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The Iroquois Book of Rites
by Horatio Hale
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Yetsisewennitskagwanion, ye have placed it under you. Ennitskare, B., to be seated on anything.

Yondonghs, it is called; they call it. Katon, C., to say.

Yonkwakaronny, they are wasting, or injuring, us. Gagaronnion, B., to do harm to any one; to cause him some loss.

Yonkwanikonghtaghkwenne [yonkwennikondakwenne], we depended on them.

Yontkwatkennison, we are assembled. Atkennison, B., to be assembled.

Yotdakarahon [yotdarahon], things falling on one. Ga'r"con, B., to fall upon.

Yoyanere, it is good, it is well. From the root yaner, noble. See Kayancrenh.

Yuneghrakwah, solemn event. See Jiniyuneghrakwah.



INDEX.

(Names of authors are printed in small capitals; of races and tribes in italic.)

Adoption of conquered Enemies

Agnier, French for Canienga

Akahenyonk, Cayuga chief, Tekahenyonk in chant

Algonkin stock

Algonkins, a nomadic people, their war with the Alligewi, friendly to the Hurons, western (Ojibways), the Lenapes,

Allegheny mountains

Allegheny river

Alliances of Iroquois

Alligewi, or Moundbuilders

Andastes, or Conestogas, among the Iroquois

Aryans, their character, in Europe and Asia

Ataensic, a Huron divinity

Atotarho, Onondaga chief, meaning of name, his opposition to Hiawatha, joins the League, myths relating to, political kinship, legend of poisonous bird, story of Hiawatha's daughter, his name in the chant, his aids in council, succession of Atotarhos,

Attiwandaronks, or Neutrals, their country, their history, among the Hurons, their mortuary customs, cause of their overthrow,

Ball clan,

Basques, their language, their character

Bear clan

Bearfoot, Rev. Isaac

Beaver clan

Book of Rites, its contents, its origin, its name, addresses of condolence, Canienga text, translation, Onandaga book, translation, notes on Canienga book, notes on Onondaga book

Brant, Joseph

BREBEUF, on the Huron character

BRINTOS, D. G.

BRUYAS, his Iroquois dictionary

Buck, George, Onondaga chief

Buck, Chief John

Canandaigua, Lake

Canasatego, Onondaga chief, rebukes the Delawares

Canienga, meaning of

Caniengas, or Mokawks, their country, their language, the oldest Iroquois nation, war with Mohegans, their ancient chiefs

Caniengas, remove to Canada their clans their name in council their councillors their towns

Canoe voyages

Cartier, J.

CATLIN, G.

Cayuga, meaning not known

Cayuga Lake

Cayugas, their country their origin assailed by Atotarho join the League remove to Canada their clans a "younger nation" their name in council their councillors their towns

Champlain in the Huron country assails the Iroquois

Champlain, Lake

Ckerokees their language reject the League

Chicasas

Chief, office of installation of succession of war-chief

Chief matron, her function

Chippeways, See Ojibways,

Choctaws

Clans, Iroquois origin of number of See Ball, Bear, Beaver, Deer, Eel, Hawk, Heron, Snake, Snipe, Tortoise, Wolf,

CLARK, J. S.

CLARKE, P. D.

CLARKE, J. V. H.

Classes in Council

Colden, C.

Condoling council proceedings in

Condoling song explanation of text of versified

Conestogas, See Andastes,

Confederacy, See Iroquois and League,

Conquered tribes, treatment of

Convention of Founders

Council of League its formation number of members unanimity required classes in induction of members held at Onondaga in 1657 composing quarrels held in Philadelphia in 1742

Council Fire

Councillors number of how selected name of list of clans and classes of

COPWAY, G.

Credit River Indians

Cruelties of Indians of civilized nations

CUOQ, J. A. his philological works his Iroquois dictionary

Cusick, Albert

CUSICK, D.

DAWSON, J. W.

David of Schoharie

Deer clan

Dekanawidah, Canienga chief his origin joins Hiawatha has no successor his claims as founder

Delawares, or Lenapes their clans their subjection a band received into the League

DE SCHWEINITZ, E.

Doorkeepers (Senecas)

Eel clan

Elder nations

ELLIS, "Polynesian Researches"

Era of Iroquois confederacy

Erie, Lake

Eries, a Huron-Iroquois nation their origin their overthrow among the Iroquois

Euskarians, or Basques

Feast of the Dead

Female suffrage

Fidelity to allies

FIGUIER, L.

Five Nations, See Iroquois

Founders of League

Funeral usages

Genesee river

Georgian bay

Grand River Reserve

Great-Tree People (Oneidas)

Great-Pipe People (Cayugas)

Greenhalgh at Onondaga

Hawk clan

HAWLEY, C.

Hayonwatha, See Hiawatha

HECKEWELDER, J.

Heron clan

Hiawatha, his history meaning of name orthography of name his projected league his flight to the Caniengas reception by Dekanawidah made a Canienga chief myths relating to his reforms his motives his name in the chant his daughter his white canoe

Hill, Abram, Oneida chief

Historical chant

Historical traditions framers of the League Hiawatha's daughter

Hochelaga

Horns, as insignia origin of custom

Horse clan

Hudson, voyage of

Hudson river

Huron-Iroquois nations their original country war with the Alligewi their dispersion

Hurons, or Wyandots their history among the Iroquois their mortuary customs their deities their character their flight to the Ojibways cause of their overthrow their language

Hymn, national, See Condoling Song

Iberians

Indian character misconception of

Indian social system

Indians and whites

Installation of chiefs

Iroquois, their country when first known to whites [Footnote: The date as printed is an error. "Sixteenth century" should be "seventeenth."] their migrations conquer the Eries expel the Hurons conquer the Attiwandaronks their League formation of League date of the confederacy name of League League broken up

Iroquois, in Canada, their towns, See Towns, Iroquois, their clans, See Clans, Iroquois, their classes, See Classes in Council, their national hymn, See Condoling Song, their women, their chiefs, succession of, their chief divinity, their character, their love of peace, their foreign policy, object of their League, their alliances, causes of their wars, treatment of subject tribes, adoption of enemies, their language, See Language, Iroquois, meaning of "Iroquois,"

Jesuit missionaries,

Jesuit "Relations,"

Johnson, Chief George,

Johnson, Chief J. Smoke, his office, preserves the Book of Rites,

Johnson, Sir William,

Jones, Chief Philip,

Juskeha, Huron divinity,

Kanienke, See Canienga,

Kanonsionni, meaning of, spelt Kanonghsyonny,

Kanyadanyo, Seneca chief, Skanyadariyo in chant,

Karenna, See Condoling Song,

Kayanerenh, meaning of,

LAFITAU,

La Fort, Daniel,

Lamentations,

Language, Iroquois, its origin and dialects, description of, Brebeuf and Max Mtiller on, works on phonology, grammar, abstract nouns, verbal forms, permanence of, analysis and synthesis,

Laws of the League, as to succession of chiefs, as to intertribal homicide, as to mortuary usages, a "Great Reformation,"

LAWSON, J.,

League, See Iroquois and Laws,

Leagues common among Indians,

Le Mercier at Onondaga,

Le Moyne at Onondaga,

Lenapes, See Delawarts,

LONGFELLOW, H. V.,

Long-house,

Manabozho, Ojibway divinity,

Maqua, meaning of,

Matron, Chief, See Chief Matron,

MAX MUeLLER, F.,

Mengwe, See Mingo,

Migrations, Iroquois, Indian,

Mingo, meaning of,

Missionaries, English, Jesuit, See Jesuit Missionaries,

Mississagas, received by Iroquois,

Mississippi river,

Mohawk, meaning of,

Mohawk river,

Mohawks, See Caniengas,

Mohegans, or Mohicans, war with the Iroquois, protected by Iroquois,

Montreal,

Morgan, L.H.

Mortuary customs,

Moundbuilders, See Alligewi, acquainted with wampum,

Mourning Council, See Condoling Council,

Mourning customs, See Funeral usages,

Name-carriers (Onondagas),

Nanticokes, admitted into the League,

Neutral Nation, See Attewandaronks,

Nihatirontakowa, See Oneidas, name in council,

Notes on the Canienga Book,

Notes on the Onondaga Book,

Odatshehte, Oneida chief,

Ohio, meaning of,

Ohio River,

Ojibways, allies of Iroquois, war with, treaty with,

Oneida, meaning of, Oneidas, their country their origin war with Mohegans join the League their clans a "younger nation" their name in Council their Councillors their towns,

Onondaga, meaning of, Onondaga castle,

Onondogas, their country, their origin, ruled by Atotarho, join the League, a part remove to Canada, Reservation near Syracuse, N.Y. their Book of Rites, orthography of Book,

Onondagas, their language, their clans, et seq. an "elder nation," their name in Council their councillors site of their former capital their towns,

Oswego river,

Oyander, title of

PARKMAN, F.

Peace, preservation of; how restored love of

Pennsylvania Historical Society,

Personification,

Pictures, Indian,

Political kinship,

POWELL, J. W.

Pre-Aryans in Europe and America,

Preliminary ceremony, the, Proper names, obsolete,

Protection of weak tribes by Iroquois, Tuteloes, Delawares, Nanticokes, Mohegans, Mississagas,

PYRLAEUS, C.,

Quebec,

Rawenniyo, name of deity, meaning of,

Record-keepers,

Relations, See Jesuit Relations,

Religious sentiment,

RENAN, E.,

Roanoke River,

Ronaninhohonti, Door-keepers, See Senecas, name in council,

Rotisennakehte, name-carriers, See Onondagas, name in council,

Royaner, title of,

Sachem, an Algonkin word,

Sakayengwaraton, See Johnson, J. S.

Saponies, or Saponas

Scandawati, See Skanawati,

SCHOOLCRAFT, H. R.

Seneca, meaning of

Seneca, Lake

Senecas, their country their origin assailed by Atotarho their ancient chiefs join the League remain in New York their clans an "elder nation" their name in council their language their councillors their duty as door-keepers their towns

Sermon, a pagan

Shadekaronyes, Seneca chief

Six Nations, See Iroquois,

Six Nations' Reserve, See Grand River,

Skanawati, Onondaga chief Scandawati's suicide

Skeneateles Lake

SMITH, Mrs. E. A.

Smoking in council

Snake clan

Sonontowane, meaning of

Sonontowans, See Senecas,

Sotinonnawentona See Cayugas, name in council,

Spanish clan

Speaker of council

SQUIER, E. G.

Stadacone

STONE, W. L.

Talligewi, See Alligewi,

Taronhiawagon, Iroquois divinity

Ta-oun-ya-wat-ha

Tehadirihoken See Caniengas, name in council,

Tekarihoken, Canienga chief meaning of

Tionontates, or Tobacco Nation

Tobacco, Indian

Tobacco Nation, See Tionontates,

Tortoise clan divided

Towns, Iroquois list of, in Book of Rites deserted sites

Treaty of Iroquois with the Dutch

Treaty of Iroquois with the English

Treaty of Iroquois with the Ojibways

TROMBULL, J. H.

Turkey clan

Tuscaroras, their origin their migrations join the Iroquois their clans a "younger nation"

Tuteloes received by Iroquois

Wampum known to Moundbuilders mourning

Wampum-keepers

Wampum-records, reading of

Wampum-strings

War-chief

Wars of self-defence

Wars of extermination

WHITNEY, W. D.

WILKIE, J.

WILSON, D.

Wolf clan

Women, condition of as peacemakers regard for

Wyandots, See Hurons,

Yondennase, See Condoling Council,

Younger nations

Zeisberger

THE END

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