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Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology
by John T. Schlebecker
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215. Broad Hoe, mid 19th century. 1959. Constructed by Office of Exhibits, Smithsonian Institution.

216. Miniature Plow, late 19th century to early 20th century. 1959. This plow, made entirely of steel, was found in Alexandria, Virginia.

217. Mattock, 19th century. USNM 230440; 1960. This is an implement for grubbing and digging. Gift of Veikko Jarvis, Negaune, Michigan.

218. Fodder Cutter, 1872. 1960. This hand-cranked machine could cut all kinds of fodder—hay, straw, and corn stalks—with ease and rapidity. Called the "Improved Baldwins American," it was patented in 1867 and 1872. Gift of Thomas W. Bein, Bethesda, Maryland.

219. Oliver Chilled Plow, 20th century. 1960. Steel share, moldboard, and coulter, with wooden beam, frame, and handles. Gift of Oliver Corporation, South Bend, Indiana.



220. Hart-Parr Tractor, 1903. USNM 230442; 1960. The third internal combustion tractor built by the company founded earlier by Charles Hart and Charles Parr. The Hart-Parr tractor could pull gangs of plows or drive large threshers. Oil circulating through the pipes in the square stack cooled the engine. Gift of Oliver Corporation, South Bend, Indiana.

221. Corn Grinder, about 1890. USNM 233465; 1960. This iron corn grinder has "#17" printed on the grease caps of the axle. Gift of Walter A. Hitchcock, Warrenton, Virginia.

222. Cider Mill and Press, late 19th or early 20th century. USNM 234465; 1960. This wooden-frame mill has iron parts, with a feeder-trough and two tubes for draining the apple cider. It was operated by means of a hand crank. Gift of Walter A. Hitchcock, Warrenton, Virginia.

223. Model of John Deere Plow, 1960. Received in 1961. An example of a typical plow of the 1960s. Gift of John Deere Company, Moline, Illinois.

224. Model of John Deere Tractor, 1960. Received in 1961. An example of a typical tractor of the period. Gift of John Deere Company, Moline, Illinois.

225. Sample Fertilizers, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. Samples of 22 types of fertilizers in common use at the time. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

226. Sample Fertilizers, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. Samples of six types of fertilizer in common use at the time. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

227. Sample Fertilizers, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. Samples of eight types of fertilizer in common use at the time. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

228. Sample Fertilizers, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. Samples of six types of fertilizer in common use at the time. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

229. Sample Fertilizers, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. Samples of thirteen types of fertilizers in common use at the time. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

230. Cast-Iron Centrifuge, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. A centrifuge used for running the Babcock milk test, which determined the percentage of butterfat. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

231. Insecticide, 1960. USNM 238503; 1961. A sample of a Pyrox insecticide in common use in 1960. Gift of Dr. John B. Blake, Washington, D. C.

232. Hoe, 20th century. USNM 239136; 1961. A socket-type, three-tine hoe used to weed vegetable gardens, tobacco, and similar row crops. Gift of Mrs. Henry H. Byrne, Washington, D. C.

233. One-Row Planter, about 1870. USNM 237951; 1961. The gears from the drive-wheel mesh with a set of gears that turn the seed plate. The distance for dropping the seed could be determined by the size of the gear used on the drive-wheel. Gift of H. C. Cole, Crestline, Ohio.

234. Portable Gasoline Engine, 1903. USNM 240546; 1961. This machine provided belting power for operating feed mills, cream separators, wood saws, etc. It generated 2 hp at 300-600 rpm. It was covered by two patents dated April 7, 1903. Gift of New Holland Machine Co., New Holland, Pennsylvania.

235. Cotton Planter, 20th century. USNM 240545; 1961. This one-row, horse-drawn cotton planter drilled cottonseed in rows by means of a revolving wooden drum with one-inch holes spaced around the center of the drum. Gift of Lester Souter, Boerne, Texas.

236. Wooden Spade, about 1840. USNM 240543; 1961. This wooden spade has a metal cutting edge. Purchased from Mrs. H. J. Cummings, Washington, D. C.

237. Model of McCormick Reaper, 1831. USNM 236710; 1961. A full-scale model of the 1831 McCormick reaper. Gift of Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

238. Hoe, date unknown. USNM 239502; 1961. This is a socket-type hoe with a half-moon cutting blade. Gift of Dr. Ivor Cornman, Miami, Florida.

239. Curd Breaker, mid 19th century. USNM 239502; 1961. This tool for cutting cheese curds has four 15-inch parallel blades. Gift of Dr. Ivor Cornman, Miami, Florida.

240. Wooden Brace, possibly mid 19th century. USNM 239502; 1961. This implement was used to hold open the split carcasses of hogs. Gift of Dr. Ivor Cornman, Miami, Florida.



241. Holt Combine, 1887. USNM 236419, 1961. Benjamin Holt made this combine around 1887. Its main feature is the use of linked, wrought-iron chain belts for the drive rather than a system of gears as commonly found on combines of that day. Gift of Mrs. C. Parker Holt, Stockton, California.

242. Waterwheel and Shafting, mid 19th century. USNM 238174; 1961. Components of a one-blade, sash sawmill. Purchased from Robert E. Clement, Chester Springs, Pennsylvania.

243. Apple Parer, about 1760. USNM 240544; 1962. The operator sat on the wooden seat and turned a crank which rotated the apple fastened to a spindle. When held at the proper contact, the knife peeled the rotating apple. Purchased from Mrs. Gladys Harbst, Butler, Ohio.

244. Miniature Plow, mid 19th century. USNM 239068; 1962. This plow was caught in a fisherman's net in the Susquehanna River near Havre-de-Grace, Maryland, in 1924. It probably was a display piece for the manufacturer. Purchased from F. P. Leithiser, Milford, Delaware.



245. Sulky Plow, about 1920. USNM 239073; 1962. An all-steel John Deere sulky plow. Purchased from Irwin Vette, Westboro, Missouri.

246. Tobacco Transplanter, late 19th or early 20th century. USNM 239063; 1962. The driver sat on a wooden water barrel on this horse-drawn tobacco transplanter. The men who set the plants in the furrow used the two seats in the rear. Gift of Pollitt Graybill, Diver, Kentucky.

247. Ice Cream Freezer, 1870. USNM 241690; 1962. Thomas Mills and Brothers of Philadelphia made this 40-quart commercial ice cream freezer which was patented on March 15, 1870. Gift of John G. Mills, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

248. Barbed Wire, about 1890-1900. USNM 230572; 1962. A sample of ribbon barbed wire. Gift of Don Holst, Washington, D. C.



249. Moline Universal Tractor, 1918. USNM 242414; 1962. This Model D is particularly unique in that it could be adapted as horse-drawn equipment and could be operated from its seat. It is light and versatile and equipped with front pulley drive and head lights. Gift of Minneapolis-Moline, Inc., Hopkins, Minnesota.

250. Two-Bottom Plow, 1918. USNM 242414; 1962. This plow is attached to the Moline Universal Model D tractor of 1918. Gift of Minneapolis-Moline, Inc., Hopkins, Minnesota.

251. Sulky Plow, 1880. USNM 242414; 1962. A Moline two-wheeled sulky plow. Three horses drew the plow, which has three singletrees and one doubletree. Gift of Minneapolis-Moline, Inc., Hopkins, Minnesota.

252. Grain Binder, 1935. USNM 422427; 1962. This McCormick-Deering grain binder cut the grain and, by means of an apron, carried it through a bundling and tying mechanism. The bundles of grain fell into a set of forks which the operator released. The machine is covered by Patents 1,328,781 and 1,464,736. It is similar to binders used in the 1880s. Gift of J. D. Major, Belton, South Carolina.



253. Dehorner, about 1920. USNM 242977, 1962. This implement, used to trim cattle horns, works like a gigantic clipper. Gift of Newton E. Wiat, Arlington, Virginia.

254. Portable Steam Engine, 1869. USNM 246139; 1962. The first portable steam engine built by the J. I. Case Company in 1869. It burned wood and developed 8 hp. Gift of J. I. Case Company, Racine, Wisconsin.

255. Japanese Cultivating Machine, 1960. USNM 242908; 1962. This Japanese Model KF850 power cultivator has a detachable rotary hoe and a diesel engine with direct drive.

256. Wooden Grain Fork, about 1870. USNM 252786; 1963. A four-tined wooden fork for handling bundles of grain. It was used by the donor's grandfather on his farm in Maryland. Gift of C. Gordon Dentry, Washington, D. C.

257. Model of Lawn Mower, 1962. USNM 256817; 1963. A model of the Suburbia 38, a riding mower powered by a 5-3/4-hp gasoline engine with three speeds between 1/2 mph and 4-1/2 mph. Gift of Herman Becker, Washington, D. C.

258. Broadcast Seeder, about 1892. USNM 257164; 1964. A hand-cranked seeder. Gift of Milton J. Brandon, Silver Spring, Maryland.

259. Tobacco Axe, mid 20th century. USNM 257163; 1964. A tobacco axe used to harvest sun-cured tobacco in the Connecticut Valley region. Gift of Minner J. Cooper, Windsor, New York.

260. Daveat Milk Sterilizer, 1959. USNM 259871; 1964. An autoclave combined with vacuum chambers and other devices that sterilized and canned milk or other liquid dairy products. The process preserved the product with a minimum loss of nutritional value and without causing coagulation. Patent 2,899,320 granted to Elmer S. Davis, August 11, 1959.

261. Hay Bale Hooks, 19th century or later. USNM 260120; 1965. Two bale hooks. Gift of E. Peterkin, Forest Heights, Maryland.

262. Model of Huber Steam Tractor, 1901. USNM 261334; 1965. An operable scale model of a 1901 Huber steam tractor. Gift of Raymond Stout, Washington, D. C.

263. Hand Cultivating Hoe, 20th century. USNM 262244; 1965. A three-tine, curved cultivating hoe probably used in vegetable gardening. Gift of Arnold Miles, Bethesda, Maryland.

264. Cast-Iron Implement Seat, about 1890. USNM 262243; 1965. A cast-iron seat typical of those found on late-19th and early-20th-century farm implements. Gift of K. E. Clark, Los Angeles, California.

265. Grain Flail, 1840. USNM 262250; 1965. A typical flail used in Wisconsin in 1840 for threshing grain. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

266. Turkey Collars, late 19th century. USNM 262250; 1965. Small leather collars, with bells attached, placed on turkeys at a time when farmers typically let their poultry run loose. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

267. Branding Iron, 20th century. USNM 262250; 1965. A #30 branding iron, circle W, used to mark cattle. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

268. Riding Spurs, 1890 or later. USNM 262250; 1965. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

269. Harness Hames, early 20th century. USNM 262250; 1965. Brass knobs from the collar of a horse's harness. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

270. Reaper Hook, about 1860. USNM 262250; 1965. A hand sickle used for harvesting grain. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

271. Iron Pot Hooks, late 19th century. USNM 262250; 1965. Pot hooks made of two pieces of heavy wire hinged on the ends. The hook fastened onto pots to remove them from open fires. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

272. Iron Spike, late 19th century. USNM 262250; 1965. An iron spike, probably from a harrowing device such as a triangular beam harrow. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.



273. Flax Hackle, late 19th century. USNM 263350; 1965. This hackle consists of a piece of wood, 6 by 12 inches, with square iron nails protruding from one side. The homemade hackle shredded flax in preparation for making linen cloth. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

274. Barley Fork, late 19th or early 20th century. USNM 262250; 1965. A wooden, four-tined fork used for handling barley. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

275. Wooden Wheelbarrow, 20th century. USNM 262250; 1965. All parts of this wheelbarrow are homemade. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

276. Wooden Wheel, 19th century. USNM 262250; 1965. A wooden wheel used on a wheelbarrow. Seven separate parts to the wheel illustrate the general construction of wooden wheels. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

277. Grain Sack, about 1865. USNM 263077; 1965. Peter Brugler Snyder used this grain sack about 100 years ago on his farm near Montour Falls, New York. The initials P. B. S. appear on the sack. Gift of Howard S. Rappleye, Washington, D. C.



278. Corn Sheller, about 1898. USNM 264779; 1965. A corn sheller that was operated by means of a hand crank. Gift of Dr. Stephen Lang, San Fernando, California.

279. Barbed-Wire Display Panel, about 1940. USNM 264475; 1966. Display panel of 78 different types of barbed wire. Gift of Dr. Frank Horsfall, Blacksburg, Virginia.

280. Barbed Wire, about 1878. Eight pieces of "Brotherton Barb," a wire patented by J. Brotherton of Ames, Iowa, in 1878; Patent 207,710. It became very popular, and was second only to Glidden's "The Winner" in sales. It had nonslipping barbs and was easy to make.

281. Barbed Wire, about 1882. "Baker Perfect," a barbed wire invented by George Baker of Des Moines, Iowa. It was popular and widely used but never patented.

282. Barbed Wire, about 1881. From Jefferson County, Iowa. Patented by Edward M. Crandall of Chicago, Illinois, in 1881; Patent 247,540.

283. Barbed Wire, about 1876. Two pieces of "Twist Oval," a wire patented by Josiah F. Glidden of De Kalb, Illinois, in 1876; Patent 181,433. The use of oval wire shows an effort to prevent slipping of the barb.

284. Barbed Wire, about 1877. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by Henry M. Rose of Waterman, Illinois, in 1877; Patent 198,688.

285. Barbed Wire, about 1878. From Jefferson County, Iowa. Patented by Michael Daley of Waterman, Illinois, in 1878; Patent 209,467.

286. Barbed Wire, date unknown. From Jefferson County, Iowa. A handmade specimen made with a tool in this collection.

287. Barbed Wire, about 1875. "Dobbs and Booth," patented by John Dobbs and Benjamin Booth of Victor, Iowa, in 1875; Patent 171,105.

288. Barbed Wire, about 1877. From south-western Arkansas. Patented by J. F. Glidden.

289. Barbed Wire, date unknown. From Nodaway, County, Missouri. A claim that this wire was patented by J. F. Glidden has not been verified.

290. Barbed Wire, about 1878. From Jefferson County, Iowa. Patented by Spencer St. John of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1878; Patent 205,697.

291. Barbed Wire, date unknown. Standard cattle barbed wire patented by J. F. Glidden and made by Republic Steel Wire Company.

292. Barbed Wire, date unknown. Standard hog barbed wire patented by J. F. Glidden and made by Republic Steel Wire Company.

293. Barbed Wire, about 1878. From Atchison County, Missouri. Patented by William H. Frye of Marshalltown, Iowa, in 1878; Patent 204,312.

294. Barbed Wire, about 1883. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by Joseph Goss of Beloit, Wisconsin, in 1883; Patent 282,453.

295. Barbed Wire, about 1885. Two pieces of "Brink-Martelle," a wire patented by John J. Brinkerhoff of Auburn, New York, in 1885; Patent 324,211. The round wire lacks its barbs.

296. Barbed Wire, about 1883. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by William S. Bate of Boston, Massachusetts, in 1883; Patent 273,245.

297. Barbed Wire, about 1879. "Champion," or "Zig-Zag," patented by Edward M. Crandall of Chicago, Illinois, in 1879; Patent 221,158.

298. Barbed Wire, about 1881. Two pieces of "Buckthorn" (modified), patented by T. V. Allis of New York, New York, in 1881; Patent 244,726.

299. Barbed Wire, about 1878. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by Ole O. Kittleson of Milan, Illinois, in 1878; Patent 203,349.

300. Barbed Wire, about 1881. Two pieces of "Brink Flat," patented by Jacob and Warren M. Brinkerhoff of Auburn, New York, in 1881; Patent 241,601.

301. Barbed Wire, about 1884. Four pieces of "Decker Spread," patented by Alexander C. Decker of Bushnell, Illinois, in 1884; Patent 299,916.

302. Barbed Wire, about 1879. "Brink Twist," patented by Jacob and Warren M. Brinkerhoff of Auburn, New York, in 1879; Patent 214,095.

303. Barbed Wire, about 1877. "Ladder Barbed Wire," patented by Alexander Decker of Bushnell, Illinois, in 1877; Patent 186,716.

304. Barbed Wire, about 1876. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by Elijah Sims of Aurora, Illinois, in 1876; Patent 178,195.

305. Barbed Wire, about 1884. "Sunderland Kink," patented by L. E. Sunderland of Joliet, Illinois, in 1884; Patent 303,406. This wire has nonslipping barbs.

306. Barbed Wire, about 1892. From Caldwell County, Missouri. Patented by J. W. Griswold of Troy, New York, in 1892; Patent 486,179.

307. Barbed Wire, about 1883. "Stubbe Plate," patented by John Stubbe of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1883; Patent 287,337. This wire carried a patch so animals could see it easily.

308. Barbed Wire, about 1875. "Haish 'S'," patented by Jacob Haish of De Kalb, Illinois, in 1875; Patent 167,240.

309. Barbed Wire, about 1874. "Kennedy Barbs," patented by Charles Kennedy of Aurora, Illinois, in 1874; Patent 153,965.

310. Barbed Wire, about 1868. "Thorny Fence," patented by Michael Kelly of New York, New York, in 1868; Patent 74,379.

311. Barbed Wire, about 1874. "The Winner," patented by Josiah F. Glidden of De Kalb, Illinois, in 1874; Patent 157,124. This was the most successful and most popular barbed wire. It neither slipped nor twisted.

312. Barbed Wire, about 1939. War wire (World War II) from the Australian shoreline.

313. Barbed Wire, about 1880. "Haish 'S'" (modified).

314. Barbed Wire, about 1939. War wire (World War II) from Bizerta, Tunis, North Africa.

315. Barbed Wire, about 1939. War wire (German or Italian, World War II) from Naples, Italy.



316. Barbed Wire, about 1881. "Brink Flat," patented by Jacob and Warren M. Brinkerhoff of Auburn, New York, in 1881; Patent 241,601. This piece has a factory splice.

317. Barbed Wire, about 1875. "Corsicana Clip," patented by Daniel C. Stover of Freeport, Illinois, in 1875; Patent 164,947.

318. Barbed Wire, about 1883. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by Andrew J. Upham of Syracuse, Illinois, in 1883; Patent 284,261.

319. Barbed Wire, about 1883. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by William M. Clow of Wheatland, Illinois, in 1883; Patent 285,014.

320. Barbed Wire, about 1882. From Galloway County, Missouri. Patented by Joseph H. Connelly of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1882; Patent 254,278.

321. Barbed Wire, about 1882. "Dodge and Washburn," patented by Thomas H. Dodge and Charles G. Washburn of Worcester, Massachusetts.

322. Barbed Wire, about 1879. "Ross's Four Point," patented by Noble S. Ross of Chicago, Illinois, in 1879; Patent 216,294. This wire was very common in the prairie states.

323. Barbed Wire, about 1878. Two pieces of "Billings' Simple," patented by Frank Billings of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1878; Patent 205,234. This wire hurt the animals but it was cheap and easy to make.

324. Barbed Wire, about 1881. "Shinn's Four Point," patented by Milton Shinn of Burlington, Iowa, in 1881; Patent 238,447.

325. Barbed Wire, about 1879. Two pieces of "Four Point Wager" from Andrew County, Missouri. Patented by J. F. Glidden of De Kalb, Illinois, in 1879; Patent 214,211.

326. Barbed Wire, about 1877. "Burnell's Four Point," patented by Arthur Burnell of Marshalltown, Iowa, in 1877; Patent 192,225.

327. Barbed Wire, about 1876. Two pieces of "Hold Fast," or "Merrill Twirl," patented by John C. Merrill of Turkey River, Iowa, in 1876; Patent 185,688.

328. Barbed Wire, about 1876. "Lazy Plate," patented by W. Watkins of Joliet, Illinois, in 1876; Patent 184,486.

329. Barbed Wire, about 1879. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by John S. Crowell of Springfield, Ohio, in 1879; Patent 215,888.

330. Barbed Wire, about 1883. From Nodaway County, Missouri. Patented by James B. Oliver of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1883; Patent 286,147.

331. Barbed Wire, about 1875. "Split Diamond," patented by Henry Frentress of Dunleith, Illinois, in 1875; Patent 171,008.

332. Barbed Wire, about 1876. "Jayne-Hill," patented by William Jayne and James Hill of Boone, Iowa, in 1876; Patent 176,120. The barbs clamp very firmly in this wire.

333. Barbed Wire, about 1874. From Andrew County, Missouri. Patented by Josiah F. Glidden of De Kalb, Illinois, in 1874; Patent 150,683.

334. Barbed Wire, about 1939. War wire used by the British army in World War II.

335. Barbed Wire, about 1914. War wire used by the U. S. Army in World War I.

336. Barbed Wire, date unknown. "Glidden No. 51," a wide-faced cattle wire made by Republic Steel Wire Company.

337. Barbed Wire, date unknown. "Glidden No. 50," a closed-face hog wire made by Republic Steel Wire Company.

338. Tool for Barbed Wire, about 1875. Device for making barbed wire on the farm. Patented by John Dobbs and Benjamin Booth in 1875; Patent 166,511.

339. Barbed Wire, 1881. USNM 265912; 1966. "Brink Flat," patented in 1881. Gift of Mrs. Miles McPeek, Washington, D. C.

340. Stump Puller, 20th century. USNM 266811; 1966. A one-man, hand-operated stump puller. The machine consists of several pulleys, a length of wire cable, and a rachet mechanism to give leverage. Gift of A. E. McMechan, Joplin, Missouri.

341. Plowshare, about 1840. USNM 268949; 1966. A wrought-iron fragment from a plowshare said to have been used for cultivating cotton in South Carolina. It appears to be from a "duck foot" type plow. Gift of Great Plains Museum, Lawton, Oklahoma.

342. Saddler's Buck, late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. A small bench with a wooden vise to hold leather and parts of saddles. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

343. Flax Breaker, mid or late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. A rectangular bench measuring about 3 feet long, 3 feet high, and 3 feet wide. The operator pulled a hinged arm of slats down on the bench, which also has slats. The flax stems broke between the slats. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

344. Prairie Sod Plow, late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. This heavy plow with an 8-foot beam broke virgin prairie soil. The long fingers of the moldboard helped break the sod further. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.



345. Butter Worker, late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. This butter worker consists of a wooden tray (3 feet by 2 feet) and a grooved wooden roller. The roller is passed over the butter in the tray by means of a hand crank, thus working the excess water to the top of the butter where it could be poured off. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

346. Grain Scoop, late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. This wooden grain scoop, or possibly flour scoop, measures 12 inches by 18 inches and has a 4-foot handle. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

347. Barrel Churn, 1876. USNM 268199, 1966. This rocking churn consists of a wooden barrel of 5-gallon capacity and a wooden "X" type stand. It was in use in 1876. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

348. Plunger Churn, late 19th century. USNM 268199; 1966. A small (1 gallon) plunger-type butter churn which consists of a wooden barrel and a wooden paddle attached to a 3-foot handle. Gift of Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

349. Tobacco Hogshead, 1869. USNM 249254; 1966. A tobacco hogshead reconstructed from a picture appearing in Harper's Weekly of December 11, 1869. The hogshead, constructed of rough lumber, is 6 feet long and 4 feet in diameter. A horse or mule was hitched to the hogshead. Gift of Laross & Bros. Co., Richmond, Virginia.



350. Fordson Tractor, 1918. USNM 268896; 1966. The 1918 Fordson was the first tractor marketed by the Ford Motor Co. for domestic use. Its four-cylinder gas engine developed 20 hp. The tractor measures 42 inches across the rear wheels and 28 inches across the front. The rear wheels, of steel, have riveted lugs. A winch has been added in the front. Gift of Thomas A. DeLong, New York, New York.

351. Steel Bear Trap, 1876. USNM 4882; 1966. This is a typical bear trap of the late 19th century. It has steel jaws with a spread of 11-3/4 inches and a wrought-iron pan. It weighs 17 pounds. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

352. Steel Deer Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This is a No. 4 steel deer trap manufactured by the Oneida Community in the late 19th century. It has steel jaws with a spread of 6-1/2 inches, a wrought-iron pan, and a double spring. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

353. Steel Beaver Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. A double-springed, steel beaver trap. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

354. Steel Otter Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This trap has a double spring and a jaw spread of 5-1/2 inches. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

355. Steel Fox Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This steel, No. 2 fox trap has a double spring and a jaw spread of 4-7/8 inches. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

356. Steel Mink Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This trap has a single spring and a jaw spread of 4-7/8 inches. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

357. Steel Muskrat Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This muskrat trap has a single spring and a jaw spread of 4 inches. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

358. Steel Rat Trap, 1876. USNM 4772; 1966. This trap has a single spring and a jaw spread of 3-1/2 inches. Gift of Oneida Community, New York.

359. Bottle of 2,4-D Herbicide, 1944. USNM 268668; 1966. This bottle contains a small amount of the original purchase of 2,4-D by the U. S. Department of Agriculture from the American Chemical and Paint Company of Ambler, Pennsylvania, in 1944. It cost $12.50 a pound at the time. Scientists at the Department of Agriculture used the material in extensive experiments on plant growth inhibitors. Subsequently, 2,4-D became the most common chemical used for weed killing. Gift of Dr. J. W. Mitchell, University of Maryland, through Gale Peterson, University of Maryland.

360. Winnowing Machine, mid 19th century. USNM 270009; 1966. Typical mid-19th-century fanning mill with vibrator cleaner. Gift of Mrs. Henry C. Slunt, Hyattsville, Maryland.

361. Winnowing Machine, mid 19th century. USNM 270009; 1966. Typical mid-19th-century fanning mill with screen vibrator cleaner. Gift of Mrs. Henry C. Slunt, Hyattsville, Maryland.



362. John Deere Model D Tractor, 1923. USNM 270865; 1967. The John Deere Model D was the first tractor of the line bearing that name. The Waterloo Tractor Works, Waterloo, Iowa, made the tractor in 1923. Gift of Deere & Company, Moline, Illinois, through George F. Neiley.

363. Waterloo Boy Model N Tractor, 1918. USNM 270864; 1967. The Waterloo Boy tractor was manufactured first as Model R, in 1914, and then as Model N, beginning in 1918. The Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company of Waterloo, Iowa, made the Waterloo Boy. It was the first tractor marketed by the John Deer Company, which acquired the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company in 1918. The Waterloo Boy continued to be produced by John Deere Company until 1923, when that company brought out its own Model D. Gift of Deere & Company, Moline, Illinois, through George F. Neiley.



364. Cheese Press, late 19th century. USNM 170886; 1967. Small, wooden, hand-operated cheese press, dating from the late 19th century but not unlike those in use a century before. Gift of Carlton M. Gunn, Sunderland, Massachusetts, through Allister F. MacDougall.

365. Gas-Turbine Tractor, 1965. USNM 274549; 1967. This HT-340 experimental gasoline turbine tractor operates with a hydrostatic transmission. It is air-cooled and has no brakes, gears, or clutch. The 90-pound motor produces 85 hp. It tended to rear back because of its excessive power and so could not be put into commercial production until a less-powerful engine had been developed. Gift of International Harvester Company, through John J. Dierbeck.



366. Fitzhenry-Guptill Power Sprayer, 1908. USNM 275103; 1967. This is the first power sprayer used by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. It was built in 1908 and used to spray for gypsy moths in New England. It was horse-drawn and had a 2-cylinder mounted engine to furnish power for the sprayer. Gift of U. S. Department of Agriculture, through E. D. Burgess.

367. Truck Seat, about 1921. USNM 276080; 1967. This truck seat, invented and manufactured by the Bostrom Corporation, is significant because of its suspension system, which gave greater comfort and convenience to the driver and came to be used in many truck and tractor lines of several manufacturers. Gift of Bostrom Corporation, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, through Karl Bostrom.

368. Tractor Seat, about 1921. USNM 276080; 1967. A suspension seat for tractors produced by the Bostrom Corporation in 1921. It was used first on the Oliver tractor. All seats now used on tractors derived from this basic design. Gift of Bostrom Corporation, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, through Karl Bostrom.

369. Hog Snouter, late 19th century. USNM 275604; 1968. The snouter is a scissors-like device for clamping a ring in the pig's nose. The ring prevents the animal from rooting under or against fences. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. George E. Morgenstern of Lake Forest, Illinois.

370. One-Way Disk Plow, about 1924. USNM 277629; 1968. Invented in the 1920s but declared unpatentable by the Patent Office, the one-way disk plow became commonplace in the dry farming areas of the Great Plains. The disks, set at an angle, cast less furrow than a moldboard plow. This specimen is a reconstruction of the original. Gift of Francis Angell, Plains, Kansas.

371. Wine Press, about 1884. USNM 279451; 1968. The donor's father brought this wine press to the United States from Rheinfeldon, Switzerland, in 1884. Gift of Mrs. Clara Bieber, Washington, D. C.

372. Mill Picks, late 19th century. USNM 279452; 1968. Steel picks used to repair and sharpen grooves in millstones. Gift of C. W. Wimberly, San Marcos, Texas.

373. Seamless Flour Sack, late 19th century. USNM 279452; 1968. A fairly typical flour sack of the time, although sacks with seams were more common. Gift of C. W. Wimberly, San Marcos, Texas.

374. Sorghum Cane Mill, late 19th century. USNM 280276; 1968. A steel, horse-powered mill, about 4 feet high and 3 feet in circumference, for crushing sorghum stalks to produce syrup; factory made. Gift of Mrs. Emery L. Stout, Lost Creek, West Virginia.

375. Midget Incubator, about 1945. USNM 280277; 1968. Midget incubator and literature pertaining to it. This incubator was patented by E. A. Braun in 1945 (Patent 2,583,993). It was made for educational purposes for schools and laboratories and for use in private homes to germinate seeds, microscopic organisms, etc. Gift of E. A. Braun, Chatham, New Jersey.

376. Ten-Gallon Milk Can, 1920s or later. USNM 282324; 1968. An unexceptional milk can of about 1920, with the more common type of lid. It was found at the farm of Malcolm Brumback, near Belle Grove Plantation, Middleton, Virginia. Purchased.

377. Hand Corn Shuckers, late 19th century. USNM 282324; 1969. Seven hand corn shuckers, each consisting of a spike attached to a handle which fits over the hand. These are quite typical and of a type used for over a century. Gift of John N. Hoffman, Washington, D. C.

378. Model Toy Tractors, 1968. USNM 282697; 1969. Ten model toy tractors, authentic as to outward details: (1) Caterpillar D6, (2) A. C. Crawler, (3) Minneapolis-Moline, (4) Oliver, (5) Case, (6) Allis-Chalmers, (7) G-1000 Vista, (8) Ford, (9) I. H. Hay Baler, (10) Ford set. Gift of Ertl Company, Dyersville, Iowa, through Fred Ertl, Jr.

379. Sidehill Plow (Knapp), late 19th century. USNM 282926; 1969. Sidehill plow patented and manufactured by the Knapps. The plow can be flipped over at the end of the row to cast all the furrows in one direction when plowing on hills. One of several variations on the idea. This is a copy of a 19th-century plow. Gift of N. E. Knapp, through Leslie O. Merrill of San Mateo Historical Association, San Mateo, California.

380. Crop Meter, about 1925. USNM 283306; 1969. This crop meter was developed in 1925 by the Department of Agriculture as an aid in estimating the acreage of cotton in Mississippi. The crop meter was attached to the dashboard of an automobile and connected by cable to the odometer. A circuitous route was followed through the cotton area, and when the driver came to the edge of a cotton field he pushed a button which started the meter measuring the frontage of the field. The total mileage registered could be interpreted in terms of the acreage. The meter method was later replaced by aerial observation. Gift of Statistical Reporting Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, through Harry C. Trelogan.

381. Cotton Boll Weigher, about 1930. USNM 283306; 1969. A cylinder, 2-1/2 feet high, for measuring the size of a cotton boll by water displacement. When this device was used in conjunction with the crop meter, the actual fiber yield of a year's crop could be estimated. Gift of Statistical Reporting Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture.

382. Viking Garden Tractor, about 1916. USNM 287592; 1969. A garden tractor with a gasoline engine and equipped with cultivator prongs. The operator walked behind the tractor and guided it down the rows. Gift of Woodson High School, Fairfax, Virginia.

383. Clam Rake, mid 20th century. USNM 284898; 1969. A small rake, with tines about 10 inches long and a handle of about 2 feet, used by a clam digger on Cape Cod. Gift of Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., West Barnstable, Massachusetts.



384. Model of Aultman-Taylor Steam Tractor, 1892. USNM 285053; 1969. This scale model is fully operative and correct in every detail. It is about 3 feet long, 1 foot high, and 6 inches wide. Gift of Mrs. Raymond Stout, Washington, D. C.

385. Maps of U. S. National Forests, 1908. USNM 284897; 1969. Eight maps. Regional maps of forest reserves in the U. S. and territories as of 1908. Transferred from Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, National Museum of History and Technology.

386. Corn Sheller, late 19th century. USNM 285052; 1969. This factory-made implement is all wood except for the teeth and gears. It could handle only one ear of corn at a time and it was neither shaped properly nor adjustable enough to get the nubbins. Gift of Daniel Gartling, Cockeysville, Maryland.

387. Grass Mower, about 1930. USNM 285052; 1969. This mower, manufactured by International Harvester, has a gasoline engine. The cutters are similar to mower and reaper cutter-bars, but there is no protective cover on the cutting mechanism. Gift of Daniel Gartling, Cockeysville, Maryland.

388. Spring-Toothed Harrow, early 20th century. USNM 285052; 1969. This was a commonplace implement of its type and period. The steel frame, measuring about 4 feet by 4 feet, was designed to be linked into gangs of harrows, of whatever size desired, and to be pulled by horses or tractors. Made by J. I. Case Company. Gift of Daniel Gartling, Cockeysville, Maryland.

389. McCormick-Deering Cream Separator, 1920s. USNM 285052; 1969. A hand-powered, centrifugal cream separator commonly found on dairy and other farms all over the country in the late 19th century and early 20th century. The original owner kept this specimen for replacement parts but he never needed it for that purpose. It is complete and fully operational. Gift of Daniel Gartling, Cockeysville, Maryland.

390. Hay Baler, mid 19th century. USNM 286522; 1969. A horse-drawn screw-press that packed the hay, which was then tied by hand. This baler, 7 feet square and 15 feet high, is similar to machines advertised in the 1850s that were largely superseded in the 1870s. Gift of John Hosford, Stone Ridge, New York.

391. Grass Sickles, about 1884. Received in 1969. Two ordinary grass sickles. Gift of T. H. Bean, Barnridge, Pennsylvania, in 1884. Transferred from Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.

392. Grain Clips, about 1894. Received in 1969. Gift of "D.E.T." in 1894. Transferred from Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.

393. Wright's Patented Expansion Bit, 19th century. Received in 1969. Woodworking tool, a drill. Gift of N. Materville of Connecticut Valley in 1917. Transferred from Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.

394. Heavy Knife, late 19th century. Received in 1969. A knife for cutting hay and straw. From Beardsly Scythe Company. Transferred from Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.

395. Grain Drill, 1900-1910. USNM 287135; 1969. This wheeled, wooden seed box, with metal disks to open the soil, drilled about seven rows at a time. The drill was designed to be horse-drawn, but this specimen has been modified to be pulled by a tractor. The brand name "Hoosier" appears on the box. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

396. Mowing Machine, 1900-1910. USNM 287135; 1969. A horse-drawn, McCormick-Deering sulky mower that later was modified to be pulled by a tractor. This mower is representative of machines in the last years of the horse era in American farming. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

397. Corn Cultivator, 1900-1910. USNM 287135; 1969. A McCormick-Deering four-shovel corn cultivator with two arms for working two rows at once. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

398. Corn Cutter, 1900-1919. USNM 287135; 1969. A McCormick-Deering, horse-drawn corn cutter. The rider grabbed the corn stalks in his arms while a blade cut the stalks on the ground. This implement was used chiefly to cut fodder for livestock. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

399. Fanning Mill, 1900-1910. USNM 287135; 1969. A hand-operated, wooden fanning mill with hurdle, screen, grader, and side spout. The separator and winnower are combined. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

400. Hay Rake, 1900-1910. USNM 287135; 1969. A McCormick-Deering sulky rake with spring steel teeth and a hand-operated dumping mechanism. Gift of Innes Saunders, Leesburg, Virginia.

401. Book: The Growth of Industrial Art, 1892. USNM 287863; 1969. This 200-page book by Benjamin Butterworth was printed at the Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., in 1892. It contains line drawings of many agricultural tools and implements, some of them ancient. Gift of William Perkins, Hyattsville, Maryland.

402. Corn Huskers, early 20th century. USNM 287593; 1969. These huskers fit over the hand like a glove without fingers. A steel hook in the palm removed the corn husks. Similar devices date back to at least the early 19th century. Gift of Melvin Deschner, Halstend, Kansas.

403. Corn Huskers, late 19th century. USNM 287591; 1969. Similar to the huskers in Number 402. Gift of Cecil Eberle, Newton, Kansas.

404. Milking Machine, about 1950. USNM 287862; 1969. A McCormick-Deering milking machine with four suction cups that worked from a gasoline-powered vacuum pump. It is a machine typical of its time and place. Gift of Conrad Lawlor, Madrid, Iowa.



405. Mechanical Cotton Picker, 1942. USNM 288163; 1970. International Harvester Model H-10-H, single-row, spindle cotton picker of 1942. The Model H-10-H, developed in 1941, was the first commercially successful spindle picker. It is about 13 feet high and weighs about 4 tons. This machine and its successors completely transformed the cotton farming industry and led to the destruction of the share-cropping system. Gift of Producers Cotton Oil Co., Fresno, California, through International Harvester Corporation.

406. Duplicator, late 19th century and early 20th century. USNM 290936; 1970. This duplicator, a tube about 2-1/2 inches in diameter and about 12 inches long, was used to copy farm records. The user wrote on paper with an indelible pencil. The original paper and copy papers were placed between two water-soaked linen leaves and all was rolled up on a wooden spool. Then the spool was inserted in the tube and left for a few minutes until the penciled ink stained through the wet papers and thus made copies. This specimen was used on a farm in Virginia. Gift of Mrs. Arthur Z. Gardiner, McLean, Virginia.

407. Orchard Ladder, 20th century. USNM 290936; 1970. This ladder, about 9 feet high and with 10 steps, narrows toward the top. Adjustable legs allowed it to be moved forward or backward for the desired positions in fruit picking. Gift of Mrs. Arthur Z. Gardiner, McLean, Virginia.

408. Tobacco, 1969. USNM 291350; 1970. Leaves of tobacco, a plug of tobacco for chewing, and a leaf roll of tobacco. Gift of Mrs. Wanda White, Thurmond, North Carolina.

409. John Deere Garden Tractor, 1963. USNM 275276; 1970. The first garden tractor-riding lawn mower made by John Deere Company in 1963. Called the 110, it is a typical suburban tractor with a 7-horsepower engine and forward and reverse gears. Gift of John Deere Company, Moline, Illinois, through George Neiley.

410. Montamower Lawn Mower, 1923. USNM 293356; 1970. This lawn mower, made by Montamower Co., Traverse City, Michigan, has 16 rotary blades that are about 2 inches in diameter. The blades are set in a frame and are geared to the same number of wheels on the ground. The machine was patented on August 21, 1923. Gift of Andrew Corle, Chevy Chase, Maryland.

411. "Cyclone" Seeder, early 20th century. USNM 292872; 1971. A crank-operated broadcast seeder that the farmer carried as he walked across the field. Gift of Mrs. Alice Wiser, College Park, Maryland.

412. Straw Beehive, 20th century. USNM 296260; 1971. This skep (a beehive made of woven straw) was made in the 1950s but is of a sort that has been used since ancient times. Gift of A. G. Woodson Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

413. Apple Cider Press, about 1875. Received in 1971. This "Buckeye" press, made mostly of wood, was manufactured by the P. P. Mast Company of Springfield, Ohio. Many presses of this design were used throughout the country. Gift of Mrs. S. D. Mottley, Marshall, Virginia.



414. Roberts-Mackensen Bee Insemination Instrument, 1944. USNM 295414; 1971. This stainless steel device holds the queen bee while the technician performs the operation. Controlled breeding of bees has resulted in hardy and gentle breeds and greater production of honey. Gift of Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Illinois, through Charles Dadant.

Index to the Catalog

(All numbers refer to catalog entries, not to pages)

A. G. Woodson Co., 412

A & P Co., donor, 72

Abbot, Charles G., donor, 27

Agriculture, Department of, donor, 45, 46, 48-53, 55, 99, 366, 380, 381, 385

Allis, T. W., 298

Allis-Chalmers crawler tractor, 378

American Chemical and Paint Co., 359

American Philosophical Society, 88, 207

Angell, Francis, donor, 370

Animals, see Livestock

Animal husbandry, 253, 369, 390

Anthropology, Department of Smithsonian Institution, donor, 391, 392, 394

Anvil, Korean, 6

Apples, implements used in connection with, 222, 243, 413

Apiary, 99, 412

Artificial insemination of bees, 414

Arthur, B. F., donor, 44

Aultman-Taylor steam tractor, 406

Auth Provision Co., donor, 56, 57

Avery Bulldog tractor, 142

Axe, meat, 59; tobacco, 259

Babcock butterfat tester, 68, 230

Bailey, Jeremiah, 170

Bailey mower, 170

Baker, George, 281

Baker Perfect barbed wire, 281

Baking, 93

Baldwin's Improved American Fodder Cutter, 218

Baler, 261, 390

Bananas, 71

Barbed wire, 44, 208, 209, 248, 279-339

Barley, forks for, 132, 274

Barrel, churn, 92, 347; tobacco, 349

Bar share, 111

Basket, winnowing, 18, 141

Bate, William S., 296

Bean, T. H., donor, 391

Beans, equipment for, 74

Bear, trap for, 351

Beardsly Scythe Co., donor, 394

Beaver, trap for, 353

Becker, Herman, donor, 257

Bees, 99, 412, 414

Bein, Thomas W., donor, 218

Bell, Patrick, 174

Bell reaper, 174

Bell(s), cow, 108; turkey, 266

Bench, for lard press, 115; saddler's, 342

Bieber, Mrs. Clara, donor, 371

Billings, Frank, 323

Billings' Simple barbed wire, 323

Binder, grain, 252

Binder's rake, 120

Bit, expansion, 393

Blacksmith, Korean, 6, 7

Blake, John B., donor, 209, 225-231

Blount, Henry F., donor, 9

Blount's plow, 9

Boll, cotton, 381

Book, farm copy, 103

Booth, Benjamin, 287, 338

Borden, Gail, 26

Borden Company, donor, 26

Bostrom, Karl, 367, 368

Bostrom Corporation, donor, 367, 368

Bowl, 117

Boyce, James, 16

Brace, butcher's, 240

Braid, horsewhip, 109

Branding iron, 267

Brandon, Milton J., donor, 258

Braun, E. A., donor, 375

Breaker, cheese curd, 90, 161, 239; flax, 343

Bridle bits, 107

Brierton, Joseph, 42

Brink-Martelle barbed wire, 295

Brinkerhoff, Jacob, 300, 302, 316

Brinkerhoff, John J., 295

Brinkerhoff, Warren M., 300, 302, 316

Brink Flat barbed wire, 300, 316, 339

Brink Twist barbed wire, 302

British barbed wire, 334

Broadcast seeder, 165, 213, 258, 411

Brotherton, J., 280-287

Brown, Edwin, donor, 47

Brown, Frank A., donor, 11

Brown, James W., donor, 118-121

Brown, Ruth, 198-200

Brumback, Malcolm, 377

Brush cutter, 298

Buckeye cider press, 413

Buckthorn barbed wire, 298

Buggy rake, 69

Bulldog tractor, Avery, 142

Burgess, E. D., 366

Burnell, Arthur, 326

Burnell's Four Point barbed wire, 326

Butcher, table for, 116; tools of, 56-67, 240

Butter, implements used in preparing, 68, 82, 92, 95, 140, 230, 345, 347, 348

Butterfat tester, 68, 230

Butterworth, Benjamin, 401

Byrne, Mrs. Henry H., donor, 232

Cane mill, sugar, 100; sorghum syrup, 374

Canning, pan for, 26

Cape Cod clam rake, 383

Carey plow, 23, 46, 127

Carrier for hayfork, 184

Caterpillar tractor, 378

Catholic University of America, donor, 106-110

Cattle, dehorner for, 253; branding iron for, 267

Centrifugal cream separator, 8, 19, 411

Champion barbed wire, 297

Cheese making, implements for, 90, 161, 239, 364

Childs, H. M., 140

China, plow from, 45

Churns, 82, 92, 140, 347, 348

Cider mill and press, 222, 413

Cigars, 166

Clam rake, 383

Clark, K. E., donor, 264

Cleavers, 57, 58

Clement, Robert E., 242

Climpson, Mrs. Harley, donor, 206

Clow, William M., 319

Coffee, 72

Cole, H. C, donor, 233

Collars for turkeys, 266

Colter plow, 47

Combine, horse-drawn, 241

Condensed milk, 26

Connelly, Joseph H., 320

Cookie roller, 93

Cooley creamer, 33

Cooper, Minner J., donor, 259

Corle, Andrew, donor, 410

Corn, tools and machines for, 75, 80, 178-182, 190, 194, 212, 218, 221, 278, 377, 386, 397, 398, 402, 403

Corman, Ivor, donor, 238-240

Corsicana Clip barbed wire, 317

Cotton, implements used in connection with, 37, 235, 341, 380, 381, 405

Cow, bell for, 108; milker for, 39, 40

Cradle, grain harvesting, 32, 69, 91, 104, 119, 130, 143

Crandall, Edward M., 282, 297

Crank, tractor, 125

Cream, implements used for, 8, 19, 33, 68, 230, 391; see also Butter

Crop meter, 380

Crowell, John S., 329

Cultivator(s), 46, 49, 150, 158, 162, 180-183, 185, 195-199, 203, 205, 212, 255, 341, 342, 382, 388, 397

Cummings, Mrs. H. G., 236

Curd breaker, 90, 161, 239

Cutter(s), 218, 387, 398

Cyclone seeder, 411

Dadant, Charles, 414

Dadant & Sons, donor, 414

Dairying, 8, 19, 26, 33, 39, 40, 68, 82, 90, 92, 95, 108, 126, 140, 161, 230, 239, 247, 260, 345, 347, 348, 364, 376, 389, 404

Daley, Michael, 284

Daveat milk sterilizer, 260

Daveat Milk Processes Co., donor, 260

Davies, Elmer S., 260

Davis, Gideon, 52

Davis, Roderick, 27-29

Day, F. B., donor, 69

Decker, Alexander C., 301, 303

Decker Spread barbed wire, 301

Deer, traps for, 352

Deere, John, 42

Deere plows and tractors, 42, 223, 224, 362

Deere and Company, donor, 42, 362, 363, 409

Deerfoot Farm Co., donor, 8

Deering, see McCormick-Deering

Dehorner, 253

De Laval cream separator, 19

De Laval Separator Co., donor, 19

De Long, Thomas A., donor, 350

Dentry, Gordon, donor, 256

Department of Agriculture, see Agriculture, Department of

Deschner, Melvin, donor, 402

Dierbeck, John J., Jr., 365

Diesel cultivator, 255

Disk(s), for plows and cultivators, 77, 185, 370

Dobbs, John, 287, 338

Dodge, Thomas H., 321

Dodge and Washburn barbed wire, 321

Dry farming, plow for, 370

Drill, grain, 202

Duplicator for farm records, 406

Duval, Caleb Paul, 91

Duval, Virginia, donor, 91-96

Eagle plow, 54

Eagle Machine Co., 202

Eberle, Cecil, donor, 403

Eichner, L. C., 207

Engines, gasoline portable, 234; starter, 124; steam portable, 164, 254; tractor, 262

Ertl Company, donor, 378

Fairchild, E. C., 148

Fairhead, R. C., donor, 22

Fanning mill, winnowing, 74, 97, 134, 149, 360, 361, 399

Farmer's Museum, Hadley, Massachusetts, donor, 150-163

Fencing, barbed wire, 44, 208, 209, 248, 279-339

Ferguson, Harry, 76

Ferguson tractor, 76; disk plow, 77

Fertilizer, 148, 225-229

Fiber, 273, 343

Fitzhenry-Guptill power sprayer, 366

Flails, 12, 160, 265

Flax, 273, 343

Flickinger, J. and P., 118

Flop-over hay rakes, 136, 200, 204

Flour mill, 102

Flour sacks, 378

Food processing, implements used in, 22, 26, 56, 73, 90, 92-94, 100, 102, 112-117, 163, 221, 222, 230, 239, 242, 243, 247, 260, 271, 278, 345, 347, 348, 364, 371-374, 376, 389

Fodder, implements used in connection with, 34, 121, 123, 136-138, 146, 147, 152, 157, 168, 184, 191, 200, 204, 218, 261, 398

Forbes, Wells, 103

Ford tractor, 378

Fordson tractor, 350; crank for, 125

Forestry, 366, 385

Forge, Korean, 6

Fork(s), 34, 121, 123, 132, 146, 147, 152, 155, 167, 168, 184, 189, 191, 256, 274

Foster, John, 49

Four Point barbed wire, 322, 324-326

Fox trap, 355

Franklin Institute, donor, 237

Frentress, Henry, 331

Freezer, ice cream, 247

Frick Co., donor, 164

Frick steam engine, 164

Frye, Andrew W., donor, 212

Frye, William, 293

Gallic grain header, 13, 171

Garden tractor(s), 382, 409

Gardiner, Mrs. Arthur Z., donor, 406, 407

Gartling, Daniel, donor, 386-389

Garver, Cyrus, 31

Garver, Daniel, 31

Garver, Melchora, donor, 31

Gasoline engines, 234, 366, 387, 404

Gas-turbine tractor, 365

Gideon Davis plow, 52

Glass butter churn, 82

Glidden, Josiah F., 283, 288, 289, 291, 292, 311, 325, 333, 336, 337

Glidden barbed wire, 336, 337

Goss, Joseph, 294

Goodrich, C. O., donor, 124, 125

Gould, Mary E., 90

Goward, G., donor, 1-7

Grafting knife, 154

Grain, implements used in connection with, 12, 14-16, 31, 32, 36, 69, 74, 91, 98, 102, 104, 105, 118-120, 122, 130-132, 135, 141, 143, 144, 148, 149, 153, 160, 165, 171-174, 189, 192, 193, 202, 213, 214, 221, 233, 237, 241, 252, 256, 265, 270, 274, 277, 278, 346, 392, 395, 401-403, 411; see also, Combines; Harvesting; Reapers, etc.

Grass mowers, 387, 409, 410

Grass sickles, 391

Graybill, Pollitt, donor, 246

Great Atlantic & Pacific Co., see A & P Co.

Grinder(s), for corn, 221; for meat, 22, 94, 113

Grist mill, 102

Griswold, J. W., 306

Ground Hog thresher, 192

Grubbing, hoe for, 206; mattock for, 217

Gunn, Carlton M., donor, 364

Guptill, see Fitzhenry-Guptill

Gypsy moths, sprayer for, 366

Hackle, flax, 273

Haish, Jacob, 308, 313

Haish "S" barbed wire, 308, 313

Hames, horse, 269

Hammond, Warren, donor, 75

Han Chin U, 1-7

Hand tools, see Tools, hand

Harbst, Gladys, 243

Hardy, Peter, 10

Harness, 145, 209

Harpoon hayfork, 121, 123, 191

Harris, E., 191

Harris, S., 191

Harrows, 21, 162, 183, 196, 272, 388

Hart, Charles, 220

Hart-Parr tractor, 220

Harvester, see Combines; Harvesting; Reapers

Harvesting, implements used in, 11-16, 18, 25, 27-29, 31, 32, 69, 71, 74, 80, 91, 97, 98, 104, 105, 118, 120, 122, 130-132, 134, 135, 141, 143, 144, 149, 153, 160, 164, 171-175, 189, 192, 214, 237, 241, 252, 254, 256, 259, 265, 270, 274, 277, 377, 386

Hathaway, Laurence, donor, 90

Hay, implements used in connection with, 34, 78, 121, 123, 136-138, 146, 147, 152, 157, 168-170, 184, 191, 200, 204, 218, 261, 390, 394, 396, 400; see also, Fodder

Hayfork, 34, 146, 147, 152, 168

Headers, Gallic, 13, 171

Hepp, Frank, donor, 25

Herbicide, 359

Heiss, E. W., donor, 34-36

Heiss, John, 34

Heiss, William, 35, 36

Hill, James, 332

Hitchcock, Walter A., donor, 221, 222

Hoe(s), 24, 128, 150, 158, 206, 210, 215, 232, 238, 263

Hoffman, John N., donor, 377

Hogs, 240, 361

Hogshead, tobacco, 349

Hold Fast barbed wire, 327

Holst, Don, donor, 208, 248

Holt, Benjamin, 241

Holt, Mrs. C. Parker, donor, 241

Holt combine, 241

Honey; see Bees

Hook(s), for cutting, 133, 270; for pots, 271; hay bale, 261; meat, 63, 64

Hoover, William H., 56-67

Hoosier brand of grain drill, 395

Horses, implements used in connection with, 106, 107, 109, 139, 145, 147, 186-188, 193, 269, 366, 374, 390; shoeing of, 7

Horsfall, Frank, donor, 265-276, 279-339

Hosford, John, donor, 390

HT-340 tractor, 365

Huber steam tractor, 262

Huskers, corn, 402, 403

Hussey, Obed, 105, 172, 173

Hussey reaper, 172, 173

Ice saw, 163

Ice cream freezer, 247

Incubator, midget, 375

Insecticide, 231; sprayer for, 366

Insemination, bee, 414

Interior, Department of the, donor, 12-17

International Harvester Co., 127 (donor), 365, 378, 387, 405

J. I. Case, Co., 335, 378, 388

Jayne, William, 332

Jayne-Hill barbed wire, 332

Jefferson, Thomas, 54, 88, 89

Jobber, corn, 190

John Deere Co., 203, donor, 223, 224, 245

Kanter, Clayton, donor, 178, 179

Kelly, Michael, 310

Kennedy, Charles, 309

Kennedy Barbs barbed wire, 308

Kinsman, Pelatiah, 48

Kittleson, Ole O., 299

Kloch, Henry, 30

Knapp, N. E., donor, 379

Knapp sidehill plow, 379

Knecht, Albert, 201-204

Knives, 60, 61, 133, 151, 154, 157, 394

Ladder, orchard, 407

Ladder Wire barbed wire, 303

Lambert, Benjamin, donor, 213

Lamprey, J. P., donor, 10

Landis Eclipse thresher, 175

Lard press, 115

Laross and Brothers Co., donor, 349

Lawlor, Conrad, donor, 404

Lawn mower, 257, 409, 410

Lazy Plate barbed wire, 328

Leather, implements used in connection with, 96, 342

Leithiser, F. P., 244

Lesher, Christian, 111

Lesher, Daniel, donor, 111, 122

Livestock, implements and materials used in connection with, 35-41, 106-109, 145, 156, 159, 208, 209, 248, 253, 267, 268, 280-337, 369, 390

Log roller, 129

MacDougall, Allister F., 364

McCormick, Cyrus H., 98, 237

McCormick, Stephen, 38

McCormick-Deering, 205, 252, 289, 396-398, 400, 404

McCormick-Goodhart, Leander, donor, 38

McCormick Historical Association, donor, 28, 29, 98

McCormick reapers, 25, 27-29, 98, 131, 237

McMechan, A. E., donor, 340

McPeek, Mrs. Miles, donor, 339

Machinery, for corn picking, 80; for corn shelling, 278; for curd breaking, 161; for fanning mills, 74, 134, 149; for food slicing, 73; for milking, 39, 40, 126; for power sources, 164, 193, 234, 254; for reaping and mowing, 78, 131, 137, 169, 172-174, 237; for threshing, 12, 118; tractor, 124, 142, 220, 249, 262

Mahlon Smith plow, 177

Major, J. D., donor, 252

Malone, S., 75

Manning, William, 15, 169

Manning mower, 169

Manure, implements used in connection with, 79, 152, 155, 167

Maple sugar, implements used in connection with, 83-87

Marker sled, 194

Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture, donor, 143-149

Massey-Ferguson, Inc., donor, 211

Matterville, N., donor, 393

Mattock, grubbing, 217

Meal, grist mill for, 102

Measures, feed, 35, 36

Meat, implements used in connection with, 22, 56-67, 94, 112-116, 240

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Division, Smithsonian Institution, donor, 385

Mehring, Bessie D., donor, 39, 40

Mehring, William M., 39, 40, 126

Mehring cow milker, 39, 40, 126

Merrill, John C, 327

Merrill, Leslie O., 379

Merrill Twirl barbed wire, 327

Meter, for crop estimating, 380

Miles, Mrs. Arnold, donor, 165-168, 263

Milk, implements used in connection with, 26, 260, 376; see also Dairying; Milking machine

Milking machine, 39, 40, 126, 404

Miller Burial and Pliers Co., 166

Mills, John G., donor, 247

Mill(s), cider, 222; grist, 102; picks for, 372; sorghum, 374; sugar, 100

Mink, trap for, 356

Minneapolis-Moline, Inc., 249-251, 378

Mitchell, John W., donor, 259

Mittinger, A., Jr., 56-67

Moldboard, 51, 88, 89, 201

Moline Co., donor, 249-251; see also Minneapolis-Moline, Inc.

Montgomery, James, 97

Montgomery, Joseph, 97

Montgomery, Ruth, donor, 97

Motley, Mrs. S. D., donor, 413

Mower(s), grass, 387, 396; machine, 137; models of, 78, 169, 170, 257; seat for, 264

Murphy, George, donor, 73

Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, donor, 342-348

Muskrat trap, 357

Muzzle, ox, 156

Neck yoke, 188

Needle; see harpoon fork

Neiley, George F., 362, 363, 409

Nelson, James, 37

Newbold, Charles, 17, 52

Newbold plow, 52

New Holland Machine Co., donor, 234

New Idea brand of implements, 78-80

New York Historical Association, donor, 128-141

Nickerson, William, 119

Noirot, Everett, 142

Nourse, J., 54

Offenbacker, John, donor, 180-191

Old Colony strong plow, 10, 48, 49

Oliver, James, 70, 219

Oliver, James B., 330

Oliver, S. H., donor, 82

Oliver chilled plow, 219

Oliver Corporation 219 (donor), 220, 378

Olmstead, Frank E., donor, 83-87

Oneida Community, donor, 351-358

Orchard ladder, 407

Osmundson, A. G., donor, 81

Osmundson Forge Co., 81

Otter trap, 354

Oxen, implements used in connection with, 41, 100, 156, 159

P. P. Mast Co., 413

Palm, Bessie W., donor, 103

Parr, Charles, 220

Peeler, apple, 243

Perkins, William, donor, 401

Peterkin, E. W., donor, 261

Peterson, Frank D., 260

Peterson, Gale E., 359

Picker, corn, 80; cotton, 405

Pigs, see Hogs, Livestock

Pins, meat, 67

Pitchfork, 146, 152, 155, 167, 168

Plantation, banana, 71; coffee, 72

Planters, 75, 148, 178, 179, 190, 194, 233, 235, 246; see also Seeders

Plow(s), 1, 9, 10, 17, 21, 23, 30, 38, 42, 43, 45-55, 70, 77, 88, 89, 111, 127, 176, 177, 180-182, 201, 212, 216, 219, 223, 244-246, 250, 251, 341, 344, 370, 379

Plowshare, 47, 341

Plunger churn, 348

Pork, see Hogs; Meat

Porter, J. E., 184

Pot hooks, 271

Poultry, implements used in connection with, 266, 375

Power, sources of, 139-142, 186-188, 193, 211, 220, 224, 234, 242, 249, 262, 350, 362, 363, 365, 366, 384

Press, cheese, 364; cider, 222, 413; lard 115; wine, 371

Processing, fiber, 273, 343; food, 22, 26, 72, 73, 82, 90, 92, 94, 102, 112-117, 221, 222, 242, 243, 247, 271, 278, 345, 347, 348; tobacco 166

Producers Cotton Oil Co., donor, 405

Pulley, 121, 340

Pyrox (insecticide), 231

Rakes, clam, 405; hand, 120, 195; horse-drawn, 69, 136, 138, 200, 204

Rappleye, Howard S., donor, 277

Rat trap, 358

Reapers, 13-16, 25, 27-29, 32, 91, 98, 104, 105, 119, 130, 131, 135, 143, 144, 153, 171-174, 207, 237, 241, 252

Republic Steel Wire Co., 336, 337

Rhoades, George, 192-197

Rice threshing, 2

Riddle, grain separator, 214

Roberts-Mackensen bee inseminator, 414

Robinson, Cora E., donor, 123

Robinson, Lucy, donor, 205

Rogers, Noah, 11

Roller(s), for butter worker, 345; for cookies, 93; for soil, 21, 129

Rose, Henry M., 284

Ross, Noble S., 322

Ross's Four Point barbed wire 322

Rutherford, James W., donor, 210

Sabrosky, Jennie, donor, 104

Sacks, flour, 373; grain, 122, 277

Saddler's buck, 342

St. John, Spencer, 290

Salt processing, 101

Samson, Clarissa W., donor, 18

Sap spouts, 83-87

Saunders, Innes, donor, 395-400

Sausage stuffer, 112, 114

Saw, butcher's, 56; ice, 163

Scoop, grain, 346

Scoville, Edward, 41

Scoville, Reign, donor, 41

Scraper, butcher's, 62

Scythe, 135, 144

Seat(s), sulky, 264; tractor, 368; truck, 367

Seeders, 37, 75, 148, 165, 178, 179, 190, 202, 213, 233, 235, 258, 395

Seeds, germinating incubator for, 397

Self-rake reaper, 131

Separators, cream, 8, 19, 33, 389; grain, 31, 74, 97, 175, 214, 360, 361, 399

Shakers (religious community), 26

Share for plow, 47, 341

Sheller, 278, 386

Shinn, Milton, 324

Shinn's Four Point barbed wire, 324

Shoe last, 96

Shovel(s), grain, 346; plow, 180-182, 212

Shredder, flax, 273

Shuckers, 377

Sickle, 153, 270, 391

Sickle bar, 25

Sidehill plow, 379

Singletree, 185

Sims, Elijah, 304

Sinclair, Sir John, 88

Skep, 412

Sketches, Korean, 1-7

Sled marker, 194

Slicer, food, 73

Slunt, Mrs. Henry C., donor, 360, 361

Smith, Mahlon, 177

Smith, Robert, 51

Smith plow, 51

Snouter, hog, 369

Snyder, Peter Brugler, 277

Sod plows, 51, 344

Sorghum cane mill, 374

Souter, Lester, donor, 235

Spade(s), 81, 151, 236

Spike(s), 87, 272

Spindle cotton picker, 405

Split Diamond barbed wire, 331

Spouts, maple sap, 83-86

Sprayer, power, 366

Spreader, butcher's, 65, 66; manure, 79

Spring-tooth harrow, 388

Spring-tooth rake, 138, 400

Spurs, 106, 268

Stabler, Sydney S., donor, 32, 33, 68

Starks, Niels O., 43

Starter, tractor, 124

Statistical Reporting Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, donor, 380, 381

Steam engines, 164, 254, 341, 384

Sterilizer, milk, 260

Stout, Mrs. Emery L., donor, 374

Stover, Daniel C., 317

Strucksberg, S. O., donor, 43

Stubbe, John, 307

Stubbe Plate barbed wire, 307

Stump puller, 340

Sugar, cane, 100; maple, 83-87

Sulky, implements for, 43, 199, 245, 251, 264, 396, 400

Sunderland, L. E., 305

Sunderland Kink barbed wire, 305

Swiggett, Grace M., donor, 24

Swine, see Hogs; Meat

Swingplow, 30

Tavenner plow, 50

Table, butcher's, 116

Taylor, see Aultman-Taylor

Tee-Pak, Inc., donor, 112-117

Ten Eyck, James, 14

Thomas Mills and Brothers, 247

Thompson, Daniel, donor, 100-102

Thorny Fence barbed wire, 310

Threshers, see Threshing

Threshing, implements used in connection with, 2, 12, 31, 118, 139, 160, 175, 192, 241, 265

Thumb, Mathew, 30

Thurmond, Wanda W., donor, 408

Tile knife, 151

Tile spade, 81

Tobacco, 4, 110, 166, 246, 259, 349, 408

Tools, hand, 24, 56-67, 81, 128, 132, 150, 151, 154, 155, 158, 189, 195, 206, 210, 217, 236, 238, 263, 270, 274, 338, 346, 377, 391, 394, 402, 403

Topping Models, Inc., donor, 76-80

Toy Manufacturers Association, donor, 20, 21

Toy tractors, 20, 21, 223, 224, 378

Tractor(s), 20, 21, 76-79, 124, 125, 142, 211, 220, 223, 224, 249, 250, 262, 350, 362, 363, 365, 378, 382, 384, 409; seats for, 368; with cotton picker, 405

Transplanter, tobacco, 246

Trap(s), animal, 351-358; fish, 3

Treadmill, 139, 140

Trelogan, Harry C., 380

Trolley carrier, hay, 184

Trucks, seat for, 367

Turbine tractor, 365

Turkey, collars for, 266

Twist barbed wire, see Brink Twist

Twist Oval barbed wire, 283

2,4-D, sample of, 359

United Fruit Company, donor, 71

Upham, Andrew J., 318

Vacuum pan, 26

Vaughn, Ruben F., donor, 37

Veikko, Jarvis, donor, 217

Vermont Farm Machine Co., 68

Vette, Irwin, 245

Victor mower, 137

Viking garden tractor, 382

Vise, bench, 342; harness, 145

Vista tractor, 378

Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr., donor, 383

Waldron cradle, 32

Wallis tractor, 211

War wire, barbed, 312, 314, 315, 334, 335

Washburn, Charles G., 321

Water lift, wheel for, 101, 242

Waterloo Boy tractor, 363

Waterwheel, 101, 242

Watkins, W., 328

Waybright, Earl J., donor, 126

Welcome, Sir Henry S., donor, 30

Weston, D. M., 8

Wheat, implements used in connection with, 69, 91, 118, 131, 135, 141, 143, 144, 153, 160, 202, 213, 241, 252, 265, 360, 361, 395

Wheelbarrow, 275, 276

Whip, 109

Wiat, Newton E., donor, 253

Wilson, Arden, donor, 74

Wimberly, C. W., donor, 372, 373

Winch, tractor, 350

Windmill, 101

Wine press, 371

Winner barbed wire, 311

Winnowing, baskets for, 11, 18, 141; mills for, 31, 74, 97, 134, 149, 360, 361, 399

Wire, barbed, see Barbed wire

Wiser, Alice, donor, 411

Wood, Jethro, 38

Woodcock plow, 53

Woodson, A. G., 412

Woodson High School, Fairfax, Virginia, donor, 382

Wright expansion bit, 393

Yoke, ox, 41, 159

Zig-Zag barbed wire, 297

Publications on Farming by the Staff of the Division of Agriculture and Mining, 1965-1971

Christian, Pauline B.

1968. Annotated List of Photographs in the Division of Agriculture and Forest Products. Smithsonian Institution, Information Leaflet 519. 126 pages.

Peterson, Gale E.

1967. "The Discovery and Development of 2,4-." Agricultural History, 41 (July 1967): 243-253.

1967. "Living Historical Farms: A Feasibility Study." Smithsonian Journal of History, 2 (Summer 1967): 72-76.

Schlebecker, John T.

1965. "The Great Holding Action: The NFO in September, 1962." Agricultural History, 39 (October 1965): 204-213. [Reprinted in Readings in Collective Behavior, edited by Robert B. Evans. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969.]

1966. "Research in Agricultural History at the Smithsonian Institution." Agricultural History, 40 (July 1966): 207-210.

1966. "The Combine Made in Stockton." The Pacific Historian, 10 (Autumn 1966): 14-21. Illustrated.

1967. A History of American Dairying. Chicago: Rand McNally. 48 pages, illustrated.

1967. A Bibliography of Books and Pamphlets on the History of American Agriculture, 1607-1967. Santa Barbara: Clio Press. 182 pages.

1967. "Agriculture in Western Nebraska, 1906-1966." Nebraska History, 48 (Autumn 1967): 249-266.

1967. "Henry Ford's Tractor." Smithsonian Journal of History, 2 (Summer 1967): 63-64. Illustrated.

1967. The Past in Action: Living Historical Farms. Washington: Smithsonian Institution 67 pages.

1968. Living Historical Farms: A Walk into the Past. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. 31 pages, illustrated. [Reprinted in Early American Life, 2 (January-February 1971): 8-13, 54-59.]

1969. [Editor.] "Colonial American Agriculture," 1701-1800. Agricultural History, 43(1): 1-212.

1970. "Living Historic Farms Tell It Like It Was." In Contours of Change, Yearbook of Agriculture, 1970 (pages 229-236, illustrated). Washington: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

1971. "Farmers in the Lower Shenandoah Valley, 1850." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 79 (October, 1971): 462-476.

1972. "Curatorial Agriculture." Agricultural History, 46 (January, 1972): 95-103.

Schlebecker, John T. and Gale E. Peterson

1972. "Living Historical Farms Handbook." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, 16: 1-91.

Sharrer, George Terry

1970. George Washington Carver. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. 12 pages, illustrated.

1971. "Indigo in Carolina, 1671-1796." The South Carolina Historical Magazine, 72 (April, 1971):94-103.

1971. "The Indigo Bonanza in South Carolina, 1740-90." Technology and Culture, 12 (July 1971): 447-455.

Summons, Terry G.

1968. "Animal Feed Additives, 1940-1966." Agricultural History, 42 (October 1968): 305-313.

Wessel, Thomas R.

1967. "Prologue to the Shelterbelt, 1870-1934." Journal of the West, 6 (January 1967): 119-134. Illustrated.

1967. The Honey Bee. Smithsonian Institution, Information Leaflet 482. 16 pages, illustrated. [Revised 1968.]

1969. "Roosevelt and the Great Plains Shelterbelt." Great Plains Journal, 8 (Spring 1969): 57-74.

1970. "Agriculture and Iroquois Hegemony in New York, 1610-1779." Maryland Historian, 1 (Fall 1970): 93-104.

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1972 O—455-244



Transcriber's Note Amendments to the text: p. 6 - #2. "USNM 10948" has been changed to "USNM 19048" p. 7 - #11. "eliptical in shape, with a frame of thick rods" has been changed to "elliptical in shape, with a frame of thick rods" p. 7 - #12. "5 by 6 inches, restangular" has been changed to "5 by 6 inches, rectangular" p. 8 - #18. "the first settlers of Wobrun, Massachusetts" has been changed to "the first settlers of Woburn, Massachusetts" p. 12 - #42. "and the Deer Company" has been changed to "and the Deere Company" p. 14 - #68. "the amount of buterfat in milk" has been changed to "the amount of butterfat in milk" p. 15 - #71. "diarama" has been changed to "diorama" p. 15 - #72. "diarama" has been changed to "diorama" p. 16 - #81. "used for digding trenches" has been changed to "used for digging trenches " p. 18 - #96. "such an implements" has been changed to "such implements" p. 18 - #97. "Model of Fanning Miill" has been changed to "Model of Fanning Mill" p. 21 - #117. "Eliptical wooden chopping bowl," has been changed to "Elliptical wooden chopping bowl," p. 22 - #129. "It was useful, obivously" has been changed to "It was useful, obviously" p. 23 - #136. Figure 13. "(Catalog No. 136)." has been changed to "(Catalog No. 136.)" p. 34 - #246. "Gift of Pollitt Grayhill" has been changed to "Gift of Pollitt Graybill" p. 41 - #345. Figure 27. "Catalog No. 345.)" has been changed to "(Catalog No. 345.)" p. 43 - #357. "This muckrat trap" has been changed to "This muskrat trap" p. 45 - #375. "miscroscopic organisms" has been changed to "microscopic organisms" p. 47 - #391. "291. Grass Sickles" has been changed to "391. Grass Sickles" p. 47 - #393. No change to "Gift of N. Materville of Connecticut Valley". Inconsistent with the spelling "Matterville" listed in the index. p. 51 - "Allis, T. W. 298" has been changed to "Allis, T. W., 298" p. 52 - "Deer traps for" has been changed to "Deer, traps for" p. 54 - "McCormick-Deering, 205 252," has been changed to "McCormick-Deering, 205, 252," p. 55 - "Pyrox (insetcicide)" has been changed to "Pyrox (insecticide)" p. 56 - "Sunderland Kink barbed wire 305" has been changed to "Sunderland Kink barbed wire, 305" p. 56 - "Swiggett, Grace M., donor 24" has been changed to "Swiggett, Grace M., donor, 24" p. 56 - Tractor(s) "262, 450, 362" has been changed to "262, 350, 362" p. 57 - "Colonial American Agriculture, has been changed to "Colonial American Agriculture," with closing quotes

THE END

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