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Personal Recollections of Birmingham and Birmingham Men
by E. Edwards
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JOHN SMITH, SOLICITOR

Everybody in Birmingham knew "Jack Smith, the lawyer." It was something worth remembering to see him drive up New Street in the morning on his way to his office. Everything about his equipage was in keeping. The really beautiful pair of ponies; the elaborate silver-trimmed brown harness; the delicate ivory-handled whip; the elegant little carriage; the smart boy-groom behind; and the radiant owner in front. Most carefully, too, was the owner "got up." His white hat; his well-fitting coat, with its gay flowers in the button-hole; his scrupulously clean linen; the bright buff waistcoat; the blue necktie, and the diamond pin, all seemed to harmonise with his broad, merry, brown face as he passed along, with a sort of triumphant air, glancing from side to side, and greeting with a roguish, happy-looking smile such of the foot passengers as he happened to know. Everybody turned to look at him; and most people looked as if they felt it to be a compliment to be recognised by him in the street.



John Smith was the son of Mr. Dyer Berry Smith, a printer, engraver, and wholesale stationer in a very extensive way of business in Prospect Row. Forty or fifty years ago his firm was known all over the country, for they printed the bill-heads for nearly every grocer in the kingdom, the imprint, "Smith and Greaves, sc.," being prominent on every one. John was born in Prospect Row, in the year 1819. He was intended by his father for the medical profession, and spent some years in preliminary studies. He was exceedingly fond of chemistry, in which he became very proficient, and the study of which continued to be a favourite pursuit all his life. He had also considerable skill as an anatomist, and it is known that, within a few years of his death, having caught a mole in his garden, he dissected it most skilfully, with a view to discover the peculiarities of the eyes and optic nerves of that singular animal. His knowledge of chemical and medical science was, in after life, of great service to him. No doubt it was a considerable factor in the marvellous defence he made of Palmer, the Rugeley poisoner, which, though unsuccessful, was universally considered amongst lawyers to have been a masterpiece of professional skill.

Having abandoned the idea of becoming a medical practitioner, as not affording scope for his energetic spirit, he was articled to the late Mr. Alexander Harrison, the solicitor. Immediately after the expiration of his articles, Smith made his appearance in the Bankruptcy Court as an Advocate. In this capacity he showed very great tact, and an intimate knowledge of every minute point of practice. His pleasant voice and manner soon made him a favourite; and he applied himself to this branch of his profession with such success, that it may be said that down to his death there was scarcely a bankruptcy case of any importance in the Birmingham Court in which he was not professionally engaged on one side or the other.

He possessed consummate ability, an imperturbable temper, and great confidence in himself. His marvellous coolness under the most embarrassing circumstances, his quickness of apprehension, his ready wit, and his boundless fertility of resource, have won him many a legal victory. It is but justice, however, to add that his easy notions as to truthfulness occasionally carried him over difficulties which would have been insurmountable by a man of more acute moral sense.

His memory was very tenacious. I had once a very remarkable instance of this. I was dining at the "Acorn" one Monday, and Smith was there. He came to me after the cloth was cleared, and said, "Didn't I see you at Vince's Chapel last night?" On my replying in the affirmative, he began to eulogise the sermon, which he said he had repeated the night before, word for word, to some friends at his house, after he got home. Knowing his failing, I smiled incredulously, but he began immediately to recite the sermon verbatim, and I verily believe that he could have gone through the whole without a mistake of a single word.

It is well known that he was often short of money. On one occasion he wrote to George Edmonds, asking for a loan of seven pounds, adding, "on Wednesday I will faithfully promise to repay you." Edmonds sent the money, and on Wednesday called at Smith's office, expecting to be repaid. After the usual civilities, Edmonds asked for the cash. Smith affected to be ignorant, but on Edmonds saying, "Well, I've got your note promising to repay me to-day," said, "Let's look at it, old fellow; there must be some mistake." The note was produced, and after reading it, Smith said, "I thought you must be wrong, and I find it is so; this note says that 'on Wednesday I will'—what? Pay? No. 'Faithfully promise.' Well, I do now faithfully promise to repay you, but Heaven knows when you'll get the money."

Some years ago one of the Banks brought an action against some one who owed them money, and Smith was retained for the defence. He first attempted to compromise the action, but he found that his client had in some way so annoyed the directors and the manager, that they would not entertain any proposition; the case therefore stood for trial at Warwick Assizes. Smith hit upon a very novel expedient. He caused subpoenas to be served upon every clerk in the bank and upon the manager. The latter had what is technically called a subpoena duces tecum, in virtue of which he was under an obligation to produce at Warwick the whole of the books of the establishment. This caused great dismay, it being seen that if the trial were to go on, the business of the bank must be entirely suspended. The result was that Smith's terms were accepted, and the action was settled.

During the "railway mania" of 1845 a company was formed in Birmingham for making a railway from Wolverhampton to Birkenhead, and Smith was its solicitor. The company, like many others, "came to grief." The directors were great losers, and much litigation followed. In those days there were no "winding up" arrangements, and the creditors of defunct companies had to sue individual directors to recover the amount of their claims. One action in connection with this company came on for trial at Warwick, in 1847 or 1848, before the late Mr. Justice Patteson. Mr. M. (the present Justice M.) was counsel for the defence, and Smith was a witness for the plaintiff. The Judge was deaf, and Smith's loud voice and clear replies evidently pleased him. He complimented Smith, who was soon in one of his best humours, his broad, merry face beaming with smiling good-nature. His examination-in-chief being over, Mr. M. got up, prospectus in hand, and majestically waving a pair of gold eye-glasses, said, "Well, Mr. Smith, I see by this prospectus that the solicitor of this company is John Smith, Esquire, Upper Temple Street, Birmingham; are you 'John Smith, Esquire?'"

Smith (with great energy): "I AM!"

Mr. M. (evidently disconcerted): "Oh! very good, Mr. Smith; very good! H'm! I see by your prospectus that you had a large number of persons connected with you in this matter. You had, I see, Parliamentary agents, solicitors, London solicitors, local solicitors, consulting engineers, acting engineers, surveyors, auditors, secretary, and a variety of other officers. Had you standing counsel, Mr. Smith?"

Smith (folding his arms, and with the greatest possible coolness): "No, we hadn't, Mr. M.; but I remember the subject being discussed at one of our board meetings, and I mentioned your name as that of a rising young man at the Bar, and there was some idea of retaining you."

The effect was electrical. Everybody in court was convulsed with laughter. The judge put down his pen, threw himself back in his chair, and laughed until he shook like a piece of blancmange. As soon as he could recover himself, he asked, in tones tremulous with suppressed mirth, "Are you satisfied, Mr. M.?" Mr. M. was completely nonplussed; could make no defence; tried to "rub it off" by delivering himself of a homily upon the degradation it was to the Bar of England that some of its members should be capable of lending themselves to the promotion of "Bubble Companies;" but it would not do. He lost his temper; he lost his case; and it was many years before he heard the last of it.

Some friends of mine had been directors of this company, and I had a good deal to do with winding it up. Smith's bill was a curiosity. Two items in it are probably unsurpassed in the whole records of the taxing masters' offices. They were as follows:

L s. d. "Attending, making inquiries, at the houses of eight hundred applicants for shares, and twelve hundred referees, including calls made at the residences of various tradesmen, tax collectors, and others in their respective neighbourhoods—say, two thousand attendances, at six and eightpence each 666 13 4

"Twelve hundred letters to referees, at five shillings each 300 0 0

It is needless to say that the greater part of these charges was disallowed.

I met him one morning on the platform of the old Duddeston Row Station. We were both going to London. He proposed that we should ride together, but as I had taken a second-class ticket and he a first, I pointed out the difficulty. "Oh, never mind," said he; "come in here, they never charge extra for any friends of mine;" so I was persuaded to go in his carriage. We were alone, and he kept me laughing the whole of the way. On arriving at Camden Town, where the tickets were then collected, I took from my purse the amount of the excess fare, so as to be in readiness for the collector. As soon as he appeared at the window, Smith set up an unearthly scream; put on a most extraordinary expression of face; and feigned madness. This behaviour so frightened the poor collector, that, keeping his eye fixed upon Smith, he mechanically held out his hand; took my ticket without looking at it; and hurried from the carriage, evidently congratulating himself upon a lucky escape.

Smith occasionally got into trouble with the "powers that be;" and in one case, where he was obstinate, an "attachment" was issued, under which he was confined for a few days in Coventry Gaol. He became, in a day or two, the life and soul of the place. I was shown a letter written by him from prison to the opposing solicitor, asking him to go over to arrange terms of settlement. "You can come at any time," wrote Smith; "you'll be sure to find me at home."

He certainly was no common man, and but for one or two unfortunate deficiencies in his character, he might have risen to great heights in his profession. He had abilities of no common order, and he had a "taking" way that was very fascinating. Even those who knew his failings, and could hardly accord him their respect, could not help liking the man. His somewhat untimely and sudden death caused much regret. On the morning of September 23rd, 1867, in accordance with his usual practice, he went for a ride on horseback, returning to his house in Sir Harry's Road about half-past ten. Feeling somewhat faint, he retired to his room; a fit of apoplexy supervened. Mr. Samuel Berry, and Mr. Oliver Pemberton, were hastily summoned. On their arrival, Smith was found to be insensible, and by twelve o'clock at noon he had ceased to breathe. He was in his 49th year.

FINIS.



* * * * *

CADBURY'S

COCOA ESSENCE,

PURE, SOLUBLE, REFRESHING.

"Cocoa treated thus, will, we expect, prove to be one of the most nutritious, digestible, and restorative of drinks."—British Medical Journal.

"The Essence of Cocoa is just what it is declared to be by Messrs. Cadbury Brothers."—The Lancet.

"We strongly recommend Cadbury's Cocoa Essence as a diet for Children."—Mirror.

"Those who wish for pure Cocoa in a convenient form should obtain the Cocoa Essence.—Nature.

"The Cocoa Essence is an agreeable and economical preparation; a little of it goes a great way."—The Medical Times and Gazette.

One tea-spoonful makes a breakfast cup of stronger and better Cocoa than two tea-spoonfuls of any "prepared" Cocoa that thickens in the cup.

MAKERS TO THE QUEEN.

* * * * *

CHRISTIAN'S PATE DE LICHEN,

OR ICELAND MOSS PASTE,

An invaluable Lozenge for Coughs, Colds, Hoarseness, Sore Throats, Bronchitis, &c.

Boxes. 1s., 2s.6d., and 4s.6d. each.

* * * * *

CHRISTIAN'S DANDELION CHOCOLATE,

Recommended to persons predisposed to Liver Affections, Weak Digestion, Flatulence, &c., as an article of diet.

Packets, 6d., 1s., 2s., and 5s. each.

* * * * *

Christian's Oriental and Odoriferous Perfumes,

These Perfumes, prepared for the use of The Prince & Princess of Wales, on their visit to Birmingham, contain, in a concentrated form, the aroma of the most delicate flowers, and are unrivalled for their freshness and durability.

* * * * *

PURE SODA & OTHER WATERS,

Prepared with Artesian Well Water, on the most approved modern methods, and guaranteed equal to any made.

Extract from Analyst's Report.—"The water used is, of many hundreds analysed by me from the neighbourhood of Birmingham, undoubtedly THE BEST IN ALL RESPECTS."

THE SELTZER WATER

Stimulates the stomach and is a grateful antacid and alterative.

LITHIA AND POTASS WATER

Are much recommended in Gouty and Rheumatic affections.

LEMONADE AND GINGER BEER

Of fine flavour and particularly refreshing.

GINGER ALE,

A fine tonic, possessing the full flavour of Jamaica Ginger.

Prices in Syphons, 3s. to 4s.

Bottles, 1s.3d. to 2s.6d. per dozen.



* * * * *

Prepared only by ARBLASTER (late Christian),

CHEMIST & SODA WATER MANUFACTURER,

New Street, and 7, Hagley Road, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

ALBERT C. NEAL,

(SUCCESSOR TO SAMUEL WHITEFIELD, SEN.,) MANUFACTURER OF Feather Beds, Palliasses, Wool, Hair, and Spring Mattresses

Made of the Best and Purest Materials.



Feather Merchant and Purifier.

Show Room for Bedsteads and Bedding.

A SPLENDID STOCK OF FEATHERS ALWAYS ON HAND.

52, OXFORD STREET.

DISINFECTING, PURIFYING, AND STEAM LAUNDRY WORKS—

VIADUCT WORKS, OXFORD STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

FROM COLLARD AND COLLARD.

ROGERS AND PRIESTLY, COLMORE HOUSE, COLMORE ROW, Opposite Temple Row West and St. Philip's Church, BIRMINGHAM,

PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURERS.



FOR SALE OR HIRE, OR ON THE ONE, TWO, OR THREE YEARS SYSTEM.

PIANOFORTES, AMERICAN ORGANS, and HARMONIUMS by all the Best Makers.

ROGERS AND PRIESTLY, COLMORE ROW, BIRMINGHAM: Manufactory—High St., Camden Town, London.

ALL NEW MUSIC AS SOON AS PUBLISHED.

* * * * *

MANUSCRIPTS AND EARLY-PRINTED BOOKS BOUGHT.



WILLIAM DOWNING,

(CHAUCER'S HEAD,)

DEALER IN RARE, CURIOUS, AND OUT-OF-THE-WAY BOOKS.

SETS OF STANDARD BOOKS.

BOOKS IN ELEGANT BINDINGS.

Catalogues issued on the 15th of each month, gratis and post-free.

74, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELLERY, DIAMONDS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.

R.C. MARSH 76, HIGH STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

ESTABLISHED OVER HALF A CENTURY.

* * * * *

THE PUREST MINERAL WATERS.

BURROW'S MALVERN SELTZER, Soda, Potash, and Lithia Waters; Pure Lemonade and Ginger Beer; also

BURROW'S SLIDER WINE BINS. "THE BEST OF BINS."

AGENT: T.L. REEVE, CHEMIST, 19, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

BANKS'S

STRENGTHENING FOOD FOR INFANTS AND INVALIDS.

This Food has received the approbation of, and is recommended by, several most eminent Physicians and Surgeons, as a real Strengthening Food for Invalids and Young Children, containing abundance of Phosphates and Albumenoids, which are the muscular and bone-forming substances, and NOT STARCH, which is well known to be unfit for children as a food.

Sold in Packets at 6d. and 1s. each; and in Tins at 2s. 6d, and 5s. each, by most Chemists.

PREPARED ONLY BY THE INVENTORS, M. BANKS & CO., Chemists, BULL RING, BIRMINGHAM. ESTABLISHED 1826.

* * * * *

ESTABLISHED 1769.

C. BENSON, COOK, CONFECTIONER, &c., 98, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

LUNCHEON BAR, UNION PASSAGE.

WEDDING BREAKFASTS.

BRIDE CAKES, &c. JELLIES, SOUPS, &c.

THE CELEBRATED ALAMODE BEEF AND SAUSAGE ESTABLISHMENT.

GENUINE SPIRITS, FOREIGN AND BRITISH WINES.

DINNERS AND BALLS FURNISHED. EXTENSIVE DINING ROOMS.

* * * * *

WILLIAM EDWARDS, CHRONOMETER, WATCH AND CLOCK MANUFACTURER,

IMPORTER OF FRENCH CLOCKS, SWISS WATCHES, &c.,

GOLDSMITH, JEWELLER, SILVERSMITH, AND DIAMOND MERCHANT,

44, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

The best selected and most extensive Stock of high-class Jewellery in the Midland Counties.

PRESENTATION CLOCKS, PRESENTATION WATCHES,

Including many thoroughly rated and adjusted, with Patent Resillient Bankings, suitable for every clime.

WEDDING AND CHRISTENING PRESENTS IN GREAT VARIETY.

WILLIAM EDWARDS, 44, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

EVANS & MATTHEWS,

MANUFACTURING AND FURNISHING

IRONMONGERS AND CUTLERS,

MAKERS OF ALL KINDS OF

ELECTRO-PLATED GOODS, LAMP AND OIL MERCHANTS, &c.;

THE ORIGINAL IRONMONGERY HOUSE,

ESTABLISHED 1784,

80, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

THE "ALPHA" PATENT PORTABLE GAS MAKING APPARATUS.



FIVE MEDALS AWARDED.

BRILLIANT, CONVENIENT, ECONOMICAL.

For Large and Small Users of Gas.

IN BUILDINGS OF EVERY CLASS. IN ALL COUNTRIES.

SEVERAL THOUSANDS IN USE.

By means of this Apparatus any person can have, in any building, Gas of great brilliance and absolute purity, without trouble or danger. No coal or lime, no retorts, purifiers, or gas-holders are employed. In the manufacture there is no dirt, no smell, no unsightly and expensive buildings. It requires no skilled labour in fixing or use, and there are no extras.

Prices—12 Lights, L16 16s.; 26 Lights, L30; 40 Lights, L42 10s.: 60 Lights, L55; 100 Lights, L90; 150 Lights, L146; 200 Lights, L185; 300 Lights, L265; 400 Lights,L350; 500 Lights, L430.

For further particulars, apply to the Proprietor of the Patent,

H.L. MULLER, 22, MARY ANN STREET, BIRMINGHAM; 147, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.C.;

ALSO AT 71, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM,

Where the Machines can be seen in operation daily.

* * * * *

TRADE MARK.



BUTTONS AND FANCY SMALLWARES.

GREEN, CADBURY, & RICHARDS,

CHEAT HAMPTON STREET WORKS, BIRMINGHAM,

MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF LINEN, METAL, AND PEARL BUTTONS.

PEARL BUTTON FACTORY, 250, ICKNIELD STREET EAST.

* * * * *

The Midland Educational Company, (LIMITED,)

WHOLESALE BOOKSELLERS, School and Commercial Stationers, BOOKBINDERS,

Manufacturers of every kind of School and Office Furniture.

ESTIMATES GIVEN FOR FITTING AND FURNISHING SCHOOLS.

The STOCK OF BOOKS, comprising all the Standard and Newest Books, Bound Books, &c., is the largest and most varied in the Midland Counties.

Libraries, Public Institutions, Literary Associations, &c., supplied with Books, Periodicals, and other Publications on the most liberal terms.



STATIONERY OF ALL KINDS.

MAPS, GLOBES, AND DIAGRAMS.

ARTISTS' MATERIALS.

SCHOOL BOOKS AND APPARATUS.

BIBLES, PRAYER BOOKS,

AND

CHURCH SERVICES.

ORDERS TO ANY AMOUNT EXECUTED ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE.

THE LARGEST SHOW ROOM IN ENGLAND FOR BOOKS, SCHOOL APPARATUS, &c.

Catalogues, Terms, and any other information on application to the MANAGER,

91 & 92, NEW STREET, & 40, HIGH STREET, BIRMINGHAM

* * * * *

RUDLAND & SMITH,

CARPETS AT WHOLESALE PRICES.

EXTENSIVE CABINET SHOW ROOMS.

BEDSTEAD AND BEDDING SHOW ROOMS.



Patent Duplicate-Marking Whist Table, price L10.

GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHERS,

UNION PASSAGE AND LITTLE CHERRY STREET,

BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

FINE OLD IRISH WHISKY.

(A SPECIALTY.)

The above Spirit, of the best Dublin makes, and 7 years old, may be obtained at

21s. per Gallon,

FROM

JOHN BRYCE & COMPANY,

Wine and Spirit Merchants,

44 & 45, BULL STREET. BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

HATS. HOSIERY. SHIRTS. GLOVES. UMBRELLAS. SCARFS. BRACES. COLLARS. PORTMANTEAUS. RAILWAY RUGS. TRAVELLING BAGS. DRESSING GOWNS.



SHIRTS ... SIX FOR 30s., 42s., 45s., and 48s. PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED.

* * * * *

Influenza or Cold in the Head, Hay-Fever,

Sore Throats, &c.,

CURED IN A VERY LITTLE TIME, BY USING REEVE'S INHALINE.

No medicine required. Sold by Chemists in every Town.

PREPARED ONLY AT

REEVE'S DISPENSING ESTABLISHMENT, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

Wholesale Depot for REEVE'S DIGESTIVE CANDY

* * * * *

ESTABLISHED 1844.

Great Britain Mutual Life Assurance Society,

HEAD OFFICE—101, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON; MIDLAND BRANCH— 26, TEMPLE STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT:

ALDERMAN BIGGS, J.P., BIRMINGHAM. CAPTAIN WALTER BLAKE BURKE, WOLVERHAMPTON. RICHARD SMITH CASON, ESQ., BRIERLEY HILL. H. HAWKES, ESQ., J.P., BIRMINGHAM. REV. CHARLES LEE, M.A., VICAR OF BILSTON. F.E. LEWIS, ESQ., WOLVERHAMPTON.

WILLIAM DERRY, Manager.

* * * * *

Great Britain Fire Insurance Co.,

HEAD OFFICE—101, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON; MIDLAND BRANCH— 26, TEMPLE STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT:

ALDERMAN BIGGS, J.P., BIRMINGHAM. CAPTAIN WALTER BLAKE BURKE, WOLVERHAMPTON. RICHARD SMITH CASON, ESQ., BRIERLEY HILL. H. HAWKES, ESQ., J.P., BIRMINGHAM. REV. CHARLES LEE, M.A., VICAR OF BILSTON. F.E. LEWIS, ESQ., WOLVERHAMPTON.

WILLIAM DERRY, Manager.

* * * * *

THE ORIGINAL Mantle, Shawl, and Fur Warehouse.

ESTABLISHED 1836.

MRS. J. PAGE, 81, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

DAWES & HAWLEY, Family Grocers AND PROVISION MERCHANTS.

145 & 146, BROAD STREET, AND 109, HOCKLEY HILL, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

E. PETERS, WHOLESALE Wine and Spirit Merchant, DEALER IN BURTON ALES, AND DUBLIN AND LONDON STOUT, 77, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

IMPORTER OF HAVANNAH CIGARS.

* * * * *



CHARLES CORFIELD, Homeopathic Chemist, (Established 1846,) 26, BENNETTS HILL, BIRMINGHAM, (Chemist to the Birmingham Homoeopathic Hospital and Dispensary,) Prepares all the Medicines used under Homoeopathic Treatment. Homoeopathic Medicines in Tinctures, Globules, Pilules, and Triturations, supplied in the greatest Purity.

CORFIELD'S HOMOEOPATHIC COCOA, 1s.6d. and 1s.4d. per lb.

CORFIELD'S BROMATINE, A preparation containing the essential property of Cocoa, 1s. and 2s. boxes.

MEDICINE CASES RE-FILLED.

* * * * *

THE BIRMINGHAM INDIA-RUBBER COMPANY MANUFACTURERS OF WATERPROOF LADIES' CIRCULAR AND HOOD CAPES, JACKETS, SKIRTS, &c.

COATS & CAPES, In special MATERIALS and SHAPES, for RIDING, DRIVING, SHOOTING, YACHTING, FISHING, WALKING, &c.

CARRIAGE APRONS, Coachmen's Coats, CAPES WITH SLEEVES, Hats, Hat Covers, &c.



OF Surgical Elastic STOCKINGS, KNEE CAP, BELTS, BANDAGE WEBS, &c.

INVALIDS' BEDS For Hot or Cold Water; Airproof Beds, CUSHIONS AND PILLOWS

WATERPROOF BED SHEETING BASSINETTE AND CRIBS SHEETS, &c. Enemas, Urinals, and Pessaries, IN GREAT VARIETY; And every description off SURGICAL, HOSPITAL, AND DOMESTIC REQUISITES in the Trade.

COMPETENT FEMALE ASSISTANTS IN ATTENDANCE 124, New Street, Birmingham.

* * * * *

JOSEPH HARRIS, DYER, FRENCH CLEANER, &c., ORIEL HOUSE, 41, BULL STREET; 121, GREAT CHARLES STREET; AND 4 & 5, LUDGATE HILL, BIRMINGHAM.

BRANCH DEPOT: 10, DARLINGTON STREET, WOLVERHAMPTON.

* * * * *

THE SHAWL & MANTLE ESTABLISHMENT, 69, BULL STREET.

CRUMP & PALMER

Have always a very large stock to select from of all the Newest Designs and leading Styles in FRENCH and GERMAN SHAWLS, MANTLES, and JACKETS; also, a large stock of REAL WATERPROOF MANTLES, &c., to which they invite an inspection.

THE FUR MANUFACTORY.

CRUMP AND PALMER are noted for having the largest stock of REAL SEALSKIN JACKETS, and Furs of every description, in MUFFS, BOAS, COLLARS, CUFFS, and FUR TRIMMINGS, and all warranted free from Moth, and the cheapest in the trade.

CRUMP & PALMER,

69, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

FOR THE SEASIDE

FIELD-GLASSES & TELESCOPES,

THE BEST THAT MONEY CAN PURCHASE.

JAMES GARGORY, 41, Bull Street, BIRMINGHAM.

GOLD SPECTACLES.

The largest and best assortment of handsome Gold SPECTACLES and EYE-GLASSES, set with best Pebbles, at 41, BULL STREET.

JAMES GARGORY, Optician.

WHITBY JET. JAMES GARGORY wishes to call the attention of the Public to his extensive assortment of cheap Jet Ornaments, direct from Whitby.

41, BULL STREET.

BRIGHT AND COLOURED GOLD JEWELLERY. WEDDING RINGS AND KEEPERS. SILVER FILAGREE ORNAMENTS. WELL-SELECTED PATTERNS.

James Gargory, 41, Bull Street.

* * * * *

FRED^K. W. EDMAN,

Wholesale Wine & Spirit Merchant, 27, COLMORE ROW, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

M. PARKER,

Grocery and Wax Candle Warehouse, 63, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

NEW SEASON'S TEAS: Selected with care from the finest imported.

A Tea recommended for strength with fine flavour,

Per 2/6 and 3/- lb

COFFEES:

Plantation, East India, and Mocha.

A mixture of fine Plantation and East India,

Per 1/6 lb.

FARINACEOUS GOODS, SAUCES, PICKLES, PRESERVES, &c.

* * * * *

HASSALL & SINGLETON,

IRONFOUNDERS, FREEMAN STREET, BIRMINGHAM.



Register Stoves. Tile Grates. Tile Hearths.

English and Foreign Marble Chimney Pieces.

Enamelled Slate Chimney Pieces.

Sole Makers of the "Birmingham" Range; also, the "Lichfield" and "Staffordshire" Ranges, &c.

* * * * *

BY ROYAL LETTERS PATENT.

THE FERRANTI-TURNER PROCESS,

HONOURED BY HER MAJESTY'S ROYAL COMMANDS.

LICENSEES FOR BIRMINGHAM:

FRANK SCOTT, HOLLAND, & CO., 54, NEW STREET; & 53, QUEEN STREET, WOLVERHAMPTON.

FRANK SCOTT, HOLLAND, & CO., Miniature Painters and Photographers Royal,

(From the Royal Polytechnic, Regent Street, London,)

Respectfully announces that they have completed their NEW ROYAL SOLAR STUDIO, at 54, NEW STREET.

Mr. F. SCOTT has had the honour of Photographing the undermentioned Eminent Personages, which he trusts will be a sufficient guarantee for the excellence of his Productions—H.M. The Queen, H.R.H. The Late Prince Consort, H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh, H.R.H. The Crown Princess of Prussia, H.R.H. The Crown Prince of Prussia, H.R.H. Prince Leopold, H.S.H. Princess Sophia of Prussia, H.S.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, H.S.H. Prince George of Prussia and all the Prussian Family, H.I.M. Maria Amelia, H.I.H. The Comte de Paris, H.I.H. The Comte de Chartres, H.I.H. Prince Nickamschado of Japan, His Grace The Duke of Marlborough, Her Grace The Duchess of Marlborough, and the principal Nobility and Clergy of Europe.

The NEW BERLIN CARTES, as executed of the Family of His Royal Highness the CROWN PRINCE OF PRUSSIA, and for which Mr. F. Scott received His Highness's highest approval, 6s. per dozen.

The New Patent Permanent SILICATED CARTES, 10s. per dozen.

Their New Patent FERRANTI-TURNER AUTOTYPE PHOTOGRAPHS, from L3 3s., in frame, complete.

SHOW ROOMS OPEN FROM NINE TO SEVEN DAILY.

* * * * *

JAMES TUCKER, BURLINGTON ARCADE, NEW STREET,

SOLE AGENT FOR BIRMINGHAM AND DISTRICT FOR FELTOE & SONS, LONDON.

"THE SPECIALITE" SHERRY, 30/- DOZEN,

Adopted and recommended by 3,000 Physicians and Surgeons.

* * * * *

TURKISH BATHS,

14, CRESCENT, CAMBRIDGE STREET, BIRMINGHAM,

OPEN DAILY (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED)

FROM 8 A.M. TILL 8 P.M.

For Gentlemen, 3/6, 2/6, and 2/- each; and for Ladies (Public), on Tuesdays and Fridays, 2/6; other days (Private), 3/6 each.

FIRST-CLASS SHAMPOOERS ENGAGED VAPOUR, SULPHUR, AND MEDICATED BATHS.

LIST OF TERMS.

Mercurial Vapour Bath. . 4/- each. Douche Bath. . . . . 1/- each. Sulphur Bath . . . . . . 4/- " Sanatorium Bath. . . 1/- " Private Vapour Bath. . . 1/6 " Sitz Bath. . . . . . 1/- " Public Vapour Bath . . . 1/- " Shower Bath. . . . . 1/- "

N.B.—The only Establishment in the Midland Counties where you can have such a variety of Baths for the purposes of luxury and health.

JAMES MELLING, Proprietor. M. MELLING, Superintendent of Ladies.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHY.

J. SUNDERLAND,

ARTIST AND PHOTOGRAPHER,

67, BULL STREET, AND THE ARCADE.

CARTES, 5/- PER DOZEN

* * * * *

ISLINGTON HOUSE.

D. CHAPMAN, (LATE SPENCER,)

109 & 110, BROAD STREET, BIRMINGHAM,

The oldest Linen, Woollen, Hosiery, and General Drapery Establishment in Broad Street.

Families and Hotel Proprietors will meet with a well-assorted and carefully-bought

STOCK OF GENERAL DRAPERY, at moderate prices.

The celebrated "Dacca Twist" Calicoes, in Gray and White, always in stock.

FAMILY MOURNING, &c.

* * * * *

SAMUEL PEACOCK,



CONTRACTOR FOR REMOVING FURNITURE, &c.,

To all parts of the World, on an Improved System,

BY ROAD OR RAIL, WITHOUT PACKING.

GOSTA GREEN, BIRMINGHAM.

Open and Closed Vans for Road or Rail. China, Glass, and Wines carefully removed.

PIANOS MOVED WITH SPECIAL CARE.

* * * * *

Chemical, Mineral, & Aerated Waters Manufacturer,



(SUPPLIED IN SIPHONS & BOTTLES)

ALSO

LICENSEE for LAMONT'S PATENT GLASS STOPPER.

WELL LANE, DIGBETH, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

ROBERT LLOYD CROSBIE & CO.,

THE GLOBE FOUNDRY, CHARLOTTE STREET, BIRMINGHAM,

MANUFACTURERS OF BRASS & IRON BEDSTEADS, &c.,

Of every description, for Home and Exportation.

Children's Bedsteads, Cots, Swing Cots, Chair Bedsteads, Sofas, Couches, Chairs, &c.; Camp, Folding, and Portable Bedsteads of all kinds; Washstands, Towel Bails, Hat Rails, &c.

LONDON SHOW ROOMS AND WAREHOUSES: 43 & 44, TABERNACLE WALK.

* * * * *

C.S. JONES, Fruit and Italian Warehouse,

43, GREAT WESTERN ARCADE, AND 44 MONMOUTH STREET,

BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

THE OLDEST BOOK SHOP IN BIRMINGHAM.

HUDSON & SON, 18, BULL STREET.

Established in 1821 by the late Benjamin Hudson.

DISCOUNT ON BOOKS:

THREEPENCE in the Shilling, for Cash.

TWOPENCE in the Shilling, when Entered, and Paid for within a Month.

BINDING, ENGRAVING, LITHOGRAPHY, and RELIEF-STAMPING.

STEAM PRINTING OFFICE

* * * * *

THE

GRESHAM LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY.

HEAD OFFICE: 37, OLD JEWRY, LONDON.

BRANCH OFFICE: WATERLOO CHAMBERS, 26, WATERLOO STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

THE CASH SYSTEM.

"Heartily do I wish that shop debts were pronounced after a certain date irrecoverable at law. The effect would be that no one would be able to ask credit at a shop except where he was well known, and for trifling sums. All prices would sink to the scale of cash prices. The dishonourable system of fashionable debtors—who always pay too late, if at all, and cast their deficiencies on other customers in the form of increased charges—would be at once annihilated. Shop-keepers would be rid of a great deal of care, which ruins the happiness of thousands."—Professor Newman's Lectures on Political Economy.

HIGH-CLASS TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT,

ADAM JAMES BROWN, 26, COLMORE ROW,

OPPOSITE TEMPLE BOW WEST AND ST. PHILIP'S CHURCHYARD,

For Gentlemen who require no Credit, and who, whilst wishing to wear high-class Clothing, object to be taxed with other people's credit, bad debts, &c.

* * * * *

GEO. WILKINSON & CO.,

Brewers and Wine Merchants,

BREWERY—ASHTED ROW;

OFFICE—29, LOWER TEMPLE STREET,

BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

MR. J.O.C. PHILLIPS,

SURGEON DENTIST,

COLMORE HOUSE,

COLMORE ROW,

BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

MONTAGU BROWNE,

NATURALIST,

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE BUILDINGS,

BIRMINGHAM.

DEERS' AND FOXES' HEADS, FOR HALLS.

HANDSOME FEATHER SCREENS, FOR PRESENTS.

BRITISH BIRDS, SKINS, AND EGGS.

BIRDS, ANIMALS, AND FISHES MOUNTED IN A THOROUGHLY ARTISTIC MANNER.

* * * * *

LISSETER & MILLER,

Cooks, Fruiterers and Confectioners,

20, BENNETTS HILL,

(Three Doors from New Street)

BIRMINGHAM.

Routs, Balls, Suppers, and Wedding Breakfasts supplied.

* * * * *



D. LEONARDT & CO.,

Patentees and Manufacturers of Carbonized and other Steel Pens,

GOLD PENS, MARCOGRAPHIC PENS,

PEN-HOLDERS, PENCIL-CASES, &c.

UNIVERSAL PEN WORKS, 69, GEORGE STREET, PARADE, BIRMINGHAM

MANUFACTURERS OF THE "NEPTUNE" PEN, TO WRITE WITHOUT INK.

* * * * *

JOHN HANKS & SONS,

Coal Merchants,

CHARLOTTE STREET WHARF,

(NEAR THE PARADE,)

BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

TO PRIVATE FAMILIES.

TIMOTHY J. DAVIES & SON,

71, BRISTOL ROAD, EDGBASTON,

Wholesale Ale and Porter Merchants.

ESTABLISHED 1883.

* * * * *

HART & CO.,

HORTICULTURAL BUILDERS, HOT-WATER ENGINEERS, and GENERAL CONTRACTORS,

GREAT HAMPTON STREET, BIRMINGHAM.



THE "DESIDERATUM" PORTABLE GREENHOUSE

TENANT'S FIXTURE. GLAZED WITHOUT PUTTY, BY A NEW PATENT METHOD.

Plans and Estimates furnished for every description of Horticultural Buildings (both in wood and iron), Verandahs, Skylights, Wrought-iron Windows, Casements, &c.;

ALSO, FOR

Hot-water Apparatus for Horticultural Buildings, Private Houses, Churches, Schools, Warehouses, Drying Rooms, &c.

BOILERS, PIPES AND HOT-WATER FITTINGS KEPT IN STOCK.

* * * * *

J.S. MERRYWEATHER, HOSIER, GLOVER, & SHIRT MAKER,

57 & 58, BULL STREET. (NEAR THE TOP.)



If you want the luxury of a TRUE-FITTING Shirt, try Merryweather's "Universal."

6 for 26/-. 6 for 32/-. 6 for 38/-. 6 for 44/-. 6 for 50/-.

* * * * *



H. AINGWORTH,

FURNISHING AND BUILDERS' IRONMONGER AND GENERAL IRONFOUNDER,

CHARCOAL AND COAL DUST MILLS,

54, BULL STREET, AND 14, LIVERY STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

CENTRAL PAPER HANGING ESTABLISHMENT,

QUEEN'S COLLEGE BUILDINGS, 39, PARADISE STREET, opposite the Town Hall, BIRMINGHAM.

R. MANN & CO., DECORATORS, PAINTERS, PLUMBERS, PAPER HANGERS, &c.

A large stock of the newest and best patterns in British and foreign Paper Hangings, Borders, Centres, Gilt Mouldings, &c., always on hand.

R. MANN, having had 35 years' experience in carrying out Interior Decoration (for 8 years in Partnership with the late J.R. LEE,) is enabled to undertake the Decoration of Mansions, Churches, and Public Buildings, and will be happy to give references to Gentlemen for whom work has been executed and Architects whose designs have been carried out.

SIGN PAINTING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.

WATER CLOSETS, LEAD PUMPS, BATHS, WATERWORKS SERVICES, AND ALL KINDS OF PLUMBING WORK PUNCTUALLY ATTENDED TO.

EXPERIENCED WORKMEN SENT TO ANY PART OF THE COUNTRY.

ESTIMATES GIVEN.

* * * * *

DAVIS BROTHERS,

Silk Mercers and General Drapers,

196 and 197, BRISTOL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

YOUR PATRONAGE AND RECOMMENDATION ARE RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED.

* * * * *

WILLIAM WRAY,

(LATE HURT & WRAY,)

Chronometer, Watch, and Clock Manufacturer,

JEWELLER, SILVERSMITH, &c.,

38, NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

JOSEPH J. ALLEN,

DECORATOR (BY ROYAL APPOINTMENT) OF BALL ROOMS, SOIREES, BAZAARS, &c.

ADDRESS:

HOWARD STREET ART INSTITUTE, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

REEVE'S AROMATIC

This Candy is composed of Ginger, Rhubarb, and other Medicines known to be useful in relieving Flatulency, Heartburn, and the various forms of Indigestion. It has a very pleasant taste, and if taken for several weeks permanently strengthens the stomach. Sold in 6d. and 1s. Packets, and 2s. 6d. Boxes, by

T.L. REEVE,

Chemist, 19, New Street, Birmingham; and by all the principal Chemists in the Midland Counties.

DIGESTIVE CANDY.

* * * * *

W.T. SIBLEY,

TAILOR, HATTER, AND OUTFITTER,

84 & 85, BROAD STREET,

Has always on hand a large Stock of the NEWEST AND MOST FASHIONABLE GOODS, which combine style and quality with very moderate prices.

* * * * *



HARRIS'S IMPROVED RECUMBENT COUCH.

This Couch is applicable to a variety of uses; it is employed in the drawing-room, boudoir, bed-room, nursery, garden, hospital, infirmary, at the sea-side, on shipboard, in the camp, and by emigrants and travellers at home and abroad.—84/-

Invalid Furniture and Reading Easels of every description.

CATALOGUES FREE BY POST.

HARRIS'S SILVER MEDAL NATIONAL CONTEST LAWN MOWERS,

For 1878, with all the latest improvements, 6 in., 21/-; 8 in., 34/-; 10 in., 48,/-; 12 in., 80/-; 14 in., L5; made up to 40 in.

Prize Medal Hose Reels, 15/- to 90/-; Improved Garden Rollers, 16 in., 30/-, 18 in., 40/-, 20 in., 50/-, 22 in., 60/-, 24 in., 80/-, 26 in., 90/-, 30 in., 100/-; Garden Chairs, 7/6; Garden Seats, 6 It., 22/-; Knife Cleaners, 21/-; Carpet Sweepers, 10/6; Sausage Machines from 10/6 to L24; Mangling and Wringing Machines, 30/-, 40/-, 50/-, 60/-; Chaff Cutters, 45/-to L24; Bean and Oat Crushers, 70/- to L10. All kinds of Machines repaired.

G.H. HARRIS, Bristol Street, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

ESTABLISHED A.D. 1818.

The Extensive Ranges of Metallic Hot-Houses in

THE ROYAL GARDENS, FROGMORE AND OSBORNE,

Were executed at this Establishment.

METALLIC HOT-HOUSE BUILDER TO HER MAJESTY.

HENRY HOPE, (Late CLARK & HOPE)

Horticultural Builder, Hot-Water Apparatus Engineer.

WROUGHT-IRON AND GUN-METAL WINDOWS.

55, LIONEL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

Book of Designs post free for 60 stamps.

* * * * *

PURE CONFECTIONERY,

IN EVERY VARIETY, MANUFACTURED BY

GAMMON, MARRIAN, & CO.,

And sold at their Retail Establishments,

126, NEW STREET; 70, BULL STREET; AND 115, CONSTITUTION HILL.

ONE SHILLING PER POUND.

Guaranteed Pure and Wholesome, as certified by the Borough Analyst.

* * * * *

HARDY & MARSH,

WATCH MAKERS AND JEWELLERS,

51, NEW STREET, nearly opposite the Theatre Royal, BIRMINGHAM.

GOLD WATCHES from L2 5 0.

ENGAGEMENT RINGS.

WEDDING RINGS.

KEEPER RINGS.

GOLD GUARD CHAINS from L2 0 0.



SILVER WATCHES from L1 5 0.

DIAMOND RINGS.

SIGNET RINGS.

MOURNING RINGS.

GOLD ALBERT CHAINS from L1 0 0.

WATCHES L CLOCKS CLEANED & REPAIRED.

JEWELLERY of EVERY DESCRIPTION REPAIRED.

BEST VALUE IN THE TRADE.

ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES AT NETT CASH PRICES.

* * * * *

ROBERT KNIGHT,

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL

IRONMONGER, CUTLER, & JAPANNER,

206, BROAD STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

BRITANNIA METAL AND ELECTRO-PLATED GOODS.

AGENT FOR RODGERS' CELEBRATED CUTLERY,

OPPOSITE THE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL.

* * * * *

FINEST OLD COGNAC BRANDY,

26s. per Gallon.

This fine Brandy has been kept in bond in this country till it is fully matured, and we respectfully ask comparison with Case Brandy at 60s. to 72s. per dozen.

We advise the public to place no confidence whatever in the mere putting up of the article in bottle in France, but to buy value and not names.

INNES, SMITH, & CO.,

LIVERPOOL. 28, High Street, BIRMINGHAM. MANCHESTER.

FINEST OLD MARSALA.

We beg to call attention to our large and well-matured stock of this excellent and moderate-priced Wine. The price at which we offer it is so reasonable, and the quality so fine, that we consider it the best and most economical wine for dinner and household use.

Price, 18s. per Dozen; 8s.6d. per Gallon.

INNES, SMITH, &. CO., 28, High Street, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

ORAM,

CABINET MAKER, UPHOLSTERER,

CARPET FACTOR,

BED AND BEDDING MANUFACTURER,

AND

GENERAL FURNISHER.

SECOND-HAND GOODS BOUGHT TO ANY AMOUNT. N.B.—WHOLESALE DEALER IN WINES AND SPIRITS

187, 188, & 189, BROAD STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

HUNT'S

ECONOMICAL MOURNING AND FUNERAL WAREHOUSE,

COSTUMES. MANTLES.

WE HAVE ALWAYS A LARGE AND VARIED STOCK OF

DEEP MOURNING COSTUMES, MANTLES, & MILLINERY,

MADE EXPRESSLY FOR UNEXPECTED MOURNING, READY FOR IMMEDIATE WEAR, AT MODERATE PRICES.

DRESSES MADE TO ORDER ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE.

EVERY ARTICLE REQUIRED FOR FAMILY MOURNING.

ESTIMATES GIVEN ON APPLICATION

DRESSES. MILLINERY.

94, BULL STREET, BIRMINGHAM.

* * * * *

ESTABLISHED 1798.

SAMUEL PHILLIPS,

HATTER, AND MANUFACTURING FURRIER,

49, NEW STREET, Corner of UPPER TEMPLE STREET,

BIRMINGHAM.

THE END

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