Notes and Queries, Number 223, February 4, 1854
Author: Various
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The above is a hasty, but I trust an intelligible, view of the scope of the Psalm.


Wybunbury, Nantwich.

[Footnote 6: Lightfoot, who edited Broughton's works in 1662, entitled them as follows:—"The Works of the great Albionen Divine, renowned in many Nations for rare Skill in Salem's and Athens' Tongues, and familiar acquaintance with all Rabbinical Learning," &c.

Ben Jonson has managed to introduce Broughton into some of his plays. In his Volpone, when the "Fox" delivers a medical lecture, to the great amusement of Politic and Peregrine, the former remarks,

"Is not his language rare?"

To which the latter replies,

"But Alchemy, I never heard the like, or Broughton's books."

In the Alchemist, "Face" is made thus to speak of a female companion:

"Y' are very right, Sir, she is a most rare scholar, And is gone mad with studying Broughton's works; If you but name a word touching the Hebrew, She falls into her fit, and will discourse So learnedly of genealogies, As you would run mad too to hear her, Sir."

(See also The History of the Jews in Great Britain, vol. i. pp. 305, &c.)]

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(Vol. viii., p. 448.)

The inscription on one of the bells of Great Milton Church, Oxon. (as given by MR. SIMPSON in "N. & Q."), has a better and rhyming form occasionally.

In Meivod Church, Montgomeryshire, a bell (the "great" bell, I think) has the inscription—

"I to the church the living call, And to the grave do summon all."

The same also is found on the great bell of the interesting church (formerly cathedral) of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire.


Nantcribba Hall.

I beg to forward the following inscription on one of the bells in the tower of St. Nicholas Church, Sidmouth. I have not met with it elsewhere; and you may, perhaps, consider it worthy of being added to those given by CUTHBERT BEDE and J. L. SISSON:

"Est michi collatum Ihc istud nomen amatum."

There is no date, but the characters may indicate the commencement of the fifteenth century as the period when the bell was cast.


At Lapley in Staffordshire:

"I will sound and resound to thee, O Lord, To call thy people to thy word."

G. E. T. S. R. N.

Pray add the following savoury inscriptions to your next list of bell-mottoes. The first disgraces the belfry of St. Paul's, Bedford; the second, that, of St. Mary's, Islington:

"At proper times my voice I'll raise, And sound to my subscribers' praise!"

"At proper times our voices we will raise, In sounding to our benefactors' praise!"

The similarity between these two inscriptions favours the supposition that the ancient {110} bell-founders, like some modern enterprising firms, kept a poet on the establishment, e.g.

"Thine incomparable oil, Macassar!"


A friend informs me, that on a bell in Durham Cathedral these lines occur:

"To call the folk to Church in time, I chime. When mirth and pleasure's on the wing, I ring. And when the body leaves the soul, I toll."

J. L. S.

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(Vol. viii., p. 563.)

Your correspondent who desires the blazon of the arms of the "town of Geneva," had better have specified to which of the two bearings assigned to that name he refers.

One of these, which I saw on the official seal affixed to the passport of a friend of mine lately returned from that place, is an instance of the obsolete practice of dimidiation; and is the more singular, because only the dexter one of the shields thus impaled undergoes curtailment.

The correct blazon, I believe, would be: Or, an eagle double-headed, displayed sable, dimidiated, and impaling gu. a key in pale argent, the wards in chief, and turned to the sinister; the shield surmounted with a marquis' coronet.

The blazon of the sinister half I owe to Edmondson, who seems, however, not at all to have understood the dexter, and gives a clumsy description of it little worth transcribing. He, and the Dictionnaire de Blazon, assign these arms to the Republic of Geneva.

The other bearing would, in English, be blazoned, Checquy of nine pieces, or and azure: and in French, Cinq points d'or, equipolles a quatre d'azur. This is assigned by Nisbett to the Seigneurie of Geneva, and is quartered by the King of Sardinia in token of the claims over the Genevese town and territory, which, as Duke of Savoy, he has never resigned.

With regard to the former shield, I may just remark, that the dimidiated coat is merely that of the German empire. How or why Geneva obtained it, I should be very glad to be informed; since it appears to appertain to the present independent Republic, and not to the former seignorial territory.

Let me also add, that the plate in the Dictionnaire gives the field of this half as argent. Mr. Willement, in his Regal Heraldry, under the arms of Richard II.'s consort, also thus describes and represents the imperial field; and Nisbett alludes to it as such in one place, though in his formal blazon he gives it as or.

Nothing, in an heraldic point of view, would be more interesting than a "Regal Heraldry of Europe," with a commentary explaining the historical origin and combinations of the various bearings. Should this small contribution towards such a compilation tend to call the attention of any able antiquary to the general subject, or to elicit information upon this particular question, the writer who now offers so insignificant an item would feel peculiarly gratified.

L. C. D.

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Multiplying Negatives.—In reply to M. N. S. (Vol. ix., p. 83.) I would suggest the following mode of multiplying negatives on glass, which I have every reason to believe would be perfectly successful:—First, varnish the negative to be copied by means of DR. DIAMOND'S solution of amber in chloroform; then attach to each angle, with any convenient varnish, a small piece of writing-paper. Prepare a similar plate of glass with collodion, and drain off all superfluous nitrate of silver, by standing it for a minute or so on edge upon a piece of blotting-paper. Lay it flat upon a board, collodion side upwards, and the negative prepared above upon it, collodion side downwards. Expose the whole to daylight for a single second, or to gas-light for about a minute, and develope as usual. The result will be a transmitted positive, but with reversed sides; and from this, when varnished and treated as the original negative, any number of negatives similar to the first may be produced.

The paper at the angles is to prevent the absolute contact and consequent injury by the solution of nitrate of silver; and, for the same reason, it is advisable not to attempt to print until the primary negative is varnished, as, with all one's care, sometimes the nitrate will come in contact and produce spots, if the varnishing has been omitted. Should the negative become moistened, it should be at once washed with a gentle stream of water and dried.

I have repeatedly performed the operation above described so far as the production of the positive, and so perfect is the impression that I see no reason why the second negative should be at all distinguishable from the original.

I am, indeed, at present engaged upon a similar attempt; but there are several other difficulties in my way: I, however, entertain no doubts of perfect success.


Towgood's Paper.—A. B. (Vol. ix., p. 83.) can purchase Towgood's paper of Mr. Sandford, who frequently advertises in "N. & Q." With regard to his other Query, I think there can be no doubt of his being at liberty to publish a photographic copy of a portrait, Mr. Fox Talbot having reserved only the right to paper copies of a photographic portrait. Collodion portraits are not patent, but the paper proofs from collodion negatives are.


{111} Adulteration of Nitrate of Silver.—Will any of your chemical readers tell me how I am to know if nitrate of silver is pure, and how to detect the adulteration? If so with nitrate of potash, how? One writer on photography recommends the fused, as then the excess of nitric acid is got rid of. Another says the fused nitrate is nearly always adulterated. I fear you have more querists than respondents. I have looked carefully for a reply to some former Queries respecting MR. CROOKES's restoration of old collodion, but at present they have failed in appearance.


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Replies to Minor Queries.

Passage of Cicero (Vol. viii., p. 640.).—Is the following what SEMI-TONE wants?

"Mira est enim quaedam natura vocis; cujus quidem, e tribus omnino sonis, inflexo, acuto, gravi, tanta sit, et tam suavis varietas perfecta in cantibus."—Orator, cap. 17.

B. H. C.

Major Andre (Vol. viii., pp. 174. 604.).—The late Mrs. Mills of Norwich (nee Andre) was not the sister of Major Andre; she was the only daughter of Mr. John Andre of Offenbach, near Frankfort on the Maine, in Germany; where he established more than eighty years ago a prosperous concern as a printer of music, and was moreover an eminent composer: this establishment is now in the hands of his grandson. Mr. John Andre was not the brother of the Major, but a second or third cousin. Mrs. Mills used to say, that she remembered seeing the Major at her father's house as a visitor, when she was a very small child. He began his career in London in the commercial line; and, after he entered the army, was sent by the English ministry to Hesse-Cassel to conduct to America a corps of Hessian hirelings to dragoon the revolted Americans into obedience: it was on this occasion that he paid the above-mentioned visit to Offenbach.

Having frequently read the portion of English history containing the narrative of the transactions in which Major Andre was so actively engaged, and for which he suffered, I have often asked myself whether he was altogether blameless in that questionable affair.



P.S.—This account was furnished to me by Mr. E. Mills, husband of the late Mrs. Mills.

Catholic Bible Society (Vol. ix., p. 41.).—Besides the account of this society in Bishop Milner's Supplementary Memoirs of the English Catholics, many papers on the same will be found in the volumes of the Orthodox Journal from 1813, when the Society was formed, to 1819. In this last volume, p. 9., Bishop Milner wrote a long letter, containing a comparison of the brief notes in the stereotyped edition of the above Society with the notes of Bishop Challoner, from whose hands he mentions having received a copy of his latest edition of both Testaments in 1777. It should be mentioned that most of the papers in the Orthodox Journal alluded to were written by Bishop Milner under various signatures, which the present writer, with all who knew him well, could always recognise. That eminent prelate thus sums up the fate of the sole publication of the so-called Catholic Bible Society:

"Its stereotype Testament ... was proved to abound in gross errors; hardly a copy of it could be sold; and, in the end, the plates for continuing it have been of late presented by an illustrious personage, into whose hands they fell, to one of our prelates [this was Bishop Collingridge], who will immediately employ the cart-load of them for a good purpose, as they were intended to be, by disposing of them to some pewterer, who will convert them into numerous useful culinary implements, gas-pipes, and other pipes."

F. C. H.

Cassiterides (Vol. ix., p. 64.).—Kassiteros; the ancient Indian Sanscrit word Kastira. Of the disputed passage in Herodotus respecting the Cassiterides, the interpretation[7] of Rennell, in his Geographical System of Herodotus; of Maurice, in his Indian Antiquities, vol. vi.; and of Heeren, in his Historical Researches; is much more satisfactory than that offered by your correspondent S. G. C., although supported by the French academicians (Inscript. xxxvi. 66.)

The advocates for a Celtic origin of the name of these islands are perhaps not aware that—

"Through the intercourse which the Phoenicians, by means of their factories in the Persian Gulph, maintained with the east coast of India, the Sanscrit word Kastira, expressing a most useful product of farther India, and still existing among the old Aramaic idioms in the Arabian word Kasdir, became known to the Greeks even before Albion and the British Cassiterides had been visited."—See Humboldt's Cosmos, "Principal Epochs in the History of the Physical Contemplation of the Universe," notes.


[Footnote 7: His want of information in this matter can only be referred to the jealousy of the Phoenicians depriving the Greeks, as afterwards the Romans, of ocular observation.]

Wooden Tombs and Effigies (Vol. ix., p. 62.).—There are two fine recumbent figures of a Lord Neville and his wife in Brancepeth Church, four miles south-west of Durham. They are carved in wood. A view of them is given in Billing's Antiquities of Durham.

J. H. B.

Tailless Cats (Vol. ix., p. 10.).—In my visits to the Isle of Man, I have frequently met with {112} specimens of the tailless cats referred to by your correspondent SHIRLEY HIBBERD. In the pure breed there is not the slightest vestige of a tail, and in the case of any intermixture with the species possessing the usual caudal appendage, the tail of their offspring, like the witch's "sark," as recorded by honest Tam o' Shanter,

"In longitude is sorely scanty."

In fact, it terminates abruptly at the length of a few inches, as if amputated, having altogether a very ludicrous appearance.



The breed of cats without tails is well known in the Isle of Man, and accounted by the people of the island one of its chief curiosities. These cats are sought after by strangers: the natives call them "Rumpies," or "Rumpy Cats." Their hind legs are rather longer than those of cats with tails, and give them a somewhat rabbit-like aspect, which has given rise to the odd fancy that they are the descendants of a cross between a rabbit and cat. They are good mousers. When a perfectly tailless cat is crossed with an ordinary-tailed individual, the progeny exhibit all intermediate states between tail and no tail.


Warville (Vol. viii., p. 516.).—

"Jacque Pierre Brissot was born on the 14th Jan., 1754, in the village of Ouarville, near Chartres."—Penny Cyclo.

If your correspondent is a French scholar, he will perceive that Warville is, as nearly as possible, the proper pronunciation of the name of this village, but that Brissot being merely the son of a prior pastrycook, had no right whatever to the name, which doubtless he bore merely as a distinction from some other Brissot. It may interest your American friend to know, that he married Felicite Dupont, a young lady of good family at Boulogne. A relation of my own, who was very intimate with her before her marriage, has often described her to me as being of a very modest, retiring, religious disposition, very clever with her pencil, and as having received a first-rate education from masters in Paris. These gifts, natural and acquired, made her a remarkable young person, amidst the crowd of frivolous idlers who at that time formed "good society," not only in Paris, but even in provincial towns, of which Boulogne was not the least gay. Perhaps he knows already that she quickly followed her husband to the scaffold. Her sister (I believe the only one) married a Parisian gentleman named Aublay, and died at a great age about ten years ago.

N. J. A.

W is not a distinct letter in the French alphabet; it is simply double v, and is pronounced like v, as in Wissant, Wimireux, Wimille, villages between Calais and Boulogne, and Wassy in Champagne.

W. R. D. S.

Green Eyes (Vol. viii., p. 407.).—The following are quotations in favour of green eyes, in addition to MR. H. TEMPLE's:

"An eagle, madam, Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye."

Romeo and Juliet, Act III. Sc. 5.

And Dante, in Purgatory, canto xxxi., likens Beatrice's eyes to emeralds:

"Disser: fa che le viste non risparmi: Posto t' avem dinanzi agli smeraldi, Ond' Amor gia ti trasse le sue armi."

"Spare not thy vision. We have station'd thee Before the emeralds[8], whence Love, erewhile, Hath drawn his weapons on thee."

Cary's Translation.

I think short-sightedness is an infirmity more common among men of letters, authors, &c., than any other class; indeed, one is inclined to think it is no rare accompaniment of talent. A few celebrated names occur to me who suffered weakness of distinct vision to see but the better near. I am sure your correspondents could add many to the list. I mark them down at random:—Niebuhr, Thomas Moore, Marie Antoinette, Gustavus Adolphus, Herrick the poet, Dr. Johnson, Margaret Fuller, Ossoli, Thiers, Quevedo. These are but a few, but I will not lengthen the list at present.

M——A S.

[Footnote 8: Beatrice's eyes.]

Came (Vol. viii., p. 468.).—H. T. G. will find this word to be as old as our language. Piers Ploughman writes:

"A cat Cam when hym liked."

Vision, l. 298.

"A lovely lady Cam doun from a castel."

Ib. l. 466.


"Till that he came to Thebes."

Cant. T. l. 985.


"Thus (er he wiste) into a dale He came."

Conf. Am. b. i. fol. 9. p. 2. col. l.


"Epitaphium Lucretiae" (Vol. viii., p. 563.).—Allow me to send an answer to the Query of BALLIOLENSIS, and to state that in that rather scarce little book, Epigrammata et Poematia Vetera, he will find at page 68. that "Epitaphium Lucretiae" is ascribed to Modestus, perhaps the same person who wrote a work de re militari. The version {113} there given differs slightly from that of BALLIOLENSIS, and has two more lines; it is as follows:

"Cum foderet ferro castum Lucretia pectus, Sanguinis et torrens egereretur, ait: Procedant testes me non favisse tyranno, Ante virum sanguis, spiritus ante deos. Quam recte hi testes pro me post fata loquentur, Alter apud manes, alter apud superos."

Perhaps the following translation may not be unacceptable:

"When thro' her breast the steel Lucretia thrust, She said, while forth th' ensanguin'd torrent gush'd; 'From me that no consent the tyrant knew, To my spouse my blood, to heaven my soul shall show; And thus in death these witnesses shall prove, My innocence, to shades below, and Powers above.'"

C—S. T. P.

Oxford Commmemoration Squib, 1849 (Vol. viii., p. 584.).—Quoted incorrectly. The heading stands thus:


After the name of "Wrightson" add "(Queen's);" and at the foot of the bill "Floreat Lyceum." I quote from a copy before me.


Olney, Bucks.

"Imp" (Vol. viii., p. 623.).—Perhaps as amusing use of the word imp as can be found anywhere occurs in an old Bacon, in his "Pathway unto Prayer" (see Early Writings, Parker Society, p. 187.):

"Let us pray for the preservation of the King's most excellent Majesty, and for the prosperous success of his entirely beloved son Edward our Prince, that most angelic imp."

P. P.

False Spellings from Sound (Vol. vi., p. 29.).—The observations of MR. WAYLEN deserve to be enlarged by numerous examples, and to be, to a certain extent, corrected. He has not brought clearly into view two distinct classes of "false spelling" under which the greater part of such mistakes may be arranged. One class arose solely from erroneous pronunciation; the second from intentional alteration. I will explain my meaning by two examples, both which are, I believe, in MR. WAYLEN's list.

The French expression dent de lion stands for a certain plant, and some of the properties of that plant originated the name. When an Englishman calls the same plant Dandylion, the sound has not given birth "to a new idea" in his mind. Surely, he pronounces badly three French words of which he may know the meaning, or he may not. But when the same Englishman, or any other, orders sparrow-grass for dinner, these two words contain "a new idea," introduced purposely: either he, or some predecessor, reasoned thus—there is no meaning in asparagus; sparrow-grass must be the right word because it makes sense. The name of a well-known place in London illustrates both these changes: Convent Garden becomes Covent Garden by mispronunciation; it becomes Common Garden by intentional change.

Mistakes of the first class are not worth recording; those of the second fall under this general principle: words are purposely exchanged for others of a similar sound, because the latter are supposed to recover a lost meaning.

I have by me several examples which I will send you if you think the subject worth pursuing.

J. O. B.


"Good wine needs no bush" (Vol. viii., p. 607.).—The custom of hanging out bushes of ivy, boughs of trees, or bunches of flowers, at private houses, as a sign that good cheer may be had within, still prevails in the city of Gloucester at the fair held at Michaelmas, called Barton Fair, from the locality; and at the three "mops," or hiring fairs, on the three Mondays following, to indicate that ale, beer, cider, &c. are there sold, on the strength (I believe) of an ancient privilege enjoyed by the inhabitants of that street to sell liquors, without the usual license, during the fair.


Three Fleurs-de-Lys (Vol. ix., p. 35.).—In reply to the Query of DEVONIENSIS, I would say that many families of his own county bore fleurs-de-lys in their coat armour, in the forms of two and one, and on a bend; also that the heraldic writers, Robson and Burke, assign a coat to the family of Baker charged with three fleurs-de-lys on a fesse. The Devon family of Velland bore, Sable, a fesse argent, in chief three fleurs-de-lys of the last, but whether these bearings were ever placed fesse-wise, or, as your querist terms it, in a horizontal line, I am not sure.

J. D. S.

If DEVONIENSIS will look at the arms of Magdalen College, Oxford, he will there find the three fleurs-de-lys in a line in the upper part of the shield.

A. B.


Portrait of Plowden (Vol. ix., p. 56.).—A portrait of Plowden (said to have been taken from his monument in the Temple Church) is prefixed to the English edition of his Reports, published in 1761.

J. G.


St. Stephen's Day and Mr. Riley's "Hoveden" (Vol. viii., p. 637.).—The statement of this feast being observed prior to Christmas must have {114} arisen from the translator not being conversant with the technical terms of the Ecclesiastical Calendar, in which, as the greater festivals are celebrated with Octaves, other feasts falling during the Octave are said to be under (infra) the greater solemnity. Thus, if MR. WARDEN will consult the Ordo Recitandi Officii Divini for 1834, he will see that next Sunday, the 8th inst., stands "Dom inf. Oct.," i.e. of the Epiphany, and that the same occurs on other days during the year.

May I point out an erratum in a Query inserted some time since (not yet replied to), regarding a small castle near Kingsgate, Thanet, the name of which is printed Aix Ruochim; it should be Arx Ruochim.

A. O. H.


Death Warnings in Ancient Families (Vol. ix., p. 55.).—A brief notice of these occurrences, with references to works where farther details may be met with, would form a very remarkable record of events which tend to support one's belief in the truth of the remark of Hamlet:

"There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in our philosophy."

A drummer is stated to be heard in C—— Castle, the residence of the Earl and Countess of A., "going about the house playing his drum, whenever there is a death impending in the family." This warning is asserted to have been given shortly before the decease of the Earl's first wife, and preceded the death of the next Countess about five or six months. Mrs. Crowe, in her Night Side of Nature, observes hereupon:

"I have heard that a paper was found in her (the Countess's) desk after her death, declaring her conviction that the drum was for her."

Whenever a little old woman visits a lady of the family of G. of R., at the time of her confinement, when the nurse is absent, and strokes down the clothes, the patient (says Mrs. Crowe), "never does any good, and dies." Another legend is, that a single swan is always seen on a particular lake close to the mansion of another family before a death. Then, Lord Littleton's dove is a well-known incident. And the lady above quoted speaks of many curious warnings of death by the appearance of birds, as well as of a spectral black dog, which visited a particular family in Cornwall immediately before the death of any of its members. Having made this Note of a few more cases of death warnings, I will end with a Query in the words of Mrs. Crowe, who, after detailing the black dog apparition, asks: "if this phenomenon is the origin of the French phrase bete noire, to express an annoyance, or an augury of evil?"



"The Secunde Personne of the Trinitie" (Vol. ix., p. 56.).—I think it is Hobart Seymour who speaks of some Italians of the present day as considering the Three Persons of the Trinity to be the Father, the Virgin, and the Son.

J. P. O.

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Mr. Wright's varied antiquarian acquirements, and his untiring zeal, are too well known to require recognition from us. We may therefore content ourselves with directing attention to his Wanderings of an Antiquary, chiefly upon the Traces of the Romans in Britain, which has just been published, and of which the greater part has appeared in a series of papers under the same title in the Gentleman's Magazine. It is intended to furnish, in a popular form, a few archaeological truths which may foster a love of our national antiquities among those who are less likely to be attracted by dry dissertations: and its gossiping character and pretty woodcuts are well calculated to promote this object.

This endeavour to make the study of antiquities popular, naturally calls our attention to a small and very agreeable volume on the subject of what Brand designated Popular Antiquities. We refer to the last volume of Bohn's Illustrated Library. It is from the pen of Mary Howitt, and is entitled the Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons, exhibiting the Pleasures, Pursuits, and Characteristics of Country Life for every Month of the Year, and embodying the whole of Aikin's Calendar of Nature. It is embellished with upwards of one hundred engravings on wood; and what the authoress says of its compilation, viz. that it was "like a walk through a rich summer garden," describes pretty accurately the feelings of the reader. But, as we must find some fault, where is the Index?

We have received from Birmingham a work most creditable to all concerned in its production, and which will be found of interest to such of our readers as devote their attention to county or family history. It is entitled A History of the Holtes of Aston, Baronets, with a Description of the Family Mansion, Aston Hall, Warwickshire, by Alfred Davidson, with Illustrations from Drawings by Allan E. Everitt; and whether we regard the care with which Mr. Davidson has executed the literary portion of the work, the artistic skill of the draughtsman, or the manner in which the publisher has brought it out, we may safely pronounce it a volume well deserving the attention of topographers generally, and of Warwickshire topographers in especial.

BOOKS RECEIVED.—Folious Appearances; A Consideration on our Ways of lettering Books. Few lovers of old books and good binding will begrudge half a florin for this quaint opuscule.—Indications of Instinct, by T. Lindley Kemp, the new number of the Traveller's Library, is an interesting supplement to Dr. Kemp's former contribution to the same series, The Natural History of Creation.—We record, for the information of our meteorological friends, the receipt of a Daily Weather Journal for the Year 1853, kept at Islington by Mr. Simpson.

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Of SIR WALTER SCOTT'S NOVELS, without the Notes, Constable's Miniature Edition: Anne of Geierstein, Betrothed, Castle Dangerous, Count Robert of Paris, Fair Maid of Perth, Highland Widow, Red Gauntlet, St. Ronan's Well, Woodstock, Surgeon's Daughter, and Talisman.

*** Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, carriage free, to be sent to MR. BELL. Publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES." 186. Fleet Street.

Particulars of Price, &c. of the following Books to be sent direct to the gentlemen by whom they are required, and whose names and addresses are given for that purpose:

THE ACTS AND MONUMENTS OF JOHN FOXE. Vol. I. Edited by Rev. S. Cattley. Seeley and Burnside.

VOLTAIRE'S WORKS. Vol. I. Translated by Smollett. Francklin, London, 1761.

ECCLESIOLOGIST. Vol. V. In numbers or unbound.

Wanted by E. Hailstone, Horton Hall, Bradford, Yorkshire.

* * * * *

PENNY CYCLOPAEDIA. from Part CVII. inclusive, to the end.

Wanted by Rev. F. N. Mills, 11. Cunningham Place, St. John's Wood.

* * * * *




Wanted by Prichard, Roberts, & Co., Booksellers, Chester.

* * * * *

GENUINE AND IMPARTIAL MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF CHARLES RATCLIFFE, wrote by a gentleman of the family, Mr. Eyre, to prevent the Public being imposed on by any erroneous or partial accounts to the prejudice of this unfortunate gentleman. London: printed for the Proprietor, and sold by E. Cole. 1746.

Wanted by Mr. Douglas, 16. Russell Square, London.

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Notices to Correspondents.

COL. CHARTERIS or CHARTRES.—Our Correspondent who inquires for particulars respecting this monster of depravity is referred to Pope's Works, edit. 1736, vol. ii. p. 24. of the Ethic Epistles. Also to the following works: The History of Col. Francis Charteris from his birth to his present Catastrophe in Newgate, 4to. 1730; Memoirs of the Life and Actions of Col. Ch——s, 8vo. 1730; Life of Col. Don Francisco, with a wood-cut portrait of Col. Charteris or Chartres, 8vo.

N. On the "Sun's rays putting out the fire," see Vol. vii., pp. 285. 345. 439.

R. V. T. An excellent tract may be had for a few pence on The History of Pews, a paper read before the Cambridge Camden Society, 1841: see also "N. & Q.," Vol. iii., p. 56., and Vol. viii., p. 127.

C. K. P. (Bishop's Stortford). We candidly admit that your results upon waxed paper are much like our own, for no certainty has at present attended our endeavours. If the paper is made sensitive, then it behaves exactly as yours has done; and if, following other formulae, we use a less sensitive paper, then the exposure is so long and tedious that we are not anxious to pursue Photography in so "slow a phase". Why not adopt and abide by the simplicity of the calotype process as given in a late Number? In the writer's possession we have seen nearly a hundred consecutive negatives without a failure.

W. S. P. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne). Filtered rain-water is far the best to use in making your iodized paper. The appearances which you describe in all probability depend upon the different sheets resting too firmly upon one another, so that the water has not free and even access to the whole sheet.

H. J. (Norwich). Turner's paper is now quite a precarious article; a specimen which has come to us of his recent make is full of spots, and the negative useless. Towgood's is admirable for positives, but it does not appear to do well for iodizing. We hope to be soon able to say something cheering to Photographers upon a good paper!

Errata.—MR. P. H. FISHER wishes to correct an error in his article on "The Court-house of Painswick." Vol. viii., p. 596., col. 2., for "The lodge, an old wooden house," read "stone house." Also in his article in Vol. ix., p. 8., col. 2., for "Rev. —— Hook," read "Rev. —— Stock."

"NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, so that the Country Booksellers may receive Copies in that night's parcels, and deliver them to their Subscribers on the Saturday.

* * * * *

Just published, in 8vo., price 1s.


De Primis Episcopis. S. Petri Alexandrini Episcopi Fragmenta quaedam. S. Irenaei Illustrata RHSIS, in qua Ecclesia Romana commemoratur. Recensuit MARTIMUS JOSEPHUS ROUTH. S.T.P., Collegii S. Magdalenae. Oxon. Praeses.


* * * * *

THE PENNY POST for FEBRUARY, with Illustrations, contains:—1. The Escape of the Empress Maude from Oxford Castle. 2. God's Children: Scenes from the Lives of Two Young Christians. 3. Readings for Septuagesima Sunday: The Formation of Eve. 4. the Mammoth. 5. Brazilian Sketches. 6. True Stories of my Younger Days: No. I. The Landslip. 7. Reason and Instinct. 8. Birds, Bees, and Flowers. 9. Poetry: Hymn; Five Couplets; Church Ornaments. 10. The Post-bag. 11. New Books.



JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford; and 377. Strand, London.

* * * * *

Price One Shilling.

THE NATIONAL MISCELLANY for FEBRUARY contains—I. Dedications of Books; II. Sevastopol; III. A Chapter of History as it might have been; IV. The "Petite Soeur des Pauvres;" V. Verse-making in the Olden Time; VI. Our Literary Friends; VII. Invalids; VIII. Life of Theodoric the Great, King of Italy; IX. Notices; X. Poetry.

At the Office, 41. Exeter Street, Strand, London.

* * * * *

NEAR MONMOUTH.—To be LET on LEASE, from the 1st of May, the TUMP HOUSE, about two miles from Monmouth, beautifully situate on a declivity, above the Monnow, celebrated for its trout fishing. The residence, which is suitable for a highly respectable family, contains dining-room, drawing-room, library, six best bedrooms, and four servants' rooms, with all necessary offices, coach-house, stabling for six horses, convenient farm buildings, with good pleasure and kitchen gardens, and about 27 acres of prime meadow and orchard land, stocked with fruit-trees. It is approached by a private bridge, with lodge, from the village of Rockfield, and a right of shooting over about 1200 acres adjoining will be granted. In the season a pack of fox-hounds constantly meet in the adjacent covers.—For particulars apply to MESSRS. SNELL, Albemarle Street; or to J. W. PEPPERCORNE, ESQ., Oatlands House, near Chertsey.

* * * * *

NEAR WEYBRIDGE.—To be LET, FURNISHED or on LEASE, WOODLAWN HOUSE, containing handsome dining and drawing-room, library, servants' hall, and fifteen other rooms, coach-house and stabling for eight horses, pleasure and kitchen garden, fish-pond, orchard, &c., beautifully situate on a gravelly soil, near St. George's Hill, and about a mile from the Railway Stations of Walton and Weybridge. Also a Cottage Residence, containing thirteen rooms, dairy, small conservatory, coach-house, stabling, pleasure and kitchen gardens.—Apply to MESSRS. SNELL, Albemarle Street, or to J. W. PEPPERCORNE, ESQ., 2. Exchange Buildings, London.

* * * * *

THE ECLECTIC REVIEW for FEBRUARY, price 1s. 6d., contains:—

1. Burton's History of Scotland, from the Revolution. 2. Gosse's Naturalist's Ramble on the Devonshire Coast. 3. Baumgarten on the Acts of the Apostles. 4. Professor Silliman—a new Phase in American Life. 5. Journals and Correspondence of Thomas Moore. 6. History and Resources of Turkey. 7. The Dignity of the Pulpit. Review of the Month, Short Notices, &c.

* * * * *

THE HOMILIST for JANUARY, 1854, price 1s. (commencing Vol. III.) contains, among other Articles:

1. The Theory of True Progress. 2. The Absolute in Truth. 3. The Prophet's Dream. 4. Judas; or, Truth sold for Money. 5. Caiaphas: a Glance at Government, Human and Divine.

"Certainly one of the most extraordinary and ably written publications of the day. It is entirely original, and abounds with sterling ideas.... It needs but to be perused to commend itself to the genuine Christian of every denomination."—Birmingham Mercury.

WARD & CO., 27. Paternoster Row.

* * * * *{116}



Founded A.D. 1812.


H. E. Bicknell, Esq. T. S. Cocks, Jun. Esq. M.P. G. H. Drew, Esq. W. Evans, Esq. W. Freeman, Esq. F. Fuller, Esq. J. H. Goodhart, Esq. T. Grissell, Esq. J. Hunt, Esq. J. A. Lethbridge, Esq. E. Lucas, Esq. J. Lys Seager, Esq. J. B. White, Esq. J. Carter Wood, Esq.


W. Whateley, Esq., Q.C.; George Drew, Esq.; T. Grissell, Esq.

Physician.—William Rich. Basham, M.D.

Bankers.—Messrs. Cocks, Biddulph, and Co., Charing Cross.


Policies effected in this Office do not become void through temporary difficulty in paying a Premium, as permission is given upon application to suspend the payment at interest, according to the conditions detailed in the Prospectus.

Specimens of Rates of Premium for Assuring 100l., with a Share in three-fourths of the Profits:—

Age L s. d.

17 1 14 4 22 1 18 8 27 2 4 5 32 2 10 8 37 2 18 6 42 3 8 2


Now ready, price 10s. 6d., Second Edition, with material additions, INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENT and EMIGRATION; being a TREATISE on BENEFIT BUILDING SOCIETIES, and on the General Principles of Land Investment, exemplified in the Cases of Freehold Land Societies, Building Companies, &c. With a Mathematical Appendix on Compound Interest and Life Assurance. By ARTHUR SCRATCHLEY, M.A., Actuary to the Western Life Assurance Society, 3. Parliament Street, London.

* * * * *

ALLEN'S ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE, containing Size, Price, and Description of upwards of 100 articles, consisting of


Ladies' Portmanteaus,

DESPATCH-BOXES, WRITING-DESKS, DRESSING-CASES, and other travelling requisites, Gratis on application, or sent free by Post on receipt of Two Stamps.

MESSRS. ALLEN'S registered Despatch-box and Writing-desk, their Travelling-bag with the opening as large as the bag, and the new Portmanteau containing four compartments, are undoubtedly the best articles of the kind ever produced.

J. W. & T. ALLEN, 18 & 22. West Strand.

* * * * *

BENNETT'S MODEL WATCH, as shown at the GREAT EXHIBITION. No. 1. Class X., in Gold and Silver Cases, in five qualities, and adapted to all Climates, may now be had at the MANUFACTORY, 65. CHEAPSIDE. Superior Gold London-made Patent Levers, 17, 15, and 12 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 4 guineas. First-rate Geneva Levers, in Gold Cases, 12, 10, and 8 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 5 guineas. Superior Lever, with Chronometer Balance, Gold, 27, 23, and 19 guineas. Bennett's Pocket Chronometer, Gold, 50 guineas; Silver, 40 guineas. Every Watch skilfully examined, timed, and its performance guaranteed. Barometers, 2l., 3l., and 4l. Thermometers from 1s. each.

BENNETT, Watch, Clock and Instrument Maker to the Royal Observatory, the Board of Ordnance, the Admiralty, and the Queen,


* * * * *



BLAND & LONG, 153. FLEET STREET, OPTICIANS and PHILOSOPHICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS, invite attention to their Stock of STEREOSCOPES of all Kinds, and in various Materials; also, to their New and Extensive Assortment of STEREOSCOPIC PICTURES for the same, in DAGUERREOTYPE, on PAPER, and TRANSPARENT ALBUMEN PICTURES on GLASS, including Views of London, Paris, the Rhine, Windsor, &c. These Pictures, for minuteness of Detail and Truth in the Representation of Natural Objects, are unrivalled.

BLAND & LONG, Opticians, 153. Fleet Street, London.

*** "Familiar Explanation of the Phenomena" sent on Application.

* * * * *

IMPROVEMENT IN COLLODION.—J. B. HOCKIN & CO., Chemists, 289. Strand, have, by an improved mode of Iodizing, succeeded in producing a Collodion equal, they may say superior, in sensitiveness and density of Negative, to any other hitherto published; without diminishing the keeping properties and appreciation of half tint for which their manufacture has been esteemed.

Apparatus, pure Chemicals, and all the requirements for the practice of Photography. Instruction in the Art.


* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHY.—HORNE & CO.'S Iodized Collodion, for obtaining Instantaneous Views, and Portraits in from three to thirty seconds, according to light.

Portraits obtained by the above, for delicacy of detail rival the choicest Daguerreotypes, specimens of which may be seen at their Establishment.

Also every description of Apparatus, Chemicals, &c. &c. used in this beautiful Art.—123. and 121. Newgate Street.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERAS.—OTTEWILL'S REGISTERED DOUBLE-BODIED FOLDING CAMERA, is superior to every other form of Camera, for the Photographic Tourist, from its capability of Elongation or Contraction to any Focal Adjustment, its Portability, and its adaptation for taking either Views or Portraits.—The Trade supplied.

Every Description of Camera, or Slides, Tripod Stands, Printing Frames, &c., may be obtained at his MANUFACTORY, Charlotte Terrace, Barnsbury Road, Islington.

New Inventions, Models, &c., made to order or from Drawings.

* * * * *


KNIGHT & SONS' Illustrated Catalogue, containing Description and Price of the best forms of Cameras and other Apparatus. Voightlander and Son's Lenses for Portraits and Views, together with the various Materials, and pure Chemical Preparations required in practising the Photographic Art. Forwarded free on receipt of Six Postage Stamps.

Instructions given in every branch of the Art.

An extensive Collection of Stereoscopic and other Photographic Specimens.

GEORGE KNIGHT & SONS, Foster Lane, London.

* * * * *

Valuable Illustrated Books at Reduced Prices.

ROBERTS' HOLY LAND. 250 Plates. 16l. 16s. Published at 41 guineas.

DIGBY WYATT'S INDUSTRIAL ARTS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 160 Plates. 2 vols. folio. half-bound morocco. 10l. 10s. Published at 17l. 17s.

DIGBY WYATT'S METAL WORK, and its ARTISTIC DESIGN. 56 Plates. Folio, half-bound morocco, 3l. 3s. Published at 6l. 6s.

London: GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

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Now ready, price 25s., Second Edition, revised and corrected. Dedicated by Special Permission to


PSALMS AND HYMNS FOR THE SERVICE OF THE CHURCH. The words selected by the Very Rev. H. H. MILMAN, D.D., Dean of St. Paul's. The Music arranged for Four Voices, but applicable also to Two or One, including Chants for the Services, Responses to the Commandments, and a Concise SYSTEM OF CHANTING, by J. B. SALE, Musical Instructor and Organist to Her Majesty. 4to., neat, in morocco cloth, price 25s. To be had of Mr. J. B. SALE, 21. Holywell Street, Millbank, Westminster, on the receipt of a Post-office Order for that amount: and, by order, of the principal Booksellers and Music Warehouses.

"A great advance on the works we have hitherto had, connected with our Church and Cathedral Service."—Times.

"A collection of Psalm Tunes certainly unequalled in this country."—Literary Gazette.

"One of the best collections of tunes which we have yet seen. Well merits the distinguished patronage under which it appears."—Musical World.

"A collection of Psalms and Hymns, together with a system of Chanting of a very superior character to any which has hitherto appeared."—John Bull.

London: GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

Also, lately published,

J. B. SALE'S SANCTUS, COMMANDMENTS and CHANTS as performed at the Chapel Royal St. James, price 2s.

C. LONSDALE, 26. Old Bond Street.

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PIANOFORTES, 25 Guineas each.—D'ALMAINE & CO., 20. Soho Square (established A.D. 1785), sole manufacturers of the ROYAL PIANOFORTES, at 25 Guineas each. Every instrument warranted. The peculiar advantages of these pianofortes are best described in the following professional testimonial, signed by the majority of the leading musicians of the age:—"We, the undersigned members of the musical profession, having carefully examined the Royal Pianofortes manufactured by MESSRS. D'ALMAINE & CO., have great pleasure in bearing testimony to their merits and capabilities. It appears to us impossible to produce instruments of the same size possessing a richer and finer tone, more elastic touch, or more equal temperament, while the elegance of their construction renders them a handsome ornament for the library, boudoir, or drawing-room. (Signed) J. L. Abel, F. Benedict, H. R. Bishop, J. Blewitt, J. Brizzi, T. P. Chipp, P. Delavanti, C. H. Dolby, E. F. Fitzwilliam, W. Forde, Stephen Glover, Henri Herz, E. Harrison, H. F. Hasse, J. L. Hatton, Catherine Hayes, W. H. Holmes, W. Kuhe, G. F. Kiallmark, E. Land, G. Lauza, Alexander Lee, A. Leffler, E. J. Loder, W. H. Montgomery, S. Nelson, G. A. Osborne, John Parry, H. Panofka, Henry Phillips, F. Praegar, E. F. Rimbault, Frank Romer, G. H. Rodwell, E. Rockel, Sims Reeves, J. Templeton, F. Weber, H. Westrop, T. H. Wright," &c.

D'ALMAINE & CO., 20. Soho Square. Lists and Designs Gratis.

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Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 10. Stonefield Street, in the Parish of St. Mary, Islington, at No. 5. New Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London; and published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet Street aforesaid.—Saturday, February 4, 1854.


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