Preludes 1921-1922
by John Drinkwater
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Preludes 1921-1922

By John Drinkwater

All thoughts, all passions, all delights, Whatever stirs this mortal frame, All are but ministers of love, And feed his sacred flame.





NOTE.—This book is really one poem, and is a development of my sonnet sequence, Persuasion.


Though black the night, I know upon the sky, A little paler now, if clouds were none, The stars would be. Husht now the thickets lie, And now the birds are moving one by one,— A note—and now from bush to bush it goes— A prelude—now victorious light along The west will come till every bramble glows With wash of sunlit dew shaken in song. Shaken in song; O heart, be ready now, Cold in your night, be ready now to sing. Dawn as it wakes the sleeping bird on bough Shall summon you to instant reckoning,— She is your dawn, O heart,—sing, till the night Of death shall come, the gospel of her light.


And Jonathan too had honour in his heart, Jonathan who with an armour-bearer went Alone by Michmash to the Philistines, And met a spray of swords because of courage That made him single greater than a host. Jonathan too had known his battles, dared At any hour the coming of death, because In twilight silence he had walked with God, Read Him in blossoms and the mountain brooks, And learnt that death, well known, can alter nothing. He was a brown man, burnt with love of summer, His young beard curled, and russet as the eyes That looked on life, and feared it, yet were master, Because they knew the tyranny they feared, Measured it, learnt it, gazed it into nothing.


And now he watched the boy, the son of Jesse, David with hair like maples in October, And skin that women loving coveted, David with eyes that often by the sheepfolds Had looked through leaves up to the folds of heaven, And seeing them crammed with golden fleece of stars, Had known how the blood can run because of beauty. Jonathan watched him take the armour off Given by Saul, and choose the bright smooth pebbles, And walk out from the Israelitish throng Into the field against the Philistine giant. Watching, he snatched his sword and cried to Saul, "Bid him come back. This murder must not be." And as he spoke, he knew the words were treason, His heart alone in all the world was sure That David was the Lord's appointed arm, To meet this bulk of dirt, this giant fear Brandishing out of the loathly camps of evil. And before Saul could answer, he put down The sword, and said, "I love him. Let him go."


But the words, I love him, were not for his father Saul, Hardly Jonathan knowing he spake them out. But as he looked on David love was there, Waking from that in David that he himself A little was, and always greatly shaping Himself towards, so that his name was spoken Famously in Saul's kingdom. It was courage, The clean heart, undivided in its doing, The purpose that, being bodied in the brain, Thenceforth knew every trickling argument That fell from tongues of persuading circumstance, As lures of evil ever threatening life, That Jonathan loved above all enterprise. He knew, or the rarer man within him knew, That once your yea in holy meditation Had shaped itself in the perfect syllable, Thenceforth no nay from any other tongue Or wise or passionate or masterful, Could be listened to without the shame of sin Corrupting all your constancy for ever. He knew the curse of good betraying good, Till both in bleak irresolution fall. And all his years was Jonathan's anguish only To keep this tillage of his wisdom clean.


Since boyhood he had known Philistia For the black thing it was, a plague opposed Always against the loveliness of Israel, And when his father Saul was anointed king By Samuel in Ramah, then Jonathan knew How all the lessons of his youth had been To fit him for the striking of the men Who profaned beauty and let the soul be blind. And he was diligent in bronze and arms, And kept his body supple, and his eye Keen, and the coming of his hooves was thunder, Wherever battle fell. He bore a flame, Zealous and pure, in the heavens of his mind, To serve and to instruct. Aye, to instruct— There was the biting blemish, as we shall see.


Philistia was foul, and Jonathan knew, And the voice of God within him was plain and constant To strike and strike unwearying to the end. And then the poor, precise, infirmity That loads good minds with ever seeming virtue, Until they cast their treasure to the dust, Crept on him, wound about the gleaming truth That was his one foundation. Day by day He was resolved, and then the grain of doubt Would come to hurt the riding of his thought, And break the level balance that it had. Was then the Philistine mere black? That day Jonathan's arm half paused upon the blow, And evil went a little scatheless off. Surely the worst even of adversaries Had somewhere beams that pointed to salvation, And hasty judgment might not be the will Of an all-seeing Lord? Then would the vengeance Falter, and stay, and Jonathan's battle failed. And always then was bitterness and reproach In the night watches when upon his couch He looked on the stars studding his little window Before sleep came. Then he would speak again The word that single was his valiance, His only truth, his warrant as a man, And once again Philistia was doomed. Then for a season clean the stroke and sure That Jonathan drove, and black was known for black, Till slowly as before would mount and mount Scruple on scruple, as was not he himself A little black sometimes, or plainly wicked? And should the wicked man not be redeemed? Merely destruction surely was no answer, Since yet the wickedness must wander somewhere? How should he say, I, Jonathan of Israel Am good, and you the Philistine are cursed, Since in that face was something that had been Learnt from the buds and corn and frozen hills That he himself had known for seals of God? And would not his power on Israel increase, Take on a loftier authority, If to his famous arms he could add a tale Of counsel working in the hearts of men, Moving them to a finer charity, A little pity for offence? And so Instruction like a worm was at his roots, And pride of virtue made Jonathan forget. Then sometimes as he knew himself betrayed He would cry upon his spirit in the night—

I, Jonathan, who know The processes of God Moving within me, Turn aside to my idols of desire. He has taught me the ways Of Philistine cruelty. He Shows me the bad man toiling to the ruin Of beauty and the free spirit on earth, And has equipped me for the establishment Of His will in this battle, and I fail. I am a leaf spinning about the wind, Who have been shown the ways of stedfastness. O Israel, I have heard My dedication made To your sweet service by the voice of Him, And I betray That wisdom, that great simpleness of wisdom, Inventing in my brain Fantastic argument As though God's mind Had missed the brighter pools That I alone could visit and gaze into. He tells me, and I hear Voices not His. Knowing, I question. And I am ashamed.

So Jonathan saw walking at his side Always a shadow that was his own denial.


And now was April mirrored in the plumes Of ravens and the green of the young wheat, And dusky ewes with white lambs in the sun Lay in the valley plain between the hosts Of Israel and Philistia. And on this day Jonathan learnt utter reproach, and love. There on the plain Goliath stood alone, Poised in his mighty bulk, with black locks flowing, A handsbreadth taller even than Saul the king Who shouldered it above the men of Israel, And beat his words of sure defiance out, Ringing across the windless noon. And all Israel heard, and fear was on them, knowing, If thus the issue, how it should prevail. And Jonathan in the tent of Saul his father, Watched, and his blood was quick, and in his mind He strove against the last of doubt. And then The young man David stood before them, bidden By Saul, who heard one say, "There is a boy New come from tending sheep in Bethlehem, And seeks the king." And David stood before them, And asked no leave, but said, "There was a cause. It bade me come, and I will fight with him." And Saul denied, but David did not hear Denial, saying, "the wild beasts of the field I with my hand have slain at the fold's gate, And this is mine to do." And David stood, Greater than argument while Saul armed him there. And Jonathan saw the purpose that he was not, Glowing and bodied, and his love was born.


Then David flung the armour off, and said, "I am David, and I know not these strange arms. I must go out as I have always been, Not girt with new occasion. It is I, David the shepherd that am David still, And I know nothing of your spears and plate. A sheepskin have I worn, and in my hand A sling, and pebbles taken from the brook. Now shall I go, content that God has watched me So habited and armed through all my youth. Should I pretend another David now, I should meet this man with neither honour nor hope. If I am sent against the Philistine Out of God's anger, and I know it is so, It is not one the chosen of Saul's hosts, But I, David of Bethlehem must go, The son of Jesse, and keeper of his flocks."


Almost the tears were seen in Jonathan's eyes, Because of David's words, of which he knew The poor ghosts hiding somewhere in his own heart. And then he spoke his fear, and then the words, Resting his sword, "I love him. Let him go." And David stept out of the emerald light That played up from the grass floor of the tent, Into the full flood of the April noon, And walked a little way, and those two stood Parted a hundred paces, the man of terror, Hewn massy and with shock of builded limbs, And David moulded like a sea boy risen From caves of music where the water spins Wet sand into the shapes of flowing flowers; David with limbs all bright with the sun's tones, And ruddy locks curling with youth and light, His body all alert on steady loins, Clean spun of flesh that knew the winter snows, And mellow pools of summer, and the dews Dropping among the crocuses of dawn. His sandle-straps bound ankles as a girl's, And fluttering to his knees the sheepskin hung, Cloaking one shoulder, while the other gleamed. And there he paused, the sling in his right hand, His left hand fingering the pouch of pebbles, While Israel fearing murmured, and the hosts Of Philistine derision rocked the noon. Then did Goliath cry, "Am I a dog, For a boy's whipping? Have you not a man, That you would send a cleaner up of crumbs From the queen's table? Come then, and be broken, For birds to find you and the dogs at night." And Jonathan heard Philistia shout again, And David, like a flame unwinded, stood Quivering at the cry, and laid a stone In the sling's fold, and cast his staff, and ran, Fleet as the king bird gliding under leaves, Towards Goliath. And a giant spear Swung from the Philistine hand, and forty paces Sang in the air and brushed the flying sheepskin, And sudden David's feet were planted firm, Locked on the earth, and circling in the sun The tight thong flashed and loosened, and the stone Smote the Philistine wrath above the eyes, And the day was clouded from him, and he fell.


Then Israel spared not. And, when night was come, Jonathan sent for David to his tent, And those two sat while the yellow torches burned, And Jonathan spoke and said, "David, my brother, To-day you have made a story that shall be For ever fruitful in the heart of man. This day is David's. But of this day I too Share, not in the honour, but in the harvesting, Or the harvesting I think is wholly mine. Shall I speak on?" And David said, "Speak on." Then Jonathan—"This morning there was a man, And it was Jonathan, who many years Had gone snared in a purpose not his own, That is, not truly mine. Always I knew, Walking by that self I said was honest, Another self, the true self, in a shadow, Or at an angle that my eyes refused. I was a proud man, David, very virtuous, Or, in fairness to myself, desiring virtue, Truly desiring it, I may say that. And yet even in that desire there moved A lie, for I knew the virtue of my desire Was something tainted. No—I knew it not, But that other self walking beside me knew it, And whispered, I knew, a thing that I would not hear. Always it whispered, as I stood alone, I said, in subtle thought among all Israel. God had spoken to me, David, that the Philistine Was evil, evil, that was all God said, And bade me strike as a man by God assured. But the man to whom God spoke I put aside, The still self walking, whispering, in the shadow. And I, the Jonathan of daily light, Tempered the word of God, I tempered it— I who should be God's outcast doing so. I counted evil twenty different ways, And none of them plain evil. I diced with God, And the dice fell as often to my hand, It seemed, as His, but falling so the whisper Was ever shadowed at my ear, unheard. And ever as this new intelligence, This pride of thought, crept over me and filled My dawn and noon and sleep, a hunger grew, A dreadful hunger for that self denied, And every word I spoke for righteousness Turned bitter on my lips, because I knew That every word was righteousness undone. Such was the man this morning when you came, Who from the king's tent watched you, David. Then Change and completion and I know not what Of heavenly fulfilment fell upon me. Not from myself, nor of my own devising, But marvellously spoken in a space Of golden light that glowed about the form Of a boy standing in my father's tent. Quite suddenly the thing I lacked was there, The shadow whispering at my side had gone And stood there bodied in you, David, brother, O dear young shepherd from your sheepfolds called— Nay Jonathan myself it was there standing, Or barren branches of myself in flower, My jailored thought flooded with light of song. And in that moment nothing was between Your soul and mine, and knowing you, I loved, Since love is understanding, and must come When mind looks on the presence of very mind. I loved you, David, and I love, and ever— Because my mind, even in one day's passing, Has learnt you as no years could better learn— My love is fixed upon you. And, moreover, Since from this hour I must for ever know Some element of me lodged sole in you, Some certainty in you alone to be Among my weeds the patient husbandman, I must in your love prosper or not at all. Now therefore, David, let a covenant be Between us from this day, for the heart knows."


David and Jonathan under the long torches Were silent then. And David's eyes were fixed Long upon Jonathan, as eyes may sometimes look On eyes, and see no face, looking beyond Into unimaged life, into the brain Moving behind the circumstance of flesh, Eyes that to-morrow passing might hardly know The mere face that to-night they gaze upon. And Jonathan having spoken, waited there While David searched him slowly with still eyes. Then David rose, and drew the tent-fold back, And looked upon the stars of Palestine Long, and a mallow moon; and Jonathan waited. Then David came again, and spoke, "I too, Standing this morning in your father's tent, Knew that a life unwonted was near me there. And now you have spoken, and the love you say, I know, and as your will is so is mine. Something I am for you that none can be. Let it be so, but all is not then said. This morning when I smote the Philistine, I was God's purpose, that I must believe. But purpose only is not all of God, Hearing you now, I know it is not all. When first I saw you I did not know it then— Only, facing the Philistine, something new A moment marked me, and unnoted went, No touch of it upon my will. But now I have heard you speak, and what it was I know. You loved me, Jonathan, seeing, as I stood, That shadowy self of you of which you tell me Suddenly living fearless in the sun. That is your reaping of my field, and I Glory to give it you. But were that all, Proud to be loved, I should not love again. But now I know for me is too a reaping. Your shadow to my living purpose leaps, And that is wonderful. But as you spoke Some David hidden from the man that slew Goliath listened also, and is now With us for ever. And he that wrought this life Is you, Jonathan of doubts and speculation, The man who sits there plainly now, the mere Jonathan when the shadow is forgotten. Now do I know my purpose magnified, Sure as of old, but learning in its flight, Of pity and the sad heart of man from you, And how the jealous and unmerciful, Being stricken down, are but poor sorrows too. So, Jonathan my brother, as you take, So do you give, and in us now shall be The perfect whole of purpose and compassion, And resolution without pride of heart. Now therefore will I make the covenant, Knowing that never more can you or I Without this love be better than a tale Of corrupting seed and fallow-lands unsown."


Now Jonathan rose and put the torches out, And a grey beam of dawn was on those two. And Jonathan took his outer garment off, Which was the king's son's, and robed David there, And he took the sword that Saul had given him, Belted in gold and cased in figured steel, And it hung on David's loins. And Jonathan said, "Who fails in this, that is the last betrayal, The quenching of the holy spirit of God." And David said, "So be it." And they embraced, And kissed. And David went into the dawn. And Jonathan watched until the day was full.


That was the proud woman, Naaman's wife. Basking at noon under the Syrian fans, While Naaman, the leprous mighty captain, Proud glowing flesh now silver-skinned and tainted, Walked in contagion here and there, apart. His wife, the unblemished Naaman in her mind, The man who, coming with the spoils and shouts, Had made a hundred triumphs hers, when all The Syrian women courted her for that, Now saw in the pestilent limbs shame and reproach, Some treachery that made her, who was mate Of Syria's pride, bondwoman of a leper. She must nurse her blame, since he was Naaman still, With an old honour paid by stedfastness, The mark of Syria's compassion. Black Thoughts were her only payment for betrayal, But in secret she could play them without pity,— Let the fans beat, they could not beguile her from that.


And Naaman had loved her, but not now, Knowing the uses that his love had been, How given for her to squander it in pride.


Syria out of Israel had brought Captives, and among them one, a maid, A little maid, just troubled with the touch Of womanhood upon her body and thought, And she served Naaman's wife, a lonely girl, To answer bidding, and covet little tones Of kindness that she heard go to and fro, But not for her. She trembled as she stood At the proud woman's couch, because a fault In orders done meant scolding and even rods. And she had but two joys. One, to remember A Galilean town, and the blue waters That washed the pebbles that she knew so well, Yellow in sunlight, or frozen in the moon, A little curve of beach, where she would walk At any hour with an old silver man. Her father's father, her sole companion, Who told her tales of Moses and the prophets That lived in the old days. And of that time She had but now poor treasuries of the mind, Little seclusions when, the day's work done, She made thought into prayer before she slept; These, and a faded gown that she had brought Into captivity, patterned with sprigs of thyme, And blades of wheat, and little curling shells, And signs of heaven figured out in stars, Made by a weaver that her grandsire knew, A gift on some thanksgiving. She might not wear it, Being suited as became a slave, but often At night she would spread it in her loneliness, And think how finely she too might be drest, As finely as any proud woman of them all, If the God of Israel had not visited her Surely for sin, though she could not remember. Thus one joy was. And then the Lord Naaman, This wonder soiled, this pitiful great captain Forbidden all that he had so proudly been— To worship him, that was her other joy. When the dusk came, and the city fell to silence, And out of his poor banishment he would walk, She followed him, knowing the very hour, And all her heart was flooded through with pity, Because she knew the leprosy left still A Naaman untainted and lovely. Then in her mind was the proud woman a loathing, Who dared to waste a marvel such as this, The right in the world's knowledge so to love. O pitiful evil blasting so great a flesh, Walling a spirit so governing itself In spite of desolation. A maid's thought thus Knew how the frames of mastery can suffer.


Sometimes at night when not even lepers walked, Solitary in the Syrian meadows she Would wander in the old perplexity That the moon makes of love. Never, she knew, Could any adoration that she brought Touch even the Lord Naaman's banishment, The Naaman fallen from the time when even Great ladies dare not speak the thing they felt. She was nothing, or the world could never know If she was more than nothing; a maid to bind Tresses for beauty that was not her own. And yet she knew that she had beauty too, A little hermit beauty that might spend Royally if it dare and a man would speak,— Royally, Naaman, but he could not hear. But still for all the silence of her lips, And heart with promise nothing known, she loved— Loved the sad leper walking in the dusk, Loved the great lord, loved even his leprosy, Since by it he came a little down to her, Loved him, and knew that her love was the sum Of all that loving, and must be. But even so, She knew her love an honester thing than any That the proud woman had. O moon, she thought, Could you not make me truly tell this love, This love pulsing along my blood and brain, As midnight surges going through the sky? And long she pondered how she best might serve.


Then one day when the fans moved, and she stood Ministering with her perfumes at the couch, Her mistress, with eyes that meant the thought was nothing, Said, "Is it not grievous that my lord goes thus?" And the maid felt the colour at her throat Flow round her neck and flood up to her temples, But knowing, feared not, or put her fear aside, And said "Would God my lord were in Samaria, To seek Elisha there, a prophet, lady, Whom God hath taught to cure whom he will cure." She spoke, and the bright bowl trembled in her hands, And fear because of her words made the tongue dry As the woman looked with still cold eyes upon her. But the word passed from lip to lip, and the king Heard it, and sent for Naaman and said, "A girl among the slaves that you brought in From Israel has spoken a strange thing, Of one Elisha, a prophet whom they obey, Saying that he could bid the blemish off That is cheating Syria of her proudest man. Now therefore journey to him, and I will send Word to Israel's king, that he shall bless Favours from us in whom his fortune lies, Bidding him call this prophet to your cause. Go, and the love of Syria go with you."


Then Naaman with his servants went at dawn, And Naaman's wife saw how again might come Her mastery among the women of Syria. Yet was the little maid her hatred now, Lest of her word should come this resurrection. And Naaman went, and Israel's king was glad, Because of Syria's favour, and sent down The hill to where Elisha lived among Farmers of flax and goatherds and a few Unhappy men who brought their sorrow to God, Asking his mercy on the Syrian lord. And Naaman stood before the prophet of Israel, And told his grief. And Elisha looked upon him, Measured his faith, and bade him bathe his body Seven times in the river of Jordan, and be Whole. And Naaman questioned, and was wrath, As was not any river of Damascus Purer than Jordan, and in more virtue flowing? But, little, his servants said, was this to do, And, as persuasion led him, he went down And seven times let Jordan cover him, And came with a clean body as of old, A strong man with the tides of blood before him, With equal limbs for all the spirit could dare, And into Syria he sang upon his riding.


And tidings came to the Syrian king of this, Heralding a Naaman mightier than ever, With clean flesh and a wisdom all matured, And all the city rang upon his coming, The king and his estate, people and priests, And soldiers glad of their old captain again. And matrons with their girls, and the rich merchants, All shouted Naaman, Naaman, through the streets. And Naaman's wife stood at the king's right hand, Her slave-borne canopy coloured and spangled, While the great fans beat upon her pride again, And Naaman in plumes and plate and mail Again was master of the Syrian hosts.


Afar, beyond the barriers of the streets, Pressing among the crowd for a moment's seeing, The Israelitish maid, between her duties, Watched with a proud flush beating down her limbs. And shyly she had on a faded gown, Patterned with sprigs of thyme and blades of wheat, And paling stars and little curling shells. And as the shouting rose, she watched in silence, With trembling lips, and Naaman passed by her, And her hands moved towards him, and fell down, Then stole upon her bosom, as they would ease The aching beauty of her loneliness. And there unnoted as he passed she stood, With not a thought from all that world upon her. Only, when service came again, she saw A glowing hatred in the proud woman's eyes. And in the night she thought of it, and wept, But not for any hatred were her tears.


Full summer dusk was round him as he stood On the hill-top, over the calling sheep Drifting along the pastured downs. The moon Far off was rising from the Sussex sea. Above him, building up into the sky, Black, and with pointing sails now skeletoned, A windmill gathered strays of evening wind Whispering through the splitting timbers. Still The setting sun washed with a fuller gold The golden sheaves patterned upon a cone Of downland by him farther from the sea. So still, he seemed a thing woven of earth, A life rooted and fixed as were the oaks Locked in the soil, their bases webbed with fleece Of sheltering ewes, he watched across the valley, And the hour passed, and the black mill grew and grew, And then a light came in a far window Of a grey farm cresting the hill beyond, And sudden tides beat on him as he saw A white dress moving in the distant pines.


Lake Winter, a five hundred acre man, Was English, bred far back, a part of England, With South and North and Midland in his blood. And somewhere Devon, somewhere Suffolk too. He had been born of love. They had been lovers, Who made him, and no more, but they were lovers. She of a proud house, proud to make it prouder With wit and beauty, and a young brain glowing, And a swift body fearless and pitiful; And he a Cotswold yeoman, thrift and power, And mastery of earth and herds and flocks, And knowledge of all seasons and their fruits, And a heart of meditation, all his birthright; Ten generations deep from Gloucester stone. And those two met, and loved, and of their love Came a new purity of blood and limb, As of a purpose slowly moulding them. And long they waited, and then one summer noon, He, coming northward from his Cotswold home, Found her by Rydal as she had bidden him, And proudly stride to stride they took the road, Sure youth by youth, and to Helvellyn's foot They came, and climbed up to the brighter air, And into the wind's ardour still went on, Until upon the mountain top they stood, And lake by lake was fading in the dusk. Out of the plains they saw the moon move up And over them the deeper blue came on, The faint stars glowing into mastery. And in that splendour of a summer hill, Amid the mellow-breathing night, where yet The poppies of the valley could not come, There was conceived a boy.... And sorrow came Upon their love. Before the moon again Was full upon Helvellyn, the Cotswold lover With a great elm was blasted in a storm, And lay, a burnt thing, in a Cotswold grave. And she went out, took her inheritance, And lived apart, and the man-child was born. She called him Lake, for those fading lakes of dusk, And gave him her own name. And twenty years She tended him, and died; and from her substance Lake Winter now for fifteen years had kept His Sussex acres in fertility. Such was the man, so born, so passionately made, So knit of English earth and generations, Who now upon the summer evening watched— His manhood full upon his middle years— A white dress moving in the distant pines.


Down to the valley from their hills they came, Lake Winter and the woman that he loved. He waited by a long brown garden wall, Mottled with moss and lichen, where in the dusk Like a great moth a late flycatcher wove, And watched her coming down a rutted path, Towards him. And the flowing of her body, Sure step through fugitive cadences of limb, Up to the little golden arch of hair, Was lovely as a known yet wanted tale.


Zell Dane, the wife of Martin Dane, who held Tollington Manor farm, was ten years wed. Dane was an honest man by groom and horse, Paid pew-rent and his losing wagers, thought The British Empire lived at Westminster, Stood by the State and rights of property, Drank well, and knew the barmaids of a county. He married Zell, and neither could have said Why it was done. Ten years had gone since then, And he was now a half forgotten habit, She, some queer porcelain stuff beyond his knowing.


Lake Winter came and went at Tollington, As other neighbours, a little in Dane's mind Suspect for certain rumours of his birth, But known for a straight rider and plain speaker, Who meant his words and had words for his meaning. And Lake and Zell, between the jests at table, Where they could match the best wits of the room, Would talk of things that Dane and the rest counted As pointing ways not good for level minds. Why pose about Beethoven, and Debussy, Or these French fellows Degas and Picasso, When there were Marcus Stone, and A Long, Long Trail, And "A Little Grey Home in the West," that common folk Could understand? And, however the truth might be, It wasn't decent openly to say That William Wordsworth was a better poet— Though more or less in a poet was no matter— Because it seemed that once in his flaming youth He had loved gloriously in France....

. . . . .

Dane heard and saw, And was a little troubled that clear heads Should cloud and squander thus, a little scornful. Still if it gave them pleasure, and it but meant Mind with mind idling together so, Winter could come and go for all he cared, He wouldn't grudge ... and then the doubt began, A thought that somewhere under all this play And nimbleness was crouching the true thing, Lust, plain lust. There was between man and woman, So Dane had learnt, two several conditions, A compact to keep smooth the day's affairs, That, and plain lust. This mind play was a sham.... Winter and Zell were lusting, that was all... Then let them... damn it, let the matter be... Time would show all, and there were crops and hounds.


They stood together by the dusky wall. And long their lips met, in a hushed world fading, A night of beauty fading in their own. And then "I made a rhyme for you to-day, When the last sheaves were binding I made it, thus—"

I have no strange or subtle thought, And the old things are best, In curious tongues I am untaught, Yet I know rest.

I know the sifting oakleaves still Upon a twilit sky, I hear the fernowl on the hill Go wheeling by.

I know my flocks and how they keep Their tunes of field and fold, My scholarship can sow and reap, From green to gold.

The circled stars from down to sea I reckon as my gains, The swallows are as dear to me As loaded wains.

Yet these were ghosts and fugitive, Until upon your step they came By revelation's lips to live In your dear name.

I saw you walking as dusk fell, And leaves and wains and heaven and birds Were miracles my blood may tell, And not my words.

"And yet I would not lose the tidings come On so dear words, though the blood knows it all, As the song says." She spoke; and from the valley Slowly towards the mill, by ghostly flocks That stole about the meadows of the moonrise, They walked, and made this argument of love.

LAKE. How shall they stand for wisdom, who forbid The body's love, which is so small a thing, Yet let the souls, or minds, or what you will Be mated, as though spirit were the drudge, For no-one's heed, and limbs alone to be, As though clay were the gold, inviolate? If I could grudge love coming anywhere, Falling even on whom I loved in all, I think the body at least should have no share Of jealousy from me, which should be spent Rather on minds meeting above my own, Myself an exile from their understanding. Beloved, in the mating of our minds I am all peace to walk thus in your presence, And in that peace your body of my desire, And all my earth, as passionate as any, Seem snares to tempt us to the loss of all, Since by them the world threatens this our peace, Which else we may so gather, undenied. Then is not flesh merely the trouble of love, When love goes thus, as love between us now?


Zell took his hand, and her life was in his veins, And his words beat back upon him as she spoke.


ZELL. Dear, you are wise of all your books, and speech Of windy downs, and polities of men, And the old passions weaving history, And strong and gentle things of sea and earth, And the poor passing of the life of man, But not in this. You have your great-heart courage For all such ardours as might make you seem Some fabled hero standing against fate, But not in this. In sifting vanity From the right honour, and building from ambition, You have a vision constant as the tides, But not in this. They may look Sussex over For any man who found a crooked word Ever upon your lips, and vainly look, Because, dear, truth is an old habit in you, But not in this. Here in the night enchanted, With not an ear to catch the whispered truth, Let nothing but the truth between us be— I love you, Lake; I love the fair mind moving In equal joy among men's praise or censure; I love the courage of its lonely flight, Here in a land of light convenience. I love you for the years that you have given To Sussex plough and pasture till they are grown Surer and richer in your wit than any. I love you for the love in which you gather My mind that from youth on has gone unmated, And then I love you for the bearing kept In you when slight occasions something royal Take on because you silently are there. I know you, Lake, for a man worthy honour, And well to honour is well to delight. But, dear, with all this giving of my love, Great and unmeasured giving, sending back In joy the worship that you bring to me, I love your glowing body, and you love mine. No words, or thrift of philosophic thought, Can put that love out of the love we are. At night, alone, when the dark covers me, I ache for you, body for body I ache. And then I know that over you as well The dear, forlorn, resistless pain is full. We may persuade, virtuously persuade, That this is but an accident of love, Not of love's very being, a thing to bind In brave captivity at the world's bidding, But I know, as you know it, that persuasion So made is outcast in the house of truth. I love you, and the thing I love is made All wonderful of flesh and spirit both, Body and mind inseparably one, And I must spend my love on all or nothing. Should I but love those limbs so rightly planned By ancestry so wise of English earth, It were a simple harlotry in me. But, Lake, to love the life and not the house, The living house so admirably built Of tissue flawless as the material stars, Wherein the life I love is manifest, Were harlotry no less I know than that. You, the dear Lake of my idolatry, For I am something near it, as you are, Are one life, whereto pilgrim thought conspires With all the cunning moulding of the flesh, And of my brain and body is my love, Dream to your dream, desire to your desire. If you should die, my memory of you Would be no tale of the mere mind conceiving, Of contemplation thriving thus or thus, In trance of spaces where not even wings nor breath Recall the moving of substantial things. Rather in me for ever should be glowing The imaging mind mated in equal limbs, Thought visible in lines of the athlete, Wisdom persuading in the lover's clasp. And how should thought know thought until the whole Of body's beauty is by body learnt? Until the trial of that most dear seclusion Is past, and all the dangers of mere lust Disproved, when in possession is no stale Regret and disillusion, how should be known That the still hours of thought with thought are stable Against the wearing of dissolving time? Dear, we must love by all the tokens of love, Before the presence of love beyond dispute Is between us and for ever fixed.


Lake heard, and knew that answer could be none, Then by the sheep-tracks on the silver downs Silent they walked, and midnight came apace, And by the bases of the mill they went, Close moving, arm by arm, and down again Towards the valley, where again they stood, And let their lives beat out upon the night. And as they waited on farewell, a form Came up before them, and Martin Dane stood there, And "by your leave," he murmured, and went on. Then Zell, "To-morrow, when the moon is full, Meet me beside the mill mound. Martin goes To Farnham for the otter hunting." Lake Took her and kissed, and with no word they parted Where the light still looked from the hillside farm Over the valley to his home. And he As dreaming passed again by the mill to sleep.


Firmer the mould, surer the flight of boughs, Familiar move the bright plains of the air, And newly stedfast the gospel he had known Year by year written on his Sussex life, Now seemed to Lake this day. Among his men, All day he drew and pegged the rickyard straw, And piled the barn from floor to the swallows' beam, Brown throated and brown armed, the golden rose Of summer wind glowing upon his face, And all the phrasing of his body good. And twilight fell on the full harvest home, And the barn doors were closed, and painted wagons Stood empty by the ricks, with sunken wheels Smeared with the fallen husks, and voice was none, And silence with the moon was over all.


Lake through the eve walked his familiar paths, Counting the labour of his years; the shed Where morn and night the cattle came to stall, Empty and still now but for the timbering rats; The low smooth paven dairy, where the moon Now sent a shaft on one full yellow bowl; The barn so happily at teeming time again, The rickyard stacked with hurdles by the fence, The long loft over plough and wagon teams. Among the heavy apple trees he passed, By ledgy sheep track, over the new stubble, Across the valley, and in the shadow kept Of Martin Dane's home hop-yard, and again Back to his own hillside. And in the south, Beyond the moon, over the midnight sea, Came up a cloud all heavy with black wind.


Zell by the mill was standing when he came, Now darkly gowned so that she seemed a shadow, Black by the black mill, save for the white face, And gold hair and white hands that caught the moonlight. Together the wide wooden steps they climbed, By broken treads and splitting rail, and he Lifted the rusted latch, and there within Were folded sacks perished along the seam, Forgotten with the dust, and the bare walls, Now weather-broken. Above them a dim light Showed them a laddered way still up. They came Into the high roof chamber, and a rent In the top timbers let the moonlight in, Half moulding to their vision spars and beams, The mill's old ghostly life, and sail-cloth piled From the use of generations. A window space Just from their towery refuge let them look Over familiar earth now tranced. And Lake Saw yet again his roofs and acres loved, Tenderly, as though interpreters Of his long care and their good yielding hours Freshly upon his senses ministered; Zell Across the valley saw a lone slumbering light, While from the south the mounting darkness crept, And the wind gathered, moaning upon the mill, Filling its frame with a low pulsing breath.


And over love the heavenly figures went In their unchanging change. No longer now The moonlight shafted through the torn roof-timbers, And star by star crossed the small field of sky, And in those hours of peace that only comes With passion mated and of passion born, Lake knew within him stirring that far beauty Of an old starry still Helvellyn night. And Zell made all the wisdom of her words Wisdom of life, so simple and unclouded, Leaving no fume of trouble in the dark, Ending for ever the brain's captivity.


They slept. And still the south wind gathered up, Gust upon gust to a full swelling tide, And the great sail-timbers groaned, and blackness fell Over the mill that trembled as in pain Of age now nearly with all quarrels done. Along the ridges of the downs it swept, Beating the boughs of ash and elm, a flood Of storm exulting in deliverance. And fury up and down the valleys played And rose and spilt and sank upon the hills, And to and fro the thunder bayed, till sudden The world about the sleeping lovers shook With sounding doom. And Zell, waking, cried out, And he beside her stood, and folded her A moment as from fear, and kissed her, and they turned To go, when from the bases of the mill A shrieking as of life being crushed and torn Clanged out upon the beating elements, And the hurt timbers, whipped and wrencht, sent up A last fierce wail, and for a moment swayed, Then gave the life up of a hundred years, And to the earth the mill plunged in defeat.


Sleepers along the hill-top in the night Stirred as a ruin above the thunder broke, And slept again. And dawn upon a world Of leaves and downs and sheep washed into brightness Came on that Sussex out of a clear sky, And on the sea the little ships went on With sails just filled with a small virgin wind. And slowly one by one the village came To see the old mill that their sires had known, And sires beyond them, blasted in a world Where peace was lord as in immortal mood. They stood and silence kept them until one Saw suddenly upon the dawn breeze blown, Out from a mound of split and twisted timber A strand of golden hair. And strong arms worked Until upon the grass unheeding lay Those two dear bodies locked in a love that now Was beyond malice and denial and fear.


And Martin Dane home from his hunting came, And heard, and saw them lying side by side, And wondered how could folly pay so much For so unsound and gossipy an end, Gave his instructions for a decent grave, And found a tap-room topic to his mind.


That night the promise of the dawn was full, And on the broken mill a clear moon shone, Silvering all the ways the lovers knew. And by the wreck a shadowy figure watched, Half Lake, and half that old Helvellyn lover, And on the night a whispered cadence fell—

Again in the world, a story has been made, These looked upon beauty unafraid, O these were lovely, these were the great ones, they dared, And denied not, but upon love's bidding fared.

Pity them not; they would scorn that as your hate, They knew the voices, they knew the hours that mate With hours beyond all judgment of mankind, These were the proud adventurers of the mind.

Kindled for ever because of them shall be A wiser freedom. The long lanes of the sea, The golden acres of Sussex shall holy keep Their names, their love, their ending. Let them sleep.


There is a castle on a hill, So far into the sky, That birds that from the valley-beds Up to the turrets fly, Climbing towards the sun can feel The clouds go tumbling by.

But always far above the clouds The sun is shining there, It shines for ever on those walls; And the great boughs that bear Harvests of never fading fruit Are golden everywhere.

Who journeys to that castled crest Finds, with his journey done, All ages and all colours in Cascades of light that run Over the broad weirs of the air For ever from the sun.

Two things are silver: flower of plum When April yet is cold; And willowed floods that of the moon Quiet leases hold. That castle in the sky alone Of living things is gold.

Between unfathomable blue And the bright belts of green, Midway the plains of heaven and earth, Rock-borne it stands between Woods and the sky, a golden world Where only gold is seen.

Old carvers in the stone have cut Forests and wraths and herds, And these are gold: the dials tell The sun in golden words; The very jackdaws, from the towers Wheeling, are golden birds.

The minting of the sun is on The gravel everywhere, The yellow walls are fleeces washed In pools of sunny air, That coming to that castle place All men are Jasons there.

Trancelike to stand upon that hill When the deep summer sings, Gold-clad, gold-hearted, and gold-voiced, And sings and sings and sings, Is as to wait a rising world In flight of golden wings.

And I have walked with love that way, And on that golden crest The sun was happy for my love, For she is golden-tressed. Red gold, that of all golden things The great sun marks for best.

O golden castle of the sky Hereafter gold can be Only your image when the sun Transfigured her for me, Till she was golden-clouded Jove, And I her Danae.

Hereafter in the chambered night When linked love is told, One thought shall spare to climb that hill Into the sunbright fold, For a great summer noon when love Was gold, and gold, and gold.


From babyhood I have known the beauty of earth— I learnt it, I think, in the strange months before birth, I learnt it passing and passing by each moon From the harvest month into my natal June. My mother, the dear, the lovely I hardly knew, Bearing me must have walked and wandered through Stubble of silver or gold, as moon or sun Lit earth in the days when my body was begun. And then October with leaves splendid and blown She watched with my little body a little grown, And winter fell, and into our being passed Firm frost and icy rivers and the blast Of winds that on the iron clods of plough Beat with an unseen charging. Then the bough Of spring came green, and her glad body stirred With a son's wombed leaping, and she heard Songs of the air and woods and waterways, And with them singing the coming of my days. And nesting time drew on to summer flowers, And me unborn she taught through patient hours. Then on that first June day, with spices blown Of roses over clover crops unmown, And grey wind-lifted leaves and blossom of bean, She gave her dear white beauty to the keen Anguish of women, and brought my body to birth Already skilled in the sculptures of the earth.

Then in the days when her breasts nourished me, Daily she walked, that happy girl, to see How summer prospered to bring the harvest on, And how the gardens and how the orchards shone With scarlet and blue and yellow flowers and fruit, And hear with equal love the lonely flute Of legendary satyrs in the wood, Or the still voice of Christ in bachelorhood. And she would come I know to me her son With lovely secret gossip of journeys done In fields where some day my own feet should go. It was not gossip in words that I could not know, Mere ease and pleasure for her mother wit, But such as I could feel the joy of it Beating about my baby blood and sense, Maternal tending of intelligence In the unwhispered rites of bosom and lip, Divinings worded in bodily fellowship. And every shape and colour and scent she knew, Were intimations winding, folding, through My infancies of flesh and thought, each one To find its unblemished record and copy done In little moods drawn from the suckling-breast... That now, in manhood, when I find the nest Of the chaffinch moulded in the elder tree, And looking on that lichen cup can see The images of eternity and space Lavished upon a small bird's dwelling-place: Or when from some blue passage of the sky I know that also colour can prophesy: Or, ghosted on the brushing tides of wheat, The gossip of a Galilean street, So many Sabbaths gone, I hear again, And his hands plucking that immortal grain: Or when by spectral ancestries I pass Again to Eden, as the orchard grass Gives out the scent of mellow apples blown From windy boughs—all these, I know, were known By that dear mother when the boy to come Was the zeal and gospel of her martyrdom.

Then came the time when I could walk with her, We pilgrims of the fields, with everywhere Strange leaves, and spreading of earth, and hedgerow themes, And mossy walls, and bubbling of the streams, And the way of clouds, and the full moon to wane, The bird-song in the lilacs after rain, And month by month the coming of the flowers, for me to learn in speech, as had been ours Knowledge unspoken while she fashioned me... And then she died; and I went on to be Through lonely boyhood her disciple still, A wanderer by many a Berkshire hill, By water-meadows of the Oxford plain, By the thick oaks of Avon, with the strain Of an old yeoman wisdom dreaming on New beauty ever following beauty gone, Until I knew my earth and her raiment fair In every difference of the seasons' wear, Long years her scholar, with learning of her ways To slip unleasht all singing into praise Should learning yet by some enchantment be Bidden to passion's better husbandry.

And the enchanted bidding fell. And you, O Love, it was that spelt the earth anew.

O Love, you silent wayfarer, How many years all unaware By blackthorn hedge, and spinney green With larch, I wandered, while unseen You in my shadow walked, nor made Even a whisper in the shade.

O Love, on many an evening hill I watched the day go down, the still Dark woods, the far great rivers wind, Thin threads of light. And I was blind, Or seeing knew not, for you were Beside me still, yet hidden there.

O Love, as year by year went on, And budding primroses were gone, And berries fell, and still the bright Crocuses came in the night, You left me to my task alone, O Love, so near me and unknown.

O Love, though she who bore me set Earth's love for ever on me, yet Some word withheld still troubled me, Some presence that I could not see, Till you, dear alien, should come, And doctrine be no longer dumb.

O Love, one April night I heard The doctrine's everlasting word, And you beneath that starry sky, Unknown, were with me suddenly, Yet there was no new meeting then, But some old marriage come again.

O Love, and now is earth my friend, Telling me all, until the end When I shall in the earth be laid With all my maps and fancies made, And you, Love, were the secret earth Of my blind following from birth.

O Love, you happy wayfarer, Be still my fond interpreter, Of all the glory that can be As once on starlit Winchelsea, Finding upon my pilgrim way A burning bush for every day.



Dear boy unborn: the son but of my dream, Promise of yet unrisen day, Come, sit beside me; let us talk, and seem To take such cares and courage for your way, As some year yet we may.

As some year yet, when you, my son to be, Look out on life, and turn to go, And I, grown grey, shall wish you well, and see Myself imprinted as but she could know To make amendment so.

I see you then, your sixteen years alight With limbs all true and golden hair, And you, unborn, I will, this April night, Tell of the faith and honour you must wear For love, whose light you bear.

Beauty you have; as, mothered so, could face Or limbs or hair be otherwise? Years gone, dear boy, there was a virgin grace Worth Homer's laurel under western skies To wander and devise.

Beauty you have. Cherish it as divine, Wash it with dews of diligence, Not vainly, but because it is the sign Of inward light, the spirit's excellence Made visible to sense.

Athlete be you; strong runner to the goal, Glad though the game be lost or won: Fleet limbs that chronicle a fleeter soul, In every winter valiantly to run, Till the last race be done.

Love wisdom that is suited in a rhyme, And be in all your learning known Old minstrels chanting out of faded time, Since he who counts all years gone by alone Makes any year his own.

And when one day you are a lover too, Come back to her who bore you, dear, Tell out your tale; you shall the better woo For every word that from her lips you hear, For she made love most clear.

Most clear for him who sits beside you now; There was a certain frost that fell Before its time upon a summer bough,— And how at last that reckoning was well, She for your love shall tell.

Labour to build your house, but ever keep That greater garden fresh in mind, That England with its bird-song buried deep In cool great woods where chivalry can find The province of its kind.

Be great or little your inheritance, Know there shall number in that dower No treasure from the treasuries of chance So rare as that you came the perfect flower Of love's most perfect hour.

Go now, my son. Be all I might have been. (Ask her. She knows, and none but she.) Her beauty and her wisdom weathered clean Some part of me in you, that you might be Her own eternity.


What love is; how I love; how builders' clay By love is lit into a golden spending; How love calls beautiful ghosts back to the day; How life because of love shall have no ending— These with the dawn I have begun to sing, These with the million-budded noon that's rising Shall be a theme, with love's consent, to bring My song to some imperishable devising. And may the petals of this garland fall On every quarrel, and in fragrance bless Old friendship; and a little comfort all The weary loves that walk the wilderness, While still my song I consecrate alone To her who taking it shall take her own.


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