Teachers' Outlines for Studies in English - Based on the Requirements for Admission to College
by Gilbert Sykes Blakely
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5 Sir Roger and Moll White.

6 Athelstane.

7 Nancy Lammeter.

8 Gawain's Search for the Winner of the Tournament.

9 The Sleep-Walking Scene in Macbeth.

10 The Stealing of Silas Marner's Gold.


The questions should be answered in order:

I (a) How does Artemidorus figure in Julius Caesar?

(b) How does Antony characterize Lepidus?

(c) Describe in detail the scene between Brutus and Portia.

II (a) The earliest printed editions of Comus entitle the piece "A Mask presented at Ludlow Castle." Explain fully the circumstances of its presentation. What passages in the Mask itself refer to these circumstances?

(b) Describe in detail the method of your preparation for the examination on Milton's minor poems.

III (a) What successive steps in Burke's argument lead to the definite resolutions which he introduces?

(b) What are the chief arguments by which Burke supports these resolutions?

IV (a) What does Macaulay say of Addison's Cato?

(b) Of Addison's poem, The Campaign?

(c) What information does Macaulay give concerning "Johnson's Club"?

N. B.—For IV (a) and (b) may be substituted the following:

(1) What does Macaulay say of Milton's minor poems?

(2) Of Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained?



Answer all questions fully and in order:

I (a) Discuss the relation of Addison's literary fame to his political preferment.

(b) How did Johnson come to write The Lives of the Poets?

II (a) What was the occasion, and what the nature of Lycidas?

(b) Describe the part played by the Attendant Spirit, from first to last, in Comus.

III Trace the successive steps by which Brutus was won to the conspiracy.

IV How did Burke's plan of conciliation with the colonies differ from other plans?


(Spring, 1907)

NOTE.—"No candidate will be accepted in English whose work is notably defective in spelling, punctuation, idiom or division into paragraphs."—Extract from the University Catalogue.


1 Analyze the following sentence and parse the words italicized:

I grant there is one subject on which it is pleasant to talk on a journey; and that is, what one shall have for supper when we get to our inn at night.

2 Write a paragraph of about fifty words on each of the following subjects taken from the books of which a general knowledge is required:

a Goldsmith's Hardships in London.

b King Arthur's Last Battle.

c The Character of Macduff.

d The Contents of the Caskets.

e Sir Roger at the Theater.


1 How did Antony think the motive of Brutus in killing Caesar differed from that of the other conspirators.

2 What attitude toward slavery is revealed in Burke's speech?

3 Tell the story of Comus.

4 Tell where the following passage is found; in what measure it is written; scan it; and explain the italicized words:

Sometimes with secure delight, The upland hamlets will invite, When the merry bells ring round, And the jocund rebecks sound To many a youth and many a maid Dancing in the chequered shade; And young and old come forth to play On a sunshine holiday, Till the livelong daylight fail: Then to the spicy nut-brown ale, With stories told of many a feat, How faery Mab the junkets eat.

(Autumn, 1907)


1 Analyze the following sentence and parse the words italicized:

The river goes on and on, and down through marshes and sands, until at last it falls into the sea, where the ships are that bring parrots and tobacco from the Indies.

2 Write a paragraph of about fifty words on each of the following subjects taken from the books of which a general knowledge is required:

a The Death of Roderick Dhu.

b Lynette's Contempt of Gareth.

c The Witches' Part in Macbeth.

d The Characteristics of Saxon and Norman in Ivanhoe.

e Nancy Lammeter.


1 Write a character sketch of Dr. Johnson as you see him in Macaulay's essay.

2 Give your impression of Addison as a man of letters, judging by Macaulay's essay.

3 What part do Portia and Calpurnia play in Julius Caesar?

4 Tell where the following passage is found: in what measure it is written; scan it; and explain the italicized words:

But let my due feet never fail To walk the studious cloister's pale, And love the high embowered roof, With antique pillars massy proof, And storied windows richly dight, Casting a dim religious light. There let the pealing organ blow, To the full-voiced quire below, In service high and anthems clear, As may with sweetness, through mine ear, Dissolve me into ecstasies, And bring all Heaven before mine eyes.


(Spring, 1905)


The purpose of this examination is to test (1) the candidate's knowledge and appreciation of certain specified works, and (2) his ability to write correctly. As bearing on the latter point, he is advised to go over his paper carefully before the end of the time allowed, correcting any inaccuracies, not neglecting capitals and punctuation.

Write about two hundred words on each of three topics selected by yourself from the following list (of a pair of subjects enclosed in brackets, choose but one):

{ Jessica's Escape from her Father's House. { { Launcelot Gobbo.

Sir Roger at Church.

The Encounter of Fitz-James and Roderick Dhu.

{ Goldsmith's Life as a Student. { { The Circumstances of the Composition, the First { Performance, and the Publication of She Stoops { to Conquer.

{ Lynette's Behavior toward Sir Gareth. { { The History of "the nine-years-fought-for diamonds."

Carlyle's Defense of Burns's Personal Character.

(Only candidates taking final examinations may choose the last.)


1 (a) Explain the significance of the italicized words and phrases: "Memorize another Golgotha"; "To alter favor ever is to fear"; "Wicked dreams abuse The curtained sleep"; "But in them nature's copy's not eterne"; "His two chamberlains Will I with wine and wassail so convince."

(b) What important persons of the drama are absent from the banquet? Where is each at that time? How far do these circumstances influence any later events in the play?

(c) Give the substance of Malcolm's actions and utterances as far as they are presented on the stage.

2 (a) What is said respecting the parentage of Mirth and Melancholy in L'Allegro and Il Penseroso? Interpret the meaning of each of the various suggestions.

(b) What was that snaky-headed Gorgon shield That wise Minerva wore, unconquered virgin, Wherewith she freezed her foes to congealed stone, But rigid looks of chaste austerity, And noble grace that dashed brute violence With sudden adoration and blank awe?

Locate the above quotation as exactly as you can, and show its relation to the general subject of the poem. Explain fully the allusions in the first three lines.

3 (a) "First, then, I cannot admit that proposition of a ransom by auction, because it is a mere project.... Secondly, it is an experiment which must be fatal in the end to our Constitution.... Thirdly, it does not give satisfaction to the complaint of the Colonies." What was "that proposition"? Give the substance of Burke's objections under the above headings. What is the relation of this part of the speech to the whole? Was the "proposition" accepted?

(b) What connection with the main argument has Burke's discussion of slave-holding in the Colonies?

4 (a) Macaulay's remarks on Comus; (b) on Addison as a critic.



Write about two hundred words on each of three topics selected by yourself from the following lists (of a pair of subjects enclosed in brackets, choose but one):

{The Banquet Scene in Macbeth. { {The Character of Antonio.

The Jessamy Bride.


{The Contrast between Gareth and Geraint. { {Tennyson's Use of Natural Scenery in The Passing of Arthur.

A comparison of the Moral of The Ancient Mariner with that of The Vision of Sir Launfal.

The finding of Eppie.


I (a) Narrate the events in Julius Caesar that occur on the Ides of March, before the murder.

(b) In what book did Shakespeare find the material for Julius Caesar? How does his conception of the character of Caesar resemble or differ from that which you have formed in your study of Caesar's Gallic Wars or of Roman history?

II (a)

Sometime let gorgeous Tragedy In sceptred pall come sweeping by, Presenting Thebes, or Pelops' line, Or the tale of Troy divine, Or what (though rare) of later age 5 Ennobled hath the buskined stage.

(1) To what is Milton referring in line 3? (2) Comment on lines 5 and 6. (3) What is meant by "sceptred pall"? by "buskined stage"? (4) What similar pleasures were enjoyed by L'Allegro?

(b) Milton's remarks on the clergy in Lycidas.

III (a) Into what great divisions does Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America fall? What digression from the main subject is made, and for what reasons?

(b) What plan had been proposed by the "Noble Lord in the Blue Ribbon"? On what grounds did Burke criticize it?

IV Macaulay's remarks on the nature and influence of Addison's Spectator.



Write about two hundred words on each of three topics selected by yourself from the following list (of a pair of subjects enclosed in brackets, choose but one):

The Conversation between Lorenzo and Jessica in Act V of The Merchant of Venice.

The Effect of the Murder upon the Character of Lady Macbeth.

Sir Roger and the Widow.

The Publication of The Vicar of Wakefield.

The Personal Appearance of Silas Marner.

{ Bedivere. { Gareth's Combat with "The Noonday Sun."


I Describe (a) the interview between Brutus and Portia, and (b) Brutus's treatment of Lucius in his tent near Sardis. How does each of these scenes affect our estimate of the character of Brutus? What is the last we hear of Portia?

II What opportunity is provided in Comus for the introduction of instrumental music? dancing? display of scenery? Describe the concluding scene (beginning with the appearance of Sabrina) as you imagine it to have been performed at Ludlow Castle in 1634.

III (a) What, according to Burke, are the three possible ways of dealing with the American spirit of liberty? State his reasons for rejecting the first two.

(b) What does Burke think should be the attitude of one nation toward another in such a crisis as the one under discussion?

(c) Cite any reasons that appeal to you as helping to explain the fame of Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America.

IV (a) Write an account of Johnson's early years in London.

(b) Macaulay says of Johnson: "No human being who has been more than seventy years in the grave is so well known to us." Discuss the grounds for this statement.



A—Reading and Practice

Answer two of the following questions:

1 What qualities do Lady Macbeth and Portia of Belmont have in common, and at what point do their characters diverge?

2 Which of the three required Idylls of the King, viz. Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur, seems to you more beautiful, and why?

3 Compare the life of Goldsmith with that of Dr. Johnson. Which life seems to you the more successful?

B—Study and Practice

Answer two of questions 1, 2, 3, question 4, and either question 5 or 6:

1 What makes the play of Julius Caesar great?

2 Compare the nature pictures in L'Allegro with those in Il Penseroso, using, if you prefer, Milton's own language.

3 What were Burke's strong points as an orator?

4 Write a well-constructed paragraph of about two hundred words on the character of Samuel Johnson as presented by Macaulay. Give your reasons for the arrangement of the ideas in your paragraph. Show how the principles of unity and coherence are illustrated by the arrangement of the ideas or material of your paragraph.

5 (a) Give two examples of each of the following kinds of sentences: simple, complex, compound.

(b) Punctuate the following passage:

"And night came down over the solemn waste And the two gazing hosts and that sole pair And darkened all and a cold fog with night Crept from the Oxus soon a hum arose As of a great assembly loosed and fires Began to twinkle through the fog for now Both armies moved to camp and took their meal The Persians took it on the open sands Southward the Tartars by the river merge And Rustum and his son were left alone."

6 (a) Give explicit reasons for the correctness or the incorrectness of the following sentences:

(1) He, in a moment of excitement and affection, did this act of beneficence and of which he was very proud.

(2) We know that Oliver Goldsmith was himself not unlike the Vicar of Wakefield, which may partly account for the charm of the book.

(3) I neither regarded myself as rich nor poor.

(4) The book will not fail of a permanent place in literature, because it is badly written.

(b) Give examples of the correct use of the following words: affect, complement, mad, nice, fellow.



Allow one hour for each division of the examination.

Consider what you will say, and in what order you will say it, before you begin to write at all.

Revise your work, and, if time permits, make a clean copy of it after revision.

No candidate will be accepted in English whose work is notably defective in spelling, punctuation, idiom, or division into paragraphs.

I—Reading and Practice

One especial purpose of this division of the examination is to test the ability of the candidate to express his thoughts in clear, connected sentences, properly combined in at least three paragraphs. Single, detached sentences will not meet the requirements.

Select three of the following topics for discussion. Be accurate and avoid generalities.

1 Give an account of Sir Roger at the play.

2 Describe Arthur's last battle and the last scene in The Passing of Arthur.

3 (a) Under what circumstances and by whom are the following lines uttered?

The man that hath no music in himself, Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils.

(b) Outline the action from this point to the end of the play.

4 Goldsmith's life on the Continent after he left Dublin.

5 Describe the place, the cause, and the results of the combat in The Lady of the Lake.

6 Give an account of the part of Gawain in Lancelot and Elaine.

7 Describe the attack on the castle of Front-de-Boeuf.

8 (a) Explain the following lines in every detail:

I hear it by the way; but I will send: There's not a one of them, but in his house I keep a servant fee'd. I will to-morrow (And betimes I will) unto the weird sisters.

(b) What results from this resolution?

II—Study and Practice

Discuss fully each topic in order as far as you go, even though you may not finish the paper.

1 Outline the part played by Casca, and quote any of his notable sayings.

2 Show in some detail what difficulties Burke finds in the attempt to change the spirit of the Colonists.

3 Who utters the following lines; to whom, where, and why?

Come lady, while Heaven lends us grace, Let us fly this cursed place, Lest the sorcerer us entice, With some other new device.

4 Give an account of Johnson's friendship with the Thrales.

5 Macaulay's defence of Milton's political career.


General Editor, HENRY VAN DYKE, Princeton University

Addison's Sir Roger de Coverley Papers (Winchester) $0.40 Burke's Speech on Conciliation (MacDonald) .35 Byron, Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats and Browning—Selections (Copeland & Rideout) .40 Carlyle's Essay on Burns (Mims) .35 Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner (Woodberry) .30 Emerson's Essays—Selections (Van Dyke) .35 Franklin's Autobiography (Smyth) .40 Gaskell's Cranford (Rhodes) .40 George Eliot's Silas Marner (Cross) .40 Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, and The Deserted Village (Tufts) .45 Irving's Sketch Book—Selections (Sampson) .45 Lamb's Essays of Elia (Genung) .40 Lincoln, Selections from (Draper) .35 Macaulay's Essay on Addison (McClumpha) .35 Essay on Milton (Gulick) .35 Life of Johnson (Clark) .35 Addison and Johnson. One Volume. (McClumpha-Clark) .45 Milton's Minor Poems (Jordan) .35 Scott's Ivanhoe (Stoddard) .50 Lady of the Lake (Alden) .40 Shakespeare's As You Like It (Demmon) .35 Julius Caesar (Mabie) .35 Macbeth (Parrott) .40 Merchant of Venice (Schelling) .35 Stevenson's Inland Voyage, and Travels with a Donkey (Blakely) .40 Tennyson's Idylls of the King—Selections (Van Dyke) .35 Princess (Bates) .40 Washington's Farewell Address, and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration (Pine) .30



By STRATTON D. BROOKS, Superintendent of Schools, Boston, Mass., and MARIETTA HUBBARD, formerly English Department, High School, La Salle, Ill. Price, $1.00

* * * * *

The fundamental aim of this volume is to enable pupils to express their thoughts freely, clearly, and forcibly. At the same time it is designed to cultivate literary appreciation, and to develop some knowledge of rhetorical theory. The work follows closely the requirements of the College Entrance Examination Board, and of the New York State Education Department.

In Part One are given the elements of description, narration, exposition, and argument; also special chapters on letter-writing and poetry. A more complete and comprehensive treatment of the four forms of discourse already discussed is furnished in Part Two. In each part is presented a series of themes covering these subjects, the purpose being to give the pupil inspiration, and that confidence in himself which comes from the frequent repetition of an act. A single new principle is introduced into each theme, and this is developed in the text, and illustrated by carefully selected examples.

The pupils are taught how to correct their own errors, and also how to get the main thought in preparing their lessons. Careful coordination with the study of literature and with other school studies is made throughout the book.

The modern character of the illustrative extracts can not fail to interest every boy and girl. Concise summaries are given following the treatment of the various forms of discourse, and toward the end of the book there is a very comprehensive and compact summary of grammatical principles. More than usual attention is devoted to the treatment of argument.


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