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Selections from early Middle English, 1130-1250 - Part I: Texts
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AMEN.



XVII. SAINT KATHERINE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

"As for Sawles Warde. The text of this extract is from the Royal MS."]]

[Headnote: Clara per Progenitores]

[f. 11r] +Constantin. ant Maxence weren on ane time as in keiseres stude hehest i rome. ah constantin ferde urh e burhme{n}ne read in{}to fronc{}londe. ant wunede summe hwiles er for e burhes neode. ant Maxence storede e refschipe in rome. weox umbehwiles wree him bitweonen. ant comen to e fehte.{5} es maxence wes ouercumen. ant fleh into alixaundre. Constantin walde efter. ant warpen him eonne. ah so wide him weox weorre on euch halue. ant nomeliche in an lond y{li}rie hatte. [/] ter he etstutte. a Maxence iherde is{;} [/] he wes of him siker. ant of his cume karles. war king of at lond [/] lei into rome. as duden meast{10} alle e oere of e world. bigon anan as wedwulf to weorrin hali chirche. ant dreie{n} cristene men e lut [/] ter weren alle to heenedom heene as he wes.

[Linenote: 8. After an, e erased: ẏrie MS.]

Summe urh muchele [gh]eoue ant misliche meden. Summe {urh} farlac of his fule reates. Oleast wi stronge tintreo ant licomliche pinen. e fif [&] rittue [gh]er of his{15} rixlunge he set okine{}seotle i e moder{}burh [f.11v] of alixaundres riche. he sende heste. [&] bode so wide so [/] lond wes. [/] poure ba [&] riche comen biuoren hi{m} to e temple ie tun of his heene godes. euchan wi his lac{;} forto wurgin ham wi. comen alle to his bode. [&] euchan bi 'his euene biuoren Maxence seolf to wurgen his{20} mawmez. e riche roeren [&] schep [&] bule hwa so mahte brohte to lake. e poure cwike briddes in is ilke burh wes wuniende a meide{n} swie [gh]ung of [gh]eres twa wone of twenti. feie'r [&] freolich o wlite [&] o wastu{m}. ah [gh]et [/] wes mare wur steeluest wi{}innen of treowe bileaue. anes kinges cost hehte anlepi dohter icuret clergesse. kat{er}ine{25} inempnet.

[Linenote: 24.wastun MS.]

is meiden wes boen federles [&] moderles of hire child-hade, ah ah ha [gh]ung were{;} ha heold hire aldrene hird wisliche [&] warliche ie eritage. [&] ie herd [/] com of hire burde. nawt for {}i hire uhte god to habben monie under hire [&] beon icleopet lefdi [/] feole telle wel to. ah ba ha wes offearet of scheome [&] of sunne.{30} [/] eo weren to{}dreuet oer mis{}ferden [/] hire for-federes hefden ifostred. For hire seolf ne kepte heo nawt of e world. {us} lo for hare sake ane dale [f.12r] heo et{}heold [of hire eldrene god] [&] spende al [/] oer in neodful [&] i{n} nakede.

[Linenotes: 28.[/]i MS. 33.of ... god from C.]

+eos milde meoke meiden es lufsum lefdi mid lasteles lates ne{35} luuede heo nane lihte plohen ne nane luue ronnes. nalde heo nane songes. ne nane luue{}runes leornin ne lustnin ah eauer ha hefde on hali{}writ ehnen oer horte. oftest ba to gederes. hire feder hefde iset hire earliche to leaf [&] to lare. [&] heo underueng hit {urh} en hali{}gast so wel [/] nan nes hire euening{e}. Modie meistres [&]{40} feole fondeden hire ofte. oswie feole halue forto under{}neomen hire. ah nes er nan [/] mahte neuer enes wrenchen hire mid al his crefti crokes ut of e weie. ah swa sone heo [gh]eld ham swucche [gh]ein cleppes. [&] wende hare wiheles uppon ha{m} seoluen [/] al ha i{}cneowen ham crauant [&] ouercumen. [&] cween hire e meistrie [&] te menske al up.{45}

[Linenote: 35. After lates, f erased.]

+us hwil ha wiste hire [&] ohte aa to witen hire meiden i{}meihad. as ha set in a bur of hire burde boldes heo iherde a swuch murhe towart e awariede mawmetes temple lowing{e} of [/] ahte. luding{e} of e men. gleowunge [f.12v] of euch gleo to herien [&] hersumin hare heene godes. as ha is iherde [&] nuste [gh]et hwet hit wes. ha sende swie for{50} to witen hwet wunder hit were. sone so hire sonde com a[gh]ein [&] seide hire [/] soe{;} heo swa itend of wree wes [/] wod ha wuren walde. het up of hire hird hwuch as heo walde ant wende hire ideward. ifont er swie feole [gh]einde [&] [gh]urinde. [&] eotinde unuldeliche wi rewfule remes [/] cristene weren. [&] leafful in godes laẏ.

[Linenote: 53. After of hire, ḥạ ẉ MS.]

ah for dred{55} of dea duden es deouel[e]s lac as e heene duden. hwa wes wurse en hire heorte iwundet in{}wi for e wrecches [/] heo iseh wrae werkes wurchen a[gh]eines godes wille. ohte ah as heo wes uldi [&] olemod so [gh]ung ing as heo wes. hwet hit mahte [gh]einen ah heo hire ane were a[gh]ein so kene keisere [&] his kineriche.{60} stod stille ane hwile [&] hef hire heorte up to e hehe healent e iheret is in heouene. bisohte him help. [&] hap. [&] wisdom. as wisliche as al e world is iwald {urh} his wissunge. refter wepnede hire mid soe bileaue. [&] wrat on hire breoste ant biuoren hire tee [&] tunge of hire mu e hali [f.13r] rode taken. [&] com lepinde{65} for al itend of lei of en hali gast. as e keiser stod bimong e su{n}ful slaht of [/] islein ahte deoulen to lake [/] euch wariet weouet of e mix mawmez ron of [/] balefule blod al{}bi{}blodeget. [&] bigon to [gh]eien ludere stefne.

[Linenote: 56. es es MS.]

+Gretinge keiser walde. e bi{}cumen for in hehnesse [gh]ef u is{70} il{k}e [gh]eld [/] tu dest to deouelen [/] for{}de e bae ilicom [&] i sawle{;} [&] alle [/] hit driue. [gh]ef u hit [gh]ulde [&] [gh]eue to his wurmunt e scheop e ant al e world. [&] al walt {urh} his wisdom. [&] al [/] ischapen is. ich walde keiser igreten e. [gh]ef u understode [/] he him ane is to herien {urh} hwam [&] under hwam{75} alle kinges rixle. ne ne mei na ing wi{}stonden his i{}wil. ah he muche olie. es heouenliche lauerd luue treowe bileaue. [&] nower blod ne ban of unforgult ahte. ah [/] me halde [&] heie his halewunde heastes. Ne nis na ing hwar {urh} monnes muchele medschipe wree him wi mare en e schaft of mon{;} [/] he scheop. [&] [gh]ef{80} schad ba of god [&] of uuel {urh} wit [&] {urh} wisdom schal wuren for. ut of his witte {urh} e awariede gast [/] he [gh]elt e wur [f.13v] munt to unwitlese ing [/] te feont wune in. [/] he ahte to godd [&] here [&] hersume seheliche schaftes [&] blodles [&] banles. [&] leomen buten liue. as he schulde his [&] heoren. [&] alre inge schuppent [/] is{85} godd unsehelich.

[Linenote: 71. ille MS.]

[Headnote: Claruit per Sacros Mores]

+e feont e fint al uuel bimong alle his crokinde creftes. wi neauer an ne kecche he creftluker cang men ne leade to unbileaue. en [/] he make men. [/] ahten to witen wel. [/] ha beo bi{}[gh]etene. i{}borene [&] broht for {urh} e heoueneliche feder{;} to makien{90} swucche mawmez of treo. oer of stan. oer {urh} mare medschipe. of gold oer of seoluer{;} [&] [gh]eouen ham misliche nome. of sunne oer of mone. of wind of wude. of wettres. [&] hersumi. [&] wurgi as ah ha godes weren. ne naue he urh oer ing i is bileaue ibroht ow bute [/] ow unche [/] ha schulden leasten aa. fori [/] [gh]e ne schulen{95} ham neu{er} biginnen. ah er nis buten an godd {urh} hwam witerliche alle weren i{}wrahte. [&] of nawt i is woorld iset us forto frourin. ant to fremien. [&] al{}swa as euch ing hefde biginnunge of his godlec{;} al{}swa schulden alle habben endunge [gh]ef ha [/] [f.14r] walden. engles [&] sawlen urh [/] ha bigunnen ahten [&] mahten endin urh cunde.{100} ah he urh his milce. [&] godlec of his grace make ham [/] ha beo in eche buten ende. [&] ter uore nis na ing euening. ne eche wi godd [/] [gh]e gremie. for he is hare alre schuppent. [&] scheop as in su{m} time. [&] na time nes neauer [/] he ne bigon te beon in.



XVIII. THE ORISON OF OUR LADY

[[MS description from Notes volume:

"Cotton Nero A 14, British Museum. See [IX, Ancrene Wisse]."]]

[Headnote: Benedicta Tu in Mulieribus]

On god ureisun of ure lefdi. [f. 120v

+Cristes milde moder seynte marie. Mines liues leome mi leoue lefdi. to e ich buwe [&] mine kneon ich beie. and al min heorte blod to e ich offrie. u ert mire soule liht. [&] mine heorte blisse. 5 Mi lif [&] mi tohope min heale mid iwisse. Jch ouh wurie e mid alle mine mihte and singge e lofsong bi daie [&] bi nihte. vor u me hauest iholpen aueole kunne wise. and ibrouht of helle in{}to paradise. 10 Jch hit onkie e mi leoue lefdi. and onkie wulle e hwule et ich liuie. alle cristene men owen don e wur'schipe. and singen e lofsong mid swue muchele gledschipe. vor u ham hauest alesed of deoflene honde. 15 and i{}send mid blisse to englene londe.

[Linenote: 16. isend] d corr. out of t.]

wel owe we e luuien mi swete lefdi. [f. 121r wel owen we uor ine luue ure heorte beien. u ert briht [&] blisful ouer alle wu{m}men. and god u ert [&] gode leof ouer alle wepmen. 20 alle meidene were wure e one. vor u ert hore blostme biuoren godes trone. nis no wu{m}mon iboren et e beo iliche. ne non er nis in eming wi{}i{n}ne heoueriche. heih is i kinestol onuppe cherubine. 25 biuoren ine leoue sune wid{}i{n}nen seraphine. Murie dreame engles biuoren in onsene. pleie [&] sw'eie [&] singe. bitweonen. Swue wel ham like biuoren e to beonne. vor heo neu{er} ne beo sead i ueir to iseonne. 30 ine blisse ne mei no wiht understonden. vor al is godes riche an{}under ine honden. alle ine ureondes u makest riche kinges. u ham [gh]iuest kinescrud beies [&] gold ringes. u [gh]iuest eche reste ful of swete blisse. 35 er e neure dea ne com{;} ne herm ne sorinesse. er blowe i{n}ne blisse blostmen. hwite [&] reade. er ham neu{er} ne mei. snou. ne uorst iureden, er ne mei non ualuwen. uor er is eche sumer. ne non liuiinde ing woc er nis ne [gh]eomer 40 er heo schulen resten e her e do wurschipe. [gh]if heo [gh]eme hore lif cleane urom alle queadschipe. er ne schulen heo neu{er} karien ne swi'nken. ne weopen ne murnen ne helle stenches stinken. er me schal ham steoren mid guldene chelle. 45 and schenchen ham eche lif mid englene wille. [f. 121v ne mei non heorte enchen ne no wiht arechen. ne no mu imelen ne no tunge te{ch}en hu muchel god u [gh]eirkest wi{}inne paradise.

[Linenote: 48. techen] tegen MS.]

ham et swinke dei [&] niht iine seruise 50 al in hird is i{}schrud mid hwite ciclatune. and alle heo beo ikruned mid guldene krune. heo beo so read so rose so hwit so e lilie. and eu{er} more heo beo gled [&] singe uruhut murie. Mid brihte [gh]imstones hore krune is al biset. 55 and al heo do et ham like. so et no ing ha{m} ne let. i leoue sune is hore king [&] u ert hore kwene. ne beo heo neu{er} i{}dreaued mid winde ne mid reine. Mid ham is eu{er} more dei wi{}ute nihte. Song wi{}ute seoruwe [&] sib wi{}ute uihte. 60 Mid ham is muruhe moniuold wi{}ute teone [&] treie. Gleobeames [&] gome inouh liues wil [&] eche pleie. ereuore leoue lefdi long hit unche us wrecchen vort u of isse erme liue to e suluen us fecche. we ne muwen neuer habben fulle gledschipe. 65 er we to e suluen kumen to ine heie wurschipe. Swete Godes moder softe meiden [&] wel icoren. in iliche neu{er} nes ne neu{er}more ne wur iboren. Moder u ert [&] meiden cleane of alle laste. uruhtut hei [&] holi in englene reste. 70 al englene were [&] alle holie ing Sigge [&] singe et tu ert liues welsprung and heo sigge alle et e ne wonte neu{er} ore.

[Linenotes: 73. ene MS.]

ne no mon, et e wure ne mei neu{er} beon uorloren. u ert mire soule [leoue] wi{}ute leasunge. [f. 122r efter ine leoue sune{;} leouest alre inge. 76 al is e heouene ful of ine blisse. and so is al es middeleard of ine mildheortnesse. So muchel is i milce [&] in e{d}modnesse.

[Linenotes: 79. eomodnesse MS.]

et no mon et e [gh]eorne bit of helpe ne mei missen. 80 ilch mon, et to e bisih u [gh]iuest milce [&] ore. auh he e habbe swue agult [&] i{}dreaued sore. ereuore ich e bidde holi heouene kwene. et tu [gh]if i wille is iher{e} mine bene.

[Linenotes: 84.iher MS.]

ich e bidde lefdi uor ere gretunge. 85 et Gabriel e brouhte urom ure heouen kinge. and ek ich e biseche uor ih{es}u cristes blode et for ure note was i{}sched oere rode. vor e muchele seoruwe et was oine mode. o u et e deae him bi{}uore stode 90 et tu me makie cleane wiuten [&] eke wi{}i{n}nen. So et me ne schende none kunnes sunne. ene loe deouel [&] alle kunnes dweoluhe. aulem urom me ueor awei mid hore fule fule. Mi leoue lif urom ine luue ne schal me no ing to{}dealen 95 vor oe is al ilong mi lif [&] eke min heale. vor ine luue i swinke [&] sike wel ilome vor ine luue ich ham ibrouht i{n} to eoudome, vor ine luue ich uorsoc al et me leof was. and [gh]ef e al mi suluen. looue lif iench u es. 100 et ich e wreede sume sie hit me reowe sore. vor cristes fif wunden u [gh]if me milce [&] ore. [gh]if u milce nauest of me et ich wot wel [gh]eorne et ine helle pine swelten ich schal [&] beornen. [f. 122v ful wel u me iseie auh u stille were. 105 hwar ich was [&] hwat i dude auh u me uorbere. [gh]if u heuedest wreche inumen of mine luernesse. iwis ich heuede al uorloren paradises blisse. u hauest [gh]et forboren me uor ine godnesse. and nu ich hopie habben fulle uor[gh]iuenesse. 110 ne wene ich neure uallen in{}to helle pine. hwon ich am to e ikumen [&] am in owune hine in ich am [&] wule beon nu [&] eu{er} more. vor oe is al mi lif ilong [&] o godes ore. Mi leoue swete lefdi to e me longe swue. 115 bute ich habbe ine help ne beo ich neu{er} blie. ich e bidde et tu kume to mine uor{}sie. and nomeliche eonne ine luue kue. auouh mine soule hwon ich of isse liue uare and i{}schild me urom seoruwe [&] from eche deaes kare. 120 [gh]if u wult et ich ieo gode [gh]eme nim to me. vor wel ne wur me neu{er} bute hit beo uruh e. Mid swue luere lasten mi soule is uruh{}bunden. ne mei no ing so wel so u healen mine wunden. to e one is al mi trust efter ine leoue sune 125 vor is holie nome of mine liue [gh]if me lu{n}e. ne ole u ene unwine et he me arine ne et he me dra'we in to helle pine. nim nu [gh]eme to me so me best a beo e beo. vor in is e wurchipe [gh]if ich wre{c}che wel ieo. 130

[Linenotes: 126. lune] luue MS. 127. arine on an erasure. 128.drawe] w over MS. 130.wreeche MS.]

u ne uorsakest nenne mon uor his luernesse. [gh]if he 'is to bote [gh]eruh [&] bit e uor[gh]iuenesse. u miht lihtliche [gh]if u wult al mi sor aleggen. [f. 123r and muchele bet biseon to me en ich kunne siggen. u miht for[gh]elden lihtliche mine gretunge. 135 al mi swinc [&] mi sor [&] mine kneouwunge. Jne me nis noing feier on to biseonne. Ne no ing [/] beo wure biuoren e to beonne.

[Linenote: 138. ing[/] MS.]

ereuore ich e bidde [/] u me wassc'he [&] schrude uruh ine muchele milce [/] spert so swue wide 140 Nis hit e no wurscipe [/] e deouel me to{}drawe. [gh]if u wult hit iauien iwis he wule urchut fawe. vor he nolde neu{er}re [/] u hefedest wurschipe. Ne no mon [/] e wure [/] he hedde gledschipe. u hit wost ful [gh]eorne [/] e deouel hate me. 145 and nomeliche ereuore [/] ich wurie e. ereuore ich e bidde [/] u me wite [&] werie. et e deouel me ne drecche ne dweole me ne derie. So u dest [&] so u schalt uor ire mild{}heortnesse. u schalt me aueir dol of heoueriche blisse. 150 [gh]if ich habbe muchel ibroken, muchel ich wulle beten. and do mine schrifte [&] e ueire greten. e hwule [/] ich habbe mi lif [&] mine heale. vrom ire seruise ne schal me no ing deale. biuoren ine uote ich wulle liggen [&] greden. 155 vort ich habbe uor[gh]iuenesse of mine misdeden. Mi lif is in mi luue is in mine heorte blod is in. and [gh]if ich der se'ggen mi leoue leafdi u ert min. alle wurschipe haue u on heouene and ec on eore. and alle gledschipe haue u al so u ert wure. 160 Nu ich e bi{}seche ine cristes cherite. [f. 123v et u ine blescinge [&] ine luue [gh]iue me. [gh]eme mine licame ine clenenesse Godalmihti unne me vor his mild{}heortnesse.

[Linenotes: Between ll.163, 4, a line omitted: it was supplied at the top of the folio, but cut away by the binder. Zupitza read the traces of the last two words as ine eadmodnesse.]

[/] ich mote e iseo in ire heie blisse. 165 and alle mine ureondmen e bet beo nu to dai. [/] ich habbe i{}sungen e esne englissce lai. and nu ich e bi{}seche vor ire holinesse. et u bringe ene Munuch to ire glednesse. et funde esne song bi e mi looue leafdi. 170 Cristes milde moder seinte marie. amen.

[Linenotes: 169.Munuch] nu on an erasure MS. 170.bie MS.]



XIX. SAINT JULIANA

[[MS description from Notes volume:

"i. Bodleian 34, Oxford (B). ii. Royal 17 A 27, British Museum (R): for descriptions see [XVI, Sawles Warde]. ... R is abbreviated ... the joints are often visible."]]

(Royal MS.)

(Bodleian MS.)

[f. 56r] Her cumse e uie of seinte iuliane. ant telle of liflade hire.

+In ure lauerdes luue e is feader of frumschaft. ant on his deorewure sunes nome. ant o es hali{}gastes. [/] glide of ham baen. alle lewede men. [/] understonden ne mahen latines ledene.{5} liin. [&] lustnin ane meidenes liflade. [/] is of latin iturnd into englisch. [/] te lif{}hali lefdi. in heouene luuie us e mare. ant of is lihinde lif: leade us wi hire ern [f.56v] dunge. e is icoren of crist in{}to e eche of heouene.

[f. 36v] I e feaderes [&] i e sunes [&] i e hali gastes Name. Her Biginne e liflade. ant te passiun of seinte Juliene.

+In ure lau{er}des luue e feader is of frumscheft. ant ie deore wurmunt of his deorewure sune. [&] ie heiunge of e hali gast. e of ham ba glide. an godd unagin euch godes ful. Alle leawede{5} men. e understonden ne muhen latines ledene. lide [&] luste e liflade of a meide{n}. [f.37r] [/] is of latin iturnd{;} to englische leode. wi on at teos hali leafdi. in heouene luuie us e mare. [&] urh is lihnide lif{;} leade us to [/] eche. urh hire eadi erndunge. [/] c{ri}st is swie icweme.{10}

[Linenote: 5. ba[.]ẹ MS.]

+eos meiden. ant tis martir. wes iuliane ine{m}pnet. in nichomedes{10} burh. [&] of heene cun icume{n}. ant hire fleschliche feder wes affrican ihaten. of e heene mest eo [/] cristene weren{;} derfliche droh ham to deae. ah heo as eo [/] te heouenlich feder luuede. leafde al hire aldrene lahen. [&] bigon to luuien ene liuiende lauerd e lufsum godd. [/] wisse ant welde al [/] is on worlde{;} [&] al [/] iwraht is.

+eos meiden [&] teos martyr [/] ich of munne{;} wes Juliene inempnet. i Nichomedese burh. Al of heaene cun icumen [&] akennet. [&] hire fleshliche feader affrican hehte. e heande [&] heascede mest men e weren cristene. [&] droh ha{m} urh derue pinen to deae. Ah heo as eo [/] te hehe heouenliche lau{er}d hefde his luue ile{n}et. leafde{15} hire ealdrene lahen [&] bigon to luuien en liuiende go e lufsume lau{er}d. [/] schupte alle sche'aftes [&] wealde [&] wisse efter et his wil is. al [/] ischeapen iS.

[Linenotes: 12. Alḷ MS. 15. ileuet MS.]

a wes{15} bion time as redegunge telle. Maximian e modi keiser ine Rome heinde ant heriende heene mawmez. wi unme muchel hird [&] unduhti duhee. [&] for{}demde alle eo{;} e on drihtin bilefden. es Maximian luuede an heh mon of cunne ant eke riche of rente elewsius wes ihaten. ant weren as feolahes {urh} muche freontschipe.{20} is meidenes feder [&] he. weren swie wel to gederes.

+Wes ion time as e redunge telle. e modi Maximien keiser irome. heriende. [&] heiende heaene maumez. wi unimea{20} muchel hird. [&] wi heh duhee. [&] fordemde alle eo e o drihtin bilefden. es mihti maximien luuede an eleusium biuoren monie of his men. Akennet of heh cun. [&] swie riche of rente. [&] [gh]ung{e} mon of [gh]eres. es [gh]unge mon eleusi{us}. [/] {us} wes wel wi e king{e}. hefde iunne feolahschipe to affrican. [&] wes iwunet ofte to cumen wi him{25} [f.37v] to his in. [&] iseon his dohter.

[Linenote: 25. inune MS.]

as he sumchere iseh hire utnume feir. ant freoliche. he felde hi{m} iwundet. [/] wi{}uten lechnunge of hire libben he ne mahte. Affrican wiste wel [/] he wes freo boren. [&] [/] him walde bicumen a freo boren burde. ant [gh]ettede h{im} his dohter. [&] wes sone [f.57r] ihondsald al hire unwilles. ah{25} heo truste on him at ne trukene namon{;} [/] truste treowliche on him. ant euch deis dei eode to ch'irche to leornen godes lare. [gh]eornliche to witen hu ha mahte best witen hire unweommet. . .

+As he hefde en chere bihalden swie [gh]eorne hire utnumne feire. [&] freoliche [gh]uhee{;} felde him iwundet in{}wi in his heorte wi e flan e of luue fleo. swa [/] him uhte et ne mahte he nanes weis wi{}ute e lechnunge of hire luue libben. Ant efter lutle{30} stounde wi{}ute long{e} steuene. wes him seolf sonde to affrican hire feader. [&] bisohte him [gh]eorne [/] he hire [gh]eue him. [&] he hire walde menskin wi al [/] he mahte. As e i{n}g i e world [/] he meast luuede. Affrican wiste [/] he wes swi freo iboren. ant walde wel bicumen him a freo iboren burde. [&] [gh]etede him his bone. Ha wes{35} him sone i{}hondsald ah hit hire unwil were. AH ha truste upon him [/] ne truked na mon. ha trewliche him truste on. [&] eode to chirche euche dahees dei. to leornin godes lare. biddinde [gh]eorne wi reowfule reames. [/] he wissede hire o hwuche wise ha mahte witen hire meiha. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . {40}

[Linenote: 36. After were, al erased.]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ah as ha wende hire summes weis to witene{;} sende him to seggen. [/] nalde {30} ha lihten swa lahe ne nehlechen him for nan liuiende mon. er en he were under Maximian hehest in rome [/] is hehreue. Sone so he iherde is. he bi{}[gh]et et te keiser [/] he [gh]ettede him reue to beonne as [/] he i[gh]irnd hefde. ant he as me a luuede. lette leaden him i{n}to {c}ure. [&] te riche riden in. [&] tuhen him [gh]ont te tun{;} from strete to strete.{35} ant al e {c}ur wes bitild. [/] he wes in. wi purpre wi pal. [&] wi ciclatu{n}. [&] deorewure claes. as e [/] heh ing hefde to heden. ant a he hefde is idon{;} he sende hire to seggen. [/] he hefde hire wil iwraht. [&] heo schulde his wurchen.

[Linenotes: 34, 36. ture tur MS. 37. ciclatur MS.]

Ah heo forte werien hire wi him summe 'hwile: [f.38r] sende him to seggen. [/] nalde ha nawt lihten se lahe to luuien. Ne nalde ha neolechin him for na liuiende mon. ear en he were under Maximien. hehest i Rome. [/] is heh reue. He ase timliche as he hefde iherd is. bi[gh]et ed te Keiser et he [gh]ette him al [/] he walde.{45} [&] lette as me luuede a leaden him i cure up o fowr hweoles. [&] teon him [gh]eonte tun ron from strete to strete. Al e cure ou{er}tild [/] he wes itohen on{;} wi purpres [&] pelles. wi ciclatuns [&] cendals [&] deorewure claes. AS e [/] se heh ing hefde to heden. ant se riche refschipe to rihten [&] to readen. a he hefde us idon. sende hire {us}{50} to seggen hire wil he hefde iwraht. Nu his ha schulde wurchen.

+Iuliane e edie i{es}u cristes leouemon of his blisfule luue balde{40} hire seoluen. sende him to onswere [f.57v] bi an of hire sonden. Elewsius wite u hit wel ireadi. wrai so u wrai. no lengre nulich hit heolen e. [gh]ef u wult leauen e lahen [/] tu list in. ant leuen in godd feder. [&] i{n} his deorewure sune. [&] ie hali gast. ichulle wel neomen e. [gh]ef u nult no{;} u art wundi of me. [&] oer luue sech e.{45} a e reue iherde is{;} he wreede him swie. [&] hire feder cleopede. ant feng on to tellen him. hu his doht{er} droh him from deie to deie. ant efter [/] he wende to habben his iwil so ha him is word sulliche sende. Bi [/] ilke godd q{uo} hire feder [/] me is la to gremien beo hit so [/] tu seist to wraer heale seide ha hit. ant nu ichulle o great{50} grome al biteachen hire e. to wurchen i wil. [&] al [/] te wel like as mit tin ahne. [&] me cleopede hire for biuoren hire feder.

Juliene e eadie ih{es}u c{ri}stes leofmon of his blisfule luue balde hire seolue{n}, [&] sende him al openliche bi sonde to seggen. is word ha send te for nawt u hauest iswechte. wreae se u wreae. Do [/] tu do wult nule ich ne ne mei ich lengre heolen hit te [gh]ef u wult{55} leauen. e lahen et tu liuest in ant leuen i godd feader. [&] in his deorwure sune. [&] i e hali gast folkene froure. an godd [f.38v] [/] is igret wi euches cunnes gode{;} Ich chule wel neome e. [&] [gh]ef [/] tu nult no{;} u art windi of me. [&] oer luue sech e. a e hehe reue iherde is ondswere{;} bigon to wreen swie. [&] cleopede hire{60} feder{}for. [&] feng on to tellen. hwuch word ha sende him. Efter [/] he wende forte habben idon al [/] he wilnede. Affrican hire feader wundrede him swie. [&] bigon to swerien. bi e ilke godes [/] me is la to gremien. beo hit so [/] tu seiist{;} to wraer heale. ha seh hit. ant ich wulle o great grome al biteachen hire e. [&] tu do hire. al [/] tu{65} wult. He onkede him. [&] heo wes icleopet for.

[Linenotes: 53. al] ṭọ al MS.]

[&] he feng feire to fondin his dohter Mi deorewure dohter hwer{}fore uor{}sakestu i sẏ. ant ti selhe. e weolen ant te wu{n}nen [/] walden awakenin ant waxen of i wedlac. [/] ich e to reade. for he is inoh{55} lauerd elewsius ine rome. [&] tu maht beon leafdi dohter [gh]ef u wel wult. Iuliane e eadie onswerede him [&] seide as eo at [f.58r] ine godd hire hope hefde. [gh]ef he wule leuen an god al mihti. enne mei he speoken rof [&] inoh rae speden. ant [gh]ef [/] he nule nawt. ne schal wiuen on me. wiue er his wil is.

[&] affrican hire feader feng on earst feire on{;} to lokin [gh]ef he mahte wi eani luue speden. Juliene q{uo} he mi deorewure dohter. sei me hwi u forsakest i sy [&] ti selhe? e weole{n} [&] te wunnen. e walden awakenen. [&] waxen of e wedlac [/] ich reade e to: hit nis nan{70} eelich ing. e refschipe of rome. ant tu maht [gh]ef u wult. beon burhene leafdi. [&] of alle e londes e er{}to ligge. Juliene e eadie ontswerede him [&] seide. [gh]ef he wule luuien. [&] leuen g'odd. al mihti{;} enne mei he [speoken] rof. [&] speden inoh reae. for [gh]ef he [/] nule no{;} ich segge e [/] so is. ne schal he wiuen on me. Sei nu{75} hwet ti wil is.

[Linenote: 70. ṭreade MS.]

a hire feder iherde is{;}{60} a feng he to swerien. Bi mi kinewure lauerd apollo. ant bi mi deore leafdi diane. [/] ich muche luuie. [gh]ef u haldest her{}on. ichulle leoten deor to{}teore{n} ant to{}luken e. [&] [gh]eouen i flesch{;} fuheles of e lufte. Iuliane him onswerede [&] softeliche seide. ne wen u nawiht leoue feder. [/] tu affeare me swa. for i{es}u crist godes sune{65} [/] ich on leue [&] luuie as lauerd lufsumest on liue. ah ich beo forbernd. [&] to{}loken limel. nulich heronont buhen e nawiht

affrican wreaede [&] [f.39r] swor swie deopliche. for e drihtfule godd apollo mi lau{er}d. [&] mi deore leafdi e deorewure diane [/] ich muche luuie. [gh]ef u haldest her{}on{;} ich schal leote wilde deor to{}luken [&] toteore e [&] [gh]eoue i flesch fode to fuheles of e lufte. Juliene him ondswerede. [&] softeliche seide. Ne lef u{80} nawt leoue feader [/] tu offeare me swa{;} ich swerie a[gh]ein. e ih{es}u c{ri}st godes sune. [/] ich on leue. [&] luuie as leoflukest. [&] lufsumest lau{er}d. ah ich cwic beo forbearnd bae lim [&] li ileitinde leie. Nulle ich e her onont reate se u reate buhe ne beien.

a feng eft hire [feder] on wi olhnu{n}ge to fondi{n} [gh]ef he mahte eisweis wenden hire heorte. [&] seide hire lufsumliche. [/] ne schulde ha nane wunne lihtliche wilnin{;} [/] he ne schulde welden. wi [/] ha walde hire onc wenden{70} Nai quo [/] meiden schuldich don me to him [/] is alle deoulen bitaht. [&] to eche de idemet. to furwuren wi him world abuten ende. for his wedlakes weole oer for eni wunne. for so ich hit segge un{}wur is hit me. ichulle [/] he hit wite wel. ant tu [f.58v] eke mid him [/] ich am iweddet to an [/] ichulle treowliche to halden ant wi{}uten les{75} luuien. e is unlich him. [&] alle worldlich men. ne nullich him nower leauen. ne lihen for weole ne for wunne. for wa. ne for wunne et [gh]e mahen don me.

Affrican feng eft on. [&] to fondin ongon [gh]ef he mahte eanis weis{85} wi olhnunge wenden hire heorte. [&] leoftede luueliche. [&] seide hire sikerliche. [/] ne schulde ha lihtliche wilni na wunne{;} [/] ha ne schulde wealden. wi e{re}an [/] ha walde hire wil wenden. Nai q{uo} ha [/] nis nawt. schulde ich do me to him. [/] alle deoflen is bitaht. [&] to eche dea fordemet. to forwure wi him worlt buten ende ie putte{90} of helle? for his wedlackes weole oer for ei wunne. To soe ich hit segge e. Vnwur hit is me. Ich chulle [/] he wite hit ful wel. [&] tu eke mid al{;} i'ch am to an iweddet [/] ich chulle treowliche wiute leas luuien. [/] is unlich him [&] alle worltliche men. ne nulle ich neauer mare him lihen ne lea[f.39v]uen. for weole ne for wunne. for{95} wa ne for wontreae [/] [gh]e me mahen wurchen.

a feng hire feder te wreen swie ferlich [&] swie hokerliche freinede. Me hwet is he es were [/] tu art to iweddet. [/] tu hauest wi{}uten me ine luue ilene[t] for hwam u letest lutel of{80} [/] tu schuldest luuie{n}. ne ich neuer [/] ich wite nes wi him icnawen. For gode q{uo} et meiden in harm is e mare nawt fori et tu nauest ofte iherd of him [gh]are. [/] is iesu godes sune. e forto lesen moncun [/] forloren schulden beon{;} lette his deo'rwure lif on rode. ne ich ne seh him neuer [/] me sare for unche. ah ichim luuie ant{85} leue as on lauerde. ne schal me firsin him from{;} nower deouel ne mon. For mi lif quo hire feder e schal lain his luue for u schalt beon ibeaten. mid besmes swa bittre [/] tu wummon were. schal to wrae{r} heale iwuren.

[Linenotes: 80. ilenet] MS. defective here. 89. wrael MS.]

+Hire feader feng on to wreain swie ferliche [&] easkede hire hokerliche. Ant hwet is he es were [/] tu art to iweddet. [/] tu hauest wi{}ute me se for i luue ile{n}et. [/] tu letest lutel. of al [/] tu schuldest luuien. Ne ich nes neauer [/] ich wite [gh]et. wi him{100} icnawen. for gode q{uo} e meiden in hearm is e mare. Nawt for{}i [/] tu nauest iherd of him [gh]are. [/] is ih{es}u godes sune. [/] forte alesen moncun [/] schulde beon forloren al{;} lette lif o rode. Ich ne seh him neau{er} [&] [/] me of{}unche. Ah ich him luuie [&] wulle don. [&] leue on as o lau{er}d. Ne schal me firsen him from. Nower{105} deouel ne mon. for mi lif q{uo} hire feader e schal lain his luue. for u schalt habbe rof hearm [&] scheome bae [&] nu u schalt on alre earst. as on ernesse swa beon ibeaten wi bittere besmen. [/] tu were wummon of wu{m}mone bosum to wraerheale eau{er} iboren ie worlde.

[Linenote: 99. ileuet MS.]

Swa muche quo ha ich iwure him e leouere{;} So ich derure ing for his luue drehe. [/] ti wil is{;} wurch nu.{90} [&] he het hatterliche strupen hire steortnaket. [&] beten hire swa luere [/] hire leofliche lich{;} lieri al oblode. [&] swa ha duden so luere [/] te blod [gh]et adun of e [gh]erden. [&] heo bigon to [gh]eien. Beaten so [gh]e beaten [gh]e beliales bu[f.59r]deles. ne mahe [gh]e nower mi luue ne min bileaue lutlen toward him mi lufsum leof mi leowinde lauerd ne{95} nullich leauen ower read [/] for reade ow seoluen. ne ower mix mawmex [/] beo es feondes fetles heien ne herien. for teone ne for tintreow [/] [gh]e mahen timbrin. Na quo he is hit swa hit schal sutelin sone. for ichulle biteachen mislich i bodi to elewsium e riche reue irome ant he schal for{}swelten ant for{}reden e efter es wille wi{100} allescunnes pinen.

[Linenote: 98.schal] salch MS.]

Swa muche q{uo} [/] meiden ich beo him e leou{er}e. se ich{110} derfre ing for his luue drehe. [wurch] u [/] ti wil is. [Gh]e q{uo} he blieliche. ant swie heatterliche. strupen hire steort naket. [&] legge se luer[f.40r]liche on hire leofliche lich{;} {[/]} hit lieri o blode. Me nom hire [&] dude swa [/] hit [gh]eat adun of e [gh]erden. ant heo bigon to [gh]eien. Beaten se [gh]e beaten [gh]e beliales budeles. ne mahe [gh]e nower{115} mi luue ne mi bileaue lutlin towart te liuiende godd mi leofsume leofmon. e luuewure lau{er}d. ne nulle ich leuen ower read e forreade ow seolf. ne e mix maumez e beo es feondes fetles{;} heien ne herien. for teone ne for tintreohe [/] [gh]e me mahe timbrin. Na nult tu q{uo} affrican. hit schal sone sutelin. for ich chulle sende{120} e nu [&] biteache i bodi to eleusiu{m} e riche [/] reue is ou{er} rome. ant he schal e forreaden. [&] makie to forswelten. as his ahne wil is urh al et eauer sar iS.

[Linenotes: 111. After drehe an erasure of three letters MS. 112.legge corr. out of leggen MS. 113.[/]] [&] MS.]

[gh]e quo is meiden [/] mei crist welden. for ne mahe [gh]e nawt don me bute hwet he wule eauien ow to muchelin mi mede [&] te mure [/] li to meihades menske for euer so [gh]e mare merri me her{;} so mi crune bi brihtre [&] fehere. for ichulle blieliche drehen euer{}euch derf for mi deore lauerdes luue. ant softe me{105} bi euch derf hwen ich him serui ah ume to elewsium willes biteache{;} ne [gh]eue ich for inc nower. [/] [gh]e me mahen harmen. for so [gh]e mare me her harme. so mare [3]e me helpe seoueuald to heouene. [&] [gh]ef [gh]e me do to deae hit bi me deorewure ant ich schal er {urh} blie bicumen into endelese blissen ant [gh]e schulen wrecches{110} wei ower wures [/] [gh]e iboren weren sinken to wraer heale ow to e bale bitter deope into helle.

+[Gh]e q{uo} is meiden [/] mei godd welden. ne mahe [gh]e nawt do me bute et he wule eauien [&] olien ow to donne to mu{c}li mi mede{125} [&] te murhe [/] li to meihades menske. for eauer se [gh]e nu her mearre me mare{;} se mi crune schal beon brihttre ba [&] fehere. for{}i ich chulle blieliche [&] wi blie heorte drehen eauer euch derf. for mi leofmones luue e lufsume lau{er}d [&] softe me bi euch sar in his seruise. u wult u seist a[gh]eoue me to eleusium e luere.{130} a{}[gh]ef [f.40v] me for nawiht ne [gh]eoue ich for inc nower. et [gh]e mahen ane pine me here. Ah hit ne hearme me nawt ah helpe [&] heue up [&] make mine murhes monifalde in heouene. ant [gh]ef [gh]e do me to dea. hit bi deore to godd. [&] ich schal blie bicumen to endelese blissen. ant [gh]e schulen wrecches wei ower wures.{135} [/] [gh]e weren ie worlt iboren [&] i{}broht for se wraer heale [gh]e schule sinken adun to sar [&] to eche sorhe. to bitternesse ant to bale deope into helle.

[Linenote: 125. mutli MS.]

+H+ire feder affrican {urh} is bittre teone bitahte hire to elewsium e luere [f.59v] reue. ant he lette bringen hire biuoren him to his heh seotel as he set in dome as reue of e burhe . . .{115}

Affrican hire feader bitterliche iteonet bitahtte hire eleusium e luere reue of rome [&] lette bringen hire biuoren his{140} eh{}sihe. as he set [&] demde. e hehe burh domes. . . . . . .

[f. 61r] a elewsius iseh is [/] ha us feng on to festnen hire seoluen ohte [/] he walde anan don hire ut of dahene [&] bed swie bringen hire brune of wallinde breas ant healden on hire heauet [/] hit urne endelong hire leofliche bodi dun to e helen ant swa me dude sone. ah hire hende healent wiste hire unweommet. elewsius{120} war wod ut of his witte. ant nuste hwet seggen [&] het swie don hire ut of his ehsihe. [&] dreihen hire into darc hus [&] p{ri}sunes pine. ant he duden sone. Heo as ha rinne wes in eosternesse hire ane feng te cleopien to crist ant bidden eos bone.

[f. 41v] [+]a eleusius seh [/] ha {us} feng on to festnin hire seoluen isoe bileaue{;} ohte he walde don hire anan ut of dahene: [&] bed biliue bringen for brune walli{n}de bres. [&] healden hit se wal [f.42r] hat hehe up on hire heaued. [/] hit urne{145} enddelong hire leofliche lich adun to hire helen. Me dude al as he het. Ah e worldes wealdent [/] wiste sein iuhan his ewang{e}liste unhurt ie ueat of wallinde eoli er he wes i{}don in. [/] ase hal com up rof{;} as he wes hal meiden. e ilke liues lau{er}d. wiste him unwemmet. his brud of e bres [/] wes wallinde. swa [/] ne uhte{150} hit hire buten ase wlech weater al [/] ha felde. Eleusius wod a nuste hwet segen. Ah hehte swie don hire ut of his eh{}sihe. [&] dreaien in{}to dorc hus to prisunes pine ant swa ha wes idon sone.

[Linenotes: 143. After hire, ọf MS. 146. heạlen MS.]

+Lauerd godd al mihti. mi murhe ant mi mede mi sy ant mi{125} selhe u isist hu icham bistaet ant bi{}stonden festne mi bileaue steor me ant streng me. for al mi strence is uppon e. mi fedeR. [&] mi modeR for ich nulle for{}saken e{;} habbe for{}saken me [&] al mi nest falde cun me heane et schulden mine freond beon{;} beo me mest feondes ant mine hinen me beo mest heanen ah habbich in{130} anes help icham wil cweme ne leaf ume neuer liuiende lauerd as u wistest daniel bimong e wode leuns ant te reo chil[f.61v]dren ananie zacharie misael inempnet.

Heo as ha rinne wes i eost{er}nesse hire ane. feng to{155} cleopien to c{ri}st [&] bidde eos bone. lau{er}d godd al{}mihti mi murhe [&] mi mede. mi sẏ [&] al e selhe. [/] ich efter seche u sist al hu ich am bisteaet [&] bistonden. festne mi bileaue. Riht me [&] read me. for al mi trust is on e. Steor me [&] streng me for al mi strenge is of e. Mi feader [&] Mi moder for{}i [/] ich nule e{160} forsaken{;} habbe forsake me. [&] al mi nestfalde cun. [/] schulde beo me best freond{;} beo me meast feondes. [&] mine in{}hinen{;} alre meast hea[r]men. herewure healent. habbe [f.42v] ich in anes help. ich am wil{}cweme ne forleaf u me nawt luuiende lau{er}d. as u biwistest daniel bimong e wode liuns ilatet se luere. [&] te reo{165} children e chearre nalden from e lahen [/] ha schulden luuien. Ananie [&] Azarie [&] Misahel inempnet.

[Linenotes: 159. Between mi and trust, erasure of five letters MS. 163.heamen MS.]

bi{}wistest unweo{m}met from e ferliche fur of e furneise swa u wite ant witen me to witen me from sunne. lauerd urh is lease lif{;} lead me to lestinde to e hauene{135} of heale as u leddest israeles folc urh e reade sea buten schip druifot ant hare fan senchtest [/] ham efter sohten afal umine famen ant to{}drif drihtin en deouel [/] me derue. for ne mei na mon wi{}uten i strence stonden him a[gh]eines lef me [/] ich mote i{}seon him [gh]et schent{;} [/] wene me to schrenchen ant schunchen of e{140} weie{;} [/] leade to eche lif. wite me from his la ant wi his crefti crokes. wite me wi mine unwines [/] tu beo euer iheret ant iheiet in heouene ant in eore beo u iblescet as u were ant art. ant euer schalt beon in eche blisse. amen.

Al u al wealdent biwistest ha{m} unwemmet. wid [/] ferliche fur i e furneise. swa u wunne of e worlt wite me [&] were [&] wit{er}e. [&] wisse urh i wisdom to wite me wi sunne. lau{er}d liues lattow. lead me urh is lease. is lutle{170} leastinde lif{;} to e hauene of heale. As u lead'dest isr{ae}les leode of egipte bute schip dru fot urh e reade sea. [&] asenchtest hare uan e ferden ham efter. [&] tu folkes feader. aual mine va{}men. [&] tu drihtin to{}drif e deouel [/] me derue. for ne mei na monnes st'renge wi{}uten in stonden him to [gh]eines. lef me [/] ich mote{175} mihti meinfule godd iseon him ischeomet [gh]et e wene me to schrenchen. [&] schunchen of e nearowe wei [/] leade to eche lif. loke me from his la liuiende lau{er}. Make me war [&] wite me wi his crefti crokes. [/] ha me ne crechen. were me swa wi en vnwine. helpleses heale. [/] tu beo iheiet [&] i{}heret eaure in eore. as in{180} heouene. [f.43r] Beo u aa iblescet lau{er}d as u were ant art [&] schalt beon in eche.

[Linenote: 177.After [&], [.]ụṇ MS.]



XX. THE OWL AND THE NIGHTINGALE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

"i. Jesus College, Oxford, E 29 (J); see [VI, Alfred]. ii. Cotton Caligula A 9, British Museum (C); see XIV, La[gh]amon. They are copies of a common exemplar X, which was probably taken directly from the poet's original. Xwas written by two scribes; the work of the first is represented in ll. 1-353 of the present selection; that of the second in ll. 354-437; the former was accustomed to French scribal methods. The writer of C was a mechanical copyist and not at home in English, consequently he reproduces X with tolerable accuracy. The scribe of J was more independent (see [VI, Alfred, second paragraph in the e-text])."]]

(Jesus College MS.)

(Cotton MS.)

[Transcriber's Note: The page numbers from the two MSS overlap: Jesus 229r - 241v; Cotton 233r - 246r.]

Incip{it} Alt{er}cacio int{er} filomenam [&] Bubonem.

+Ich wes in one sumere dale. [f. 229r In one swie dyele hale. I herde ich holde grete tale. An vle and one nẏhtegale. at playd wes stif [&] starc [&] stro{n}g. 5 Sum hwile softe [&] lud among. And eyer a{}yeyn oer swal. And let at vuele mod vt al. And eyer seyde of ores custe. at alre wrste at hi ywuste. 10 [&] hure [&] hure of ores songe. hi holde playding swie stronge.

[Linenote: 6. among] o corr. out of g.]

+Ich was in one sum{er}e dale. [f. 233r In one sue di[gh]ele hale. I herde ich holde grete tale. An hule and one ni[gh]tingale. at plait was stif [&] starc [&] stro{n}g. 5 Sum wile softe [&] lud among. An a{i}er a[gh]en oer sval. [&] let at wole mod ut al. [&] eier seide of oeres custe. at alre worste at hi wuste. 10 [&] hure and hure of oere[s] songe Hi holde plaiding sue stronge.

[Linenotes: XX. 7. aser. oer in margin MS. 10.alẹre MS.]

e Nihtegale bi gon o speke. In one hurne of one beche. [&] sat vp one vayre bowe. 15 at were abute blostme ynowe. In ore vaste thikke hegge. I meynd myd spire. [&] g{re}ne segge. He wes e gladd{re}. vor e ryse. [&] song a veole cunne wyse. 20 Bet uhte e drem. at he were. of harpe [&] pipe an he nere. Bet uhte at heo were i{}shote. of harpe [&] pipe an of rote.

+e ni[gh]tingale bigon e speche. In one hurne of one breche. [&] sat upone vaire bo[gh]e. 15 ar were abute blosme ino[gh]e. In ore waste icke hegge. Imeind mid spire [&] grene segge. Ho was e gladur uor e rise. [&] song auele cunne wise. 20 {B}et u[gh]te e dreim at he were. Of harpe [&] pipe an he nere. Bet u[gh]te at he were ishote. Of harpe [&] pipe an of rote.

[Linenotes: 21. Bet] Het MS. 23. is hote MS.]

o stod on old stok. ar bẏ side. 25 ar e vle song hire tyde. And wes myd ivi al bi{}growe. Hit wes are vle erdingstowe.

[]o stod on old stoc arbiside. 25 ar o vle song hire tide. [&] was mid iui al{}bigrowe. Hit was are hule eardingstowe.

e Nihtegale hi iseyh. [&] hi{}biholde. and ouer{}seyh. 30 [&] uhte wel ful of are vle. For me hi halt. lodlich [&] fule. vnwyht heo seide a{}wey u fleo. [f. 229r Me is e wurs. at ich e iseo. Iwis for ine wle lete. 35 wel ofte ich my song fur{}lete Min heorte atflyh [&] falt my tunge. hwenne u art to me i{}runge. Me luste bet speten ane singe. of ine fule howelynge. 40

[]e ni[gh]tingale hi ise[gh]. [&] hi bihold [&] ouerse[gh]. 30 [&] u[gh]te wel wl of are hule. For me hi halt lodlich [&] fule. vn wi[gh]t ho sede a{}wei u flo. Me is e wrs at ich e so. I wis for ine wle lete. [f. 233r 35 wel oft ich mine song forlete. Min horte atfli [&] falt mi tonge. wonne u art to me irunge. Me luste bet speten ane singe. Of ine fule [gh]o[gh]elinge. 40

eos vle abod for hit wes eve. heo ne myhte no leng bileue. vor hire heorte wes so gret. at wel neyh hire fnast at{}set. [&] warp a word ar after longe. 45 hw ynk e nu bi mine songe. Wenestu at ich ne kunne singe.

+os hule abod fort hit was eve. Ho ne mi[gh]te no leng bileue. vor hire horte was so gret. at welne[gh] hire fnast at{}schet. [&] warp a word ar aft{er} longe. 45 Hu ince nu bi mine songe. we[n]st u at ich ne cunne singe.

e ich ne cunne of wrytelinge. Ilome u dest me grome. [&] seist me boe teone [&] schome. 50 If ich e heolde on myne vote. So hit bitide at ich mote. [&] u were vt of ine ryse. u scholdest singe on oer wise.

e[gh] ich ne cunne of writelinge. I{}lome u dest me g{ra}me [&] seist me boe tone [&] schame 50 [Gh]if ich e holde on mine uote. So hit bitide at ich mote. [&] u were vt of ine rise. u sholdest singe an oer w[i]se.

e Nihtegale [gh]af onsware. 55 If ich me loki wi e bare. [&] me schilde wit e blete. Ne recche ich nouht of ine rete. If ich me holde i{n} myne hegge Ne recche ich neuer hwat u segge. 60 Ich wot at u art vnmilde. wi heom at ne muwe fro{m} e schilde.

+e ni[gh]tingale [gh]af answare. 55 [gh]if ich me loki wit e bare. [&] me schilde wit e blete. Ne reche ich no[gh]t of ine rete. [gh]if ich me holde in mine hegge. Ne recche ich neu{er} what u segge. 60 Ich wot at u art un{}milde. Wi hom at ne mu[gh]e fro{m} {}e schilde.

[Linenote: 62. e] se MS.]

And u tukest wroe [&] vuele Hwar u myht ouer smale vowele. vor{}i u art lo al fowel cunne. [f. 229v 65 [&] alle heo e dryue heonne. [&] e bi{}scryche. [&] bi{}grede [&] wel narewe e by{}lede. [&] ek fore e sulue mose hire onkes wolde e to{}tose. 70

[&] u tukest wroe [&] vuele. Whar u mi[gh]t over smale fu[gh]ele. Vori u art lo al fuel{}kunne. 65 [&] alle ho e driue honne. [&] e bi{}schriche [&] bi{}gredet. [&] wel narewe e bi{}ledet. [&] ek fore e sulue mose. [f. 233v Hire onkes wolde e totose. 70

u art lodlich to bi{}holde. And u art lo i{n} monye volde. i bodi is scort. i swere is smal. Gretture is in heued ne u al. in yen beo col{}blake [&] brode. 75 Ryht so hi were{n} ipeynt myd wod{e} u starest so u wille abyten Al at u myht myd clyure smyte{n} i bile is stif [&] sarp [&] hoked. Riht as on ewel at is croked. 80 ar myd u clechest eu{er} amo{n}g. And at is on of ine song.

[Linenote: 75. en ... brode on an erasure.]

u art lodlich to biholde. [&] u art lo in monie volde. i bodi is short i swore is. smal. Grett{er}e is in heued an u al. in e[gh]ene bo colblake [&] brode. 75 Ri[gh]t swo ho were{n} ipei{n}t mid wode. u starest so u wille abiten. Al at u mist mid cliure smiten. i bile is stif [&] scharp [&] hoked. Ri[gh]t so an owel at is croked. 80 ar{}mid u clackes oft'e [&] longe. [&] at is on of ine songe.

Ac u retest to myne vleysse. Mid ine cleures woldest me meysse. e were i{}cundere to one frogge. 85 at sit at Mulne vnder cogge. Snayles. Mus. and fule wihte. Beo ine cunde [&] ine rihte. u sittest a day and flyhst a niht. u cuest at u art on vnwiht. 90 u art lodlich and unclene. Bi ine neste ich hit mene. And ek bi ine fule brode. u vedest on heo{m} a wel ful vode. . . . . . . .

[Linenote: 91. [&] and MS.]

Ac u retest to mine fleshe. Mid ine cliures woldest me meshe. e were icundur to one frogge. 85 [at sit at mulne under cogge.] Snailes, mus [&] fule wi[gh]te. Bo ine cunde [&] ine ri[gh]te. u sittest adai and fli[gh][s]t ani[gh]t. u cuest at u art on unwi[gh]t. 90 u art lodlich [&] unclene. Bi ine neste ich hit mene. [&] ek bi ine fule brode. u fedest on hom a wel ful fode. . . . . . .

[Linenotes: 86. Line omitted in MS. but there is a mark on margin. 89.fli[gh]st] i[gh] corr. out of u.]

+eos word ayaf e nihtegale. [f. 230r 95 And after are longe tale. Heo song so lude. [&] so scharpe. Ryht so me g{ru}lde. schille harpe. eos vle luste iderward. [&] heold hire eyen neerward. 100 [&] sat to{}swolle [&] to bolewe. so heo hedde one frogge i'swolwe. For heo wel wiste. [&] was i{}war. at heo song hire a bysemar [&] naeles heo yaf ondsware. 105 hwy nel{}tu fleon i{n}to bare. And schewi hweer vnker beo. of briht{er} hewe. of fayrur bleo.

[[The "e" in "eos" was subscripted in two different printings. The subscript is not explained in the Notes.]]

+os word a [gh]af e ni[gh]tingale. 234r 95 [&] aft{er} are longe tale. He song so lude [&] so scharpe. Ri[gh]t so me grulde schille harpe. os hule luste iderward. [&] hold hire e[gh]e noerwa[r]d. 100 [&] sat to svolle [&] ibolwe. also ho hadde one frogge isuol[gh]e. for ho wel wiste [&] was i{}war. at ho song hire a bisemar. [&] noeles ho [gh]af andsuare. 105 whi nel{}tu flon in{}to e bare. [&] sewi are unk{er} bo. Of bri[gh]t{er} howe of uairur blo.

[Linenote: 105. [gh]as corr. in margin to [gh]af.]

No. u hauest scharpe clawe. Ne kepe ich noht at u me clawe. 110 u hauest clyures swie stro{n}ge. u twengest ar mid so do a tonge. u outest so do ine ilyche. Mid fayre worde me biswike.

No u hauest wel scharpe clawe. Ne kepich no[gh]t at u me clawe. 110 u hauest cliuers su{}e stronge. u tuengst ar{}mid so do a tonge. u o[gh]test so do in ilike. Mid faire worde me bi{}swike.

Ich nolde don at u me raddest. 115 Ich wiste wel at u me misraddest. schomye e vor ine vnrede. vn{}wryen is i swikehede. schild i swikedo{m} fro{m} e lyhte. And hud at wowe a{}mo{n}g e ryhte. 120 hwanne u wilt u vnriht spene. Loke at hit ne beo isene. vor swikedom haue schome and het [f. 230r If hit is ope. and vnder yete.

Ich nolde don a't u me raddest. 115 Ich wiste wel at u me mis{}raddest. Schamie e for in unrede. vn{}wro[gh]en is i svikelhede. Schild ine svikeldom vram e li[gh]te. [&] hud at wo[gh]e amon[gh] e ri[gh]te. 120 ane u wilt in unri[gh]t spene. Loke at hit ne bo i{}sene. vor svikedom haued schome [&] hete. [gh]if hit is ope [&] under [gh]ete.

[Linenote: 115.at] t added by a second hand.]

Ne spedestu nouht mid in vn{}wrenche 125 For ich am war. and can blenche. Ne helpe noht at u bo to riste. Ich wolde vyhte bet myd liste. an u mid al ine strenge. Ich habbe on brede [&] ek on lenge. 130 Castel god on myne ryse. wel fyht at wel flyh. sey e wise. Ac lete awey eos cheste. For suche wordes beo vnwreste.

Ne speddestu no[gh]t mid ine unwrenche. 125 for icham war [&] can wel blenche. Ne help no[gh]t at u bo to {}riste. Ich wolde vi[gh]te bet mid liste. [f. 234r an u mid all ine strenge. Ich abbe on brede [&] eck on lenge. 130 Castel god on mine rise. wel fi[gh]t at wel fli[gh]t sei e wise. ac lete we a{}wei os cheste. vor suiche wordes bo unwerste.

[Linenotes: 127.riste] wriste MS. 130.eck corr. out of ech MS.]

And fo we on myd rihte dome. 135 Mid fayre worde. [&] myd some. eyh we ne beon at on acorde. we mawe bet myd fayre worde. wi{}vte cheste and bute vyhte. Playde mid soe. [&] mid ryhte. 140 [&] may vr eyer hwat he wile. Mid rihte segge. [&] myd skile.

[&] fo we on mid ri[gh]te dome. 135 Mid faire worde [&] mid wsome. e[gh] we ne bo at one acorde. we mu[gh]e bet mid fawre worde. wit{}ute cheste [&] bute fi[gh]te. Plaidi mid fo[gh]e [&] mid ri[gh]te. 140 [&] mai hure eier wat h{e} wile. Mid ri[gh]te segge [&] mid sckile.

[Linenote: 141.he] hi MS.]

+o qwa e vle. hwo schal vs seme. at cunne [&] wille riht vs deme. Ich wot wel qua e nyhtegale. 145 Ne arf er of beo no tale. Mayster Nichol of guldeuorde. he is wis and war of worde.

+o qua e hule {wo} schal us seme. at kunne [&] wille ri[gh]t us deme. Ich wot wel qua e ni[gh]tingale. 145 Ne aref ar of bo no tale. Maist{er} nichole of guldeforde. He is wis an war of worde.

he is of worde swye glev. And him is lo eurich vneu. 150 he wot insyht i{n} euche songe. hwo singe wel. hwo singe wronge. And he con schede from e rihte. at wowe. at uster fro{m} e lyhte.

He is of dome sue gleu. [&] him is lo eurich uneu. 150 He wot in{}si[gh]t in eche songe. wo singet wel wo singet wronge. [&] he can schede vrom e ri[gh]te. at wo[gh]e at ust{er} from e li[gh]te.

[Linenote: 143. wo] u MS.]

+e vle. one hwile hi bihouhte. 155 And after an is word up brouhte. Ich graunti wel a't he vs d{e}me. [f. 230v For eyh he were hwile breme. [&] leof him wre Nihtingale. And oer wyhte gent [&] smale. 160 Ich wot. he is nu e acoled. Nis he vor e nouht afoled.

+o hule one wile hi bi{}o[gh]te. 155 [&] aft{er} an is word up bro[gh]te. Ich granti wel at he us deme. vor e[gh] he were wile breme. [&] lof him were ni[gh]tingale. [&] oer wi[gh]te gente [&] smale. 160 Ich wot he is nu sue acoled. Nis he vor e no[gh]t afoled. [f. 234v

at he vor ine olde luue. Me a dun legge [&] e a buue. N[e] schaltu. neuer so him queme. 165 at he vor e fals dom deme. he is nv ripe. [&] fast rede. Ne luste hym nv to non vnred{e}. Nv him ne lust namore pleye he wile gon a rihte weye. 170

at he for ine olde lo'uue. Me adun legge [&] e buue. Ne schaltu neure so him queme. 165 at he fore fals dom deme. He is him ripe [&] fastrede. Ne lust him nu to none unrede. Nu him ne lust na more pleie. He wile gon a ri[gh]te weie. 170

[Linenote: 167. A mark in margin apparently calling attention to him, MS.]

+e nihtegale wes al ware. heo hedde ileorned wel ihware. vle heo seyde seye me so. hwi dostu at vnwihtes do. u singest a nyht [&] nouht a{}day. 175 And al i song is way{}laway. u miht mid ine songe afere. Alle at here ine ibere.

+e ni[gh]tingale was al [gh]are. Ho hadde ilorned wel aiware. Hule ho sede seie me so. wi dostu at un{}wi[gh]tis do. u singist ani[gh]t [&] no[gh]t adai. 175 [&] al i song is wailawai. u mi[gh]t mid ine songe afere. alle at ihere ine ibere.

[u] scrichest [&] yollest to ine fere at hit is gryslich to ihere. 180 hit inche boe wise [&] snepe. Nouht at u singe. at u wepe. u flyhst a nyht and noht a day. ar of ich wundri [&] wel may. For vych ing at schonye riht. 185 hit luuye ust{er} [&] hate lyht. [&] euych ing. at luue misded{e}. hi luue ust{er} to his dede. . . . . . . [Linenote: 188. hi corr. out of his MS.]

u schirchest [&] [gh]ollest to ine fere. at hit is grislich to ihere. 180 Hit inchest boe wise [&] snepe. No[gh]t at u singe ac at u wepe. u fli[gh]st a{}ni[gh]t [&] no[gh]t adai. ar{}of ich wndri [&] wel mai. vor eurich ing at schuniet ri[gh]t. 185 Hit luue ust{er} [&] hatiet li[gh]t. [&] eurich ing at is lof misdede. Hit luue ust{er} to his dede. . . . . . .

+eos vle luste swie longe. [f. 230v [&] wes of{}teoned swie stronge. 190 heo qua u hattest Nihtegale. u mihtest bet hote galegale. vor u hauest to monye tale. let ine tunge habbe spale. u wenest at es day beo in owe. 195 let me nv habbe myne rowe. Beo nv stille [&] let me speke. Ich wile beo of e a wreke. [&] lust hw ich con me bi{}telle. Mid rihte soe wi{}vte spelle. 200

+os hule luste sue longe. [f. 234v [&] was of{}toned su'e stronge. 190 qua Ho u 'hattest ni[gh]tingale. u mi[gh]test bet hoten galegale. Vor u hauest to monie tale. Lat ine tunge habbe spale. u wenest at es dai bo ino[gh]e. 195 Lat me nu habbe mine ro[gh]e. Bo nu stille [&] lat me speke. Ich wille bon of e awreke. [&] lust hu ich con me bitelle. Mid ri[gh]te soe wit{}ute spelle. 200

[Linenote: 191. Ho qua with marks of inversion MS.]

u seyst at ich me hude a{}day ar to ne segge ich nyk no nay [&] lust ich telle hwer{}vore Al hwi hit is [&] hware{}vore. Ich habbe bile stif [&] strong{e}. [f. 231r 205 [&] gode cleures scharp [&] longe. So hit bycume to hauekes cunne. hit is myn hyhte [&] my ynne. at ich me drawe to mine cund{e}. Ne may me no mo{n} ar{}for send{e}. 210

u seist at ich me hude adai. ar{}to ne segge ich nich ne nai. [&] lust ich telle e wareuore. al wi hit is [&] wareuore. Ich habbe bile stif [&] stronge. 205 [&] gode cliuers scharp [&] longe. So hit bi{}cume to hauekes cunne. Hit is min hi[gh]te hit is mi wune. at ich me dra[gh]e to mine cunde. Ne mai noman areuore schende. [f. 235r 210

on me hit is wel i sene. For rihte cunde ich am so kene. vor i ich am lo smale vowele. at fleo bi g{ru}nde [&] bi uuele. hi me bichirme [&] bi{}grede. 215 [&] heore flockes to me lede. Me is leof to habbe reste. And sitte stille in myne neste. . . . . . .

On me hit is wel isene. vor ri[gh]te cunde ich am so kene. vor{}i ich am lo smale fo[gh]le. at flo bi grunde an bi uuele. Hi me bichermet [&] bigrede. 215 [&] hore flockes to 'me lede. Me is lof to habbe reste. [&] sitte stille in mine neste. . . . . . . [Linenote: 216.me] [n..]e with i added above: me in margin.]

wenestu at hauek beo e wrse. [f. 231r e crowe bi{}grede him bi e m{er}sche. 220 [&] go to him myd heore chyrme. Riht so hi wille. wi hi{m} schirme. e hauek folewe gode rede. He flyh his wey [&] let hi grede.

wenestu at haueck bo e worse. o[gh] crowe bi{}grede him bi e m{er}she. 220 [&] go to him mid hore chirme. Ri[gh]t so hi wille wit him schirme. e hauec fol[gh]e gode rede. [&] fli[gh]t his wei [&] lat he{m} grede. [f. 235r

[Linenotes: 223. fḷ fol[gh]e MS. 224. hem corr. out of hi MS.]

+et u me seyst of oer inge. 225 [&] tellest at ich ne can nouht singe. Ac al my reorde is wonyng. And to ihere gryslych ing. at nis nouht so. ich singe efne. Mid fulle dreme [&] lude stefne. 230 u wenest at eoch song beo g{ri}slich. at ine pipinge nis ilich.

+[Gh]et u me seist of o{er} inge. 225 [&] telst at ich ne can no[gh]t singe Ac al mi rorde is woning [&] to 'ihire grislich ing at nis no[gh]t so ich singe efne. Mid fulle dreme [&] lude stefne. 230 u wenist at ech song bo grislich. at ine pipinge nis ilich.

Mi stefne is bold [&] nouht vnorne. heo is ilich one grete horne. [&] in is iliche one pype. 235 of one smale weode vnripe. Ich [singe] bet an u dest. u chaterest so do on yris p{re}st.

Mi stefne is bold [&] no[gh]t un{}orne. ho is ilich one grete horne. [&] in is ilich one pipe. 235 Of one smale w'eode un{}ripe. Ich singe bet an u dest. u chat{er}est so do on irish pr'eost.

[Linenotes: 233. MS. blod corr. in margin to bold. 236.woede e added by corrector MS.]

Ich singe an efne. a{}ryhte time. [&] see hwenne hit is bedtime. 240 e ridde sye a middel{}nyhte. [&] so ich myne songe a{}dihte. hwenne ich iseo arise veorre oer day{}rewe oer day{}steorre. Ic do god myd myne rote. 245 And warny men to heore note. Ac u singest alle longe nyht. From eue at hit is day{}liht.

Ich singe an eue ari[gh]te time [&] soe won hit is bedtime. 240 e ridde sie ad middelni[gh]te. [&] so ich mine song adi[gh]te. wone ich i{}so arise vorre. Oer dairim oer daisterre. Ich do god mid mine rote. 245 [&] warni men to hore note. Ac u singest alle longe ni[gh]t. From eue fort hit is daili[gh]t.

[Linenote: 247.allelonge MS.]

[&] euer leste in o song, so longe so e nyht is long. 250 [&] eu{er} crowe i wrecche crey. at he ne swike nyht ne day. Mid ine pipinge u adunest. [f. 231v as mo{n}nes eren. ar u wunest. [&] makest i song, so vnwiht. 255 at me ne telle. of e nowiht.

[&] eure seist in o song. So longe so e ni[gh]t is long. 250 [&] eure crowe i wrecche crei. at he ne swike ni[gh]t ne dai. Mid ine pipinge u a{}dunest. as monnes earen ar u wunest. [&] makest ine song so unwr. 255 a't me ne tel of ar no[gh]t wr.

Eurych muree may so lo{n}ge leste. at heo schal liki wel vnwreste. for harpe. [&] pipe. [&] foweles song. Mislike. if hit is to long. 260 Ne beo e song ne so murie. at he ne sal inche vnmurie. If he i{}leste ouer vnwille. So u myht i song aspille. for hit is so Alured hit seyde. 265 [&] me hit. may i{n} boke rede. Eurich ing may lesen his godhed{e}. Mid vnmee and ouerdede. . . . . . .

+E+urich mur[gh]e mai so longe ileste. at ho shal liki wel unwreste. [f. 235v vor harpe [&] pipe [&] fu[gh]eles songe. Mislike [gh]if hit is to long. 260 Ne bo e song neu{er} so murie. at he ne shal inche wel unmurie. [gh]ef he ileste ouer unwille. So u mi[gh]t ine song aspille. vor hit is so alured hit seide. 265 [&] me hit mai ine boke rede. Eurich ing mai losen his godhede Mid unmee [&] mid ouerdede. . . . . . .

[Linenote: 265. seiḍde MS.]

+e nyhtegale i{n} hire ouhte. [f. 231v At{}heold al is. [&] longe ouhte. 270 hwat heo ar after myhte segge, vor heo ne myhte noht a{}legge. at e vle hedde hire i{}seyd. vor ho spak boe riht [&] red. [&] hire of uhte at heo hadde. 275 e speche so feor{}uor iladde. [&] wes aferd at hire answare Ne wre nouht a riht ivare.

+e ni[gh]tingale in hire o[gh]te. [f. 235v Athold al is [&] longe o[gh]te. 270 wat ho ar{e} aft{er} mi[gh]te segge. vor ho ne mi[gh]te no[gh]t alegge. at e hule hadde hire ised. vor he spac boe ri[gh]t an red. An hire ofu[gh]te at ho hadde. 275 e speche so foruor iladde. An was oferd at hire answare. Ne wre no[gh]t ari[gh]t i{}fare.

[Linenote: 270. alis MS.]

Ac noeles heo spak boldeliche vor heo is wis at hardeliche. 280 wi his fo ber grete ilete. {}at he for arehe hit ne for{}lete. vor suych wor bold if u flyhst. a't wile fleo if u swykst. If he isih at u {n}art areh. [f. 232r 285 he wile of bore wurche bareh. [&] for i ey 'e nyhtegale. Were a{}ferd heo spak bolde tale.

[Linenotes: 282.at] hwat MS. 285. art MS. 287. e added in margin.]

Ac noeles he spac boldeliche. vor he is wis at hardeliche. 280 wi is uo ber grete ilete. at he uor are[gh]e hit ne forlete. vor suich wor bold [gh]if u fli[gh]ste. at wle flo [gh]if u svicst. [Gh]if he isi at u nart are[gh]. 285 He wile of bore wrchen bare[gh]. [&] fori e[gh] e ni[gh]tingale. were aferd ho spac bolde tale [f. 236r

[Linenotes: 284. ịṣvicst MS. 286.bare[gh]] a corr. out of r MS.]

+Hvle heo seyde hwi dostu so. u singest a wynter wolawo. 290 u singest so do hen a{}snowe. Al at heo singe hit is for wowe. A wint{er} u singest wroe [&] yom{er}e. [&] eu{er} u art. dumb a sumere. hit is for ine fule nye 295 at u ne myht. myd vs be blie. vor u forbernest neyh for onde. hwenne vre blisse cume to lond{e}.

[Linenote: 289. ule]

+Hule ho seide wi dostu so. u singest awint{er} wolawo. 290 u singest so do hen asnowe. Al at ho singe hit is for wowe. A wint{er}e u singest wroe and [gh]om{er}e. An'd eure u art dumb a{}sum{er}e. Hit is for ine fule nie. 295 at u ne mi[gh]t mid us be blie. vor u forbernest welne[gh] for onde, wane ure blisse cume to londe.

[Linenotes: 289.ule MS. 297.foronde MS.]

u farest so do e ille. Euer{}ich blisse him is vnwille. 300 Grucching [&] luryng. hi{m} beo rade. If he iseo. at men beo glade. he wolde at he iseye. Teres i{n} eu{er}iche monnes eye. Ne roughte e. eyh flockes were. 305 Imeynd bi toppes [&] bi here.

u farest so do e ille. Evrich blisse him is un{}wille. 300 Grucching [&] luring him bo rade. [Gh]if he iso at men bo glade. he wolde at he ise[gh]e. Teres in evrich monnes e[gh]e. Ne ro[gh]te he e[gh] flockes were. 305 Imeind bi toppes [&] bi here.

Al{}so u dost on ire syde. For hwanne snouh li ikke [&] wid{e}. [&] alle wihtes habbe sorewe. u singest from eue to amorewe. 310 Ac ich mid me alle blisse bringe. Ech wiht is glad for myne inge. [&] blesse hit hwenne ich cume. [&] hihte a{}yeyn myne cume. e blostme. gynne sp{ri}nge [&] sp{re}d{e}. 315 Boe i{n} treo [&] ek in mede.

Al{}so u dost on ire side. vor wanne snov li icke [&] wide. an'd alle wi[gh]tes habbe sor[gh]e. u singest from eue fort amor[gh]e. 310 Ac ich alle blisse mid me bringe. Ech wi[gh]t is glad for mine inge. [&] blisse hit wanne ich cume. [&] hi[gh]te a[gh]en mine kume. e blostme ginne sp{ri}nge [&] sp{re}de 315 Boe ine tro [&] ek on mede.

[Linenote: 315.e blostme on an erasure MS.]

e lilie myd hire fayre wlite. welcome me eyh u hit wite. Bid me myd hire fayre bleo. at ich schulle to hire fleo. [f. 232r 320 e rose also myd hire rude. at cume of e orne wode. Bit me at ich schulle singe. For hire luue one skentynge. . . . . . .

e lilie mid hire faire wlite. Wolcume me at u hit wte. Bit me mid hire faire blo. at ich shulle to hire flo. 320 e rose al{}so mid hire rude. at cume ut of e orne wode. [f. 236r Bit me at ich shulle singe vor hire luue one skentinge. . . . . . . [Linenotes: 319. Bit] t corr. out of d MS. 324.ọṇẹ one MS.]

[V]le u axest me heo seyde. [f. 234r 325 [I]f ich con eny oer dede. Bute syngen in sume tyde. [&] bringe blisse veor [&] wyde. hwy axestu of craftes myne. Beter is myn on an alle ine. 330 Bet{er} is o song of myne mue. an al at i kun kue.

+Hule u axest me ho seide. 325 [gh]if ich kon eni oer dede. Bute singen in sume tide. an bringe blisse for [&] wide. wi axestu of craftes mine. Betere is min on an alle ine. 330 Bet{er}e is o song of mine mue. an al at eure i kun kue.

[Linenote: 325. Hule] Nule MS.]

[&] lust. ich telle e hwar{}vore. wostu to hwan mon wes ibore. To are blisse of heueryche. 335 ar eu{er} is song. [&] Murehe ilyche. [f. 234r ider funde euer ich man. at eny ing of gode can. for i me syng i{n} holy chireche. [&] clerekes gynne songes wrche. 340 at mon yenche. bi e songe. hwider he shal. [&] ar beon longe.

An lust ich telle e wareuore. wostu to wan man was ibore. [f. 238r To are blisse of houene{}riche. 335 ar eu{er} is song [&] mur[gh]e iliche. id{er} funde eurich man. at eniing of gode kan. vor i me sing in holi chirche. an clerkes ginne songes wirche. 340 at man ienche bie songe. wid{er} he shal [&] ar bon longe.

at he e murehe ne vor{}yete. Ac ar of enche. [&] bi{}gete. [&] nyme yeme of chirche stefne. 345 hw Murie is e blisse of heuene. Clerekes Munekes [&] cannes. ar beo os gode wike{}tunes. Arise vp to middel{}nyhte. [&] singe of on heuene{}lyhte. 350 [&] preostes vpe londe singe. [Hwenne e liht of daye springe.] [&] ich heom helpe hwat ic may. . . . . . . [Linenotes: 344. bi gete] bi gethe MS. 352. Wanting in MS.]

at he e mur[gh]e ne uor[gh]ete. Ac ar of enche and bi{}[gh]ete. An nime [gh]eme of chirche steuene. 345 Hu murie is e blisse of houene. Clerkes munekes [&] kanunes. ar bo os gode wicke tunes. Arise up to midel{}ni[gh]te. An singe of e houene li[gh]te. 350 An prostes upe londe singe. wane e li[gh]t of daie springe. An ich hom helpe wat i mai. . . . . . .

+e Nihtegale myd sweche worde. [f. 241r for monymo{n} myd speres orde. 355 haue lutle strenge. [&] mid his schelde. Ah naeles in one felde. urh belde worde [&] myd ilete. De his iuo for arehe swete. e wrenne for heo cue singe. 360 ar com i{n} are moreweninge. To helpe are nyhtegale. vor heo hadde stefne smale.

+e ni[gh]tegale mid swucche worde. [f. 245v for moniman mid speres orde. 355 haue lutle strence [&] mid his [s]chelde. Ah neoeles in one felde. {urh} belde worde an mid ilete. De his iuo for arehe swete. e wranne for heo cue singe. 360 ar com in are more[gh]e{n}[i]nge. To helpe are ni[gh]tegale. For ah heo hadde steuene smale.

[Linenote: 361. more [gh]eunge MS.]

heo hadde gode rote [&] schille. [&] fale mo{n}ne song a wille. 365 e wrenne wes wel wis iholde. vor eih heo nere ibred a wolde. heo wes itowen. am{on}g mankunne [&] hire wisdo{m} brouhte enne. heo myhte speke hwar heo wolde. 370 To{}fore e kinge ah heo scholde. luste heo que lete me speke. hwat wille ye. is pays to breke.

Heo hadde gode rote [&] schille. An fale manne song awille. 365 e wranne was wel wis iholde. 'Vor eg heo nere ibred awolde. Ho was ito[gh]en among menne. An hire wisdom brohte enne. Heo mi[gh]te speke hwar heo walde. 370 To{}uore e king ah heo scholde. Luste heo cwa late me speke. Hwat wulle [gh]e is pes to{}breke.

[Linenotes: 364. orte MS. 367.This line comes after l.378 in MS. 368.menne] mannɇne MS.]

[&] do an [kinge] such schome. yet nys heo nouer ded ne lome. 375 hunke schal i{}tyde harm [&] schonde. If we do gry{}bruche on his lond{e}. Lete beo and beo isome. [&] fare riht to eure dome. [&] lete do{m} is playd to breke. 380 Al{}so hit wes erure bi{}speke.

[Linenote: 374. an kinge] anne MS.]

An do an [kinge] swuch schame. [Gh]e[t] nis he nouer ded ne lame. 375 Hunke schal i{}tide harm [&] scho{n}de. [Gh]ef [gh]e do gri{}bruche on his londe. Late beo [&] beo isome. An fare riht to ower dome. [f. 245v An late dom is plaid to breke. 380 Al swo hit was erur bispeke.

[Linenote: 374.an kinge] anne MS.]

+I+ch vnne wel que e Nihtegale. Ah wrenne nouht for ine tale. Ac do for myre lauhfulnesse. Ic nolde at vnrihtfulnesse. 385 Me at en ende me ouercome. Ic nam of dred. of none dome. Bi{}hote ic habbe so hit is. at maẏster Nichole. [/] is wis. Bi{}twihen eu deme schulle. 390 [&] yet ic wene at he wulle.

+Ich an wel cwa e ni[gh]tegale. Ah wranne nawt for ire tale. Ah do for mire lahfulnesse. Ich nolde [/] unriht{}fulnesse. 385 Me at en ende ouer{}kome. Ich nam of{}drad of none dome. Bi{}hote ich habbe so hit is. at maister nichole [/] is wis. Bi{}tuxen vs deme schulde. 390 An [gh]ef ich wene [/] he wule.

Ah {w}ar myhte we hine fynde. [f. 241v e wrenne sat in hore lynde. hwat mihte yet qua heo his hom. heo wune at portes{}hom. 395 At one tune in dorsete. Bi are s in ore vt{}lete. ar he deme mony riht dom. [&] diht [&] wryt mony wisdom. [&] urh his mue. [&] urh his honde. 400 hit is e betere in{}to scotlonde.

Ah war mihte we hine finde. e wranne sat in ore linde. Hwat nu[gh]te [gh]e cwa heo his hom. He wune at portes{}hom. 395 At one tune ine dorsete. Bi ar{e} see in ore ut{}lete. ar he deme manie ri[gh]te dom. An diht [&] writ mani wisdom. An {urh} his mue [&] {urh} his honde. 400 Hit is e betere into scot{}londe.

To seche hyne. is lyhtlych ing. he naue buten o wunyng. [/] is biscopen muchel schame. [&] alle an [/] of his nome. 405 habbe iherd. [&] of his dede. hwi nulle hi nyme{n} heo{m} to rede. [/] he were myd heom ilome. vor teche heo{m} of his wisdome. [&] yeue him rente on vale stude. 410 [/] he myhte ilome heo{m} beo myde.

[Linenotes: 392. war] ar MS. 394. ḷyet MS.]

To seche hine is lihtlich ing. He naue bute one woning. [/] his bischopen muchel schame. An alle an [/] of his nome. 405 Habbe ihert. [&] of his dede. Hwi nulle hi nimen heo{m} to rede. [/] he were mid heom ilome. for teche heom of his wis{}dome. An [gh]iue him rente auale stude. 410 [/] he mi[gh]te heom ilome be mide.

[Linenote: 409. tḥeche MS.]

+C+ertes qua e vle. at is so. eos riche men Muchele mys{}do. at lete ane gode man. at of so fele inge can. 415 [&] yeue rente wel mislyche. [&] of him lete wel lyhtliche. wi heore kunne heo beo Mildre. [&] yeue rente lutle childre. so heore wit hi deme adwole. 420 [/] eu{er} abit Mayster Nichole. Ah vte we ah to him fare, vor at is vnk{er} dom al yare

+C+ertes cwa e hule [/] is so. eos riche men wel muche misdo. [f. 246v [/] lete ane godemon. [/] of so feole inge con. 415 An [gh]iue rente wel misliche. An of him lete wel lihtliche. wi heore cunne heo beo mildre. An [gh]eue rente litle childre. swo heore wit hi dem adwole. 420 [/] euer abid maistre nichole. Ah ute we ah to him fare. For ar is unker dom al [gh]are.

[Linenote: 413. _misdo_] _ corr. out of some other letter.]

+D+o we e Nihtegale seyde. Ah hwo schal vnk{er} speche rede. 425 [&] telle to{}vore vnker dome.

+D+o we e ni[gh]tegale seide. ah wa schal unker speche rede. 425 An telle to{}uore unker deme.

ar of ic schal e wel iqueme Que e vle. for al ende of orde. Telle ic con. word after worde. [f. 241v [&] if e ink at ic mis{}rempe. 430 u stond ayeyn and do me crempe. Mid isse worde for hi ferden. Al bute here and bute verde. To portes ham. er hi bicome. Ah hw heo spedde of heore dome. 435 Ne can ic eu namore telle. her nys namore of isse spelle. Explicit.

[Linenote: 435. hw heo sp on an erasure.]

+ar{}of ich schal e wel icweme. Cwa e houle for al ende of orde. Telle ich con word after worde. An [gh]ef e inc [/] ich mis{}rempe. 430 u stond a[gh]ei{n} [&] do me crempe. Mid isse worde for hi ferden. Al bute here and bute uerde. To portes{}ham [/] heo bi{}come. Ah hu heo spedde of heore dome. 435 Ne can ich eu namore telle. Her nis na more of is spelle.

[Linenotes: 431. dome MS. 436. chan MS.]



XXI. THE BESTIARY

[[MS description from Notes volume:

"Arundel 292, British Museum: on vellum, 200 130 mm.: late thirteenth century.... The Bestiary is written continuously, but the initials of the lines and, in the long metres, of the half lines are mostly rubricated.... Latin headings are in red, some are on the margin, the others at the head of their sections. As will be seen from the footnotes, the manuscript was much corrected or altered over erasures, and that after it was finished, for the substituted words do not always fill the gaps left by the scraper. The first leaves of the exemplar were probably damaged at the lower margin, since defective or difficult passages occur at regular intervals, so l. 32, ll. 89-92, 120, 121, 143, 144, 173, 200, 201."]]

[[Line indentations, including those of ll. 504-515, are as printed.]]

Na{tur}a leo{n}is i^a.

+e leun stant on hille . [&] he man hunten here. [f. 4r Oer urg his nese smel . Smake at he negge. Bi wilc weie so he wile . To dele nier wenden. Alle hise fet steppes . After him he fille. 5 Drage dust wi his stert . er he [dun] steppe. Oer dust oer deu . at he ne cunne is finden. driue dun to his den . ar he him bergen wille.

ij^a.

+An oer kinde he haue . wanne he is ikindled. 10 Stille li e leun . ne stire he nout of slepe. Til e sunne haue sinen . ries him abuten. anne reise his faer him . mit te rem at he make.

iij^a.

e ridde lage haue e leun . anne he lie to slepen. 15 Sal he neure luken . e lides of hise egen.

Significac{i}o p{ri}me nat{ur}e.

+Welle heg is tat hil . at is heuen{}riche. vre louerd is te leun . e liue er abuuen. wu o him likede . to ligten her on ere. 20 Migte neure diuel witen . og he be derne hunte. hu he dun come. Ne wu he dennede him . in at defte meiden. Marie bi name . e him bar to manne frame.

ij^a [&] iij^a. 25

+o ure drigten ded was. [&] doluen also his wille was. In a ston stille he lai. til it kam e dridde dai. His fader him filstnede swo. 30 at he ros fro dede o. vs to lif holden. wake so his wille is So hirde for his folde. He is hirde. we ben sep . Silden he us wille. If we heren to his word . at we ne gon nowor wille. 35

Natura aquile.

+Kien i wille e ernes kinde. Also ic it o boke rede. wu he newe his gu{}hede. hu he cume ut of elde. 40 Sien hise limes arn unwelde. Sien his bec is alto{}wrong. Sien his fligt is al unstrong. [f. 4v [&] his egen dimme. Here wu he newe him. 45 A welle he seke at sp{ri}nge ai. boe bi nigt [&] bi dai. er ouer he flege [&] up he te. til at he e heuene se. urg skies sexe [&] seuene. 50 til he cume to heuene. So rigt so he cunne. he houe in e sunne. e sunne swide al his fligt. [&] oc it make his egen brigt. 55 Hise feres fallen for e hete. [&] he dun mide to e wete. Falle i{n} at welle grund. er he wurde heil [&] sund. [&] cumed ut al newe. 60 Ne were his bec untrewe. His bec is get biforn wro{n}g. og hise limes senden strong. Ne maig he tilen him no{n} fode. him self to none gode. 65 anne go he to ston. [&] he bille er{}on. Bille til his bec biforn. haue e wrenge forloren. Sien wi his rigte bile. 70 take mete at he wile.

[Linenote: 64. maig on an erasure.]

Significacio.

+Al is man so is tis ern. wulde ge nu listen. Old in hise sinnes dern. 75 or he bicume cristen. [&] tus he newe hi{m} is man. a{n}ne he nime to kirke. Or he it bienken can. hise egen weren mirke. 80 Forsaket ore satanas. [&] ilk sinful dede. Take hi{m} to ih{es}u crist. for he sal ben his mede. Leue on ure loue[r]d crist. 85 [&] lere prestes lore. Of hise egen were e mist. wiles he drecche ore. His hope is al to godeward. [&] of his luue he lere. 90 at is te sunne sikerlike. us his sigte he bete. Naked falle in e funt{}fat. [&] cume ut al newe. buten alitel wat is tat. 95 his mu is get untrewe. His mu is get wel unku. wi pat{er} n{oste}r [&] crede. Fare he nor. er fare he su. leren he sal his nede. 100 bidden bone to gode. [&] tus his mu rigten. tilen him so e sowles fode urg {grace} off ure drigtin. [f. 5r

[Linenotes: 74. listlen MS. 77. corr. out of hu. is man anne he on an erasure. 80.This line in fainter brown ink. 83, 84.Take ... he on an erasure. 87.hise] i corr. out of p. 89, 90.is hope is ... luue on an erasure: l.90 originally began ha after luue a.]

Natura Serpe{n}tis. j^a. 105

An wirm is o werlde . wel man it knowe. Neddre is te name . us he him newe. anne he is forbroken [&] forbroiden . [&] in his elde al forwurden. Faste til his fel him slake . ten daies fulle. at he is lene [&] mainles [&] iuele mai gangen. 110 he c{re}pe cripelande for . his craft he us kie. Seke a ston at a irl is on. Narwe buten he nede him . Nime vnnees urg. for his fel he er lete . his fles for crepe. walke to e wat{er} ward . wile anne drinken. 115 Oc he spewe or al e uenim. at i{n} his brest is bred . fro his birde time. drinke sien inog . [&] tus he him newe.

[Linenote: 105. On an erasure.]

ij^a.

+anne e neddre is of his hid naked. 120 [&] bare of his brest atter. If he naked man se . ne wile he him nogt neggen. Oc he fle fro him . als he fro fir sulde. If he cloed man se cof he waxe. For up he rigte him redi to deren. 125 to deren er to ded maken if he it muge foren. wat if e man war wure . [&] weren him cunne. figte wi is wirm . [&] f[a]re on him figtande. is neddre sien he nede sal. make seld of his bodi . [&] silde his heued. 130 litel hi{m} is of hise limes . bute he lif holde.

[Linenote: 122. neggen] the initial n on an erasure MS.]

[Significacio.]

+Knov c{ri}stene man . wat tu c{ri}st higtest Atte kirke dure . ar u c{ri}stned were. u higtes to leuen on him . [&] hise lages luuien. 135 to helden wit herte . e bodes of holi k[i]rke. If u hauest is broken. Al u forbredes . forwures [&] forgelues. Eche lif to wolden . Elded art fro eche blis. So is wirm o werld is. 140 Newe e fordi . so e neddre do. It is te ned. Feste e of stedefastnesse . [&] ful of ewes. [&] help e poure men . e gangen abuten. [f. 5v Ne deme e nog[t] wurdi . at tu dure loken. 145 up to e heueneward. Oc walke wi e ere mildelike among men. no mod u ne cune . mod ne mannes vncost. oc swic of sineginge. [&] bote bid tu e ai . boe bi nigt [&] bi dai. 150 at tu milce mote hauen . of ine misdedes. is lif bitokne e sti. at te neddre gange bi. [&] tis is e irl of e ston. at tu salt urg gon. 155 Let in file fro e . so e wirm his fel do. Go u an to godes hus . e godspel to heren. at is soule dri{n}k . sinnes quenching. Oc or sei u in scrifte . to e prest sinnes tine. feg e us of i brest filde . [&] feste e forward. 160 fast at tin h{er}te . at tu firmest higtes. us art tu ging [&] newe. forward be u trewe. Nede e e deuel nogt . for he ne mai e deren nogt. oc he fle fro e . so neddre fro de nakede. 165 On e cloede e neddre is cof . [&] te deuel cliuer on sinnes. Ai e sinfule bisetten he wile. [&] wi al mankin he haue ni [&] win. wat if he leue haue of ure heuen louerd. 170 for to deren us . So he ure eldere or dede. do we e bodi in e bale . [&] bergen e soule. at is ure heued geuelic . helde we it wurlic.

[Linenote: 160. sege MS.]

Natura formice.

+e mire is magti . mikel ge swinke. 175 In sum{er} [&] i{n} softe weder . So we 'ofte sen hauen. In e heruest . hardilike gange. [&] renne rapelike . [&] reste hire seldum. [&] feche hire fode . er ge it mai finden. gaddre ilkines sed. 180 boen of wude [&] of wed. Of corn [&] of gres. at ire to hauen es. hale to hire 'hole . at sien hire helpe. ar ge wile ben winter agen. [f. 6r 185 caue ge haue to crepen in . at wint{er} hire ne derie. Mete i{n} hire hule at . at ge muge biliuen. us ge tile ar wiles ge time haue. so it her telle. oc finde ge e wete . corn at hire qweme. 190 Al ge forlete is oer se at ic er seide. Ne bit ge nowt de barlic beren abuten. oc sune it [&] sake for . so it same were. get is wund{er} of is wirm . more anne man wene. e corn at ge to caue bere . al get bit otwinne. 195 at it ne forwure . ne waxe hire fro. er ge it eten wille.

[Linenotes: 176. _ofte_ added in margin MS. 184. _hole_ added on lower margin MS. 188.Space before _ar_: _ rubricated and red afterwards erased MS.]

Significacio.

+e mire mune us mete to tilen. Long liuenoe is little wile. 200 e we on is werld wunen. for anne we of wenden . anne is ure wint{er}. we sulen hung{er} hauen . [&] harde sures. buten we ben war here. do we fori. so do is der . anne be we derue. 205 On at dai at dom sal ben . at it ne us harde rewe. Seke we ure liues fod . at we ben siker ere. So is wirm in wint{er} is . an ge ne tile nu{m}more. e mire sune e barlic anne ge fint te wete. e olde lage we ogen to sunen . e newe we hauen mote{n}. 210 e corn at ge to caue bere . all ge it bit otwinne. e lage us lere to don god . [&] forbede us sinne. It be{t} us e{rl}iche bodes . [&] bekned euelike. It fet e licham [&] te gost . oc nowt o geuelike. vre louerd c{ri}st it lene us at his lage us fede. 215 nu [&] o domesdei . [&] tanne we hauen nede.

[Linenotes: 211. e corn on an erasure. 213. ben MS. ebriche MS. 216.we on an erasure.]

Natura cerui.

+e hert haue kindes two. [&] forbisnes oc al so. us it is on boke set. 220 at man clepe fisiologet. He drage e neddre of de ston. urg his nese up on{}on. of e stoc er of e ston. for it wile erunder gon. 225 [&] swele it wel swie. erof him brinne sien. of at attrie ing. wiinnen he haue brenni{n}g. [f. 6v he lepe anne wi mikel list. 230 of swet wat{er} he haue rist. he drinke wat{er} gredilike. til he is ful wel sikerlike. Ne haue at uenim no{n} migt. to deren him sien no{n} wigt. 235 oc he werpe er hise hornes. in wude er in ornes. [&] gingid him us is wilde der. So ge hauen nu lered her.

[Linenote: 236. er on an erasure.]

Significac{i}o. prima. 240

+Alle we atter dragen off ure eldere. e broken drigtinnes word{}urg e neddre. er{}urg haue mankin. boen ni [&] win. {g}olsipe. [&] giscing. 245 giu{er}nesse [&] wissing. p{ri}de [&] ouerwene. swilc atter i{}mene. Ofte we brennen i{n} mod. [&] wurden so we weren wod. 250 anne we us brennen. bihoue us to rennen. to c{ri}stes quike welle. at we ne gon to helle. drinken his wissing. 255 it quenchet ilc siniging. forwerpen p{ri}de euril[c] del. so hert do hise hornes. gingen us tus to godeward. [&] gemen us sien forwar. 260

[Linenotes: 244. After win, a letter erased. 245.kolsipe, with i on an erasure. 256.ilc siniging on an erasure.]

Nat{ur}a. ij^a.

e hertes hauen anoer kinde. at us og alle to ben minde. Alle he arn off one mode. For if he fer fetchen fode. 265 [&] he ouer wat{e}r ten. wile non at nede oer flen. Oc on swimme bi{}forn. [&] alle e odre folegen. weer so he swimme er he wade 270 Is no{n} at nede at oer late. Oc leige his ski{n}bon. on ores lendbon. gef him at biforn te. Bilimpes for to tirgen. 275 Alle e ore cumen mide. [&] helpen him for to her[t]ien. beren him of at wat{er} grund up to e lond al heil [&] sund. [&] foren here nede. 280 is wune he hauen hem bi{}twen og he an hundred to giddre ben.

[Linenote: 277. herien MS.]

Signific{acio}. ij^a.

+e hertes costes we ogen to munen. Ne og ur non oer to sunen. 285 oc eurilc luuen oer. also he were his broder. wuren stedefast his wine. [f. 7r ligten him of his birdene. helpen him at his nede. 290 god giue er{}fore mede. we sulen hauen heuenriche. gef we b{i}{}twixen us ben briche. us is ure louerdes lage luuelike to fillen. her of haue we mikel ned . at we ar{}wi ne dillen. 295

[Linenotes: 285. to sunen on an erasure. 293. ben twixen MS.]

Natura Wulpis.

+A wilde der is . at is ful of fele wiles. fox is hire to name . for hire quesipe. husebondes hire haten . for hire harm dedes. e coc [&] te capun. 300 ge fecche ofte in e tun. [&] te gandre [&] te gos. bi e necke [&] bi e nos. hale is to hire hole . for{}i man hire hatie. hatien [&] hulen . boe men [&] fules. 305 Listne nu a wund{er} . at tis der do for hunger. go o felde to a furg . [&] falle ar{}inne. In eried lond er in erchine . forto bilirten fugeles. Ne stere ge nogt of e stede a god stund deies. oc dare so ge ded were . Ne drage ge no{n} onde. 310 e rauen is swie redi . wene at ge rotie. [&] ore fules hire fallen bi . For to winnen fode. derflike wiuten dred . he wenen at ge ded be. he wullen on if foxes fel . [&] ge it wel fele. ligtlike ge lepe up . [&] lette hem sone. 315 gelt hem here billing rae wi illing. tetogge [&] tetire hem . mid hire te sarpe. Fret hire fille. [&] go an er ge wille. 320

[Linenotes: 300. e coc on an erasure. 304. e is to on an erasure. 308.erchine] erc on an erasure. 313.derflike] derfli on an erasure.]

Significac{i}o.

+Twifold forbisne in is der. to frame we mugen finden her. warsipe [&] wisedom. wi deuel [&] wi iuel man. 325 e deuel dere dernelike. he lat he ne wile us nogt biswike. he lat he ne wile us on non lo. [&] bringe us in a sinne. [&] ter he us slo. he bit us don ure bukes wille. 330 Eten [&] dri{n}ken wi unskil. [&] in ure skemti{n}g. he do rae a foxing. He bille one e foxes fel. [f. 7v wo so telle idel spel. 335 [&] he tire on his ket. wo so him wi sinne fet. [&] deuel geld swilk billing. wi same [&] wi sending. [&] for his sinfule werk. 340 lede man to helle merk.

Signific{aci}o.

+e deuel is tus e [fox] ilik. mi iuele breides [&] wi swik. [&] man al{}so e foxes name. 345 arn wuri to hauen same. for wo 'so seie oer god. [&] enke iuel on his mod. fox he is [&] fend iwis. e boc ne lege nogt of is. 350 So was herodes fox [&] flerd. o c{ri}st kam i{n}{}to is middel{}erd. he seide he wulde him leuen on. [&] ogte he wulde him fordon.

[Linenotes: 346. _wuri_] _ corr. out of another letter. 347._so_ added in margin. 354. _e wulde_ on an erasure.]

Nat{ur}a {a}ran. 355

+Seftes sop ure seppande . sene 'is on werlde. leie [&] lodlike . us we it leuen. man'ikines ing. alle manne to wissi{n}g. e spinn{er}e on hire [webbe] swid[e] ge weve. 360 feste atte hus rof . hire fodredes. o rof er on ouese . so hire is on elde. werpe us hire web . [&] weue on hire wise. anne ge it haue al idigt . een ge driue. hitt hire i{n} hire hole . oc ai ge it biholde. 365 til at er fleges faren . [&] fallen er{}inne. wieren in at web . [&] wilen ut wenden. anne renne ge rapelike . for ge is ai redi. nime anon to e net . [&] nime hem ere. bitterlike ge hem bit . [&] here bane wure. 370 drepe [&] drinke here blod. do ge hire no{n} oer god. bute fret hire fille [&] dare sien stille.

[Linenotes: 355. iran MS. 357.loldike MS: after we erasure of one letter. 360.spinnere] inne on an erasure. weve] ve on an erasure. 361.fo dredes MS. 363.werpe] pe on an erasure.]

Significacio. 375

+is wirm bitokne e man . at oer bi'swike. on stede er on stalle . stille er lude. in mot er in market . er oni oer wise. he him bit . an he him bale selle. [&] he drinke his blod . wanne he him dreue. 380 [&] o fr'ete hem al . an he him iuel werke.

[Linenotes: 376. biswike] ke on an erasure. 379.him: him both corr. out of hem. 380.his on an erasure: him corr. out of hem. 381.frete] first e added by rubricator.]

Natura cetegrandie.

+Cethegrande is a fis. e moste at in wat{er} is. at tu wuldest seien get. [f. 8r 385 gef u it soge wan it flet. at it were neilond at sete 'one e se sond. is fis at is vnride. anne him hungre he gape wide. 390 vt of his rote it smit an onde. e swetteste ing at is o londe. er{}fore ore fisses to him dragen. wan he it felen he aren fagen. he cumen [&] houen in his mu. 395 of his swike he arn uncu. is cete anne hise chaueles luke. ise fisses alle in suke. e smale he wile us biswiken. e grete maig he nogt bigripen. 400 is fis wune wi e se gru{n}d. [&] liue er eure heil [&] sund. til it cume e time. at storm stire al e se. anne sum{er} [&] wint{er} winnen. 405 ne mai it wunen er{}inne. So droui is te sees grund. ne mai he wunen er at stund. oc stire up [&] houe stille. wiles a{t} weder is so ille. 410 e sipes at arn on se fordriuen. lo hem is ded [&] lef to liuen. biloken hem [&] sen is fis aneilond he wenen it is. er{}of he aren swie fagen. 415 [&] mid here migt ar{}to he dragen. sipes on festen. [&] alle up gangen. Of ston mid stel in e tunder. wel to brennen one is wunder. 420 warmen hem wel [&] heten [&] drinken. e fir he fele [&] do hem sinken. for sone he diue dun to grunde. he drepe hem alle wi{}uten wunde.

[Linenotes: 388. _one_ substituted in margin for _o_ deleted in text. 390.Before _him_, _him_ deleted by rubricator. 397._anne_] _ corr. out of _d_ by rubricator. 410._ar_ MS. 411._fordriuen_] _driuen_ on an erasure. 416._here_] _re_ on an erasure. 423, 4._diue ... wunde_ on an erasure.]

Signific{aci}o. 425

+is deuel is mikel wi wil [&] magt. So witches hauen in here craft. He do men hungren [&] hauen rist. [&] mani oer sinful list. tolle men to him wi his onde 430 wo so him folege he finde sonde. o arn e little. in leue lage. e mikle ne maig he to him dragen. e mikle. i mene e stedefast. in rigte leue. mid fles [&] gast. 435 wo so listne deueles lore. on lenge it sal him rewen sore. wo so feste hope on him. he sal him folgen to helle dim.

Natura Sirene. [f. 8v 440

+In e se senden selcues manie. e mereman is a meiden ilike. on brest [&] on bodi . oc al us ge is bunden. fro e noule nierward . ne is ge no man like. oc fis to fuliwis mid finnes waxen. 445 is wunder wune in wankel stede. er e water sinke. sipes ge sinke . [&] scae us werke. mirie ge{}singe is mere . [&] haue manie stefnes. manie [&] sille. oc it ben wel ille. 450 sipmen here steringe forgeten . for hire stefninge. flumeren [&] slepen. [&] to late waken. e sipes sinken mitte suk. ne cumen he nummor up. 455 Oc wise me{n} [&] warre. agen cunen chare. ofte arn atbrosten . mid he[re] brest ouel. he hauen herd told of is mere . at tus unie{}mete. half man [&] half fis. 460 sum ing tokne bi is.

[Linenotes: 443. al ... bunden on an erasure. 451.sipmen here on an erasure.]

Significacio.

+Fele men hauen e tokni{n}g. of is forbisnede i[n]g. wi{}uten weren wulues fel. 465 wiinnen arn he wulues al. he speken godcundhede. [&] wikke is here dede. here dede is al vncu. wi at speke here mu. 470 twifold arn on mode. he sweren bi e rode. bi e sunne [&] bi e mone. [&] he e legen sone. mid here sage [&] mid here song. 475 he e swiken er imong. in agte wi swiking i soule wi lesing.

[Linenote: 465. wulues] w corr. out of p.]

Nat{ur}a elephantis.

+Elpes arn in Inde riche. 480 on bodi borlic berges ilike. he to{}gaddre gon o wolde so sep at cumen ut of folde. [&] behinden. he hem sampnen. anne he sulen ore strenen. 485 Oc he arn so kolde of kinde. at no golsipe is hem minde. til he noten of a gres. e name is mandragores. Sien he bigeten on. 490 [&] two ger he er{}mide gon. og he re hundred ger. on werlde more wuneden her. bigeten he neuermor non. [f. 9r so kold is hem sien blod [&] bon. 495 anne ge sal hire kindles beren. In water ge sal stonden. In wat{er} to mid side. at wanne hire harde tide. at ge ne falle nier nogt. 500 at is most in hire ogt. For he ne hauen no li. at he mugen risen wi. Hu he reste him is der. anne he walke wide. 505 herkne wu it telle her. for he is al unride. A tre he seke to fuligewis. at is strong [&] stedefast is. [&] lene him trostl[i]ke er{}bi. 510 anne he is of walke weri. e hunte haue biholden is. e hi{m} wille swiken. wor his beste wune is. to don hise willen. 515 Sage is tre [&] under set. o e wise at he mai bet. [&] hile it wel at he it nes war anne he make er{}to char. him seluen sit olon bihalt. 520 weer his gin him out biwalt. anne cume is elp unride. [&] lene him up on his side. slepe bi e tre in e sadue. [&] fallen boden so to{}gaddre. 525 gef er is noman anne he falle. he reme [&] helpe calle. reme reufulike on his wise. hope he sal urg helpe 'risen. anne cume er on gangande. 530 hope he sal him don ut standen. Fike [&] fonde al his migt. ne mai he it foren no wigt. Ne canne an no{n} oer. 'oc reme mid his broer. 535 manie [&] mikle cume er 'secande. wenen him on stalle maken. oc for e helpe of hem alle. ne mai he cumen so on stalle. anne remen he alle a rem. 540 so hornes blast. oer belles drem. For here mikle remi{n}g. rennande cume a gungling. rae to him lute. his snute him under pute. 545 [&] mitte helpe of hem alle. is elp he reisen on stalle. [&] tus atbrested is huntes breid. [f. 9v oe wise at ic haue gu seid.

[Linenotes: 521. biwarlt MS. 529. risen] sisen MS., ri in margin. 535.oc] o MS., oc in margin. 536.sacande MS., se in margin.]

[Headnote: Parvulus Natus Est Nobis]

significac{i}o. 550

+us fel adam urg a tre. vre firste fader at fele we. Moẏses wulde him reisen. migte it no wigt foren. After him p{ro}phetes alle. 555 migte her non him maken on stalle. on stalle iseie. er he er stod. to hauen heuenriche god. He suggeden [&] sorgeden. [&] weren i{n} ogt. wu he migten him helpen ovt. 560 o remeden he alle onder steuene. alle hege up to e heuene. for here care. [&] here calling. hem cam to c{ri}st heuen king. he e is ai in heuene mikel. 565 wur her man [&] tus was litel. drowing olede in ure manhede [&] tus adam 'he under{}gede. reisede him up [&] 'al man{}kin. at was fallen to helle dim. 570

[Linenotes: 552. firste] fir on an erasure. 567.him in margin MS. 568.he added in margin MS. 569.al added in margin MS.]

Natura turturis.

+In boke is e turtres lif . writen o rime wu lagelike . ge holde luue al hire lif time. gef ge ones make haue . fro him ne wile ge sien. mune wimmen hire lif . ic it wile gu reden. 575 bi hire make ge sit onigt . o dei ge go [&] flege. wo so seit he sundren ovt . i seie at he lege. Oc if hire make were ded [&] ge widue wore. anne flege ge one [&] fare . non oer wile ge more. buten ne go . [&] one sit. 580 [&] hire olde luue abit. In h{er}te haue hi{m} nigt [&] dai. so he were oliue ai.

Significac{i}o.

+List ilk le{f}ful man her to . [&] herof ofte reche. 585 vre sowle atte kirke dure . ches hire c{ri}st to meche. he is ure soule spuse luue we him wi migte. [&] wende we neure fro hi{m}{}ward . be dai ne be nigte. og he be fro ure sigte faren be we him alle trewe. no{n} oer louerd ne leue we . ne non luue newe. [f. 10r 590 leue we at he liue ai up on heuen{}riche. [&] een he sal cumen eft . [&] ben us alle briche. for to demen alle men . oc nout on geuelike. hise loe men sulen to helle faren . hise leue to his riche.

[Linenotes: 585. lesful MS. 593. to demen on an erasure.]

Natura pantere. 595

+Panter is an wilde der. Is non fairere on werlde her. he is blac so bro of qual. mi wite spottes sawen al. wit [&] trendled als a wel. 600 [&] 'itt bicume him swie wel. wor so he wune is panter. he fede him al mid oer der. of o e he wile he nime e cul. [&] fet him wel til he is ful. 605 In his hole sien stille. re dages he slepen wille. an after e ridde dai. he rise [&] reme lude so he mai. ut of his rote cume asmel. 610 mid his rem for oueral. at ouer{}cume haliweie. wi swetnesse. [ic] it gu seie [&] al at eure smelle swete. be it drie be it wete. 615 For e swetnesse off his onde. wor so he walke o londe. wor so he walked. er wor so he wune. Ilk der e him here to him cume. [&] folege him up one e wold. 620 for e swetnesse e ic gu haue told. e dragunes one ne stiren nout. wiles te pant{er} reme ogt. oc daren stille in here pit. als so he weren of dede offrigt. 625

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