Willow.

Act III., sc. 1. Honeysuckle, Woodbine. sc. 4. Carduus Benedictus, Holy Thistle.

Midsummer Night's Dream

Act I., sc. 1. Grass, Hawthorn, Musk Roses, Primrose, Rose, Wheat. sc. 2. Orange.

Act II., sc. 1. Acorn, Beans, Brier, Corn, Cowslip, Crab, Eglantine, Love-in-idleness, Musk Rose, Oxlip, Thyme, Violet, Woodbine.

Act III., sc. 1. Acorn, Apricot, Brier, Dewberries, Figs, Grapes, Hawthorn, Hemp, Knot-grass, Lily, Mulberries, Orange, Rose, Thorns. sc. 2. Acorn, Brier, Burs, Cherry, Thorns.

Act IV., sc. 1. Elm, Honeysuckle, Ivy, Nuts, Oats, Peas, Thistle, Woodbine. sc. 2. Garlick, Onions.

Act V., sc. 1. Brier, Broom, Cowslip, Leek, Lily, Thorns.

Love's Labour's Lost

Act I., sc. 1. Corn, Ebony, Rose.

Act III., sc. 1. Plantain.

Act IV., sc. 2. Crab, Oak, Osier, Pomewater. sc. 3. Cedar, Cockle, Corn, Rose, Thorns.

Act V., sc. 1. Ginger. sc. 2. Columbine, Cloves, Crabs, Cuckoo-buds, Daisies, Grass, Lady-smocks, Lemon, Lily, Mint, Nutmeg, Oats, Peas, Rose, Sugar, Sycamore, Violets, Wormwood.

Merchant of Venice

Act I., sc. 1. Grass, Wheat. sc. 3. Apple.

Act III., sc. 1. Ginger, Sugar. sc. 4. Reed.

Act IV., sc. 1. Pine.

Act V., sc. 1. Willow.

As You Like It

Act I., sc. 2. Mustard. sc. 3. Briers, Burs.

Act II., sc. 1. Oak. sc. 4. Peascod. sc. 7. Holly.

Act III., sc. 2. Brambles, Cork, Hawthorn, Medlar, Nut, Rose, Rush. sc. 3. Sugar. sc. 4. Chestnut, Nut. sc. 5. Rush.

Act IV., sc. 3. Moss, Oak, Osier.

Act V., sc. 1. Grape. sc. 3. Rye.

All's Well that Ends Well

Act I., sc. 1. Date, Pear. sc. 3. Rose.

Act II., sc. 1. Grapes. sc. 2. Rush. sc. 3. Pomegranate. sc. 5. Nut.

Act IV., sc. 2. Roses. sc. 4. Briers. sc. 5. Grass, Marjoram, Herb of Grace, Saffron.

Act V., sc. 3. Onion.

Taming of the Shrew

Induction. Onions, Rose, Sedge.

Act I., sc. 1. Apple, Love-in-idleness. sc. 2. Chestnut.

Act II., sc. 1. Crab, Cypress, Hazel.

Act III., sc. 2. Oats.

Act IV., sc. 1. Rushes. sc. 3. Apple, Mustard, Walnut. sc. 4. Parsley.

Winter's Tale

Act I., sc. 2. Flax, Nettles, Squash, Thorns.

Act II., sc. 1. Pines. sc. 3. Oak.

Act III., sc. 3. Cork.

Act IV., sc. 4. Brier, Carnations, Crown Imperial, Daffodils, Flower-de-luce, Garlick, Gillyflowers, Lavender, Lilies, Marigold, Marjoram, Mint, Oxlips, Primroses, Rosemary, Rue, Savory, Thorns, Violets.

Comedy of Errors

Act II., sc. 2. Ivy, Brier, Moss, Elm, Vine, Grass.

Act IV., sc. 1. Balsamum, Cherry, Rush, Nut. sc. 4. Saffron.

HISTORIES.

King John

Act I., sc. 1. Rose.

Act II., sc. 1. Cherry, Fig, Plum.

Act III., sc. 1. Lily Rose.

Act IV., sc. 2. Lily, Violet. sc. 3. Rush, Thorns.

Richard II.

Act II., sc. 3. Sugar. sc. 4. Bay.

Act III., sc. 2. Balm, Nettles, Pine, Yew. sc. 3. Corn, Grass. sc. 4. Apricots.

Act IV., sc. 1. Balm, Thorns.

Act V., sc. 1. Rose. sc. 2. Violets.

1st Henry IV.

Act I., sc. 3. Reeds, Rose, Sedge, Thorn.

Act II., sc. 1. Beans, Fern, Ginger, Oats, Peas. sc. 3. Nettle. sc. 4. Blackberries, Camomile, Pomegranate, Radish, Raisins, Speargrass, Sugar.

Act III., sc. 1. Garlick, Ginger, Moss, Rushes. sc. 3. Apple-john, Prunes, Sugar.

2nd Henry IV.

Act I., sc. 2. Gooseberries, Mandrake.

Act II., sc. 1. Hemp, Honeysuckle. sc. 2. Peach. sc. 4. Apple-john, Aspen, Elm, Fennel, Mustard, Peascod, Prunes, Rose.

Act III., sc. 2. Radish.

Act IV., sc. 1. Corn. sc. 4. Aconitum, Olive. sc. 5. Balm, Ebony.

Act V., sc. 1. Wheat. sc. 2. Sugar. sc. 3. Carraways, Fig, Leathercoats, Pippins. sc. 5. Rushes.

Henry V.

Act I., sc. 1. Grass, Nettle, Strawberry.

Act III., Chorus. Hemp. sc. 3. Barley. sc. 6. Fig, Hemp. sc. 7. Nutmeg, Ginger.

Act IV., sc. 1. Balm, Elder, Fig, Leek, Violet. sc. 2. Grass. sc. 7. Leek.

Act V., sc. 1. Leek. sc. 2. Burnet, Burs, Clover, Cowslip, Darnel, Docks, Flower-de-luce, Fumitory, Hemlock, Kecksies, Thistles, Vines.

1st Henry VI.

Act I., sc. 1. Flower-de-luce.

Act II., sc. 4. Brier, Red and White Rose. sc. 5. Vine.

Act III., sc. 2. Corn. sc. 3. Sugar.

Act IV., sc. 1. Rose.

2nd Henry VI.

Act I., sc. 2. Corn.

Act II., sc. 1. Damsons, Plums. sc. 3. Fig, Pine.

Act III., sc. 1. Thorns. sc. 2. Corn, Crab, Cypress, Darnel, Grass, Mandrake, Primrose, Sugar.

Act IV., sc. 2. Grass. sc. 7. Hemp. sc. 10. Grass.

Act V., sc. 1. Cedar, Flower-de-luce. sc. 2. Flax.

3rd Henry VI.

Act II., sc. 1. Oak. sc. 5. Hawthorn.

Act III., sc. 1. Balm. sc. 2. Thorns.

Act IV., sc. 6. Laurel, Olive. sc. 8. Balm.

Act V., sc. 2. Cedar. sc. 4. Thorns. sc. 5. Thorns. sc. 7. Corn.

Richard III.

Act I., sc. 2. Balm. sc. 3. Cedar, Sugar.

Act III., sc. 1. Sugar. sc. 4. Strawberries.

Act IV., sc. 3. Rose.

Act V., sc. 2. Vine.

Henry VIII.

Act III., sc. 1. Lily.

Act IV., sc. 2. Bays, Palms.

Act V., sc. 1. Cherry, Corn. sc. 4. Apple, Crab, Broom. sc. 5. Corn, Lily, Vine.

TRAGEDIES.

Troilus and Cressida

Act I., sc. 1. Balm, Wheat. sc. 2. Date, Nettle. sc. 3. Laurel, Oak, Pine.

Act II., sc. 1. Nut, Toadstool.

Act III., sc. 2. Burs, Lily, Plantain (?).

Act V., sc. 2. Almond, Potato. sc. 4. Blackberry.

Timon of Athens

Act III., sc. 5. Balsam.

Act IV., sc. 3. Briers, Grape, Grass, Masts, Medlar, Moss, Oak, Rose, Sugar, Vines.

Act V., sc. 1. Palm. sc. 4. Balm, Olive.

Coriolanus

Act I., sc. 1. Corn, Oak, Rush. sc. 3. Oak. sc. 10. Cypress.

Act II., sc. 1. Crabs, Nettle, Oak, Orange. sc. 2. Oak. sc. 3. Corn.

Act III., sc. 1. Cockle, Corn. sc. 2. Mulberry. sc. 3. Briers.

Act IV., sc. 5. Ash. sc. 6. Garlick.

Act V., sc. 2. Oak. sc. 3. Cedar, Oak, Palm.

Macbeth

Act I., sc. 1. Chestnuts, Insane Root.

Act II., sc. 2. Balm. sc. 3. Primrose.

Act IV., sc. 1. Corn, Hemlock, Yew.

Act V., sc. 3. Lily, Rhubarb, Senna, or Cyme.

Julius Caesar

Act I., sc. 2. Palm. sc. 3. Oak.

Antony and Cleopatra

Act I., sc. 2. Fig, Onion. sc. 3. Laurel. sc. 4. Flag. sc. 5. Mandragora.

Act II., sc. 6. Wheat. sc. 7. Grapes, Reeds, Vine.

Act III., sc. 3. Rose. sc. 5. Rush. sc. 12. Myrtle.

Act IV., sc. 2. Grace (Rue). sc. 6. Olive. sc. 12. Pine.

Act V., sc. 2. Balm, Figs.

Cymbeline

Act I., sc. 5. Cowslip, Primrose, Violet.

Act II., sc. 1. Cowslip. sc. 2. Lily, Rushes. sc. 3. Marybuds. sc. 5. Acorn.

Act IV., sc. 2. Daisy, Eglantine, Elder, Harebell, Moss, Oak, Pine, Primrose, Reed, Vine.

Act V., sc. 4. Cedar. sc. 5. Cedar.

Titus Andronicus

Act I., sc. 1. Laurel.

Act II., sc. 3. Corn, Elder, Mistletoe, Moss, Nettles, Yew. sc. 4. Aspen, Briers, Lily.

Act IV., sc. 3. Cedar, Corn. sc. 4. Grass, Honeystalks.

Pericles

Act I., sc. 4. Corn.

Act III., sc. 3. Corn.

Act IV., sc. 1. Marigold, Rose, Violet. sc. 6. Bays, Rose, Rosemary, Thorn.

Act V., Chorus. Cherry, Rose.

Romeo and Juliet

Act I., sc. 1. Sycamore. sc. 2. Plantain. sc. 3. Wormwood. sc. 4. Hazel, Rush, Thorn.

Act II., sc. 1. Medlar, Poperin Pear. sc. 2. Rose. sc. 3. Willow. sc. 4. Bitter Sweet, Pink, Rosemary.

Act III., sc. 1. Nuts, Pepper. sc. 5. Pomegranate.

Act IV., sc. 1. Rose. sc. 3. Mandrake. sc. 4. Date, Quince.

Act V., sc. 1. Rose. sc. 3. Yew.

King Lear

Act I., sc. 1. Balm, Vine. sc. 4. Peascod. sc. 5. Crab.

Act II., sc. 2. Lily. sc. 3. Rosemary.

Act III., sc. 2. Oak. sc. 4. Hawthorn. sc. 6. Corn. sc. 7. Cork, Flax.

Act IV., sc. 4. Burdock, Corn, Cuckoo-flowers, Darnel, Fumiter, Harlocks, Hemlock, Nettles. sc. 6. Marjoram, Samphire.

Act V., sc. 3. Oats.

Hamlet

Act I., sc. 3. Primrose, Thorn, Violet. sc. 5. Hebenon or Hebona.

Act II., sc. 2. Nut, Plum.

Act III., sc. 1. Rose, Sugar. sc. 2. Grass, Rose, Wormwood.

Act IV., sc. 5. Columbine, Daisy, Fennel, Flax, Grass, Herb of Grace, Rose, Rosemary, Rue, Violet. sc. 7. Corn-flower, Daisy, Dead-men's-fingers, Long Purples, Nettles, Violet, Willow.

Act V., sc. 1. Violet. sc. 2. Palm, Wheat.

Othello

Act I., sc. 3. Coloquintida, Hyssop, Lettuce, Locusts, Nettle, Thyme, Sugar.

Act II., sc. 1. Fig, Oak, Grapes.

Act III., sc. 3. Mandragora, Oak, Poppy, Strawberries.

Act IV., sc. 2. Rose. sc. 3. Sycamore, Willow.

Act V., sc. 2. Rush, Willow.

Two Noble Kinsmen

Introductory Song. Daisies, Lark's-heels, Marigolds, Oxlips, Pinks, Primrose, Rose, Thyme.

Act I., sc. 1. Cherries, Currant, Wheat. sc. 2. Plantain.

Act II., sc. 2. Apricot, Narcissus, Rose, Vine. sc. 3. Corn. sc. 6. Cedar, Plane.

Act III., sc. 1. Hawthorn.

Act IV., sc. 1. Bulrush, Daffodils, Mulberries, Reeds, Rushes, Willow. sc. 2. Cherry, Damask Rose, Ivy, Oak.

Act V., sc. 1. Nettles, Roses. sc. 3. Flax.

Venus and Adonis

Balm, 27. Brambles, 629. Cedar, 856. Cherries, 1103. Ebony, 948. Lily, 228, 361, 1053. Mulberries, 1103. Myrtle, 865. Plum, 527. Primrose, 151. Rose, 3, 10, 574, 584, 935. Vine, 601. Violet, 125, 936.

Lucrece

Balm, 1466. Cedar, 664. Corn, 281. Daisy, 393. Grape, 215. Lily, 71, 386, 477. Marigold, 397. Oak, 950. Pine, 1167. Reed, 1437. Rose, 71, 257, 386, 477, 492. Rush, 316. Sugar, 893. Vine, 215. Wormwood, 893.

Sonnets

Apple, 93. Balm, 107. Lily, 94, 98, 99. Marigold, 25. Marjoram, 99. Olive, 107. Rose, 1, 35, 54, 67, 95, 98, 99, 109, 116, 130. Violet, 12, 99.

A Lover's Complaint

Aloes, 39.

The Passionate Pilgrim

Lily, 89. Myrtle, 143. Oak, 5. Osier, 5, 6. Plum, 135. Rose, 131.



GENERAL INDEX.

Acaena, 44.

Aconitum, 9.

Acorn, 11, 180.

Acorus calamus, 266.

Addison, 92.

AElfric's "Vocabulary," 126, 155, 158, 167, 199.

Almond, 11.

Aloes, 13.

Anemone, 14.

Apple, 17.

—— for fruit generally, 19, 208.

Apple-john, 22.

Apricot, 23.

Aquilegia, 60.

Artichoke, 88.

Arundo donax, 240.

Ash, 24.

Aspen, 25.

Avoyne, 326.

"Babee's Book," 33, 50, 104, 175, 198.

Bachelor's Buttons, 27.

Bacon on Gardens, &c., 39, 44, 98, 163, 295, 348.

Badham's Fungi, 170.

Baker on Narcissus, 76.

—— Iris, 99.

Balm, 28.

Balsam, 28.

Bannotte, 314.

Barley, 30.

Barnacles, 30.

Barnes' Glossary, 79.

Baskets, 323.

Bay, 31, 136.

Bean, 33.

Bedding-out, 346.

Bedegar, 84.

Beer, 30, 36.

Beisley's "Shakespeare's Garden," 5, 119.

Bilberry, 35.

Bion, 14.

Birch, 35.

Bird's-eye Primrose, 232.

Bird's-nest (Carrot), 51.

Birdwood, Sir G., 122.

Bitter-sweet, 21.

Blackberry, 37, 167.

Blackthorn, 218.

Blights, 355.

Bluebell, 109.

Boehmeria, 178.

Boorde, Andrew, 241, 304.

Box, 38.

Boy's Love, 326.

Bramble, 37.

Brasbridge, T., 125.

Bretby Park, 53.

Briers, 39.

Britten, J. C, 267.

Bromsgrove, 42.

Broom, 41.

Brown's "Religio Medici," 91.

Browne's "Britannia's Pastorals," 3, 24, 32, 87, 92, 111, 163, 171, 203, 227, 266, 270, 282, 290, 347, 369.

Buckingham Palace, 168.

Bullas, 218.

Bullein, 88, 103, 122, 127, 143, 161, 316.

Bulrush, 43.

Burdock, 43, 110.

Burnet, 44.

Burns, 371.

Burs, 43.

Butter, 90, 217.

Butomus umbellatus, 266.

Buttercups, 67, 70.

Buttons (buds), 27.

Cabbage, 45.

Cabbage Rose, 250.

Calcott, Lady, 220.

Calluna, 117.

Camerarius, 14, 208, 213, 311.

Camomile, 46.

Campbell on Nettles, 177.

Canker, 250.

Carat, 148.

Cardamine pratensis, 134.

Carduus benedictus, 124.

Carex, 276.

Carnations, 47.

Carob, 147.

Carraways, 22, 49.

Carrot, 50.

Cassia, 277.

Castle Coch, 304.

"Catholicon Anglicum," 10, 393 to 418, and quoted throughout.

Cedar, 51.

Chaucer's Flowers, 3, 13, 21, 37, 42, 60, 87, 98, 103, 108, 127, 131, 136, 139, 146, 160, 161, 179, 196, 204, 215, 223, 229, 260, 288, 365.

Cherry, 53.

Chester's "Love's Martyr," 160, 193, 244.

Chestnuts, 55.

Cistus, 16.

Clare, 149, 371.

Cleistogamous plants, 313.

Clove, 48, 56.

Clover, 56.

Clubs (of cards), 56.

Cockayne, "Leechdoms," &c., 10, 32, 66, 73, 90, 126, 185, 202, 215, 267, 325, 328.

Cockle, 57, 78.

Codlings, 22.

Coghan, 4, 177, 188, 286, 377.

Colchicum, 268.

Coles, 290, 377.

Collins, 42.

Collinson, 240.

Coloquintida, 58.

Columbyne, 59.

Columella, 154.

Constable, H., 74.

Cooke, M. C., 154.

Cork, 61.

Corn, 62.

Cornish Heath, 117.

Corydalis, 100.

Cotgrave's Dictionary, 393 to 418.

Cotton, 153.

Cottongrass, 147.

Cowley, 91, 171, 272.

Cowper, 142, 378.

Cowslip, 64.

Crab, 20.

Crabwake, 20.

Crape, 71.

Crocus, 269.

Crossberry, 105.

Crow-flowers, 67.

Crown of Thorns, 84, 113, 266.

Crown Imperial, 68.

Cuckoo-buds, 70.

Cucumbers, 233.

Culverkeys, 134.

Currants, 70.

Cutwode's "Caltha," 211, 368.

Cypress, 71.

Cypripedia, 151.

Daffodils, 73.

Daisy, 77, 361.

Damask Rose, 251.

Damson, 216.

Dante, 264.

Darnel, 78.

Darwin, 150, 231, 236, 301.

Dates, 79.

Daubeny, Dr., 154, 189, 262.

Dead Men's Fingers, 80, 149.

Dering, 49.

Deux ans Apple, 22.

Devil's lingels, 133.

Dewberries, 80.

Dian's bud, 80.

Dianthus, 48.

Dielytra, 100.

Dillenius, 101.

Divining rod, 116.

Docks, 81.

Doddington Park, 117.

Dogberry, 81.

Dog-rose, 14.

Douce, 93, 171.

Dove-plant, 60.

Dowden, 2.

Drayton, 45, 59, 65, 84, 98, 110, 134, 174, 223, 368.

Dryden, 370.

Dunbar, 249.

Durham Mustard, 173.

Ebony, 82, 119.

Eglantine, 82, 254.

Elder, 84.

Elm, 87.

Elizabethan Gardens, 342.

Elizabeth, Queen, 349.

Elwes, H. J., 145.

Eringoes, 88.

Etna, Chestnut on, 55.

Evelyn, 52, 116, 124, 315.

Evershed on bay, 33.

Fairy rings, 170.

Falaise, 48.

Farsing Herbs, 275.

Feaberry, 105.

Fennel, 88.

Fern, 90.

Ferule, 89.

Fig, 93.

Fig Mulberry, 288.

Fig Pudding, 239.

Filbert, 94.

Fir, 207.

Flags, 94.

Flax, 95, 97.

Fletcher, 99, 231.

"Flora Domestica," 12, 197, 266.

Flower-de-luce, 97.

Forget-me-not, 4.

Foxglove, 4.

Fremontia Californica, 153.

Frizen Hill, 106.

Fuller, Thos., 156.

Fumitory, 100.

Furze, 100.

Gale, 174.

Gardens, 340, 342.

Gardeners, 349.

Garlande, John de, 167.

Garlick, 102.

Gay, 162.

Gerard, 5, 393 to 418, and quoted throughout.

Gilliflower, 48.

Gilpin, 91.

Ginger, 103.

Gladstone, W. E., 16.

Glossaries, 10, 393.

Goethe, 195.

Goldes, 157.

Golding's Ovid, 15.

Gooseberries, 105.

Gorse, 106.

Gourd, 106, 232.

Gower, 21, 57, 74, 89, 114, 118, 143, 157, 223, 229, 259.

Grafting, 353.

Granada, Arms of, 220.

Grapes, 299.

Grass, 107.

Greene, 128.

Grindon, Leo H., 5, 17.

Gundulph, 49.

Gwillim, 297.

Hakluyt, 22, 23, 237, 269, 305.

Hanham Hall, 186.

Harebell, 109.

Harlocks, 110, 121.

Harrison, W. A., 119.

Harrison's "England," 340.

Harting, 30.

Haver, 184.

Hawes, 366.

Hawthorn, 110.

Hazel, 113.

Heath, 116.

Hebenon, 118.

Hedges, 113, 334.

Helmet-flower, 10.

Hemans, Mrs., 26, 66.

Hemlock, 121.

Hemp, 121.

Henbane, 119, 129.

Herbert, G., 68, 190, 255, 314, 357, 370.

Herb of Grace, 122, 259.

Herodotus, 102, 250.

Herrick's Flowers, 74, 83, 250, 258, 369.

Herschel, Sir J., 97.

Hibiscus, 153.

Highclere Park, 53.

Holderstock, 86.

Holly, 122, 130.

Hollyhock, 152.

Holy Thistle, 124.

Homer, 76, 188, 318.

Honeystalks, 56.

Honeysuckle, 125.

Hooker, Sir J., 192, 319.

Horace, 90, 94, 102, 130, 152, 204, 236, 243.

Horse Chestnut, 55.

Hyssop, 128.

Insane root, 129.

Ivy, 129, 327.

Jervis, S., Dictionary, 70.

Joan Silverpin, 222.

Johns on Trees, 289.

John's, St., Bread, 148.

Johnston, 121, 133, 205, 289, 330.

Jonquil, 73.

Jonson, Ben, 3, 4, 11, 15, 21, 66, 77, 95, 98, 121, 152.

Josephus, 154.

Judas, 85.

Juvenal, 13, 94, 138, 204.

Keats, 75, 132.

Kecksies, 132.

Kemble, F., 279.

Kew, 92, 194.

Kirby on Trees, 323.

Knot-grass, 133.

Knots, 345.

Lady-smocks, 134.

Lark's heels, 135.

Latimer, 57, 272.

Laurel, 135.

Laurembergius, 143, 258, 310.

Lavaillee, 24, 178.

Lavender, 137.

Lawson, 46, 105, 140, 178, 342, 343, 347.

Leathercoat, 22.

Lebanon, Cedar of, 52.

Leek, 138.

Lee's "Sea Fables," 30.

Lemon, 140.

Lettuce, 140.

Levens Hall, 237, 344.

"Libaeus Diaconus," 90.

Lily, 140.

—— of the Field, 145.

—— of the Valley, 4.

Lily's "Euphues," 46, 128.

Lime, 146.

Lind, 146.

Lindley, Dr., 53, 79, 109, 152, 204, 284.

Ling, 116, 147.

Linnaeus, 116, 147.

Locusts, 147.

Longfellow, 89, 214.

Long Purples, 148.

Loosestrife, 149.

Love-in-idleness, 309.

Lupton, 237.

Lyte, 23, 47, 79, 91, 129, 136, 148, 159, 167, 190, 241.

Mace, 151.

Mallows, 152.

Mandeville, Sir John, 20, 31, 72, 84, 85, 113, 255, 266.

Mandrake, 153, 226.

Manuring, 352.

Maple, 288.

Marathon, 89.

Margaret, St., 364.

Marigold, 155.

Marjoram, 159.

Marlowe, 118.

Marsh, J. F., 27, 89.

Marvel, A., 190.

Marybuds, 155.

Masters, Dr., 216.

Masts, 159.

Maw, G., 273.

Medlar, 160.

Melittis melissophyllum, 29.

Miller, 34, 191.

Milner's "Country Pleasures," 82.

Milton's Flowers, 65, 74, 83, 87, 109, 126, 133, 174, 197, 224, 230, 241, 261, 295, 347, 309, 369.

Mint, 161.

Mistletoe, 162.

Mohammed on Garlick, 102.

Monk's-hood, 10.

Montgomery, A., 143.

More, Sir T., 257.

Morat, 167.

Moss, 164.

Mulberries, 166.

Mushrooms, 169.

Musk Roses, 252.

Mustard, 172.

Myrtle, 174.

Names of Plants, 393.

Narcissus, 73, 175.

Nash, T., 195.

Neckam, A., 12, 79.

Neckweed, 122.

Nettles, 175.

—— of India, 178.

Newton, Thos., 78, 264, 321, 330.

Nicholson, Dr., 119.

Nightshades, 225.

Nut, 114.

Nutmeg, 179.

Oak, 180.

Oats, 183.

Oil from Walnuts, 316.

Olive, 184.

Onions, 187.

Opium, 223.

Orange, 188.

Orchids, 149.

Oreodaphne Californica, 32.

Osier, 192, 320.

Ovid, 15.

Oxlip, 66, 192.

Paigle, 66.

Palladius, 73, 140, 261, 303, 343.

Palm, 79, 192, 321, 329.

Pansies, 196, 309.

Parkinson—quoted throughout.

Parsley, 197.

Parsnip, 50.

Pasque flower, 17.

Patience (Docks), 81.

Pawnce, 196.

Peach, 161, 198.

Pear, 199.

Peas, 201.

Pensioners, 65.

Pepper, 203.

Pepys, 177.

Phillips, 34, 316.

Picotee, 48.

Pignuts, 205.

Pine, 205.

Pine Apples, 208.

Pink, 48, 209.

Piony, 211.

Pippins, 21.

Planche on fleur-de-lis, 97.

Plane, 213.

Plantagenet, 41.

Plantain, 214.

Platt, Sir H., 163, 281.

Pliny, 13, 16, 48, 72.

Plum, 216.

Plutarch, 12.

Poetry of Gardening, 339.

Poet's Narcissus, 77.

"Poets' Pleasaunce," 109, 311.

Polyanthus, 66.

Pomatum, 20.

Pomegranate, 219.

Pomewater, 21.

Popering Pear, 201.

Poppy, 222.

Potato, 224.

Primrose, 66, 226.

Prior, Dr., 16, 47, 60, 66, 70, 74, 81, 105, 110, 114, 133, 163, 197, 227.

"Promptorium Parvulorum," 10, 393 to 418, and quoted throughout.

Provencal Rose, 250.

Prudentius, 312.

Prunes, 216.

Pruning, 351.

Pumpion, 232.

Purple colour, 16.

Pythagoras, 154.

Quarles, 264.

Quince, 234.

Radish, 236.

Ragged Robin, 67.

Raisins, 238.

Raspberry, 283.

Redoute's "Liliacae," 99.

Reeds, 239.

"Remedie of Love," 13.

Rest-harrow, 133.

Rhubarb, 241.

Rice, 242.

Rochester Castle, 49.

"Romaunt of the Rose," 12, 27, 139, 179, 221, 238, 343.

Rose, 243.

—— of Sharon, 76.

Rosebery, Arms, 232.

Rosemary, 256.

Ross, Alex., 16.

Rousseau, 374.

Roxburghe Ballads, 41, 62.

Ruddes, 156.

Rue, 259.

Rush, 262.

Ruskin, 109, 165, 166, 186, 206, 223, 292.

Rye, 267.

Saffron, 268.

Sales, St. Francis de, 98, 158, 284, 311, 326.

Samphire, 274.

Savory, 275.

Saxo Grammaticus, 119.

Schmidt, 70, 210.

"Schola Salernae," 261.

"Schoole-House of Women," 26.

Scotch Fir, 207.

—— Thistle, 291.

Scott, Sir W., 207, 309.

Sea Holly, 88, 267.

Sedge, 276.

Senna, 277.

Shakespeare, Books on the flowers of, 5.

—— Books on his occupations, 1.

—— Seasons of, 381.

Shamrock, 56.

Shelley, 75.

Shenstone, 259.

Sibthorp, "Flora Graeca," 154.

Skelton, 60.

Sleepwort, 140.

Sloes, 218.

Smith, on Ferns, 92.

Snowdrops, 4.

Sops-in-wine, 48.

Speargrass, 277.

Spenser's Flowers, 3, 12, 15, 32, 38, 47, 58, 60, 81, 83, 86, 87, 98, 106, 112, 118, 128, 131, 136, 140, 143, 157, 167, 197, 223, 228, 230, 264, 270, 280, 282, 348, 366.

Spinsters, 96.

Squash, 202.

Stockholm MS., 100, 261, 325.

Stover, 279.

Strawberries, 279.

Sugar, 284.

Sweet Brier, 83, 254.

Sweet Marjoram, 159.

Sycamore, 287.

Tannahill, 67.

"Tatler," 92.

Tares, 299.

Tarragon, 326.

Tennyson, 149, 191, 194, 207, 373.

Thaun's "Bestiary," 154.

Theocritus, 14, 90, 94, 126, 130.

Thistle, 124, 289.

Thorns, 292.

Thyme, 294.

Thynne's "Emblems," 157.

Toadstools, 170.

Tobacco, 4.

Topiary art, 39, 344, 352.

Tortworth Park, 55.

Treacle, 103.

Turner's "Herbal," 4, 13, 23, 35, 105, 194, 195, 198, 202, 213.

Turnips, 297.

Tusser, 228, 232, 279, 281, 290, 325.

Tyndale, 41.

Vaughan, H., 33, 312.

Vegetable Marrow, 233.

Vetches, 298.

Vines, 87, 299.

Vineyards, English, 301.

Violets, 307.

Virgil, 10, 189.

Vocabularies, 10.

Wallace, 101.

Waller, 225.

Walnut, 314.

Walton, Izaak, 134, 137, 143, 280.

Warden Pears, 200.

Warwick Castle, 53.

Waterton, 37.

Watson, Forbes, 66, 77, 229, 273, 346.

Waybred, 214.

Weeds, 354.

Westminster Hall, 55.

Wheat, 317.

White Thorn, 112.

Wickliffe, 41.

Wilkinson, Lady, 60, 73, 97, 292.

Willow, 319.

Wilson, G. F., 145.

Windflower, 16.

Wines, English, 303.

Winter Aconite, 10.

Wistman's Wood, 183.

Withers, G., 158.

Withy, 320.

Wolf's-bane, 10.

Woodbine, 126.

Woodbury, 195.

Wordsworth, 75, 206, 372.

Wormwood, 81, 324.

Wright's "Vocabularies," 10.

—— "Domestic Manners," 96, 218.

Wyatt's Poems, 3.

Wych Elm, 88.

Yew, 119, 327.

Yggdrasil, 24.

York and Lancaster Rose, 253.

UNWIN BROTHERS, THE GRESHAM PRESS, CHILWORTH AND LONDON.



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TRANSCRIBER'S NOTES:

Ellipses in the text match the original. Ellipses in the poetry quotations are represented by a row of asterisks.

The following words use an oe ligature in the original:

Cloefre foetid Phoebe coelo foetidissima Phoebus coeloque foetu Phoenix coerule foetus proestaret coerulea noep proeter Foeniculum Pharmacopoeia soepius foenum pharmacopoeia

The index entry "Butter" may have been intended to read "Butler".

The following corrections have been made to the text:

Page 37: 1st Henry[original has Henrv] IV, act ii, sc. 4 (263).

Page 40: Winter's Tale, act[original has extraneous period] iv, sc. 4 (436).

Page 43: Troilus[original has Triolus] and Cressida

Page 60: garter coat of William Grey of Vitten"[quotation mark missing in original]

Page 76: "Rose of Sharon"[quotation mark missing in original] was the large

Page 86: to whom the Elder tree was considered sacred."[quotation mark missing in original]

Page 104: but[original has bnt] probably by the Romans

Page 105: 2nd Henry IV, act i,[original has period] sc. 2 (194).

Page 114: Troilus[original has Trolius] and Cressida, act ii, sc. 1 (109).

Page 163: Rots-curing hyphear, and the Mistletoe."[quotation mark missing in original]

Page 199: A.D. 1275, 4 Edw: 1—[original has extraneous quotation mark]

Page 205: quite equal to Chestnuts.[period missing in original]

Page 230: but in [original has extraneous word an] another place

Page 244: (22) Theseus.[original has Thesus]

Page 245: All's Well that Ends Well, act i[original has 1], sc. 3 (135).

Page 266: in connection with Rushes which is[original has it] not easy to understand

Page 282: ("Household Words," vol. xviii.).[closing parenthesis and period missing in original]

Page 282: as it proves so, praise it.[original has extraneous single quote]"

Page 286: (11) Polonius.[original has Polonis]

Page 292: its shadow be past away.[original has hyphen]

Page 292: the bee well knows that the darkness[original has period at the end of the line after "dark" and "ness" beginning the next line]

Page 294: (3)[number 3 and parentheses missing in original] And sweet Time true.

Page 295: "Peletyr, herbe, serpillum piretrum"[quotation mark missing in original]

Page 311: into 'low lie down,'[original has double quote]

Page 339: Sonnet[original has Ibid.] xviii.

Page 383: flower-[hyphen missing in original]de-luce

Page 414: (a Seyfe, juncus, biblus, cirpus)[closing parenthesis missing in original]

Page 424: Flower-de-luce[original has duce]

Page 431: Aconitum, 9.[original has 10]

Page 431: Bacon on Gardens, &c., 39[original has 38]

Page 431: Boehmeria[original has Boehmeria]

Page 431: Bretby Park, 53[original has 52]

Page 432: Cassia, 277[original has 177]

Page 432: Cedar, 51[original has 50]

Page 432: under "Chaucer's Flowers", 179[original has 171]

Page 432: Cockayne, "Leechdoms," &c., 10[original has 9]—reference to page 175 removed

Page 432: Cowley, 91, 171, 272[original has 271].

Page 432: Crow-flowers, 67.[original has 61]

Page 433: Dowden, 3[original has 2]

Page 433: Durham Mustard, 173[original has 175]

Page 433: Ebony, 82[original has 61]

Page 433: Farsing Herbs, 275[original has 216]

Page 433: Fig Mulberry, 288[original has 228]

Page 433: Flower-de-luce, 97[original has 94]

Page 433: Gerard, 5, 393[original has 394] to 418

Page 433: Glossaries, 10, 393[original has 394]

Page 434: Grindon, Leo H., 5[original has 6], 17

Page 434: Hemans, Mrs., 26[original has 24], 66.

Page 434: Hemlock, 121[original has 131]

Page 434: Herbert, G., 68, 190, 255[original has 225], 314, 357, 370.

Page 434: Horace, 90, 94, 102, 130, 152, 204, 236, 243[original has 242].

Page 435: More[original has Moore], Sir T., 257

Page 435: Neckam[original has Neekham], A., 12, 79.

Page 435: Onions, 187[original has 77, 186]

Page 435: Oxlip, 66, 192[original has 191]

Page 436: Planche[original has Planche] on fleur-de-lis, 97.

Page 436: Rice, 242[original has 243].

Page 436: "Romaunt of the Rose," 12, 27, 139, 179, 221, 238, 343[original has 243].

Page 436: Rose, 243[original has 242].

Page 436: Rousseau, 374[original has 373].

Page 436: Ruskin, 109, 165[original has 164], 166, 186, 206, 223, 292.

Page 437: Watson, Forbes, 66[original has 65], 77, 229, 273, 346.

Page 437: Wright's "Vocabularies," 10[original has 9].

Footnote [13:1] Numbers xxiv. 6;[original has colon]

Footnote [169:1] the punning motto "[original has single quote]Memento Mori."

THE END

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