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Notes and Queries, Number 197, August 6, 1853
Author: Various
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In taking portraits, if you are not an adept in obtaining a focus, cut a slip of newspaper about four inches long, and one and a half wide, and turn up one end so as it may be held between the lips, taking care that the rest be presented quite flat to the camera; with the help of a magnifying-glass set a correct focus to this, and afterwards draw in the tube carrying the lenses about one-sixteenth of a turn of the screw of the rackwork. This will give a medium focus to the head: observe, as the length of focus in different lenses varies, the distance the tube is moved must be learned by practice.

W. M. F.

Is it dangerous to use the Ammonio-Nitrate of Silver?—Some time ago I made a few ounces of a solution of ammonio-nitrate of silver for printing positives; this I have kept in a yellow coloured glass bottle with a ground stopper.

I have, however, been much alarmed, and refrained from using it or taking out the stopper, lest danger should arise, in consequence of reading in Mr. Delamotte's Practice of Photography, p. 95. (vide "Ammonia Solution"):

"If any of the ammonio-nitrate dries round the stopper of the bottle in which it is kept, the least friction will cause it to explode violently; it is therefore better to keep none prepared."

As in pouring this solution out and back into the bottle, of course the solution will dry around the stopper, and, if this account is correct, may momentarily lead to danger and accident, I will feel obliged by being informed by some of your learned correspondents whether any such danger exists.

HUGH HENDERSON.

* * * * *

Replies to Minor Queries.

Burke's Marriage (Vol. vii., p. 382.).—Burke married, in 1756, the daughter of Dr. Nugent of Bath. (See Nat. Cycl., s.v. "Burke.")

P. J. F. GANTILLON, B.A.

The House of Falahill (Vol. vi., p. 533.).—As I have not observed any notice taken of the very interesting Query of ABERDONIENSIS, regarding this ancient baronial residence, I may state that there is a Falahill, or Falahall, in the parish of Heriot, in the county of Edinburgh. Whether it be the Falahill referred to by Nisbet as having been so profusely illuminated with armorial bearings, I cannot tell. Possibly either Messrs. Laing, Wilson, or Cosmo Innes might be able to give some information about this topographical and historical mystery.

STORNOWAY.

Descendants of Judas Iscariot (Vol. viii., p. 56.).—There is a collection of traditions as to this person in extracts I have among my notes, which perhaps you may think fit to give as a reply to MR. CREED'S Query. It runs as follows:

"On dit dans l'Anjou et dans le Maine que Judas Iscariot est ne a Sable; la-dessus on a fait ce vers:

'Perfidus Judaeus Sabloliensis erat.'

"Les Bretons disent de meme qu'il est ne au Normandie entre Caen et Rouen, et a ce propos ils recitent ces vers.

'Judas etoit Normand, Tout le monde le dit— Entre Caen et Rouen, Ce malheureux naquit. Il vendit son Seigneur pour trente mares contants. Au diable soient tous les Normands.'

"On dit de meme sans raison que Judas avoit demeure a Corfou, et qu'il y est ne. Pietro della Valle rapporte dans ses Voyages qu'etant a Corfou on lui montra par rarete un homme que ceux du pays assuroient etre de la race du traitre Judas—quoiqu'il le niat. C'est un bruit qui court depuis long tems en cette contree, sans qu'on en sache la cause ni l'origine. Le peuple de la ville de Ptolemais (autrement de l'Acre) disoit de meme sans raison que dans une tour de cette ville on avoit fabrique les trente deniers pour lesquelles Judas avoit vendu notre Seigneur, et pour cela ils appelloient cette tour la Tour Maudite."

This is taken from the second volume of Menagiana, p. 232.

J. H. P. LERESCHE.

Manchester.

Milton's Widow (Vol. viii., p. 12.).—The information once promised by your correspondent CRANMORE still seems very desirable, because the statements of your correspondent MR. HUGHES are not reconcilable with two letters given in Mr. Hunter's very interesting historical tract on Milton, pages 37-8., to which tract I beg to refer MR. HUGHES, who may not have seen it. These letters clearly show that Richard Minshull, the writer of them, had only two aunts, neither of whom could have been Mrs. Milton, as she must have been if she was the daughter of the writer's grandfather, Randall Minshull. Probably this Elizabeth died in infancy, which the Wistaston parish register may show, and which register would perhaps also show (supposing Milton took his wife from Wistaston) the wanting marriage; or if Mrs. Milton was of the Stoke-Minshull family, that parish register would most likely {135} disclose his third marriage, which certainly did not take place sooner than 1662.

GARLICHITHE.

Whitaker's Ingenious Earl (Vol. viii., p. 9.).—It was a frequent saying of Lord Stanhope's, that he had taught law to the Lord Chancellor, and divinity to the Bishops; and this saying gave rise to a caricature, where his lordship is seated acting the schoolmaster with a rod in his hand.

E. H.

Are White Cats deaf? (Vol. vii., p. 331.).—In looking up your Numbers for April, I observe a Minor Query signed SHIRLEY HIBBERD, in which your querist states that in all white cats stupidity seemed to accompany the deafness, and inquires whether any instance can be given of a white cat possessing the function of hearing in anything like perfection.

I am myself possessed of a white cat which, at the advanced age of upwards of seventeen years, still retains its hearing to great perfection, and is remarkably intelligent and devoted, more so than cats are usually given credit for. Its affection for persons is, indeed, more like that of a dog than of a cat. It is a half-bred Persian cat, and its eyes are perfectly blue, with round pupils, not elongated as those of cats usually are. It occasionally suffers from irritation in the ears, but this has not at all resulted in deafness.

H.

Consecrated Roses (Vol. vii., pp. 407. 480.; Vol. viii., p. 38.).—From the communication of P. P. P. it seems that the origin of the consecration of the rose dates so far back as 1049, and was "en reconnaissance" of a singular privilege granted to the abbey of St. Croix. Can your correspondent refer to any account of the origin of the consecration or blessing of the sword, cap, or keys?

G.

The Reformed Faith (Vol. vii., p. 359.).—I must protest against this term being applied to the system which Henry VIII. set up on his rejecting the papal supremacy, which on almost every point but that one was pure Popery, and for refusing to conform to which he burned Protestants and Roman Catholics at the same pile. It suited Cobbett (in his History of the Reformation), and those controversialists who use him as their text-book, to confound this system with the doctrine of the existing Church of England, but it is to be regretted that any inadvertence should have caused the use of similar language in your pages.

J. S. WARDEN.

House-marks (Vol. vii., p. 594.).—It appears to me that the house-marks he alluded to may be traced in what are called merchants' marks, still employed in marking bales of wool, cotton, &c., and which are found on tombstones in our old churches, incised in the slab during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and which till lately puzzled the heralds. They were borne by merchants who had no arms.

E. G. BALLARD.

Trash (Vol. vii., p. 566.).—The late Mr. Scatchard, of Morley, near Leeds, speaking in Hone's Table Book of the Yorkshire custom of trashing, or throwing an old shoe for luck over a wedding party, says:

"Although it is true that an old shoe is to this day called 'a trash,' yet it did not, certainly, give the name to the nuisance. To 'trash' originally signified to clog, encumber, or impede the progress of any one (see Todd's Johnson); and, agreeably to this explanation, we find the rope tied by sportsmen round the necks of fleet pointers to tire them well, and check their speed, is hereabouts universally called 'trash cord,' or 'dog trash.' A few miles distant from Morley, west of Leeds, the 'Boggart' or 'Barguest,' the Yorkshire Brownie is called by the people the Gui-trash, or Ghei-trash, the usual description of which is invariably that of a shaggy dog or other animal, encumbered with a chain round its neck, which is heard to rattle in its movements. I have heard the common people in Yorkshire say, that they 'have been trashing about all day;' using it in the sense of having had a tiring walk or day's work.

"East of Leeds the 'Boggart' is called the Padfoot."

G. P.

Adamsoniana (Vol. vii., p. 500.).—Michel Adanson (not Adamson), who has left his name to the gigantic Baobab tree of Senegal (Adansonia digitata), and his memory to all who appreciate the advantages of a natural classification of plants—for which Jussieu was indebted to him—was the son of a gentleman, who after firmly attaching himself to the Stuarts, left Scotland and entered the service of the Archbishop of Aix. The Encyclopaedia Britannica, and, I imagine, almost all biographical dictionaries and similar works, contain notices of him. His devoted life has deserved a more lengthened chronicle.

SELEUCUS.

Your correspondent E. H. A., who inquires respecting the family of Michel Adamson, or Michael Adamson, is informed that in France, the country of his birth, the name is invariably written "Adanson;" while the author of Fanny of Caernarvon, or the War of the Roses, is described as "John Adamson." Both names are pronounced alike in French; but the difference of spelling would seem adverse to the supposition that the family of the botanist was of Scottish extraction.

HENRY H. BREEN.

St. Lucia.

Portrait of Cromwell (Vol. viii., p. 55.).—The portrait inquired after by MR. RIX is at the British Museum. Being placed over the cases in the long gallery of natural history, it is extremely difficult to be seen.

JOHN BRUCE.

{136}

Burke's "Mighty Boar of the Forest" (Vol. iii., p. 493.; Vol. iv., p. 391.).—It is not, I hope, too late to notice that Burke's description of Junius is an allusion neither to the Iliad, xiii. 471., nor to Psalm lxxx. 8-13., but to the Iliad, xvii. 280-284. I cannot resist quoting the lines containing the simile, at once for their applicability and their own innate beauty:

"[Greek: Ithusen de dia promachon, sui eikelos alken] [Greek: Kaprioi, host' en oressi kunas thalerous t' aizeous] [Greek: Rheidios ekedassen, elixamenos dia bessas.] [Greek: Os huios Telamonos]."

W. FRASER.

Tor-Mohun.

"Amentium haud Amantium" (Vol. vii., p. 595.).—The following English translation may be considered a tolerably close approximation to the alliteration of the original: "Of dotards not of the doting." It is found in the Dublin edition of Terence, published by J. A. Phillips, 1845.

C. T. R.

Mr. Phillips, in his edition, proposes as a translation of this passage, "Of dotards, not of the doting." Whatever may be its merits in other respects, it is at all events a more perfect alliteration than the other attempts which have been recorded in "N. & Q."

ERICA.

Warwick.

When I was at school I used to translate the phrase "Amentium haud amantium" (Ter. Andr., i. 3. 13.) "Lunatics, not lovers." Perhaps that may satisfy FIDUS INTERPRES.

[Pi]. [Beta].

A friend of mine once rendered this "Lubbers, not lovers."

P. J. F. GANTILLON, B.A.

Talleyrand's Maxim (Vol. vi., p. 575.; Vol. vii., p. 487.).—Young's lines, to which Z. E. R. refers, are:

"Where Nature's end of language is declined, And men talk only to conceal their mind."

With less piquancy, but not without the germ of the same idea, Dean Moss (ob. 1729), in his sermon Of the Nature and Properties of Christian Humility, says:

"Gesture is an artificial thing: men may stoop and cringe, and bow popularly low, and yet have ambitious designs in their heads. And speech is not always the just interpreter of the mind: men may use a condescending style, and yet swell inwardly with big thoughts of themselves."—Sermons, &c., 1737, vol. vii. p. 402.

COWGILL.

English Bishops deprived by Queen Elizabeth (Vol. vii., pp. 260. 344. 509.).—The following particulars concerning one of the Marian Bishops are at A. S. A.'s service. Cuthbert Scot, D.D., sometime student, and, in 1553, Master of Christ's Church College, Cambridge, was made Vice-Chancellor of that University in 1554-5; and had the temporalities of the See of Chester handed to him by Queen Mary in 1556. He was one of Cardinal Pole's delegates to the University of Cambridge, and was concerned in most of the political movements of the day. He, and four other bishops, with as many divines, undertook to defend the principles and practices of the Romish Church against an equal number of Reformed divines. On the 4th of April he was confined, either in the Fleet Prison or the Tower, for abusive language towards Queen Elizabeth; but having by some means or other escaped from durance, he retired to Louvain, where he died, according to Rymer's Foedera, about 1560.

T. HUGHES.

Chester.

Gloves at Fairs (Vol. vii., passim.).—To the list of markets at which a glove was, or is, hung out, may be added Newport, in the Isle of Wight. But a Query naturally springs out of such a note, and I would ask, Why did a glove indicate that parties frequenting the market were exempt from arrest? What was the glove an emblem of?

W. D—N.

As the following extract from Gorr's Liverpool Directory appears to bear upon the point, and as it does not seem to have yet attracted the attention of any of your correspondents, I beg to forward it:—

"Its (i.e. Liverpool's) fair-days are 25th July and 11th Nov. Ten days before and ten days after each fair-day, a hand is exhibited in front of the Town-hall, which denotes protection; during which time no person coming to or going from the town on business connected with the fair can be arrested for debt within its liberty."

I have myself frequently observed the "hand," although I could not discover any appearance of a fair being held.

R.

St. Dominic (Vol. vii., p. 356.).—Your correspondent BOOKWORM will find in any chronology a very satisfactory reason why Machiavelli could not reply to the summons of Benedict XIV., unless, indeed, the Pope had made use of "the power of the keys," to call him up for a brief space to satisfy his curiosity.

J. S. WARDEN.

Names of Plants (Vol. viii., p. 37.).—Ale-hoof means useful in, or to, ale; Ground-ivy having been used in brewing before the introduction of hops. "The women of our northern parts" (says John Gerard), "especially about Wales or Cheshire, do tunne the herbe Ale-hoof into their ale ... being tunned up in ale and drunke, it also purgeth the head from rhumaticke humours flowing from the brain." From the aforesaid tunning, it was also called Tun-hoof (World of Words); and in Gerard, Tune-hoof. {137}

Considering what was meant by Lady in the names of plants, we should refrain from supposing that Neottia spiralis was called the Lady-traces "sensu obsc.," even if those who are more skilled in such matters than I am can detect such a sense. I cannot learn what a lady's traces are; but I suspect plaitings of her hair to be meant. "Upon the spiral sort," says Gerard, "are placed certaine small white flowers, trace fashion," while other sorts grow, he says, "spike fashion," or "not trace fashion." Whence I infer, that in his day trace conveyed the idea of spiral.

A. N.

Specimens of Foreign English (Vol. iii. passim.).—I have copied the following from the label on a bottle of liqueur, manufactured at Marseilles by "L. Noilly fils et C^{ie}." The English will be best understood by being placed in juxtaposition with the original French:

"Le Vermouth

est un vin blanc legerement amer, parfume avec des plantes aromatiques bienfaisantes.

"Cette boisson est tonique, stimulante, febrifuge et astringente: prise avec de l'eau elle est aperitive et raffraichissante: elle est aussi un puissant preservatif contre les fievres et la dyssenterie, maladies si frequentes dans les pays chauds, pour lesquels elle a ete particulierement composee."

"The Wermouth

is a brightly bitter and perfumed with aromatical and good vegetables white wine.

"This is tonic, stimulant, febrifuge and costive drinking; mixed with water it is aperitive, refreshing, and also a powerful preservative of fivers and bloody-flux; those latters are very usual in warmth countries, and of course that liquor has just been particularly made up for that occasion."

HENRY H. BREEN.

St. Lucia.

Blanco White (Vol. vii., pp. 404. 486.).—Your correspondent H. C. K. is right in his impression that the sonnet commencing

"Mysterious Night! when our first parents knew," &c.

was written by Blanco White. See his Life (3 vols., Chapman, 1845), vol. iii. p. 48.

J. K. R. W.

Pistols (Vol. viii., p. 7.).—In Strype's Life of Sir Thomas Smith, Works, Oxon. 1821, mention is made of a statute or proclamation by the Queen in the year 1575, which refers to that of 33 Hen. VIII. c. 6., alluded to by your correspondent J. F. M., and in which the words pistol and pistolet are introduced:

"The Queen calling to mind how unseemly a thing it was, in so quiet and peaceable a realm, to have men so armed; ... did charge and command all her subjects, of what estate or degree soever they were, that in no wise, in their journeying, going, or riding, they carried about them privily or openly any dag, or pistol, or any other harquebuse, gun, or such weapon for fire, under the length expressed by the statute made by the Queen's most noble father.... [Excepting however] noblemen and such known gentlemen, which were without spot or doubt of evil behaviour, if they carried dags or pistolets about them in their journeys, openly, at their saddle bows," &c.

Here the dag or pistolet seems to answer to our "revolvers," and the pistol to our larger horse-pistol.

H. C. K.

—— Rectory, Hereford.

Passage of Thucydides on the Greek Factions (Vol. viii., p. 44.).—If L., or any of your readers, will take the trouble to compare the passage quoted, and the one referred to by him, in the following translation of Smith, with Sir A. Alison's supposititious quotation[7] (Vol. vii., p. 594.), they will find that my inquiry is still unanswered. The passage quoted by L. in Greek is, according to Smith:

"Prudent consideration, to be specious cowardice; modesty, the disguise of effeminacy; and being wise in everything, to be good for nothing."

The passage not quoted, but referred to by L., is:

"He who succeeded in a roguish scheme was wise; and he who suspected such practices in others was still a more able genius."—Vol. i. book iii. p. 281. 4to.: London, 1753.

In this "counterfeit presentment of two brothers," L. may discern a family likeness; but my inquiry was for the identical passage, "sword and poniard" included.

If L. desires to find Greek authority for the general sentiment only, I would refer him to passages, equally to Sir A. Alison's purpose, in Thucydides, iii. 83., viii. 89.; Herodotus, iii. 81.; Plato's Republic, viii. 11., and Aristotle's Politics, v. 6. 9. I beg to thank L. for his attempt, although unsuccessful.

T. J. BUCKTON.

Birmingham.

[Footnote 7: Europe, vol. ix. p. 397., 12mo.]

The earliest Mention of the Word "Party" (Vol. vii., p. 247.).—In a choice volume, printed by "Ihon Day, dwelling over Aldersgate, beneath St. Martines," 1568, I find the word occurring thus:

"The party must in any place see to himselfe, and seeke to wipe theyr noses by a shorte aunswere."—A Discovery and playne Declaration of the Holy Inquisition of Spayne, fol. 10.

Permit me to attach a Query to this. Am I right in considering the above-mentioned book as rare? I do so on the assumption that "Ihon Day" is the Day of black-letter rarity.

R. C. WARDE.

Kidderminster.

{138}

Creole (Vol. vii., p. 381.).—It is curious to observe how differently this word is applied by different nations. The English apply it to white children born in the West Indies; the French, I believe, exclusively to the mixed races; and the Spanish and Portuguese to the blacks born in their colonies, never to whites. The latter, I think, is the true and original meaning, as its primary signification is a home-bred slave (from "criar," to bring up, to nurse), as distinguished from an imported or purchased one.

J. S. WARDEN.

* * * * *

Miscellaneous.

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC.

We have before us a little volume by Mr. Willich, the able Actuary of the University Life Assurance Society, entitled Popular Tables arranged in a new Form, giving Information at Sight for ascertaining, according to the Carlisle Table of Mortality, the Value of Lifehold, Leasehold, and Church Property, Renewal Fines, &c., the Public Funds, Annual Average Price and Interest on Consols from 1731 to 1851; also various interesting and useful Tables, equally adapted to the Office and the Library Table. Ample as is this title-page, it really gives but an imperfect notion of the varied contents of this useful library and writing-desk companion. For instance, Table VIII. of the Miscellaneous Tables gives the average price of Consols, with the average rate of interest, from 1731 to 1851; but this not only shows when Consols were highest and when lowest, but also what Administration was then in power, and the chief events of each year. We give this as one instance of the vast amount of curious information here combined; and we would point out to historical and geographical students the notices of Chinese Chronology in the preface, and the Tables of Ancient and Modern Itinerary Measures, as parts of the work especially deserving of their attention. In short, Mr. Willich's Popular Tables form one of those useful volumes in which masses of scattered information are concentrated in such a way as to render the book indispensable to all who have once tested its utility.

Mormonism, its History, Doctrines, and Practices, by the Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, is a small pamphlet containing the substance of two lectures on this pestilent heresy, delivered by the author before the Kennington Branch of the Church of England Young Men's Society, and is worth the attention of those who wish to know something of this now wide-spread mania.

On the Custom of Borough-English in the County of Sussex, by George R. Corner, Esq. This well-considered paper on a very curious custom owes its origin, we believe, to a Query in our columns. We wish all questions agitated in "N. & Q." were as well illustrated as this has been by the learning and ingenuity of Mr. Corner.

A Narrative of Practical Experiments proving to Demonstration the Discovery of Water, Coals, and Minerals in the Earth by means of the Dowsing Fork or Divining Rod, &c., collected, reported, and edited by Francis Phippen. A curious little pamphlet on a fact in Natural Philosophy, which we believe no philosopher can either understand or account for.

SERIALS RECEIVED.—Murray's Railway Reading: History as a Condition of Social Progress, by Samuel Lucas. An able lecture on an interesting subject.—The Traveller's Library, No. 46.: Twenty Years in the Philippines, by De la Gironiere. One of the best numbers of this valuable series.—Cyclopaedia Bibliographica, Part XI., August. This eleventh Part of Mr. Darling's useful Catalogue extends from James Ibbetson to Bernard Lamy.—Archaeologia Cambrensis, New Series, No. XV.: containing, among other papers of interest to the inhabitants of the principality, one on the arms of Owen Glendwr, by the accomplished antiquary to whom our readers were indebted for a paper on the same subject in our own columns.

* * * * *

BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES WANTED TO PURCHASE.

SOWERBY'S ENGLISH BOTANY, with or without Supplementary Volumes. DUGDALE'S ENGLAND AND WALES, Vol. VIII. London, L. Tallis. LINGARD'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Second Edition, 1823, 9th and following Volumes, in Boards. LONG'S HISTORY OF JAMAICA. LIFE OF THE REV. ISAAC MILLES. 1721. SIR THOMAS HERBERT'S THRENODIA CAROLINA: or, Last Days of Charles I. Old Edition, and that of 1813 by Nicol. SIR THOMAS HERBERT'S TRAVELS IN ASIA AND AFRICA. Folio. LETTERS OF THE HERBERT FAMILY. BISHOP MOSLEY'S VINDICATION. 4to. 1683. LIFE OF ADMIRAL BLAKE, written by a Gentleman bred in his Family. London. 12mo. With Portrait by Fourdrinier. OSWALDI CROLLII OPERA. Genevae, 1635. 12mo. UNHEARD-OF CURIOSITIES, translated by Chilmead. London, 1650. 12mo. BEAUMONT'S PSYCHE. Second Edition. Camb. 1702. fol. MEMOIRS OF THE ROSE, by Mr. John Holland. 1 Vol. 12mo. 1824. LITERARY GAZETTE, 1834 to 1845. ATHENAEUM, commencement to 1835. A NARRATIVE OF THE HOLY LIFE AND HAPPY DEATH OF MR. JOHN ANGIER. London, 1685. MOORE'S MELODIES. 15th Edition. WOOD'S ATHENAE OXONIENSES (ed. Bliss). 4 vols. 4to. 1813-20. THE COMPLAYNTS OF SCOTLAND. 8vo. Edited by Leyden. 1804. SHAKSPEARE'S PLAYS. Vol. V. of Johnson and Steevens's edition, in 15 vols. 8vo. 1739.

*** Correspondents sending Lists of Books Wanted are requested to send their names.

*** Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, carriage free, to be sent to MR. BELL, Publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES," 186. Fleet Street.

* * * * *

Notices to Correspondents.

MR. G. FURRIAN's offer is declined with thanks.

E. W., who inquires respecting the letters N and M in the Book of Common Prayer, is referred to Vol. i., p. 415.; Vol. ii., p. 61.; Vol. iii., pp. 323. 437.

T. and other Correspondents who have written on the subject of Collodion are informed that we shall next week publish a farther communication from DR. DIAMOND upon this point.

ADDENDUM.—Vol. viii., p. 104., add to end of Query on Fragments in Athenaeus, "D'Israeli's Cur. Lit., Bailey's Fragmenta Comicorum."

A few complete sets of "NOTES AND QUERIES," Vols. i. to vii., price Three Guineas and a Half, may now be had; for which early application is desirable.

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{139}

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LONDON BOARD.

Chairman.—Charles Graham, Esq. Deputy-Chairman.—Charles Downes, Esq.

H. Blair Avarne, Esq. E. Lennox Boyd, Esq., F.S.A., Resident. C. Berwick Curtis, Esq. William Fairlie, Esq. D. Q. Henriques, Esq. J. G. Henriques, Esq. F. C. Maitland, Esq. William Railton, Esq. F. H. Thomson, Esq. Thomas Thorby, Esq.

MEDICAL OFFICERS.

Physician.—Arthur H. Hassall, Esq., M.D., 8. Bennett Street, St. James's.

Surgeon.—F. H. Tomson, Esq., 48. Berners Street.

The Bonus added to Policies from March, 1834, to December 31, 1847, is as follows:—

Sum Time Sum added to Sum Assured. Assured. Policy Payable at Death. In 1841. In 1848. - - L L s.d. L s.d. L s.d. 5000 14 years 683 6 8 787 10 0 6470 16 8 * 1000 7 years - - 157 10 0 1157 10 0 500 1 year - - 11 5 0 511 5 0

* EXAMPLE.—At the commencement of the year 1841, a person aged thirty took out a Policy for 1000l., the annual payment for which is 24l. 1s. 8d.; in 1847 he had paid in premiums 168l. 11s. 8d.; but the profits being 21/4 per cent. per annum on the sum insured (which is 22l. 10s. per annum for each 1000l.) he had 157l. 10s. added to the Policy, almost as much as the premiums paid.

The Premiums, nevertheless, are on the most moderate scale, and only one-half need be paid for the first five years, when the Insurance is for Life. Every information will be afforded on application to the Resident Director.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHY.—HORNE & CO.'S Iodized Collodion, for obtaining Instantaneous Views, and Portraits in from three to thirty seconds, according to light.

Portraits obtained by the above, for delicacy of detail rival the choicest Daguerreotypes, specimens of which may be seen at their Establishment.

Also every description of Apparatus, Chemicals, &c. &c. used in this beautiful Art.—123. and 121. Newgate Street.

* * * * *

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERAS.

OTTEWILL'S REGISTERED DOUBLE-BODIED FOLDING CAMERA, is superior to every other form of Camera, for the Photographic Tourist, from its capability of Elongation or Contraction to any Focal Adjustment, its extreme Portability, and its adaptation for taking either Views or Portraits.

Every Description of Camera, or Slides, Tripod Stands, Printing Frames, &c. may be obtained at his MANUFACTORY, Charlotte Terrace, Barnsbury Road, Islington.

New Inventions, Models, &c., made to order or from Drawings.

* * * * *

WANTED, for the Ladies' Institute, 83. Regent Street, Quadrant, LADIES of taste for fancy work,—by paying 21s. will be received as members, and taught the new style of velvet wool work, which is acquired in a few easy lessons. Each lady will be guaranteed constant employment and ready cash payment for her work. Apply personally to Mrs. Thoughey. N.B. Ladies taught by letter at any distance from London.

* * * * *

INDIGESTION, CONSTIPATION, NERVOUSNESS, &c.—BARRY, DU BARRY & CO.'S HEALTH-RESTORING FOOD for INVALIDS and INFANTS.

THE REVALENTA ARABICA FOOD, the only natural, pleasant, and effectual remedy (without medicine, purging, inconvenience, or expense, as it saves fifty times its cost in other remedies) for nervous, stomachic, intestinal, liver and bilious complaints, however deeply rooted, dyspepsia (indigestion), habitual constipation, diarrhoea, acidity, heartburn, flatulency, oppression, distension, palpitation, eruption of the skin, rheumatism, gout, dropsy, sickness at the stomach during pregnancy, at sea, and under all other circumstances, debility in the aged as well as infants, fits, spasms, cramps, paralysis, &c.

A few out of 50,000 Cures:—

Cure, No. 71. of dyspepsia; from the Right Hon. the Lord Stuart de Decies:—"I have derived considerable benefit from your Revalenta Arabica Food, and consider it due to yourselves and the public to authorise the publication of these lines.—STUART DE DECIES."

Cure, No. 49,832:—"Fifty years' indescribable agony from dyspepsia, nervousness, asthma, cough, constipation, flatulency, spasms, sickness at the stomach, and vomitings have been removed by Du Barry's excellent food.—MARIA JOLLY, Wortham Ling, near Diss, Norfolk."

Cure, No. 180:—"Twenty-five years' nervousness, constipation, indigestion, and debility, from which I had suffered great misery, and which no medicine could remove or relieve, have been effectually cured by Du Barry's food in a very short time.—W. R. REEVES, Pool Anthony, Tiverton."

Cure, No. 4,208:—"Eight years' dyspepsia, nervousness, debility, with cramps, spasms, and nausea, for which my servant had consulted the advice of many, have been effectually removed by Du Barry's delicious food in a very short time. I shall be happy to answer any inquiries.—REV. JOHN W. FLAVELL, Ridlington Rectory, Norfolk."

Dr. Wurzer's Testimonial.

"Bonn, July 19. 1852.

"This light and pleasant Farina is one of the most excellent, nourishing, and restorative remedies, and supersedes, in many cases, all kinds of medicines. It is particularly useful in confined habit of body, as also diarrhoea, bowel complaints, affections of the kidneys and bladder, such as stone or gravel; inflammatory irritation and cramp of the urethra, cramp of the kidneys and bladder, strictures, and hemorrhoids. This really invaluable remedy is employed with the most satisfactory result, not only in bronchial and pulmonary complaints, where irritation and pain are to be removed, but also in pulmonary and bronchial consumption, in which it counteracts effectually the troublesome cough; and I am enabled with perfect truth to express the conviction that Du Barry's Revalenta Arabica is adapted to the cure of incipient hectic complaints and consumption.

"DR. RUD WURZER. "Counsel of Medicine, and practical M.D. in Bonn."

London Agents:—Fortnum, Mason & Co., 182. Piccadilly, purveyors to Her Majesty the Queen; Hedges & Butler, 155. Regent Street; and through all respectable grocers, chemists, and medicine venders. In canisters, suitably packed for all climates, and with full instructions, 1lb. 2s. 9d.; 2lb. 4s. 6d.; 5lb. 11s.; 12lb. 22s.; super-refined, 5lb. 22s.; 10lb. 33s. The 10lb. and 12lb. carriage free on receipt of Post-office order.—Barry, Du Barry & Co., 77. Regent Street, London.

IMPORTANT CAUTION.—Many invalids having been seriously injured by spurious imitations under closely similar names, such as Ervalenta, Arabaca, and others, the public will do well to see that each canister bears the name BARRY, DU BARRY & CO., 77. Regent Street, London, in full, without which none is genuine. {140}

* * * * *

TO ALL WHO HAVE FARMS OR GARDENS.

THE GARDENERS' CHRONICLE AND AGRICULTURAL GAZETTE,

(The Horticultural Part edited by PROF. LINDLEY,)

Of Saturday, July 30, contains Articles on

Agriculture, history of Scottish Agricultural College examination papers Annuals, new Azaleas, to propagate Books noticed Brick burning, a nuisance Cabbages, club in Calendar, horticultural —— agricultural Carrot rot, by Dr. Reissek Carts v. waggons Cedar, gigantic Cockroaches, to kill Cycas revoluta, by Mr. Ruppen Drainage bill, London Forests, royal Fruits, wearing out of —— disease in stone, by M. Ysabeau Fumigator, Geach's, by Mr. Forsyth Guano, new source of Honey, thin Horticultural Society Horticultural Society's garden Machine tools Manures, concentrated —— liquid, by Mr. Bardwell Marvel of Peru Mechi's (Mr.) gathering Mirabilis Jalapa New Forest Plant, hybrid Potatoes, Bahama Potato disease —— origin of Poultry, metropolitan show of Races, degeneracy of Roses, Tea —— from cuttings Soil and its uses, by Mr. Morton Strawberry, Nimrod, by Mr. Spencer Truffles, Irish Vegetables, lists of Violet, Neapolitan Waggons and carts Wax insects (with engraving)

* * * * *

THE GARDENERS' CHRONICLE and AGRICULTURAL GAZETTE contains, in addition to the above, the Covent Garden, Mark Lane, Smithfield, and Liverpool prices, with returns from the Potato, Hop, Hay, Coal, Timber, Bark, Wool and Seed Markets, and a complete Newspaper, with a condensed account of all the transactions of the week.

ORDER of any Newsvender. OFFICE for Advertisements, 5. Upper Wellington Street, Covent Garden, London.

* * * * *

Now ready, price 25s., Second Edition, revised and corrected. Dedicated by Special Permission to

THE (LATE) ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.

PSALMS AND HYMNS FOR THE SERVICE OF THE CHURCH. The words selected by the Very Rev. H. H. MILMAN, D.D., Dean of St. Paul's. The Music arranged for Four Voices, but applicable also to Two or One, including Chants for the Services, Responses to the Commandments, and a Concise SYSTEM OF CHANTING, by J. B. SALE, Musical Instructor and Organist to Her Majesty. 4to., neat, in morocco cloth, price 25s. To be had of Mr. J. B. SALE, 21. Holywell Street, Millbank, Westminster, on the receipt of a Post-office Order for that amount: and, by order, of the principal Booksellers and Music Warehouses.

"A great advance on the works we have hitherto had, connected with our Church and Cathedral Service."—Times.

"A collection of Psalm Tunes certainly unequalled in this country."—Literary Gazette.

"One of the best collections of tunes which we have yet seen. Well merits the distinguished patronage under which it appears."—Musical World.

"A collection of Psalms and Hymns, together with a system of Chanting of a very superior character to any which has hitherto appeared."—John Bull.

London: GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

Also, lately published,

J. B. SALE'S SANCTUS, COMMANDMENTS and CHANTS as performed at the Chapel Royal St. James, price 2s.

C. LONSDALE, 26. Old Bond Street.

* * * * *

ALPHABETS.

SHAW'S HANDBOOK OF MEDIAEVAL ALPHABETS AND DEVICES. 1853, 4to., 36 fine Plates printed in Colours (published at 16s.), cloth, 12s.

SILVESTRE, ALPHABET-ALBUM, folio, Paris, 1843, 60 large beautiful Plates (published at 100 francs), half morocco, 20s.

ALPHABETS OF ALL THE ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL LANGUAGES, Leipsig, 1852, royal 8vo., 2s.

Also an extensive Collection of Works on Diplomatics, Mediaeval Charters, &c., by Astle, Montfaucon, Mabillon, and Rodriguez, on sale by

BERNARD QUARITCH, Second-hand Foreign Bookseller, 16. Castle Street, Leicester Square.

*** B. Q.'s Monthly Catalogues are sent Gratis for a Year on prepayment of a Shilling in Postage Stamps.

* * * * *

THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE AND HISTORICAL REVIEW FOR AUGUST, contains the following articles:—1. State Papers of the Reign of Henry VIII. 2. Madame de Longueville. 3. The Prospero of "The Tempest." 4. Letter of Major P. Ferguson during the American War. 5. Wanderings of an Antiquary: Bramber Castle and the Sussex Churches, by Thomas Wright, F.S.A. (with Engravings). 6. St. Hilary Church, Cornwall (with an Engraving). 7. Benjamin Robert Haydon. 8. The Northern Topographers—Whitaker, Surtees, and Raine. 9. Passage of the Pruth in the year 1739. 10. Early History of the Post-Office. 11. Correspondence of Sylvanus Urban: A Peep at the Library of Chichester Cathedral—Christ's Church at Norwich—Rev. Wm. Smith of Melsonby—Godmanham and Londesborough. With Reviews of New Publications, a Report of the Meeting of the Archaeological Institute at Chichester and of other Antiquarian Societies, Historical Chronicle, and OBITUARY. Price 2s. 6d.

NICHOLS & SONS, 25. Parliament Street.

* * * * *

Now ready, Two New Volumes (price 28s. cloth) of

THE JUDGES OF ENGLAND and the Courts at Westminster. By EDWARD FOSS, F.S.A.

Volume Three, 1272-1377. Volume Four, 1377-1485.

Lately published, price 28s. cloth,

Volume One, 1066-1199. Volume Two, 1199-1272.

"A book which is essentially sound and truthful, and must therefore take its stand in the permanent literature of our country."—Gent. Mag.

London: LONGMAN & CO.

* * * * *

GILBERT J. FRENCH,

BOLTON, LANCASHIRE,

RESPECTFULLY informs the Clergy, Architects, and Churchwardens, that he replies immediately to all applications by letter, for information respecting his Manufactures in CHURCH FURNITURE, ROBES, COMMUNION LINEN, &c., &c., supplying full information as to Prices, together with Sketches, Estimates, Patterns of Materials, &c., &c.

Having declined appointing Agents, MR. FRENCH invites direct communications by Post, as the most economical and satisfactory arrangement. PARCELS delivered Free by Railway.

* * * * *

This day is published, price 6d.

OBSERVATIONS ON SOME OF THE MANUSCRIPT EMENDATIONS OF THE TEXT OF SHAKSPEARE. By J. O. HALLIWELL, Esq., F.R.S.

JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36. Soho Square, London.

* * * * *

This day is published, in 8vo., with Fac-simile from an early MS. at Dulwich College, price 1s.

CURIOSITIES OF MODERN SHAKSPEARIAN CRITICISM. By J. O. HALLIWELL, ESQ., F.R.S.

JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36. Soho Square, London./

* * * * *

Just published, price 4s. 6d. per dozen, or nicely bound in cloth, 1s. each.

MORMONISM: its HISTORY, DOCTRINES, and PRACTICES. By the REV. W. SPARROW SIMPSON, B.A. (Late Scholar and Librarian of Queens' College, Cambridge; Curate of St. Mark's, Kennington.)

A. M. PIGOTT, Aldine Chambers, Paternoster Row; and 39. Kennington Gate, London.

* * * * *

Just published, fcap. 8vo., price 5s. in cloth.

SYMPATHIES of the CONTINENT, or PROPOSALS for a NEW REFORMATION. By JOHN BAPTIST VON HIRSCHER, D.D., Dean of the Metropolitan Church of Freiburg, Breisgau, and Professor of Theology in the Roman Catholic University of that City. Translated and edited with Notes and Introduction by the Rev. ARTHUR CLEVELAND COXE, M.A., Rector of St. John's Church, Hartford, Connecticut, U. S.

"The following work will be found a noble apology for the position assumed by the Church of England in the sixteenth century, and for the practical reforms she then introduced into her theology and worship. If the author is right, then the changes he so eloquently urges upon the present attention of his brethren ought to have been made three hundred years ago; and the obstinate refusal of the Council of Trent to make such reforms in conformity with Scripture and Antiquity, throws the whole burthen of the sin of schism upon Rome, and not upon our Reformers. The value of such admissions must, of course, depend in a great measure upon the learning, the character, the position, and the influence of the author from whom they proceed. The writer believes, that questions as to these particulars can be most satisfactorily answered."—Introduction by Arthur Cleveland Coxe.

JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford; and 377. Strand, London.

* * * * *

BENNETT'S MODEL WATCH, as shown at the GREAT EXHIBITION. No. 1. Class X., in Gold and Silver Cases, in five qualities, and adapted to all Climates, may now be had at the MANUFACTORY, 65. CHEAPSIDE. Superior Gold London-made Patent Levers, 17, 15, and 12 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 4 guineas. First-rate Geneva Levers, in Gold Cases, 12, 10, and 8 guineas. Ditto, in Silver Cases, 8, 6, and 5 guineas. Superior Lever, with Chronometer Balance, Gold, 27, 23, and 19 guineas. Bennett's Pocket Chronometer, Gold, 50 guineas; Silver, 40 guineas. Every Watch skilfully examined, timed, and its performance guaranteed. Barometers, 2l., 3l., and 4l. Thermometers from 1s. each.

BENNETT, Watch, Clock and Instrument Maker to the Royal Observatory, the Board of Ordnance, the Admiralty, and the Queen,

65. CHEAPSIDE.

* * * * *

Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 10. Stonefield Street, in the Parish of St. Mary, Islington, at No. 5. New Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London; and published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet Street aforesaid.—Saturday, August 6, 1853.

* * * * *

Corrections made to printed original.

page 131, "obscurity and uncertainty": 'uncertainly' in original.

THE END

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