The Automobile Storage Battery - Its Care And Repair
by O. A. Witte
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Temperature. Cause of high, on car 324 Temperature corrections in specific gravity readings 65 Temperature. Effect of, on battery operation 66 Temperature. Effect of, on capacity 46 Temperature of batteries on charging bench 202 Terminal connections 25 Terminals. Burning-on 213 Terminals for rental batteries 248 Testing and examining incoming batteries 317 Testing and filling service 291 Testing the electrical system 276 Third brush generator. Adjusting 289 Threaded rubber separators 430 Time required for bench charge 203 Titan batteries 432 Titan batteries. Age code for 245 (Omitted) Treating separators 14 Trickle charge 239 Trimming plate grids 10 Trouble charts 321 Troubles arising during bench charge 204 Troubles. Battery 69 Trucks for batteries 173 Tungar rectifier. Battery connections of 127 Tungar rectifier. Four battery 119 Tungar rectifier. General instructions for 126 Tungar rectifier. Half-wave and full-wave 114 and 115 Tungar rectifier. Installation of 126 Tungar rectifier. Line connections of 127 Tungar rectifier. One battery 117 Tungar rectifier. Operation of 128 Tungar rectifier. Principle of 113 Tungar rectifier. Ten battery 120 Tungar rectifier. Troubles with 128 Tungar rectifier. Twenty battery 122 Tungar rectifier. Two ampere 116 Tungar rectifier. Two battery 118 Turntable for batteries 170


Universal radio batteries 263 Universal starting batteries 430 Universal starting batteries. Construction features of 430 Universal starting batteries. Putting new, into service 431 Universal starting batteries. Types 430 U. S. L. radio batteries. 261 U. S. L. starting batteries. Age code for 246 U. S. L. starting batteries. Special instructions for 382 U. S. L. starting batteries. Tables of 384 (Omitted) U. S. L. vent tube construction 20


Vent plugs should be left in place during charge 209 Vent tube construction 20 Vesta radio batteries 256 Vesta starting batteries 408 Vesta starting batteries. Age code for 246246 Vesta starting batteries. Isolators for 408 Vesta starting batteries. Post seal 413 Vesta starting batteries. Putting new, into service 227 Vesta starting batteries. Separators 413 and 415 Vesta starting batteries. Type D 409 Vesta starting batteries. Type DJ 412 Vibrating regulators. Adjusting 290 Vinegar-like odor. Cause of 205 Voltage. Causes of low 321 Voltage changes during charge 38 Voltage changes during discharge 32 Voltage, limiting value of, on discharge 34 Voltage of cell. Factors determining 34 Voltage of a fully charged cell 203 Voltage readings at end of bench charge 203 Voltage readings on open circuit worthless 177 Voltaic cell 4


Wash tank. Working drawings of 144 Water. Condenser for distilled 160 Westinghouse farm lighting batteries 498 Westinghouse radio batteries 259 Westinghouse starting batteries 417 Westinghouse starting batteries. Age code for 247247 Westinghouse starting batteries. Plates for 418 Westinghouse starting batteries. Post seal for 417 Westinghouse starting batteries. Putting new, into service 231 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type A 418 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type B 419 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type C 420 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type E 420 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type F 423 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type H 421 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type J 422 Westinghouse starting batteries. Type 0 422 Wet batteries. Putting new, into service 225 Wet storage 239 What's wrong with the battery 313 to 327 When it is unnecessary to open battery 325 When may battery be left on car 324 When must battery be opened 326 When should battery be removed from car 325 Willard farm-lighting batteries 502 Willard radio batteries 257 Willard starting batteries. Age code for 247 Willard starting batteries. Bone-dry 24 Willard starting batteries. Putting new, into service 229 Willard starting batteries with compound sealed post 424 Willard starting batteries with gasket post seal 428 Willard starting batteries with lead cover-inserts 424 Willard threaded-rubber separators 430 Working drawings of bins for stock 158 Working drawings of charging bench 134 to 139 Working drawings of flash-back tank 147 Working drawings of shelving and racks 153 to 157 Working drawings of shop layouts 189 to 196 Working drawings of steamer bench 161 Working drawings of wash tank 144 and 145 Working drawings of work bench 140 and 141


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(Table of) Contents



THE following pages show how Batteries are made at the Factory. The illustrations will be especially interesting to Battery Service Station Owners who have conceived the idea that they would like to manufacture their own batteries.

A completed battery is a simple looking piece of apparatus, yet the equipment needed to make it is elaborate and expensive, as the following illustrations will show. Quantity production is necessary in order to build a good battery at a moderate cost to the car owner, and quantity production means a large factory, elaborate and expensive equipment, and a large working force. Furthermore, before any batteries are put on the market, extensive research and experimentation is necessary to develop a battery which will prove a success in the field. This in itself requires considerable time and money. No manufacturer who has developed formulas and designs at a considerable expense will disclose them to others who desire to enter the manufacturing field as competitors, nor can anyone expect them to do so.

If the man who contemplates entering the battery manufacturing business can afford to develop his own formulas and designs, build a factory, and organize a working force, it is, of course, perfectly. proper for him to become a manufacturer; but unless he can do so, he should not attempt to make a battery.

The following illustrations, will of course, be of interest to the man who repairs batteries. A knowledge of the manufacturing processes will give him a better understanding of the batteries which he repairs. The less mystery there is about the battery, the more efficiently can the repairman do his work.

[Photo: Casting Exide Grids] [Photo: Pasting Exide Plates] [Photo: Casting Small Exide Battery Parts] [Photo: Forming Exide Positive Plates] [Photo: Burning Exide Plates Into Groups] [Photo: Cutting and grooving Exide wood separators] [Photo: Charging Exide batteries] [Photo: Mixing paste for Prest-O-Lite batteries] [Photo: Moulding Prest-O-Lite Grids] [Photo: Inspecting Prest-O-Lite grids for defects] [Photo: Prest-O-Lite pasting room] [Photo: Pasting Prest-O-Lite plates] [Photo: A corner of Prest-O-Lite forming room] [Photo: General view of Prest-O-Lite assembly room] [Photo: Power operated Prest-O-Lite peening press] [Photo: Inspecting Prest-O-Lite separators] [Photo: Inserting separators in Prest-O-Lite plate elements] [Photo: Final inspection of Prest-O-Lite batteries] [Photo: Prest-O-Lite experimental laboratory] [Photo: Laboratory tests of oxides for Vesta batteries] [Photo: Moulding Vesta grids] [Photo: Preparing Vesta plates for the forming room] [Photo: Burning Vesta plates into groups. Assembling groups with isolators.] [Photo: Vesta acid mixing room] [Photo: Checking and adjusting cell readings of Vesta batteries on development charge] [Photo: Final assembly inspection of Vesta batteries] [Photo: Trimming Westinghouse grids] [Photo: Pasting Westinghouse plates] [Photo: Burning Westinghouse plates into groups] [Photo: Packing Westinghouse batteries for shipment]


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