Notes and Queries, Number 204, September 24, 1853
Author: Various
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The simplicity of the thing makes any farther description of it unnecessary, to say nothing of your valuable space.


Mr. Sisson's Developing Solution.—The REV. MR. SISSON, in a letter I received from him a few days ago, stated that he had been trying, at the recommendation of a gentleman who had written to him upon the subject, a stronger developing solution than that the formula for which he published some time back in your pages, and that it gave splendid positive pictures with very short exposure in the camera.

Since I received his letter I have been able to corroborate his testimony in favour of the stronger solution, and have much pleasure in sending you the formula for the benefit of your readers. It is this: 1-1/2 drachms of protosulphate of iron in five ounces of water, 1 drachm of nitrate of lead, letting it settle for some hours; pour off the clear liquid, and then add to it 2 drachms of acetic acid.


20. Compton Terrace, Islington.

Mr. Stewart's Pantograph.—Will some of your photographic readers, who may know the proper size of MR. STEWART'S pantograph, give a detailed description of it? We should have focal length of lens, size of box, and the length of the sliding, parts of it. Cannot the lens be made fast in the middle of the box, provided the frames can be adjusted for different-sized pictures?


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Replies to Minor Queries.

George Browne of Shefford (Vol. viii., p. 243.).—I observe that in your interesting publication you have inserted the Query which I sent you long since. A somewhat similar Query of mine has already appeared, and been answered by your correspondents H. C. C. and T. HUGHES; the latter stating that my particulars are not strictly correct, inasmuch as the individual styled by me as "Sir George Browne, Bart.," was in reality simple "George Browne, Esq." I admit this error; but if I was wrong, MR. HUGHES was so too, for George Browne's wife was Eleanor, and not Elizabeth, Blount, as appears by his affidavit in the State Paper Office, wherein he deposes that he "had by Ellinor, his late wife, deceased daughter of Sir Richard Blount, eight sons, namely, George, Richard, Anthony, John, William, Henry, Francis, and Robert, and seven daughters."

The sons are thus disposed of:

1. George, created K. B. at the coronation of Charles II.; married Elizabeth Englefield; had issue two daughters; died 1678.

2. Richard, a captain in the king's army, 1649, and was dead in 1650.

3. Anthony, who was "preferred to the trade of a Marchant," 1650.

4. John, a page to Prince Thomas, uncle to the Duke of Savoy; created Bart. 1665; married Mrs. Bradley; had issue.

5. William, had a "reversion of a copyhold in Shefford."

6. Henry, died unmarried, 1668; buried at Shefford.

7. Francis, nine years old in 1651; and

8. Robert, four years old in 1651.

In that year (1651) Henry, Francis, and Robert were living with their guardian, Mr. {302} Libb, of Hardwick, Oxon; and soon afterwards we find them placed under the care of a clergyman at Appleshaw. But here we seem to lose sight of them altogether.

MR. HUGHES says that the only sons who married were George, the heir, and John, the younger brother; but we have no evidence of this; and as it is probable that some of the others, namely, Richard, Anthony, William, Francis, and Robert, married, I wish to procure proof either that they did or did not. If any of these married, I wish to know which of them, to whom, and when and where.

Perhaps some of your correspondents can tell me where Richard, Anthony, and William resided, and what became of Francis and Robert after they had left their tutor, the minister of Appleshaw.


Wheale (Vol. vi., p. 579.; Vol. vii., p. 96.).—Since this word is once more brought forward in "N. & Q." (Vol. viii., p. 208.), I will answer the Query respecting it. I was prepared to do so shortly after it first appeared, but I had reason to expect a reply from one more conversant with such archaisms. If the Querist, or either respondent, had examined the context, he could not have failed to discover a clue to the meaning, as the words "gall of dragons" instead of "wine," and "wheale" instead of "milk," are evidently translations of sound expressions in the preface of Pope Sixtus (or Xystus) V., to his edition of the Vulgate. The words there are "fel draconum pro vino, pro lacte sanies obtruderetur." Wheale more commonly signified, in later times, a pustule or boil; but it is from the Ang.-Sax. hwele, putrefaction. The bad taste of such language is too manifest to require farther comment.

If I were disposed to conclude with a Query, I might ask where Q. found that wheale ever meant whey?

W. S. W.

Middle Temple.

Sir Arthur Aston (Vol. viii., p. 126.).—He was appointed Governor of Reading, November 29, 1642; that his relative, Geo. Tattershall, Esq., was of Stapleford, Wilts, and only purchased the estate, West Court in Finchampstead, which went, on the marriage of his daughter, to the Hon. Chas. Howard, fourth son of the Earl of Arundel, and was sold by him.


"A Mockery," &c. (Vol. viii., p. 244).—Thomas Lord Denman is the author of the phrase in question. That noble lord, in giving his judgment in the case of O'Connell and others against the Queen, in the House of Lords, September 4, 1844, thus alluded to the judgment of the Court of Queen's Bench in Ireland, overruling the challenge by the traversers to the array, on account of the fraudulent omission of fifty-nine names from the list of jurors of the county of the city of Dublin:

"If it is possible that such a practice as that which has taken place in the present instance should be allowed to pass without a remedy (and no other remedy has been suggested), trial by jury itself, instead of being a security to persons who are accused, will be a delusion, a mockery, and a snare."

See Clark and Finnelly's Reports of Cases in the House of Lords, vol. xi. p. 351.



Norman of Winster (Vol. viii., p. 126).—I do not know if W. is aware that there was a family of Norman who was possessed of a share of the manor of Beeley, in the parish of Ashford, Derbyshire, which came from the Savilles, the said manor having been purchased by Wm. Saville, Esq., 1687.


Arms of the See of York (Vol. viii., pp. 34. 111. 233.).—Thoroton has a curious note on this subject in his History of Nottinghamshire (South Muskham, in the east window of the chancel), from which it would appear that neither Thoroton himself, nor his after-editor Thoresby, could be aware of the change that had taken place. The note, however, may help to complete the catena of those incumbents of the see of York who (prior to Cardinal Wolsey) bore the same arms as the see of Canterbury:

"There are the arms of the see of Canterbury, impaling Arg. three boars' heads erased and erected sable, Booth, I doubt mistaken for the arms of York, as they are with Archbishop Lee's again in the same window; and in the hall window at Newstede the see of Canterbury impales Savage, who was Archbishop of York also, but not of Canterbury that I know of."—Vol. iii. p. 152., ed. Notts, 1796.

Can any of your antiquarian contributors say why the sees of Canterbury and York bore originally the same arms? Had it any relation to the struggle for precedence carried on for so many years between the two sees?


Mr. Waller, in his volume on Monumental Brasses, in describing that of William de Grenfeld, Archbishop of York, says:

"The arms of the two archiepiscopal sees were formerly the same, and continued to be so till the Reformation, when the pall surmounting a crozier was retained by Canterbury, and the cross keys and tiara (emblematic of St. Peter, to whom the minster is dedicated), which until then had been used only for the church of York, were adopted as the armorial bearings of the see."

To the word "tiara" he appends a note:

"Or rather at this period a regal crown, the tiara having been superseded in the reign of Henry VIII."


He gives no authority for the statement, but the note appears contradictory, and implies two changes in the first to the cross-keys and tiara, which may corroborate the notion of its having been adopted by Cardinal Wolsey; secondly, the substitution of the crown for the tiara. Can this be proved?

F. H.

Roger Wilbraham, Esq.'s, Cheshire Collection (Vol. viii., p. 270.).—It is probable these MSS. are still at the family seat of the Wilbrahams, Delamere Lodge, Northwitch. When Ormerod published his History of Cheshire, in 1819, they were in the custody of the family. He says (vol. iii. p. 232.):

"In the possession of the family is a curious series of journals commenced by Richard Wilbraham of Nantwich, who died in 1612, and continued regularly to the time of his great-great-grandson, who died in 1732. As a genealogical document, such a memorial is invaluable; and it contains many curious incidental notices of passing events, and of minute particulars relating to the town of Nantwich, of whose rights the Wilbrahams of Townsend were the never-failing and active guardians."


Pierrepont (Vol. vii., p. 606.).—A descendant thanks C. J. The information wanted is parentage and descent of John Pierrepont of Wadworth, who in a family mem. by his great-great-granddaughter is called "Uncle to Evelyn, Earl of P." Any information respecting John Pierrepont or his descendants through Margaret Stevens will much oblige.

A. F. B.


Passage in Bacon (Vol. viii., p. 141.).—In the Notes on Bacon's Essay II. "On Death," there appears the following:

"In the passage of Juvenal, the words are 'Qui spatium vitae,' and not 'Qui finem vitae,' as quoted by Lord Bacon. Length of days is meant."

His lordship's memory and ear too certainly misled him with respect to the wording, but he has correctly given us the sense. Juvenal has been arguing (l. iv. Sat. x.) on the vanity of earthly blessings, so called, in quite a philosophic way; it is hardly possible to suppose him closing his sermon with—

"Fortem posce animum, mortis terrore carentem, Qui spatium vitae extremum inter munera ponat Naturae, qui ferre queat quoscumque labores, Nesciat irasci, cupiat nihil, et potiores Herculis aerumnas credat, saevosque labores, Et Venere, et coenis, et plume Sardanapali."

if by spatium he meant "length;" but how apt and beautiful in Lord Bacon's sense! A note on the passage in the Var. Ed. of 1684 has "Qui sciat mortem munus aliquod naturae esse."


Monumental Inscription in Peterborough Cathedral (Vol. viii., p. 215.).—In consequence of the very curious Notes communicated by H. THOS. WAKE, I would beg to draw that gentleman's attention to the very important MS. collections of Bp. White Kennet on the subject of this cathedral in the Lansd. MSS., British Museum, to which I shall be happy to give him the references in a private letter, if he will favour me with his address.


Lord North (Vol. vii., p. 207).—I feel much obliged to your correspondent C. for his courtesy in replying to my inquiry concerning this nobleman. His remembrance of the personal appearance of George III., and his remarks on the subject, are in my opinion conclusive; but the appearance of the statement in the Life of Goldsmith was such as to provoke inquiry. May I ask our correspondent C. (who appears to be acquainted with the North genealogy) whether a sister of the premier North, by the some mother, was not alive some years after the year 1734? Collins records the birth of an infant daughter, but the fact is overlooked in modern peerages.


Land of Green Ginger (Vol. viii., pp. 34. 160. 227.).—Mr. Frost, in his History, p. 71., &c., has shown many instances of alteration in the names of streets in Hull from the names of persons, as from Aldegate to Scale Lane, from Schayl, a Dutchman; and MR. RICHARDSON has made it most probable that the designation "Land of Green Ginger" took place betwixt 1640 and 1735. It has occurred to me, that a family of the Dutch name of Lindegreen (green lime-trees) resided at Hull within the last fifty years or more. Now the "junior" of this name would be called in Dutch "Lindegroen jonger," which may have originated the corruption "Land o' green ginger." This conjecture would amount to solution of the question, if the Lindegreens had about 150 years ago any property or occupation in this lane. The Dutch had necessarily much intercourse with Hull: one of their imports was the lamprey, chiefly as bait for turbot, cod, &c. obtained in the Ouse near the mouth of the Derwent; which fish was conveyed in boats in Ouse Water, and was kept alive and lively by means of poles made to revolve in these floating fish-ponds, as I was informed by an alderman prior to the reform of that ancient borough. But lamprey has now either migrated, or been exterminated by clearing the Ouse of stones[5], or by the excessive cupidity of the fisherman or gastronomer.



[Footnote 5: The Petromyzon by attaching itself to a stone forms a drill, by which it furrows the shoal for the deposit of its spawn.]


Sheer, and Shear Hulk (Vol. vii., p. 126.)—A sheer hulk is a mere hulk, simply the hull of a vessel unfurnished with masts and rigging. A shear hulk, on the contrary, is the hull of a vessel fitted with shears (so termed from their resemblance to the blades of a pair of shears when opened), for the purpose of masting and dismasting other vessels.

The use of the word buckle, in the signification of bend, is exceedingly common both among seamen and builders. For its use among the former I can vouch; and among the latter, see the evidence at the coroner's inquest on the late melancholy and mysterious accident at the Crystal Palace.



Serpent with a Human Head (Vol. iv., p. 191.).—The following passage from Gervasius Tilberiensis (Otia Imperialia, lib. i sect. 15.) shows that the idea of the serpent which tempted Eve, having a woman's head, was current in the time of Bede. I having not had an opportunity of finding whereabouts in Bede's writings the passage quoted by Gervasius occurs:

"Nec erit omittendum, quod ait Beda, loquens de serpente qui Evam seduxit: 'Elegit enim diabolus quoddam genus serpentis foemineum vultum habentis, quia similes similibus applaudunt, et movit ad loquendum linguam ejus."

C. W. G.

"When the maggot bites" (Vol. viii., p 244.).—An ANON correspondent asks for a note to explain the origin of the saying that thing done on the spur of the moment is done "when the maggot bites." Perhaps the best explanation is that afforded in the following passage from Swift's Discourse on the Mechanical Operation of the Spirit:

"It is the opinion of choice virtuosi that the brain is only a crowd of little animals with teeth and claws extremely sharp, and which cling together in the contexture we behold, like the picture of Hobbes's Leviathan; or like bees in perpendicular swarm on a tree; or like a carrion corrupted into vermin, still preserving the shape and figure of the mother animal: that all invention is formed by the morsure of two or more of these animals upon certain capillary nerves which proceed from thence, whereof three branches spring into the tongue and two into the right hand. They hold also that these animals are of a constitution extremely cold: that their food is the air we attract, their excrement phlegm. And that what we vulgarly call rheums, and colds, and distillations, is nothing else but an epidemical looseness to which that little commonwealth is very subject from the climate it lies under. Farther, that nothing less than a violent heat can disentangle these creatures from their hamated station in life; or give them vigour and humour, to imprint the marks of their little teeth. That if the morsure be hexagonal, it produces poetry; the circular gives eloquence. If the bite hath been conical, the person whose nerve is so affected shall be disposed to write upon politics; and so of the rest."


Definition of a Proverb (Vol. viii., p. 242.).—The proverb, "Wit of one man, the wisdom of many," has been attributed to Lord John Russell: I think in a recent number of the Quarterly Review. The foundation was laid most probably by Bacon:

"The genius, wit, and spirit of a nation are discovered by their proverbs."

It may not be perhaps generally known to your readers, that in a small volume, called Origines de la Lengua Espanola, &c., por Don Gregorio Mayans y Siscar, Bibliothecario del Rei nuestro Senor, en Madrid, Ano 1737, will be found a numerous collection of Spanish proverbs. A MS. note in my copy has a note, stating that the MS. made for Mayans, from the original, in the national library at Madrid, is now in the British Museum, Additional MSS., No. 9939.

The work is divided into dialogues; and in the copy in question are some remarks by a Spanish gentleman, I fear too long for your pages: but I send you an English version by a friend, of one of the couplets in the dialogues, "Diez marcos tengo de oro:"

"Ten marks of gold for the telling, And of silver I have nine score, Good houses are mine to dwell in, And I have a rent-roll more: My line and lineage please me: Ten squires to come at my call, And no lord who flatters or fees me, Which pleases me most of them all."


Woburn Abbey.

Gilbert White of Selborne (Vol. viii., p. 244.).—Oriel College, of which Gilbert White was for more than fifty years a Fellow, some years since offered to have a portrait of him painted for their hall. An inquiry was then made of all the members of his family; but no portrait of any description could be found. I have heard my father say that Gilbert White was much pressed by his brother Thomas (my grandfather) to have his portrait painted, and that he talked of it; but it was never done.


"A Tub to the Whale" (Vol. viii., p. 220.).—In the Appendix B. to Sir James Macintosh's Life of Sir Thomas More is the following passage:

"The learned Mr. Douce has informed a friend of mine, that in Sebastian Munster's Cosmography there is a cut of a ship, to which a whale was coming too close for her safety; and of the sailors throwing a tub {305} to the whale, evidently to play with. The practice of throwing a tub or barrel to a large fish, to divert the animal from gambols dangerous to a vessel, is also mentioned in an old prose translation of the Ship of Fools. These passages satisfactorily explain the common phrase of throwing a tub to a whale."

Sir James Macintosh conjectures that the phrase "the tale of a tub" (which was familiarly known in Sir Thomas More's time) had reference to the tub thrown to the whale.



The Number Nine (Vol. viii., p. 149.).—The property of numbers enunciated and illustrated by MR. LAMMENS resolves itself into two.

1. If from any number above nine be subtracted the number expressed by writing the same digits backwards, the remainder is divisible by nine.

2. If the number nine measure a given number, it measures the sum of its digits.

As the latter is proved in most elementary books on Algebra, I confine my proof to the former.

Let the number in question be—

a0 + a1 . 10 + a2 . 10^2 + ... + a{n-1} . 10^{n-1} + a{n} . 10^{n}


a{n} + a{n-1} . 10 + a{n-2} . 10^2 + ... + a1 . 10^{n-1} + a0 . 10^{n}

is "the same number written backwards." The difference is—

(a{n} - a0)(10^{n} - 1) + (a{n-1} - a1)(10^{n-2} - 1) . 10 + ... + (a{n/2+1} - a{n/2-1})(10^2-1) . 10^{n/2-1} if n be even, but + (a{(n+1)/2} - a{(n-1)/2})(10-1) . 10^{(n-1)/2} if n be odd.

And every term of this difference, as involving a factor of the form (1 - 10^{n}), is divisible by 9; and therefore the difference is divisible by 9.



The Willingham Boy.—ABREDONENSIS will find full information on all the points he appears from your Notices to Correspondents (Vol. viii., p. 66.) to have inquired after in—

"Prodigium Willinghamense, or Authentic Memoirs of the Life of a Boy born at Willingham, near Cambridge, with some Reflections on his Understanding, Strength, Temper, Memory, Genius, and Knowledge, by Thos. Dawkes, Surgeon."

W. P.

Unlucky Days (Vol. vii., p. 232.).—The Latin verses contained in the old Spanish breviary, adverted to by W. PINKERTON, bear a close resemblance to those which are to be found in the Red Book of the Irish Exchequer. The latter form part of a calendar which is supposed to have been written either during the reign of John or Henry III. A similar calendar, with like verses, has been printed by the Archaeological Society, Dublin. As the lines in the Red Book vary in some respects from those which have appeared in "N. & Q.," I have taken the liberty of inclosing a transcript of them.

"January. Prima dies mensis, et septima truncat ut ensis. February. Quarta subit mortem, prosternit tertia fortem. March. Primus mandantem, dirumpit quarta bibentem. April. Denus et undenus, est mortis vulnere plenus. May. Tertius occidit, et septimus hora relidit. June. Denus pallescit, quindenus federa nescit. July. Terdecimus mactat, Julii denus labefactat. August. Prima necat fortem, perditque secunda choortem. September. Tertia Septembris, et denus fert mala membris. October. Tertia cum dena, clamat sit integra vena. November. Scorpius est quintus, et tertius est nece cinctus. December. Septimus exanguis, virosus denus ut anguis."



Rhymes on Places (Vol. vii. passim.).—Midlothian:

"Musselboro' was a boro', Whan Edinboro' was nane; An Musselboro' 'll be a boro', Whan Edinboro's gane."

W. T. M.

Hong Kong.

Cambridgeshire folks say,—

"Hungry Hardwick, Greedy Toft, Hang-up Kingston, Caldecott[6] naught."


[Footnote 6: Pronounced Cawcote.]

Quotation Wanted (Vol. vi., p. 421.).—See Byron's Dream, stanza ii. v. 30.:

"She was his life, The ocean to the river of his thoughts."


Lamech (Vol. vii., p. 432.).—For "Lamech," see Mr. Browne's excellent Ordo Saeclorum, ch. vii. Sec. 302., 1844—a book deserving to be much more widely known.

S. Z. Z. S.

Muggers (Vol. viii., p. 34.).—The names muggers and potters, betokening dealers in mugs and pots, are, in the north of England, applied indiscriminately to hawkers of earthenware, whether of gipsy blood or not. Indeed, the majority are evidently not gipsies.


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We have received from Messrs. Williams and Norgate copies of the first number of two new German periodicals, with which, when they know their nature, some of our readers may desire better acquaintance. Our antiquarian friends, for instance, may be glad to know, that the opening number of one of these, the Anzeige fuer Kunde des Deutschen Vorzeit, Organ des Germanischen Museums (which is to appear monthly), contains, among other articles of antiquarian interest, notes on the earliest known MS. of the Nuremburg Chronicle, and on an early MS. of the Nibelungen; notice of an original Letter of Pirkheimer, relative to the wars of Maximilian against the Swiss; and also of a remarkable, and hitherto unknown, old copper-plate engraving on six sheets by an unknown artist, apparently of the school of Martin Schon, illustrative of that campaign; and an account of an early miscellaneous MS., in which is a List of Masons' Marks. The second is one which will interest all lovers of folk lore. It is edited by J. W. Wolf, and entitled Zeitschrift fuer Deutsche Mythologie und Sittenkunde, and numbers among its contributors, W. Grimm, Nordnagel, Kuhn, and many other good men and true, who have devoted their talents to the study of popular antiquities. We hope shortly to find room for a specimen or two of the "Old World" stories and customs which they have here recorded.

BOOKS RECEIVED.—A Guide containing a Short Historical Sketch of Lynton and Places adjacent in North Devon, including Ilfracombe, by T. H. Cooper: a well-timed guide to the most picturesque portion of one of the most beautiful parts of North Devon, pleasantly interlarded with scraps of folk lore and historical anecdote.—In Bohn's Standard Library, we have a farther issue of Miss Bremer's works, comprising A Diary; The H—— Family; Axel and Anna, and other Tales: and the second volume of Mr. Hickie's translation of The Comedies of Aristophanes forms the issue for the present month of the same publisher's Classical Library.—Mr. Darling proceeds with great regularity in the publication of his Cyclopoedia Bibliographica, of which we have received No. XII., which extends from Bernard Lancy to Martin Madan.—The Irish Quarterly Review, No. XI. for September, contains, among other articles of general interest, such as those on French Social Life and Fashion in Poetry, and the Poets of Fashion, a farther portion of the amusing anecdotical paper, entitled The Streets of Dublin.

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OSWALLI CROLLII OPERA. 12mo. Geneva, 1635.

GAFFARELL'S UNHEARD-OF CURIOSITIES. Translate by Chelmead. London, 12mo. 1650.

BEAUMONT'S PSYCHE. 2nd Edit. folio. Camb. 1702.

THE MONTHLY ARMY LIST from 1797 to 1800 inclusive. Published by Hookham and Carpenter, Bond Street. Square 12mo.





MRS. ELLIS'S SOCIAL DISTINCTIONS. Tallis's Edition. Vols. II. and III. 8vo.


JUNIUS DISCOVERED. By P. T. Published about 1789.





WHO WAS JUNIUS? Glynn. 1837.

SOME NEW FACTS, &c., by Sir F. Dwarris. 1850.

*** Correspondents sending Lists of Books Wanted are requested to send their names.

*** Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, carriage free, to be sent to MR. BELL, Publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES," 186. Fleet Street.

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Notices to Correspondents.

G. T. (Reading). We are happy to be able to assure our Correspondent that that venerable antiquary JOHN BRITTON is still among us, and, when we last saw him, as hale as his best friends could wish.

H. H. R. will find in our earlier volumes several Notes on the subject of his Query.

W. M. The line

"Incidis in Scyllam cupiens vitare Charybdim,"

is from lib. v. 301. of the Alexandreis of Philip Gualtier: and not Tempora, but

"Omnia mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis,"

is from a poem by Matthew Borbonius in the Delitiae Poetarum Germanorum, vol. i. p. 683.

H. C. C. Will this Correspondent favour us with his address in exchange for that of NEWBURY, which we have, and who wishes to correspond with him?

J. O. May we insert the interesting Reply sent by this Correspondent, or is it his wish that we should forward it?

W. S. F. will find an interesting article on the loss of Gray's original MS. from La Grande Chartreuse, in our First Volume, p. 416.

J. M. G. Is not the translation of The Ode, spoken of in the article alluded to as being by James Hay Beattie, the one respecting which our Querist inquires?

F. M. (A Maltese). 1. We should recommend our Correspondent to make his gun cotton with the nitrate of potash and sulphuric acid, as originally recommended in "N. & Q.," taking care that they are both thoroughly incorporated before the addition of the cotton. Much vexation often occurs in consequence of the various strengths of nitric acid. But the gun cotton can now be procured at some of the photographic houses quite as reasonably as it can be prepared. 2. Acetic acid is added to the pyrogallic acid to prevent its too rapid decomposition, and to facilitate the more easy flowing of the fluid over the plate. But the more acetic acid is used, the more slow will be the development. 3. Is not the cracking of the albumen the result of the climate of Malta?

F. (Manchester). We do not think that you can do better than adopt strictly the mode of obtaining positives recommended by MR. POLLOCK, and which we printed some time since; or that pursued by DR. DIAMOND, which we have in type, but have been compelled to postpone until next week.

A. B. C. Having ourselves practised the Paper Process, according to the directions given in our first Number for the present year (with the correction of using the gallic acid, which, as stated in a subsequent Number, was by accident omitted), we would advise our Correspondent to adhere strictly to those rules rather than any other with which we have since become acquainted. We are of opinion that sufficient care is very rarely used in the preparation of the iodized paper, and upon which all future success must depend.

A few complete sets of "NOTES AND QUERIES," Vols. i. to vii., price Three Guineas and a Half, may now be had; for which early application is desirable.

"NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, so that the Country Booksellers may receive Copies in that night's parcels, and deliver them to their Subscribers on the Saturday.

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Dr. Wurzer's Testimonial.

"Bonn, July 19. 1852.

"This light and pleasant Farina is one of the most excellent, nourishing, and restorative remedies, and supersedes, in many cases, all kinds of medicines. It is particularly useful in confined habit of body, as also diarrhoea, bowel complaints, affections of the kidneys and bladder, such as stone or gravel; inflammatory irritation and cramp of the urethra, cramp of the kidneys and bladder, strictures, and hemorrhoids. This really invaluable remedy is employed with the most satisfactory result, not only in bronchial and pulmonary complaints, where irritation and pain are to be removed, but also in pulmonary and bronchial consumption, in which it counteracts effectually the troublesome cough; and I am enabled with perfect truth to express the conviction that Du Barry's Revalenta Arabica is adapted to the cure of incipient hectic complaints and consumption.

"DR. RUD WURZER. "Counsel of Medicine, and practical M.D. in Bonn."

London Agents:—Fortnum, Mason & Co., 182. Piccadilly, purveyors to Her Majesty the Queen; Hedges & Butler, 155. Regent Street; and through all respectable grocers, chemists, and medicine venders. In canisters, suitably packed for all climates, and with full instructions, 1lb. 2s. 9d.; 2lb. 4s. 6d.; 5lb. 11s.; 12lb. 22s.; super-refined, 5lb. 22s.; 10lb. 33s. The 10lb. and 12lb. carriage free, on receipt of Post-office order.—Barry, Du Barry Co., 77. Regent Street, London.

IMPORTANT CAUTION.—Many invalids having been seriously injured by spurious imitations under closely similar names, such as Ervalenta, Arabaca, and others, the public will do well to see that each canister bears the name BARRY, DU BARRY & CO., 77. Regent Street, London, in full, without which none is genuine.

* * * * *



Founded A.D. 1842.

* * * * *


H. E. Bicknell, Esq. T. S. Cocks, Jun. Esq., M. P. G. H. Drew, Esq. W. Evans, Esq. W. Freeman, Esq. F. Fuller, Esq. J. H. Goodhart, Esq. T. Grissell, Esq. J. Hunt, Esq. J. A. Lethbridge, Esq. E. Lucas, Esq. J. Lys Seager, Esq. J. B. White, Esq. J. Carter Wood, Esq.

Trustees.—W. Whateley, Esq., Q.C.; George Drew, Esq., T. Grissell, Esq. Physician.—William Rich. Basham, M.D. Bankers.—Messrs. Cocks, Biddulph, and Co., Charing Cross.


POLICIES effected in this Office do not become void through temporary difficulty in paying a Premium, as permission is given upon application to suspend the payment at interest, according to the conditions detailed in the Prospectus.

Specimens of Rates of Premium for Assuring 100l., with a Share in three-fourths of the Profits:—

Age L s. d. 17 1 14 4 22 1 18 8 27 2 4 5 32 2 10 8 37 2 18 6 42 3 8 2


Now ready, price 10s. 6d., Second Edition, with material additions. INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENT and EMIGRATION: being a TREATISE ON BENEFIT BUILDING SOCIETIES, and on the General Principles of Land Investment, exemplified in the Cases of Freehold Land Societies, Building Companies, &c. With a Mathematical Appendix on Compound Interest and Life Assurance. By ARTHUR SCRATCHLEY, M.A., Actuary to the Western Life Assurance Society, 3. Parliament Street, London.

* * * * *


7. St. Martin's Place, Trafalgar Square, London.

PARTIES desirous of INVESTING MONEY are requested to examine the Plan of this Institution, by which a high rate of Interest may be obtained with perfect Security.

Interest payable in January and July.

PETER MORRISON, Managing Director.

Prospectuses free on application.

* * * * *

DAGUERREOTYPE MATERIALS.—Plates, Cases, Passepartoutes, Best and Cheapest. To be had in great variety at

McMILLAN'S Wholesale Depot, 132. Fleet Street.

Price List Gratis.

* * * * *

BENNETT'S MODEL WATCH, as shown at the GREAT EXHIBITION, No. 1. Class X., in Gold and Silver Cases, in five qualities, and adapted to all Climates, may now be had at the MANUFACTORY, 65. CHEAPSIDE. Superior Gold London-made Patent Levers, 17, 15, and 12 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 4 guineas. First-rate Geneva Levers, in Gold Cases, 12, 10, and 8 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 5 guineas. Superior Lever, with Chronometer Balance, Gold, 27, 23, and 19 guineas. Bennett's Pocket Chronometer, Gold, 50 guineas; Silver, 40 guineas. Every Watch skilfully examined, timed, and its performance guaranteed. Barometers, 2l., 3l., and 4l. Thermometers from 1s. each.

BENNETT, Watch, Clock, and Instrument Maker to the Royal Observatory, the Board of Ordnance, the Admiralty, and the Queen,


* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC PICTURES.—A Selection of the above beautiful Productions (comprising Views in VENICE, PARIS, RUSSIA, NUBIA, &c.) may be seen at BLAND & LONG'S, 153. Fleet Street, where may also be procured Apparatus of every Description, and pure Chemicals for the practice of Photography in all its Branches.

Calotype, Daguerreotype, and Glass Pictures for the Stereoscope.

*** Catalogues may be had on application.

BLAND & LONG, Opticians, Philosophical and Photographical Instrument Makers, and Operative Chemists, 153. Fleet Street.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHY.—HORNE & CO.'S Iodized Collodion, for obtaining Instantaneous Views, and Portraits in from three to thirty seconds, according to light.

Portraits obtained by the above, for delicacy of detail rival the choicest Daguerreotypes, specimens of which may be seen at their Establishment.

Also every description of Apparatus, Chemicals, &c. &c. used in this beautiful Art.—123. and 121. Newgate Street.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC PAPER.—Negative and Positive Papers of Whatman's, Turner's, Sanford's, and Canson Freres' make. Waxed-Paper for Le Gray's Process. Iodized and Sensitive Paper for every kind of Photography.

Sold by JOHN SANFORD, Photographic Stationer, Aldine Chambers, 13. Paternoster Row, London.

* * * * *

IMPROVEMENT IN COLLODION.—J.B. HOCKIN & CO., Chemists, 289. Strand, have, by an improved mode of Iodizing, succeeded in producing a Collodion equal, they may say superior, in sensitiveness and density of Negative, to any other hitherto published; without diminishing the keeping properties and appreciation of half tint for which their manufacture has been esteemed.

Apparatus, pure Chemicals, and all the requirements for the practice of Photography. Instruction in the Art.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERAS.—OTTEWILL'S REGISTERED DOUBLE-BODIED FOLDING CAMERA, is superior to every other form of Camera, for the Photographic Tourist, from its capability of Elongation or Contraction to any Focal Adjustment, its extreme Portability, and its adaptation for taking either Views or Portraits.

Every Description of Camera, or Slides, Tripod Stands, Printing Frames, &c., may be obtained at his MANUFACTORY, Charlotte Terrace, Barnsbury Road, Islington.

New Inventions, Models, &c., made to order or from Drawings.

* * * * *

W. H. HART, RECORD AGENT and LEGAL ANTIQUARIAN (who is in the possession of Indices to many of the early Public Records whereby his Inquiries are greatly facilitated) begs to inform Authors and Gentlemen engaged in Antiquarian or Literary Pursuits, that he is prepared to undertake searches among the Public Records, MSS. in the British Museum, Ancient Wills, or other Depositories of a similar Nature, in any Branch of Literature, History, Topography, Genealogy, or the like, and in which he has had considerable experience.


* * * * *


Just ready, with Woodcuts, fcap. 8vo., 1s.

THE GUILLOTINE. An Historical Essay. By the RIGHT HON. JOHN WILSON CROKER. Reprinted from "The Quarterly Review."

The former Volumes of this Series are—





















To be followed by




JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street.

* * * * *

COMPLETION OF THE WORK.—On the 30th September, cloth 1s.; by Post, 1s. 6d., pp. 192.—WELSH SKETCHES, THIRD (and Last) SERIES. By the Author of "Proposals for Christian Union." Contents:—1. Edward the Black Prince. 2. Owen Glendower, Prince of Wales. 3. Mediaeval Bardism. 4. The Welsh Church.

London: JAMES DARLING, 81. Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields.

* * * * *

Now ready, price 25s., Second Edition, revised and corrected. Dedicated by Special Permission to THE (LATE) ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.

PSALMS AND HYMNS FOR THE SERVICE OF THE CHURCH. The words selected by the Very Rev. H. H. MILMAN, D.D., Dean of St. Paul's. The Music arranged for Four Voices, but applicable also to Two or One, including Chants for the Services. Responses to the Commandments, and a Concise SYSTEM OF CHANTING, by J. B. SALE. Musical Instructor and Organist to Her Majesty. 4to., neat, in morocco cloth, price 25s. To be had of Mr. J. B. SALE, 21. Holywell Street, Millbank, Westminster, on the receipt of a Post-office Order for that amount: and, by order, of the principal Booksellers and Music Warehouses.

"A great advance on the works we have hitherto had, connected with our Church and Cathedral Service."—Times.

"A collection of Psalm Tunes certainly unequalled in this country."—Literary Gazette.

"One of the best collections of tunes which we have yet seen. Well merits the distinguished patronage under which it appears."—Musical World.

"A collection of Psalms and Hymns, together with a system of Chanting of a very superior character to any which has hitherto appeared."—John Bull.

London: GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

Also, lately published,

J. B. SALE'S SANCTUS, COMMANDMENTS and CHANTS as performed at the Chapel Royal St. James, price 2s.

C. LONSDALE, 26. Old Bond Street.

* * * * *

TO NUMISMATISTS, &c.—For Sale, on Moderate Terms, a considerable portion of the celebrated French Work entitled TRESOR DE NUMISMATIQUE ET DE GLYPTIQUE published under the Superintendence of MM. PAUL DELAROCHE, HENRIQUEL DUPONT, and CHARLES LENORMANT; 15 Parts. Paris, 1836. Royal folio, eight bound and seven unbound, in good condition, price Fifteen Guineas. For farther particulars, apply to

MR. GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street, Where the Work may be seen.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION.—An EXHIBITION of PICTURES, by the most celebrated French, Italian, and English Photographers, embracing Views of the principal Countries and Cities of Europe, is now OPEN. Admission 6d. A Portrait taken by MR. TALBOT'S Patent Process, One Guinea; Three extra Copies for 10s.


* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA for SALE.—To be disposed of, A PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA, with Combination Achromatic Lenses, and Apparatus for the Daguerreotype and Collodion Processes. Price 5l. 10s.

Apply to E. FLOWER, 32. Gell Street, Sheffield.

* * * * *



(The Horticultural Part edited by PROF. LINDLEY,)

Of Saturday, September 17, contains Articles on

Agricultural College examinations Anacharis alsinastrum, by Mr. Marshall Antwerp, effect of the winter at Arachis, oil of Ash tree, leaves of Books noticed Bossiaeas Burnturk farm, noticed Calendar, horticultural —— agricultural Cider apple trees Cineraria, culture of Climate of Antwerp —— of India (with engraving) College (Agr.) examinations Conifers, new applications of leaves of, by M. Seemann Coppice, how to prepare for fruit trees Dahlias at Surrey show Drainage discussion Evergreens at Antwerp, effect of the winter on Gomphrena amaranthus Grass land, to improve Ground nuts Gymnopsis uniserialis Henderson's (Messrs. E. G.) nursery Hop mould India, climate of (with engraving) Leaves of the ash tree Leschenaultia formosa Manure, saw-dust as, by Mr. Mackenzie Manuring, liquid Martin Doyle Milk preserving, by Mr. Symington Newcastle Farmers' Club Nuts, ground Onions, by Mr. Symons Orchard houses Pig breeding farm, by Mr. Hulme Pine wool, by M. Seemann Plants, variegated, by Mr. Mackenzie —— vitality of —— new Plums, Dowling's Potato sets, dried, by Mr. Goodiff Radish, Black Spanish Reaping machines Sawdust as manure, by Mr. Mackenzie Sobralia fragrans Steam culture Stock, does live, pay? by Mr. Mechi —— value of, in the United States, by Mr. Shechan Village excursions

* * * * *

THE GARDENERS' CHRONICLE and AGRICULTURAL GAZETTE contains, in addition to the above, the Covent Garden, Mark Lane, Smithfield, and Liverpool prices, with returns from the Potato, Hop, Hay, Coal, Timber, Bark, Wool, and Seed Markets, and a complete Newspaper, with a condensed account of all the transactions of the week.

ORDER of any Newsvender. OFFICE for Advertisements, 5. Upper Wellington Street, Covent Garden, London.

* * * * *


Price 5s. cloth, lettered.

BONNECHOSE'S HISTORY OF FRANCE, translated by W. ROBSON, Translator of Michaud's "History of the Crusades."

"This work is in general use in all the French schools, and the French Academy have recently decreed the Author the first Montyon prize."

London: GEORGE ROUTLEDGE & CO., Farringdon Street.

* * * * *

This Day is published, price 10s. 6d., the Second Volume of MISS AGNES STRICKLAND'S LIFE OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS, forming the Fourth Volume of her LIVES OF THE QUEENS OF SCOTLAND, and English Princesses connected with the Regal Succession. With a Portrait of Mary at the Age of Twenty-five, from the Original Painting presented by herself to Sir Henry Curwen of Workinton Hall.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD & SONS, Edinburgh and London.

* * * * *

Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 10. Stonefield Street, in the Parish of St. Mary, Islington, at No. 5. New Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London; and published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet Street aforesaid.—Saturday, September 24. 1853.

* * * * *

Corrections made to printed original.

page 290, "What were they?": 'What where they' in original.

page 305, in the two expressions after "Let the number in question be" the final superscript (n) was printed as a subscript


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