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General Scott
by General Marcus J. Wright
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[Footnote E: Wilson's Sketches of Illustrious Soldiers: New York, 1874.]

General Grant, in mentioning General Scott's Mexican campaign, says: "Both the strategy and tactics displayed by General Scott in the various engagements of August 20, 1847, were faultless, as I look upon them now after the lapse of so many years." And further: "General Scott enjoys the rare distinction of having held high and successful command in two wars, which were a full generation apart. In 1847 he commanded, in Mexico, the sons of those officers who aided in his brilliantly successful campaign against the British on the borders of Canada in 1814." Daniel Webster, in a speech delivered in the United States Senate February 20, 1848, said: "I understand, sir, that, there is a report from General Scott, a man who has performed the most brilliant campaign on recent military record, a man who has warred against the enemy, warred against the climate, warred against a thousand unpropitious circumstances, and has carried the flag of his country to the capital of the enemy—honorably, proudly, humanely—to his own permanent honor and the great military credit of his country. And where is he? At Pueblo—at Pueblo, undergoing an inquiry before his inferiors in rank, and other persons without military rank, while the high powers he has exercised and executed with so much distinction are transferred to another—I do not say to one unworthy of them, but to one inferior in rank, station, and experience to himself." No more fitting close to this sketch of his life can be given than to quote the words of his friend, General Wilson: "He has bequeathed to his country a name pure and unspotted—a name than which the republic has few indeed that shine with a brighter luster, and a name that will go down to future generations with those of the greatest captains of the nineteenth century."



INDEX.

Abadie, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Aberdeen, Lord, British Minister, 151.

Abraham, negro, Indian interpreter, 74.

Adams, George, Lieutenant, 253.

Adams, John Quincy, ex-President, 153.

Adams, the British vessel, captured, 13.

Allen, Captain, 17.

Alvarez, Mexican General, 219, 221, 231.

Amatha, Charley, 79.

American forces surrender to General Sheaffe, 18.

Ampudia, Pedro de, Mexican General, surrenders, 155, 156.

Anaya, Don Pedro Maria, General, elected President of Mexico, 257.

Andrews, Timothy P., Colonel, 226.

Anderson, Robert, General, 135, 322, 326.

Anecdote of Colonel Scott and a Roman Catholic priest, 19.

Armistice violated; General Scott's letter to President of Mexican Republic, 218.

Arnold, Ripley A., Lieutenant, attacked by Indians, 115.

Arista, Mariano, Mexican General, 155.

Arthur, President, 326.

Assiola, Indian Chief, 88.

Atkinson, T.P., letter from General Scott to, 153.

Atristain, Senor, 216, 257.

Azapotzalco, the place of meeting of the commissioners, 216.

Baker, D.D., Lieutenant, 253.

Baker, Edward D., Colonel, killed at Ball's Bluff, 317.

Bankhead, James, Colonel, 112.

Barcelona, the steamer, 146.

Barker, Captain, 16.

Barr, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Barragan, Pena y, 221.

Barren, Major, 109.

Basinger, William E., Lieutenant, 88.

Battle on the Ouithlacoochee, 90-92.

Beall, Benjamin Lloyd, Major, 172.

Beard, Joseph, Major, 95.

Beauregard, P.T., Lieutenant, 203.

Beckwith, J.C., letter to, from General Scott, 154.

Belknap, William G., 281.

Benton, Thomas H., 159.

Biddle, Richard, speech in Congress, 124-127.

Binney, Horace, letter to General Scott, 304.

Black Hawk War, the, 52, 55.

Blockade of Southern ports, 296, 297.

Board of Army Officers, 47.

Boerstler, Charles G., Colonel, 27.

Bolton, Commodore, 97.

Bones, George, Captain, 110.

Botts, Benjamin, 5.

Boyd, John Parker, General, attack on Fort Niagara, 24.

Brady, Hugh, Major, 33; sketch of, 39.

Brady, Thomas A., First-Lieutenant, 253.

Brant, Indian, attacks Colonel Scott, 18, 19.

Bravo, D. Nicholas, Mexican General, 225, 227.

Brazos Santiago, 159.

Brisbane, Abbott H, Colonel, 112.

Brooks, Horace, Captain, 225.

Brown, Jacob, General, 27, 38-40.

Bryant, Thomas S., Captain, 96.

Buchanan, James, President, 296, 326.

Bull Run, 308.

Burlington Heights, 28.

Burnett, Ward B., Colonel, 209.

Burnham, Major, 185.

Burr, Aaron, 5-8.

Burt, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Butler, Pierce M., Colonel, 112, 115, 209.

Butler, William O., General, 244, 245, 256, 264.

Cadwallader, George, General, 193, 206, 209, 210, 221, 226, 249.

Caldwell, James N., Captain, 215.

Caldwell, Robert C., First-Lieutenant, 253.

Caledonia, British brig, 13.

Calhoun, John C., 151.

Call, Richard Keith, General, 89.

Cameron, Simon, 309, 314, 315, 330.

Canada political agitation, 272.

Cano, D. Juan, Mexican General, 225.

Caroline, the steamboat, 145.

Casey, Silas, Captain, 207, 226.

Cass, Lewis, 59, 66, 67, 76, 77.

Cerro Gortlo, the battle of, 176, 190.

Chandler, John, Colonel, attack on Fort George, 24.

Chapultepec, battle of, 223, 228.

Charleston, S.C., furnishes troops and supplies, 94.

Chase, Secretary, 330.

Chauncey, Isaac, Commodore, 24, 28.

Cherokee Indians, removal of, from Georgia, 129.

Chesapeake, the, boarded by the Leopard, 6.

Chesnut, Colonel, 95.

Childs, Thomas, Lieutenant-Colonel, 176, 194, 236.

Chippewa, battle of, 32.

Cholera among troops at Chicago, 56, 57.

Chrysler's Farm, engagement at, 29.

Chrystie, John, Colonel, 14, 17.

Cincinnati, Society of the, 42.

City of Mexico, 195, 228.

Civil war, beginning of, 295, 296.

Clarke, Henry Francis, Colonel, 212, 249.

Clay, Cassius M., 306.

Clay, Henry, 145, 151.

Clinch, Duncan L., General, 82, 88, 93.

Clinton, Governor, 42.

Clifton, Captain, 112.

Coffin, Captain, 19.

Congress declares war against Great Britain, 13.

Congress votes a medal to General Scott, 42.

Conner, Commodore, 165.

Conto, Senor, 216, 257.

Cooper, Mark A., Major, 112, 119.

Coto, Senor, 216.

Crane, Ichabod B., Colonel, 136.

Crawford, William H., 40.

Cuevas, Senor, 257.

Cummings, Arthur C., Captain, 215.

Cunningham, Captain, 94.

Cushing, Caleb, General, 281.

Dade, Francis Langhorne, Major, killed, 88.

Dallas, Commodore, 97.

Davis, Edward, General, 312.

Davis, Jefferson, 291.

Dearborn, Henry, General, 14, 23, 24.

Dennis, Colonel, 29.

Devlin, John S., acting quartermaster, 253.

Dominguez commands Mexicans in American army, 237.

Douglas, Stephen A., 303.

Douglass, John M., Major, 112.

Drum, Simon H., Captain, 220, 225.

Drummond, Lieutenant-General Sir Gordon, 34.

Duane, James Chatham, General, 305.

Duel between Burr and Hamilton, 5.

Dulaney, William, Major, 253.

Duncan, James, Lieutenant-Colonel, 108, 221, 271, 277, 283, 286.

Duval, William P., Governor, 82.

Eaton, J.H., Secretary of War, 49, 50, 76, 82.

Edson, Alvin, Captain, 165.

Elliott, Lieutenant, plans destruction of British brigs, 13.

Eustis, Abram, Brigadier-General, 111, 113, 114.

Expedition of Aaron Burr, 5, 6.

Fagan, John, Major, 75.

Fanning, Alexander C.W., Major, 88.

Farquhar, William, Captain, 302.

Farragut, Admiral D.G., 329.

Fenwick, John R., Colonel, 16.

Field, Thomas Y., Lieutenant, 253.

Fillmore, Millard, President, 293.

Finances of Mexico, 239.

Finlay, Captain, 94.

Florida War, 72, 87, 97-99, 112.

Florida, army of, 115.

Floyd, John B., 136, 298.

Floyd, Robertson R., Captain, 96.

Fort Brooke, the army concentrate there, 118.

Fort Brown occupied by General Taylor, 154.

Fort Erie surrenders, 30; invested, 37.

Fort George, attack on, 16, 17; storming of, 24.

Fort Niagara, defeat of the British at, 26.

Foster, William Sewell, Lieutenant-Colonel, 102.

Frazer, William, Captain, 88.

Freeman, Norvell, Lieutenant, 253.

Fremont, John C., General, 308.

Frontera, Mexican General, 207, 208.

Gadsden, James, Colonel, 75.

Gaines, Edmund, General, 48, 103.

Gaines, J.P., Major, 250.

Gamboa, D. Manuel, Mexican General, 225.

Gardiner, George, 88.

Gardner, Charles K., Lieutenant, 11.

Gardner, Franklin, 175.

Garland, John, General, 220, 221.

Gatlin, John Slade, Dr., 88.

Georgia troops, 95, 96, 110.

Gibson, Captain, 18.

Giles, William B., 5-7.

Goodwyn, Robert H., Colonel, 112-116.

Graham, Captain, 110.

Graham, William A., Secretary of the Navy, 293.

Grant, Ulysses S., General, 322, 329, 334.

Great Britain, war declared against, 11.

Greenway, James, Dr., 3.

Griffin, Charles, Captain, 302.

Guadalupe Hidalgo, text of treaty of, 257, 264.

Hagner, Peter V., Captain, 225.

Halleck, Henry W., General, 308.

Hamilton, Alexander, 5.

Hamilton, John C., 292.

Hamilton, Schuyler, Lieutenant, 250.

Hampton, Wade, General, 7, 9-12, 28.

Hardy, Sir Thomas, 6.

Hargrave, James, 4.

Harney, John, Governor, 142-144.

Harney, William S., Colonel, 186, 224.

Harris, Captain, 33.

Harris, Joseph W., Lieutenant, 83.

Harrison, William Henry, General, 152.

Haskell, William T., Colonel, 166.

Hayes, Rutherford B., President, 326, 329.

Heileman, Julius Frederick, Major, 65, 66.

Henderson, Charles A., Lieutenant, 253.

Henderson, Richard, Lieutenant, 88.

Henry, Alexander, letter to General Scott, 304.

Henry, George, Captain, 115.

Hernandez, John M., General, 96.

Herrera, General, 216.

Hetzel, Abner R., Captain, 135.

Hindman, Jacob, Major, 30, 39.

Hitchcock, Ethan A., Captain, 100, 164, 284.

Holata, Amathla, 75, 77, 78, 79.

Huger, Benjamin, Captain, 220, 224.

Hull, William, General, 13.

Hunt, Henry J., Lieutenant, 221.

Ingersoll, Charles J., 153.

Irish prisoners, 20.

Irving, Washington, 5.

Izard, George, Colonel, 13.

Izard, James Farley, Lieutenant, 101, 102.

Jackson, Andrew, General, 5, 40, 42, 46, 63, 151.

Jackson, Thomas J., Lieutenant, 226.

Jacobs, Captain (Indian), attacks General Scott, 18, 19.

Jefferson, Thomas, President, 7.

Jesup, Thomas S., General, 31, 33, 39, 122, 123.

Johnston, Joseph E., Colonel, 226.

Juarata, Padre, leader of guerrillas, 237.

Judd, Henry, Jr., Lieutenant, 172.

Kearney, Philip, Captain, 211.

Keayes, J.S., Lieutenant, 88.

Ke-o-Kuck, Indian chief, 58.

Ker, Croghan, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 107.

Ker, William H., Captain, 101.

Keyes, Erastus D., Lieutenant, 135.

King, William R., 293.

Kirby, Reynold M., Major, 94, 115.

Lally, Folliot T., Major, 215, 216.

Landero, Jose Juan de, Mexican General, 169, 170.

Lane, Joseph, General, 237, 256.

Lang, William, Captain, 253.

Lawson, Thomas, Lieutenant-Colonel, 101.

Leavenworth, Henry, Major, 31, 33

Lee, Robert E., Captain, 101, 164, 175, 203, 208, 223, 225, 284, 305.

Leigh, Benjamin Watkins, 10, 70.

Lendrum, Thomas W., 88.

Leon, Mexican General, 219.

"Leonidas letter," the, 267, 287.

Leopard, British frigate, 6.

Lewis, Morgan, General, 26.

Lincoln, Abraham, President, 296, 301, 312, 313, 315, 316, 326.

Lindsay, William, Colonel, 111, 135.

Lobas Island, 161.

Loring, William W., Major, 206, 212.

Louisiana troops, 119.

Lovell, Christopher H., Lieutenant, 280.

Lundy's Lane, battle of, 34-36.

McCauley, Charles G., Lieutenant, 253.

McClellan, George B., General, 178, 206, 308.

McClure, Brigadier-General, New York militia, 28.

McComb, Alexander, Colonel, 24, 29, 50, 153.

McDonald, Adjutant, 146.

McDowell, Irwin, General, 307.

McDuffie, George, 61-63.

McFeely, George, Lieutenant-Colonel, 24.

McIntosh, James S., Colonel, 193, 220.

McKenzie, Colonel, 226.

McLemore, Captain, 110, 112.

McNeill, John, Jr., General, 31, 33, 39.

McRee, William, Colonel, 39.

McTavish, Carroll, 41.

Mackall, William W., Major, 227.

Madison, James, President, 22.

Magee, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Magruder, John B., Lieutenant, 206, 226, 302.

Malone, Captain, 119.

Mansfield, Mr., British Minister, 11.

Marcy, William L., 146, 158, 159, 269.

Marks, George H., Captain, 113.

Marks, Samuel F., Captain, 101.

Marshall, General, 245-248.

Marshall, John, Chief-Justice, 136.

Martin Luther, 5.

Mason, Captain, 286.

Mason, Daniel, 3.

Mason, James M., 321.

Mason, Winfield, 3.

Massacre of General Thompson and others, 89.

May, James F., 5.

Mayo, John, Colonel, 41.

Mendoza, Mexican General, 205, 207.

Mico, Indian chief, 78.

Miconopy, Indian chief, 78.

Miller, James, Colonel, 25.

Mississippi River, free navigation of, 310.

Molino del Rey, battle of, 219-222.

Monroe, James, President, 22.

Monterde, D. Mariano, Mexican General, 225.

Morales, Mexican General, 168, 169.

Morgan, George W., Colonel, 208.

Mormon expedition, 294.

Morris, Charles T., Captain, 207.

Mount Vernon, 316, 317.

Mudge, Robert Richard, Lieutenant, 88.

Mullaney, James Robert, Lieutenant-Colonel, 16.

Nashville, Confederate steamer, 320.

Negroes engaged in Dade massacre, 111.

Nicholson, Augustus S., Lieutenant, 253.

Nicholson, John S., Lieutenant, 253.

Nueva de Villa Gutierrez, Colonel, 170.

Nullification in South Carolina, 61-64.

Ogilvie, James, Captain, 4-17.

O'Riley, commander of deserters, captured, 237, 238.

Pachuca occupied, 248.

Packenham, Sir Richard, 151.

Paez, General, 48.

Page, Captain, 135.

Palo Alto, battle of, 155.

Parish, Richard C., Colonel, 90.

Patterson, Robert, General, 245.

Payne, Matthew M., Major, 135.

Payne's Landing, treaty of, 74.

Pena y Pena, 236, 257.

Perez, Mexican General, 208-219.

Perry, Matthew C., Commodore, 169.

Perry, Oliver Hazard, Captain, 14, 24.

Pierce, Franklin, General, 207, 214, 292, 293.

Pike, Zebulon, General, 24.

Pillow, Gideon J., General, 170, 176, 193, 211, 224, 226, 276, 281.

Plympton, Joseph, Lieutenant-Colonel, 208, 220.

Porter, Captain, 25.

Porter, Moses, General, 24, 30.

Porter, W., Secretary to General Gaines, 108.

Prevost, Sir George, 26, 27.

Puebla, occupation of, 197.

Putnam, Benjamin A., Major, 93.

Putnam, General, 5.

Queenstown Heights, storming of, 15.

Quijano, Benito, Mexican commissioner, 214.

Quitman, John A., General, 172, 204, 206, 224, 226, 228, 280.

Randolph, John, 5.

Rangel, Mexican General, 219.

Rea, Mexican General, 236.

Read, Leigh, Colonel, 90, 113.

Resaca de la Palma, battle of, 155.

Ravenel, Captain, 94.

Reynolds, E. McD., Lieutenant, 253.

Reynolds, John G., Captain, 253.

Riall, General, moves to Burlington Heights, 33.

Rich, Jabez L., Lieutenant, 253.

Ridgely, S.C., Captain, 281.

Riley, Bennet, General, 206, 208, 209.

Ripley, Eleazer W., 39.

Ripley, R.S., Lieutenant, 185.

Roach, Isaac, Jr., Lieutenant, 13, 16.

Robertson, Judge, 302, 303.

Robinson, David, Judge, 4.

Robinson, Edward B., Captain, 110.

Robles, Mexican Lieutenant-Colonel, 170.

Rogers, A.P., Lieutenant, 166.

Rogers, Captain Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Rosecrans, William S., General, 308, 329.

Ruffin, Thomas, 5.

Sacs and Fox Indians, treaty with, 58.

Sackett's Harbor, landing of the British, 27.

Sanders, William G., Captain, 107.

Sands, Richard M., Major, 101.

San Jacinto, steamer, 321.

San Pablo, convent of, 212.

San Patricio Battalion, 237.

Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez, General, 156, 173, 175, 190, 206, 209, 225, 230, 231, 236, 256, 257.

Scott, Ann, 3.

Scott, Camilla, 41.

Scott, Cornelia, 41.

Scott, Henry L., Colonel, 135, 164, 178, 284.

Scott, James, death of, 1, 2.

Scott, Winfield, birth and parentage, 1; runs away from Sunday school, 2; defends his teacher; at William and Mary College, 4; enters on the practice of law; present at the trial of Aaron Burr, 5; attacks British camp at Lynn Haven Bay; goes to South Carolina to practice law; returns to Petersburg, Va., to practice law; joins Petersburg cavalry company, 6; receives commission as Captain in the U.S. army; recruits his company and embarks for New Orleans, 7; arrested and tried by court-martial for words spoken of General Wilkinson, 8; tenders his resignation, 8; finding of the court, 9; letter to Lewis Edwards, 10; rejoins the army at Baton Rouge, La.; embarks for Washington; vessel gets aground, 11; appointed Colonel; visits the Secretary of War with General Hampton; an unpleasant incident, 12; war with Great Britain; ordered to the Niagara frontier, 13; volunteers to cross the Niagara; marches to Lewiston, 16; the attack on Fort George, 17; a flag of truce, 18; a prisoner, and attacked by Indians; embarks for Boston, 19; addresses Irish prisoners; letter to Secretary of War, 20; selects hostages in retaliation for Irish prisoners, 21; returns to Washington, 22; ordered to Philadelphia; appointed Adjutant General; promoted Colonel of his regiment; joins General Dearborn, and appointed chief of staff, 23; assault on Fort George; Scott leads the advance, 24; struck by a piece of timber and collar bone broken, 25; anecdote of a British officer, 26; resigns the office of Adjutant General, 27; joins General Wilkinson, 28; marches for Sackett's Harbor; appointed to command of a battalion; preparing new levies of troops, 29; appointed Brigadier General; ordered to join General Jacob Brown; establishes camp of instruction at Sackett's Harbor; assigned to a new command; moves toward Chippewa, 30; wins the battle of Chippewa; report of General Brown, 32; moves to mouth of the Niagara, 33; battle of Lundy's Lane, 34, 35; General Scott disabled, 37-39; in command for defense of Philadelphia and Baltimore, 39; reception at Princeton; declined to act as Secretary of War; ordered to Europe, 40; receives attention in Europe; return home; headquarters in New York; married to Miss Mayo, of Richmond; names of his children, 41; Congress passes resolutions complimenting him; present at the death of President Monroe; thanked by Legislatures of Virginia and New York; honorary member of the Society of the Cincinnati; order of General Jackson, 42; letter of General Jackson to General Scott; his reply, 43; letter to General Jackson, 44; General Jackson's reply; Scott calls on General Jackson, 45; tribute to General Jackson; his work on general regulations for the army, 46; president of board of army and militia officers; publication of his work on infantry tactics; the temperance reform; his views on, 47; controversy with General Gaines; tenders his resignation; not accepted, 48; letter to Secretary of War; the Secretary's reply, 49; assigned to command of Eastern Department; treaty with Sac Indians, 50; ordered to Illinois; Asiatic cholera, 53; letter to Governor Reynolds, 54; newspaper extracts in regard to General Scott's action in the cholera epidemic, 55-57; commissioner to treat with Indians; result of the treaty, 58; arrives in New York, and ordered to Washington; the tariff act of 1828 and excitement in South Carolina, 60; ordered to South Carolina, 66; letter of instruction from Secretary of War; arrival in Charleston, 66, 67; detained by accident, 68; success of his mission, 71; ordered to immediate command in Florida, 98; disposition of troops, 110-112; movement of troops, 114; the army arrives at Tampa Bay, 117; arrival at Fort Brooke, 118; embarks on St. John's River, 120; complaint against General Jesup; court of inquiry on Florida campaign, 122; finding of the court; letter to Secretary of War, 123; defense in Congress, 124; tendered dinner in New York; declines, 127; ordered to remove the Creek Indians, 129; addresses to troops and Indians, 130, 132, 133; the Indians move West, 135; ordered to look after Canada insurgents, 139; ordered to Maine, 140; meets Governor Everett; proceeds to Portland, 141; settlement of the troubles, 143, 144; uprising in Upper Canada; affair of the Caroline, 144, 145; ordered to the scene of the troubles; meets Governor Marcy, 146; letter to commanding officer of British vessels, 147; the affair settled, 147, 148; his name presented to Whig Convention as candidate for the presidency, 152; effort in Congress to reduce his pay; letter to T.P. Atkinson on slavery, 153; letter to peace convention, 154; the War with Mexico; the "hasty plate of soup," 157; his opinion of General Taylor; ordered to Mexico; goes via New Orleans, 158; arrives at Brazos Santiago, 159; fails to meet General Taylor, 161; landing of the troops at Vera Cruz, 162; investment and surrender of Vera Cruz, 164-170; advances on Jalapa, 173; Cerro Gordo, 178, 179, 187; occupation of Puebla, 193; movement toward the City of Mexico; criticism by the Duke of Wellington, 195, 196; address to Mexican people, 198; movement on and capture of Padierna, 204-207; Churubusco, 211; arrival of Nicholas P. Trist, U.S. Commissioner, 213; cessation of hostilities by armistice, 214; the armistice ended, 218; Molino del Rey, 219-222; attack on and capture of Chapultepec, 226, 227; occupation of the capital; orders for government of the city, 229; additional orders, 231-234; orders for obtaining revenue in Mexico, 240-242; letter to Secretary of War, 243; his civil administration of Mexico, 246, 247; reports his total force, January 6, 1848; ordered before a court of inquiry; relieved from command of the army, 248; money levied on City of Mexico, 255; turns over command of the army, 264; General Orders No. 349, 270; letter to General Worth, 272; relieved from duty, 277, 278; reads a paper before the court of inquiry, 281, 282; submits paper to court of inquiry, 284; embarks at Vera Cruz for home, 288; receives thanks of Congress, 289; discontent in Canada, 293; candidate for the presidency (1852), 293; on commission to settle boundary line with Great Britain, 295; letter to President Buchanan, 296, 297; letter to Secretary of War, 297, 298; letter to Secretary of War, December 28, 1861, 298; letter to Secretary Seward, March 3, 1861, 299; firing of guns at Mobile on announcement that he had resigned, 304; order of April 26, 1861, at Washington, D.C., 306; issues General Orders No. 17, 308; complains of General McClellan, 309; request to be placed on retired list, 311, 312; addresses the President and Cabinet on his retirement, 313; sails for Europe, November 9, 1861, 318; army asylum fund, 323; statue of, at Soldiers' Home, 327; his death and last words, 329; his acquaintance with English authors, 331; advice to young army officer, 330, 331; anecdote of battle of Chippewa, 332; vain of his accomplishments; regular attendant at the Episcopal Church, 332; goes to West Point, 328; his loyalty, his strict ideas of discipline; anecdote, 333.

Sears, Henry B., Lieutenant, 215.

Secretary of War to General Gaines, 100.

Seminole council, 85.

Seward, Secretary, anecdote of General Scott, 330.

Shannon, Samuel, Captain, 102.

Shaw, H.B., Major, 135.

Sheaffe, General Sir Roger Hale, 17-19.

Shelton, Joseph, General, 116.

Sheridan, Philip H., General, 326.

Sherman, William T., General, 326.

Shields, James, General, 176, 207, 209, 280.

Shubrick, William B., Commodore, 238.

Sibley, Henry H., Captain, 212.

Simms, John D., Lieutenant, 253.

Slidell, John, 321.

Small, William F., Captain, 236.

Smith, Charles F., Captain, 221.

Smith, Colonel, Louisiana volunteers, 101, 118.

Smith, Constantine, Lieutenant, 89.

Smith, E. Kirby, Captain, 221.

Smith, Gustavus W., Lieutenant, 207.

Smith, Persifor F., Colonel, 101, 112, 206, 208, 209, 211, 214, 227.

Smyth, Alexander, General, 14.

Soldiers' Home at Washington, 323, 324, 326.

Soto, Don Juan, Vera Cruz, 215.

Steptoe, Edward J., Captain, 223.

Stone, Charles P., General, 301, 318.

Strahan, Captain, 17.

Sumner, Edwin V., Major, 175, 211, 220, 221, 224.

Sutherland, David J., Lieutenant, 253.

Swift, Joseph G., Colonel, 28.

Tampico letter, the, 267, 268.

Tariff of 1828 and trouble In South Carolina, 60.

Taylor, Francis, Captain, 135, 223.

Taylor, Governor, Carolina, 61.

Taylor, Zachary, General, 154, 289.

Tazewell, Littleton W., 5.

Temperance reform, 47.

Terrett, George H., Captain, 253.

Texas, causes which led to annexation, 149, 154.

Thistle, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Thomas, James H., Colonel, 173.

Thompson, General, Indian agent, 79.

Thompson, Launt, 327.

Thurston, Charles Myron, Captain, 110.

Timrod, Captain, 94.

Totten, Joseph G., Colonel, 17, 18, 28, 164.

Towson, Captain, ordered to report to St. Elliott, 13, 16, 33, 37.

Towson, Nathan, General, 281.

Trent, affair of the, 321.

Tripp, T.S., Captain, 115.

Trist, Nicholas P., commissioner, 213, 216, 257, 281.

Trousdale, William, Colonel, 226.

Truxton, Commodore, 5.

Tweedale, Marquis of, crosses the Chippewa, 30.

Twiggs, David E., General, 101, 173, 176, 193, 200, 220.

Twiggs, Levi, Major, 253.

Tyler, John, President, 152.

Upshur, Abel P., Secretary of State, 151.

Valencia, Mexican General, 204, 211, 248.

Van Buren, Martin, President, 145.

Van Rensselaer, Colonel, 144.

Van Rensselaer, Solomon, General, 14, 17.

Van Rensselaer, Stephen, General, 14, 16, 18.

Van Vliet, Stewart, General, 328.

Vera Cruz, 161, 162, 167, 171.

Villamil, Mora y., General, 214, 216, 257.

Vincent, General, 27.

Vinton, John R., Colonel, 166.

Volunteer American officers paroled, 19.

Wadsworth, Decius, General, 15.

Walker, Robert J., 159.

Washington, George, General, 5.

Watson, Samuel E., Lieutenant-Colonel, 253.

"Wayward Sisters" letter, 299, 300.

Webb, Captain, U.S.N., 97.

Webster, Daniel, 293.

Weed, Thurlow, 318.

Wellington, Duke of, 195.

Welsh, Henry, Lieutenant, 253.

Wheelock, Eleazer, General, 30.

Wilkes, Charles, Commodore, 321.

Wilkinson, James, General, 7, 8, 28.

William and Mary College, 4.

Williams, Captain, Louisiana volunteers, 101.

Williams, T., A.-D.-C., 250.

Wilson, Henry, Colonel, 173.

Wilson, James Grant, General, 327, 328, 335.

Winder, William Henry, General, 24, 27.

Winfield, Elizabeth, 3.

Winfield, John, 3.

Wirt, William, 5.

Withers, Jones M., 248.

Wood, Major, 37.

Wool, John E., Captain, 15-17.

Worth, W.J., General, 136, 170, 174, 193, 265-267, 270, 271, 273, 274-276, 285.

Wright, George, Major, 220.

Wynkoop, Francis M., Colonel, 166, 248.

Young, William L., Lieutenant, 253.

Zacatepetl, Barreiro, Colonel, 205.

THE END.



D. APPLETON & CO.'S PUBLICATIONS.

* * * * *

HISTORY OF THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES, from the Revolution to the Civil War. By JOHN BACH MCMASTER. To be completed in five volumes. Vols. I, II, and III now ready. 8vo, cloth, gilt top, $2.50 each.



In the course of this narrative much is written of wars, conspiracies, and rebellions; of Presidents, of Congresses, of embassies, of treaties, of the ambition of political leaders, and of the rise of great parties in the nation. Yet the history of the people is the chief theme. At every stage of the splendid progress which separates the America of Washington and Adams from the America in which we live, it has been the author's purpose to describe the dress, the occupations, the amusements, the literary canons of the times; to note the changes of manners and morals; to trace the growth of that humane spirit which abolished punishment for debt, and reformed the discipline of prisons and of jails; to recount the manifold improvements which, in a thousand ways, have multiplied the conveniences of life and ministered to the happiness of our race; to describe the rise and progress of that long series of mechanical inventions and discoveries which is now the admiration of the world, and our just pride and boast; to tell how, under the benign influence of liberty and peace, there sprang up, in the course of a single century, a prosperity unparalleled in the annals of human affairs.

"The pledge given by Mr. McMaster, that 'the history of the people shall be the chief theme,' is punctiliously and satisfactorily fulfilled. He carries out his promise in a complete, vivid, and delightful way. We should add that the literary execution of the work is worthy of the indefatigable industry and unceasing vigilance with which the stores of historical material have been accumulated, weighed, and sifted. The cardinal qualities of style, lucidity, animation, and energy, are everywhere present. Seldom indeed has a book in which matter of substantial value has been so happily united to attractiveness of form been offered by an American author to his fellow-citizens."—New York Sun.

"To recount the marvelous progress of the American people, to describe their life, their literature, their occupations, their amusements, is Mr. McMaster's object. His theme is an important one, and we congratulate him on his success. It has rarely been our province to notice a book with so many excellences and so few defects."—New York Herald.

"Mr. McMaster at once shows his grasp of the various themes and his special capacity as a historian of the people. His aim is high, but he hits the mark."—New York Journal of Commerce.

" ... The author's pages abound, too, with illustrations of the best kind of historical work, that of unearthing hidden sources of information and employing them, not after the modern style of historical writing, in a mere report, but with the true artistic method, in a well-digested narrative.... If Mr. McMaster finishes his work in the spirit and with the thoroughness and skill with which it has begun, it will take its place among the classics of American literature."—Christian Union.

* * * * *

New York: D. APPLETON & CO., 1, 3, & 5 Bond Street.



ABRAHAM LINCOLN: The True Story of a Great Life. By WILLIAM H. HERNDON and JESSE W. WEIK. With numerous Illustrations. New and revised edition, with an introduction by HORACE WHITE. In two volumes. 12mo. Cloth, $3.00.

This is probably the most intimate life of Lincoln ever written. The book, by Lincoln's law-partner, William H. Herndon, and his friend Jesse W. Weik, shows us Lincoln the man. It is a true picture of his surroundings and influences and acts. It is not an attempt to construct a political history, with Lincoln often in the background, nor is it an effort to apotheosize the American who stands first in our history next to Washington. The writers knew Lincoln intimately. Their book is the result of unreserved association. There is no attempt to portray the man as other than he really was, and on this account their frank testimony must be accepted, and their biography must take permanent rank as the best and most illuminating study of Lincoln's character and personality. Their story, simply told, relieved by characteristic anecdotes, and vivid with local color, will be found a fascinating work.

"Truly, they who wish to know Lincoln as he really was must read the biography of him written by his friend and law-partner, W.H. Herndon. This book was imperatively needed to brush aside the rank growth of myth and legend which was threatening to hide the real lineaments of Lincoln from the eyes of posterity. On one pretext or another, but usually upon the plea that he was the central figure of a great historical picture, most of his self-appointed biographers have, by suppressing a part of the truth and magnifying or embellishing the rest, produced portraits which those of Lincoln's contemporaries who knew him best are scarcely able to recognize. There is, on the other hand, no doubt about the faithfulness of Mr. Herndon's delineation. The marks of unflinching veracity are patent in every line."—New York Sun.

"Among the books which ought most emphatically to have been written must be classed 'Herndon's Lincoln,'"—Chicago Inter-Ocean.

"The author has his own notion of what a biography should be, and it is simple enough. The story should tell all, plainly and even bluntly. Mr. Herndon is naturally a very direct writer, and he has been industrious in gathering material. Whether an incident happened before or behind the scenes, is all the same to him. He gives it without artifice or apology. He describes the life of his friend Lincoln just as he saw it."—Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.

"A remarkable piece of literary achievement—remarkable alike for its fidelity to facts, its fullness of details, its constructive skill, and its literary charm."—New York Times.

"It will always remain the authentic life of Abraham Lincoln,"—Chicago Herald.

"The book is a valuable depository of anecdotes, innumerable and characteristic. It has every claim to the proud coast of being the 'true story of a great life.'"—Philadelphia Ledger.

"Will be accepted as the best biography yet written of the great President."—Chicago Inter-Ocean.

"Mr. White claims that, as a portraiture of the man Lincoln, Mr. Herndon's work 'will never be surpassed.' Certainly it has never been equaled yet, and this new edition is all that could be desired."—New York Observer.

"The three portraits of Lincoln are the best that exist; and not the least characteristic of these, the Lincoln of the Douglas debates, has never before been engraved.... Herndon's narrative gives, as nothing else is likely to give, the material from which we may form a true picture of the man from infancy to maturity,"—The Nation.



APPLETONS' CYCLOPAEDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY. Complete in six volumes, royal 8vo, containing about 800 pages each. With sixty-one fine steel portraits and some two thousand smaller vignette portraits and views of birthplaces, residences, statues, etc.

APPLETONS' CYCLOPAEDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY, edited by General JAMES GRANT WILSON, President of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, and Professor JOHN FISKE, formerly of Harvard University, assisted by over two hundred special contributors, contains a biographical sketch of every person eminent in American civil and military history, in law and politics, in divinity, in literature and art, in science and in invention. Its plan embraces all the countries of North and South America, and includes distinguished persons born abroad, but related to American history. As events are always connected with persons, it affords a complete compendium of American history in every branch of human achievement. An exhaustive topical and analytical Index enables the reader to follow the history of any subject with great readiness.

"It is the most complete work that exists on the subject. The tone and guiding spirit of the book are certainly very fair, and show a mind bent on a discriminate, just, and proper treatment of its subject."—From the Hon. GEORGE BANCROFT.

"The portraits are remarkably good. To anyone interested in American history or literature, the Cyclopaedia will be indispensable."—From the Hon. JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL.

"The selection of names seems to be liberal and just. The portraits, so far as I can judge, are faithful, and the biographies trustworthy."—From NOAH PORTER, D.D., LL.D., ex-President of Yale College.

"A most valuable and interesting work."—From the Hon. WM. E. GLADSTONE.

"I have examined it with great interest and great gratification. It is a noble work, and does enviable credit to its editors and publishers."—From the Hon. ROBERT C. WINTHROP.

"I have carefully examined 'Appletons' Cyclopaedia of American Biography,' and do not hesitate to commend it to favor. It is admirably adapted to use in the family and the schools, and is so cheap as to come within the reach of all classes of readers and students."—From J.B. FORAKER, ex-Governor of Ohio.

"This book of American biography has come to me with a most unusual charm. It sets before us the faces of great Americans, both men and women, and gives us a perspective view of their lives. Where so many noble and great have lived and wrought, one is encouraged to believe the soil from which they sprang, the air they breathed, and the sky over their heads, to be the best this world affords, and one says, 'Thank God, I also am an American!' We have many books of biography, but I have seen none so ample, so clear-cut, and breathing so strongly the best spirit of our native land. No young man or woman can fail to find among these ample pages some model worthy of imitation."—From FRANCES E. WILLARD, President N.W.C.T.U.

"I congratulate you on the beauty of the volume, and the thoroughness of the work."—From Bishop PHILLIPS BROOKS.

"Every day's use of this admirable work confirms me in regard to its comprehensiveness and accuracy."—From CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER.

Price, per volume, cloth or buckram, $5.00; sheep, $6.00; half calf or half morocco, $7.00. Sold only by subscription. Descriptive circular, with specimen pages, sent on application. Agents wanted for districts not yet assigned.



"This work marks an epoch in the history-writing of this country."—St. Louis Post-Dispatch.



THE HOUSEHOLD HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND ITS PEOPLE. FOR YOUNG AMERICANS. By EDWARD EGGLESTON. Richly illustrated with 350 Drawings, 75 Maps, etc. Square 8vo. Cloth, $2.50.

FROM THE PREFACE.

The present work is meant, in the first instance, for the young—not alone for boys and girls, but for young men and women who have yet to make themselves familiar with the more important features of their country's history. By a book for the young is meant one in which the author studies to make his statements clear and explicit, in which curious and picturesque details are inserted, and in which the writer does not neglect such anecdotes as lend the charm of a human and personal interest to the broader facts of the nation's story. That history is often tiresome to the young is not so much the fault of history as of a false method of writing by which one contrives to relate events without sympathy or imagination, without narrative connection or animation. The attempt to master vague and general records of kiln-dried facts is certain to beget in the ordinary reader a repulsion from the study of history—one of the very most important of all studies for its widening influence on general culture.



"Fills a decided gap which has existed for the past twenty years in American historical literature. The work is admirably planned and executed, and will at once take its place as a standard record of the life, growth, and development of the nation. It is profusely and beautifully illustrated."—Boston Transcript.

"The book in its new dress makes a much finer appearance than before, and will be welcomed by older readers as gladly as its predecessor was greeted by girls and boys. The lavish use the publishers have made of colored plates, woodcuts, and photographic reproductions, gives an unwonted piquancy to the printed page, catching the eye as surely as the text engages the mind."—New York Critic.



"The author writes history as a story. It can never be less than that. The book will enlist the interest of young people, enlighten their understanding, and by the glow of its statements fix the great events of the country firmly in the mind."—San Francisco Bulletin.

THE END

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