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The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe
by Charles Edward Stowe
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Mrs. Stowe's public life ends with the garden party, and little more remains to be told. She had already, in 1880, begun the task of selection from the great accumulation of letters and papers relating to her life, and writes thus to her son in Saco, Maine, regarding the work:—

September 30, 1880.

MY DEAR CHARLEY,—My mind has been with you a great deal lately. I have been looking over and arranging my papers with a view to sifting out those that are not worth keeping, and so filing and arranging those that are to be kept, that my heirs and assigns may with the less trouble know where and what they are. I cannot describe (to you) the peculiar feelings which this review occasions. Reading old letters— when so many of the writers are gone from earth, seems to me like going into the world of spirits—letters full of the warm, eager, anxious, busy life, that is forever past. My own letters, too, full of by-gone scenes in my early life and the childish days of my children. It is affecting to me to recall things that strongly moved me years ago, that filled my thoughts and made me anxious when the occasion and emotion have wholly vanished from my mind. But I thank God there is one thing running through all of them from the time I was thirteen years old, and that is the intense unwavering sense of Christ's educating, guiding presence and care. It is all that remains now. The romance of my youth is faded, it looks to me now, from my years, so very young—those days when my mind only lived in emotion, and when my letters never were dated, because they were only histories of the internal, but now that I am no more and never can be young in this world, now that the friends of those days are almost all in eternity, what remains?

Through life and through death, through sorrowing, through sinning, Christ shall suffice me as he hath sufficed. Christ is the end and Christ the beginning, The beginning and end of all is Christ.

I was passionate in my attachments in those far back years, and as I have looked over files of old letters, they are all gone (except one, C. Van Rensselaer), Georgiana May, Delia Bacon, Clarissa Treat, Elisabeth Lyman, Sarah Colt, Elisabeth Phenix, Frances Strong, Elisabeth Foster. I have letters from them all, but they have been long in spirit land and know more about how it is there than I do. It gives me a sort of dizzy feeling of the shortness of life and nearness of eternity when I see how many that I have traveled with are gone within the veil. Then there are all my own letters, written in the first two years of marriage, when Mr. Stowe was in Europe and I was looking forward to motherhood and preparing for it—my letters when my whole life was within the four walls of my nursery, my thoughts absorbed by the developing character of children who have now lived their earthly life and gone to the eternal one,—my two little boys, each in their way good and lovely, whom Christ has taken in youth, and my little one, my first Charley, whom He took away before he knew sin or sorrow,—then my brother George and sister Catherine, the one a companion of my youth, the other the mother who assumed the care of me after I left home in my twelfth year—and they are gone. Then my blessed father, for many years so true an image of the Heavenly Father,—in all my afflictions he was afflicted, in all my perplexities he was a sure and safe counselor, and he too is gone upward to join the angelic mother whom I scarcely knew in this world, who has been to me only a spiritual presence through life.



In 1882 Mrs. Stowe writes to her son certain impressions derived from reading the "Life and Letters of John Quincy Adams," which are given as containing a retrospect of the stormy period of her own life- experience.

"Your father enjoys his proximity to the Boston library. He is now reading the twelve or fourteen volumes of the life and diary of John Q. Adams. It is a history of our country through all the period of slavery usurpation that led to the war. The industry of the man in writing is wonderful. Every day's doings in the house are faithfully daguerreotyped,—all the mean tricks, contrivances of the slave-power, and the pusillanimity of the Northern members from day to day recorded. Calhoun was then secretary of state. Under his connivance even the United States census was falsified, to prove that freedom was bad for negroes. Records of deaf, dumb, and blind, and insane colored people were distributed in Northern States, and in places where John Q. Adams had means of proving there were no negroes. When he found that these falsified figures had been used with the English embassador as reasons for admitting Texas as a slave State, the old man called on Calhoun, and showed him the industriously collected proofs of the falsity of this census. He says: 'He writhed like a trodden rattlesnake, but said the census was full of mistakes; but one part balanced another,—it was not worth while to correct them.' His whole life was an incessant warfare with the rapidly advancing spirit of slavery, that was coiling like a serpent around everything.

"At a time when the Southerners were like so many excited tigers and rattlesnakes,—when they bullied, and scoffed, and sneered, and threatened, this old man rose every day in his place, and, knowing every parliamentary rule and tactic of debate, found means to make himself heard. Then he presented a petition from negroes, which raised a storm of fury. The old man claimed that the right of petition was the right of every human being. They moved to expel him. By the rules of the house a man, before he can be expelled, may have the floor to make his defense. This was just what he wanted. He held the floor for fourteen days, and used his wonderful powers of memory and arrangement to give a systematic, scathing history of the usurpations of slavery; he would have spoken fourteen days more, but his enemies, finding the thing getting hotter and hotter, withdrew their motion, and the right of petition was gained.

"What is remarkable in this journal is the minute record of going to church every Sunday, and an analysis of the text and sermon. There is something about these so simple, so humble, so earnest. Often differing from the speaker—but with gravity and humility—he seems always to be so self-distrustful; to have such a sense of sinfulness and weakness, but such trust in God's fatherly mercy, as is most beautiful to see. Just the record of his Sunday sermons, and his remarks upon them, would be most instructive to a, preacher. He was a regular communicant, and, beside, attended church on Christmas and Easter,—I cannot but love the old man. He died without seeing even the dawn of liberty which God has brought; but oh! I am sure he sees it from above. He died in the Capitol, in the midst of his labors, and the last words he said were, 'This is the last of earth; I am content.' And now, I trust, he is with God.

"All, all are gone. All that raged; all that threatened; all the cowards that yielded; truckled, sold their country for a mess of pottage; all the men that stood and bore infamy and scorn for the truth; all are silent in dust; the fight is over, but eternity will never efface from their souls whether they did well or ill— whether they fought bravely or failed like cowards. In a sense, our lives are irreparable. If we shrink, if we fail, if we choose the fleeting instead of the eternal, God may forgive us; but there must be an eternal regret! This man lived for humanity when hardest bestead; for truth when truth was unpopular; for Christ when Christ stood chained and scourged in the person of the slave."

In the fall of 1887 she writes to her brother Rev. Dr. Edward Beecher of Brooklyn, N. Y.:—

49 FOREST STREET, HARTFORD, CONN., October 11, 1887.

Dear Brother,—I was delighted to receive your kind letter. You were my earliest religious teacher; your letters to me while a school- girl in Hartford gave me a high Christian aim and standard which I hope I have never lost. Not only did they do me good, but also my intimate friends, Georgiana May and Catherine Cogswell, to whom I read them. The simplicity, warmth, and childlike earnestness of those school days I love to recall. I am the only one living of that circle of early friends. Not one of my early schoolmates is living,—and now Henry, younger by a year or two than I, has gone—my husband also. [Footnote: Professor Stowe died August, 1886.] I often think, Why am I spared? Is there yet anything for me to do? I am thinking with my son Charles's help of writing a review of my life, under the title, "Pebbles from the Shores of a Past Life."

Charlie told me that he has got all written up to my twelfth or thirteenth year, when I came to be under sister Catherine's care in Hartford. I am writing daily my remembrances from that time. You were then, I think, teacher of the Grammar School in Hartford. . . .

So, my dear brother, let us keep good heart; no evil can befall us. Sin alone is evil, and from that Christ will keep us. Our journey is so short!

I feel about all things now as I do about the things that happen in a hotel, after my trunk is packed to go home. I may be vexed and annoyed . . . but what of it! I am going home soon.

Your affectionate sister,

Hattie.

To a friend she writes a little later:—

"I have thought much lately of the possibility of my leaving you all and going home. I am come to that stage of my pilgrimage that is within sight of the River of Death, and I feel that now I must have all in readiness day and night for the messenger of the King. I have sometimes had in my sleep strange perceptions of a vivid spiritual life near to and with Christ, and multitudes of holy ones, and the joy of it is like no other joy,—it cannot be told in the language of the world. What I have then I know with absolute certainty, yet it is so unlike and above anything we conceive of in this world that it is difficult to put it into words. The inconceivable loveliness of Christ! It seems that about Him there is a sphere where the enthusiasm of love is the calm habit of the soul, that without words, without the necessity of demonstrations of affection, heart beats to heart, soul answers soul, we respond to the Infinite Love, and we feel his answer in us, and there is no need of words. All seemed to be busy coming and going on ministries of good, and passing each gave a thrill of joy to each as Jesus, the directing soul, the centre of all, 'over all, in all, and through all," was working his beautiful and merciful will to redeem and save. I was saying as I awoke:—

"''T is joy enough, my all in all, At thy dear feet to lie. Thou wilt not let me lower fall, And none can higher fly.'

"This was but a glimpse; but it has left a strange sweetness in my mind."



INDEX

ABBOTT, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob

Aberdeen, reception in,

Abolition, English meetings in favor of,

Abolition sentiment, growth of,

Abolitionism made fashionable

Adams, John Quincy, crusade of, against slavery, holds floor of Congress fourteen days, his religious life and trust, died without seeing dawn of liberty, life and letters of,

"Agnes of Sorrento," first draft of, date of, Whittier's praise of,

"Alabama Planter," savage attack of, on H. B. S.

Albert, Prince, Mrs. Stowe's letter to, his reply, meeting with, death,

America, liberty in, Ruskin on,

American novelist, Lowell on the

Andover, Mass., beauty of, Stowe family settled in,

Anti-slavery cause: result of English demonstrations, letters to England, feeling dreaded in South, movement in Cincinnati, in Boston, Beecher family all anti-slavery men,

"Arabian Nights," H. B. S.'s delight in,

Argyll, Duke and Duchess of, warmth of, H. B. S. invited to visit, death of father of Duchess,

Argyll, Duchess of, letter from H. B. S. to, on England's attitude during our Civil War, on post bellum events,

"Atlantic Monthly," contains "Minister's Wooing," Mrs. Stowe's address to women of England, "The True Story of Lady Byron's Life,"

BAILEY, Gamaliel, Dr., editor of "National Era,"

Bangor, readings in

Bates, Charlotte Fiske, reads a poem at Mrs. Stowe's seventieth birthday,

Baxter's "Saints' Rest," has a powerful effect on H. B. S.

Beecher, Catherine, eldest sister of H. B. S., her education of H. B. S., account of her own birth, strong influence over Harriet, girlhood of, teacher at New London, engagement, drowning of her lover, soul struggles after Prof. Fisher's death, teaches in his family, publishes article on Free Agency, opens school at Hartford, solution of doubts while teaching, her conception of Divine Nature, school at Hartford described by H. B. S., doubts about Harriet's conversion, hopes for "Hartford Female Seminary,", letter to Edward about Harriet's doubts, note on Harriet's letter, new school at Cincinnati, visits Cincinnati with father, impressions of city, homesickness, at water cure, a mother to sister Harriet, letters to H. B. S. to, on her religious depression, on religious doubts.

Beecher, Charles, brother of H. B. S., in college, goes to Florida, letters from H. B. S., on mother's death.

Beecher, Edward, Dr., brother of H. B. S., influence over her, indignation against Fugitive Slave Act, efforts to arouse churches, letters from H. B. S. to, on early religious struggles, on her feelings, on views of God, on death of friends and relatives and the writing of her life by her son Charles.

Beecher, Esther, aunt of H. B. S.

Beecher family, famous reunion of, circular letter to.

Beecher, Frederick, H. B. S.'s half-brother, death of.

Beecher, George, brother of H. B. S., visit to, enters Lane as student music and tracts, account of journey to Cincinnati, sudden death, H. B. S. meets at Dayton one of his first converts, his letters cherished.

Beecher, George, nephew of H. B. S., visit to,

Beecher, Mrs. George, letter from H. B. S. to, describing new home.

Beecher, Harriet E. first; death of, second; (H. B. S.) birth of.

Beecher, Mrs. Harriet Porter, H. B. S.'s stepmother; personal appearance and character of; pleasant impressions of new home and children; at Cincinnati.

Beecher, Henry Ward, brother of H. B. S., birth of; anecdote of, after mother's death; first school; conception of Divine Nature, in college; H. B. S. attends graduation; editor of Cincinnati "Journal,"; sympathy with anti-slavery movement; at Brooklyn; saves Edmonson's daughters; H. B. S. visits; views on Reconstruction; George Eliot on Beecher trial; his character as told by H. B. S.; love for Prof. Stowe; his youth and life in West; Brooklyn and his anti-slavery fight; Edmonsons and Plymouth Church; his loyalty and energy; his religion; popularity and personal magnetism; terrible struggle in the Beecher trial; bribery of jury, but final triumph; ecclesiastical trial of; committee of five appointed to bring facts; his ideal purity and innocence; power at death-beds and funerals; beloved by poor and oppressed; meets accusations by silence, prayer, and work; his thanks and speech at Stowe Garden Party; tribute to father, mother, and sister Harriet; death.

Beecher, Isabella, H. B. S.'s half-sister, birth of; goes to Cincinnati.

Beecher, James, H. B. S.'s half-brother; goes to Cincinnati, 53; begins Sunday-school.

Beecher, Rev. Dr. Lyman, H. B. Stowe's father; "Autobiography and Correspondence of,"; verdict on his wife's remarkable piety; pride in his daughter's essay; admiration of Walter Scott; sermon which converts H. B. S.; accepts call to Hanover Street Church, Boston; president of Lane Theological Seminary; first journey to Cincinnati; removal and westward journey, et seq.; removes family to Cincinnati,; Beecher reunion; powerful sermons on slave question; his sturdy character, H. W. Beecher's eulogy upon; death and reunion with H. B. S's mother.

Beecher, Mary, sister of H. B. S.; married; letter to; accompanies sister to Europe; letters from H. B. S. to, on love for New England; on visit to Windsor.

Beecher, Roxanna Foote, mother of H. B. S.; her death; strong, sympathetic nature; reverence for the Sabbath; sickness, death, and funeral; influence in family strong even after death; character described by H. W. Beecher; H. B. S.'s resemblance to.

Beecher, William, brother of H. B. S.; licensed to preach.

Bell, Henry, English inventor of steamboat.

Belloc, Mme., translates "Uncle Tom."

Belloc, M., to paint portrait of H. B. S..

Bentley, London publisher, offers pay for "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

"Betty's Bright Idea," date of.

Bible; Uncle Tom's; use and influence of.

"Bible Heroines," date of.

Bibliography of H. B. S.

Biography, H. B. S.'s remarks on writing and understanding.

Birney, J. G., office wrecked, et seq.; H. B. S.'s sympathy with.

Birthday, seventieth, celebration of by Houghton, Mifflin & Co.

Blackwood's attack on Lady Byron.

Blantyre, Lord.

Bogne, David.

Boston opens doors to slave-hunters.

Boston Library, Prof. Stowe enjoys proximity to.

Bowdoin College calls Prof. Stowe.

Bowen, H. C.

Bruce, John, of Litchfield Academy, H. B. S.'s tribute to; lectures on Butler's "Analogy."

Brigham, Miss, character of.

Bright, John, letter to H. B. S. on her "Appeal to English Women."

Brooklyn, Mrs. Stowe's visit to brother Henry in; visit in 1852, when she helps the Edmonson slave family; Beecher, H. W. called to; Beecher trial in.

Brown and the phantoms.

Brown, John, bravery of.

Browning, Mrs., on life and love.

Browning, E. B., letter to H. B. S.; death of.

Browning, Robert and E. B, friendship with.

Brunswick, Mrs. Stowe's love of; revisited.

Buck, Eliza, history of as slave.

Bull, J. D. and family, make home for H. B. S. while at school in Hartford.

Bunsen, Chevalier.

Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress," Prof. Stowe's love of.

Burritt, Elihu, writes introduction to "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" calls on Mrs. Stowe.

Butler's "Analogy," study of, by H. B. S.

"Byron Controversy," 445; history of; George Eliot on; Dr. Holmes on.

Byron, Lady; letters from; makes donation to Kansas sufferers; on power of words; death of; her character assailed; her first meeting with H. B. S.; dignity and calmness; memoranda and letters about Lord Byron shown to Mrs. Stowe; solemn interview with H. B. S.; letters to H. B. S. from,; on "The Minister's Wooing;" farewell to; her confidences; Mrs. Stowe's counsels to.

Byron, Lord, Mrs. Stowe on; she suspects his insanity; cheap edition of his works proposed; Recollections of, by Countess Guiecioli; his position as viewed by Dr. Holmes; evidence of his poems for and against him.

"CABIN, The," literary centre.

Cairnes, Prof., on the "Fugitive Slave Law."

Calhoun falsifies census.

Calvinism, J. R. Lowell's sympathy with.

Cambridgeport, H. B. S. reads in.

Carlisle, Lord, praises "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" Mrs. Stowe's reply; writes introduction to "Uncle Tom," 192; H. B. S. dines with; farewell to; letter from H. B. S. to on moral effect of slavery; letter to H. B. S. from.

Gary, Alice and Phoebe.

Casaubon and Dorothea, criticism by H. B. S. on.

Catechisms, Church and Assembly, H. B. S.'s early study of.

Chapman, Mrs. Margaret Weston.

Charpentier of Paris, publishes "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" eulogy of that work.

Chase, Salmon P.

Chelsea, H. B. S. reads in.

Chicago, readings in.

Children of H. B. S., picture of three eldest; appeal to, by H. B. S.; described by H. B. S.; letters to, from H. B. S. on European voyage and impressions; on life in London; on meeting at Stafford House; on Vesuvius.

"Chimney Corner, The," date of.

Cholera epidemic in Cincinnati.

Christ, life of, little understood; communion with Him possible; love and faith in; study of his life; his presence all that remains now; his promises comfort the soul for separations by death.

"Christian Union," contains observations by H. B. S. on spiritualism and Mr. Owen's books.

Christianity and spiritualism.

Church, the, responsible for slavery.

Cincinnati, Lyman Beecher accepts call to; Catherine Beecher's impressions of; Walnut Hills and Seminary; famine in; cholera; sympathetic audience in.

Civil War, Mrs. Stowe on causes of.

Clarke & Co. on English success of "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" offer author remuneration.

Clay, Henry, and his compromise.

Cogswell, Catherine Ledyard, schoolfriend of H. B. S.

College of Teachers.

Collins professorship.

Colored people, advance of.

Confederacy, A. H. Stephens on object of.

Courage and cheerfulness of H. B. S.

Cranch, E. P.

Cruikshank illustrates "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

"DANIEL DERONDA," appears in "Harper's;" his nature like H. W. Beecher's; admiration of Prof. Stowe for.

Da Vinci's Last Supper, H. B. S.'s impressions of.

Death of youngest-born of H. B. S.; anguish at.

Death, H. B. S. within sight of the River of,

"Debatable Land between this World and the Next,"

Declaration of Independence, H. B. S.'s feeling about, death-knell to slavery,

Degan, Miss,

Democracy and American novelists, Lowell on,

"De Profundis," motive of Mrs. Browning's,

De Stal, Mme., and Corinne,

Dickens, first sight of, J. E. Lowell on,

"Dog's Mission, A," date of,

Domestic service, H. B. S.'s trouble with,

Doubters and disbelievers may find comfort in spiritualism,

Doubts, religious, after death of eldest son,

Douglass, Frederick, letters from H. B. S. to, on slavery,

Drake, Dr., family physician, one of founders of "College of Teachers,"

"Dred," Sumner's letter on, Georgiana May on, English edition of, presented to Queen Victoria, her interest in, demand for, in Glasgow, Duchess of Sutherland's copy, Low's sales of, "London Times," on, English reviews on, severe, "Revue des Deux Mondes" on, Miss Martineau on, Prescott on, Lowell on, now "Nina Gordon," publication of,

Dudevant, Madame. See Sand, George.

Dufferin, Lord and Lady, their love of American literature,

Dundee, meeting at,

Dunrobin Castle, visit to,

E—-, letter from H. B. S. to, on breakfast at the Trevelyans',

"Earthly Care a Heavenly Discipline,"

East Hampton, L. I., birthplace of Catherine Beecher,

Eastman, Mrs., writes a Southern reply to "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

Edgeworth, Maria,

Edinburgh, H. B. S. in, return to,

Edmonson slave family; efforts to save, Mrs. Stowe educates and supports daughters, raises money to free mother and two slave children,

Edmonson, death of Mary,

Education, H. B. S.'s interest in,

Edwards, Jonathan, the power of, his treatise on "The Will," refuted by Catherine Beecher,

Eliot, George, a good Christian, on psychical problems, on "Oldtown Folks," her despondency in "writing life" and longing for sympathy, on power of fine books, on religion, desires to keep an open mind on all subjects, on impostures of spiritualism, lack of "jollitude" in "Middlemarch," invited to visit America, sympathy with H. B. S. in Beecher trial, proud of Stowes' interest in her "spiritual children," on death of Mr. Lewes and gratitude for sympathy of H. B. S., a "woman worth loving," H. B. S.'s love for greater than her admiration, letters from H. B. S. to, on spiritualism, describes Florida nature and home, reply to letter of sympathy giving facts in the Beecher ease, from Professor Stowe on spiritualism, letter to H. B. S. from, with sympathy on abuse called out by the Byron affair, on effect of letter of H. B. S. to Mrs. Follen upon her mind, on joy of sympathy, reply to letter on spiritualism, sympathy with her in the Beecher trial,

Elmes. Mr.,

"Elms, The Old," H. B. S.'s seventieth birthday celebrated at,

"Elsie Vernier," Mrs. Stowe's praise of,

Emancipation, Proclamation of,

Emmons, Doctor, the preaching of,

England and America compared,

England, attitude of, in civil war, grief at, help of to America on slave question,

English women's address on slavery, H. B. S.'s reply in the "Atlantic Monthly,"

Europe, first visit to, second visit to, third visit to,

Faith in Christ,

Famine in Cincinnati,

Fiction, power of,

Fields, Mrs. Annie, in Boston, her tribute to Mrs. Stowe's courage and cheerfulness, George Eliot's mention of, her poem read at seventieth birthday,

Fields. Jas. T., Mr. and Mrs., visit of H. B. S. to,

Fisher, Prof. Alexander Metcalf, engagement to Catherine Beecher, sails for Europe, his death by drowning in shipwreck of Albion, Catherine Beecher's soul struggles, over his future fate, influence of these struggles depicted in "The Minister's Wooing,"

Florence, Mrs. Stowe's winter in,

Florida, winter home in Mandarin, like Sorrento, wonderful growth of nature, how H. B. S.'s house was built, her happy life in, longings for, her enjoyment of happy life of the freedmen in,

Flowers, love of, painting,

Follen, Mrs., letter from H. B. S. to, on her biography,

Foote, Harriet, aunt of H. B. S., energetic English character, teaches niece catechism,

Foote, Mrs. Roxanna, grandmother of H. B. S., first visit to, visit to in 1827,

"Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World,"

"Footsteps of the Master," published,

"Fraser's Magazine" on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," Helps's review of "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

"Free Agency," Catherine Beecher's refutation of Edwards on "The Will,"

French critics, high standing of,

Friends, love for, death of, death of old, whose letters are cherished, death of, takes away a part of ourselves,

Friendship, opinion of,

Fugitive Slave Act, suffering caused by, Prof. Cairnes on, practically repealed,

Future life, glimpses of, leave strange sweetness,

Future punishment, ideas of,

Garrison, W. L., to Mrs. Stowe on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," in hour of victory, his "Liberator," sent with H. W. Beecher to raise flag on Sumter, letters to H. B. S. from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," on slavery, on arousing the church,

Gaskell, Mrs., at home, Geography, school, written by Mrs. Stowe, note,

Germany's tribute to "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

Gladstone, W. E.,

Glasgow, H. B. S. visits, 210; Anti-slavery Society of.

Glasgow Anti-slavery Society, letter from H. B. S. to.

God, H. B. S.'s views of; trust in; doubts and final trust in; his help in time of need.

Goethe and Mr. Lewes; Prof. Stowe's admiration of.

Goldschmidt, Madame. See Lind, Jenny.

Grres on spiritualism and mysticism.

Grandmother, letter from H. B. S. to, on breaking up of Litchfield home; on school life in Hartford.

Granville, Lord.

"Gray's Elegy," visit to scene of.

Guiccioli, Countess, "Recollections of Lord Byron."

HALL, Judge James.

Hallam, Arthur Henry.

Hamilton and Manumission Society.

Harper & Brothers reprint Guieeioli's "Recollections of Byron."

Hartford, H. B. S. goes to school at; the Stowes make their home at.

Harvey, a phantom.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel; letter on; on slavery; letter to H. B. S. on, from English attitude towards America.

Health, care of.

Heaven, belief in.

Helps, Arthur, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" meets H. B. S., letter from H. B. S. to, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Henry, Patrick, on slavery.

Hentz, Mrs. Caroline Lee.

Higginson, T. W., letter to H. B. S. from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

"History, The, of the Byron Controversy."

Holmes, O. W., correspondence with, et seq.; attacks upon; H. B. S. asks advice from, about manner of telling facts in relation to Byron Controversy; sends copy of "Lady Byron Vindicated" to; on facts of case; on sympathy displayed in his writings; poem on H. B. S.'s seventieth birthday; tribute to Uncle Tom; letters from H. B. S. to; on "Poganue People;" asking advice about Byron Controversy and article for "Atlantic Monthly;" letters to H. B. S. from; on facts in the Byron Controversy.

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., celebrate H. B. S.'s seventieth birthday.

Houghton, H. 0., presents guests to H. B. S., on celebration of seventieth birthday, 500; address of welcome by.

"House and Home Papers" published.

Howitt, Mary, calls on H. B. S.

Human life, sacredness of.

Human nature in books and men.

Hume and mediums.

Humor of Mrs. Stowe's books, George Eliot on.

Husband and wife, sympathy between.

IDEALISM versus Realism, Lowell on.

"Independent," New York, work for; Mrs. Browning reads Mrs. Stowe in.

Inverary Castle, H. B. S.'s. visit to.

Ireland's gift to Mrs. Stowe.

JEFFERSON, Thomas, on slavery.

Jewett, John P., of Boston, publisher of "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

KANSAS Nebraska Bill; urgency of question.

"Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin" projected; written; contains facts; read by Pollock; by Argyll; sickness caused by; sale; facts woven into "Dred;" date of in chronological list.

Kingsley, Charles, upon effect of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 196; visit to; letters to H. B. S. from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Kossuth, on freedom; Mrs. Stowe calls upon.

LABOUCHERE, Lady Mary, visit to.

"Lady Byron Vindicated;" date.

Letters, circular, writing of, a custom in the Beecher family; H. B. S.'s love of; H. B. S.'s peculiar emotions on re-reading old.

Lewes, G. H., George Eliot's letter after death of.

Lewes, Mrs. G. H. See Eliot, George.

"Library of Famous Fiction," date of.

"Liberator," The; and Bible; suspended after the close of civil war.

Lincoln and slavery; death of.

Lind, Jenny, liberality of; H. B. S. attends concert by; letter to H. B. S. from, on her delight in "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" letters from H. B. S. to, with appeal for slaves.

Litchfield, birthplace of H. B. S.; end of her child-life in; home at broken up.

Literary labors, early; prize story; club essays; contributor to "Western Monthly Magazine;" school geography; described in letter to a friend; price for; fatigue caused by; length of time passed in, with list of books written.

Literary work versus domestic duties, et seq.; short stories—"New Year's Story" for "N. Y. Evangelist;" "A Scholar's Adventures in the Country" for "Era."

Literature, opinion of.

"Little Pussy Willow," date of.

Liverpool, warm reception of H. B. S. at.

London poor and Southern slaves.

London, first visit to; second visit to.

Longfellow, H. W., congratulations of, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" letter on; Lord Granville's likeness to; letters to H. B. S. from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Love, the impulse of life.

Lovejoy, J. P., murdered; aided by Beechers.

Low, Sampson, on success of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" abroad.

Low, Sampson & Co. publish "Dred;" their sales.

Lowell, J. R., Duchess of Sutherland's interesting; less known in England than he should be; on "Uncle Tom;" on Dickens and Thackeray; on "The Minister's Wooing;" on idealism; letter to H. B. S. from, on "The Minister's Wooing."

MACAULAY.

McClellan, Gen., his disobedience to the President's commands.

"Magnalia," Cotton Mather's, a mine of wealth to H. B. S; Prof. Stowe's interest in.

Maine law, curiosity about in England.

Mandarin, Mrs. Stowe at; like

Sorrento, how her house was built, her happy out-door life in, relieved from domestic care, longings for home at, freed-men's happy life in South,

Mann, Horace, makes a plea for slaves,

Martineau, Harriet, letter to H. B. S. from,

May, Georgiana, school and life-long friend of H. B. S., Mrs. Sykes, her ill-health and fare-well to H. B. S., letters from H. B. S. to, account of westward journey, on labor in establishing school, on education, just before her marriage to Mr. Stowe, on her early married life and housekeeping, on birth of her son, describing first railroad ride, on her children, her letter to Mrs. Foote, grandmother of H. B. S., letters to H. B. S. from,

"Mayflower, The," revised and republished, date of,

Melancholy, a characteristic of Prof. Stowe in childhood,

"Men of Our Times," date of,

"Middlemarch," H. B. S. wishes to read, character of Casaubon in,

Milman, Dean,

Milton's hell,

"Minister's Wooing, The," soul struggles of Mrs. Marvyn, foundation of incident, idea of God in, impulse for writing, appears in "Atlantic Monthly," Lowell, J. R. on, Whittier on, completed, Ruskin on, undertone of pathos, visits England in relation to, date of, "reveals warm heart of man" beneath the Puritan in Whittier's poem,

Missouri Compromise, repealed,

Mohl, Madame, and her salon,

Money-making, reading as easy a way as any of,

Moral aim in novel-writing, J. R. Lowell on,

"Mourning Veil, The,"

"Mystique La," on spiritualism,

NAPLES and Vesuvius,

"National Era," its history, work for,

Negroes, petition from, presented by J. Q. Adams,

New England, Mrs. Stowe's knowledge of, in "The Minister's Wooing," life pictured in "Oldtown Folks,"

New London, fatigue of reading at,

Newport, tiresome journey to, on reading tour,

Niagara, impressions of,

Normal school for colored teachers,

"North American Review" on "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

North versus South, England on,

Norton, C. E., Ruskin on the proper home of,

"OBSERVER, New York," denunciation of "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

"Oldtown Fireside Stories," strange spiritual experiences of Prof. Stowe, Sam Lawson a real character, relief after finishing, date of in chronological list, in Whittier's poem on seventieth birthday "With Old New England's flavor rife,"

"Oldtown Folks," Prof. Stowe original of "Harry" in, George Eliot on its reception in England, picture of N. E. life, date of, Whittier's praise of, "vigorous pencil-strokes" in poem on seventieth birthday,

Orthodoxy.

"Our Charley," date of.

Owen, Robert Dale, his "Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World" and "The Debatable Land between this World and the Next;" H. B. S. wishes George Eliot to meet.

PALMERSTON, Lord, meeting with.

"Palmetto Leaves" published; date.

Papacy, The.

Paris, first visit to; second visit.

Park, Professor Edwards A.

Parker, Theodore, on the Bible and Jesus.

Paton, Bailie, host of Mrs. Stowe.

Peabody, pleasant reading in; Queen Victoria's picture at.

"Pearl of Orr's Island, The;" first published; Whittier's favorite; date of.

"Pebbles from the Shores of a Past Life," a review of her life proposed to be written by H. B. S. with aid of son Charles.

Phantoms seen by Professor Stowe.

Phelps, Elizabeth Stuart, writes poem on H. B. S.'s seventieth birthday.

"Philanthropist, The," anti-slavery paper.

Phillips, Wendell, attitude of after war.

"Pink and White Tyranny," date of.

Plymouth Church, saves Edmonson's daughters; slavery and; clears Henry Ward Beecher by acclamation; calls council of Congregational ministers and laymen; council ratifies decision of Church; committee of five appointed to bring facts which could be proved; missions among poor particularly effective at time of trial.

"Poganuc People;" sent to Dr. Holmes; date of.

Pollock, Lord Chief Baron.

Poor, generosity of touches H. B. S.

Portland, H. B. S.'s friends there among the past; her readings in.

Portraits of Mrs. Stowe; Belloc to paint; untruth of.

Poverty in early married life.

Prescott, W. H., letter to H. B. S. from, on "Dred."

"Presse, La," on "Dred."

Providential aid in sickness.

"QUEER Little People."

READING and teaching.

Religion and humanity, George Eliot on.

"Religious poems," date of.

"Revue des Deux Mondes" on "Dred."

Riots in Cincinnati and anti-slavery agitation.

Roenne, Baron de, visits Professor Stowe.

Roman polities in 1861.

Rome, H. B. S.'s journey to; impressions of.

Ruskin, John, letters to H. B. S. from, on "The Minister's Wooing;" on his dislike of America, but love for American friends.

Ruskin and Turner.

SAINT-BEUVE, H. B. S.'s liking for.

Sales, Francis de, H. W. Beecher compared with.

Salisbury, Mr., interest of in "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Salons, French.

Sand, George, reviews "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

Scotland, H. B. S.'s first visit to.

Scott, Walter, Lyman Beecher's opinion of, when discussing novel- reading, 25; monument in Edinburgh.

Sea, H. B. S.'s nervous horror of.

Sea-voyages, H. B. S. on.

Semi-Colon Club, H. B. S. becomes a member of.

Shaftesbury, Earl of, letter of, to Mrs. Stowe.

Shaftesbury, Lord, to H. B. S., letter from; letter from H. B. S. to; America and.

Skinner, Dr.

Slave, aiding a fugitive.

Slave-holding States on English address; intensity of conflict in.

Slavery, H. B. S.'s first notice of; anti-slavery agitation; death- knell of; Jefferson, Washington, Hamilton, and Patrick Henry on; growth of; rsum of its history; responsibility of church for; Lord Carlisle's opinion on; moral effect of; sacrilege of; its past and future; its injustice; its death-blow; English women's appeal against; J. Q. Adams' crusade against; gone forever.

Slaves, H. B. S.'s work for and sympathy with; family sorrows of.

Smith, Anna, helper to Mrs. S.; note.

Soul, immortality of, H. B. S.'s essay written at age of twelve: first literary production; Addison's remarks upon; Greek and Roman idea of immortality; light given by Gospel; Christ on.

South, England's sympathy with the.

South Framingham, good audience at reading in.

"Souvenir, The."

Spiritualism, Mrs. Stowe on; Mrs. Browning on; Holmes, O. W., on; "La Mystique" and Grres on; Professor Stowe's strange experiences in; George Eliot on psychical problems of; on "Charlatanerie" connected with; Robert Dale Owen on; Goethe on; H. B. S.'s letter to George Eliot on; her mature views on; a comfort to doubters and disbelievers; from Christian standpoint.

Stafford House meeting.

Stephens, A. H., on object of Confederacy.

Storrs, Dr. R. S.

Stowe, Calvin E.; death of first wife; his engagement to Harriet E. Beecher; their marriage; his work in Lane Seminary; sent by the Seminary to Europe on educational matters; returns; his Educational Report presented; aids a fugitive slave; strongly encourages his wife in her literary aspirations; care of the sick students in Lane Seminary; is "house-father" during his wife's illness and absence; goes to water cure after his wife's return from the same; absent from Cincinnati home at death of youngest child; accepts the Collins Professorship at Bowdoin; gives his mother his reasons for leaving Cincinnati; remains behind to finish college work, while wife and three children leave for Brunswick, Me.; resigns his professorship at Bowdoin, and accepts a call to Andover; accompanies his wife to Europe; his second trip with wife to Europe; sermon after his son's death; great sorrow at his bereavement; goes to Europe for the fourth time; resigns his position at Andover; in Florida; failing health; his letter to George Eliot; H. B. S. uses his strange experiences in youth as material for her picture of "Harry" in "Oldtown Folks;" the psychological history of his strange child-life; curious experiences with phantoms, and good and bad spirits; visions of fairies; love of reading; his power of character-painting shown in his description of a visit to his relatives; George Eliot's mental picture of his personality; enjoys life and study in Florida; his studies on Prof. Grres' book, "Die Christliche Mystik," and its relation to his own spiritual experience; love for Henry Ward Beecher returned by latter; absorbed in "Daniel Deronda;" "over head and ears in diablerie;" fears he has not long to live; dull at wife's absence on reading tour; enjoys proximity to Boston Library, and "Life of John Qniney Adams;" death and note; letters from H. B. S. to; on her illness; on cholera epidemic in Cincinnati; on sickness, death of son Charley; account of new home; on her writings and literary aspirations; on success of "Uncle Tom's Cabin;" on her interest in the Edmonson slave family; on life in London; on visit to the Duke of Argyle; from Dunrobin Castle; on "Dred;" other letters from abroad; on life in Paris; on journey to Rome; on impressions of Rome; on Swiss journey; from Florence; from Paris; on farewell to her soldier son; visit to Duchess of Argyle; on her reading tour; on his health and her enforced absence from him; on reading, at Chelsea; at Bangor and Portland; at South Framingham and Haverhill; Peabody; fatigue at New London reading; letters from to H. B. S. on visit to his relatives and description of home life; to mother on reasons for leaving the West; to George Eliot; to son Charles.

Stowe, Charles E., seventh child of H. B. S., birth of; at Harvard; at Bonn; letter from Calvin E. Stowe to; letter from H. B. S. to, on her school life; on "Poganuc People;" on her readings in the West; on selection of papers and letters for her biography; on interest of herself and Prof. Stowe in life and anti-slavery career of John Quincy Adams.

Stowe, Eliza Tyler (Mrs. C. E.), draft of: twin daughter of H. B. S.

Stowe, Frederick William, second son of H. B. S.; enlists in First Massachusetts; made lieutenant for bravery; mother's visit to; severely wounded; subsequent effects of the wound, never entirely recovers, his disappearance and unknown fate; ill-health after war, Florida home purchased for his sake.

Stowe, Georgiana May, daughter of H. B. S., birth of; family happy in her marriage; letter from H. B. S. to.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, birth and parentage of; first memorable incident, the death of her mother; letter to her brother Charles on her mother's death, incident of the tulip bulbs and mother's gentleness, first journey a visit to her grandmother, study of catechisms under her grandmother and aunt, early religious and Biblical reading, first school at the age of five, hunger after mental food, joyful discovery of "The Arabian Nights," in the bottom of a barrel of dull sermons, reminiscences of reading in father's library, impression made by the Declaration of Independence, appearance and character of her stepmother, healthy, happy child-life, birth of her half-sister Isabella and H. B. S.'s care of infant, early love of writing, her essay selected for reading at school exhibitions, her father's pride in essay, subject of essay, arguments for belief in the Immortality of the Soul, end of child-life in Litchfield, goes to sister Catherine's school at Hartford, describes Catherine Beecher's school in letter to son, her home with the Bulls, school friends, takes up Latin, her study of Ovid and Virgil, dreams of being a poet and writes "Cleon," a drama, her conversion, doubts of relatives and friends, connects herself with First Church, Hartford, her struggle with rigid theology, her melancholy and doubts, necessity of cheerful society, visit to grandmother, return to Hartford, interest in painting lessons, confides her religious doubts to her brother Edward, school life in Hartford, peace at last, accompanies her father and family to Cincinnati, describes her journey, yearnings for New England home, ill-health and depression, her life in Cincinnati and teaching at new school established by her sister Catherine and herself, wins prize for short story, joins "Semicolon Club," slavery first brought to her personal notice, attends Henry Ward Beecher's graduation, engagement, marriage, anti-slavery agitation, sympathy with Birney, editor of anti-slavery paper in Cincinnati, birth of twin daughters, of her third child, reunion of the Beecher family, housekeeping versus literary work, birth of second son, visits Hartford, literary work encouraged, sickness in Lane Seminary, death of brother George, birth of third daughter, protracted illness and poverty, seminary struggles, goes to water cure, returns home, birth of sixth child, bravery in cholera epidemic, death of youngest child Charles, leaves Cincinnati, removal to Brunswick, getting settled, husband arrives, birth of seventh child, anti-slavery feeling aroused by letters from Boston, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," first thought of, writings for papers, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" appears as a serial, in book form, its wonderful success, praise from Longfellow, Whittier, Garrison, Higginson, letters from English nobility, et seq.; writes "Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin," visits Henry Ward in Brooklyn, raises money to free Edmondson family, home-making at Andover, first trip to Europe, wonderful success of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" abroad, her warm reception at Liverpool,; delight in Scotland; public reception and teaparty at Glasgow; warm welcome from Scotch people; touched by the "penny offering" of the poor for the slaves; Edinburgh soire; meets English celebrities at Lord Mayor's dinner in London; meets English nobility; Stafford House; breakfast at Lord Trevelyan's; Windsor; presentation of bracelet; of inkstand; Paris, first visit to; en route for Switzerland; Geneva and Chillon; Grindelwald to Meyringen; London, en route for America; work for slaves in America; correspondence with Garrison, et. seq.; "Dred"; second visit to Europe; meeting with Queen Victoria; visits Inverary Castle; Dunrobin Castle; Oxford and London; visits the Laboucheres; Paris; en route to Rome; Naples and Vesuvius; Venice and Milan; homeward journey and return; death of oldest son; visits Dartmouth; receives advice from Lowell on "The Pearl of Orr's Island"; "The Minister's Wooing"; third trip to Europe; Duchess of Sutherland's warm welcome; Switzerland; Florence; Italian journey; return to America; letters from Ruskin, Mrs. Browning, Holmes; bids farewell to her son; at Washington; her son wounded at Gettysburg; his disappearance; the Stowes remove to Hartford; Address to women of England on slavery; winter home in Florida; joins the Episcopal Church; erects schoolhouse and church in Florida; "Palmetto Leaves"; "Poganuc People"; warm reception at South; last winter in Florida; writes "Oldtown Folks"; her interest in husband's strange spiritual experiences; H. B. S. justifies her action in Byron Controversy; her love and faith in Lady Byron; reads Byron letters; counsels silence and patience to Lady Byron; writes "True Story of Lady Byron's Life"; publishes "Lady Byron Vindicated"; "History of the Byron Controversy"; her purity of motive in this painful matter; George Eliot's sympathy with her in Byron matter; her friendship, with George Eliot dates from letter shown by Mrs. Follen; describes Florida life and peace to George Eliot; her interest in Mr. Owen and spiritualism; love of Florida life and nature; history of Florida home; impressions of "Middlemarch"; invites George Eliot to come to America; words of sympathy on Beecher trial from George Eliot, and Mrs. Stowe's reply; her defense of her brother's purity of life; Beecher trial drawn on her heart's blood; her mature views on spiritualism; her doubts of ordinary manifestations; soul-cravings after dead friends satisfied by Christ's promises; chronological list of her books; accepts offer from N. E. Lecture Bureau to give readings from her works; gives readings in New England; warm welcome in Maine; sympathetic audiences in Massachusetts; fatigue of traveling and reading at New London; Western reading tour; "fearful distances and wretched trains"; seventieth anniversary of birthday celebrated by Houghton, Mifflin & Co.; H. 0. Houghton's welcome; H. W. Beecher's reply and eulogy on sister; Whittier's poem at seventieth birthday; Holmes' poem; other poems of note written for the occasion; Mrs. Stowe's thanks; joy in the future of the colored race; reading old letters and papers; her own letters to Mr. Stowe and letters from friends; interest in Life of John Quincy Adams and his crusade against slavery; death of husband; of Henry Ward Beecher; thinks of writing review of her life aided by son, under title of "Pebbles from the Shores of a Past Life"; her feelings on the nearness of death, but perfect trust in Christ; glimpses of the future life leave a strange sweetness in her mind.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, twin daughter of H. B. S.

Stowe, Henry Ellis, first son of H. B. S.; goes to Europe; returns to enter Dartmouth; death of; his character; his portrait; mourning for.

Stowe, Samuel Charles, sixth child of H. B. S., birth of; death of; anguish at loss of; early death of.

Study, plans for a.

Sturge, Joseph, visit to.

Suffrage, universal, H. W. Beecher advocate of.

Sumner, Charles, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin"; letter to H. B. S. from.

Sumter, Fort, H. W. Beecher raises flag on.

"Sunny Memories"; date of.

Sutherland, Duchess of; friend to America; at Stafford House presents gold bracelet; visit to; fine character; sympathy with on son's death; warm welcome to H. B. S.; death of; letters from H. B. S. to, on "Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin"; on death of eldest son.

Sutherland, Lord, personal appearance of.

Swedenborg, weary messages from spirit-world of.

Swiss Alps, visit to; delight in.

Swiss interest in "Uncle Tom".

Switzerland, H. B. S. in.

Sykes, Mrs. See May, Georgiana.

Talfourd, Mr. Justice.

Thackeray, W. M., Lowell on.

Thanksgiving Day in Washington, freed slaves celebrate.

"Times, London," on "Uncle Tom's Cabin"; on Mrs. Stowe's new dress; on "Dred"; Miss Martineau's criticism on.

Titcomb, John, aids H. B. S. in moving.

Tourge, Judge A. W., his speech at seventieth birthday.

Trevelyan, Lord and Lady; breakfast to Mrs. Stowe.

Triqueti, Baron de, models bust of H. B. S.

Trowbridge, J. T., writes on seventieth birthday.

"True Story of Lady Byron's Life, The," in "Atlantic Monthly".

Tupper, M. F., calls on H. B. S.

"Uncle Tom's Cabin," description of Augustine St. Clair's mother's influence a simple reproduction of Mrs. Lyman Beecher's influence; written under love's impulse; fugitives' escape, foundation of story; popular conception of author of; origin and inspiration of; Prof. Cairnes on; Uncle Tom's death, conception of, letter to Douglas about facts, appears in the "Era,", came from heart, a religious work, object of, its power, begins a serial in "National Era," price paid by "Era," publisher's offer, first copy of books sold, wonderful success. praise from Longfellow, Whittier, Garrison, and Higginson, threatening letters, Eastman's, Mrs., rejoinder to, reception in England, "Times," on, political effect of, book tinder interdict in South, "Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin," Jenny Lind's praise of, attack upon, Sampson Low upon its success abroad, first London publisher, number of editions sold in Great Britain and abroad, dramatized in U. S. and London, European edition, preface to, fact not fiction, translations of, German tribute to, George Sand's review, remuneration for, written with heart's blood, Swiss interest in, Mme. Belloe translates, "North American Review" on, in France, compared with "Dred," J. R. Lowell on, Mrs. Stowe rereads after war, later books compared with, H. W. Beecher's approval of, new edition with introduction sent to George Eliot, date of, Whittier's mention of, in poem on seventieth birthday, Holmes' tribute to, in poem on same occasion,

Upham, Mrs., kindness to H. B. S., visit to,

Venice,

Victoria, Queen, H. B. S.'s interview with, gives her picture to Geo. Peabody,

Vizetelly, Henry, first London publisher of "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"

WAKEFIELD, reading at,

Walnut Hills, picture of, and old home revisited,

Waltham, audience inspires reader,

Washington, Mrs. Stowe visits soldier son at,

Washington on slavery,

Water cure, H. B. S. at,

"We and our Neighbors," date of,

Webster, Daniel, famous speech of,

Weld, Theodore D. in the anti-slavery movement,

Western travel, discomforts of,

Whately, Archbishop, letter to H. B. S. from,

Whitney, A. D. T., writes poem on seventieth birthday,

Whitney, Eli, and the cotton gin,

Whittier's "Ichabod," a picture of Daniel Webster,

Whittier, J. G., letter to W. L. Garrison from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," letter to H. B. S. from, on "Uncle Tom's Cabin," on "Pearl of Orr's Island," on "Minister's Wooing," poem on H. B. S's. seventieth birthday,

Windsor, visit to,

Womanhood, true, H. B. S. on intellect versus heart,

Woman's rights, H. W. Beecher, advocate of,

Women of America, Appeal from H. B. S. to,

Women's influence, power of,

ZANESVILLE, description of,

THE END

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