The physical universe in which man finds himself is not only surrounded by the spiritual universe, but the two are so absolutely interpenetrated that he may live in both, and, as a matter of fact, whoever lives the life of the spirit does live now and here, as an inhabitant of both these realms. The spiritual universe is the reservoir of energy. "The things that are seen are temporal, but those that are unseen are eternal," and faith, as the substance of those things not seen, is a definite potency which is practically related to daily affairs. That is to say, it is an absolute power, by means of which one can fulfil the practical duties of every day. The degree of one's ability to draw from this energy and assimilate it into his life measures his degree of success.
Doctor Ostwald, a German scientist, claims that in energy he has discovered the actual bridge, the missing link, between mind and matter, between the spiritual and the physical worlds; that it is a bridge "which covers the chasm between force and substance," and "which is of a nature sufficiently manifest to embrace the totality of our experiences, the interior as well as the exterior." Doctor Ostwald claims that there is an immaterial factor, one endowed with neither weight nor mass, which in a quantitative way is just as unchangeable as the mass and weight of material substances, and which, exactly like these, can undergo qualitative transformations of all kinds. He holds that energy may be converted from every one of its forms into every other, and its power of transformation is therefore unlimited, and that every change which takes place in the outer world, and every process, may be described by a statement of the kind and amount of energy that has undergone conversion.
This conception of energy is a very clear and remarkable one, placing it as the infinite power from which any form of force, spiritual or mechanical, can be derived.
In the moral universe the true expression of this energy upon which one may draw infinitely lies in service. It is in so enlarging the personal sphere of life as to include the widest possible range of sympathy and comprehension. The mystic spirit is full of value in reaching out into the realm of spiritual forces, but when these forces are gained they must be applied. The old religious idea used to include a great deal of discussion about saving the soul; but the larger spiritual enlightenment of to-day sees that the phrase "saving the soul" implies a present condition,—the state of love, sympathy, service, by which the soul is saved to-day, and not a vague condition to be only realized in some remote eternity. Now is the day of salvation. The success of life lies not in possessions; it lies in keeping the harmonious and perfectly receptive relation with the spiritual realm of forces, and using these forces in every duty and need and opportunity that presents itself. As for always compassing desires, or achieving the possession of this thing or that, is in reality immaterial. The best things in life are often the things one does not have; but they produce effects in the visible world, and often, just in proportion as the things themselves remain in the ethereal realm, is the potency of the effects they produce in the physical realm. This other dimension of existence is one with which the final reckoning must be made. It is no longer length of days, but intensity of energy, that determines results. Not length of time, but intensity of purpose, energy of action,—in these lie the secret of achievement. The power that lies in brief moments is the power required for effective life and work. Emerson truly says that we talk of the shortness of life, but that life is unnecessarily long. Degree and not duration is the test of power in any work, and the application of this truth to the ordinary affairs of life would render it possible to have every day hold in itself the value of a week or a month as usually estimated. The entire trend of progress is toward that intensity of creative energy that fairly speaks things into being. A business man has now on his desk a long-distance telephone, connecting him with far-away cities; he answers his letters by speaking into the phonograph; his typewriting clerk copies them from this, and an hour of his morning represents as much accomplishment as by the old and slower methods would have required days; and thus time is constantly made more valuable.
The discoveries in nature are in a perfect correspondence with the advancing requirements of human life.
The deeper researches of science are revealing the absolute unity of the entire universe. The earth and the most remote stars are composed of the same matter. The wonderful discovery of spectrum analysis by Kirchoff and Bunsen in 1861 has shown that the whole stellar universe is made up of the same chemical materials as those with which we are familiar upon the earth. A part of the dazzling brilliance of the noonday sun is due to the vapor of iron floating in his atmosphere, and the faint luminosity of the remotest cloudlike nebula is the glow of just such hydrogen as enters into every drop of water that we drink....
"... The generalization of the metamorphosis of forces, which was begun a century ago by Count Rumford when he recognized heat as a mode of molecular motion, was consummated about the middle of the century, when Doctor Joule showed mathematically just how much heat is equivalent to just how much visible motion, and when the researches of Helmholtz, Mayer, and Faraday completed the grand demonstration that light and heat and magnetism and electricity and visible motion are all interchangeable one into the other, and are continually thus interchanging from moment to moment."
It is not a far cry from these scientific data to the recognition that force, in all its various forms of manifestation, proceeds from the same energy, and that the curious manifestation of it in radium is explained by the possibility that this substance is merely a remarkable conductor of this intense energy in the ether. The human organism may make itself increasingly a conductor and transmitter of this energy, and the secret of coming into perfectly harmonious relations with this energy is the secret of all achievement. "Life is a search after power," says Emerson, "and this is an element with which the world is so saturated,—there is no chink or crevice in which it is not lodged,—that no honest seeking goes unrewarded.... All power," he adds, "is of one kind; a sharing of the nature of the world."
With his characteristically marvellous insight, Emerson has, in this paragraph, recognized the truth that, in these latter days, is a matter of absolute scientific discovery.
The "life that now is and that which is to come" are no more definitely separable than are the periods of childhood and youth, or youth and manhood. The advance is by evolutionary progress, with no sudden, or visible, change from day to day. The life that now is creates and determines the life that is to come. A man is what he is to-day because of the life he lived yesterday, and last year, and a decade, or several decades, ago. That which we call life—environment, circumstances, conditions—is the sum of the expression of all its past experiences, thought, aspirations, energy, or the lack of thought, aspirations, and energy. One's life is in his own hands; it is subject to his own will power, to his own energy of aspiration. He must aspire and go forward or he will degenerate. There is no possibility of an epoch that is stationary. Both in any form of work or art, as well as in mental and spiritual life, one must constantly go forward, or he will find himself going backward. Even a pianist as great as Paderewski must keep his fingers in practice on the keyboard every day. The painter cannot long absent himself from his canvas without losing in his art. The thinker, the student, must be forever conquering new realms.
Science is demonstrating the actual existence of another world, transcending, pervading, surrounding this one; a world which interpenetrates our own,—the ethereal in the atmospheric,—and there is one part of the personality of man that dwells continually on this ethereal side. The physical body only conveys a partial expression of the entire being. The spiritual self lived long before it tenanted this present body, and it will continue to live after it has discarded this body. The life that is constantly proceeds to create the life that is to come.
In this ethereal world,—which interpenetrates our atmosphere and in which the higher part of man's being continually dwells,—there are stored the finer forces which humanity is now discovering and learning to use. In this realm spirit speaks to spirit, telepathically. The power to thus communicate is an attribute of the spirit, and, whether in or out of the body, does not seem to affect the power. In this ethereal realm are the currents that make possible wireless telegraphy. The grouping and combination of these finer and more intense potencies result in great inventions. This realm is, in short, the miracle world; but a miracle is not something outside the laws of nature. Indeed, as Phillips Brooks truly said, "A miracle is an essential part of the plan of God." It is simply an occurrence under the higher laws, and on a higher plane. The great truths of spiritual life are pouring themselves out to this age with larger revelations of God. They teach the deepening necessity for constant love, for larger service, for a more complete consecration to the Divine life that may contribute more and more of usefulness to the human life. To achieve that "closer walk with God" that alone gives power, one must constantly seek larger fields of effort and endeavor, and bring himself face to face with great problems.
To live the higher life, the life of the spirit, is not to seek cloistered seclusion, but to enter into all the great opportunities, the difficulties, the privileges, or the penalties, that attend every real endeavor. In this, alone, does one find the life more abundant. In this, alone, lies the secret of making noble the life that now is and glorifying that which is to come.
The profound significance, and the illumination brought to the problem of living by simply giving one's self entirely, with belief, and love, and joy, to the will of God, is an experience that transcends human language. Too often has the acceptance of God's will been held to be a spirit of the abandonment of despair, or of the mere inertia that ceases from striving and from aspiration. On the contrary, it is the most intense form of action. It embodies the loftiest aspiration. It compels the highest degree of energy. It calls into play every intellectual faculty; it arouses and inspires. It is the regeneration of the individual. He does not know what life is; he does not even begin to live, at all, in any sense worth the name, until he lives and moves and has his being in the will of God. It is, indeed, as Professor Carl Hilty has said, a sense of initiative and power. "What is the happy life?" questions Professor Hilty. "It is a life of conscious harmony with the Divine order of the world, a sense, that is to say, of God's companionship.... The better world we enter is, indeed, entered by faith and not by sight; but this faith grows more confident and more supporting, until it is like an inward faculty of life itself. To substitute for this a world of the outward senses is to find no meaning in life which can convey confidence. Faith in God," continues Professor Hilty, "is a form of experience, not a form of proof.... Here then, is the first step toward the discovery of the meaning of life. It is an act of will, a moral venture, a listening to experience. No man can omit this initial step, and no man can teach another the lesson which lies in his own experience. The prophets of the Old Testament found an accurate expression for this act of will when they described it as a 'turning,' and they went on to assure their people of the perfect inward peace and the sense of confidence which followed this act. 'Look unto me and be ye saved,' says Isaiah; 'Incline your ear and come unto me; hear, and your soul shall live.' From that time to this, thousands of those who have thus changed the direction of their wills have entered into the same sense of peace; while no man who has thus given his will to God has ever felt himself permanently bewildered or forsaken.
"Here, also, in this free act of the will is attained that sense of liberty which is described as righteousness. It is a sense of initiative and power, as though one were not wholly the subject of arbitrary grace, but had a certain positive companionship with God.... This step once taken both the world in which one lives and one's own personal life get a clear and intelligible meaning."
Mrs. Browning has a line in "Aurora Leigh" that runs,—
"And having tried all other ways, to just try God's."
Ignorance and blindness may "try all other ways," and they prove unavailing. There is no success, there is no happiness, there is no progress, until there is the clear inner recognition and the profound and loving and joyful acceptance of the Divine will; of coming into such perfect acceptance of it as to make one's own will identified with its harmony.
Thus, when Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life," He simply expressed a fact that cannot be negatived nor ignored. It is an actual, a positive law, as impossible to evade as the law of gravitation. One may refuse "the way, the truth, and the life," and wander in bewilderment and inaction; but he will never be able to achieve worthy work, or personal peace, until he accepts and lives by this law. As Professor Hilty so well says, this, alone, gives life an intelligent meaning. "As one follows the way, he gains, first of all, courage, so that he dares to go on in his search. He goes still further, and the way opens into the assurance that life, with all its mystery, is not lived in vain. He pushes on, and the way issues into health, not only of the soul, but even of the body; for bodily health is more dependent on spiritual condition than spiritual condition is on bodily health; and modern medicine can never restore and assure health to the body if it limit its problem to physical relief alone. Nor is even this the end of the 'way' of Christ. Here alone is positive social redemption.... Finally, the way is sure to lead every life which follows it, and is willing to pay the price for the possession of truth, into the region of spiritual peace."
Thus, in the end, "out of the midst of evil, issues at last the mastery of the good." Thus moral progress itself is the witness of God.
Living by this faith, life becomes strong, serene, and radiant. "The Magi have but to follow their Star in peace.... The Divine action marvellously adjusts all things. The order of God sends each moment the appropriate instrument for its work; and the soul, enlightened by faith, finds all things good, desiring neither more nor less than she possesses."
One of the great discourses of Phillips Brooks had for its theme the lesson of not laying too much stress on the recognition of one's motives or on any return of sympathetic consideration. "Let me not think," said Doctor Brooks, "that I get nothing from the man who misunderstands all my attempts to serve him, and who scorns me when I know that I deserve his sympathy. Ah! it would be sad enough if only the men who understood us and were grateful to us when we gave ourselves to them had help to give us in return. The good reformer whom you try to help in his reform, and who turns off from you contemptuously because he distrusts you, seeing that your ways are different from his, he does not make you happy,—he makes you unhappy; but he makes you good, he leads you to a truer insight, a more profound unselfishness. And so (it is the old lesson), not until goodness becomes the one thing that you desire, not until you gauge all growth and gain by that, not until then can you really know that the law has worked, the promise has been fulfilled. With what measure you gave yourself to him, he has given himself—the heart of himself,—which is not his favor, not his love, but his goodness, the real heart of himself to you. For the rest you can easily wait until you both come to the better world, where misconceptions shall have passed away, and the outward forms and envelopes of things shall correspond perfectly with their inner substances forever."
In the last analysis one comes to realize that happiness is a condition depending solely on the relation of his soul to God; that neither life, nor death, nor principalities, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any living creature can separate him from it, because happiness and the love of God are one and identical, and it is not in the power of this world to give, or to take away, this sense of absolute oneness with the Divine life that comes when man gives himself, his soul and body, his hopes and aspirations and ideals, in complete consecration to the will of God.
For this alone is the Life Radiant. It may not be ease or pleasure, but it is that ceaseless joy of the soul that may be the daily experience of every human being. And to gain the deep inner conviction of this sublime truth is worth whatever it may cost of tears or trial. It is the threshold of joy. It is the initiation into a higher spiritual state which one may gain in his progress while on earth as well as in heaven. In fact, no one is really fitted for the highest privileges and sweetness he may crave until he has learned to live well, to live joyfully, without them. No one is fitted for joy until he can live well without joy. It is the law and the prophets.
One may tread,—not the "whole round of creation," as Browning phrases it, but a minor segment of it, at least, and come back with added and more profound conviction that happiness is a condition of the spirit; that "the soul is ceaselessly joyful;" that the incidents and accidents of the outward life cannot mar nor lessen that sense of higher peace and joy and harmony which is the atmosphere of any true spiritual life. One may recognize and affirm this truth by spiritual intuition, and he may then be led through many phases of actual tests in actual life; he may for a time lose his hold on it and come to say that happiness is a thing that depends on so many causes outside one's own control; that illness, death, loss of friends, adverse circumstances, failures and trials of all kinds, may come into his experience, and that one is at the mercy of all these vicissitudes. Can the individual be happy, he will ask, when all that made happiness is taken away? Can he be happy if he has lost all his worldly goods? or if death has taken those nearest and dearest to him? or if the separations of life, far harder to bear than those of death, have come to him? And yet, until he has learned to answer these questions with the most triumphant affirmative, he has not learned the measure nor sounded the depth of a true and noble order of Happiness. The difference is that of being safely on board a great steamer when wind and wave are tempest-tossed, or of being helpless in the raging waters. The storm may be precisely the same; the tempest may rage as it will, but safe and secure in the cabin or stateroom, the voyager does not mind its fury. And truly may this analogy be held in life. It is possible to emerge from the winds and waves; to enter so entirely into the sense of security in the Divine; to hold so absolutely the faith in the Divine leading, that even in the midst of trial and loss and deprivation and sorrow, one shall come to know, through his own experience, that "the soul is ceaselessly joyful." For it is one thing to accept a truth theoretically, or believe it intuitively, and another to prove it through experience that shall test the quality of faith and conviction. Learning this supreme truth of life through outward experiences as well as through inner revelation is a victory of the will that may even make itself an epoch, a landmark, in spiritual progress.
It is the complete recognition of that invincible aid given to the soul through the "ever-present" aid of the Holy Ghost, the Comforter.
"Jesus, the Christ, this one perfect character, has come into the world and lived in it; filling all the moulds of action, all the terms of duty, and love, with His own divine manners, works, and charities," wrote Doctor Horace Bushnell. "All the conditions of our life are raised thus by the meaning He has shown to be in them and the grace He has put upon them. The world itself is changed and is no more the same that it was; it has never been the same since Jesus left it. The air is charged with heavenly odors, and a kind of celestial consciousness, a sense of other worlds, is wafted on us in its breath. It were easier to untwist all the beams of light in the sky, separating and expunging one of the colors, than to get the character of Jesus, which is the real gospel, out of the world."
The one deepest need of the world to-day; the one deepest need of each individual, is the more actual realization of the personality of Christ. The perspective of nineteen hundred years only brings more vividly before the mind, more close to the spiritual apprehension, the personal holiness of Jesus, and enforces the truth that shall redeem humanity,—the practical possibility of the increasing achievement of this personal holiness for every man and woman. "Because I live ye shall live also," He said. But what is it to live? Certainly, something far above and beyond mere existence. Life, in its true sense, is to know God. This is the life eternal. No one can "know God" save in just the degree to which he lives God's life,—the divine life,—and in the degree to which he is living the divine life does he live the life eternal. The life eternal may be lived to-day as well as after death, in some vague eternity. The life eternal is simply the life of spiritual qualities. It is the life in which truth, honor, integrity, sacrifice, patience, and love abound, and in which all that is selfish and false is cast out. Now, however exalted a definition of the present, daily life this may seem to be, it is in no sense an impossible one. The more exalted is one's standard for the perpetual quality of his life, the more stimulating it becomes. The exalted ideal inspires; the low standard depresses. An invincible energy sweeps instantly through the atmosphere to sustain him who allies himself with his noblest ideals. A force that disintegrates and baffles sweeps down upon him who abandons his nobler ideals, and substitutes for them the mere selfish, the commonplace, or the base. The "Choose ye this day whom ye will serve" is no merely abstract phrase or trick of rhetoric. Every hour is an hour of destiny. Every hour is an hour of choice. Legions of angels are in the unseen world surrounding humanity. Not one thought, one aspiration, one prayer, is unheard and unnoted. No conditions or circumstances are sordid or material unless he whom they invest make them so by sordid and material thought; by turning away from that life of the spirit whose very reality is made and is tested by these circumstances. "All the conditions of life are raised," says Doctor Bushnell, in the extract quoted above, "by the meaning He has shown to be in them, and the grace He has put upon them." Might not one, with profit, dwell for a moment upon this statement?
There is a current sweeping through latter-day life and reflecting itself largely in miscellaneous literature, to the effect that what the writers are pleased to call "success in life" is achieved by self-reliance; that a man must believe in himself; and the final triumph is illustrated as that of the man who begins as an errand boy at two dollars a week and ends as a multi-millionaire. Between these two points in space the arc of success subtends, according to this order of literature, and the word is: make a million, or a hundred millions of dollars,—honestly if you can, dishonestly if you must, but, at all events, the point is to "arrive." Now there is both a most demoralizing fallacy and a strong and valuable truth mixed up in these exhortations. "Trust thyself," said Emerson; "every heart vibrates to that iron string."
"I thank whatever gods there be For my unconquerable soul,"
sings William Ernest Henley, and he closes with the ringing lines,—
"I am the Captain of my fate, I am the master of my soul."
And Emerson and Henley are right—so far as they go. And the man who has been industrious, and economical, and has accumulated a fortune, has, at all times, some elements that are right; and rigid economy is far better than selfish indulgence. But whether a rigid economy is always a virtue—depends. "There is that scattereth, yet increaseth." Whether it is nobler to increase one's bank account at the expense of all the personal expansion of life, through study, social life, travel,—all that makes up a choice and fine culture, and at the expense of depriving one's self of the untold luxury of service, as needs come in view,—is certainly an open question, and one in which there is a good deal to say for other uses of money than that of establishing an impressive bank account; but leaving this aspect of the problem, one returns to that phase of it represented by self-reliance. It is a great hindrance to the infinite development of man to conceive of courage and self-reliance as capacities or powers of his own rather than as fed from the divine energy. A stream might as well cut itself off from its source, and from its tributaries, and expect to flow on, in undiminished current to the sea, as for man to regard courage and force of will as generated in himself. Thus he dwarfs and hinders all his spiritual powers that are found to lay hold upon God. Thus he stifles himself, rather than open his windows into the pure air. "All the conditions of life are raised by the meaning Jesus has shown to be in them."
Certainly, it was not for nothing that Christ came into the conditions of the human life. His experience on earth comprehended every privation, every limitation, known to the physical life. Not only these,—but He experienced every phase of sorrow, of trial, of mental pain, of spiritual anguish. He was misunderstood, He was misrepresented, He was assailed and crucified. He understood the needs of the body as well as of the spirit. He had no contempt nor condemnation for comfort, prosperity, or wealth, in and of themselves. He simply regarded them as means to an end, and if nobly used to noble ends, life was the better for whatever phases and factors of power it possessed. But He taught the truth that here we have no continuing city; that this temporary sojourn on earth is designed as a period in which to develop qualities rather than to heap up accumulations. "What shall it profit a man," He well said, "if he gain the whole world and lose his own soul?"
So here was a man, living the earthly and physical life; comprehending all the earthly and physical problems involved in relation with the physical world; not ignoring or denying them like a mere fanatic, but estimating them in the true scale of values,—here was a man who by his experience and example proved that personal holiness of life is not incompatible with personal attention to every detail of human affairs. Jesus did not isolate Himself in a monastic cell in order to live the life of the spirit. He practically taught that the very supreme test of the life of the spirit is to live it in the heart of human activities. It is in the resistless tide of daily affairs,—in the office of the lawyer, the journalist, the physician, the architect; in the studio of the artist, in the counting-room, the bank, the salesroom, and the market-place, that the life of personal holiness is possible, and it is possible to man because Jesus, taking upon Himself the human life, so lived it in these very circumstances and under these conditions. Christ and His all-quickening life remain in the world. They did not leave it with His physical death. They remain as the incorruptible, the glorious, the priceless possession of every man and woman to-day. To this divine example of a perfect character revealed in the guise of the human life, each individual in the world to-day can turn, as the most practical ideal by which to shape his own life and to ultimately realize the command, "Be perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect." If this transcendent ideal were not a possibility for the soul, surely God would not have given it as an idle command; but man, as a spiritual being, is designed to live the spiritual life, and this life is that of perpetual spiritual progress and ideal achievement; of entering into that golden atmosphere in which he shall not only
"—dream of summers and dream of flowers That last alway,"
but find, in an ever-increasing degree, that the dream is merged into the profoundest reality of experience.
"Present suffering is not enjoyable," said the late Rev. Doctor Maltbie Davenport Babcock, "but life would be worth little without it. The difference between iron and steel is fire, but steel is worth all it costs. Iron ore may think itself senselessly tortured in the furnace, but when the watch-spring looks back it knows better. David enjoyed pain and trouble no more than we do, but the time came when he admitted that they had been good for him. Though the aspect of suffering is hard, the prospect is hopeful.... The tests of life are to make, not break us. The blow at the outward man may be the greatest blessing to the inner man. If God, then, puts, or permits, anything hard in our lives, be sure that the real peril, the real trouble, is what we shall lose if we flinch or rebel."
Doctor Babcock's words suggest that there is perhaps nothing in all the divine teachings that is less understood and less accepted than the assertion of Saint Paul, "We glory in tribulation also." The general reader of the gospels and epistles—even the prayerful and reverent reader—relegates this expression to some abstract conditions, as something that might do very well for Saint Paul and a rudimentary civilization; as something that might be a very appropriate and decorous sentiment for Saint Sebastian on his gridiron, or Saint Catherine keeping her vigils in the vast and gloomy old church in Siena, but which certainly can bear no relation and hold no message for the modern reader. For the electric life of the hour,—full of color and vitality; throbbing with achievement; the life that craves prosperity as its truest expression, and finds adversity a poor and mean failure quite unsuitable to a man of brilliant gifts and energy; the life that believes in its own right of way and mistakes possessions for power,—what has it to do with "tribulation" except to refuse it? If it comes it is met with indignant protest rather than as a phase of experience in which to "glory;" it is evaded, if possible; and if it cannot be evaded it is received with rebellion, with gloom, with despondency, and perhaps, at last, an enforced and hopeless endurance, which is not, by the way, to be mistaken for resignation. Endurance is a passive condition that cannot, and does not even try, to help itself. Resignation, in its true reading, is wholly another matter; it is active, it is alive, it is conscious and intelligent and in joyful co-operation with the will of God. It is no poor and negative mental state; it is rich in vitality and in hope, as well, for in its absolute identification of itself, this human will with the divine will, it enters into a kingdom of untold glory, whose paths lead by the river of life to the noblest and most exalted heights of achievement and of undreamed-of joy.
If this be true of resignation, what shall be said of tribulation,—of glorying in tribulation? A man awakens to find himself in poverty instead of in wealth; his possessions suddenly swept away; or from health, he, or some one whose life is still dearer to him than his own, prostrated with illness; or to find himself unjustly accused or maligned, or misunderstood, or to encounter some other of the myriad phases of what he calls misfortune and tribulation. How is he to endure it? How is he to go on, living his life, in all this pain, perplexity, trial, or annoyance, much less to "glory" in this atmosphere of tribulation? One is engaged, it may be, in a work for which it would seem that peace of mind and joy and radiance were his only working capital; his essential resources; and suddenly these vanish, and his world is in ruins. Clouds of misapprehension envelop him round about, and he can neither understand, himself, what has produced them, nor can he, by any entreaty or appeal, be permitted the vantage ground of full and clear explanation. And his energies are paralyzed; the golden glory that enfolded his days investing them with a magical enchantment, has gone, and a leaden sky shuts him into a gloomy and leaden atmosphere. It is not only himself, but his work; not only what he may feel, but what, also, he may not accomplish. And his work is of a nature that is not only his own expression, his contribution to the sum of living, but one which involves responsibility to others, and some way,—well or ill, as may be,—it must be done. Shall he, can he, "glory" in this paralyzing pain and torture that so mysteriously has fallen upon him,—whose causes do not, so far as he can discern, lie in his own conduct, but in some impenetrable mystery of misapprehensions and misunderstandings; a tangled labyrinth to which he is denied the clue? Can he, indeed, facing all this torture and tragedy, with all that made the joy and light of life withdrawn,—can he encounter this form of tribulation with serene poise, with unfaltering purpose, with an intense and exalted faith? It is "not enjoyable," indeed, as Doctor Babcock, in the quotation above, at once concedes; but that the experience has a meaning,—a very profound meaning, one must believe; and believing this, he must feel that the responsibility rests on himself to accept this new significance that has, in an undreamed-of way, fallen into his life; to read its hidden lesson; to transmute it, by the miracle of divine grace, into something fairer and sweeter; to let its scorching fire make steel of that which was only iron. To accept, to believe, to feel this, in every fibre of his nature, is to "glory" in the tribulation. It is to extract its best meaning, and to go on in life better equipped than before. "The tests of life are to make and not break us." Here is the truer view, and one that reveals the divine significance in all mysteries of human experience. Beyond all these views, also, is that inflorescence of joy that springs from this more complete identification of one's own will with that of the divine. One comes into the full glow and beauty of that wonderful assurance of Jesus: "These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full."
This fulness of joy is a condition freely offered for perfect acceptance. The varied experiences are, as Browning has said, "just a stuff to try the soul's strength on." The kingdom of heaven lies open to all; it is at hand, not waiting afar in some vague futurity. Shall we not enter to-day into this kingdom of heaven which is at hand? Shall we not enter to-day into the very joy of the Lord? Pain and sorrow may invest the conditions of the moment, but they are forces which are transmuting the inconsequential into the significant; the common and trivial into the exalted and the sublime. The discord is merged into sublime harmonies that thrill the air; the glory of the Lord shines round about, and we enter into its illumination; we are ascending the Mount of Vision and the soul looketh steadily onward, discerning the beauty of holiness, in whose transfiguration gleams the fairest ideal revealed to humanity,—even the Life Radiant.
Abbott, Rev. Dr. Lyman, 83, 223. Academy of Science, 10. Adams, Hon. Alva, his tribute to Nathan Cook Meeker, 248. ——, General, 250. Africa, 230. Albertson, Dr., his invention, 151, 152, 153. Altar of Perpetual Adoration, 19. Ames, Dr. Charles Gordon, his uplifting sermons, 223, 322, 324. Andes, the, 125. Arizona, 205, 226. Armstrong, Gen. Samuel Chapman, 247. Arno, the, 251. Arnold, Sir Edwin, 65, 68. ——, Matthew, 198, 313. Atlantic, the, 125. —— cable, 116. —— coast, 92. "Aurora Leigh," 345. Austrian, 135. Avernus, 51. Ayrton, Prof. W. E., 124, 126.
Babcock, Rev. Dr. Maltbie Davenport, his noble words, 359, 360, 363. Balzac, Honore de, 103. "Banquo," 253. Baptist belief, 169. Beethoven, 228. Behmen, Jacob, 255. Besant, Annie, her theories on Prayer, 298, 299, 300. Bible, the, 126. Bonus, John, 256. Boston, 150, 234. Brewster, Elder, 241. "Bright Angel Trail, The," 233. British Isles, 142. Brooks, Rt. Rev. Dr. Phillips, 31, 53, 62, 183, 192, 204, 267, 268, 293, 347. Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 345. ——, Robert, 265, 364. Bunsen, Dr. Robert Wilhelm, 337. Bushnell, Rev. Dr. Horace, 351.
Cache la Poudre, 244. Carboniferous, 229. Centennial Exhibition, the, 245, 246. Chemical Society, 48. Cheyenne, 240. —— Canyon, 226, 232, 233. Chicago, 93. Christmas, 242. "Clothed with the Sun," 255. Colorado River, 230. ——, State of, 191, 237, 238, 239, 240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 251, 252, 253. Columbia University Chemical Society, 48. Congress, 246. Connecticut, 241. Cooper Institute, 240, 243. Copley Square, 169. Cosmos, the, 140. "Courier Journal," 238, 241. Crookes, Sir William, 9, 11. Crusaders, the, 226. "Culture," 198. Curie, Professor, Radium discovered by, 9, 10. ——, Madame, 9, 10. Cushing, Frank, 235.
Daniel, Book of, 163. "Daniel Deronda," 222. Dante, 185, 309. "Data of Ethics," 204. Darwin, Dr. Charles, 83. De Caussade, Pere, 275, 280, 281, 284, 290. Denver, 240. Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, 251. Discovery of the Future, 81. Donald, Rev. Dr. E. Winchester, 223. Divine Creation, 171. —— Love, 206, 288. —— Perfection, 300. —— Pressure, 199, 332. —— Truth, 286. —— Word, 314. —— Will, 89, 294.
Echo Cliffs, 236. Edison, Thomas, 116. Edwards, Jonathan, 171. Egyptian, 80. Eiffel Tower, 226. Electricity, 174. Eliot, President Charles W., 198. Elizabeth, 242. Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 32, 40, 42, 45, 49, 61, 78, 81, 93, 175, 177, 196, 197, 202, 203, 214, 217, 221, 237, 241, 242, 309, 324, 339, 354, 355. Empedocles, 78. England, 256. Episcopalian, 169. Eros, 145. "Esoteric Christianity," 298. Europe, 137, 150. "Evangeline," 250. Evolution, 330. "Expansion of Religion," 223.
Faraday, Michael, 338. Faust, 49. Fenelon, 302. Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 68. Field, Cyrus, 116. Fiske, Dr. John, consummation of organic evolution, 113; degree of achievement above the level of death, 327. Flagstaff, 234; cosmopolitan influence of, 235. Florence, 251. Foretelling of the future, 24. Fort Steele, 249. "Forum, The," article of Edward Everett Hale in, 79. Fuller, Margaret, defines social sympathies, 217.
Galilee, 264. Garden of the Gods, 242. German, 334. "Giver of all Good," 320. Goethe, 198. Gogol, 126. Gordon, Rev. Dr. George A., 223. Grand Canyon of the Colorado, 226, 228, 229, 233, 236. Greek, 249. Greeley, Horace, presided at meeting in Cooper Institute, 240; invited Nathan Cook Meeker to place on "Tribune," 241; encouraged founding of town, 243, 248; portrait of, 253. ——, town of, founded by Nathan Cook Meeker, 237, 240; beautiful situation of, 244; interest of, 245, 247. "——, Tribune, The," founding of, 238.
Hale, Rev. Dr. Edward Everett, prediction of, 79, 80; memory of, 150. Hall, General, writes of Nathan Cook Meeker, 247. Hamilton, Gail, 42. Harris, Dr. William Torrey, 190. Harvard, 55, 198. Hayes, Hon. Rutherford B., appoints Nathan Cook Meeker Indian Commissioner, 236, 247. Heavenly Vision, 302. Helbaicy, M. Tessier d', theory of, 135, 136. Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig, 338. Henley, William Ernest, 355. Hilty, Carl, his ideas on Happiness, 343. Himalayas, 233. Holland, Canon Scott, discussions of, 163; arraigns modern teachings, 164, 165; characterizes the ether, 166. Holmes, Dr. Oliver Wendell, counsel of, 47. Holy Spirit, the, 280, 331. "Hope of Religion," 223. Hugo, Victor, lines of, 273. "Human Freedom," 55. "Human Personality," 129, 148. Humanity, 221.
Indian, the, 247. Indian Commissioner, 238. Indiana, 205. Indians, legislation for, 246, 248, 249, 250. Isles of Patmos, 226. Italy, 257.
Jacob's ladder, 298. James, Prof. William, demonstration of, 55; depicts power of the Holy Spirit, 331. Jesus, 277. Joule, Dr., 338.
Kaiser Wilhelm II., the, 150. Kelvin, Lord, 263. Kerchsoff, 337. Kingsford, Dr. Anna, nee Bonus, remarkable mystic writings of, 255; marriage of, 256; theories of, 257, 259; remarkable interpretation of life of, 261.
Lacordaire, Pere, 229. Lanier, Sidney, 65. Latin, 198. Leadbeater, C. W., 186. Leavenworth, Professor, 144. Lent, 285. Leverrier, Urbain John Joseph, 84. "Life Radiant, The," 3, 5, 6, 16, 24, 25. 26, 37, 348. Lincoln, Abraham 7, 254. Liverpool, 150. Lodge, Sir Oliver, 9; new problems presented, by, 153, 154, 155; his theories regarding telepathy, 157. Loeb, Dr., 25. London, 86, 154, 216. Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 292. Long's Peak, 244. Lot, 202. Louis XV., 149. Lowell Institute, 234. Lowell, James Russell, 170. ——, John, 234. —— Observatory, 234. ——, Prof. Percival, his astronomical work, 234, 235.
Maeterlinck, Maurice, the future discussed by, 91, 93, 94, 96; theories of, 98, 101; insights of, 193, 207. Magi, the, 265, 346. Marconi, Guglielmo, genius of, 5, 116; system of, 125; ship detector of, 134; predictions of, fulfilled, 136. Marie Antoinette, 149. Mars, 127, 234. Massachusetts, diocese of, 54. ——, Bishop of, 54. Mayer, Julius Robert von, 338. Meeker, Arvilla Delight, nee Smith (Mrs. Nathan Cook Meeker), 249, 250, 252. ——, Nathan Cook, town of Greeley, Colo., founded by, 237; visions of, 238, 239; outlines plans, 240; birth of, 241; editorial work of, praised by Emerson, 242; municipal principles of, 243, 244, 245; appointed commissioner to Centennial Exposition, 246; "The Greeley Tribune" founded by, 246; Indian policy of, 246, 247; difficulties encountered by, 247; massacre of, 247; estimation of, 251, 252; work of, 253; noble ideals of, 254. ——, Josephine, 248, 249, 250, 252. Mesozoic age, 229. Michael Angelo, 228. Mont Pelee, 48, 50. Montana, 205. Morning Star, 204. Mount Etna, 78. —— of Transfiguration, 88. —— of Vision, 365. Moxom, Rev. Dr. Philip, 223. Muensterberg, Prof. Hugo, 55. Musee Cluny, the, 149, 150. Myers, Frederic, W. H. 140, 148.
Nature, 171. Naval Observatory, 127. Neptune, 84. New England, 213. New Jersey, 242. New Jerusalem, 226. New Testament, 148. New Year, the, 203, 204, 320. New York, 240. "New York Herald," 48, 151. "—— Mirror," 241. "—— Tribune," 238. Niagara, 153, 226, 231. Nile, 142
Observatory, the Minnesota University, 144. Ohio, 241. Orion, 317. Ostwald, Dr., 334.
Paderewski, Ignace, 340. Paradise, 63. "Paradiso," 226. Paris, 95, 149, 226, 275. Parkhurst, Rev. Dr., 325, 328. "Parsival," 265. Permian, 229. Phillips, Stephen, 145, 263. Pierce, Hon. Franklin, 241. Pike's Peak, 238, 239, 244. Pope, General, 249. Powell, Major John W., 231. Preece, Sir William, 127. Prentice, George D., 241. Presbyterian, 169. Promised Land, 204. Protestant, 274. Prudhomme, Sully, 8. Psychical Research, 141. Pueblo, 248. Pyramids, 142, 143.
Quackenbos, Dr. John D., 160, 161, 172.
Reichenbach, Anton Benedict, remarkable experiments of, 135. Roberts, Professor, electrical work of, 153. Robinson, Solon, 241. Rocky Mountains, the, 244. Roentgen ray, 41, 60, 73. Royal Gorge, 226. —— Institute, 81. —— Society, 12. —— University of Denmark, 151. Royce, Prof. Josiah, 32. Rumford, Count, experiments of, 338.
Saint John, 226. —— Paul, the two bodies described by, 32; counsel of, 64; spiritual things discerned by, 84, 143, 178; admonitions of, 310, 325, 326; Cathedral of, 163. —— Pierre, 48. —— Sulpice, 275. San Francisco, 234. Santa Fe road, 233. Secretary of War, the, 249. Shakespeare, 201. Sherman, Gen. W. T., 249. Shinumo Altar, 236. Silver State, the, 254. Sir Hugo, 222. Smyth, Rev. Dr. Newman, 66. Snowy Range, the, 238. Society of Arts, 124. Solomon's Temple, 227. South Platte River, 244. Southern Cross, 142. Spencer, Herbert, 204. Spirit, whisper of the, 305. State University Observatory, Minnesota, 144. Stowe, Mrs. Harriet, nee Beecher, 213.
Tennyson, Lord Alfred, 87. Tertiary, 229. Tesla, Nicola, 116; discovery of, 122; human energy discussed by, 188. Texas, 205. "The Gleam," 182. "The Inferno," 226. "The Country God Forgot," 234. "The Perfect Way," 255, 256. "The World Beautiful," 25. Thompson, Prof. J. J., 9. Thornburg, Major, 249. Titanic, 226. Trinity Church, 54. Twentieth Century, 198, 264.
Union Colony, 244, 247, 248, 253. Unitarian, 169. United States, 42. Universe, 109. Unseen, the, 173. Ursa Major, 317, 318. Utah, 228. Utes, the, 247.
Vatican, the, 256. Vedantic, 332. Vedder, Elihu, 177. "Vita Nuova," 185.
Walnut Canyon, 235. Warren, Rev. Dr. Walpole, 60. Washington, 127, 246. Washington Monument, 227. Watterson, Col. Henry, 241. Wells, H. G., theories of, on foretelling the future, 81, 83. West, the, 238. Western Reserve, the, 241. Westminster Abbey, 142. White Mountains, the, 48. White River, 238, 247, 251, 261. Whittier, John Greenleaf, 288, 320. Whyte, Rev. Dr. Alexander, 212. Wilberforce, Rev. Dr. Basil, Archdeacon of Westminster, 141, 142. Will of God, 282, 284.
Young, John Russell, 243.
* * * * *
Lilian Whiting's Works
THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL. First Series
THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL. Second Series
THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL. Third Series
AFTER HER DEATH. The Story of a Summer
THE SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE
KATE FIELD: A Record
FROM DREAMLAND SENT. Verses of the Life to Come
A STUDY OF ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING
THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL IN BOOKS
THE LIFE RADIANT
* * * * *
The World Beautiful
By LILIAN WHITING
I know of no volumes of sermons published in recent years which are so well fitted to uplift the reader, and inspire all that is finest and best in his nature, as are the series of essays entitled "The World Beautiful," by Lilian Whiting.—B. O. FLOWER, in The Coming Age.
The World Beautiful (First Series)
16mo. Cloth, $1.00. Decorated cloth, $1.25. Comprising: THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL; FRIENDSHIP; OUR SOCIAL SALVATION; LOTUS EATING; THAT WHICH IS TO COME.
The world beautiful about which she writes is no far-off event to which all things move, but the every-day scene around us filled by a spirit which elevates and transforms it.—PROF. LOUIS J. BLOCK, in The Philosophical Journal.
No one can read it without feeling himself the better and richer and happier for having done so.—The Independent.
The World Beautiful (Second Series)
16mo. Cloth, $1.00. Decorated cloth, $1.25. Comprising: THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL; OUR BEST SOCIETY; TO CLASP ETERNAL BEAUTY; VIBRATIONS; THE UNSEEN WORLD.
The style is at once graceful and lively. Every touch is fresh.—Zion's Herald.
The World Beautiful (Third Series)
16mo. Cloth, $1.00. Decorated cloth, $1.25. Comprising: THE WORLD BEAUTIFUL; THE ROSE OF DAWN; THE ENCIRCLING SPIRIT-WORLD; THE RING OF AMETHYST; PARADISA GLORIA.
The thoughtful reader who loves spiritual themes will find these pages inspiring.—Chicago Inter-Ocean.
* * * * *
After Her Death
The Story of a Summer
By LILIAN WHITING, author of "The World Beautiful," etc. 16mo. Cloth, $1.00. Decorated cloth, $1.25.
Comprising: WHAT LACKS THE SUMMER? FROM INMOST DREAMLAND; PAST THE MORNING STAR; IN TWO WORLDS; DISTANT GATES OF EDEN; UNTO MY HEART THOU LIVEST SO; ACROSS THE WORLD I SPEAK TO THEE; THE DEEPER MEANING OF THE HOUR.
My conviction is that every preacher, reformer, religious editor, and Christian worker should read the books by Lilian Whiting.—REV. W. H. ROGERS, in The Christian Standard.
"After Her Death" has given me the light and help I have so long craved; it has given me comfort and strength which no other book has ever done.—CORDELIA L. COMMORE.
* * * * *
From Dreamland Sent
Verses of the Life to Come
By LILIAN WHITING. New Edition, with additional verses, 16mo. Cloth, extra, $1.00. Decorated cloth, $1.25.
Lilian Whiting's verse is like a bit of sunlit landscape on a May morning.—Boston Herald.
Graceful, tender, and true, appealing to what is best in the human heart.—The Independent.
I never saw anything on earth before which looked so much as if just brought from heaven by angel hands as this new edition of "From Dreamland Sent." In the golden sunshine of an Italian morning I have heard the silver trumpets blow. This exquisite book reminds me of them.—SARAH HOLLAND ADAMS.
* * * * *
Kate Field: A Record
By LILIAN WHITING. Author of "The World Beautiful," "A Study of Elizabeth Barrett Browning," etc. With several portraits of Miss Field, including one by Elihu Vedder. 12mo. Cloth, extra. $2.00.
CHILDHOOD AND CIRCUMSTANCE. An Interesting Heredity; Family Letters; Mr. and Mrs. Field's Stage Life; Death of Joseph M. Field; The Mother and Daughter.
EARLY YOUTH. Aspirations and Studies; Interest in Art and Literature; Ardent Devotion to Music.
FLORENTINE DAYS. At Villa Bellosguardi; Enthusiasm for Italy; George Eliot and the Trollopes; Walter Savage Landor; At Casa Guidi with the Brownings.
LECTURING AND WRITING. Intense Energy of Purpose; John Brown's Grave; Ristori, Fechter, and the Drama; Planchette's Diary; Death of Eliza Riddle Field.
EUROPE REVISITED. Among London Celebrities; In Spain with Castelar; Music and Drama; Professor Bell and the Telephone; The Shakespeare Memorial.
A SIGNIFICANT DECADE. Return to America; Failures and Renewed Effort; The Mormon Problem; Alaska and the Golden Gate; Fame and Friends.
"KATE FIELD'S WASHINGTON." A Unique Enterprise; Miss Gilder's Friendship; Charming Life in the Capitol; The Columbian Exposition; France decorated Kate Field.
CROSSING THE BAR. A Journey of Destiny; Life and Studies in Hawaii; Noble and Generous Work; The Angel of Death.
IN RETROSPECT. Universal Appreciation and Love; The Strange Ordering of Circumstance; A Sculptured Cross in Mount Auburn; Death only an Event in Life.
* * * * *
The Spiritual Significance
or, Death as an Event in Life
By LILIAN WHITING. Author of "The World Beautiful," "Boston Days," etc. 16mo. Cloth, $1.00. Decorated cloth, gilt top, $1.25. Comprising: THE SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE; VISION AND ACHIEVEMENT; BETWEEN THE SEEN AND THE UNSEEN; PSYCHIC COMMUNICATION; THE GATES OF NEW LIFE.
It suggests and hints at the ultimate significance of scientific investigation with relation to the totality of thought in a very fresh and suggestive way.... The spirit of her book, like that of its predecessors, is admirable.—The Outlook.
A book from her pen means new flashes of insight, a revelation of spiritual truth almost Emersonian in kind.—Chicago Chronicle.
* * * * *
The World Beautiful
By LILIAN WHITING. 16mo. Cloth, $1.00 net. Decorated cloth, $1.25 net.
The careful and repeated reading of "The World Beautiful in Books" would be a liberal education.—Philadelphia Telegraph.
It is like a Greek urn filled with priceless relics. Hundreds of brains, ancient and modern, are daintily picked of their best thoughts, and there is scarcely a page that is not enriched with some rifled treasure. It is, in fact, concentrated food for select minds.—Chicago Post.
To read it is like being taken informally into a great assemblage of poets, romancers, and thinkers, while all are at their best, and being introduced to them by a near friend of all.—The Era, Philadelphia.
* * * * *
The City of Beautiful Ideals, Concord and Its Famous Authors, The Golden Age of Genius, Dawn of the Twentieth Century. By LILIAN WHITING. Author of "The World Beautiful," etc. With portraits and other illustrations. 12mo. Decorated cloth, $1.50 net.
All the famous names associated with Boston pass in review before the reader of this apotheosis of the intellectual life of Massachusetts.—The Boston Herald.
The book is full of fascination of the intrinsic sort, by virtue of the material of which it is made up, and Miss Whiting has fulfilled her task with special literary grace and discretion.—Albany Argus.
A volume to place on the same shelf with the "Yesterdays With Authors" of the late James T. Fields and the "Literary Friends and Acquaintances" of William D. Howells.—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
* * * * *
The Life Radiant
By LILIAN WHITING, 16mo. Cloth, $1.00 net. Decorated cloth, $1.25 net.
In this book Miss Whiting aims to portray a practical ideal for daily living that shall embody the sweetness and exaltation and faith that lend enchantment to life. It is, in a measure, a logical sequence of "The World Beautiful," leading into still diviner harmonies.
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Little, Brown, & Company, Publishers
254 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.