A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and Pamphlets of a Library [Dewey Decimal Classification]
by Melvil Dewey
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Tableaux 791 Tables, dining 643 Tables, mathematical 514 Tachygraphy 653 Tactics 355 Tailoring 687 Takigrafy 653 Tales, see Romance. Talmud 296 Tanning 675 Tariffs 337 Tartary 951, 959 Taste and criticism 701 Taxation 336 Taxidermy 579 Tea cultivation 633 Teachers and teaching 371 Technology, chemical 660 Teeth 611, 617 Tehuantepec 978 Telegraph 384 Telegraphy 654 Telescope 535, 522 Temperaments 137 Temperance 178 Temperature 551, 536 Templars 366 Tennessee 976 Testacea 594 Testament, New 225 Testament, Old 221 Testamentary law 349 Testimony 349 Texas 976 Textile fabrics 677 Texts, comparative 418 Texts, English 428 Texts, French 448 Texts, German 438 Texts, Greek, with notes 488 Texts, Greek, without notes 880 Texts, Italian 458 Texts, Latin, with notes 478 Texts, Latin, without notes 870 Texts, Spanish 468 Thanksgiving 244 Theater, see Drama. Theater, ethics 175 Theaters 792 Theatricals 792 Theft 345 Theism 211 Theodicy 231, 214 Theological doctrine 230 Theological essays 204 Theology 200 Theology biography of 922 Theology devotional 240 Theology natural 210 Theology practical 240 Theoretical astronomy 521 Theoretical chemistry 541 Theoretical ethics 171 Therapeutics 615 Thibet 951 Thirty-nine articles 283 Thomsonianism 615 Thought 153 Throat diseases 616 Thunder 537 Tides 521 Tiling 695 Timber 691 Tin manufacture 671 Tin mineral 549 Tithes 336 Tobacco 615, 178, 633 Toilet 646 Tolls 336 Tombs 718 Topographical engineering 622 Topography 910 Total abstinence 178 Toxicology 615 Tractarianism 244, 283 Tract society 362 Trade 380 Trade marks 608 Trades, mechanic 680 Trades, unions 367, 606, 331 Tragedies, see Drama. Transactions 106, 206, 306, etc. Transcendentalism 142 Translation, Greek authors 880 Translation, Latin authors 870 Transportation 380, 656, 345 Transubstantiation 282 Transylvania 943 Trapping 639 Travels 910 Travels scientific 508 Treason 345 Treasury 352 Trees 580 Trees, ornamental 715 Trespass 345 Trials 340 Trigonometry 514 Trilobites 565 Trinity 232 Troubadours 449, 841 Trunk-making 685 Trusts and trustees 344 Tungusic language 499 Tunnels 625 Turkey 949 Turkey in Asia 956 Turkish baths 613 Turkish language 499 Turning 674 Tuscany 945 Type founding 671 Typography 655 Tyrol 943

Understanding 153 Uniforms 355 Unitarians 288 United States 324, 973 botany 587 customs and costumes 397 ecclesiastical history 277 geography 917 geology 557 history 973 statistics 317 travels 917 Universal History 909 Universal language 408 Universalism 288 Universities 378 University education 373 Upholstering 645 Uruguay 989 Useful arts 600 biography of 926 Usury 334 Utah 977

Vases 738 Vaudois 272, 949 Vegetable physiology 581 Vegetable practice 615 Vegetables 635 Vegetarianism 613 Venereal diseases 616 Venezuela 987 Venice 945 Ventilation 697 Ventriloquism 133 Vermont 974 Versification 811 Vertebrates 596 Vertebrates paleontology 566 Veterinary medicine 619 Villas 728 Violin 787 Virginia 976 Virtue 170 Vision 535 Visions and dreams 135 Vital principle 576, 612 Vocal culture 784, 815 Vocal music 784 Voice 784 Volcanoes 553 Voyages 910

Wages 331 Wakefulness 135 Waldenses 272, 945 Wales 942 Walks 713 Wallachian language 459 War ethics 172 War science 355-359 Warehouses 380 Warming 697 Washing 648 Washington territory 977 Watch-making 681 Water, artificial ponds, etc. 714 Water colors 751 Water cure 615 Water wheels 531, 621 Water works 628 Watering-places 613 Wax flowers 745 Wealth 331 Weather 551 Weaving 677 Weights and measures 389 Welsh language 496 West Indies 979 West Virginia 976 Western States 977 Whale 599 Whale fisheries 639 Wheat 633 Whigs 324 Whigs English 323 Whist 795 Will 159 Wills 343 Wind instruments 788 Wine 663 Wisconsin 977 Wit 819, 829, 839, etc. Witchcraft 133 Woman, education 376 Woman, suffrage 324 Wood engraving 761 Wood manufactures 674 Wool 636 Wool manufactures 677 Working classes 331 Worship 246-248 Writing 651 Writing short-hand 653

Xylography 655

Yachting 797 Year books 313 Yellow fever 616 Young men's association 362

Zend 295 Zend Avesta 295 Zodiac 521 Zooelogy 590 Zooephytes 593 Zoroaster 295

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The titles of the subject catalogue are exact transcriptions of the title page, neither amended, translated, or in any way altered, except that mottoes, titles of authors, repetitions, or matter of any kind not essential to a clear titular description, are omitted. Omissions of mottoes are indicated by three stars (* * *); of other matter by three dots (...). The phraseology, spelling, and punctuation of the title are exactly copied; but capitals are given only to proper names and adjectives, and initial words of sentences. Any additions needed to make the title clear are supplied and enclosed by brackets.

After the titles, are given in order: the place of publication; the year; the year of copyright, if different, in brackets; the edition; the number of volumes, or of pages if in only one volume; the illustrations, maps, plates, or portraits; and the size nearest in the arbitrary scale, regardless of the fold of the sheet. This scale gives the heights in decimeters. Square and oblong books have the size prefixed by sq. or ob. Books 1 decimeter high are called 32 deg.; 1.5 deci., 16 deg.; 2 deci., 12 deg.; 2.5 deci., 8 deg.; 3 deci., 4 deg.; and all others are marked simply by the nearest height, i.e. a book marked 4 is between 3.5 and 4.5 decimeters high. In books having more than one pagination the number of pages is indicated by giving the last number of each pagination connected by a +; an added + indicates additional matter unpaged.

These imprint entries give the facts regardless of the title page, and are left blank only when they can be ascertained neither from the book itself or other sources.

The contents of volumes are given when on title pages, or when necessary to properly identify the volume, but no analysis is attempted. Necessary notes are given at the bottom of the subject card after the imprint entries.

Duplicates are simply marked copy 2, copy 3, etc., and bear the same class and book number, but editions of the same book distinct in character are catalogued separately.

In all the catalogues, books are entered under the surnames of authors when known; under the initials of author's names, when these only appear, the last initial being put first; under the pseudonyms of the writers, when the real names are not ascertained; under the names of editors of collections; under the names of countries, cities, societies, or other bodies which are responsible for their publication; under the first word not an article of the titles of periodicals and of anonymous books the names of whose authors are not ascertained. Commentaries with the text, and translations are entered under the heading of the original work, but commentaries without the text are entered under the name of the commentator. The Bible or any part of it in any language is entered under the word Bible. Books having more than one author are entered under the first named on the title.

In the headings of titles, the names of authors are given in their vernacular form. In English and French surnames beginning with a prefix (except the French de and d') the name is recorded under the prefix. In other languages and in French names beginning with de and d', the name is recorded under the word following the prefix. Compound surnames are entered under the first part of the name. Noblemen and ecclesiastical dignitaries are entered under their family names, but sovereigns, princes, oriental writers, friars, persons canonized, and all other persons known only by their first name, are entered under this first name.

The catalogue is not a biographical dictionary, so only gives the names of authors with sufficient fullness to distinguish them from each other in practical use.

Names in full face type are the ruling headings under which the books are entered in the various catalogues. Entries not beginning with this type are in addition to the first or main entry, and are made under the names of translators, editors, commentators, continuators, etc., as participators in the authorship; also in the case of books having more than one author, or having both generic and specific titles, or published by societies or other bodies, and having also the name of the individual author. These additional entries are made in order to carry out the plan of the Authors' Catalogue, which aims to give under each author's name all his works which the library contains.

The works of an author known by more than one name are given all together, under the form of name chosen. Any other name or title by which he may be known, if it differs in the first three letters, is entered in its alphabetical place, followed by the word see and the name under which the books are entered. Such cross references have no titles given under them, but are simply guides to the name chosen.

A single dash indicates the omission of the preceding heading; a subsequent dash indicates the omission of a subordinate heading or of a title. A dash connecting numbers signifies to and including; following a number it signifies continuation. A ? following a word or entry signifies probably. Brackets enclose words added to titles or changed in form.

The German diphthongs ae, oe, ue are written, ae, oe, ue.

Dates are all given in years of the common calendar, and Arabic numerals are uniformly used for all numbers.


The Subject Catalogue on large cards can be used to advantage only with the aid of the Classification or Index. To find what the library has on any given subject, get from the Index the class number of that subject. Under this number in the Subject Catalogue will be found the full titles of the books, with imprints, cross references, and notes. The class number, by which the cards are arranged, is given in the upper left corner and immediately under it is the book number. Any other class number given in the left hand margin refers to another subject of which the book also treats. When the class number at the top is followed by an additional figure in brackets, the subject as given in the printed scheme has been subdivided in arranging the cards. This subdivision will be found on the first card of the catalogue which bears this class number. These figures in brackets determine the arrangement of the titles in the Catalogue, but on the shelves, in the Shelf Catalogue, and in calling for and charging books, they are entirely disregarded. Thus a book numbered 942(7).14 would be in the Catalogue among the 942 cards arranged by the figure in brackets as though it were a decimal, but it would be called for as 942.14, the brackets indicating that the final classing was limited to the Catalogue and was not extended to the shelves. If a fourth figure is added without brackets, the final classing is extended to the shelves as well as to the catalogue, and all the figures must be used in calling for the book. In such cases the added figure is treated as a decimal in the arrangement, though the decimal point is not written.

The last card which bears any class number, gives under that number, followed by the word SEE the call numbers of other books which treat of the same subject, but are classed elsewhere. General cross references are also made in many cases without specifying individual books, as from Commerce as a question of SOCIAL SCIENCE (380) to Commerce as a USEFUL ART, Book-keeping Business Manuals, etc. (650). In such cases there is a card under 380 marked SEE 650, and under 650 there is a card marked SEE 380. From whatever stand-point a subject is approached, the cross references guide at once to the same subject treated in its other relations. These cross references both general and specific are often accompanied by brief notes, characterizing the books to which reference is made.

There will be found at the beginning of many class numbers, a card noting the most reliable books on that subject, and the best of the articles in periodicals, transactions, and collected works with the volume and page where they may be found. It is hoped to give special prominence to these notes for the guidance of readers, and they will be added as rapidly as other duties allow.

Many subjects will have no sub-section cards at the beginning; some will have no reference cards at the end; and some may have no titles given under the number. The scheme provides a place for books on all subjects, whether the library has them or not, so where no titles are given under a class number it shows that the library has as yet no books on that subject.

Articles in periodicals and transactions, separate volumes of sets and collections which are located together, if catalogued are put under their proper subject number, but no book number is given with it. The call number of the book, where they may be found, is always given in the margin preceded by the word IN. In the same way special chapters in books will sometimes be catalogued, e.g. a card marked 338 IN 331-27, would mean that in the 27 books on 331, Capital and Labor, there was a chapter on 338, Production.


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