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The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English
by R. V. Pierce
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For attacks of biliousness, coughs and colds, I think there is nothing equal to the "Discovery," and I bless the day that I first began the use of your remedies.

Very respectfully, HOWARD J. CONVERSE, Civil Engineer, Plain City, Madison Co., Ohio.

A TERRIBLE CASE OF CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I suffered for two years with catarrh in the head, having very severe pains in the top of my head. A hunch came on the side and back of my head—my whole head and face were so sore and sensitive that a pillow of down felt hard, and I was obliged to change my position often. I could not breathe through my nose at all and was obliged to keep my bed fully one half of the time, and could not collect my thoughts to think steadily on any subject—I was really afraid of losing my reason. I got all run-down and was "out of sorts" in general; then I commenced using Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy and Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. To-day my health is good and I have no catarrh.

Yours truly, MRS. JAMES LANSING, Fort Edward, Washington Co., N.Y.

CATARRH AND GENERAL DEBILITY.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—Being an invalid for many years and trying home physicians without benefit, I went to the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, and can most highly recommend this place to all sufferers. I had a severe attack of catarrh and general debility, and after a short stay at this Institute, my whole system was toned up and I was soon enjoying perfect health.

I can truthfully say that this institution fully merits all the praise that could be given it. I never lose an opportunity to recommend all my suffering friends to the Faculty of this Association, for I believe it is in advance of its kind in the world. The physicians and surgeons are skillful and of wide experience, the nurses kind and thoughtful, the rooms large and pleasant, and everything is done to make the visit of any one pleasant as well as beneficial in the highest degree.

I do not hesitate to urge all invalids, no matter what their trouble, to place themselves under the care of the eminent physicians of this institution, being confident that they can give them all the relief that possibly can be obtained from medical treatment and skill.

Truly yours, THOMAS LEWIS, Kamas, Summit County, Utah.

CATARRH AND LIVER COMPLAINT.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Dear Sirs—After suffering for several years with nasal catarrh and liver complaint, and having become greatly reduced in health, as a last resort I placed myself in your hands for treatment My improvement began almost immediately after entering your institution. I was enabled to leave at the end of one month, having experienced great benefit. The treatment was continued at home for a few months, after which my cure was complete. At the present time, I am able for office work, and feel that I am completely cured of the catarrh and have but little if any trouble with my liver. I shall lose no opportunity to recommend your institution or your medicines to the afflicted. I do most unhesitatingly recommend chronic sufferers to visit your institution or take your remedies at home.

Sincerely yours, WILLIAM KING, Rose Bud, Pope Co., Ills.

CATARRH, BRONCHITIS, LIVER COMPLAINT AND DYSPEPSIA.

Ely, White Pine Co., Nevada.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—For ten years I was greatly afflicted with Catarrh, Bronchitis, Liver Complaint, and Dyspepsia. I tried many doctors and remedies to see if I could not obtain relief, but I grew constantly worse instead of better.

I heard much concerning the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute at Buffalo. I concluded to go there and try and obtain some benefit. I staid a month in this famous Institution, and during that time made fine improvement, and when I left felt like another man.

I can truthfully recommend this world-renowned Institution to all the afflicted. The Institution itself, in all its appointments, is far in advance of the age. It is more like a home than a hospital; the rooms are large and pleasant; the table the very best; the nurses kind and considerate, and the doctors skillful and of wide experience. While there I saw and talked with a great number of people who had come to this Institution as a last resort, and they were all unanimous in their praise.

I cannot say too much in favor of the World's Dispensary Medical Association and its Staff of skilled attendants, nor can I too strongly urge all sufferers to go there, being confident that all within the power of medical science and skill can be done for them there. Would send you my photograph as requested, but there is not a photograph gallery within a hundred miles of here. Yours truly,

D.D. Phillips

BRONCHITIS; CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 663 Main St., Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I was troubled for several years with bronchial disease, having a severe cough a good share of the time. Some of my friends thought I had consumption; I got so weak I could scarcely walk across the floor, and raised a good deal. I commenced taking Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and my cough soon got better, and I have not been troubled with it since. That was four years ago; I took only three bottles. I would recommend it to all having throat or lung trouble. I have also used Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy with equally good results. I believe that no one need suffer long with chronic catarrh who is within reach of this remedy.

Yours respectfully, MRS. LENA OSBORNE, Ripley, Chautauqua Co., N.Y.

NASAL CATARRH, LUNG DISEASE, INDIGESTION, ETC.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—Five years since my family physician pronounced my case Pulmonary Consumption. Since that time I nave taken various treatments, some of which have given relief. One treatment that was administered for nasal catarrh, from which I continued to be affected, caused erosion of the mucous membrane, and destruction of the bony septum which separates the two nostrils. Took cold quite easily, suffered from considerable nasal catarrh, with discharges passing posteriorly dropping into the throat; occasional cough with some shortness of breath on exertion. A deep inspiration caused a dizzy sensation in the head; eyesight was impaired as well as the memory. After sitting for a time, and then quickly rising I suffered from blindness as well as a dizzy feeling in the head. I never felt that I was entirely cured of my lung trouble, having many of the symptoms which are common to those in the incipient stage of consumption. I also suffered from indigestion, torpidity of the liver, and constipation of the bowels.

Upon consulting at your Institution, was advised at once to begin the course of specially prepared medicines as indicated in my case. In all, I have only taken two months' special treatment, and it has now been six months since I have required any medicine; all symptoms of disease have entirely disappeared, and I desire to thank you for the interest you have taken in my case, and the treatment prescribed. I have no objection to your publishing my testimony, if by so doing others may be induced to place themselves under your care for treatment at your Institution, or have medicines sent to their homes.

Respectfully yours, H.A. MILNE, Mekinock, Grand Forks Co., North Dakota.

CONSUMPTION.

Ashland, Middlesex Co., Mass., (Box 171).

DR. E.V. PIERCE, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Dear Sir—It is now eight years since I took Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. I had a very bad cough, also night-sweats, and was almost in my grave, as we thought, with consumption, when a friend of mine who died with consumption came to me in a dream and told me to take Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, and, thank the Lord, I did so. By the time I had taken half of the first bottle I felt so much better, I kept on till I had taken three bottles, that was all I needed. I got well and strong again.

Sincerely yours, Clura McIntyre

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH.

DR. R.V. PIERCE, NO. 663 Main St., Buffalo, N.Y.:



Dear Sir—I had been troubled with chronic nasal catarrh for a year; could not sleep at night or rest in the day, because I could not breathe through my nose. I tried everything I was told of, and all failed to cure. I read about Dr. Pierce's remedies and thought I would try them. I used three bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, four of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and I was relieved within two weeks. I continued these medicines for four weeks, and am perfectly cured. I would advise any one who is troubled with catarrh to use Dr. Pierce's medicines. I am very thankful for the remedies."

Yours respectfully, MRS. M. FLEMMING, 698 17th Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.

NASAL CATARRH AND DYSPEPSIA.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—Twenty years ago I was nearly dead with nasal catarrh. I had it several years before I knew what it was, then I read Dr. Pierce's description of catarrh. I felt as he described. No one else had ever been able to tell me anything of the symptoms he described. I simply concluded that if he could so minutely describe, he could also relieve, and I immediately placed myself under his treatment—by correspondence. In a few months I was entirely relieved and have not suffered from it since.

At the time I placed myself under his care I could not breathe with my mouth closed. My friends thought I could live only a few months more. I have had no return of catarrh and enjoy good health. I believe Dr. Pierce's treatment will cure any case of catarrh.

Nine years ago I was under Dr. Pierce's treatment (by correspondence) for dyspepsia. After a few months' treatment I was entirely cured of that terrible disease.

Yours respectfully, MRS. HENRY NUCKOLLS, Rockville, Hanover County, Va.

CATARRH OF TWENTY YEARS' STANDING.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—My catarrh was of about twenty years' standing; my left nostril closed, I could not breathe through it; had a constant pain above my left eye night and day. I commenced using Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, at the same time using the "Golden Medical Discovery"; I used one package and one bottle of "Golden Medical Discovery" and I found great relief; after using the second I thought all was right, but I began to feel the effects of it again, so I got the third and fourth packages, and I am satisfied I am rid of it. Since I commenced using your medicines, I have taken six bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery.

Yours respectfully, JOHN WEAVER, West Carrollton, Montgomery Co., Ohio.

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH CAUSES GREAT SUFFERING.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I had been a great sufferer from nasal catarrh for a number of years which greatly debilitated my system, and in consequence, have been in poor health for the last five years.

Slight exposure would cause bronchial trouble, but kept up under it until a little more than two years ago when I was taken with "La Grippe," which greatly aggravated my other troubles; and for more than six months before consulting you was scarcely able to do anything; could not breathe through my nostrils only a little while at a time either day or night; I suffered dreadfully, having at times terrible pains in my head being unable to sleep some nights more than two hours and then not without dreaming, and when I awoke my head felt worse then when I retired. Had indigestion, chronic constipation and stomach trouble.

A little more than a year ago, while reading in one of your Memorandum Books I decided to try your Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, "Favorite Prescription" and "Pellets;" and after using several bottles, I began to get better and to get some strength, but my catarrh remained about the same until I consulted you by letter and the remedy prescribed proved effectual; after three months' treatment, I am able to do most of my house work.

Yours respectfully, MRS. SARA M. CROCKER. P.O. Box 332. Niantic, New London Co., Ct.

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH.

THOUGHT HIS CASE HOPELESS—TWO BOTTLES CURE.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY-MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



It gives me great pleasure to testify to the merits of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. I can say honestly and candidly that it is the grandest medicine ever compounded for catarrh. I suffered terribly with that dreadful disease and thought my case a hopeless one. I have expended on my case about forty dollars for different remedies guaranteed to cure catarrh in its worst form, but received no benefit therefrom. I also received treatment from two physicians, but they did me no good. Having read a great deal about Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, I concluded to try it. The first bottle gave the most pleasing results, and the second bottle completely cured my case, which I considered hopeless. I most heartily recommend Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy to all suffering from catarrh, with the assurance that it will surely cure. It is a great boon to suffering humanity. Hoping that this humble testimony may be the means of leading many sufferers to try your most valuable medicine with the same happy results as I experienced, and wishing you the best of success, I am,

Yours sincerely, AUGUST G. MEISE, Vincennes, Ind.

NASAL CATARRH.

Naples, Uinta Co., Utah.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—I have been using Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy and have been taking "Golden Medical Discovery" since I last wrote to you. I am well pleased with the result. I feel better than I have for years. The "Golden Medical Discovery" caused a very unpleasant sensation to pass through my body at first but I do not feel it much now. I have recommended it to others and the only complaint I hear now is that our druggist cannot keep a supply on hand.

I take pleasure in reporting my case to you, and I feel that the interest you have taken in my case has been a blessing unto me.

My mother has suffered with bad legs for over twenty years and last fall they got so bad she was unable to walk. She has taken "Golden Medical Discovery" all winter and is now able to walk a little. She says she feels better in body than she has for years. She has spent the most of her life among the sick and speaks very highly of your medicines.

Yours truly, Geo A. Slough

IMPURE BLOOD AND CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 663 Main St., Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—My health is better now than it has been in ten years. I used six bottles of "Golden Medical Discovery," and three bottles Doctor Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and since using your medicines I have been able to do more work than before. I have been teaching school since my health got better and last year I was able to travel and preach fifty-nine sermons, besides my work of teaching.

For four years I suffered with catarrh in my head, and impure blood, until my health was very feeble. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery I found to be the best blood-purifier I ever used. Had I not used your remedies I believe that I would have been dead to-day, or at least not able to say anything. But instead of that I am able to walk one and one-half miles and teach school every day.

Yours truly, REV. J.H. TATE, Wahoo, Sullivan Co., Tenn.

CATARRH AND DYSPEPSIA

CURED BY SPECIAL HOME-TREATMENT.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I am happy to inform you that my catarrh and dyspeptic symptoms have all vanished. I am no longer troubled with headache and stoppage of the nose, my stomach is in good order, and I enjoy three hearty meals daily without any bad feelings.

I have gained in almost every respect, particularly in weight and strength, since beginning the use of your specially prepared medicines. By continuing to follow your special hygienic rules, I believe no relapse will occur.

Yours respectfully, BERTHOLD EBERHARDT, N.E. Cor. 10th and Callowhill Streets, Philadelphia, Pa.

NASAL CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I have used your Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy and Dr. R.V. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and they cured me of a severe Catarrh in the Head. I can honestly recommend them to all who may suffer from that distressing disease.

Yours truly. M.D. INGRAM, Ingram, Bell Co., Ky.

Mr. Ingram had suffered for many years from the most distressing symptoms, such as profuse offensive discharge from nose, stopping up of nose, sneezing, weak eyes and frequent headache.

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH AND LUNG DISEASE.

Marlow, Baldwin Co., Ala.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—I had catarrh in the head for years, and trouble with my left lung at the same time. You put so much faith in your remedies that I concluded to try one bottle or two, and I derived much benefit therefrom. I used up three bottles of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, five bottles of your "Golden Medical Discovery," and in four months I was myself again. I could not sleep on my left side, and now I can sleep and eat heartily. So long as I have your medicines on hand I have no need of a doctor; I do not think my house in order without them.

Yours truly, A.H. Heard

A DEBT OF GRATITUDE.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—Some ten years ago I suffered untold agony from chronic nasal catarrh. My family physician gave me up as incurable, and said I must die. At this time I weighed 110 pounds. My case was such a bad one, that every day, towards sunset, my voice would become so hoarse I could barely speak above a whisper. In the morning my coughing and clearing of my throat would almost strangle me. By the use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy in three months I was a well man; the cure has been permanent, and I now weigh 148 pounds.

Yours truly, PROF. W. HAUSNER, Ithaca, Tompkins Co., N.Y.

CATARRH, DEAFNESS AND OTHER COMPLICATIONS.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I take pleasure in announcing to you that I have been greatly benefited by your medicines; my trouble began with nasal catarrh and extended to my throat and ears; my bowels were inactive and my general health became impaired; my worst trouble, however, was dullness of hearing. I had an uncomfortable, bad feeling in my ears—akin to earache; I had a watery discharge from the nose; I had to hawk and spit a great deal at times; my mind was greatly affected also and had a great deal of pain in the head. Upon advice of friends to try your medicines I resolved to do so. Have used six bottles of your "Golden Medical Discovery" and two bottles of Sage's Catarrh Remedy. The pain in my head is gone and my health is greatly improved and am working every day, something I could not do before. My appetite is good.

Yours truly, MORRIS C. WEAVER, No. 171 E. Genesee St., Buffalo, N.Y.

BRONCHIAL DISEASE.

Clifford, Susquehanna Co., Penna.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—The doctors said I had bronchitis, and I doctored with five different physicians before taking your medicines. My throat would bleed from three to five times a day—half a dozen mouthfuls perhaps—as fresh as if you had cut your finger, and I was in a generally weakened state although able to be about the house, but the least exertion would make me tremble. Finally I purchased one of Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Advisers, and read it a good deal, and so was induced to take your medicines. I took in all seven bottles of the "Golden Medical Discovery," one of the "Favorite Prescription," and one bottle of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and some of the "Pellets," and they did everything for me—more than anything else I ever tried. In about six months' time I was well. Now, my throat does not trouble me unless I take cold. It has been about six years since I took your medicines, and I think they cured me.

I think there are no medicines equal to your medicines, and would recommend them to all suffering ones.

Yours truly, Mrs. Lewis Johnson

CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I had the catarrh in the head for about fifteen years; my head was always stopped up and I had pains almost constantly. My nose would run, and stuff would fall into my throat whenever I would lie down, and at other times it seemed dry and crusty, and then my head would become stopped up and I would suffer again.

I used cubebs and glycerine for a long time; they only relieved me while I was using them. I used several other kinds of stuff, but I received no benefit from them. I had nearly given up in despair. At last I came across one of your advertisements of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy in one of your Memorandum Books, and I thought I would try it. It is the grandest thing on earth. I was thankful to God I found something at last to stop my suffering. May God bless you, dear friends, for saving my life.

I used your medicine about eight weeks: it only took two bottles to cure me sound and well after all the rest had failed.

Yours truly, DAVID MINER, Bridgeport, Marion Co., Ind.

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH.

HALF A DOZEN BOTTLES OF DR. SAGE'S CATARRH REMEDY WITH DR. PIERCE'S GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOVERY CURES PERMANENTLY A BAD CASE OF CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, NO. 663 Main St., Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I was suffering from chronic catarrh, and bought a half-dozen bottles of your Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, also some of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery to purify my blood and I am happy to say I am permanently cured of that disease.

Years after this letter was written Mr. Hodges informs us that his cure has remained permanent.

Yours truly, N.M. HODGES, Laketown, Rich Co., Utah.

CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH. STARTED WITH LA GRIPPE.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I think it is time I reported my case to you, as it is five months since I began using your medicines. I have taken five bottles of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and used it with Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. I have no signs of catarrh now, and can say I never felt better in my life, then while taking your medicine. Two years later Mr. Thomas says: I nave not been troubled with catarrh since taking the "Catarrh Remedy." I am a tenor singer and my voice almost left me when I had the catarrh but now my voice has come back. Yours respectfully,

E.W. THOMAS, Box 18, Garden City, Miss.

CATARRH AND OTHER COMPLICATIONS.

North Berne, Fairfield Co., Ohio.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—My health is good. I am restored from weak eyes, weak stomach, catarrh, also female trouble. I took two bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, one bottle of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. It took wonderful effect. I have recommended your medicines a great deal, and have done a great deal of work for you. I have been the cause of selling quite a quantity of medicine in this county, and I will do all I can for you.

Yours truly, Sarah Campfield

CATARRH OF EIGHT YEARS' STANDING.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I write this to let you know that I am well of that disease called catarrh of the head. Three years ago this fall I had catarrh in its worst form, till from three gills to one and one-half pints of corruption would be expectorated in twenty-four hours.

Then I noticed your advertisement. Six months after taking your medicines I thought it too soon to tell you, but I can now say that my money was well spent in buying your medicine, for it resulted in a permanent cure. The catarrh was of eight years' standing.

Yours respectfully, EDWARD M. BAILEY, Taggart, Harrison Co., Mo.

DREADFUL COUGH. ABSCESS OF LUNG.

Brookeland, Sabine Co., Texas.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—Seven years ago I was on the verge of the grave, with what the physician pronounced an abscess of the right lung. It lingered on for three years. During that time my side discharged large quantities of pus and I had a dreadful cough. I was so weak that I could not walk fifty yards without being completely exhausted. I had taken every kind of medicine that was recommended for similar maladies, such as cod liver oil, sarsaparillas, iron tonic and syrup of hypophosphites, without any relief. I was about discouraged when I commenced taking Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. I took six bottles and it completely restored me to health. The discharge stopped from my side, and the cough has ceased. I am now able to follow my profession, which is a teacher of penmanship. I can walk ten miles any day without the least worry. If any one doubts this statement they can write me and I will verify the above statement.

Trusting that this may be the means of assisting some one else who is suffering untold miseries, as I did before using the "G.M.D."

I am, fraternally thine, F. Berryman, Jr.

CATARRHAL DEAFNESS.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I was nearly deaf on the right side of my head. I used three or four bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and four bottles of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy with the Nasal Douche, in the first trial. Cold weather coming on I had to stop, as I could not use the Injector in freezing weather, but I was greatly benefited. Along towards spring I found it was coming back, from taking cold, and, after several trials of other remedies, I again began the use of your medicines, taking two bottles of the "Golden Medical Discovery" and three bottles of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and I feel safe in believing I am cured as I feel no signs of its return. My health is very good for a man of 74 years of age and I am satisfied that Dr. Pierce's Medicines did it. I recommend them whenever I have a chance.

Yours respectfully, S.P. GRAY, Graham, Nodaway Co., Mo.

BRONCHITIS. LIVER COMPLAINT.

318 E. 83rd St., New York City, N.Y.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—I am extremely sorry not to have informed you sooner of the magnificent result I obtained from your most valuable medicines. When, sometime ago, I consulted you in regard to my affliction, bronchitis, I was indeed fearing the worst. But I had so much confidence in your medicines, which I had previously used for colds and liver complaint with good results, that I strictly followed your kind advice and continued taking it until I was assured of perfect health. I took five bottles of your Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, using the "Pellets" combined as directed, and the effect was magical. I am now healthy and hearty. Heartily thanking you for your kind advice and assistance, I remain, gentlemen.

Yours most respectfully, Paolo Bedesing

LINGERING COUGH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.

Gentlemen—I contracted a cough during the winter of 1889 and tried many different kinds of cough medicines, but none did me any good. I at last became alarmed, and wrote to Dr. R.V. Pierce to know if he could prepare a medicine that would cure me, and I was advised to try his "Golden Medical Discovery," which I did, and am glad to say that only two bottles cured me after letting the cough run on from the winter of 1889 until the spring of 1893.

Yours respectfully, MORGAN. C. LILLY, Holston, Washington Co., Va.

NERVOUS DEBILITY AND CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—I have enjoyed good health since I took your treatment. I suffered intense agony for five months, and after taking one month's medicine I found very much relief—so much I was surprised.

Many thanks for the good your medicines have done me, and my prayers are that God may help you in your good work, and that you may live long and prosper.

Yours respectfully, MRS. ALICE HOFFMAN, Box 183, Clarksville, Butler Co., Iowa.

NERVOUS DEBILITY AND CATARRH.

Big Piney, Pulaski Co., Mo.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—I was treated by you eleven years ago for nervous debility and chronic catarrh of eight years' standing and of a very aggravated nature. I was considered near my grave by many of my friends when I commenced treatment.

I used eight months' special treatment, after while I used some 12 or 15 bottles of your Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and have had excellent health ever since.

Yours truly, B.P. Dake.

CURE OF DEAFNESS DUE TO CATARRH.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—For several years I was troubled with catarrh and deafness of the right ear—the hearing becoming more and more defective until I could scarcely hear at all. There was a constant ringing, roaring noise in my ear, and finally the disease assumed a very painful form.

The ear became very sensitive to the touch, and the pain and inflammation extended into the eustachian tube and down into the throat. I could scarcely sleep at night, and during the day I suffered constantly.

I finally decided to consult Dr. Pierce, and acting under his advice, I began the use of "Golden Medical Discovery" and Sage's Catarrh Remedy by means of Dr. Pierce's Nasal Douche.

I soon began to improve and after using three bottles each of the above named remedies the pain and soreness left my ear, my hearing returned and I considered myself completely cured, and indeed there has been no recurrence of the trouble since.

Sincerely yours, T.J. WILLIAMS, Byrneville, Harrison Co., Ind.

ASTHMA AND CATARRH.



WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—For some months I suffered from a shortness of breath and dryness in the throat which usually came on at night, and these symptoms gradually became aggravated until it was impossible for me to procure enough sleep so that I could perform my daily duties about the farm. Deriving no relief from such treatment as I was taking I came to your Institution, was examined by your specialist, who pronounced my case asthma, complicated with nasal catarrh. After using the special medicines which he prepared for me for a few days I commenced to feel better, the shortness of breath gradually disappearing; the paroxysms of asthma were less frequent and not so severe.

After taking only two months' treatment I was completely restored to my previous good health, and for five months it has not been necessary for me to use any medicine, and I feel that I am perfectly well. I give you this testimonial in order that others who are similarly afflicted may know of your skill in treating cases of this nature, and seek relief from your Institution.

Respectfully, GOTTLIEB BERNER, Cheektowaga, Erie Co., N.Y.

ASTHMA COMPLICATED WITH BRONCHITIS.



WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:

Gentlemen—It is five weeks to-day since I was at your place for medical treatment for a bronchial and asthmatic difficulty; it had got so bad that it was hard work for me to breathe if I moved around any; I have sat up many a night for when I laid down I could not get my breath. I had six different doctors to aid me—all the good they did me was to get my money. Can say, of a truth, that you have done mo more good than all other doctors. One doctor said I would not live two years; that is four years ago and I am yet alive. I am sure I am now on the safe road to recovery with your treatment.

Yours, etc., T.E. STANTON, Manlius, Onondaga Co., N.Y.

ASTHMA, OR PHTHISIC.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—In gratitude to yourselves as well as to give my fellow sufferers the benefit of my experience I wish to say, that immediately after receiving your courteous reply to my letter, describing the difficulty in breathing after any extra exertion, I began taking Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, and before I had finished the first bottle I was greatly relieved.

I have taken less than one-half dozen bottles, and although the disease was of about three years' standing, I can now do as big a day's work as any of my neighbors and as many of them, for all of which I am indebted to the "Golden Medical Discovery."

Yours respectfully, AVERY F. BUTTLES. Norden, Keyapaha County, Nebr.

NASAL POLYPI.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL, ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—It is with pleasure that I can testify to your skillful operation in removing a number of nasal tumors.

I had been a great sufferer from acute headaches, caused by the tumors, for years.

I cannot speak too highly of the benefit I received at your Institution the two months I stayed with you. I feel sure of a permanent cure as I do not have the headaches as formerly.

Yours respectfully, GEORGE H. BAILEY, Hinsdale, Cheshire Co., N.H.

ASTHMA CURED.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—My wife was afflicted with asthma for twenty years: as she grew older she grew worse. Her case was treated by three eminent doctors, but all failed; they told me there was no cure for it. Discouraged as I was, I resolved to try Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery; she used five bottles and two vials of your "Pleasant Pellets," which has made a permanent cure. She has gained twenty pounds in weight since the cure was effected.

Yours truly, D.R. KYKER, English, Cocke Co., Tenn.

COMPLICATION OF DISEASES.

A GRATEFUL PATIENT'S WORDS OF PRAISE.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 663 Main Street, Buffalo, N.Y.



Gentlemen—Having been in your Institution as a sufferer from two distinct chronic diseases of years' standing, and having been placed under the charge of your specialists, I was speedily relieved of my afflictions. The Invalids' Hotel is a place as much like home as it is possible for such an institution to be. The physicians and surgeons are all expert specialists and thoroughly efficient; the nurses are very competent, attentive and kind; and, in fact, the whole personnel of the Invalids' Hotel endeavor to do their best to make the patients feel like being at home. I always felt while there as if I was one of the family. I gladly recommend your Institution to all persons who are afflicted with any kind of chronic disease, for from my own experience I know the professional staff will do all which they promise to do. Please accept my thanks for the speedy benefits and perfect cure of my diseases, and I think your Institution is worthy of the highest endorsement.

Yours truly, WILLIAM HENKEL, No. 1917 Congress Street, St. Louis, Mo.

LUNG TROUBLE.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASS'N, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—When I commenced taking your medicines, eighteen months ago, my health was completely broken down. At times I could not even walk across the room, without pains in my chest. The doctor who attended me said I had lung-trouble and that I would never be well again. At last I concluded to try Dr. Pierce's medicines. I bought a bottle of "Golden Medical Discovery," took it and soon commenced to feel a little better, then you directed me to take both the "Golden Medical Discovery" and the "Favorite Prescription," which I did. Altogether I have taken eighteen bottles of "Golden Medical Discovery," twelve of the "Favorite Prescription" and five vials of "Pellets." I am now almost entirely well and do all my work without any pain whatever, and can run with more ease than I could formerly walk.

Yours truly, MRS. CORA L. SUNDERLAND, Chaneyville, Calvert Co., Md.

ASTHMA, OR PHTHISIC.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—For six or seven years I have been a great sufferer from asthma, being for weeks so I had to sit in my chair night and day; and to all people suffering with the disease, I am glad to recommend your medicines of which I have taken only a few bottles. I now call myself cured, for I have not had asthma for a long time.

Yours respectfully, MRS. EMILY OWEN, Hinsdale, Cheshire Co., N.H.

NERVOUS PROSTRATION FOLLOWING GRIP.

WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N.Y.:



Gentlemen—In January of '90 took the "grippe," went to work before I was well, was caught in a rain which gave me a very bad relapse, resulting in lung fever and complete prostration; was on my bed two months, and when I did get out, the strength to walk any more than just a few rods did not come back. My family doctor and two prominent physicians of Sioux City, did me no good. Late in the fall I got a bottle of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, which quieted my trembling nerves and gave me an appetite to eat. I then concluded to try the Doctor, personally. Up to this time I was in a pitiable condition. Sometimes I could not sleep until I felt almost wild, then sleep so much I would be stupefied. I could not digest any food and my whole system was wasting and failing fast. I doubt if any one who saw me expected me to get well. I took the treatment sent me by the World's Dispensary Medical Association for more than a year. The medicine never gave me any distress as other medicines had done before. I began to improve from the start, but the change from one extreme to the other was like the growth of a child.

To any one suffering from nervous prostration I would say, "don't be impatient." It takes a long time for weakened nerves to grow strong. I have at last become strong and well, thanks to the Giver of all good and the grand Institution at Buffalo. I nave since married a noble-hearted young woman, and when I am playing with our sweet, healthy, baby girl, I give way to the thought that at last the long, Bad chapter of my life is ended; at such times her merry laugh sounds like a song of triumph of life over death.

Gratefully yours, W.S. NICHOLSON, Willow Creek, Clay Co., Iowa.

* * * * *



DISEASES OF THE HEART.

Diseases of the heart are classified as either functional or organic We shall dwell only briefly upon purely functional derangements of the heart; as increased, or excited action, defective, or enfeebled action, and irregular action.

Increased action of the heart, indicated by palpitation, or increased number of the beats, may be caused mechanically, as by distention of the stomach, which, by preventing the descent of the diaphragm, excites the action of this organ. Or it may be a sympathetic disturbance produced through the nervous system; thus the emotions and passions may suddenly arouse the heart to excessive action; or the presence of worms in the intestines, improper food, and masturbation, may be the cause. The use of tea, tobacco, and alcoholic drinks excites the heart. We have found that the excessive use of tobacco is very frequently the cause of functional derangement of this organ. Deficiency of the blood, as in anaemia, may be the cause of palpitation of the heart.

Functional disturbance of the heart's action is manifested by palpitation, irregularity, intermissions, a rolling or tumbling movement, and a feeling as if the heart were in the throat. These symptoms often give rise to great apprehension, anxiety, fear, and depression of mind.

TREATMENT. The curative treatment of functional derangement of the heart must have reference to the causes producing it. If it is in consequence of indigestion, the appetite and digestion should be improved by observing regularity in the time of taking the meals, and eating very easily-digested food. The use of strong tea, coffee, tobacco, and spirits, should be interdicted, and regular exercise, rest, and sleep should be enjoined.

In all cases, the domestic management should include daily bathing, exercise in the open air, regular habits, and the avoidance of all causes which tend to excite the heart's irregularity.

The remedial treatment of these functional affections ought to be confided to some experienced physician, as the remedies are not within the ordinary reach of all families, nor if they were, would they have sufficient experience and knowledge to select and properly administer them.

ORGANIC DISEASE OF THE HEART.

By organic disease we mean disease pertaining to the structure of the heart itself, in contradistinction to functional disease, which has reference merely to the action of the heart. The heart is subject to various organic diseases, but we have only space to consider, in the briefest manner, those which are the most common. It is essential that the reader should have some knowledge of the anatomy and functions of the various parts of the heart in order that its diseases and their effects may be comprehended; therefore the anatomy and physiology of this organ, given in Part I, Chapter VII, of this work, should be carefully studied.

It is very evident that any disease which affects the structure and function of any part of the heart must, necessarily, give rise to certain modifications of the pulse, sounds, etc. It is through the observation and study of these modifications and changes that we arrive at a correct diagnosis as to the precise location and character of the disease.



Until within comparatively recent years, physicians were very much in the dark regarding diseases of the heart. Now, however, with a thorough knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the heart and the parts surrounding it, and with the aid of instruments which modern ingenuity has given us, we are able to diagnosticate with precision the slightest lesions of any part of this important organ, and, knowing their nature, to map out an appropriate course of treatment. With the aid of the stethoscope, invented by Laennec and improved upon by Camman, we are able to distinguish the slightest deviation from the normal sounds, and, by noting the character of the sound, the time when it occurs, the area over which It is heard most distinctly, and the direction in which it is transmitted, to locate the lesion which produces it. By the aid of the sphygmograph, first invented by Herrisson, and afterward improved upon by Ludwig, Vierordt, Marey, and lastly by Pond, of our own country, the pulsations at the wrist are registered, and thus made perceptible to the eye.

We herewith give a cut, Fig. 1, of Pond's instrument, and two tracings made by it. The first is a healthy tracing, and the second indicates enlargement, technically called hypertrophy, of the heart

PERICARDITIS, or inflammation of the membranous sac which surrounds the heart, may be either acute or chronic. The symptoms in acute pericarditis are made up from co-existing affections, and are frequently associated with articular rheumatism, Bright's disease of the kidneys, or pleuritis The intensity of the pain varies in different individuals. The action of the heart is increased, the pulse is quick, and vomiting sometimes takes place. When this disease is developed in the course of rheumatism, it is known as rheumatic pericarditis, and is almost always associated with endocarditis. In some cases acute pericarditis is very distressing, in others it is mild. The fatality is not due so much to the disease itself, as to co-existing affections. When it does not prove fatal, it sometimes becomes chronic.

In chronic pericarditis, pain is seldom present. The heart is generally more or less enlarged, its sounds are feeble, the first being weaker than the second.

ENDOCARDITIS, or inflammation of the membrane lining the cavities of the heart, is one of the most frequent forms of heart disease. It is almost invariably associated with acute rheumatism, or some of the eruptive fevers, as small-pox, scarlet fever, etc., and is due to the irritation of the unhealthy blood passing through the heart. The disease is generally attended with little or no pain, and, consequently, if the attending physician be not on the alert, it will escape his observation. When associated with acute rheumatism, the disease is only in rare instances directly fatal, but in the great majority of cases it leaves permanent organic changes, which sooner or later develop into valvular affections, and these may eventually destroy life. When the disease occurs, however, as the result of pyaemia (blood-poisoning produced by the absorption of decomposing pus or "matter") or of diphtheria, or when it is associated with any other septic conditions, it constitutes a very grave element. Collections of matter formed on the membrane lining the heart and covering its valves, are liable to be detached and carried by the circulation to the brain, spleen, or liver, where they plug up some artery, and thus cause death of the parts which it supplies with blood.

Chronic endocarditis generally occurs in rheumatic subjects, unassociated with any acute disease, It may exist without any marked symptoms, except, perhaps, a sense of oppression and uneasiness in the chest, with palpitation. It produces a thickening and hardening of the membrane lining the heart, and generally causes a retraction, adhesion, and degeneration of some of the valves of the heart, thus bringing on valvular disease.

VALVULAR LESIONS are, as we have seen, very frequently the result of endocarditis. They are of two kinds. First, those which prevent the valves from flapping back close to the walls of the ventricles, or arteries, thus diminishing, to a greater or lesser extent, the size of the valvular orifices, and offering an obstruction to the free flow of blood through them; and which consist of a thickening and retraction, or adhesion of the valves, chalky deposits, morbid growths, etc. Secondly, those which prevent complete closure of the valves, and thus permit a return of the blood into the cavity from which it has just been expelled. These latter consist of retractions, perforations, and partial detachments of the valves, chalky deposits around the base of the valves and in them, and rupture of the chordae tendineae.

These two forms of lesions are usually co-existent, one generally being more extensive than the other. Thus, the regurgitation may be slight, and the obstruction great, or vice versa. The symptoms and disturbance of the circulation are altogether dependent upon the location and form of the lesion, or lesions. Each valvular lesion has its characteristic sound, or murmur, which is heard at a particular period in the cycle of the heart's action, and it is, as before stated, from these sounds, from tracings of the pulse, and from the many other indications, that we arrive at a diagnosis. Thus, in obstruction of the orifice at the junction of the aorta with the left ventricle, one of the most frequent of valvular lesions, a murmur, generally harsh in character, is heard with the first sound of the heart, with greatest intensity directly over the normal position or the aortic semilunar valves. This is conveyed along the large arteries, and may be heard, less distinctly, over the carotids. In the sphygmographic tracing, the line of ascent is less abrupt than in the normal tracing (Fig. 2), and not nearly so high, and it is rounded at the top. In aortic regurgitation, the line of ascent is similar to that of the healthy tracing, but the line of descent is very sudden. The left side of the heart is almost invariably the primary seat of these affections, but in the latter stages of their course, the right side also is liable to become involved, and, as a consequence, there then exists great disturbance of the venous circulation, with a damming back of the blood in the veins, and passive congestion of the liver, kidneys and brain, followed by dropsy, albumen in the urine, etc.



HYPERTROPHY OF THE HEART consists of a thickening of the muscular walls of this organ. It may be confined to one portion of the heart, or it may affect the entire organ. The affection has been divided into the following three forms: Simple hypertrophy, in which there is an increase in the thickness of the walls of the heart, without any augmentation in the capacity of the cavities, and which is usually the result of chronic Bright's disease, or great intemperance; eccentric hypertrophy, in which there is an increase in the thickness of the walls of the heart, together with increase in the capacity of the cavities, and which is generally the result of some valvular lesion; and concentric hypertrophy, in which there is an increase in the thickness of the walls of the heart, with a decrease in the capacity of the cavities. Valvular lesions, obstructions in the large arteries, or, in fact, any thing which calls upon the heart to constantly perform an undue amount of labor must, necessarily, produce hypertrophy of its muscular walls, just as the undue amount of labor which the blacksmith's arm is called upon to perform produces hypertrophy of its muscles. With this condition, the pulse is hard and incompressible, and the line of ascent in the sphygmographic tracing (Fig. 3) is higher than in health.



DILATATION OF THE HEART is a condition which is closely allied to hypertrophy of the heart, and which consists of an increase in the capacity of the cavities of the heart, with diminished contractile power. In simple dilatation, there is an increase in the capacities of the cavities, without any marked change in the walls of the organ. It is usually the result of some disease which has produced great muscular prostration, and which has interfered materially with nutrition. More frequently, however, dilatation is the result of valvular lesions, and is associated with hypertrophy, there being an increase in the thickness of the walls with a diminution of the contractile power. The hypertrophy from valvular lesions goes on increasing until it reaches a certain stage, when dilatation commences, the two conditions then being associated.

ATROPHY of the heart is the opposite to hypertrophy, and signifies a wasting away of the muscular substance, and a diminution in the thickness of the walls of the heart. Its power is diminished in proportion to the degree of atrophy.

FATTY DEGENERATION of the heart consists in the deposition of particles of fat within the sarcolemma (the sheath which invests the fibrils), which are substituted for the proper muscular tissue. If the fatty degeneration exists to any extent the muscular walls present a yellowish color, and the heart is soft and flabby. This may be confined to one ventricle, or it may affect the inner layer of fibres, the outer layer remaining unchanged. Degeneration of the left ventricle occasions feebleness of the pulse. Difficulty in breathing is one symptom of this disease, especially when the right ventricle is affected. There is pallor, feeble circulation, cold extremities, and frequently dropsy. Fatty degeneration is more liable to occur in corpulent persons, and between the ages of forty and fifty years.

ANGINA PECTORIS, also termed neuralgia of the heart, might be included among the diseases of the nervous system, but as it is usually associated with a derangement in the action of the heart, it may be properly considered in this connection. The pain varies in intensity, sometimes being very acute, at others assuming a milder form. The action of the heart is more or less disturbed. The beats are irregular, at times being strong, while again they are feeble. A feeling of numbness is experienced in those parts to which the pain penetrates. These paroxysms usually continue but a few minutes, although they sometimes last several hours. Persons suffering from angina pectoris are liable to sudden death. It is connected with ossification, or other organic changes of the heart. Usually these paroxysms, if the life of the patient continues, become more and more frequent. The danger is not to be measured by the intensity of the pain, but by the co-existing organic disease. Although it is not absolutely certain that organic disease is present in all cases of angina pectoris, yet the exceptions are so rare that when the signs of organic disease cannot be detected, it may be inferred that angina is not the real affection, or that the existing lesions escape observation. Those who suffer from this disease are, in the great majority of cases, of the male sex, and rarely under the age of forty.

TREATMENT. In the foregoing consideration of organic diseases of the heart, we have omitted to speak of their remedial management, for the obvious reason that unprofessional readers are unable to correctly distinguish between the various diseases of this vital organ; and it would, therefore, be useless for us to attempt to instruct them as to the medicinal treatment of the different cardiac affections.

In the vast majority of instances, diseases of the heart are not necessarily speedily fatal. Persons have been known to live twenty years or more with very extensive organic disease of this organ.

It is very important, however, that a correct diagnosis be made in the early stages of these diseases, in order that an appropriate course of hygiene and treatment may be adopted, which will check their progress. While we cannot cure extensive organic diseases of the heart, we can check their progress, and prolong life, and render the condition of the subject comparatively comfortable. Since we are able to diagnosticate with the utmost precision the various affections of the heart, and since the discovery of certain specific medicines which exert most beneficial effects, we are enabled to treat this class of maladies with the most gratifying results. Thus we have seen a case in a very advanced stage of the disease, with the breathing so difficult that the subject had been compelled to remain almost constantly in the sitting posture, in the greatest agony, for so long a time that immense bed sores had formed on the seat; in which the dropsy had become so extensive that the skin of the legs had burst open; and yet this patient, through the influence of a specific course of treatment, was speedily relieved, and enabled to live in a comparatively comfortable condition for many months.

One afflicted with heart disease should abstain from the use of all kinds of stimulants, tobacco, and whatever tends to lower vitality. His life should be an even one, free from all excitement of any kind whatsoever. He should avoid severe physical exertion, and everything which causes the heart to beat with undue frequency.

There are certain symptoms, the result of chlorosis (the green sickness), a deficiency of blood, dyspepsia, uterine disease, and certain nervous affections, which may simulate those of real organic disease, but the physician of education and experience, with a trained ear, is able to detect the difference speedily.

SORE MOUTH. (STOMATITIS.)

Stomatitis, or inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, may include the entire surface of the gums, tongue, and cheeks, or appear only in spots. Vesicles are formed, having swollen edges and a white or yellow center, which finally ulcerate. When mild, the affection is confined to these parts.

If the inflammation is acute, the mouth is dry and parched, or as is more frequently the case, the flow of saliva is abundant and acrid, and, when swallowed, irritates the stomach and bowels, producing fever, diarrhea, griping pains, and flatulency. The tongue is either coated white or red, and is glossy, and the sense of taste is considerably impaired. Digestion and nutrition are then disturbed, and the patient becomes rapidly emaciated.

THRUSH, OR CANKER, is that form of stomatitis in which white ulcers locate on the inner side of the upper lip, the tongue, or roof of the mouth; the irritation which they cause not only interferes with eating, but produces fever, together with the symptoms previously mentioned.

APTHAE, or follicular inflammation, is distinguished by very painful little ulcers, single or in clusters, scattered over the surface of the tongue and lining of the mouth. Sometimes it is complicated with little lumps in the tongue. These form ulcers and denote scrofulous inflammation. Fissures and cracks in the tongue indicate derangement of the stomach.

THE CAUSES of stomatitis, in nursing infants, are unhealthy milk, or effete matter, which, for lack of proper care and cleanliness, accumulates upon the nipple. In older children, improper diet, irritants, debility of the digestive functions, or hereditary syphilitic taint, disorder the blood and induce local inflammation.

TREATMENT. Locally, use a wash of golden seal or gold thread sweetened with maple-sugar, and rendered slightly alkaline with borax or saleratus. Also use a very weak, alkaline tea, or one of slippery-elm flour, to obviate the acridity of the secretions. If the sores do not heal, constitutional treatment may be required, as the use of the Golden Medical Discovery. The family physician should be consulted if the sore mouth resists all these remedial measures.

NURSING SORE MOUTH. (STOMATITIS MATERNA.)

During the period of nursing, and sometimes in the latter months of pregnancy, women are liable to a peculiar variety of sore mouth. The soreness is sometimes so great that, although the appetite may be ravenous, the patient cannot eat. When this condition extends to the stomach and bowels, symptoms of a very grave character appear, and the disease, by interfering with the process of nutrition, causes emaciation and debility, and in extreme cases, death. It is a strange affection, nearly always disappearing upon weaning the child, though this course is not absolutely necessary. It appears to depend upon a hepatic, or gastric derangement, in connection with a vitiated condition of the blood, but how this is brought about is unknown.

SYMPTOMS. The disease sometimes comes on suddenly, at others more slowly. The fact that the woman is either pregnant or nursing, is of importance in forming a diagnosis. At first there is a severe, scalding sensation of the tongue, mouth, and fauces, with pain, which is sometimes intense. The color of the tongue is often pink, or a light red, while the mouth is generally of a deeper hue. This stinging, biting sensation is accompanied by a profuse, watery discharge from the mouth, which seems extremely hot and acrid, causing excoriation whenever it comes in contract with the face or chin. The appetite is good, sometimes ravenous, but food or drinks, except of the blandest character, occasion such intense pain that the patient avoids their use. Ulceration occurs after a little time. The bowels are generally constipated, but when the disease extends to the stomach or intestines, diarrhea occurs. There is generally anaemia, debility, and impairment of the vital powers.

TREATMENT. The indications for treatment in this affection are to overcome the vitiated condition of the blood, and to sustain the vital powers. The remedies for this purpose are alteratives, antiseptics, and tonics. Give the Golden Medical Discovery, the value of which may be greatly enhanced by adding one-half ounce of the fluid extract of baptisia to each bottle, in doses of a teaspoonful four times a day. Chlorate of potash, half an ounce in a pint of water, used as a wash and gargle, is of great value. A teaspoonful of the same may be swallowed several times a day. This will not interfere with other medicines. As a tonic, the tincture of the muriate of iron, in five to ten-drop doses, diluted with water, may be taken three or four times daily. Quinine, in one or two-gram doses, should be given with the iron if the debility be extreme. When there is great acidity of the stomach, which may be known by heart burn, saleratus may be taken in water, to neutralize it, but should not be drunk within an hour of the time for taking other medicines. If constipation exists, use the Pleasant Pellets. This course of treatment, thoroughly carried out, will seldom fail to effect a perfect cure, without weaning the child, yet this latter course may sometimes become advisable to promote the recovery of the patient. Should the treatment advised not produce the desired result, a skillful physician's services should be secured, as he may, in individual cases, distinguish other important indications which may enable him to modify the treatment to advantage.

DIARRHEA, CHOLERA INFANTUM, OR SUMMER COMPLAINT, AND DYSENTERY.

These diseases are usually considered separately by medical writers but, as they are closely related, a simple diarrhea not unfrequently running into a cholera infantum or a dysentery, we shall consider them together.

DIARRHEA is an affection characterized by unnaturally frequent evacuations from the bowels of a liquid of morbidly soft consistency. It may be simple or inflammatory, and acute or chronic.

A diarrhea is said to be bilious when the discharges are composed principally of serum, highly colored with yellow or green bile; catarrhal, when they are of a semi-transparent, mucous character; serous, when the dejections are thin and watery, sometimes mixed with blood, bile, or ingesta.

The symptoms of the affection are usually at first those of indigestion, a fullness of the stomach, flatulency, and colicky pains. The pains, which precede each evacuation, are intermittent in character. There may be an unpleasant sinking sensation in the abdomen, and, with the discharge, exhaustion, a feeble pulse, and a cool skin. In the inflammatory variety, there is more or less fever.

CHOLERA INFANTUM, or summer complaint, is a disease peculiar to the warm season, and more prevalent in cities, and among those children who do not nurse at the breast. It is characterized by great irritability of the stomach, and persistent vomiting and purging, the discharges from the bowels being copious and watery, and sometimes containing specks of curd, yellowish-green matter, and mucus. The limbs of the little sufferer are usually drawn up, indicating pain in the bowels, and there is great prostration with cold extremities. The invasion may be so sudden, and the disease so violent as to destroy life in a few hours.

DYSENTERY, also known as bloody-flux, consists of an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine, with ulceration of the affected surfaces. The disease is accompanied with much nervous prostration, and is distinguished by severe pains in the abdomen of a griping nature, followed by frequent scanty and bloody stools, and much straining. Occasionally the attack is ushered in with a chill and aching pains in various parts of the body, with copious fecal dejections. In other cases the attack is preceded by loss of appetite, a sense of uneasiness with dull pains in the abdomen, and weariness. The disease, like diarrhea, may be either acute or chronic.

THE CAUSES of these affections of the bowels are many and varied. They may be brought on by exposure to cold and wet, or by improper and indigestible articles of food, such as unripe fruits, salads, pastries, and, in fact, anything which interferes with the normal operations of the digestive apparatus. One of the most fertile sources of diarrhea in infants, and of cholera infantum, is the administration of unsuitable food, the ill effects of which are greatly increased by exposure to heat or cold. Uncleanliness, and the inhalation of impure air, are prolific causes Of these diseases. Epidemics have been supposed to be due to some peculiarity in the condition of the atmosphere, or to some impalpable germ of a vegetable or animal nature.

TREATMENT. In the treatment of these diseases, one should first endeavor to ascertain the cause of the trouble, and then, if possible, effect its removal. Attention should be given to the hygienic surroundings of the individual afflicted; if he reside in a miasmatic district, or in a location in which the atmosphere is contaminated by the decomposition of animal or vegetable matter, or filled with noxious gases, his abode should be changed. A pure, dry air is most beneficial in these cases.

Only the least irritating and most easily digestible articles of food should be taken. Healthy cow's milk is slightly alkaline, but that of cows fed on slops is usually acid, and unfit for infants. It is, therefore, well to test all milk with blue litmus paper before feeding it to young children. If found to be strongly acid, that is if it turns the paper red, it should be rejected, but if only slightly so, sufficient lime water may be added to render it slightly alkaline. For adults and older children, the diet should consist of such starchy foods as arrow-root, sago, corn starch, and rice, and of ripe grapes, freed from the skins and seeds, peaches, and boiled milk, or milk and lime water. In some cases the animal broths are beneficial, especially mutton broth. To quench the thirst, crust coffee, rice coffee, and lemonade, in small quantities, may be taken.

Rest is important in these diseases. In severe cases, the patient should be kept in bed.

At the onset of an attack of diarrhea or dysentery, if there be reason to believe that the intestinal tract contains irritating matter, a dose of castor oil, with a few drops of anise oil added to render it palatable, should be administered. After all irritating ingesta have been removed, Dr. Pierce's Compound Extract of Smart-weed should be given in doses proportionate to the age of the patient, and the severity of the case. Being composed of the extract of smart-weed, or water pepper, Jamaica ginger, camphor, and genuine French grape brandy, it exerts a most wonderful effect not only in those diseases but in cholera morbus and intestinal colic. It allays the irritation and inflammation of the affected mucous surfaces, and soothes the nervous system. In the great majority of cases, the above course of treatment will be found sufficient, but in the more severe forms of these diseases additional remedies may be required.

In dysentery, accompanied with severe pain and straining, injections of starch water and laudanum, from two to four ounces of the former to from twenty to fifty drops of the latter should be used.

Hot fomentations applied to the abdomen are beneficial. If the discharges contain much blood, a flannel cloth moistened with the spirits of turpentine should be laid over the lower part of the abdomen, and kept there until slight irritation is produced.

Lime water, bicarbonate of soda, bicarbonate of potash (saleratus), chalk, and the subnitrate of bismuth are valuable agents to correct the secretions, and allay irritation of the diseased mucous surface. The above-named preparations of soda, potash, and bismuth may be taken in doses of from five to twenty grains every few hours.

Blackberry root and cranesbill (Geranium Maculatum), in the form of fluid extract or infusion, are beneficial in acute cases in which the discharges are profuse and watery, and in the chronic forms of these affections.

In cholera infantum subnitrate of bismuth should be given in doses of from five to ten grains at intervals of from two to four hours. If the discharges are very profuse, the fluid extract of cranesbill may be administered in from two to ten-drop doses alternately with the bismuth. The camphorated tincture of opium (paregoric) is required in doses of from two to twenty drops, depending upon the age of the child and the severity of the case, if there is much pain, but great caution should be exercised in administering the preparations of opium to children. A single drop of laudanum given to a young infant has caused convulsions, coma, and death in more than one instance. To check the vomiting of cholera infantum, mild irritation over the stomach is sometimes effectual. For this purpose a weak mustard plaster, or a cloth moistened with turpentine, may be laid over the stomach for a few minutes at a time. If the child is old enough to suck pellets of ice, these are beneficial, or a piece can be wrapped in a cloth and sucked.

COLIC.

Colic is a term applied to griping pains in the abdomen, which are sometimes accompanied with nausea and vomiting. The derangement is recognized in several forms, some of which we shall briefly describe.

BILIOUS COLIC. This may be the result of a morbid condition of the liver.

SYMPTOMS. It is characterized by severe pain occurring in paroxysms, which may be relieved by pressure upon the bowels. The pulse is quick, the tongue coated, and the skin harsh and dry; there is headache, impaired appetite, acrid taste in the mouth, thirst, nausea, attended with vomiting and general chilliness, followed by febrile symptoms.

CAUSE. It may be induced by exposure to cold, in consequence of which the circulation is impeded, the pores of the skin obstructed, and all of the vitiated matters having to be expelled through the liver, stomach, and intestines. It may also be due to malaria in the atmosphere. It most commonly occurs during the autumn, after a season of hot weather.

FLATULENT COLIC. Flatulent or "wind" colic is one of the results of indigestion.

SYMPTOMS. A sense of fullness in the pit of the stomach, attended with pain, which is transferred from one part of the bowels to another. There is fever, a quick pulse, nausea, and the presence of gas; by the latter feature it may be detected from the other forms.

CAUSES. Cold or atmospheric changes, the eating of unripe fruits, uncooked vegetables and those articles of diet which ferment easily, are the principle causes.

PAINTER'S COLIC. This form is also known by various names, such as colica pictonum, saturnine, or lead colic. Those persons who are engaged in the manufacture of lead, and painters, are the most frequent victims of this affection.

SYMPTOMS. Impaired appetite, fetid breath, thickly coated tongue, obstinate constipation, a dry skin, scanty urine, languor, severe pain in the umbilical region, and general derangement of the functions of the system.

CAUSES. From the term applied to this form, the cause may be inferred. It is induced by the absorption of lead through the lungs, stomach, and skin.

TREATMENT. The indication to be fulfilled in bilious colic is to relieve the intestinal spasm. This may be done by drinking freely of a decoction of yam-root, or dioscorea villosa, which is an effectual remedy in this affection. If this be not at hand, the spasm may be relieved by administering freely of Dr. Pierce's Extract of Smart-Weed. If the stomach be irritable, a tablespoonful of laudanum and one of tincture of lobelia, in four ounces of starch water, administered as an injection, is effectual. If simple means do not promptly arrest the attack, no time should be lost in summoning the family physician.

In flatulent colic, the treatment should depend upon the cause. If it be occasioned by cold, a teaspoonful or two of the Extract of Smart-weed, in warm water or catnip tea, repeated a few times, will be sufficient. If it result from overloading the stomach, a dose of the Pleasant Pellets will answer the purpose. If the pain in the abdomen is severe, apply hot fomentations. Assist the action of physic, by giving an injection of senna and catnip tea, or if the stomach is very sour, take internally some mild alkali, such as common saleratus.

In painters' colic, the following cathartic mixture is an effectual remedy: sulphate of magnesia (epsom salts), twelve ounces; nitrate of potassa (saltpeter), half an ounce; sulphuric acid, one drachm; boiling water, one quart. Of this remedy give a teaspoonful every thirty minutes or every hour, until the bowels move. An injection of some diaphoretic tea, or of alum water, is a good remedy. Castor oil and molasses, containing a teaspoonful of spirits of turpentine, will add to the efficiency of an injection. If the colic be not promptly relieved, a physician should be employed. To eliminate the lead from the system, and thus prevent a return of the colic, or other injurious effects, two drachms of iodide of potassium should be added to a bottle of the Golden Medical Discovery, and a teaspoonful of this taken four times a day.

JAUNDICE. (ICTERUS.)

This affection is generally regarded as a symptom of disordered liver, since it frequently occurs during the progress of diseases of that organ. When the disease imparts a greenish tinge to the skin, it is termed green jaundice, and, when it imparts a blackish color, it is known as black jaundice. Jaundice is undoubtedly due to the presence of biliary elements in the blood.

CAUSES. In consequence of the varied conditions from which it arises, Professor Da Costa has aptly remarked: "With the recognition of jaundice, the difficulty in diagnosis may be said to begin." He considers the causes of jaundice to be (1) diseases of the liver; (2) disease or the bile ducts; (3) diseases remote from the liver, or general disease leading to a disorder of that viscus; (4) certain causes acting upon the blood.

SYMPTOMS. It is characterized by a yellowish color of the skin and of the white of the eyes. The skin is usually dry and harsh; if it be moist, the linen will be tinged yellow from the perspiration. The tongue is coated yellow, the mouth is dry, and the appetite impaired; there is headache, nausea, and sometimes vomiting; there is pain in the abdomen after eating, and in the region of the liver, and it is also felt in the right shoulder, and between the shoulder-blades. In severe cases, there is fever, accompanied with chills, despondency and loss of flesh. The stools are generally of a light clay color, and very offensive; the urine is thick and yellow. When the disease terminates fatally, there is delirium followed by stupor.

TREATMENT. The first step should be to eliminate from the system, as speedily as possible, all noxious materials. For this purpose, the spirit-vapor bath should be used. If the urine is scanty or voided with difficulty, take acetate of potash or queen of the meadow. These may be taken in connection with the Golden Medical Discovery and Purgative Pellets, the efficacy of which has already been described in the treatment of chronic inflammation of the liver. They are indeed valuable agents in this disease, since they increase the action of all the excretory glands, and rapidly remove those matters, which, if retained, would poison the system.

In some cases, acids are of great value; good hard cider or hydrochloric acid and the acid bath are frequently valuable agents.

In other cases the employment, both internally and externally, of alkalies in addition to the Golden Medical Discovery answers the purpose much better.

Again, there are persons who, in addition to alteratives and baths, require tonics. In the treatment or this affection, whatever may be the nature of the case, the use of alteratives must not be forgotten, for without them, the auxiliary treatment with acids, alkalies, and tonics, will not produce the desired effect.

The employment of drastic remedies is sometimes resorted to; but, although they may give temporary relief, the patient soon relapses into his former condition, while if the treatment above given be adopted, the recovery will be permanent.

GALL-STONES. (BILIARY CALCULI.)

These are concretions found in the gall-bladder or bile duct, and vary from the size of a pea to that of a hen's egg. There may be no indication of their existence in the gall-bladder until they begin to pass through the duct.

CAUSES. The formation of gall-stones is undoubtedly due to an unhealthy condition of the bile. Corpulent persons, and those indulging in over-stimulating diet, or in the habitual use of fermented drinks, are most liable to be troubled by them.

SYMPTOMS. The patient is suddenly seized with excruciating pain in the right side. After a time it subsides, but is again renewed with as great severity as before. There is nausea, with vomiting, which is often excessive and severe. The pulse is sometimes slower than is natural, the extremities are cold, there is great exhaustion, together with perspiration and spasmodic contraction of the abdominal muscles. As soon as one stone has passed through the duct into the intestine, immediate relief is experienced until another commences to pass, and the larger the concretion, the greater is the pain. If the stools be washed, the gall-stones may be seen floating on top of the water.

TREATMENT. This consists chiefly in relieving the patient of pain and vomiting during the passage of the gall-stones. Hot fomentations made with stramonium leaves and lobelia, and applied over the painful parts, are beneficial. Small doses of lobelia may be taken, but not in sufficient quantities to produce vomiting. Doses of opium should also be taken; this anodyne must, however, be used with care. Gelseminum is often useful. Chloroform, ether, or the spirit vapor-bath generally allays the pain. Carbonate of soda, dissolved in water, often relieves the vomiting.

These distressing symptoms are apt to recur until the removal of all the gall-stones is effected. To aid in removing them, take the Golden Medical Discovery rather freely for a day or two, and continue its use with lobelia, in doses sufficiently large to produce nausea, but not vomiting. From four to eight ounces of sweet oil may be given, and, if the bowels do not respond within three hours, repeat the dose, and the gall-stones will generally be evacuated. To prevent the formation of these concretions take the Golden Medical Discovery, together with alkaline drinks made with carbonate of soda. Tone and energy will thereby be imparted to the liver, the free flow of bile will be insured and the subsequent formation of gall-stones prevented.

INTESTINAL WORMS.

We have not the space to discuss the numerous theories which have been offered to account for the presence of these parasites in the human body. We shall enumerate the principal species, describe the symptoms indicating their presence, and indicate the proper remedies.

There are five species of intestinal worms, sufficiently common to merit a description.

(1.) The round worm, termed by naturalists, ascaris lumbricoides, varies from six inches to a foot in length, and resembles the common earth-worm. It infests the small intestines, and seldom migrates into the stomach or large bowel. Instances are recorded, however, in which it has crept upward in the esophagus, larynx, nostrils, and eustachian tube; but their presence in these parts is of comparatively rare occurrence, and is generally caused by some local irritation which compels their migration. The fact that they have been found in the peritoneal sac, gave rise to the opinion that they perforate the intestine; but careful observations have proved that they can only escape through openings made by ulcers.

This species has been found in adults, but is more common in children from three to twelve years of age. The number of this species existing in a human body is variable. Sometimes only two or three are found. At other times a hundred, and even twice that number, are voided in a few days.

(2.) The ascaris vermicularis, thread, pin, or seat-worm, is round, very slender, and about half an inch in length. The habitation of this species is the rectum, and they are often found matted together in the excrement. They are very active, even after ejection, and have been known to cause great local irritation by entering the vagina and urethra. Their presence is an occasional cause of masturbation. It is impossible to estimate the number of these parasites that may exist in the human rectum. Great numbers, sometimes, are voided at a single evacuation.

(3.) The tricocephalus dispar is a third variety of the round worm, and is said to infest the bodies of almost every species of mammalia. As its name indicates, the upper portion of its body is slender, hair-like, and terminates at the lower extremity in a thick, spiral portion. It is from one to two inches in length, and is found attached by its head to the mucous membrane of the caecum, and, in rare instances, in the colon and small intestine. They are rarely numerous.

Taeceniae or tape-worms, are hermaphrodites, of a flat, ribbon-like form, and are composed of numerous segments, each of which is provided with a complete set of generative organs, and contains ova for the production of thousands of individuals. Some authors have supposed that each segment, or joint, is a distinct individual, but the existence of one head for the whole precludes this theory. There are two species of taeniae developed in the human intestine; the taenia solium and the taenia lata.

(4.) The taenia solium is the species commonly found in America and all the countries of Europe, except France, Russia, and Switzerland. In France, both species are found, but the taenia lata seems to be indigenous to Russia and Switzerland.

The taenia solium varies in length from four or five to thirty, thirty-five, or even forty feet. The head is hemispherical and armed with a double row of twenty or thirty hooklets. The genital organs are alternate and placed upon the outer edges of each segment. It inhabits the small intestine, and is usually solitary.

(5.) The taenia lata, or broad tape-worm, is distinguished by the greater breadth of its segments, and the location of the genital organs, which are found in the centre of each segment. Its small elongated head is unarmed, and has a longitudinal fissure on each side. It usually attains a greater length than the taenia solium.

SYMPTOMS. The symptoms which the long worms occasion, are frequently somewhat obscure. Thirst, irregular appetite, colicky pains, excessive flow of saliva, enlargement of the abdomen, itching of the nose, pallor of the face, offensive breath, disturbed sleep, and grinding of the teeth, all are common symptoms. Occasionally, convulsions and other nervous affections are produced by the presence of the ascaris lumbricoides, but generally they produce less constitutional disturbance than the other varieties. The passage of this species of worms from the bowels, or their ejection from the stomach, is the only positive evidence of their presence. The ascaris vermicularis, thread, pin, or seat-worm, gives rise to most of the symptoms produced by the long worms, but in addition produces intense itching at the anus, and, not unfrequently, an eruption upon that part. The itching is particularly distressing at night. When the little sufferer is well covered, the warmth occasioned by the bed-clothes causes these little parasites to crawl out upon the anus, and produces such paroxysms of itching and pain as to cause the child to kick the covering oft and lie naked. The persistent manifestations of a disposition to lie naked, should excite the parents' suspicions of seat-worms, and lead them to investigate all the symptoms. By examining the child's stools the worms may he found adhering to the feces, and they may also be seen on the anus. Thousands of children suffer untold agony from these little seat-worms, which are left unmolested to torment them, because the parents are unfamiliar with the meaning of the symptoms manifested, and therefore pay no heed to them. We have been thus particular in describing the symptoms indicating the presence of these pestiferous parasites, in order that they may be readily detected.

The Symptoms produced by the tape-worm are dizziness, ringing in the ears, increased secretion of saliva, indigestion, ravenous appetite, sharp abdominal pains, and emaciation. The only positive sign of the presence of these parasites, is the passage of pieces of them in the feces. The nervous and other symptoms produced by the ordinary long worms are also caused by the tape-worm.

CAUSES. Careful observations have proved that there are certain causes which favor the generation or development of intestinal worms. Among others, we may mention fatty or farinaceous articles of food, gormandizing, constant exposure to a moist atmosphere, and sedentary habits.

It is now generally conceded that the development of tape-worms is due to the swallowing of an egg or germ-cell, which is contained in many kinds of animal food, and which the process of cooking has failed to destroy. People living near low marshes, lakes, or the seacoast, are liable to taeniae.

TREATMENT. The expulsion of the ascaris lumbricoides may be very easily and pleasantly effected. Santonin is an effectual remedy for this variety of worms. For a child three years old, take santonin, six grains; podophyllin, one grain; white sugar, thirty grains; mix, triturate, and divide into twelve powders, and give one every three or four hours, until they act upon the bowels; or take santonin, ten grains; white sugar, twenty grains; mix, triturate, and divide into ten powders, and give one every night at bed-time, and after giving two or three in this way, administer a mild cathartic. As santonin is almost entirely tasteless, if not combined with other medicines which are unpalatable, no difficulty will be experienced in administering it to children. By reference to the article on anthelmintics in this volume, other valuable vermifuges may be selected, and directions found for their employment.

In the removal of thread or pin-worms, anthelmintic medicines taken into the stomach are of little or no value. An injection of a strong solution of salt, is a very efficient remedy. A teaspoonful of turpentine in half a pint of milk makes a good injection. Strong coffee has been recommended as an injection. The anus should be well anointed with vaseline, lard, oil, or fresh butter, after each movement of the bowels. Whatever injection or remedy is used, it should be followed by the application of some ointment to the anus, otherwise they will continue to deposit their eggs about that orifice and multiply there.

Various remedies have been used to destroy tape-worms. Among others we may mention the old and time-honored remedy, which consists of two or three ounces of the oil of turpentine, taken in castor oil or some aromatic tincture.

A decoction made by boiling two or three ounces of freshly powdered pomegranate bark in a pint of water was used by the ancients, and is now highly recommended as a remedy.

Some American physicians have used an emulsion of pumpkin seeds with marked success.

Twenty or thirty grains of the extract of male fern, followed by a cathartic is highly recommended for the destruction and removal of taeniae.

TRICHINA SPIRALIS.

In 1835, Owen discovered a peculiar parasite, which sometimes infests the human body, and is termed the trichina spiralis. The presence of these parasites has given rise to morbid conditions of the system, followed by the most serious results. They are developed in the alimentary canal, and then perforate its tissues and enter the muscles. Twelve trichinae have been found in a section of human muscle only one-twelfth of an inch square and one-fifth of an inch in thickness.

The early symptoms of trichinae are very uncertain, being the same as those of some other disease. The patient complains of severe pain in the abdomen and is troubled with diarrhea. When the trichinae pass into the muscles, they occasion great suffering. There are sharp pains in the muscles, the perspiration is profuse, and the patient becomes exhausted.

CAUSE. Nearly every case of trichinae, which has been brought to the notice of the profession, has been attributed to the eating of raw or improperly cooked pork. The parasites can only be detected with a microscope.

TREATMENT. The impossibility of removing the trichinae after they have passed into the muscles is apparent; and, as yet, no special remedy has been recommended to remove them from the alimentary canal. The only safety lies in prevention. Hence raw or imperfectly cooked pork should never be eaten.

* * * * *



DYSPEPSIA.

It is generally conceded that a multitude of human ailments arise from indigestion, and in its various forms it taxes the skill of the physician to prescribe the proper remedies. It is undeniable that the closest intimacy exists between happiness and good digestion. A healthy digestion aids materially in making a cheerful disposition, and the "feast of reason and flow of soul" is due as much to the functional integrity of the stomach as to a strong and generous mental organization. Dr. Johnson severely said: "Every man is a rascal as soon as he is sick." We all know that a morbid condition irritates the individual and excites sarcastic and disagreeable remarks. And, likewise, an irritable temper and, suddenly aroused passions may not only turn and disturb the stomach, but even poison the secretions. Anxiety, excitability, fear, and irritability frequently cause the perversion of physiological processes.

The slightest functional disturbance of the stomach deranges, more or less, all the succeeding operations of digestion and tends to the vitiation and impairment of the delicate processes of nutrition. Dyspepsia may commence and proceed so insidiously as not to excite the suspicion of friends, although the patient generally desires active treatment, such as cathartics, emetics, and medicines to act upon the liver. When the disease becomes confirmed, it presents some of the following symptoms: Weight, uneasiness, and fullness in the region of the stomach, attended by impatience, irritability, sluggishness, anxiety, and melancholy; there is impairment of the appetite and taste, also sourness, flatulency, and, perhaps, frequent attacks of colic, loss of hope, courage, and energy; apathy, drowsiness, and frightful dreams are also symptoms common in the different stages of this disease. There are, furthermore, the accompanying symptoms of a coated tongue, bitter taste in the mouth, unpleasant eructations, scalding of the throat from regurgitation, offensive breath, sick headache, giddiness, disturbed sleep, sallow countenance, heart-burn, morbid craving after food, constant anxiety and apprehension, fancied impotency, and fickleness. The subjects of dyspepsia frequently imagine that they require medicines to act upon the liver, desire active treatment, are endlessly experimenting in diet, daily rehearse their symptoms, and are morbidly sensitive.

CAUSES. Overtasking the body or mind, overloading the stomach, the use of improper food, such as stale vegetables and meat, unripe fruits, indigestible articles, improperly prepared food, irregular meals, disorderly habits, the use of alcoholic stimulants, loss of sleep, masturbation irritability of temper, anxiety, or grief may all give rise to indigestion. If the functions performed by the skin are embarrassed by cold, tight clothing, or lack of cleanliness, the nutritive changes cannot properly take place throughout the body, and consequently the digestive functions are embarrassed, as the revolutions of a water-wheel are impeded by the backset of the water. When food is not thoroughly masticated, it is not properly mixed with saliva of the glands of the mouth, and is not prepared for digestion by the acids of the stomach.

Whatever diminishes the general strength, impairs the health, or encroaches upon the functions of life, also hinders the perfect solution of food and disturbs in a measure the function of digestion. Whatever diminishes the normal amount of the digestive secretions or perverts their quality, deteriorating their solvent properties, is a cause of dyspepsia. This should be borne in mind in selecting remedies.

TREATMENT. The hygienic treatment consists in the regulation of the daily habits, proper selection and preparation of the food, cultivation of cheerfulness, diversion of the mind, and cleanliness of person. We cannot give particular directions as to the kind of diet, as there are no established rules for guidance. Generally, a dyspeptic knows best, from experience, what articles of diet can be taken with the least injury. The directions applicable to the condition of one patient, are not suited to those of another. In dyspepsia, animal food is, as a rule, preferable. Foods rich in starchy matter often ferment and produce distress. Sometimes alkalies may be given with beneficial effect, when there seems to be an excess of acid in the gastric secretions.

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