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Psychology - A Study Of Mental Life
by Robert S. Woodworth
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Envy, 166, 168

Equilibrium, 65

Errors, 446-459, 467

Escape tendency, 142-144, 489, 498-499

Esthetics, 443-444, 457-458

Euphoria, 120, 151

Excitement, 126

Exercise, effect of, 297-298; law of, 389-391, 393-394, 413-415

Experiment in psychology, 12-15, 93, 302, 333

Explanation, 471-472

Exploration, 154-157, 244, 249-252, 258, 288, 305, 421, 462-465, 470

Expressive movements, 126-128

Eye, 32, 34-35, 62, 191, 198-196; movements of, 249-251



Facilitation, 54-55, 78, 83-85, 248, 257, 263, 382-385, 413-414, 417

Factors, in attention, 245-248, 259; in intelligence, 285-288; in memorizing, 345-346; in personality, 553-555; in recall, 379, 382

Faculties, 523

Fallacy, 467-468, 479

Father complex, 606

Fatigue, 73-74, 119, 123, 145, 151

Fear, 125-126, 129-133, 142-144, 153, 303-304, 489, 497-498, 504, 513, 516, 539-540; abnormal, 133, 497-498

Feeble-mindedness, 275, 290-292, 446

Feeling, 172-185; of activity, 45-46; of excitement, 126, 184-185; of familiarity, 185, 357-360; of readiness, 75, 383; of tension, 78-79, 184-185

Feeling-tone, 174-176, 178, 180-181

Feleky, 136

Fernald, 388

Fiction, 512-513

Fighting, 158-161

Fissures of the brain, 50

Fixation, 298

Fluctuation of attention, 254-255

Flying, 93

Forgetting, 349-353, 415

Forgotten name, 356, 563-564

Fovea, 193, 211, 226

Free association, 376, 504, 507; test, 380

Frequency, 379, 390, 433

Freshmen, intelligence of, 279-281

Freud, 505-508, 522, 566-569, 571



Galton, 368, 388

Gamble, 243

Games, 487

Gates, 339, 365

General psychology, 4-5

Genetic method, 15-16, 90

Genius, 99

Glands, 25, 122-124, 303

Gliding dream, 503

Golden section, 444

Gray matter, 35-36, 50-52, 56, 61-62

Gregariousness, 110, 146-147

Group tests, 276-277



Habit, 89, 112-114, 157, 247-248, 260, 328-329, 381

Hallucination, 375-376, 501, 547

Hart, 571

Harter, 321

Hearing, 50, 59-60, 62, 228-235, 439-440

Helmholtz, 220, 234, 475

Helplessness, 144, 149

Henning, 203, 243

Herd instinct, 110, 146-147

Heredity, 91, 98, 100-101, 118, 289-292

Hering, 220-221

Hero, worship, 168; conquering and suffering, 494-496, 509

Herrick, 44, 67

Hesitancy, 530

Hicks, 306, 314

Higher units, 323-326, 334, 410-412

Hollingworth, 20, 104, 243

Homing, 78, 146

Humor, theories of, 157-168

Hunger, 79-81, 120, 140-141, 204

Hunter, 88, 295

Hunting instinct, 72, 78, 140-141

Hypnosis, 349, 547-548

Hypothesis, 473-475



Ideomotor action, 527-528

Illusion, 424, 450-459, 500, 547

Imageless thought, 374

Imagery, mental, 368-376, 499-500; in perception, 425-427; types, 370

Imagination, 481-520, 525

Imitation, 319, 486

Impulse, 132-135, 155, 167, 177, 299, 524-525, 539

Incentives, 541-546

Incidental memory, 346-348, 397

Independence, 163-164

Individual, 91

Individual psychology, see Differential psychology

Induction, 374-375

Inference, 465-468, 475-476, 479

Inferiority, sense of, 166, 168, 496, 510, 555

Inheritance of acquired traits, 113-114

Inhibition, 25, 54-55, 78, 83-84, 122-125, 248, 257, 263, 314, 382, 384, 429-430, 528, 540

Initiative, 545

Insane, 269, 508-609

Insight in learning, 316-320

Instinct, 105-116, 137-169, 179, 181, 488-489, 492, 513, 554; criteria of, 92, 97, 138; and emotion, 134-135; modification of, 299-301

Integration, 558-561

Intelligence, 90-91, 271-293, 538, 555; tests of, 3, 272-277, 281-283

Intelligence quotient, 274-275, 289-290

Intensity of sensation, 206; of reaction, 379, 391, 433

Interest, 181-184, 248, 257-259

Interference, 355-356

Internal secretions, 122-123, 554

Intra-uterine life, 90-92

Introspection, 10-11, 19

Invalidism, 546

Invention, 421, 475, 484, 485, 509-512, 517, 619

"IQ," 274-275

Isolation, 431-432, 435-437, 455-459, 468,479



James, 117, 129, 136, 331, 365, 418, 480, 511, 551, 561, 571

James-Lange theory, 128-130

Janet, 569, 571

Jastrow, 571

Jennings, 88

Jost, 342

Judd, 461

Judgment, 550

Jung, 388, 569



Kimmins, 522

Kinesthesis, 240

Koenig, 217



Ladd, 44

Ladd-Franklin, 221-224, 243, 453

Lange, 129

Lashley, 88

Laughter, 157-168, 161

Law, of advantage, 256; of association, 394-398; of attention, 256, 262-263, 267; of combination, 263-264, 398-417; of effect, 391-393; of exercise, 389-391, 393-394; of habit, 389; of reaction, 256, 262-263, 267; of selection, 256, 262, 378, 382; of shifting, 256, 263; of tendency, 81, 263

Learning, 93-94, 96, 99, 112, 113, 143-144, 296-329; laws of, 389-417, 433

Libido, 507

Light, 212-213

Likes and dislikes, 178-184, 291, 492-493, 513

Linkage, see Attachment

Lobes of the brain, 50

Local sign, 440-441

Locomotion, 93-97, 99, 152-153, 486

Logic, 475-476

Love, 535

Loyalty, 169, 531



Make-believe, 482-483, 508

Management, of action, 541-546; of attention, 267-268; of memory, 338-346, 353, 356, 360-363; of reasoning, 478-479

Manipulation, 154, 315, 481-483

Massed learning, 341-343, 345

Mastery impulse, see Self-assertion

Martin, 28

Mathematics, liking for, 181-182

Mating instinct, 97, 116, 147-148

Maturing, 92, 96

Maury, 501

Maze learning, 305-308, 318-314

McDougall, 136, 171, 418, 551

Meaning, 421, 482-483

Median, 280

Memorizing, 333-346, 360-363

Memory, 332-363

Memory colors, 426

Mental action, 6-7, 45-47

Mental age, 273-274

Mental set, 72, 382-385, 413-414, 417, 433, 452

Mental work, 384

Methods of psychology, 9-16

Mnemonic systems, 363

Modification of reactions, 297-299

Moll, 551

Morale, 543-545

Morgan, 270

Mother complex, 506

Mother instinct, 148-150, 159, 161

Motive, 69, 72, 84-85, 137, 257-258, 469-473, 487-499, 501-510, 513-517, 528-546, 565-570

Motor, area, 50-54; centers, 50-59, 65, 66; nerve, 27, 30-33, 36-37, 39, 50, 52-53

Movement, expressive, 126-128; reflex, 24-26; skilled, 55-59, 268, 321-326, 410-412; voluntary, 53-55, 298

Moving pictures, 454

Mueller-Lyer illusion, 455-456, 459

Muensterberg, 265, 571

Muscle sense, 225, 238-240

Music, 235; liking for, 182-183, 291

Music deafness, 60

Native traits, 89-102, 297

Negative adaptation, 302-303, 310, 312, 413

Nerve, 26, 30, 32; autonomic, 124-125; cell, 31-36, 51, 414; center, 26, 29-30, 49-66, 76, 82-84, 96, 107, 125, 293; fiber, 32

Nervous system, 27-29, 32, 41, 124

Nesting, 105, 110-112

Neurone, 32-36, 51, 61, 346, 414-417

Newton, 212

Nicoll, 522

Nightmare, 504

Noise, 231, 236

Nonsense syllables, 334

Non-sensory recall, 373-375

Norsworthy, 20, 104, 522



Object blindness, 62

Objective observation in psychology, 9, 11-13

Observation, 267; learning by, 317-320, 333-337, 348, 367-375

Obstruction, 162-163, 177, 534-559

Organic needs, responses to, 139-145

Organic sensations, 119-120, 128, 204

Organic state, 72-74, 79, 82, 119-126, 132-133, 175-176

Original nature, 91, 92, 98

Organization of the individual, 527, 529, 532, 558

Otolith, 192, 238

Overlapping, 324-325, 412

Overtones, 230, 438



Pain, 173, 198-201

Paired associates, 336, 347, 404

Paralysis, 57, 547

Parental instinct, 148-150

Parsons, 243

Path, auditory, 62; motor, 51-53, 62; tactile, 62, 64

Pathological method, 16

Patterns, 204-205

Pechstein, 344

Perception, 45, 60, 62-63, 65-66, 419-459, 462, 465, 468, 475-476, 479, 520

Performance tests, 275-276

Perseveration, 355

Personality, 552-570

Perspective, 435, 441-442, 453-454

Phrenology, 52, 65, 293

Physiognomy, 445-446

Physiological limit, 321

Physiology, 6-7

Physique, 553

Piano theory of hearing, 234-235

Pieron, 342

Pillsbury, 270, 295

Pintner, 295

Pitch, 229-230, 450

Place associations, 304, 305, 315, 333

Plan, 483, 493, 539-540

Plateau, 322

Play, 139, 148, 151-152, 160, 485-499, 504-505, 517

Pleasantness and unpleasantness, 173-180, 184-185

Poffenberger, 20, 104, 243

Poggendorf illusion, 457, 459

Practice, 177, 298, 304-310, 314-317, 321-327, 360-363, 433, 538; curve, 307, 316, 321, 325, 390, 542

Preparation for action, 22-25, 72, 74-77, 427-430

Preparatory reactions, 77-84, 111-112, 125-128, 132, 139-140, 145, 147

Prestige, 549

Prince, 559, 564, 569, 571

Problem solution, 385, 465, 469-470, 477, 514

Proofreader's illusion, 453

Protozoa, 39-40, 188, 302

Psychiatry, 16

Psychoanalysis, 505-508, 521, 533, 567-669

Psychology, definition of, 1-2, 5-8, 17-18; methods of, 9-16; varieties, 2-6

Psychopathology, 16, 498, 540-541, 545-550, 567, 569

Punishment, 304-305

Purpose, 69-71, 75, 78, 524-527, 542

Puzzle experiment, 308-310, 315-319, 463-464

Pyle, 343

Pyramid cells, 51, 52, 61

Pyramidal tract, 52-55, 57, 62



Random activity, 151-152

Rationalization, 470-471, 531

Raynor, 331

Reaction, 22-26, 39-41, 45-49, 65-66, 68, 75, 84, 256, 262-263, 266, 423, 428; acquired, 89-90, 94, 99-102; delayed, 76-77, 429; native, 89-102; preparatory, 77-84, 111-112, 125-128, 132; time, 22-24, 75, 424

Reading, 250-251, 258, 262, 267-268, 384, 427, 453, 512-513

Reaney, 522

Reasoning, 320, 422, 462-479, 520; in animals, 310, 317-318, 463-464

Recall, 354-356, 366-385, 413, 422, 469-471, 500, 519, 563

Recency, 345, 356, 379, 390, 433, 511, 563

Recitation in memorizing, 339-341

Recognition, 187, 357-360

Red-green blindness, 210

Reflex, 24-26, 53, 107-109, 256, 297; conditioned, 303-304; control of, 54-55; arc, 26-30, 34, 36-37; centers, 30, 53

Relationships, response to, 286-287, 317, 320, 333-336, 345, 404-405, 432, 467-468, 520

Relief, 79, 84

Reproduction, instinct of, 116

Respiration, 37, 55, 141, 176, 527

Response by analogy, 405-406, 435, 452-455

Restlessness, 78-79, 112

Retention, 286, 302, 349-353, 360, 562

Retina, 191, 193, 195, 210-211, 233, 441-442

Revery, 376-380

Ribot, 571

Rivalry, 165-166, 474, 489, 543; binocular, 253-254

Robinson, 522

Rods, 191, 226

Rotation, sense of, 236-238

Rosanoff, 20

Rote learning, 333, 337

Royce, 522

Ruger, 316

Sanford, 252

Satisfaction, 79, 84, 109-110, 132, 472, 487-499, 501-510, 513-517, 533-535, 540

Saturation of colors, 207-208, 213-214, 217

Scatter, 23, 273, 298, 448

Schopenhauer, 565

Science, 3-4, 473-475; liking for, 181-182

Scott, 93, 551

Seashore, 295

Secondary personality, 559-561, 564

Selection, 256, 262. 378, 382

Self, 428, 555-558

Self-activity, 46-47

Self-assertion, 158, 161-169, 181, 183, 258-259, 287, 472-478, 489-496, 502-503, 508, 513, 515-516, 531, 536-537, 545-546, 549, 556-558

Self-criticism, 509-511

Selfishness, 557

Self-preservation, 115-116, 507

Semicircular canal, 192, 194, 195, 225, 236-238, 486

Sensation, 6, 19, 46, 60, 62-64, 120, 187-240; and feeling, 173-174; feeling-tone of, 174-175; and perception, 423-425; recall of, 368-376

Sense, cells, 189-192; organs, 188-196, 199-200, 236-239, 249; perception, 421-422

Sensory, nerve, 27, 30, 32-34, 36-38, 188-189, 191, 193, 196, 239-240; areas, 50, 59-66, 423

Setting of an object, 358

Sex, attraction, 97, 116, 125, 147-148, 488, 507-508, 534-535; differences, 281

Sex differences, 281

Shame, 166, 168

Shell shock, 504

Shifting of attention, 251-256

Short-circuiting in the process of learning, 338, 405, 568

Shyness, 166

Sight, 32, 34-35, 62, 191, 193-195, 204-228, 231-234, 441-443

Sign and meaning, 421, 437-446

Signal experiment, 304-305, 312

Similarity, association by, 395-396, 405-408

Size-weight illusion, 459-460

Skill, 55-59, 268, 282, 348, 352, 410-412, 428, 482, 488

Skin senses, 197-201, 224, 440, 451

Sleep, 145, 499-500

Smell, 29, 32, 62, 63, 190, 201, 203-204, 224

Snyder, 343

Sociability, 181, 183-184, 489, 492

Social, behavior, 145-151, 510. 552, 558-559; perception, 444-446, 512, 555

Sociology, 5

Song of birds, 98-94

Sound, 228-231

Space, 439-443

Spaced repetition In learning, 341-343, 345, 390

Spaulding, 93

Span of attention, 261-262

Speech, 6, 60, 94, 98, 113, 154, 325, 402-403, 416; centers, 57-62

Spinal cord, 29-33, 50, 52, 55, 64

Spite, 507

Staircase figure, 253

Starch, Daniel, 20, 331

Starr, 56

Statistical measures, 14-15, 280, 283-285

Stereoscope, 254, 442

Stiles, 44, 67

Stimulus, 22, 24, 26-27, 34, 40-41, 46-49, 188, 484-486, 500-501; central, 48-49, 368, 371, 422, 468, 500, 528; internal, 41, 47, 79, 119, 128, 132

Story-telling, 482-483

Straining, 162-163

Strong, 246, 351

Struggle for existence, 114

Subconscious minds, 563-564

Sublimation, 533-535

Submissive tendency, 166-169, 287, 516, 549

Substitute, response, 299-301, 305, 311, 328, 400, 409-413, 430, 436-437, 498-499, 533; stimulus, 298, 300, 303, 311, 368, 371-372, 376, 400-409, 416, 434, 568

Suggestion, 546-650

Suppression, 505-508, 533, 566-567

Surprise, 155

Survival value, 114, 139, 148, 151, 160

Survivals, 127

Sustained attention, 257-260

Syllogism, 476-479

Symbols, 383, 468, 505-507

Symmetry, 444

Synapse, 34-35, 96, 414-416

Synesthesia, 376



Tact, 555

Taste, 189-190, 201-208, 224

Taussig, 522

Telegraphy, learning of, 321-323

Temperament, 553-554

Temperature, responses, 141-142; sense, 197-201, 224-225

Tendency, 68-85, 109-112, 116, 130-135, 137-169, 177, 257, 263, 299-301, 309, 348, 367, 382, 392-393, 408-409, 417, 483-499, 501-510, 512-516, 528-546, 561

Terman, 272, 296

Testimony, 347, 352, 397

Tests, 3, 12, 14, 272-277, 281-283, 548

Thalamus, 56, 62, 64-65, 178

Thinking, 48-49, 319-320

Third dimension, 441-443

Thirst, 79-81, 120-121, 139-140, 179

Thorndike, 20, 104, 171, 331, 418

Thought and action, 539-541

Thrill, 489, 498-499

Thyroid gland, 123, 554

Timbre, 231

Time, 438-439, 447

Titchener, 186, 242, 270, 461

Touch, 50, 62, 63, 197-201; spots, 198

Toys, 486-497

Training of memory, 360-363

Traits, native and acquired, 89-102

Transfer, 316-317, 361-362

Trial and error, 112, 305, 309, 311, 313, 315, 335, 392, 409, 424, 426, 430, 462-465, 526

Typewriting, learning of, 324-325, 411-412, 518, 525-526, 537



Unconscious, activity, 265-266, 383-384, 506-508, 525-526, 562-565; emotion, 118-119; feeling, 172; motive, 565-569; retention, 348-349, 562

Unintentional learning, 346-348

Utility, of emotion, 125-127; of instinct, 114, 144-145; of reflexes, 125

Vacillation, 530

Variability, 23, 273, 298, 369, 447-448

Verification of hypotheses, 473-475

Visual, area, 62; images, 370; perception, 441-443, 450; sensations, 204-228, 231-234

Visualist, 370

Vocalization, 93-94, 154

Voluntary action, 298, 524-528

Vowels, 231

Walking, 95-97, 99, 153

Warming-up, 74, 119-120, 343, 391

Warren, 171, 242, 418, 461

Washburn, 19, 88, 331

Watson, 20, 88, 117, 171, 307, 308, 331, 571

Watt, 243

Weber's law, 449-450

Weight, perception of, 448-450, 459-460

Wells, 571

Whipple, 295, 365

White matter, 32, 35-36, 56, 62

Whitley, 20, 104, 522

Whole and part study, 343-346

Will, 523-550; to learn, 346-348; to live, 565

Wish, 496-497, 501-509, 565

Word blindness, 62; deafness, 59

Worry, 497-499

Wundt, 184

Yerkes, 104, 295

Young, 220

Youth, 147, 164, 495, 519

Zoellner illusion, 459

THE END

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