HotFreeBooks.com
A Middle High German Primer - Third Edition
by Joseph Wright
Previous Part     1  2  3  4
Home - Random Browse

F

For {f} see {v}.

G

{g[a]be}, sf. gift. {gabyl[o]t}, {gabil[o]t}, sn. small javelin or dart. {g[a]ch} ({-hes}), aj. quick, rapid, 55; {g[a]ch wesen} (with dat. of pers.), be in a hurry; {mir ist g[a]ch}, I hasten; gen. {g[a]hes} as av. {gadem}, sn. room, bed-room; house, 46. {g[ae]he}, aj. quick, hasty. {g[a]hel[o]s}, aj. fickle, wanton. {g[a]hen}, {g[ae]hen}, wv. hasten, hurry. {Gahmuret}, pn. the name of Parzival's father. {galge}, wm. gallows, scaffold. {galle}, swf. gall, bitterness, grief. {gan}, see {gunnen}. {g[a]n}, {g[e]n}, sv. VII, go, 87, 95; {umbe g[a]n}, go or turn round. {ganz}, aj. whole, entire, complete, 19, 60.3. {ganzl[i]che(n)}, av. completely, 60.3. {gar} ({-wes}), aj. ready, prepared, 9.1, 36, 55. {gar}, av. fully, entirely, completely. {gart}, sm. goad, whip. {garten[ae]re}, sm. gardener, 8. {gast} (pl. {geste}), stranger, guest, 3, 5, 10, 11, 44. {gearbeiten}, wv. work. {geb[ae]rde}, sf. countenance. {geb[a]ren}, wv. behave, conduct oneself. {gebe}, sf. gift, 7, 48. {gebeine}, sn. bones, remains. {geben}, sv. V, give, grant, 5, 12, 14.2, 25, 28, 33, 83. {geben}, pp. = {gegeben}. {gebende}, sn. head-dress. {gebet}, sn. prayer. {gebieten}, sv. II, order, command. {gebot}, sn. command, order, commandment. {gebrechen} = {brechen}. {gebreste}, wm. defect, waste. {gebresten} = {bresten}. {gebue[z]en}, wv. atone for, improve. {geb[u]re}, wm. peasant, citizen. {geburt}, sf. birth, noble birth. {gedagen}, wv. keep silent. {gedanc}, sm. thought, 44. {gedanken} = {danken}. {gedenken} (pret. {-d[a]hte}), wv. think, intend, strive; bear in mind, remember. {gedienen}, wv. earn, deserve, obtain. {ged[i]hen} ({ged[i]en}), sv. I, thrive, speed well, advance. {gedinge}, wm. or sfn. hope, confidence; thought; contract. {gedingen}, wv. negotiate. {gedranc} ({-ges}), sm. thronging, crowd. {gedulde}, {gedult}, sf. patience. {gedultecl[i]chen}, av. patiently. {gedultic} ({-ec}), aj. patient, indulgent, 10 note 1. {gedultikeit}, sf. patience. {geenden}, wv. end, finish. {gefuege}, aj. befitting, suitable, seemly. {gefuoge}, sf. fitness, good breeding. {geg[a]n} = {g[a]n}. {gegeben} = {geben}. {gegen} ({gein}), prep. against, opposite to, towards, to; at, for, 37. {gegihte}, sn. gout, cramp. {gegrue[z]en}, wv. greet, salute. {gehaben} (refl.), wv. be, fare, feel. {gehei[z]en}, sv. VII, promise; call, name. {gehelfen} = {helfen}. {gehenge}, sf. permission. {gehiure}, aj. lovely, charming, gracious. {geh[oe]nen}, wv. dishonour, abuse, revile, curse. {geh[oe]ren}, wv. hear. {geh[o]rsam(e)}, sf. obedience. {geil}, aj. joyous, joyful, gay. {geist}, sm. spirit, mind, ghost. {gejegede}, sn. hunt. {geklopfen}, wv. knock. {gel} ({-wes}), aj. yellow, 55. {gel[a][z]}, snm. formation, figure, shape. {geleben}, wv. live, live to see. {geleischiert}, pp. with or having the reins of the horse slack; see {leischieren}. {geleisten} = {leisten}. {geleit} = {geleget}. {geleite}, sn. protection, retinue; wm. attendant, companion. {gelf} ({gelph}), aj. shining; merry, insolent. {gel[i]ch} ({gl[i]ch}), aj. like, same, straight, even, 9.7; av. {gel[i]che}, equally, in like manner. {gel[i]chen}, refl. wv. be like, be equal; resemble. {gelieben}, wv. love, make dear, please. {geligen}, sv. V, succumb, be ruined. {gelimpfen}, wv. be meet, 23.2. {gelingen}, sv. III, succeed, 81; {mir gelingt wol}, I have good success. {gelit}, {glit} ({-des}), sn. member, 9.7. {geloube}, wm. faith. {gelouben}, {gelouben}, wv. believe, think, 10, 33, 90. {gelt} ({-des}), sn. money. {gelten}, sv. III, pay, requite; procure, 9.4 note, 81. {gelucke}, sn. good fortune, happiness. {gelust}, sm. wish, desire; joy, pleasure. {gemach}, smn., rest, ease; bedroom. {gemachen}, wv. make. {gemahele}, wf. bride. {gemeine}, aj. common, familiar. {gemeit}, aj. happy, joyful. {gem[e]ren}, wv. increase. {gem[i]den}, sv. I, avoid, keep at a distance. {gem[i]ten}, sv. I, shun, avoid. {gemuete}, sn. disposition, desire, longing; heart. {gemuot}, aj. minded, disposed, inclined. {gen[a]de}, {gn[a]de}, sf. grace, favour, kindness, 9.7; in addressing a person: be gracious; {gen[a]de sagen}, thank; {[u]f gen[a]de}, graciously. {gen[a]del[o]s}, aj. unhappy, without grace. {gen[a]den}, wv. to thank. {gen[ae]dic}, aj. gracious, merciful. {gen[ae]me}, aj. beloved, dear, pleasant. {genanne}, {gnanne}, wm. namesake, 9.7. {genesen}, sv. V, recover, become well or free, 30, 83. {genieten}, wv. refl. rejoice, be glad, become satisfied with. {genie[z]en}, sv. II c. gen., enjoy, have advantage of; make use of, use as food. {genisb[ae]re}, aj. healable, curable. {genisl[i]ch}, aj. healable, curable. {genist}, sf. recovery. {gen[o][z]}, sm. companion. {gen[o][z]en} ({hin ze}), wv. compare, compare with. {genuegen}, wv. be sufficient, suffice; {mich genueget des}, that is enough for me. {genuoc}, {gnuoc}, aj. and av. enough, 9.7; pl. many; as indecl. sb. with gen. enough. {genuogen} = {genuegen}. {gequeln}, wv. plague, torment. {ger}, {gir}, sf. longing, eager desire. {ger[a]de}, {gr[a]de}, aj. quick, 9.7. {ger[a]ten} (pret. {-riet}), sv. VII, advise; come at; prosper, thrive, succeed. {gerech}, {grech}, aj. straight, 9.7. {gerich}, sm. revenge, vengeance. {gerihte}, sn. jurisdiction. {gerincl[i]chen}, av. small, easily. {geringen}, sv. III, struggle, strive. {geriute}, sn. arable land. {geriuwen}, wv. repent, lament. {gern} (with gen. and dat.), wv. long for, yearn for, desire, want, hanker after. {gerne}, av. willingly, gladly. {gerte}, swf. rod. {ger[u]men}, wv. leave, make room. {geruochen}, wv. be pleased, hold good for. {gesagen}, wv. say, tell. {geschaffen}, sv. VI, provide, care for, create. {geschaft}, sf. creature, 28. {geschehen}, sv. V, happen, fall to one's lot or share, 19, 34, 83. {geschiht}, sf. occurrence, event. {geschlahte}, sn. race, generation, 10. {gesegen}, wv. bless. {gesehen} = {sehen}. {geselle}, wm. companion. {geselleschaft}, sf. company. {ges[i]n} = {s[i]n}. {gesinde}, sn. retinue; wm. retainer. {gesingen} = {singen}. {gesitzen} = {sitzen}. {gesmac}, sm. taste, smell. {gesorgen}, wv. trouble oneself; fear, dread. {gespile}, wm. play-mate, comrade. {gesprechen} = {sprechen}. {gest[a]n}, sv. VI, remain. {gesteine}, sn. precious stones. {gestern}, av. yesterday. {gestr[i]ten}, sv. I, quarrel, fight, strive. {ges[u]men}, wv. stay, delay, let one wait. {gesunde} ({gesunt}), aj. healthy, alive. {gesunt}, sm. health. {gesweigen}, wv. bring to silence. {gesw[i]chen}, sv. I, weary, tire; leave in the lurch. {getar} = {tar}, see {turren}. {getragen} = {tragen}. {getriul[i]ch}, aj. through, owing to faithfulness. {getriuten}, wv. love, like, be fond of. {getriuwe}, aj. faithful, good. {getriuwen}, {getr[u]wen}, wv. trust, confide in. {getr[oe]sten}, wv. refl. bear with patience, forget. {getr[u]ren}, wv. mourn, grieve, be downcast. {getr[u]wen}, see {getriuwen}. {getuon} = {tuon}. {geturren}, pret. pres. dare, venture. {getweln}, wv. dwell, stay. {gevallen}, sv. VII, fall to one's lot, please. {gevangen(e)}, wm. prisoner, 50. {gevar}, aj. having colour. {gevarn}, sv. VI, go, travel; {wol gevarn}, make a successful journey. {gevolgen}, wv. obey. {gevuege}, {gefuege}, aj. courteous, well-bred. {gew[ae]te}, sn. clothing. {gewahenen}, sv. VI, mention, 86. {gewalt}, smf. power, might, command. {gewaltecl[i]ch}, aj. violent, mighty; av. {gewaltecl[i]che}. {gewaltic}, aj. powerful, mighty. {gewant}, sn. clothing. {gewant} (pp. of {wenden}), conditioned, circumstanced; {so gewante sache}, of such a nature; {e[z] ist als[o] gewant}, it is important; {e[z] ist niht als[o] gewant}, the matter is not so. {gewar(e)}, aj. sensible, mindful. {geweinen}, wv. weep, cry. {gewenen}, wv. accustom. {gewenken}, wv. waver, vacillate; bend, turn. {gewerbe}, sn. activity. {gewern}, wv. perceive, perform. {gewerren}, sv. III, be troublesome, hinder. {gewin} ({-nnes}), sm. gain, advantage. {gewinnen}, sv. III, get, gain, obtain, receive, 81; {fur sich gewinnen}, get for oneself. {gewis} ({-sses}), aj. certain, sure, 31. {gewisse}, av. surely, truly, certainly. {gewonheit}, sf. custom. {gewurme}, sn. worm, insect; reptile, creeping creature. {gezemen}, sv. IV, become, beseem; {mich gezimt des}, that pleases me. {gezierde}, sf. adornment. {gezwicken}, wv. pinch, pull, pluck. {gie[z]en}, sv. II, pour, 28, 78. {gift}, sf. gift, 28. {giht}, third pers. sing. of {jehen}. {gir}, see {ger}. {g[i]st} = {gibest}, 37. {g[i]t} = {gibet}, 37. {glast}, sm. splendour. {gl[i]chnisse}, sn. parable. {glocke}, sf. bell. {gnanne}, see {genanne}. {golt}, sn. gold, 3, 15. {got}, sm. God, 5, 10, 11. {gotel[i]ch}, aj. divine. {gotesh[u]s}, sn. church, monastery. {gotheit}, sf. godhead. {gotinne}, sf. goddess, 5, 10. {gotvar} ({-wes}), aj. godlike, divine. {gouch}, sm. cuckoo; fool. {gr[a]} ({-wes}), aj. grey, 55. {graben}, sv. VII, dig, 10, 12, 85. {gram}, aj. hostile. {grap} ({-bes}), sn. grave, 46. {gras}, sn. grass. {gr[i]fen}, sv. I, seize, grasp, touch, feel. {grim} ({-mmes}), sm. rage, fury. {grimme} ({grimmic}), aj. fearful, angry; great. {grimmen}, sv. III, rage. {gr[i]s} ({gr[i]se}), aj. grey, old, 55. {gr[oe][z]l[i]ch}, aj. great. {gr[oe][z]l[i]chen}, av. greatly, very. {gr[o][z]}, aj. great, large, 9.2, 57. {gruen(e)}, aj. green, 5, 10, 55. {grue[z]en}, wv. greet, 39; also sn. {grunt} ({-des}), sm. bottom. {gruo[z]}, sm. greeting, salutation. {guete}, sf. goodness, kindness, 5, 10. {guetlich}, aj. friendly; av. {guetl[i]chen}. {gugel}, sf. cowl; cape, hood. {guld[i]n}, aj. golden, 3, 15. {gun[e]ren}, wv.. dishonour, disgrace. {gunnen}, {gunnen} (pres. sing. {gan}; pret. {gunde}, pret. subj. {gunde}, {gunde}), pret. pres. grant, bestow, not to grudge, 9.7, 93. {guot}, aj. good, 9.2, 25, 55, 58; {da[z] guot}, wealth, property; {ze guote}, to the good. {gurtel}, sm. girdle, belt, sash. {gusse}, sf. inundation, 28. {gutinne}, sf. goddess, 48.

H. {habe}, sf. possession. {habedanc}, sm. thanks with words. {haben} ({h[a]n}), wv. have, hold, 3, 99; {haben sich an der witze kraft}, collect all one's wits together. {hacken}, sm. hook, fetter; footprint. {haft}, sm. bond, fetter. {hagel}, sm. hail; misfortune, destruction. {Hagene}, pn., 54. {h[a]hen} ({h[a]n}), sv. VII, hang, 29, 30, 38, 87. {halde}, wf. slope, declivity. {halm}, sm. blade, stalk. {halp} ({-bes}), aj. half. {halsen}, sv. VII, embrace, 87. {halten} ({halden}), sv. VII, hold, keep; stop, keep from, 5, 10, 11, 40, 87. {h[a]n}, see {haben}. {handeln}, wv. do, perform. {handelunge}, sf. action, 8. {han(e)}, wm. cock, 9.4, 31.3. {hant} (pl. {hende}), hand, 49. {h[a]r}, sn. hair. {h[a]rbant}, sn. head-band. {harnasch}, smn. harness. {harpfen}, wv. play the harp. {hart}, aj. hard, 19. {harte}, av. very, very great, 60; comp. {harter}, more; more seriously. {hase}, wm. hare, 7, 30. {ha[z]}, sm. hate, hatred, enmity; indignation, anger, wrath, 19. {ha[z]l[i]ch}, aj. full of hate, hostile. {ha[zz]en}, wv. hate. {heben} ({heven}), sv. VI, raise, 30, 86; {sich (an) heben}, betake oneself, begin. {hei}, interj. an exclamation of joy, grief, or wonder. {heide}, sf., heath, uncultivated land; meadow. {heiden}, sm. heathen, 9.2. {heil}, sn. happiness, welfare, good fortune. {heilant}, sm. Saviour, 8. {heilic} ({-ec}), holy, 7, 8, 55. {heiliggeist}, sm. holy ghost. {heim}, smn. home; {heime}, av. at home. {heiml[i]ch} ({-lich}), aj. homely, familiar. {heimsuochen}, wv. visit; attack with evil intent. {heimsuochunge}, sf. disturbance of domestic peace and security. {heimvart}, sf. homeward journey. {hei[z]}, aj. hot, 31.3. {hei[z]en}, sv. VII, call, be called, named; bid, 11, 17, 23.1, 87. {hel} ({-lles}), aj. resounding. {helfe}, sf. help. {helfen}, sv. III, help, 3, 11, 12, 14.2, 15, 23.2, 81. {helle}, sf. hell. {hellem[o]r}, sm. devil. {hellen[o]t}, sf. necessity of hell. {helm}, sm. helm, helmet, 11. {helme}, wm. warrior. {heln} (with double acc.), sv. IV, hide, conceal. {helt} (gen. {heldes}, {heledes}), sm. hero, protector, brave warrior. {hemede}, {hemde}, sn. shirt. {hendelinc} ({-ges}), sm. glove, 8. {hengen}, wv. hang, 30. {henne}, swf. hen, 31.3. {h[e]r}, {h[e]re}, aj. and av. high, proud, haughty, agreeable, 55. {her}, sn. army, host. {her(e)}, av. hither, this way. {herberge}, sf. lodging. {h[e]rl[i]ch}, aj. agreeable, distinguished; av. {h[e]rl[i]chen}. {h[e]rre}, {herre}, {her}, wm. master, lord, 9.3, 9.6. {herren}, wv. to make as master. {h[e]rsen}, {hersen}, wv. rule, govern, 9.2. {herte} ({hart}), aj. hard, difficult, 60; av. {harte} ({herte}), 60. {herze}, wn. heart, 7, 19, 23.2, 50, 52. {herzeleit}, sn. heart-sore, grief. {herzel[i]ch}, aj. dear, affectionate. {herzeliep}, sn. heart's joy. {Herzeloyde}, pn. the name of Parzival's mother. {herzenl[i]ch}, aj. hearty, dear, affectionate; av. {herzenl[i]chen}. {herzeriuwe}, sf. great grief, sadness of heart, pain. {herzes[e]re}, sf. great sorrow, grief. {heven}, see {heben}. {hey}, interj., hey! {hie}, {hier}, av. here, 5, 11, 39; {hie b[i]}, herewith, hereby; {hie vor(e)}, formerly, in former times. {hierunder}, av. hereunder, 39. {himel}, sm. heaven, sky. {himelisch}, aj. heavenly, 8. {himelkr[o]ne}, sf. heavenly crown. {himelr[i]ch}, sn. kingdom of heaven. {hin}, {hinnen}, av. from here, hence, away; {hin fur}, without, out of doors; {hin heim}, away home. {hinder}, aj. hinder; prep. behind, 59. {hindernisse}, snf. hindrance, 8. {hinderste}, aj. hindmost, 59. {h[i]nte}, {h[i]nt}, {h[i]naht}, av. to-night, 34. {h[i]r[a]t}, sm. marrying, marriage. {hirte}, sm. shepherd, 3, 43. {hirtel[o]s}, aj. shepherdless. {hir[z]} (OHG. {hiru[z]}) beside {hirz} (OHG. {hirz}), sm. stag. {hitze}, sf. heat, warmth, 31.3. {hiute}, av. to-day; {hiute morgen}, this morning. {h[o]ch} (comp. {h[oe]her}, superl. {h[oe]hst}, {h[o]hst}), aj. high, 5, 10, 11, 19, 34, 57, 60. {h[o]chgeborn}, aj. of gentle birth; noble. {h[o]chgemuot}, aj. noble, high-minded; lofty, proud; joyful, in high spirits. {h[o]chgez[i]t}, sfn. festival, feast, highest joy. {h[o]chmuot}, sm. consciousness, pride, well-being. {h[o]chvart}, sf. pride, haughtiness. {h[oe]ne}, aj. haughty; contemptible. {h[oe]nen}, wv. dishonour, calumniate. {h[oe]ren}, wv. hear; be requisite, be necessary, require; listen; belong to, 5, 10, 11, 90. {hof} ({-ves}), sm. court, 19, 30, 33, 42. {hogen}, wv. think, consider. {h[o]he}, {h[o]}, av. highly, 60. {h[o]hgemuete}, sn. joyousness, joyfulness. {hol}, aj. hollow, 55. {holn}, wv. fetch; {tiefen siuft holn}, sigh deeply. {holt} ({-des}), aj. kind, affectionate, well-disposed. {holz}, sn. wood, 19. {honic}, {honec} ({-ges}), smn. honey, 29. {hornunc} ({-ges}), sm. February; frost; chilblain. {houbet}, sn. head, 5, 10. {houwen}, sv. VII, hew, 36, 87. {hovel[i]ch}, aj. courtly, court-like. {hovel[i]chen}, av. courtly, in the manner of the court. {hubesch}, aj. noble, courtly, chivalrous, 30. {hueten}, wv. protect, shield, hold, keep, guard. {huge}, sm. thought, 43. {hugen}, wv. consider, 15. {hulde}, sf. grace, favour, kindness, permission, 10 note 1. {hundertste}, num. hundredth, 62. {hundertstunt}, num. hundred times. {hunger}, sm. hunger. {hunt}, {hundert}, num. hundred, 62, 64. {huobe}, sf. a piece (hide) of land. {huofslac} (dat. pl. {huofslegen}), sm. horseshoe. {huon} (pl. {huener}), sn. hen, 47. {huote}, sf. care, guardianship. {hupfen}, {hupfen}, wv. hop, 10 note 3. {h[u]s} (pl. {hiuser}), sn. house, 3, 5, 10, 11, 33. {h[u]t} (dat. pl. {hiuten}), sf. skin, hide.

I

{ich}, pr. I, 23, 65. {ie}, av. ever. {iedoch}, av. however. {iegel[i]ch}, {iegesl[i]ch} ({iegl[i]ch}, {iesl[i]ch}), pr. each, 71. {ieman}, {iemen}, pr. anyone, no one, someone, somebody, 71. {iemer}, {immer}, av. ever, always, at any time, never. {ietweder}, pr. aj. each of two, 71. {ieweder}, pr. each, 71. {iewelĭch}, pr. each, 71. {iewiht}, pr. anything, 71. {iezuo}, av. now, directly. {iht}, pr. anything; av. not, 71. {[i]len}, wv. hasten. {Im[a]ne}, fpn. {in}, prep. in, into. {in}, pr. acc. him. {[i]n}, {in}, av. in, into, from out here. {in}, {ine} = {ich ne}, I not. {i'n} = {ich in}. {ingesinde}, sn. household, family; followers. {inme}, {imme} = {in deme}. {innecl[i]ch}, aj. inward; av. {innecl[i]chen}, at heart. {innen}, {inne}, av. within, inwardly; {inne bringen}, observe, let understand, convince; {inne werden}, hear of, learn of. {ir}, pr. her, their, ye, 71. {irdenisch}, aj. earthly. {ird[i]n}, aj. earthen, 14.2. {irdisch}, aj. earthly, 8. {irre}, aj. astray; {des r[i]ches irre}, astray in regard to the kingdom. {irren}, wv. put out, confound, hinder, interrupt, stop. {irs} = {ir es}. {[i]ser}, sn. iron, iron weapon, armour. {iuwer} ({iwer}), pr. your, 67. {i[z]} = {e[z]}, 65 note 1.

J

{j[a]}, interj. forsooth. {j[ae]merl[i]ch}, aj. pitiable, sad, sorrowful; av. {j[ae]merl[i]che(n)}. {jagen}, wv. pursue, follow, hunt. {j[a]mer}, sm. grief, pain; {j[a]mers balt}, courageous in grief. {j[a]merhaft}, aj. painful, sorrowful. {j[a]r}, sn. year; age, 19. {jehen}, sv. V, say, speak; assure, grant, concede, 35, 83. {jener}, pr. that, 68. {jenhalp}, av. on that side, the other side. {jesen}, sv. V, ferment, 35, 83. {jeten}, sv. V, weed, 35. {joch}, av. and conj. also, even, yet. {jude}, wm. Jew. {jugent}, sf. youth, 49. {junc} ({-ges}), aj. young, 19, 57. {juncfrouwe}, wf. maiden. {junch[e]rre}, wm. young sir. {junger}, sm. disciple.

K

{kal} ({-wes}), aj. bald, 55. {k[a]le}, see {qu[a]le}, 36. {kalp} (pl. {kalber}), sn. calf, 47. {kalt}, aj. cold. {kalte}, sf. coldness, 11. {kamer[ae]re}, sm. chamberlain, guard of the treasure, or bed-room. {kampfl[i]ch}, aj. warlike. {kapfen}, wv. stare, gape, look on with astonishment. {Karnahkarnanz}, {Karnachkarnanz}, pn. Count of Unterlec. {kastel[a]n}, sn. Castilian horse. {kec}, see {quec}. {kein}, pr. no, none, 71. {keiser}, sm. emperor. {keiserl[i]ch}, aj. imperial. {kelber[i]n}, aj. of a calf. {kemen[a]te}, sf. room, bed-room. {kennen}, wv. know, 90. {k[e]ren}, wv. turn, go, 90; {sich k[e]ren}, turn; {ze gote k[e]ren}, apply to God's service. {kerze}, {kerze}, wf. candle. {kiesen}, sv. II, test, try, choose, elect, 5, 11, 18, 30, 33, 78. {kil}, sm. quill, 9.1, 42. {kindel[i]n}, sn. little child, 8. {kindisch}, aj. childish, 8. {kinne}, sn. chin. {kint} ({-des}), sn. child, 33. {kintl[i]ch}, aj. childish. {kirchhof}, sm. churchyard. {k[i]t} = {qu[i]t}, 36. {kiusch(e)}, aj. chaste, modest, pure, spotless; maidenly. {kiuwen}, sv. II, chew, 16 note, 36, 79. {klage}, sf. complaint, lamentation. {klagen}, wv. complain, bewail, 92; {klagede[z] herze}, mournful heart. {kl[a]r}, aj. clear, bright, beautiful, pure. {kl[e]} ({-wes}), sm. clover, trefoil. {kleben}, wv. stick, 92. {kleiden}, wv. clothe, dress. {klein(e)}, aj. little, neat, insignificant; av. {kleine}. {kleit} (pl. {kleit} or {kleider}), sn. dress. {klieben}, sv. II, cleave, 18, 78. {klingen}, sv. III, ring, toll. {kl[o]sen[ae]re}, sm. hermit, recluse. {kl[o]ster}, sn. cloister, monastery. {kl[u]s}, sf. cell, hermitage. {knabe}, wm. boy, youth, 31.1. {knappe}, wm. a youth who has not yet become a knight, 31.1. {kneht}, sm. boy, candidate for knighthood, attendant; warrior. {kneten}, sv. V, knead, 83. {knie} (gen. {kniewes}), sn. knee, 3, 23.2, 36, 46. {komen}, sv. IV (pres. {kume}, {kum}; pret. {quam}, {kom}; pret. subj. {qu[ae]me}, pp. {komen}), come, 36, 82. {kopf}, sm. head. {k[o]r}, sm. choir. {korder}, {korder}, see {querder}, 36. {korn}, sn. corn, 23.2. {korp} ({-bes}), sm. basket. {koufen}, {koufen}, wv. buy, acquire; earn, 10, 90. {kr[a]}, {kr[a]we}, sf. crow. {kraft}, sf. strength, might; multitude. {kranc}, sm. weakness. {kranc}, aj. impotent, weak; little; worthless. {kranz}, sm. garland, wreath. {kr[e]atiure}, {kr[e]at[u]r(e)}, sf. creature. {kreftic}, aj. strong, powerful. {kriec} ({-ges}), sm. resistance, strife, quarrel. {kriechen}, sv. II, creep, crawl, 78. {Kriemhilt}, pn. 54. {krippe} ({kribbe}), swf., manger (cradle), crib, 26. {Krist}, sm. Christ. {kristen}, aj. and sb. christian. {kristenheit}, sf. christianity, christian faith. {kriuze}, sn. cross. {kr[oe]nen}, wv. crown, adorn. {kr[o]ne}, swf. crown. {kuchen}, {kuchen}, sf. kitchen, 10 note 3. {kuele}, aj. cool. {kuen(e)}, aj. bold, warlike. {kumber}, sm. grief, trouble. {kumberl[i]che}, av. with grief, with oppression. {kumbersal}, sn. distress, 8. {k[u]me}, av. scarcely, hardly. {kunde}, sf. acquaintance, knowledge; {kunde haben} (with gen.), know. {kunde}, see {kunnen}. {kunden}, wv. announce, promise. {kundic}, aj. known. {kunecl[i]ch}, aj. kingly, royal. {kunic} ({-ec}), sm. king, 7, 8, 29. {kunne}, race, generation; relationship, 7, 10, 46. {kun(n)egin(ne)}, {kuneg[i]n}, sf. queen, king's daughter, 8, 48. {kunnen}, {kunnen} (pret. {kunde}, {konde}), pret. pres. know, understand, can, 93. {kunst}, sf. art, skill, 19. {kunt} ({-des}), aj. known. {kuo} (pl. {kueje}, {kuewe}), sf. cow, 49. {kupfer}, sn. copper, 31.2. {kurz}, aj. short, small; {vor kurzer stunt}, recently. {kurzew[i]le}, sf. pastime, entertainment. {kus} ({-sses}), smn. kiss, 32.1. {kussen}, wv. kiss, 20, 32.2, 90.

L

{l[a]}, imperative of {l[a][z]en}, q.v. {lachen}, wv. laugh, laugh at; also sn. {laden}, sv. VI, load, 85. {laden}, wv. invite, 92. {l[ae]re}, aj. empty, 3, 5, 10, 11, 55. {Lahel[i]n}, mpn. {lam}, aj. lame, weak in the limbs. {lamp} (pl. {lember}), lamb, 5, 10, 11, 33, 47. {l[a]n}, see {l[a][z]en}. {lanc}, aj. long, 10, 60; av. {lange}, 60. {lancleben}, sn. long life. {lancl[i]p}, sm. long life. {lant} ({-des}), sn. land, country. {lantliut}, sn. country folk, vassalage; pl. inhabitants. {lantrehtbuoch}, sn. book of common or land laws. {lants[ae][z]e}, wm. freeholder. {last}, sm. burden. {laster}, sn. ignominy, disgrace. {la[z]} ({-[zz]es}), aj. feeble, languid, faint, exhausted; weary. {l[a][z]en}, {l[a]n}, sv. VII, let, leave, give up; stop, avoid, 87, 99; {l[a]n niht ze w[e] s[i]n}, not to worry too much; {l[a][z]en s[i]n}, cease, stop; {l[a] st[a]n}, cease! stop! {leben}, wv. live, cause to live, 92. {leben}, sn. life. {lebendic} ({-ec}), aj. living, alive. {legen} ({leggen}, {lecken}), wv. lay, place, put, 31.3, 92; {arbeit dar an legen}, expend much trouble on a thing. {leh} (= {le} or {li}) {cons}, Count. {l[e]hen}, sn. feudal tenure, loan, fee, feod. {leich}, sm. song consisting of strophes of unequal length. {leide}, av. painfully, sorrowfully; comp. {leider}, greater pain, grief, trouble. {leiden}, wv. be repugnant, odious, or offensive; render disagreeable, do harm; {mir leidet e[z]}, it is repugnant to me. {leider}, av. and interj. unfortunately, alas! {leie}, wm. layman. {leischieren}, wv. give a horse its head. {leisten} (pret. subj. {leiste} = {leistete}), wv. follow the trace of, follow, perceive; {leisten geselleschaft}, accompany. {leit} ({-des}), aj. sorrowful, bitter, painful, disagreeable; hateful, vexatious. {leit} ({-des}), sn. grief, pain. {leit} = {leget}, 37. {leiten} (pret. {leite}), wv. to lead, 5, 11, 30, 32.4, 90. {leitesterne}, wm. loadstar. {lenge}, sf. length, 10. {l[e]re}, sf. teaching, instruction, precept, guidance, advice; saying. {l[e]ren} ({l[e]rn}), wv. teach, 5, 11, 17. {lernen}, wv. learn. {leschen}, sv. IV, be extinguished, go out, 11, 82. {leschen}, wv. extinguish, put out. {lesen}, sv. V, gather, read, 33, 83. {leste}, aj. last, 9.5, 23.1. {lesterl[i]ch}, aj. disgraceful, ignominious. {letzen}, wv. injure, prejudice; forsake. {le[zz]este}, {leste}, aj. last, 59. {l[i]den}, sv. I, suffer, endure, 30, 76. {liebe}, sf. love, joy. {lieben}, wv. give pleasure, gladden; present with. {liegen}, sv. II, lie, tell a lie, 5, 78. {lieht}, sn. light, 16. {lieht}, aj. bright; av. liehte. {liep} ({-bes}), aj. dear, pleasant, friendly, 5, 11; sn. what is lovable; dearest joy; lover. {liet} ({-des}), sn. song, poem. {ligen} ({liggen}, {licken}), sv. V, lie, lie down, 14.2, 31.3, 84. {l[i]hen}, sv. I, lend, 12, 76. {l[i]hte}, aj. light, easy, worthless; av. easily, perhaps; {l[i]hte noch}, still now-a-days. {lin}, {line}, swf. window with balcony. {linde}, wf. linden-tree. {l[i]p} ({-bes}), sm. life, body, person, 33. {list}, sm. prudence, wisdom, advice; means, art; artfulness, cunning. {l[i]st} = {liges(t)}, 37. {lit} ({-des}), sn. limb, member. {l[i]t} = {liget}, 37. {liuhten}, wv. light, shine, shed lustre, 16. {liut}, sn. folk, people, army, 5, 11. {liuten}, wv. ring. {liuterl[i]ch}, av. expressly, quite, entirely. {Liutpolt}, pn. Leopold of Austria. {lobel[i]ch}, aj. praiseworthy. {loben}, wv. praise, 92. {lobesam}, aj. praiseworthy, glorious. {loch} (pl. {locher}), sn. hole, 5, 10, 31.3. {l[oe]sen}, wv. loose, 33, 90. {l[o]n}, sm. pay, reward. {l[o]nen}, wv. reward. {lop} ({-bes}), smn. praise, glorification; price. {l[o]sen}, wv. be rid, released of; {hin ze einem l[o]sen}, flatter. {l[o]t}, sn. weight. {loufel}, sm. runner, 5, 10. {loufen}, sv. VII, run, 5, 11, 87. {lougen}, sn. a denying, denial; {[a]ne lougen}, truly. {loup} (pl. {louber}), sn. foliage, leaf, 5, 10, 11. {l[u]chen}, sv. II, shut, 80. {lucke}, swf. gap, hole, 31.3. {luft}, smf. air, firmament. {luoder}, sn. bait, 46. {l[u]t}, aj. loud; {l[u]t werden} (c. gen.), give to understand, mention, be heard. {l[u]te}, av. aloud, loudly. {l[u]ter}, aj. clear, bright, 9.2; av. {l[u]terl[i]che}. {lutzel}, aj. and av. little, small, 31.2, 58; {lutzel ieman}, nobody, no one; as indecl. sb. with gen., little.

M

{mac}, see {mugen}. {m[a]c} ({-ges}), sm. relation. {machen}, wv. make. {m[ae]re}, sn. story, tidings, report. {m[ae]re}, aj. known, renowned, 10. {maged[i]n}, sn. maid, maiden, 8. {magen}, {megen}, see {mugen}. {maget} (pl. {magede}, {megde}), sf. girl, maiden, 5, 10, 37, 49. {maht} (pl. {mahte}), sf. strength, power, might, 5, 11. {mahtu} = {maht d[u]}. {m[a]len}, wv. paint, draw. {maln}, sv. VI, grind, 85. {man}, sm. man, 3, 32.1, 45; pr. one, 71. {manb[ae]re}, aj. marriageable. {m[a]ne}, wm. moon. {manen}, wv. urge on, remind, admonish. {manic}, {manec} ({manc}), aj. many, much, 8; pr. many a, 71; {maneger hande}, {slahte}, or {leie}, in many ways, manifoldly; {maneger vil}, very many. {manicvalt}, aj. manifold, variegated. {manl[i]ch}, aj. manly, brave, 5, 10. {mantel}, sm. mantle, 42. {manunge}, sf. exhortation, admonition. {marc}, sf. half pound of gold or silver. {marder}, sm. marten; skin of a marten. {market}, sm. market, 9.2. {marter}, sf. martyr; torture. {m[a][z]e}, sf. measure, manner; moderation, propriety, fitness; {ze einer m[a][z]e}, little, moderate; {ze m[a][z]e}, fairly, sufficiently; {ze rehter m[a][z]e}, to the right length. {m[e]}, {m[e]re}, aj. and av. more, further, 5, 17, 39, 61; as indecl. sb. with gen. more. {meie}, wm. May; spring of the year, 35. {meien}, wv. become May; be joyful, make merry. {meier} ({meiger}), sm. farmer. {meierin}, sf. farmer's wife. {meinen}, wv. mean, mean well, have in view; cause. {meist}, {meiste}, aj. and av. most, greatest, 58, 61. {meister}, sm. master. {meisterschaft}, sf. skill in an art, mastery, order. {meit} = {maget}, 37. {mei[z]en}, sv. VII, cut, 87. {mel} ({-wes}), sn. meal, 36, 46. {melden}, wv. announce, make known; betray. {meldunge}, sf. announcement, 8. {Meljahkanz}, pn. {melken}, sv. III, milk. {mensch(e)}, wsmn. man ('homo'). {menschenbluot}, sn. human blood. {menschlich}, aj. human. {mer}, sn. sea. {m[e]re}, see {m[e]}. {m[e]ren}, wv. increase. {m[e]rer}, {m[e]r(r)e}, aj. more, 58. {merken} (pret. {markte}), wv. observe, perceive, understand. {merze}, wm. March. {messe}, sf. mass; {messez[i]t}, sf. time for mass. {mete}, sm. mead, 43. {mett[i]ne}, sf. matins, primes. {me[zz]en}, sv. V, measure, 32.1, 32.4, 83. {me[zz]er}, sn. knife. {michel}, aj. great; {michels}, av. by far, 55, 58. {m[i]den}, sv. I, avoid, shun, do without, 30, 76. {miete}, sf. pay, reward, present, 5, 11. {milch}, sf. milk, 9.1. {milt} ({-des}), aj. generous; av. {miltl[i]che}, {miltecl[i]che}. {milte}, aj. generous, bounteous. {milte}, sf. liberality, generosity; grace, favour. {min}, av. less, 61. {m[i]n}, pr. my, 67. {minne}, sf. love; loving memory, remembrance. {minnecl[i]ch}, aj. dear, lovely, loving, kind. {minnen}, wv. love, value, 92. {minner}, {minre}, {min}, aj. and av. less, 9.3, 57, 58; as indecl. sb. with gen. less. {minnest}, {min(ne)ste}, aj. and av. least, 9.5, 57, 58, 61. {mirs} = {mir es}. {miselsuht}, sf. leprosy. {misl[i]ch}, aj. sundry, uneven, different. {misselingen}, sv. III, not to succeed. {missesagen}, wv. deceive, lie. {misset[a]t}, sf. misdeed, offence. {missewende}, sf. mistake, fault, blot. {mist}, sm. dung, dirt. {mit}, {mite}, prep. and av. with, by, through, 9.6; {mit sorgen}, sorrowfully; {mit triuwen}, faithful, faithfully; {mit willen}, gladly, willingly; {mit witze}, reasonably, sensibly, cleverly, prudently, wisely; {mit zuhten}, politely. {mitte}, aj. middle; av. {mitten}. {morgen} ({morne}), sm. morning, 42; {des morgens}, in the morning. {mortl[i]ch}, aj. murderous; av. {mortl[i]che}. {mortmeile}, aj. blood-stained, blood-guilty. {motte}, swf. moth, 24. {muedinc}, sm. unhappy man, 8. {muel[i]ch}, aj. and av. painful, troublesome. {muen} ({muejen}, {muewen}), wv. torment, trouble, distress, grieve, 35, 90. {mueterl[i]ch}, aj. motherly. {mueterl[i]n}, sn. little mother, 10. {mue[z]en}, pret.-pres. (pres. sing. {muo[z]}, pret. {muoste}, {muose}), must, 28, 93. {mue[z]ic}, aj. idle, at leisure. {mug(e)lich}, aj. possible. {mugen}, {mugen}, {magen}, {megen} (pres. sing. {mac}, pret. {mohte}, pret. subj. {mohte}), pret.-pres. may, can, 10, 11, 28, 93. {mugge}, {mugge} ({mucke}, {mucke}), wf. midge, fly, 10 note 3, 20. {mul}, sf. mill. {m[u]l}, sn. mule. {munich}, sm. monk. {munster}, sn. minster. {munt} ({-des}), sm. mouth. {muot}, sm. sense, mind, spirits, mood, feeling, courage, disposition, sentiment; {r[i]ches muotes werden}, be in good spirits. {muoten}, wv. c. gen. desire, long for. {muoter}, sf. mother, 10, 11, 49.

N

{nac} ({-ckes}), sm. back part of the head. {n[a]ch}, prep. after, according to, on account of, at, for, to, 34; {nach dem guote}, about wealth or money; {n[a]ch [e]ren}, honourably; {n[a]ch s[i]nen beinen}, made to fit his legs; {n[a]ch wunsche}, to perfection, all that one could wish for; {vil n[a]ch}, nearly. {nacket}, aj. naked. {nagel}, sm. nail, 9.2, 44. {nagen}, sv. VI, gnaw, 85. {n[a]he} ({n[a]ch}), av. near, nigh, 34; {n[a]he tragen}, take to heart; {n[a]he g[a]n}, go closely, touch; {n[a]hen}, near by. {n[a]hen}, wv. draw near, come near, approach, be near. {n[a]hgeb[u]re}, wm. neighbour. {naht}, sf. night, 19, 49; av. {nahtes}, by night. {nahtigale}, {nahtegal(e)}, sf. nightingale. {nam(e)}, wm. name, position, 3, 9.1, 9.4. {namen}, wv. name, 92. {napf}, sm. basin, 31. {nar}, sf. food, 48. {n[a]t}, sf. seam. {na[z]} ({-[zz]es}), aj. wet, 31.3. {ne}, {n'}, neg. particle, generally used before the verb with and without {niht}, not, 108. {nebel}, sm. fog, mist, {nehein}, pr. no, none, 71. {neigen}, wv. bow, bend down. {nei[z]wer}, pr. anyone, 70. {nemen}, sv. IV, take; c. dat. pers. take away, rob, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 14.2, 74, 82. {nennen}, wv. name, mention the name of, 32.2, 40, 90. {nern} ({nerigen}, {nerjen}), wv. nourish, rescue, keep alive, refl. subsist on, 9.1, 30, 35, 90. {nest}, {nest}, sn. nest, 11. {netze}, sn. net, 46. {netzen}, wv. make wet, 31.3. {neve}, wm. nephew, 33. {n[i]den}, sv. I, hate, envy, 76. {nider}, av. down; {sich nider la[z]en}, settle, establish oneself. {n[i]det[a]t}, sf. spiteful action. {nie}, av. never. {nieman}, {niemen}, pr. nobody, no one, 71. {niem[e]r} ({niemer}, {nimer}, {nimmer}), av. never. {niender}, av. by no means. {niene}, av. not, not at all. {niesen}, sv. II, sneeze, 78. {nieten} (refl. with gen.), wv. be eager or zealous for. {nie[z]en} = {genie[z]en}. {niftel}, sf. niece, 33. {niht}, {nieht}, {niet}, av. not; pr. nothing, 71; indecl. sb. c. gen. nothing. {nine} = {niene}, not at all. {n[i]t} ({-des}), sm. hatred, anger, hostility. {niun}, num. nine, 62. {niunte} ({-de}), num. ninth, 62. {niunzehen}, num. nineteen, 62. {niunzehende}, num. nineteenth, 62. {niunzic} ({-ec}), num. ninety, 62. {niunzigeste}, ninetieth, 62. {niuwan} ({niwan}, {niuwen}), av. nothing but, only; cj. except, except that. {niuwe}, aj. new, 16 note, 55. {niuwet}, av. not. {noch}, av. still; {noch en noch}, neither—nor. {Norg[a]ls}, pn. the country belonging to Herzeloyde. {n[o]t}, sf. need, danger, trouble, distress. {n[o]thaft}, aj. needy, poor, {n[o]tic}, aj. in distress, hasty. {n[o]tnunft}, sf. abduction by violence. {n[u]} ({nu}), av. now; {nu wol dan}, well then be off there! {nutz} ({nuz}), sm. use, advantage. {nutze}, aj. useful. {nutzen}, {nutzen}, wv. to use, 10 note 3.

O

{ob}, {obe}, {op}, prep. and av. over, above; conj. if, in case that, whether, 9.6. {oben} ({e}), av. from above, above. {ober}, aj. upper, 59. {oberste}, {oberist}, {oberest}, aj. highest, uppermost, 8, 59. {oder}, {ode}, conj. or. {offen}, aj. and av. open, 23.1. {offenb[a]re}, av. openly. {ofte}, av. often. {ohse}, wm. ox. {opfer}, sn. offering. {orden}, sm. order, rule; rank; {r[i]ters orden}, knightly order. {ordenunge}, sf. order, rule. {[o]re}, wn. ear, 5, 11, 50. {op} = {ob}. {[O]sterr[i]ch}, pn. Austria. {ot}, see {eht}. {ouch}, {ŏch}, av. also; henceforward. {ouge}, wn. eye, 3, 5, 11, 50. {ougen}, wv. show, 10, 90. {ougenweide}, sf. delight of the eyes, sight, appearance. {ouw[e]}, sf. water; meadow, 10. {ow[e]}, {ouw[e]}, {ŏw[i]}, interj. woe! alas! ah!; {ow[e] mir m[i]nes leides!} alas! for my grief; {[o]w[i] wan}, used to express a wish: would that; {ow[e] des}, alas for that! {[o]wol}, interj. well!

P

{palas}, sn. hall. {paradys}, sn. paradise. {pfaffe}, wm. priest. {pfeller}, {pfellel}, sm. carpet, silk cloth. {pfennic}, {pfenninc} ({-ges}), sm. penny, 29. {pfert} ({-des}), sn. horse. {pflege}, sf. care, fostering. {pflegen} ({phlegen}), sv. V, be accustomed, use, practise, care for, 83. {pfluoc}, {phluoc} ({-ges}), sm. plough; ploughman. {pfunt}, sn. pound, 23.2. {phat} ({-des}), smn. path, footway. {phel} ({phelle}) = {pfeller}. {Philip}, {Philippes} (dat. {Philippe}), pn. Philip. {phleger}, sm. guardian, protector. {pin} = {bin}. {p[i]nen} (with {sich} and {[u]f}), wv. exert oneself for. {pl[a]n}, smf., {pl[a]ne}, sf. plain, open space, meadow. {plan[e]te}, wm. planet. {porte}, sf. door, gate. {porten[ae]re}, sm. porter, door-keeper. {predige}, wf. sermon. {pr[i]s}, sm. praise, renown, reputation; price. {pr[i]sen}, wv. value, praise, extol. {proph[e]te}, wm. prophet. {prustel[i]n}, sn. breast, chest.

Q

{qu[a]le} ({k[a]le}), sf. torture, 36. {quec} ({kec}), aj. quick, alive, 19, 36. {queden}, sv. V, say, 19, 36. {querder} ({korder}, {korder}), smn. bait, 36. {quicken} ({kucken}), wv. enliven, 36. {qu[i]st} = {quides(t)}, 37.

R

{rabe}, wm. raven, 31.1. {r[a]che}, sf. revenge, punishment. {ragen}, wv. strike, knock, hit. {rappe}, wm. raven, 31.1. {rasch} ({rasche}), aj. quick, 55. {rat} ({-des}), sn. wheel, 47. {r[a]t}, sm. (pl. {r[ae]te}), advice, care, resolution; {r[a]t werden}, be helped. {r[a]ten}, sv. VII, advise, devise, 87. {r[e]} ({-wes}), smn. corpse; bier, hearse, 42, 46. {rechen}, sv. IV, avenge, punish. {rede}, sf. speech, answer, story, saying. {regen}, sm. rain, 42. {reht}, aj. and sn. right, proper, just; right, duty, law. {rehte}, av. rightly, properly; very. {reine}, {rein}, aj. pure, spotless, perfect, 55. {reise}, sf. journey, march. {rei[z]en}, wv. irritate; entice, allure. {rennen}, wv. run, 90. {ribbal[i]n}, sn. foot-covering, shoe. {r[i]ben}, sv. I, rub, 76. {r[i]ch}, {r[i]che}, aj. powerful, mighty, noble, great, fine, rich, free, 55. {r[i]che}, sn. kingdom. {r[i]cheit}, sf. wealth, power. {r[i]chen}, wv. make rich, enrich, present with. {r[i]chsen}, wv. rule, 9.2. {riechen}, sv. II, smell, 78. {r[i]fe}, wm. hoar-frost. {rigel}, sm. bolt, bar. {rihten}, wv. put right, confirm, judge; refl. get up. {rinc} ({-ges}), sm. ring. {ringe}, aj. easy, light, small; consumed. {ringen}, sv. III, strive, struggle; busy oneself, wrestle; {ringen n[a]ch}, strive for or after. {rinnen}, sv. III, run, 20, 31, 32.1, 81. {rint} (pl. {rinder}), sn. cow, heifer. {r[i]sen}, sv. I, fall, 30, 76. {r[i]ten}, sv. I, ride, 76. {r[i]ter}, {ritter}, sm. rider; knight, the name of knight. {r[i]terl[i]ch}, aj. knightly. {r[i]terschaft}, sf. knighthood, customs and manners of knights. {ritterl[i]chen}, av. in knightly manner. {riuschen}, wv. rush, move noisily. {riuten}, wv. root out, clear the land, bring the land into cultivation. {riuwe}, sf. sadness, grief, pity, regret, 16 note. {riuwen}, wv. grieve, grieve for, regret. {riuwen}, sv. II, pain, grieve, regret, 16 note, 78. {riuwic}, aj. sorrowful, repentant. {rivier}, sm. brook, stream. {rocke}, {rogge}, wm. rye, 31.1. {R[o]me}, pn. Rome. {r[o]r}, sn. reed. {ros}, sn. horse. {r[o]t}, aj. red, 19. {rouben}, wv. rob. {rouch}, sm. smoke. {roufen}, wv. pluck, pull up, pull at, lug; refl. tear or pull out one's hair. {roup} ({-bes}), sm. robbery; {roubes}, av. by robbery. {r[u]ch}, aj. raw; coarse. {rucke}, {rugge}, swm. back. {ruejen}, wv. row, 90. {ruemen}, wv. praise, commend. {rueren} (pret. {ruorte}), wv. drive, urge on; with {ros} understood: run. {r[u]m}, sm. room, 11. {r[u]men}, wv. make room, 10, 40. {ruochen}, wv. trouble oneself about a thing, observe; with gen. deign, will, wish. {ruofen}, sv. VII, call, 5, 11, 87.

S

{s[a]}, {s[a]n}, av. presently, at once, forthwith, immediately, quickly. {sache}, sf. thing. {sactuoch}, sn. sacking, sackcloth. {s[ae]jen}, {s[ae]wen}, {s[ae]n}, sow, 10, 35, 90. {s[ae]lde}, sf. happiness, good fortune, excellence, blessedness, 9.2. {s[ae]lic}, {s[ae]lec} ({-ges}), aj. blessed, happy, 7, 8. {s[ae]likeit}, sf. blessedness. {sage}, sf. saying, statement, report; {n[a]ch sage}, by hear-say. {sagen}, wv. say, tell, 37, 92; {sagen m[ae]re}, relate what has happened. {sal}, sm. room, hall; house. {salben}, wv. anoint. {Salom[o]n}, sm. Solomon. {salz}, sn. salt, 23.2. {salzen}, sv. VII, salt, 87. {same}, {sam}, av. so, as, like, just as, even as, 69. {sam[i]t}, sm. velvet. {samt}, av. together. {s[a]n}, see {s[a]}. {sanc} ({-ges}), sm. song, singing. {sanfte}, av. softly, slowly, pleasantly, 60. {sant} ({-des}), sm. sand, 42. {sant(e)}, aj. holy; holy one. {sarc}, sm. coffin. {sarken}, {serken}, wv. put into the coffin. {s[a]t}, sf. seed, 5, 11. {satzt(e)}, pret. of {setzen}. {s[a][z]e}, sf. ambush, trap, snare. {sazte}, pret. of {setzen}. {sch[a]ch[ae]re}, sm. robber. {schade}, wm. injury, loss. {schaden} (pret. {schadete}, {sch[a]te}), wv. injure, harm. {sch[a]f}, sn. sheep. {schaffen}, sv. VI, create, exercise, institute, 85. {schaffen}, wv. do, perform, provide. {schal} ({-lles}), sm. sound, noise, loud tone; singing. {schalchaft}, aj. malicious, mischievous. {schallen}, wv. be noisy; bluster; exult, boast, swagger. {schame}, wf. shame. {schamelich}, aj. shameful, 10. {schamen}, wv. shame; c. gen. be ashamed, 9.4. {schande}, sf. disgrace, disgracefulness, shamefulness, shameful or disgraceful act. {schapel}, sn. garland, 46. {schar}, sf. crowd, flock, 48. {scharpf}, aj. sharp. {schart}, aj. jagged, hacked, hewn, battered. {schate} (gen. {schat(e)wes}), sm. shade, shadow, 36, 43. {schaz} (gen. {schatzes}), sm. treasure, 19, 23.2. {schedel[i]che}, av. injuriously. {scheiden}, sv. VII, sever, separate, deprive; go away, 87; {sich scheiden}, come to an end, be decided. {schelch} (gen. {schelhes}), aj. askew, 34. {schelle}, wf. little bell. {schelten}, sv. III, abuse, revile, mock, 81; also as sn. {schemel[i]ch}, aj. disgraceful. {schepfen} (pret. {schuof}, pp. {geschaffen}), sv. VI, create, 23.2, 28, 31.3. {schepf[ae]re}, {schepfer}, sm. creator, 8. {schern}, sv. IV, shear, 82. {schicken} (with acc.), wv. become, suit, fit. {schieben}, sv. II, shove, 78. {schiere}, av. quickly, soon. {schie[z]en}, sv. II, shoot; sn. shooting, 10 note 3, 78. {schif} ({-ffes}), sn. ship, 19, 32.1. {schilt} ({-des}), sm. shield, protection; {schildes ambet}, knight-service, chivalry. {schimpfen}, wv. make fun of, jest; also as sn. {sch[i]n}, aj. visible, clear; {sch[i]n tuon}, make clear, show; sm. splendour. {sch[i]nen}, sv. I, shine, become evident or manifest, 76. {schirmen}, wv. c. dat. protect. {schiuhen}, wv. fear, shun. {sch[oe]nde}, sf. beauty. {sch[oe]ne}, aj. beautiful, fine, 3, 5, 9.2, 55, 60. {sch[oe]ne}, sf. beauty, 3, 48. {sch[oe]nen}, wv. make beautiful. {sch[o]ne}, av. beautifully, 60. {schouwen}, wv. see, behold, look, inspect, survey. {schrecken}, sv. IV, frighten, 82. {schr[i]b[ae]re}, sm. scribe, 8. {schr[i]ben}, sv. I, write, 5, 76. {schr[i]en} ({scr[i]en}), sv. I, cry, cry out, scream; croak, 77; also as sn. {schrift}, sf. writing (Bible). {schr[i]n}, sm. box. {schrinden}, sv. III, split, 81. {schrit}, sm. step, 44. {schrunde}, wf. scratch, tear, slit. {sch[u]ften}, wv. gallop, canter. {schulde}, sf. reason, cause; {von welhen schulden}, wherefore. {schuldic} ({-ec}), aj. guilty, 10 note 1; {schuldic s[i]n}, owe. {schuoch} (gen. {schuohes}), sm. shoe, 34. {schupfen}, {schupfen}, wv. push, 10 note 3. {schuz} ({-tzes}), sm. protection. {se} = {sie}. {s[e]} ({-wes}), sm. sea, lake, 3, 42. {segenen}, wv. bless, 90. {sehen}, sv. V, see, look, 9.4 note, 34, 74 note, 83. {sehs}, num. six, 62. {sehste}, num. sixth, 62. {seh(s)zehen}, num. sixteen, 62. {seh(s)zehende}, num. sixteenth, 62. {seh(s)zic} ({-ec}), num. sixty, 62. {seh(s)zigeste}, num. sixtieth, 62. {seist} = {sages(t)}, 37. {seit} = {saget}, 37. {seite}, wm. string. {seite} = {sagete}. {seitenspil}, sn. playing of stringed instrument. {sele}, sf. soul, 5, 11, 17, 48. {seln}, wv. hand over, 90. {selp} ({-bes}), pr. self. {selten}, av. seldom. {selts[ae]ne}, aj. rare, strange. {senden} (pret. {sante}), wv. send, 32.3, 40, 90. {senede}, {sende}, pp. of {senen}, painfully longing, yearning, love-sick, 29. {senen}, wv. refl. fret oneself, be sick at heart. {senfte}, sf. softening. {senfte}, aj. soft, gentle, tender, mild, easy; quiet, 55, 60. {senften}, wv. appease, soften. {senken}, wv. sink, 19, 90. {s[e]r}, snm. pain; grief, trouble; sore. {s[e]re}, av. sorely, violently; very. {setzen} (pret. {satzte}), wv. put, set, place, appoint, 19, 23.1, 31.3, 90. {si}, {s[i]}, {siu}, {sie}, pr. she, 65. {siben}, num. seven, 62. {sibende}, num. seventh, 62. {sibenzehen}, num. seventeen, 62. {sibenzehende}, num. seventeenth, 62. {sibenzic} ({-ec}), seventy, 62. {sibenzigste}, seventieth, 62. {sich}, refl. pr. himself, themselves, 66. {sicherheit}, sf. assurance. {sicherl[i]ch(e)}, av. certainly, surely, assuredly, 8. {s[i]de}, sf. silk. {sider}, av. since, afterwards. {siech}, aj. sick, ill, 5. {siecheit}, sf., {siechtuom}, sm. sickness. {sieden}, sv. II, seethe, 12, 18, 78. {S[i]frit}, pn., 54. {sige} ({sic}), sm. victory, 43. {s[i]gen}, sv. I, sink, 76. {sigenunft}, sf. victory. {s[i]hte}, aj. shallow. {silber}, sn. silver. {sim} = {si im}. {sin}, sm. sense, mind, feeling; courage. {s[i]n}, pr. his; {s[i]n selbes}, of himself, 5, 11, 67. {s[i]n}, anom. v. be, 97. {sin} = {si in}. {sincw[i]se}, sf. song. {singen}, sv. III, sing; also as sn. song, lay, 10 note 2, 33, 81. {sinken}, sv. III, sink, 23.2, 81. {sinne}, sf. sense, mind; {ze sinne wider komen}, recover consciousness, become conscious again. {sinnecl[i]ch}, aj. sensible, reasonable. {sinnel[o]s}, aj. unconscious. {sinnen}, sv. III, reflect, 81. {sint} = {s[i]t}. {sippe} ({sibbe}), sf. consanguinity, relationship, 26, 31.3. {s[i]t} ({s[i]d}, {sint}), av. and conj. afterwards, since, because. {site}, sm. custom, habit; bearing, demeanour, behaviour, 43. {s[i]te}, swf. side. {sitzen} (pret. {sa[z]}, pp. {gese[zz]en}), sit, 14.2, 23.2, 31.3, 84. {si[z]} = {s[i] e[z]}. {slac} ({-ges}), sm. blow; misfortune, 44. {sl[a]f}, sm. sleep. {sl[a]fen}, sv. VII, sleep, 5, 11, 19, 23.1, 74 note, 87. {slahen}, sv. VI, beat, strike, slay, 10, 30, 85. {slahte}, sf. manner; race. {sleht}, aj. straight; straight-forward, honest. {slie[z]en}, sv. II, close, shut. {smac} ({-ckes}), sm. taste, smell. {sm[a]cheit}, sf. shameful treatment. {sm[ae]he}, aj. little, despicable, disgusting. {smal}, aj. small, little. {smecken}, wv. taste, 90. {smer} ({-wes}), smn. fat, 36, 47. {smerze}, wm. pain, 19. {smiegen}, sv. II, bend, incline; press close. {smielen}, wv. smile. {smirwen}, wv. smear, 36. {smit} ({-des}), sm. smith, metal worker, goldsmith. {smitte}, swf. smithy, 24. {sn[e]} ({-wes}), sm. snow, 17, 36, 42. {snel} ({-lles}), aj. quick, eager, alert; blithe. {snelheit}, sf. haste, quickness. {sn[i]den}, sv. I, cut, injure, wound, 11, 12, 17, 30, 76. {snit}, sm. cut, slice, 44. {snuor} (pl. {snuere}), sf. string. {s[o]}, {so}, av. and conj. as, so, if, whereas, on the other hand, thus, as it was, 69. {solch}, {solch} ({solich}), pr. such, of such a nature, 71. {solden[ae]re}, sm. hired soldier, mercenary. {solt} ({-des}), sm. pay. {Solt[a]ne}, pn. {soltu} = {solt d[u]}. {son} = {so ne}. {sorge}, swf. care, grief, sorrow. {sorgel[o]s}, aj. free from cares. {sorgen}, wv. be anxious, fear, dread. {sp[a]he}, av. elegantly, neatly. {spalten}, sv. VII, split, 87. {sp[a]n}, sm. chip, shaving; notched stick, tally; degree of relationship. {spanen}, sv. VI, entice, 85. {spange}, swf. clasp, buckle. {spannen}, sv. VII, span, 87. {sparn}, wv. spare, forbear. {spehen}, wv. look at, observe. {sper}, sn. spear, lance. {spiegel}, sm. mirror, looking-glass; model, pattern. {spiegelglas}, sn. lovely image, picture. {spil}, sn. game, play; joke, fun; pleasure, delight. {spiln} (pres. part. {spilende}, {spilede}), wv. play; glitter, glisten, 90. {spinnen}, sv. III, spin, 81. {sp[i]se}, sf. food. {sp[i]wen}, sv. I, vomit, 17, 77. {spore}, {spor}, wm. spur. {spot}, sm. scoff, scorn, mockery; joke, fun; {[a]ne spot}, sincerely, candidly. {spotten}, wv. (with gen.), mock, scoff at, scorn. {sprechen}, sv. IV, speak, say, talk, 9.4 note, 19, 23.1, 82. {spreiten}, wv. spread. {springen}, sv. III, spring, leap. {st[ae]te}, sf. duration, continuance, constancy, steadfastness. {st[ae]te}, aj. constant, firm, steadfast; av. {st[ae]tecl[i]chen}. {st[ae]tekeit}, {st[ae]tikeit}, sf. firmness, constancy. {stahel}, sm. steel. {stam} ({-mmes}), sm. stem; prop, model. {st[a]n}, {st[e]n}, sv. VI, stand; befit, become, suit, 11, 86, 96. {stap} ({-bes}), sm. stick, staff. {starc}, aj. strong, heavy, hard, severe; av. {starke}. {stat}, sf. abode, place, spot; opportunity. {state}, sf. suitable or comfortable place; opportunity; {ze staten komen}, help. {stechen}, sv. IV, prick, 9.4 note, 82. {stegreif}, sm. stirrup. {stein}, sm. stone, precious stone, grindstone, millstone, 3, 17. {steln}, sv. IV, steal, 9.1, 11, 74 note, 82. {stellen}, wv. place, 90. {sterben}, sv. III, die, 10 note 1, 81; sn. dying, death. {sterke}, sf. strength, bravery. {sterne}, wm. star. {st[i]c} ({-ges}), sm. path, way. {stich}, sm. stab, thrust. {st[i]gen}, sv. I, rise, mount, {stille}, aj. still, quiet, secret. {stimme}, sf. voice. {stinken} (pret. {stanc}), sv. III, stink, exhale a disagreeable odour. {stiure}, sf. gift, tax. {st[oe]ren}, wv. hinder, overthrow, destroy. {st[o]le}, sf. stole, surplice. {stolz}, aj. stately. {stoup} ({-bes}), sm. dust. {st[o][z]en}, sv. VII, push, shove, thrust, 5, 11, 87. {str[a]fen}, wv. blame, set right. {str[a][z]e}, swf. way, road, {streben}, sv. V, exert oneself, strive. {strenge}, aj. strict, unfriendly. {str[i]chen}, sv. I, strike, stroke, rub. {str[i]t}, sm. strife, quarrel, fight. {str[i]tecl[i]chen}, av. eagerly, zealously. {str[i]ten}, sv. I, quarrel, fight, strive, 76. {str[o]} ({-wes}), sn. straw; blade, stalk, 36, 46. {strouwen}, {strouwen}, wv. strew, 10, 36. {stucke}, sn. piece. {stum}, aj. dumb, 32.1. {stunde}, sf. hour, time. {stunt}, indecl. fem. time. {stuol}, sm. seat of a judge, papal power; throne. {sturm}, sm. fight, battle. {s[u]}, sf. sow, pig, 49. {sue[z]e}, aj. sweet, lovely, 60. {sue[z]e}, sf. loveliness, alluring enticement. {sue[z]en}, wv. sweeten, 90. {s[u]fen}, sv. II, gulp down liquids, 80. {s[u]ft}, sm. sigh, groan. {s[u]gen}, sv. II, suck, 80. {suln}, {suln}, pret.-pres. (pres. {sol},pret. {solte}, should, ought), shall, 40, 93. {sum}, pr. any one at all; pl. some, 71. {sumel[i]ch}, pr. many a, whoever; pl. some, 71. {s[u]men}, wv. tarry, 10. {sumer}, sm. summer, 42. {sumerl[i]ch}, aj. summerlike. {sumerz[i]t}, sf. summer time. {sun}, sm. son, 5, 9.4, 10, 19, 44. {sunde}, sf. sin. {sunder}, prep. without, against; {sunder spot}, seriously, in earnest; av. {sunderl[i]che(n)}, especially, separately. {sunne}, wmf. sun. {suochen}, wv. seek, 90. {suone}, sf. atonement. {suon(e)tac} ({-ges}), sm. day of judgement. {suo[z]e}, av. sweetly, 60. {sus} ({sust}), av. so, thus, in such a way. {sw[a]}, {swar}, av. wherever, 69. {swach(e)}, aj. worthless, bad. {swacheit}, sf. dishonour, disgrace. {swachen}, wv. weaken. {swachl[i]ch}, aj. weak. {sw[-ae]re}, aj. painful, sad, unpleasant, burdensome; weighty, heavy, 60; {da[z] sw[ae]re}, such a weight. {sw[ae]re}, sf. burden, trouble, grief, sadness. {swanc} ({-ges}, {-kes}), sm. swinging movement, hurling, throwing. {swannen}, {swanne}, av. and conj. whenever, 69. {swar}, see {sw[a]}. {sw[a]r} ({sw[ae]re}), aj. heavy, 55; av. {sw[a]re}, 60. {swarz}, aj. black. {sweben}, wv. hover, move to and fro. {sweder}, pr. who of two, 69. {sweher}, sm. father-in-law, 30. {sweifen}, sv. VII, rove, 87. {swelch} ({swel}), pr. each who, whoever, what sort, whatever, 69, 71. {swellen}, sv. III, swell, 81. {swenne} (see {swannen}), conj. whenever, if, whilst, 69. {swer}, pr. who, whoever, whosoever; neut. {swa[z]}, 69, 70, 71. {swern} ({swerigen}, {swerjen}), sv. VI, swear, 35, 86. {swert}, sn. sword. {swertslac} (pl. {-slege}), sm. sword-cut. {swester}, {swester}, sf. sister, 11, 48. {swie}, av. and conj., as, how, however, howsoever; though, 69. {sw[i]gen}, sv. I, be silent, keep silent, 76. {swiger}, sf. mother-in-law, 30. {swimmen}, sv. III, swim, 31, 81. {swinde}, aj. powerful, strong, angry; av. quickly. {swinden}, sv. III, vanish, disappear. {swingen}, sv. III, swing.

T

{tac} ({-ges}), sm. day, 5, 11, 33, 42; av. {tages}, by day. {tagel[i]ch}, aj. daily, 5, 10. {tagen}, wv. become day, dawn. {tagez[i]t}, sf. space of a day. {tal} (pl. {teler}), sn. dale, 47. {tanz}, sm. dance. {tanzen}, wv. dance. {tanzw[i]se}, sf. a song which is sung to the accompaniment of dancing. {teil}, smn. portion; {ein teil}, something, a little. {teilen}, wv. divide, distribute. {tief}, aj. deep, 15, 19. {tier}, sn. animal. {tisch}, sm. table. {tiure}, {tiuwer}, aj. and av. dear, precious; noble, excellent, 9.3, 57. {tiuren}, {tiuwern}, wv. esteem highly, honour, confer honour. {tiutsch}, {tiusch}, aj. German; {tiuschiu zunge}, German language, Germany. {tiuvel}, sm. devil. {t[oe]risch}, {t[oe]rsch}, aj. foolish, silly. {t[oe]tl[i]ch}, aj. deadly. {tohter}, sf. daughter, 10, 25, 49. {tohterl[i]n}, sn. little daughter, 10. {tor}, sn. gate, door. {t[o]re}, {t[o]r}, wm. fool. {torperheit}, sf. impoliteness, vulgarity. {t[o]t}, aj. dead, 3, 25, 30. {t[o]t} ({-des}), sm. death, 5, 11, 30, 33; {in dem t[o]de sweben}, be on the peril of losing one's life. {tou} ({-wes}), sn. dew, 46. {toufen}, wv. baptize, 10. {tougen}, sfn. secret, wonder; aj. dark, secret; av. secretly, 55. {tougenl[i]ch}, aj. secret; av. {tougenl[i]che}. {tr[ae]ge}, aj. slow, weary, lazy; av. {tr[a]ge}. {tragen}, sv. VI, bear, carry; wear; have, 85. {trahen} (pl. {trehene}), sm. drop, tear. {trahten}, wv. think, strive, 92. {treffen}, sv. IV, hit, 32, 82. {treit} = {traget}. {treten}, sv. V, tread, step, enter, 83; {treten hinder sich}, step back. {tretten}, wv. tread, 31.3. {tr[i]ben}, sv. I, drive; play, carry on, 76. {triefen}, sv. II, drop, drip, 31.1, 78. {triegen}, sv. II, deceive, plot, intrigue. {trinken}, sv. III, drink, 19, 81. {triuten}, wv. caress, like, love; greet. {triuwe}, aj. true, 16 note; sf. fidelity, faithfulness; {mit triuwen} ({triwen}), faithfully. {triuwen}, {tr[u]wen}, wv. believe, trust, hope, 16 note. {tr[oe]stel[i]n}, sn. consolation, hope. {tr[oe]sten}, wv. console, comfort; help. {tropfe}, wm. drop, 31.3. {tr[o]st}, sm. consolation, hope. {troum}, sm. dream. {troumen}, wv. dream, 10. {truebe}, aj. gloomy. {truebsal}, sn. gloom, 8. {tr[u]rec}, aj. sad; av. {tr[u]recl[i]che}. {tr[u]ren}, wv. mourn, be sad, downcast; also sn. {tr[u]t}, aj. dear, beloved. {tr[u]tgemahele}, sf. bride. {tugen}, {tugen}, pret.-pres. (pres. {touc}, pret. {tohte}), be fit for, good for, of use, 93. {tugenhaft}, aj. fit, hearty, noble. {tugent}, {tugende}, sf. virtue, good qualities, strength, power, valour, 49. {tugentl[i]chen}, av. with noble demeanour. {tump} ({-bes}), aj. inexperienced, silly, young. {tumpheit}, sf. folly, foolish action; inexperience; {tumpheit walten}, show or have great inexperience. {tunkel}, aj. dark. {tuon}, anom. v. do, make, form, shape; cause, 94; {tuon enblecken}, cause to become visible; {ze leide tuon}, cause grief, pain, or injury to; {wer h[a]t dir get[a]n?} who has done anything to you?; {als ein got get[a]n}, like a god. {tur}, sf. door. {Turkent[a]ls}, pn. one of Parzival's princes. {turren}, {turren}, pret.-pres. (pres. {tar}, pret. {torste}), dare, venture, 10, 93. {t[u]senste}, num. thousandth, 62. {t[u]sent}, num. thousand, 5, 62, 64. {twahen} (pret. {twuoc}), sv. VI, wash, 85. {twerch} (gen. {twerhes}), askew, 34. {twingen}, sv. III, compel, force, subdue, overcome; {sich twingen l[a][z]en}, let oneself be compelled.

U

{ubel}, aj. evil, bad, 55, 58, 60; av. {ubele}. {uber}, prep. over, because of, for. {ubergr[o][z]}, aj. very great. {ubergulde}, sn. gilding, raising of value. {ubergulde}, sf. that which surpasses something else in value. {uberm[ae][z]l[i]chen}, av. beyond measure. {ubermuete}, sf. insolence, haughtiness. {ubermuot}, sm. haughtiness, insolence. {ubern} = {uber den}, 68 note 2. {ubersehen}, sv. V, overlook, not observe. {uberstr[i]ten}, sv. I, gain the victory over, conquer. {ubertragen}, sv. VI, spare, discharge something. {uberwinden}, sv. III, overcome, get over. {[u]f}, {[u]fe}, prep. and av. up, up to, on, to, upwards, 23.1; {[u]f gen[a]de}, in firm confidence; {[u]f die triwe m[i]n}, upon my faith or troth; {[u]f slie[z]en}, open. {[u]fem}, {[u]fme} = {[u]f dem}, 68 note 2. {[u]fen} = {[u]f den}, 68 note 2. {Ulterlec}, pn. {umbe}, {umbe}, {umb}, {um}, prep. and av. about, around, upon, for, 10 note 2; {dar umbe}, therefore; {umbe sust}, for nothing; {um wa[z]}, why, for what reason; {umbe da[z]}, on account of that, for that, therefore; {umbe g[a]n}, turn or go round. {umbeslie[z]en}, sv. II, embrace, surround. {umbev[a]hen}, sv. VII, embrace. {unbewollen}, part. aj. unspotted. {und}, {unde}, {unt}, cj. and av. and; again, on the other hand, 9.6, 69. {unden}, av. below, beneath. {under} ({undr}), prep. under, beneath, between, among; {under in}, among themselves; {under wegen l[a]n}, omit; {under stunden}, at times, now and then, sometimes; {under w[i]len}, from time to time, at times, sometimes. {underl[a][z]}, sm. interruption. {underscheiden}, sv. VII, relate; explain fully. {undersn[i]den}, sv. I, interrupt, intermingle. {underst[a]n}, sv. VI, step in between, hinder. {undert[ae]nic}, aj. humble, subject, submissive. {undert[a]n}, part. aj. humble, submissive. {underwinden}, sv. III, refl. undertake. {unfuoge} (also used as a proper noun), sf. unseemliness, indecorum, misconduct; coarseness. {unfuore}, wf. badness, roughness; wicked mode of life. {ungeb[ae]re}, sf. despairing lamentation. {ungebant}, aj. unbeaten, untrodden. {ungebatten}, aj. useless, worthless. {ungeborn}, part. aj. unborn. {ungeburt}, sf. low birth. {ungefuege}, aj. very great, powerful; bad, unbecoming, coarse, uncouth, rude; av. {ungefuoge}. {ungehabe}, sf. sorrow, grief. {ungel[i]che}, av. immeasurably, incomparably. {ungel[o]net}, aj. unrewarded. {ungelouplich}, aj. incredible. {ungelucke}, sn. misfortune. {ungemach}, sn. misfortune, discomfort, sorrow. {ungemuete}, snf. mourning, grief, sorrow. {ungen[a]de}, sf. disfavour, hatred, harm. {ungen[ae]me}, aj. unpleasant. {ungenesen}, aj. unhealed, uncured. {ungerihte}, sn. fault, crime. {ungerne}, av. unwillingly. {ungesammet}, aj. not united, not unanimous. {ungeschriben}, part. aj. that which cannot be written. {ungestaltheit}, sf. deformity. {ungesunt}, ({-des}), sm. sickness, illness. {unhovesch}, aj. uncourtly, coarse, low, vulgar. {unkraft}, sf. fainting fit, swoon. {unkunt} ({unkuntl[i]ch}), aj. unknown. {unlange}, av. in a short time. {unm[ae]re}, aj. not worth mentioning, little observed, worthless, disgusting; undervalued. {unm[ae][z]l[i]ch}, aj. immoderate, excessive. {unm[a][z]en}, av. immeasurably. {unminnen}, wv. treat in an unloving manner. {unmue[z]ekeit}, sf. work, trouble. {unmugel[i]ch}, aj. impossible. {unmuo[z]e}, sf. occupation, restlessness. {unn[a]ch}, av. by no means. {unn[o]t}, sf. without danger or need. {unrewert} = {unerwert}, part. aj. unprohibited. {unriuwecl[i]che}, av. without trouble or care. {uns[ae]lekeit}, sf. unhappiness; misfortune. {uns[ae]lic} ({-ec}), aj. unhappy, cursed. {unschulde}, sf. innocence. {unschuldigen}, wv. proclaim one's innocence. {unsegel[i]ch}, aj. unspeakable. {unsenfte}, aj. painful, hard. {unser}, pr. our, 7, 67. {unst[ae]te}, aj. inconstant, fickle. {unst[ae]te}, sf. inconstancy, fickleness. {untriuwe}, sf. faithlessness, deceit. {untr[oe]sten}, wv. dishearten, discourage. {untr[o]st}, sm. despondency, discouragement. {untugent}, sf. lack of good training. {unversunnen}, pp. unconscious. {unvr[o]}, {unfr[o]}, aj. unhappy, sad, mournful. {unwandelb[ae]re}, aj. steadfast, unchangeable. {unwendic} ({-ec}), aj. unchangeable. {unwert}, sm. unworthiness, contempt for, scorn. {unw[i]p}, ({-bes}), sn. bad woman; unwomanly creature; unworthy the name of Weib. {unw[i]se}, sf. false tone or sound; bad style. {unze}, {unz}, prep. and conj. till, until, up to, down to, to; {unz her}, hitherto; {unz enmitten an}, right down to. {unzerworht}, aj. undivided, undissected, not cut up. {Uote}, pn. 54. {uppic}, aj. unnecessary, superfluous; proud. {[u][z]}, prep. and av. out, out of, of, from; {[u][z]en}, av.; {[u][z]erwelt}, select, chosen. {[u][z]er}, prep. out of, from. {[u][z]reise}, sf. marching, going out or off; departure; song sung by knights on the march.

V (F) {vadem}, sm. thread, 9.2, 42. {v[a]hen}, {f[a]hen} ({v[a]n}), sv. VII, catch, seize, take, 29, 30, 38, 87. {val} ({-wes}), aj. yellow, 36. {vallen}, sv. VII, fall, fall down, fall to one's lot, 32.4, 87. {valsch}, aj. false, deceitful. {valsch}, sm. fault, spot, impurity, deceit; {valsches la[z]}, free from deceit or falseness. {valten}, sv. VII, fold, 87. {vancnusse}, sf. captivity, 8. {var}, {vare} ({-wes}), aj. coloured; formed, looking. {v[a]ren}, wv. place behind, watch, lie in wait. {varn}, sv. VI, go, fare, betake oneself, 5, 10, 74 note, 85; {varnde[z] guot}, movable property. {vart}, sf. way, march, journey. {varwe}, sf. colour, form, appearance. {vaste}, av. fast, quickly, strongly, firmly; very. {vater}, sm. (pl. {veter}, {vater}), father, 11, 19, 45. {vaterl[i]ch}, aj. fatherly, 10. {vaterl[i]n}, dim. of {vater}, 5, 10. {va[zz]en}, wv. seize, take, gather. {vehten}, sv. IV, fight, 82. {veile}, aj. cheap, purchasable. {vel} ({-lles}), sn. hide, skin, 32.1. {vellen}, wv. fell, kill, 90. {vels}, swm. rock, 11. {velschen}, wv. falsify; make faithless. {velt} ({-des}), sn. field. {venster}, sn. window, 46. {verbergen}, sv. III, hide, conceal. {verbern}, sv. IV, spare, abstain from, forbear, avoid, keep from, give up. {verbieten}, sv. II, forbid, hinder, prevent, obstruct; ward off. {verdagen}, wv. keep secret, conceal. {verderben}, perish, spoil, destroy, 81. {verderbnisse}, sfn. destruction, 8. {verdienen}, wv. deserve, earn. {verdrie[z]en} (impers. c. gen.), sv. III, grieve, fret, vex. {verdringen}, sv. III, crowd out, suppress, displace, push on one side. {vereinen}, wv. refl. unite. {verenden}, wv. end. {vergeben}, sv. V, poison, infect. {vergelten}, sv. III, repay, requite. {verge[zz]en}, sv. V, forget, 83. {vergie[z]en}, sv. II, pour over, sprinkle with water. {verheln}, sv. IV, conceal. {verhouwen} (pret. {-hiu} and {-hie}, also weak {-houte}), sv. VII, hew in pieces, cut asunder. {verjehen}, sv. V, say, tell, relate; give to understand, assure. {verk[e]ren}, wv. change, turn round; destroy. {verkiesen}, sv. II, give up, forgo, forget. {verklagen}, wv. cease to mourn, bear with patience. {verkrenken}, wv. destroy. {verl[a][z]en} ({verl[a]n}), sv. VII, leave off, forsake. {verleiten}, wv. lead astray. {verleschen}, sv. IV, become extinguished, extinguish. {verliesen} ({vliesen}), sv. II, lose, 78. {verligen}, sv. V, miss through sleeping too long, over-sleep. {verlust}, sm. loss. {verm[i]den}, (pp. {vermiten}), sv. I, avoid, omit, not to take place, keep aloof from. {vermischen}, wv. mix, mingle. {vernemen}, sv. IV, perceive, observe, get to know. {verre}, aj. and av. far, far away, distant, 31. {verrihten}, wv. settle, pass sentence upon. {versagen}, wv. refuse, deny. {verschaffen}, sv. VI, do or act in a bad manner, spoil, destroy. {verschulden}, wv. pay back. {versehen}, sv. V, observe, recognize; refl. hope, dread. {versinnen} ({sich}), sv. III, arrive at years of discretion; c. gen. become conscious of. {versm[ae]hel[i]ch}, aj. disgraceful, ignominious. {versm[ae]hen}, wv. despise, mock. {versperren} (pret. {versparte}), wv. shut, close. {versprechen}, sv. IV, decline, spurn. {verst[a]n} ({-st[e]n}), sv. VI, perceive, understand. {verst[o][z]en}, sv. VII, drive away. {vers[u]men}, wv. neglect, let slip, spoil. {versuochen}, wv. try, test. {verswern}, sv. VI, abjure, deny by an oath. {versw[i]gen}, sv. I, forbear talking. {verswinden}, sv. III, disappear, flee. {vertragen}, sv. VI, endure, bear. {vertr[i]ben}, sv. I, drive away, make to pass. {verv[a]hen}, {verf[a]hen}, sv. VII, reach, bring to pass; {mich verv[ae]het}, it is of use or advantage to me. {vervluochen}, {-fluochen}, wv. curse. {verw[a][z]en}, sv. VII, ruin; imprecate, curse. {verwegen}, sv. V, resolve. {verweinen}, wv. exhaust by weeping. {verwunden}, wv. wound. {verwurken} (pret. {-worhte}), wv. lose, forfeit, commit. {verzagen}, wv. lose courage, withdraw, despair, despond. {verzern}, wv. consume; destroy. {veste}, sf. firmness, constancy. {v[i]ant}, {v[i]ent}, {v[i]nt}, sm. enemy, fiend, 8, 42. {vier}, num. four, 62. {vier}, {fier}, aj. proud, stately, majestic, beautiful; av. {viere}. {vierde}, num. fourth, 62. {vierzehen}, num. fourteen, 62. {vierzehende}, num. fourteenth, 62. {vierzic} ({-ec}), num. forty, 62. {vierzigeste}, num. fortieth. {vihe}, sn. cattle, 46. {vil}, aj. much, many; av. very; indecl. sb. c. gen. much, many; {vil w[e]nic ganz} c. gen. not at all complete or whole. {vinden}, {finden}, sv. III, find, 9.4 note, 81. {vinger}, sm. finger. {vingerl[i]n}, {vinger[i]n}, sn. ring, 8. {vingerlinc}, sm. ring. {vinster}, sf. darkness, 48. {vinster}, aj. dark, gloomy, 55. {vinsternisse}, sfn. darkness, 8. {vint} = {vindet}, 74 note. {v[i]nt}, see {v[i]ant}. {v[i]ol}, sm. violet. {virren}, wv. keep away from. {visch}, sm. fish, 11, 19. {viur}, {fiuwer}, sn. fire; lightning. {vl[e]hen}, {fl[e]hen} ({vl[e]n}), wv. beseech, implore, 38. {vlehten}, sv. IV, plait, 82. {fleisch}, sn. flesh. {vliegen}, {fliegen}, sv. II, fly, 10 note 3, 25, 78. {vliehen}, {fliehen}, sv. II, flee, 18, 19, 78. {vliesen} = {verliesen}. {vlie[z]en}, {flie[z]en}, sv. II, flow, swim; ruin, destroy, 10 note 3, 78. {vl[i][z]}, {fl[i][z]}, sm. assiduity, zeal, eagerness, care; {ze fl[i][z]e}, diligently, carefully. {vl[i][z]ec}, aj. diligent, 60.3. {vl[i][z]ecl[i]che(n)}, av. diligently, 60.3. {vluht}, sf. refuge. {fluhtesal}, sf. flight, escape; security. {vluoch} (pl. {vlueche}), sm. curse. {vogel}, sm. bird, 9.2, 42. {vogel[i]n}, {vogel(l)[i]n}, sn. little bird, 8. {vogelsanc}, sm. song of birds. {vol} ({-lles}), aj. full, 15, 31. {volc}, sn. folk, people. {volenden}, wv. bring to an end. {volgen}, wv. follow, accompany. {volgesagen}, wv. tell fully. {volle}, wm. abundance, completeness. {vollebringen} (pret. {-br[a]hte}), wv. perfect, carry out. {vollecl[i]chen}, av. fully, entirely. {volleist}, sm. assistance, succour. {von}, prep. from, away from, with, about, through, by; {von schulden}, rightly, properly. {vonme}, {vomme} = {von deme}. {vor}, prep. before, for. {vorbilde}, sn. pattern, model. {vorder}, aj. former, front, 59. {vordern}, wv. further, 90. {vorderste}, aj. foremost, 59. {vorht}, sf. fear, dread. {vr[a]ge}, sf. question. {vr[a]gen}, wv. ask, 9.2, 92. {fravele}, aj. bold, 10. {frech}, aj. courageous, daring, bold, brave; saucy, impudent. {freischen}, sv. VII, come to know, learn, be told. {vreise}, {freise}, swf. horror, what is dreadful or horrible. {vremde}, {fremde} ({vromde}), aj. strange, wonderful; unknown. {vremen}, wv. perform, 31.3. {vreude}, {vroude}, {froide}, {freude}, {froude}, swf. joy, gladness; {frouden} (gen. pl.) {lam}, bereft of joys, pleasures. {vreudel[o]s}, aj. joyless. {freuder[i]che}, aj. rich in joy, very gratifying. {vreuwen}, {vrewen}, {vreun}, {freuwen}, {frewen}, {freun}, wv. cause to rejoice, rejoice, gladden, give pleasure to, be glad. See {vrouwen}. {vrevel}, sf. audacity, insolence. {frevell[i]chen}, av. insolently, boldly, with impudence. {vre[zz]en}, sv. V, devour, 83. {vr[i]}, aj. free, unrestrained, unmarried. {vride}, {fride}, sm. peace, truce; protection, safety, 3, 19, 43. {vrid(e)lich}, aj. peaceful. {vr[i]e}, sf. freedom. {vr[i]e}, wm. freeman. {fr[i]en}, {fr[i]jen}, {fr[i]gen}, wv. free, 35. {vriesen}, sv. II, freeze, 78. {vrisch}, {frisch}, aj. fresh, new. {vrist}, sf. time. {vristen}, wv. keep alive, protect, rescue. {vriundinne}, sf. female friend, 8, 48. {vriunt}, {friunt}, sm. friend, 42. {vr[o]}, {fr[o]}, aj. and av. glad, joyful. {vr[oe]l[i]ch}, aj. joyful; av. {vr[oe]l[i]chen}. {vromde} = {vremde}. {vromede}, sf. absence. {frosch}, sm. frog. {vrouen}, {vrouwen}, {frowen}, wv. gladden, give pleasure to; be glad, 10. See {vreuwen}. {vrouwe}, {frouwe}, {frowe} ({vrou}, {frou}, {fr[o]}, before proper names), wf. lady, madam, 9.6, 10; {ze frowen}, as wife. {vrouwel[i]n}, {frouwel[i]n}, sn. little girl, maid, miss. {vruht}, sf. fruit. {vrum}, aj. brave, active, excellent, useful. {vrumen}, {frumen}, wv. benefit, be of use or advantage. {vruo}, av. early. {vuegen}, {fuegen}, wv. procure, bring to pass; grant. {vueren}, {fueren} (pret. {fuorte}), wv. lead, carry, remove. {fuhs}, sm. fox, 19. {v[u]l}, aj. bad, rotten. {vulle}, sf. fulness, 15. {fullen}, wv. fill, 90. {funden}, pp. of {finden}. {vunf}, {funf}, {finf}, num. five, 19, 62. {funfte}, {finfte}, num. fifth, 62. {vuoge}, sf. becomingness, decency. {fuore}, sf. manner of life; way of acting. {vuo[z]}, {fuo[z]} (pl. {vue[z]e}), sm. foot, 10, 44. {vur}, {fur}, prep. and av. for, before, over, against; {fur guot haben}, be content with, put up with; {fur iuch}, past you; {fur sie}, past them; {fur t[o]ren kleit}, as fool's clothing; {vur w[a]r}, in truth, truly. {vurba[z]}, {furba[z]}, av. further. {vurhten}, {furhten} (pret. {vorhte}), wv. fear, dread, 15, 90. {vurnames}, av. in the full sense of the word. {vurste}, {furste}, wm. prince; {ein d[i]n furste}, one of thy princes. {vurt}, {furt} (pl. {furte}), sm. ford, bed of a river.

W

{w[a]}, av. where, whither, 39. {w[a]c} ({-ges}), sn. moving water, flood. {wacker}, aj. watchful, 31.2. {w[ae]jen} ({w[ae]n}), wv. blow, 90. {w[ae]enen} (pret. {w[a]nde}), wv. think, fancy, 90. {w[ae]rl[i]chen}, av. in truth, truly. {w[ae]tl[i]ch}, aj. beautiful. {w[ae]tl[i]che}, sf. beauty. {w[a]fen}, sn. weapon, sword. {w[a]fenen}, {w[a]penen}, wv. arm, equip, array. See {w[a]pen}. {wage}, wf. cradle. {w[a]ge}, sf. balance, scale. {wagen}, sm. wagon, 49. {wahsen}, sv. VI, grow, 10, 85. {wal}, sf. choice, 48. {walden}, sv. VII, have power over. See {walten}. {W[a]leis}, pn. Valois in France, inhabitant of Valois. {wallen} (pret. {wiel}), sv. VII, boil, bubble, 87. {walt} ({-des}), sm. wood, forest. {walten} (with gen.), sv. VII, have power. {wan}, aj. empty, bereft of. {wan}, av. besides, but only; {niht wan}, only, nothing but; {wan da[z]}, only that, if—not; {wan unz}, whilst, as long as; {wan dem einen}, except for the one. {wan} ({wande}, {want}), conj. for, if, because, then, 9.6. {w[a]n}, sm. faith, hope, mood. {wanc} ({-kes}), sm. inconstancy, disloyalty, unfaithfulness, changeableness. {wandel}, smn. change, fickleness; fault, defect, failing. {wandeln}, wv. wander, 9.2, 90. {wange}, wn. cheek, 50. {wangel[i]n}, sn. little cheek. {want}, sf. wall. {w[a]pen} (with {sich}), wv. arm oneself. See {w[a]fenen}. {w[a]pen}, sn. weapon, 46. {w[a]penen}, see {w[a]fenen}. {w[a]penroc}, sm. upper-garment drawn over the coat of mail. {war}, av. where, whither; {war umbe}, wherefore, why; {war zuo}, for what purpose. {war}, sf. attention, observation; {war nemen}, give attention. {w[a]r}, sn. truth; right; {w[a]r haben}, be right. {w[a]r}, aj. true, right, real. {w[a]rheit}, sf. truth. {w[a]rinne}, av. wherein, 39. {warmen}, wv. to warm, 5, 10. {warnen}, wv. equip, prepare. {warten} (pret. {warte}), wv. wait; look, view, 9.2. {was}, {wasse}, aj. sharp, 55. {waschen} ({weschen}), sv. VI, wash, 85. {waste}, sf. desert. {w[a]t}, sf. clothing, dress. {waten}, sv. VI, wade, 85. {wa[z]}, pr. what, 19, 23.1, 70; av. why, wherefore. {w[e]} (gen. {w[e]wes}), sn. woe, pain; {w[e] tuon}, hurt, 17, 46; interj. {wehe}, {w[e]}, woe! alas!; {mir ist w[e]}, I am sad. {weben}, sv. V, weave, 28, 83. {wec} ({-ges}), sm. way; homeward journey, 5, 11. {wecken} (pret. {wacte}, {wahte}), wv. awake. {weder}, pr. who of two, which of two, 70, 71; {weder—noch}, neither—nor. {wegen}, wv. move, swing. {wegen}, sv. V, weigh, poise; put in motion, 83. {wehsal} ({-el}), smn. change, 8. {weich}, aj. weak. {weideganc} ({-ges}), sm. hunting way or path. {weinen} (pres. part. {weinde} for {weinende}), wv. weep, bewail; also sn. {weise}, wm. orphan; precious stone in the royal crown. {wei[z]got}, interj. verily. {wel[i]ch}, {welch}, pr. which, what kind of, 11, 70, 71. {wellen} (pres. sing. {wil}, pret. {wolte}), anom. v. will, wish, 98; {got des niht enwelle}, may God forbid it. {weln}, {welen}, {wellen}, wv. choose, 90. {wenden} (pp. {gewant}), wv. with gen. turn, prevent, hinder, turn away, 32.3. {w[e]nic}, aj. little, small; indecl. sb. c. gen. little. {wenke}, sf. turning, turn, change. {wenken}, wv. totter, stagger, waver. {wer}, sf. defence; protection; battle. {wer}, neut. {wa[z]}, pr. who, what; {wes}, av. wherefore, 9.6, 70. {werben}, sv. III, turn, go to and fro, strive, work, be active, 33. {werde}, aj. worthy, noble. {werdekeit}, {werdikeit}, sf. worthiness, respect, honour, excellence. {werden}, sv. III, become, be, be born, 9.4 note, 38, 81; {werden wol innen}, perceive clearly; {werden buo[z]}, with dat. of pers. and gen. of thing: {dem wirt kumbers buo[z]}, he has compensation for his grief; {werden r[a]t}, c. gen. be a remedy. {werdicl[i]chen}, av. worthily. {werfen}, sv. III, throw, set in quick motion, 10 note, 23.2, 81. {werlt}, {werelt}, {welt}, sf. world, people; {der werelde riuwe}, great sadness or grief, lit. sadness of the world. {werltl[i]ch}, aj. worldly, earthly. {werltt[o]re}, wm. one befooled by the world. {werltzage}, wm. arrant coward. {wern} ({weren}), wv. check, ward off from, restrain, hinder, 90; c. gen. and sich, protect or defend oneself against. {wern}, wv. last, hold out, continue. {werren} (with dat.), sv. III, perplex, confuse, trouble, disturb, be a hindrance, 81. {wert} ({-des}), aj. worthy, noble; snm. respect, good fortune; av. {werde}. {wes} (gen. of {wa[z]}), av. why, wherefore. {wesen}, sv. V, be, 19, 83; {wesen g[a]ch}, c. gen. of person: hasten, exert oneself, eagerly. {weter}, sn. weather, 46. {wetzen}, wv. whet, sharpen. {wider} ({widere}), sm. wether, 9.2. {wider}, prep. against, to; av. again, back. {widersagen}, wv. renounce; proclaim war; contradict. {widerst[a]n}, sv. VI, resist, withstand, be opposed to. {widervarn}, sv. VI, fall to the lot of. {widerz[ae]me}, aj. revolting, hateful, disgusting. {wie}, av. and conj. how, as, that. {w[i]gant} ({-des}), sm. warrior, 8. {w[i]hen}, wv. consecrate, bless. {wilde}, aj. untamed, wild, 55. {w[i]le}, {w[i]l}, sf. time, while; {die w[i]le}, meanwhile, in the meantime. {w[i]len(t)}, av. formerly, once upon a time. {wille}, wm. will, wish, desire. {willecl[i]ch}, aj. willing, wishing; av. {willecl[i]chen}. {willekomen}, aj. and av. welcome. {wilt} ({-des}), sn. wild animals, game. {w[i]n}, sm. wine, 3, 19. {winden}, sv. III, wind, bind up, 81. {wine}, sm. friend. {wint} ({-des}), sm. wind, 14.1. {winter}, sm. winter. {w[i]p} ({-bes}), sn. woman, wife, 5, 11. {w[i]pheit}, sf. womanliness. {w[i]pl[i]ch}, aj. womanly. {wirde}, sf. worthiness, dignity, honour, honourableness. {wirden}, wv. make valuable. {wirs}, av. worse, 61. {wirser}, aj. worse, 58. {wirsest}, {wir(se)ste}, aj. and av. worst, 9.5, 58, 60, 61. {wirt}, sm. head of a house, landlord; {der helle wirt}, devil. {wirtinne}, sf. mistress, hostess, 8. {w[i]se}, {w[i]s}, aj. wise, sensible, experienced, 28. {w[i]se}, {w[i]s}, sf. manner, melody, song. {w[i]sen}, wv. guide, direct. {w[i]sheit}, sf. wisdom. {w[i]sl[i]ch}, aj. wisely, 8; av. {w[i]sl[i]chen}. {w[i]t}, aj. far, wide. {witze}, sf. understanding, sense; reflection. {w[i][z]}, aj. white. {w[i][z]en} (with dat.), sv. I, reproach, blame. {wi[zz]en}, pret.-pres. (pres. {wei[z]}, pret. {weste}, {wiste}, {wesse}, {wisse}), know, 5, 11, 28, 92. {wol}, {wole}, av. well, 5, 9.1, 61; {wolgezogen}, well-mannered; {wol get[a]n}, beautiful; {wol im}, happy or lucky is he!; {wol dir}, hail to thee; {wol mich}, happy am I!; {wol tuon}, c. dat. do good, please; {wol ir des}, good luck to her for that! {wolf}, sm. wolf, 15. {wolken}, sn. cloud. {wolle}, wf. wool, 15. {wollust}, smf. joy, bliss, happiness. {wonen}, wv. dwell, live, 9.4; {mir wont b[i]}, I possess. {wort}, sn. word, speech, 46. {wull[i]n}, {wull[i]n}, aj. woollen, 15. {wulpinne}, sf. she-wolf, 15. {wunde}, wf. wound. {wunder}, sn. wonder, marvel; a great amount or number, abundance; {bluomen wunder}, a great quantity of flowers. {wunderalt}, aj. very old. {wundern}, wv. wonder, wonder at, admire, 9.2. {wunne}, {wunne}, sf. joy, pleasure, 10 note 2. {wunnecl[i]ch}, {wunnecl[i]ch}, aj. joyful, delightful, beautiful, pleasant; av. {wunnecl[i]che(n)}. {wunsch}, sm. wish, ideal, perfection, highest perfection. {wunschen} (with gen.), wv. wish, desire, 90. {wunschleben}, sn. such a life as one could wish for. {wunt} ({-des}), aj. wounded. {wuof}, sm. cry of woe. {wuofen}, sv. VII, bewail, 87. {wurgen}, wv. take by the throat, choke, throttle. {wurken}, {wurken} (pret. {worhte}), wv. work, 28, 91. {wurm}, sm. worm, snake, 5. {wurze}, wf. root, plant. {wurzel}, swf. root.



Z

{zageheit}, sf. cowardice. {zaher}, sm. tear, 5, 10. {zal}, sf. number, 9.1, 31.3, 48. {zant}, {zan} (gen. {zandes}), sm. tooth, 43. {ze} ({zuo}), prep. at, in, to, as much as, (undergoes contraction with the def. art.); {ze bruoder}, as brother; {ze rehte}, rightly, properly; {ze handen haben}, possess; av. too: {ze s[e]re}, too much. {zebrechen}, {zerbrechen}, sv. IV, break, break in pieces. {zehant}, av. at once, on the spot. {z[e]he}, wf. toe. {zehen}, num. ten, 5, 62. {zehente} ({-de}), num. tenth, 62. {zehenzic} ({-ec}), hundred, 62. {zehenzigeste}, num. hundredth, 62. {zeichen}, sn. sign, mark, token, 23, 1. {zeigen}, wv. show, 33. {zeim} = {ze einem(e)}. {zeln}, wv. reckon, count, 31.3, 90. {zeme}, {zem} = {ze deme}, 68 note 2. {zemen}, sv. IV, suit, be becoming or fitting, 82. {zen} = {ze den}, 68 note 2. {zer} = {ze der}, 68 note 2. {zerg[a]n}, {-g[e]n}, sv. VII, vanish, stop, perish. {zerren} (pret. {zarte}), wv. pull, tug, tear. {zerwirken} (pp. {zerworht}), wv. cut up, dissect. {zesamene}, av. together. {zese} ({-wes}), aj. right. {zestunt}, av. on the spot. {zeswellen}, sv. III, swell to the utmost. {zew[a]re}, {zw[a]r}, av. in truth, truly. {ziehen}, sv. II, draw; refl. withdraw, 10, 23.1, 30, 78. {zierde}, sf. adornment, 9.2. {zieren}, wv. adorn, decorate. {z[i]hen}, sv. I, accuse, 76. {zil}, sn. aim, object. {zimieren}, wv. furnish with knightly accoutrements. {zinsen}, wv. give as interest, give away. {zir} = {ze ir}. {zirke}, wm. garland, circle, prince's crown. {zirkel}, sm. prince's crown. {z[i]t}, sf. time, 19. {zobel}, sm. robe furred with sable. {zorn}, sm. anger. {zornecl[i]che}, av. angrily, violently. {zucken} (pret. {zuhte}), wv. pull quickly, tear. {zuht}, sf. bringing up, education; good manners, politeness, demeanour; chastisement, punishment; {mit zuhten}, becomingly, gracefully, politely. {zuhtel[o]s}, aj. ill-bred, rude, insolent. {zunft}, sf. propriety, dignity, good breeding. {zunge}, wf. tongue, 3, 7, 23.2, 53 {zuo}, av. to, toward; to it; {zuo zwein}, into two. See {ze}. {zuome} = {zuo deme}. {zurnen}, {zurnen}, wv. be angry. {zwei}, num. two, 35, 62, 63. {zweien} with {sich}, wv. fall out, quarrel; pair. {zweinzic} ({-ec}), num. twenty, 62. {zweinzigeste}, num. twentieth, 62. {zwelf}, num. twelve, 62. {zwelfte}, num. twelfth, 62. {zwene}, {zwei}, {zw[o]} (gen. {zweier}, {zweiger}, dat. {zwein}), two, 35, 63. {zw[i]}, {zwic} (gen. {zw[i]ges}, {zw[i]es}), smn. twig, bough, 35. {zw[i]feln}, wv. doubt, 9.2. {zwischen}, prep. between. {zw[i]vel}, {zw[i]fel}, sm. doubt, uncertainty; aj. doubtful, 55. {zw[i]vell[i]ch}, aj. doubtful, uncertain, dejected. {zw[i]vellop} ({-bes}), doubtful or ambiguous praise.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Errors and Inconsistencies

Primer

Sec. 3. {[u]} " " " fool {h[u]s}, house. ["l" italicized] Sec. 19. {f} ... {f} = Germanic {p} (Sec. 23, 1) [Sec. 22, 1]

Readings

III. Hartman von Ouwe l. 417 er wirfẹt diu ougen abe mir ["ẹ" may be flyspeck] l. 841 wan mir mac da[z] nieman erwern [dot under last n, or flyspeck] l. 956 der d e von dir nemen wolte ["der d e von" with space]

IV.17 Walther von der Vogelweide l. 435 zerg[a]t e[z] so ist d[i]n freude t[o]t [possibly "zerg[a]n"]

VIII. Wolfram von Eschenbach l. 266 da[z] si unversunnen vor im lac ["sị" or flyspeck]

Glossary

{lernen}, wv. learn. [ambiguous umlaut may be "lernen"] {schate} (gen. {schat(e)wes}) ["gen." not italicized] {tugen}, {tugen} ["tugen, tugen" without umlaut]

THE END

Previous Part     1  2  3  4
Home - Random Browse