MR. BERST: How about corn cobs?
MR. JAY SMITH: How about anything in the street, leaves?
DR. ANTHONY: Anything like that, whether it's oak or maple. One goes down as quickly as the other.
MR. CORSAN: On the way down here I called in to see Rodale, and we found him in a mass of brewer's hops and ground up corn cobs. He had them in the chicken house, and you know how a chicken house smells. He had no smell in the chicken house. We looked all through his place, and we saw another big pile of furs, mink, and such trimming off of them, a big pile about that high (indicating), and that will go down. He had everything under the sun in the way of mulch, but corn cobs ground up fine was the chief one in sight.
Personally, I like to grow the mulch on the land right there. We can grow it—up to 10 ton of green mulch to the acre. I have done it many, many times. You have something there that goes down quickly. The very growing of that through the latter part of the summer also uses the nitrogen and hardens up your trees. Then we turn it down and within two to three weeks we have it reseeded, and so we are growing a constant supply in the soil-itself. You get the same effect as hauling in your mulch. It's cheaper, usually, and you get, I think, a little bit better control. Your mulches are not dry, they are turned under when—well, it's crimson clover in the red, right in the blossom. They go down very quickly. We leave as much as possible on the surface. I think it's a little cheaper and a little more satisfactory control. I put them on quite green. I find they rot much quicker.
MR. CHASE: I will now turn the gavel back to Dr. MacDaniels, who will take over.
DR. MacDANIELS: Thank you, very much, Mr. Chase.
Perhaps we had better take a 10-minute recess.
(Whereupon, a short recess was taken.)
Nominating Committee Elected
DR. MacDANIELS: We will proceed with the election of a nominating committee. That committee is elected. It is a committee of three, and the nominations come from the floor. The present nominating committee is Mr. Stoke, Mr. Sylvester Shessler, and Mr. Sterling Smith. Now, I guess it is a good plan to change the nominating committee, and I think we ought to have regional representation. I think that is important. Does anybody have a nomination? Say we start in the Middle West.
A MEMBER: Mr. Silvis.
DR. MacDANIELS: He will take it. That's middle. Another nomination from the farther west.
MR. CHASE: Mr. Chairman, I nominate Dr. Crane.
DR. MacDANIELS: That would be South Atlantic.
MR. WEBER: I nominate Mr. Chase.
DR. MacDANIELS: Do you wish to nominate more than three and have a ballot?
MR. FRYE: I move nominations be closed.
DR. MacDANIELS: Nominations closed. Do you move to have the secretary cast a unanimous ballot?
DR. McKAY: So move, Mr. Chairman.
MR. WEBER: Proceed with the election.
DR. MacDANIELS: The motion is that nominations be closed and the secretary be instructed to cast a ballot for the slate as nominated. Any further discussion? If not, all in favor say "aye."
(A vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
DR. MacDANIELS: Carried.
DR. MacDANIELS: Is the Resolutions Committee here? Mr. Allaman, I believe you are president of the Pennsylvania group, are you not?
MR. ALLAMAN: Yes.
"In the passing of Clarence A. Reed, who was a nut culturist of the United States Department of Agriculture, we not only lost a friend in the experimental field, but also a dear personal friend. Mr. Reed was keenly interested in all phases of nut culture, devoting practically his entire life to this work. We are more deeply indebted to him than can be expressed. Paraphrasing what Lincoln said of the dead soldiers at Gettysburg, it remains for us to continue the effort and build upon the foundation to which he so largely contributed.
"Therefore, be it resolved that the secretary of this Association spread upon the record this resolution and send a copy to Mrs. Reed."
DR. MacDANIELS: You have heard this resolution. I think it would be appropriate we move to accept and adopt this by a rising vote.
(Whereupon, a rising vote was taken.)
DR. MacDANIELS: There are two other resolutions Mr. Allaman will read.
MR. ALLAMAN: "The Northern Nut Growers Association in its forty-first meeting expresses its appreciation for the fine accomodations for its meeting place supplied by Post No. 739 of the American Legion. The Association also desires to compliment the Post on its foresight in providing this community with such a satisfactory meeting place.
"May it therefore be resolved that the secretary spread this upon the minutes and send a copy to the Legion."
Another resolution: "We, the members of the Northern Nut Growers Association, express our keen appreciation of the very efficient services of Mrs. Stephen Bernath and Gilbert L. Smith and others for their splendid accommodations at this convention."
DR. MacDANIELS: These two resolutions, do you wish to accept them or adopt them together?
DR. CRANE: Move that they be adopted as a whole.
DR. MacDANIELS: Moved that they be adopted together. Any discussion? If not, all in favor say "aye."
(Whereupon, a vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
DR. MacDANIELS: Passed without dissent.
Are there other resolutions anyone has from the floor?
Report of Auditing Committee
DR. MacDANIELS: The auditing committee's report.
MR. WEBER: I have it. "We have found from our examination of the treasurer's records that his accounts are in proper balance and that the statement of his bank account, issued by his bank as of August 11, 1950, shows he had on deposit in the Erie County United Bank of Vermilion, Ohio, the sum of $2280.37. We feel our treasurer, Mr. Sterling A. Smith, has faithfully discharged his duties during the current year and recommend his continuance in that office, nomination for which has already, of course, taken place. Royal Oakes, Chairman, Auditing Committee." (Applause.)
DR. MacDANIELS: It all sounds very legal. I think it's all right. I take it that applause indicates the acceptance of the report. Unless I hear dissent, we will take that to be so.
DR. CRANE: Move the report of the Auditing Committee be accepted.
DR. MacDANIELS: O.K., we will make it legal. Who will second the motion?
MR. STOKE: Second.
DR. MacDANIELS: Moved and seconded that the Auditing Committee report be accepted.
(A vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
Election of 1950-51 Officers
DR. MacDANIELS: Next will be the election of officers, and we will ask the chairman of the Nominating Committee to give his report. Inasmuch as I am apparently concerned, I will hand the gavel to Mr. Chase for the election.
MR. CHASE: We'd like to hear the report from the chairman of the Nominating Committee, Mr. Stoke.
MR. STOKE: Most of you no doubt heard the report of the Nominating Committee at our first session, but we nominated Dr. William Rohrbacher of Iowa City, Iowa, for president, and for vice-president our perennial candidate here, who has disappeared from the scene, renominating Dr. L. H. MacDaniels. We hope to make him president next time. If he doesn't make it next time, I think we will have to throw him out. And for the secretary, our friend, Joe McDaniel. They are not relatives. And the treasurer, repeating officer, Sterling Smith. The secretaryship and treasurership shouldn't change any more often than necessary.
MR. STERLING SMITH: I object.
Before you move on that, I'd like to say that it isn't really legal, I think, that I should have been on the nominating committee, and being one of the officers, it would be very well taken on my part if there were any nominations from the floor.
MR. CHASE: We are coming to that.
Any objections that we have nominations from the floor? Are there any nominations for president?
MR. WELLMAN: Move nominations be closed.
MR. CHASE: Are there any other nominations for vice-president? (No response.) I am sure we must have one for the treasurer. (No response.) Do we have any for secretary?
MR. CORSAN: Why not have the former Miss Jones president again?
MR. STOKE: She becomes a member of the Board of Directors, and I think it would be out of order to elect her to another office.
MR. CORSAN: I withdraw it.
MR. CHASE: Now I will entertain your motion, Mr. Wellman.
MR. WELLMAN: I move it.
MR. CHASE: It has been moved that the slate by the nominating committee be accepted.
DR. CRANE: Second.
(Whereupon, a vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
MR. CHASE: Dr. MacDaniels, you may come in now.
DR. CRANE: We moved that nominations be closed. We haven't accepted them.
MR. STOKE: When you are through, I have a resolution to offer.
DR. CRANE: Move that the report of the nominating committee be accepted and we proceed with the election by voice vote. All in favor of having the secretary cast a ballot for the slate nominated by our nominating committee please signify by saying "aye."
(A vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
MR. STOKE: I would like to make a motion that we elect a parliamentarian, and I wish to nominate Dr. Crane.
MR. STERLING SMITH: Second the motion.
(A vote was taken on the motion, and it was carried unanimously.)
MR. FRYE: We elected a parliamentarian last year. I wonder how it's coming on.
DR. CRANE: I have a report on it.
MR. WEBER: Mr. John Davidson, Xenia, Ohio.
MR. McDANIEL: He was parliamentarian before we made him our president.
MR. WEBER: That's passed on to Dr. Crane.
MR. CHASE: Now, Dr. MacDaniels, you may come in.
DR. MacDANIELS: Hope it's legal.
Is there any further business? Do you think of any, Mr. Weber?
MR. WEBER: Hold it open until after the banquet. Then if we think of something that we have left out, we haven't adjourned.
DR. MacDANIELS: I will adjourn this particular session and give the gavel to our new president.
MR. WEBER: We adjourn until this evening at the banquet.
DR. ANTHONY: Before you bang it down, may I make one announcement? I thought you would be interested in an action that the Pennsylvania Nut Growers have taken. Mr. Allaman, it is O.K. to report that committee appointment?
DR. MacDANIELS: The question is raised as to the time of the next meeting. The place has been decided. The time, I think, has to be left to be worked out with the authorities at Illinois, is that right? Do you want to say a word, Dr. Colby?
DR. COLBY: It is difficult, if not impossible, to give an exact date right now, because we don't know at this time what our facilities for meeting rooms and lodging will be on any particular date in the latter part of the month of August. We will have to check and find out the best days, if that is agreeable to the group.
DR. MacDANIELS: Does this group wish to express a preference as to the last week in August or the first week in September? In other words, it would be the week before Labor Day, or the week after. That wouldn't necessarily fix it, but it would give the committee, if there were no other restrictions as to available facilities, would be a guide for a choice.
MR. WELLMAN: Call for a show of hands.
DR. MacDANIELS: I will do that. Those who would prefer a meeting date comparable to this year? (Showing of hands.) Those who prefer the week after Labor Day? (No hands raised.)
 The 1951 meeting will be at the University of Illinois in Urbana, August 28 and 29, to be followed with a tour in western Illinois for those who can stay through the morning of August 31.
MR. STERLING SMITH: Maybe those who prefer the after Labor Day date aren't here now.
DR. ROHRBACHER: I just want to say I appreciate very much the honor that has been bestowed upon me. I appreciate the fact that the president is purely an emblem, a figurehead, but with the staff that's under him, it's the same as in the Post Office Department of the United States, the head receives all the salary and his understudies do all the work. So it's a very appropriate setting, and we should go forward under a very good staff of men that have been elected to the positions under that of the president.
One thing I want to say in regard to the problem that came up last night that was discussed: that as the president, I can assure you that the vice-presidents are certainly not going to be emblems if they expect to continue on in their positions in the various states that are in the group, because the working out of this problem, the success of it, is going to depend on how well these vice-presidents carry out their work.
I thank you.
DR. MacDANIELS: We will close this session until tonight. I will give Dr. Rohrbacher the gavel.
(Whereupon, at 4:50 o'clock, p.m., the Tuesday afternoon session of the Northern Nut Growers Association was closed.)
Note on the Annual Tour, August 30, 1950
The third day of the Annual meeting, as is customary with the Association, was spent touring interesting nut plantings in the vicinity. The first stop was Bernath's Nursery, southwest of Pleasant Valley, where he has his greenhouse, young nut plants, and a number of fruiting trees. The second stop was on the grounds of the State School at Wassaic, where many grafted nut trees, particularly walnuts, are thriving, due to the interest and activity of Gilbert L. Smith, when he was on the staff there. A picnic lunch was served in the recreational area of the school grounds. Here Dr. W. C. Deming of Hartford, Conn., Dean of the Association, was on hand to greet many of his old friends. After lunch we visited Mr. Stephen Bernath's farm nut planting, then the topworked hickory woods on Mr. Wm. A. Benton's farm out of Millerton. At the Benton and Smith Nut Nursery, also on the farm, the tour was concluded.
Harry R. Weber
Members were saddened to hear of the death, on his way home, of Harry R. Weber, who had taken an active part in the meeting at Pleasant Valley, as he did in most of the meetings since the very earliest years of the Association. We shall have a more complete obituary in the next volume.
George B. Rhodes
COVINGTON, Tenn., Dec. 16, 1950—Services for George B. Rhodes of Mt. Carmel who died Saturday at 5:15 p.m. at his home will be held Sunday afternoon at 3 at the Clopton Methodist Church. The Rev. David Olhansen, pastor of the church, assisted by the Rev. E. D. Farris of Henning will officiate. Burial will be in the Clopton Cemetery.
Mr. Rhodes, who was 82, was born at Clopton, Tenn., and spent his entire lifetime in Tipton County. He was the first county agent of Tipton County. He was interested in the budding of pecans and had operated a nursery for the past 20 years. He was a member of the Clopton Methodist Church.
He leaves his wife, Mrs. Ivie Drake Rhodes of Covington; two sons, Sol Rhodes of Tampa, Fla., and Marion Rhodes of Beverly Hills, Calif.; two daughters, Mrs. R. B. Davie of Covington and Mrs. Lillian Bringley of Memphis; two sisters, Mrs. Pauline Meacham of Senatobia, Miss., and Mrs. Mattie Nelson of Forrest City, Ark., and two brothers, Sam Rhodes of Bolivar, and Duke Rhodes of San Francisco, Calif.; seven grandchildren and five great grandchildren.—Reprinted from a Memphis paper.
Mr. Rhodes' greatest contribution to nut growing was the discovery and first propagation of a heartnut variety mow called Rhodes. It is the most successful heartnut yet tried in western Tennessee, a reliable and heavy cropper, and one of the best cracking varieties of all known heartnuts. It deserves testing in other areas.
Note: The following members of the N. N. G. A. have died recently, and we hope to have fuller obituaries on them in the next volume:
Charles C. Dean, of Anniston, Ala. (Died September 21, 1950.)
Henry Gressel, of Mohawk, N. Y. (Died in June, 1951.)
W. N. Achenbach, of Petoskey, Mich.
L. B. Hoyer, of Omaha, Nebr.
Life Member Wang Is in Hong Kong
In our 1942 Report there was a note that our only Chinese member, P. W. Wang, had probably died, since he had not been heard from since 1930. Mr. Wang, we are happy to report, has recently written to us from Hong Kong. Many of the nut trees he planted while secretary of the Kinsan Arboretum at Chuking (not Chungking) in Kiangsu Province had survived the Japanese invasions and were fruiting in 1945, but are now in Communist hands. Mr. Wang hopes some day to be able to send to America scions of a fine pecan (seedling of Teche variety) which he fruited at Chuking. Meanwhile, he wishes to have nut literature and catalogues sent to him at his present address: P. W. Wang, c/o China Products Trading Corporation, 6 Des Voeux Road, Central, Hong Kong.
Nuts in Quebec
July 16, 1950
Dr. George L. Slate, Associate Professor, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York
Dear Dr. Slate:
I am very much flattered by your invitation to prepare a paper on nut culture in Quebec. My only regret is that for two reasons I am unable to comply with your request.
The first is that I am quite ignorant on the subject. It is only lately that I have developed an interest in this matter when I suddenly found myself responsible for a so-called "arboretum" which is now mainly empty space that I am endeavoring to fill. The fact that shagbark hickory and butternut were common in our woods and that some of our neighbors have apparently flourishing individual trees of black walnut served to arouse my interest in the question. One neighbour has a tree of what he calls "French walnut" because they came from near Lyons, France, which are evidently the ordinary English or Persian walnut. Furthermore, I have been advised that there is quite a grove of black walnut near Lotbiniere, Quebec, which is on the south shore of the St. Lawrence not far from the city of Quebec. I understand that it was planted some seventy-five years ago and trees are now timber size. Indeed, I was told that the owner was offered a considerable sum during the war—the wood was wanted for gun stocks. I have not been there to verify this. However it occurred to me that it would be a good idea to get several specimens of various nut species that might grow here to place in the arboretum—this might incidentally give some information on what species would survive our winters.
The second reason that I am unable to write any article on nut culture in Quebec is because as far as I know there is no nut culture here. Most of the trees I refer to were simply planted as ornamentals. I have never been able to locate anyone who has taken any particular interest in growing them for the nuts.
I would like very much to extend my knowledge on the subject by attending your meeting at Poughkeepsie, New York, on August 28th to 30th, but unfortunately I will be absent in Nova Scotia on those dates.
Following your information I secured some literature on northern nut culture and will look forward to receiving any further information along this line that may be forthcoming.
Again thanking you for your courtesy and assuring you of my continued interest, I am,
Yours very truly,
W. H. BRITTAIN Vice-Principal, Macdonald College of McGill University
Macdonald College, Quebec, Canada
Note: I believe that perhaps the things mentioned in his second paragraph should be followed up.—H.L.S.
Pecans Produce Poorly in Middle Atlantic States
November 13, 1950
Dr. Lewis E. Theiss Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Dear Dr. Theiss:
Speaking of pecans, we have harvested the first crop this year here on the station, from trees planted in 1932, of the varieties Indiana, Greenriver, Busseron and Major. Even though these nuts were not harvested until November 9 they are poorly filled. It seems that we just cannot mature them here in an average season. Our trees have not grown satisfactorily and although they may bloom, the nuts normally fail to mature.
Our summers are not long enough and the day and night temperatures are not high enough uniformly to satisfactorily produce pecans even in this area.
Very truly yours,
H. L. CRANE Principal Horticulturist, Division of Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases
U. S. Plant Industry Station. Beltsville, Maryland
Editor's Note: Dr Crane's experience is exactly similar to my own. The pecans in the grounds at my country home were well loaded with nuts this year, 1950. I doubt if a single nut was half filled.—L. E. T.
Nut Tree Diseases in Europe and Turkey
November 17, 1950
Dr. Lewis E. Theiss Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Dear Dr. Theiss:
I have only recently returned from three and one-half months spent in Europe, primarily on chestnut problems, as a consultant for the Economic Cooperation Administration. The trip was made at the request and expense of European interests, except while I was up in the Scandinavian countries and at the 7th International Botanical Congress. I gave a paper at the Congress, entitled "The world-wide spread of forest diseases," in which chestnut blight received limited attention.
In Italy, chestnut blight, Endothia parasitica, was first reported at Genoa in 1938, although it started there much earlier. It is now widely distributed here and there as far south as the Naples area. No confirmed infections have been reported from Sicily, Sardinia, or French Corsica, though inspection work has been very, very limited. In all the places where I saw it, the disease was increasing rapidly, with numerous recently-blighted trees. It is expected that the disease will ultimately kill the 988,000 acres of coppice growth, which produces few nuts, and the 1,111,500 acres of grafted orchards. The time of death of isolated stands like the two islands and many other areas can be materially decreased by careful inspection and removal of the earliest infections, just as we have held the disease under control in the European chestnut orchards in California. It is doubtful if this will be done however, in spite of their large unemployment problem.
As the blight continues its rapid spread over Italy, the production of nuts will steadily decrease. The Italian exports to this country will decrease, and the market for the rapidly expanding production of Chinese chestnuts in the eastern United States will improve. The Italian foresters are growing large quantities of Chinese chestnuts which they purchased in this country, but the difficulties of quickly reestablishing a large nut industry are very great. This Bureau, including Dr. Graves, has been sending pollen, scions, and plants of our selections to help with this work. It is of vital importance to have a sound economy in Italy to help prevent the Communists from taking over, and loss of their forest and nut orchards and part of their oaks from the blight will be a sad blow to their economy.
The chestnut blight fungus in Italy is attacking three important European oaks, Quercus ilex, Q. Pubescens, and Q. sessiliflora. These are more important in some countries than chestnuts. For instance, Spain has 3,705,000 acres of Q. ilex orchards, grown largely for acorn hog feed. This will interest Dr. Smith. Possibly the disease may be less destructive to oaks in other countries than I fear, my opinion being based on the examination of only a limited number of diseased oaks in Italy.
I assume you have heard that Mr. Bretz of our Division has found that the oak wilt fungus has attacked some of our Chinese chestnuts in Missouri. What it will amount to, no one knows. The oak wilt continues to spread southward and eastward, and this year one infection was reported by the State authorities on oaks in your own Pennsylvania.
In Switzerland, in Tessin province, which is along the Italian border, the blight is spreading rapidly. The disease undoubtedly is in Yugoslavia, as there is so much infection in nearby Italy, but I was not in Yugoslavia. In Spain, there are several infections of blight that came in on the original importations of chestnuts directly from Japan. I made two trips into Spain and the authorities there have promised to do everything possible to eradicate these small spot infections.
In Denmark, England, France, Germany, Portugal, and Turkey no blight had been reported by the authorities with whom I conferred, but in most of these countries very little inspection work has been conducted. Any inspection for blight in southern Europe is complicated by the presence of the ink root rot disease, which from a distance looks like the blight. I remember one grafted orchard planting, in the Asia Minor part of Turkey, where a large proportion of the trees were dead or dying, with yellow leaves hanging, resembling the blight. Incidentally, here, as at a number of other places in different countries, orchards, forest, and nearby agricultural land was owned by the village itself.
In southern France I was impressed by a most serious and widely distributed disease of Persian walnuts. Vigorously growing trees start to decline and within a year or two they are dead. The French authorities had no satisfactory explanation of the trouble. I informed them that it looked a lot like trees killed by Phytophthora cinnamomi, the cause of the chestnut root and ink disease in America and Europe. This fungus also attacks both Persian and black walnuts and other trees (including apples) under certain conditions.
Sincerely, G. F. GRAVATT Senior Pathologist, Division of Forest Pathology
U. S. Plant Industry Station, Beltsville, Md.
Nut Work of the Minnesota Experiment Station
March 27, 1950
Mr. Gilbert Becker, Climax, Michigan
Dear Mr Becker:
I have heard that not long ago you sent out a questionnaire relative to nut growing and grafting. Perhaps you would like to include the work which has been going on at the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station since 1918.
When this study was started, we had no information to give to many who came to us with questions on nut growing possibilities in this state. At no time have we attempted to promote commercial development as the interest here seems to be almost wholly amateur.
Our first efforts, begun in 1918, were designed to test kinds and varieties which could be grown in Minnesota. Black walnut varieties such as Thomas, Ohio, Ten Eyck, Stabler and Miller were planted at University Farm. Also sweet chestnuts Boone, Rochester, Cooper, Paragon, Fuller and Progress were set out. Hickory varieties and hybrids planted in 1918 and 1919 were Kirtland, Weiker, Stanley, Siers, Hales and McCallister. We planted a few trees of the Franquette Persian walnut, the Indiana, Niblack and Posey pecans and a few filberts such as Minnas Zellernuss, Daviana, and Large Globe. Some seedling trees of the shagbark hickory also were set out in 1918 and 1919.
To supplement this test somewhat similar collections were sent to cooperators in what seemed to be favorable locations.
We had the usual difficulty in establishing these trees and winter temperature eliminated all the pecans, sweet chestnuts, Persian, walnuts and filberts. Some of the seedling hickories survived and have grown vigorously but after thirty-two years have borne no nuts.
Since 1939 cooperative work has been under way with Professor R. E. Hodgson at the Southeast Experiment Station, Waseca. Efforts there mainly have been to establish varieties of black walnut and hickory by grafting. Black walnut and hickory varieties have been grafted also at the Fruit Breeding Farm, Excelsior.
The accompanying record is taken from a report for the Experiment Station in 1949. It should tell you in brief the status of our investigations at present.
Very truly yours, W. G. BRIERLEY
University of Minnesota Department of Agriculture Division of Horticulture
Nature and Extent of Work Done this Year
All black walnut and hickory trees made fairly satisfactory growth in 1948 in spite of deficient rainfall. The "Gideon Seedling Hickories" (Carya laciniosa) planted in 1945 have become established at Waseca, Rochester, Lakeville, Mound and at the Fruit Breeding Farm.
Attempts to establish nut varieties by top-working on seedling trees again met with poor success. At Waseca 5 of 14 hickory grafts and 4 of 25 black walnut grafts grew. At the Fruit Breeding Farm only 6 of 33 hickory grafts grew. In this case, the poor results were due in large part to use of an asphalt grafting compound which injured the callus tissue at the union. Better than usual success was obtained with black walnuts as 19 of 37 grafts grew.
As in previous seasons, the best temperature for storage of scion wood was 34 to 36 degrees F.
The best black walnut varieties for Minnesota are Thomas, Ohio, Stambaugh, Smith and Schwartz. Of these Thomas produces the best nuts, but the tree is somewhat straggly in growth. The Ohio produces large nuts of good quality and is by far the best tree in ornamental value. It also is the hardiest of all varieties tested as it has shown no injury during 16 winters. Of lesser value are Ten Eyck which apparently is not fully hardy, and Mintle in which quality is poor here. Varieties which have not shown sufficient merit to warrant recommendation here are Stabler, Monterey, and Clark. Varieties which have not fruited are Allen, Cochrane, Huber, Kraus and Myers.
Practical Application of Results or Public Benefits
Results obtained have been used frequently as basis for recommendations relative to kinds and varieties for planting, and for grafting methods. Scionwood of the better varieties has been distributed to interested growers.
Progress of Work
Success with walnut grafts under all conditions during 16 years at the Fruit Breeding Farm has averaged only 32 per cent. In individual seasons success has varied from zero to 54 per cent.
Hickories not only are grafted with difficulty but also are very slow to reach bearing age. No nuts have been produced as yet from the following varieties grafted on the dates shown: Anthony (1939) Lingenfelter (1942) Burlington (1944) Gerardi hican (1944) Miller (1947) Barnes (1948) Last (1948) Marquette (1948) and Schinnerling (1948). Some seedling trees planted in 1948-1949 have produced no nuts in 32 years.
Hickory varieties established at Waseca by grafting are Beaver (1939), Fairbanks (1939), Burlington (1939), Anthony (1947), Billeau (1947), Hagen (1947), Wilcox (1947), Last (1948). Marquette (1948) and Stratford (1948). A tree of Hales planted in 1921, which grew very slowly for several years has borne no nuts in 27 years. One tree of Fairbanks grafted in 1939 bore a few nuts in 1944 but has not borne since then.
There has been a long-standing belief among horticulturists that grafts of Carya ovata, the shagbark hickory are incompatible on bitter hickory C. cordiformis. At Waseca, grafts of Beaver, Burlington and Fairbanks make in 1939 have healed completely and made excellent unions with the bitter hickory stock. That the varieties named are of hybrid origin may account for the compatibility apparent in this case.
Vegetarian, 93, and Bride, 60, Honeymoon Among Bananas, Nuts
MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 4—(UP)—A 93-year-old vegetarian and his 60-year old bride settled down today for a honeymoon among the nuts and bananas they say keep them young.
George Hebden Corsan and Lillian Armstrong, whose pert looks belie her years, were married here Tuesday. Wedding guests were served orange juice and coconut cream milk.
The bridegroom has been wintering here for the past 13 years. His home is Echo Valley, Islington, Toronto. His wife retired last month after 30 years of teaching in Toronto public schools.
"I'm sure we'll be happy," Mrs. Corsan said. "We have mutual interests"
Both credit their youthfulness and agility to vegetarianism, drinking gallons of fruit juices and staying outdoors as much as possible.
Corsan, whose sturdy 155 pounds are stretched on a six-foot frame, can husk a coconut with his bare hands in less than two minutes, no mean feat.
He operates a large experimental nut farm in Toronto, and has a 16-acre tract just south of here where he grows seven varieties of bananas and experiments with macadamia nuts, furnished him by the University of Hawaii. He works the farm singlehanded.
Corsan says he taught another physical culturist, Bernarr MacFadden, to swim in 1909 when he was an instructor at a Brooklyn YMCA. He says swimming helps keep him in shape and takes a daily dip in the ocean.
The Corsans will spend their honeymoon right on the nut farm.
"We might have a few fights," he said. "But they won't last long. She's too young to fight. And besides, she can outrun an English hare."
Broken Neck Fails to Halt Plans of "Youngster", 94
TORONTO, June 12—Physical Culturist George Hebden Corsan—just turned 94—says he is going to throw a birthday party Saturday, Right now he's in the hospital recovering from a broken neck suffered when he fell 20 feet from a tree May 27.
Mr. Corsan—a vegetarian who once labeled medicine "a jumbled heap of ignorance"—didn't want to go to the hospital at all. But doctors thought he'd better, since the fracture was about like that suffered by a man hanged on the gallows. He agreed to go after being assured the visit would only be for X-rays.
Since he's been in the hospital Mr. Corsan has fared—over the protest of dietitians—on nothing but orange juice. Yesterday he observed his birthday by eating a banana and a little black bread.
Doctors said Mr. Corsan missed severing his spinal cord by a quarter inch and had two skull fractures. To almost any other person, they said, the injury would be fatal.
Mr. Corsan was married for the third time last January in Florida.—Washington Evening Star, June 13, 1951.
As of July 3, 1951
*Life member **Honorary member Sec.Contributing member +Sustaining member
Deagon, Arthur, 128 Broadway, Birmingham. Farm in Penna. Hiles, Edward L., Hiles Auto Repair Shop, Loxley
R. Vanderwaeren, Bierbeekstraat, 310, Korbeek-Lo.
Armstrong Nurseries, 408 N. Euclid Avenue, Ontario General nurserymen, plant breeders Brand, George, U.S.N.G.B.C, Mob. 5, Port Hueneme Buck, Ernest Homer, Three Arch Bay, 16 N. Portola, South Laguna Deckard, L. A., 741 La Verne Avenue, Los Angeles 22 Flagg, Dr. Don P., 10365 Fairgrove Ave., Tujunga Haig, Dr. Thomas R., 3021 Highland Avenue, Carlsbad, California Linwood Nursery, Route No. 2, Box 476, Turlock Parsons, Charles E., Felix Gillet Nursery, P. O. Box 1025, Nevada City. Nurseryman Pentler, Dr. C. F., 806 Arguello Blvd., San Francisco 18. American Friends Service Committee Pozzi, P. H., 2875 S. Dutton Ave., Santa Rosa. Brewery worker, farmer Serr, E. F., Agr. Experiment Station, Davis. Associate Pomologist Welby, Harry S., 500 Buchanan Street, Taft. Private and Corp. Hort.
Brown, Alger, Route 1, Harley, Ontario. Farmer Collins, Adam H., 42 Seaton St., Toronto 2, Ont. Cornell, R. S., R.R. No. 1, Byron, Ontario Corsan, George H., Echo Valley, Toronto 18, Ontario. Nonagenarian. **Crath, Rev. Paul C., 299 Rosewell Ave., Toronto 12, Ontario Crisp, Dr. Allan G., Suite 204, 160 Bloor St. W., Toronto, Ontario English, H. A., Box 153, Duncan, B. C. Farmer, fruit and nut grower Filman, O., Aldershot, Ontario. Fruit and veg. grower Gellatly, J. U., Box 19, Westbank, B. C. Plant breeder, fruit grower, nurseryman Goodwin, Geoffrey, Route No. 3, St. Catherines, Ontario. Fruit grower Harrhy, Ivor H., Route 1, Burgessville, Ont. Fruitgrower and poultry Housser, Levi, Route 1, Beamsville, Ontario. Fruit farmer *Neilson, Mrs. Ellen, 5 Macdonald Avenue, Guelph, Ont. Papple, Elton E., Route 3, Cainsville, Ont. Porter, Gordon, 258 McKay, Windsor, Ont. Chemist Smith, E. A., Sparta, Ont. Farmer Snazelle, Robert, Forest Nursery, Route No. 5, Charlottetown, P. E. I. Nursery Supt. Short, J. R., 70 Wickstead Ave., Leaside, Ont. Trayling, E. J., 509 Richards St., Vancouver, B. C. Jeweller Wagner, A. S., Delhi, Ont. Walker, J. W., c/o McCarthy & McCarthy, 330 University Ave., Toronto, Ont. Wharton, H. W., Route No. 2, Guelph, Ont. Farmer White, Peter, 30 Pear Ave., Toronto 5, Ont. Willis, A. R., Route No. 1, Royal Oak, Vancouver Island, B. C. Accountant Woods, David M., 48 South Front St., West, Toronto, Ont. Vice President, Gordon McKay, Ltd. Young, A. L., Brooks, Alta.
Daniel, Paul C., Lakeville **Deming, Dr. W. C., 141 Fern St., Hartford. (Summer address: Litchfield) Dean of the Association Frueh, Alfred J., Route 2, West Cornwall Graves, Dr. Arthur H., 255 S. Main St., Wallingford. Consulting Pathologist, Conn. Agr. Expt. Station, New Haven, Conn. Henry, David, Blue Hills Farm, Route 2, Wallingford. *Huntington, A. M., Stanerigg Farms, Bethel. Patron Lehr, Frederick L., 45 Elihu St., Hamden *Newmaker, Adolph, Route No. 1. Rockville Pratt, George D., Jr., Bridgewater Risko, Charles, City Tobacco & Candy Co., 25 Crescent Ave., Bridgeport White, George E., Route No. 2, Andover. Farmer
Brugmann, Elmer W., 1904 Washington St., Wilmington. Chemical Engineer Logue, R. F., Gen. Mgr., Andelot, Inc., 2098 du Pont Bldg., Wilmington Wilkins, Lewis, Route 1, Newark. Fruit grower
Granjean, Julio, Hillerod. (See New York.) Knuth, Count F. M., Knuthenborg. Bandholm
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
American Potash Inst., Inc., 1155-16th St., N.W., Washington Ford, Edwin L., 3634 Austin St., S.E., Washington Kaan, Dr. Helen W., National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington. Research Associate Reed, Mrs. Clarence A., 7309 Piney Branch Rd., N.W., Washington 12
ECUADOR, SOUTH AMERICA
Acosta Solis, Prof. M., Director del Departmento Forestal, Ministerio de Economia, Quito. (Exchange.)
Baker, Richard St. Barbe, The Gate, Abbotsbury, Weymouth, Dorset. (Founder, Men of The Trees.) The Gardeners Chronicle, London. (Exchange.)
Avant, C. A., 940 N.W. 10th Ave., Miami Real Estate, Loans. (Pecan orchard in Ga.) Estill, Gertrude, 153 Navarre Dr., Miami Springs. (Summer address under Mich.)
Edison, G. Clyde, 1700 Westwood Ave., S.W., Atlanta. Hardy, Max, P. O. Box 128, Leeland Farms, Leesburg. Nurseryman, farmer Hunter, Dr. H. Reid, 561 Lake Shore Dr. N.E., Atlanta. Teacher, nut farmer Noland, S. C., Box 1747, Atlanta 1. Owner, Skyland Farms Wilson, William J., North Anderson Ave., Fort Valley. Peach and pecan grower
Institute for Horticultural Plant Breeding. Herenstraat 25. Wageningen. (Exchange)
*Wang, P. W., c/o China Products Trading Corp., 6 Des Voeux Rd., Central
Baisch, Fred, 627 E. Main St., Emmett Dryden, Lynn, Peck. Farmer Hazelbaker, Calvin, Route No. 1, Box 382, Lewiston
Albrecht, H. W., Delavan Allen, Theodore R., Delavan. Farmer Andrew, Col. James W. (See under Washington) Anthony, A. B., Route No. 3, Sterling. Apiarist Baber, Adin, Kansas Best, R. B., Eldred. Farmer Blodgett, Thomas, 3610 Pine Grove Ave., Chicago 13 Blough, R. O., Route No. 3, Polo Blyth, Colin R., Math. Dept., U. of I., Urbana. (Farm in northern Ontario) *Boll, Herschel L., 2 Hort. Field Lab., Univ. of Ill., Urbana. Asst. in Pomology Brock, A. S., 1733 North McVicker Ave., Chicago 39 Churchill, Woodford M., 4323 Oakenwald Ave., Chicago 5 Colby, Dr. Arthur S., U. of Illinois, Urbana Daum, Philip A., North Sixth St., Carrollton Dietrich, Ernest, Route No. 2, Dundas. Farmer Dintelman, L. F., State Street Road, Belleville Douglass, T. J., 309-1/2 North St., Normal Fordtran, E. H., Route No. 2, Box 197-A, Palatine Frey, Frank H., 2315 W. 108th Place, Chicago 43. Asst. to V. P., CRI & P RR. Frey, Mrs. Frank H., 2315 W. 108th Place, Chicago 43. Housewife Gerardi, Louis, Route No. 1., Caseyville. Nut and fruit nurseryman Grefe, Ben, Route No. 4, Box 22, Nashville. Farmer Heberlein, Edward W., Route No. 1, Box 72A, Roscoe Helmle, Herman C., 526 S. Grand Ave., W., Springfield. Div. Eng., Asphalt Inst. Hockenyos, G. L., 213 E. Jefferson St., Springfield. Business man Jungk, Adolph E., Route No. 1, Jerseyville, Illinois Kammarmeyer, Glenn, 1711 E. 67th St., Chicago 49 Kreider, Ralph, Jr., Route No. 1, Hammond. Farmer Langdoc, Mildred Jones (Mrs. Wesley W.) P. O. Box 136, Erie. Nursery, farm, housewife McDaniel, J. C., c/o Hort. Field Lab., U. of I., Urbana. Horticulturist. (Sec'y of Ass'n.) McDaniel, J. C., Jr., Urbana Oakes, Royal, Bluffs (Scott County) Pray, A. Lee, 502 N. Main St., LeRoy Robbins, W. J., 885 N. LaSalle St., Chicago 10. Insurance Sonnemann, W. F., Experimental Gardens, Vandalia. Lawyer, farm operator Spencer, H. Dwight, 275 W. Decatur St., Decatur. Attorney Warnecke, Martin H., 714 First Avenue, Maywood Whitford, A. M., Farina. Nurseryman Zethmayr, Gordon, Route No. 1, Box 130, West Chicago
Aster Nut Products, Inc., George Oberman, Mgr., 1004 Main St., Evansville Bauer, Paul J., 123 S. 29th St., Lafayette Bolten, Ferd, Route 3, Linton. Farmer, fruit grower. (Carpathian walnut seeds.) Boyer, Clyde C., Nabb Buckner, Dr. Doster, 421 W. Wayne St., Ft. Wayne 2. Physician and Surgeon Clark, C. M., C. M. Clark & Sons Nurseries, Route 2, Middletown Nurseryman, fruit farmer Dooley, Kenneth R., Route No. 2, Marion. Gardener Eagles, A. E., Eagles' Orchards, Wolcottville. Walnut grower, apple orchardist Eisterhold, Dr. John. A., 220 Southwest Riverside Drive, Evansville 8. Medical Doctor Fateley, Nolan W., 26 Central Avenue. Franklin. Auditor and cashier. (Carpathian walnut seeds.) Glaser, Peter, Route No. 9, Box 328, Koening Road, Evansville Grater, A. E., Route 2, Shipshewana.
Sec.Johnson, Hjalmar W., Rt. 4, Valparaiso. V. P. Inland Steel Co. Pape, Edw. W., Route 2, Marion Prell, Carl F., 1414 E. Colfax Avenue, South Bend 17 Richards, E. E., 2712 South Twyckenham Drive, South Bend. Studebaker Corp. Russell, A. M., Jr., 2721 Marine St., South Bend 14 Skinner, Dr. Chas. H., Rt. 1, Thorntown Sly, Miss Barbara, Route No. 3, Rockport Sly, Donald R., Route 3, Rockport. Nurseryman,, nut tree propagator Wallick, Ford, Rt. 4, Peru Ward, W. B., Horticulture Bldg., Purdue University, Lafayette. Ext. Horticulturist, Vegetables Whitsel, Gilbert L., Jr., 515 S. 15th Street, Lafayette Wichman, Robert P., Route No. 3, Washington. General farming Wilkinson, J. F., Indiana Nut Nursery, Rockport. Nurseryman
Berhow, Seward, Berhow Nurseries, Huxley Boice, R. H., Route No. 1, Nashua. Farmer Cole, Edward P., 419 Chestnut Street, Atlantic Ferguson, Albert B., Center Point. Nurseryman Ferris, Wayne, Hampton. President of Earl Ferris Nursery Huen, E. F., Eldora. Farmer Inter-State Nurseries, Hamburg. General nurserymen Iowa Fruit Growers Assn., W. H. Collins, Sec'y, State House, Des Moines 19. Cooperative buying organization Kaser, J. D., Winterset. Farmer Knowles, W. B., Box 476, Manly Kyhl, Ira M., Box 236, Sabula. Nut nurseryman, farmer, salesman Martazahn, Frank A., Route No. 3, Davenport. Farmer McLeran, Harold F., Mt. Pleasant. Lawyer Orr, J. Allen, 535 Frances Bldg., Sioux City 17 Rohrbacher, Dr. William, 811 East College Street, Iowa City. Practice of Medicine (President of the NNGA.) Schlagenbusch Brothers, Route No. 2, Fort Madison. Farmers Snyder, D. C., Center Point. Nurseryman, nuts and general. Tolstead, W. L., Central College, Pella Wade, Miss Ida May, Route No. 3, LaPorte City. Bookkeeper Watson, Vinton C., 106 E. Salem St., Indianola Welch, H. S., Mt. Arbor Nurseries, Shenandoah White, Herbert, Box 264, Woodbine. Rural Mail Carrier Williams, Wendell V., Route No. 1, Danville. Farmer
Baker, Fred C., Troy. Entomologist Borst, Frank E., 1704 Shawnee Street, Leavenworth Breidenthal, Willard J., Riverview State Bank, 7th and Central, Kansas City. Bank President Funk, M. D., 612 W. Paramore Street, Topeka. Pharmacist Gray, Dr. Clyde, 1045 Central Avenue, Horton. Osteopathic Physician Harris, Ernest, Box 20, Wellsville. Farmer Leavenworth Nurseries, Carl Holman, Proprietor, Route No. 3, Leavenworth. Nut nurseryman Mondero, John, Lansing Thielenhaus, W. F., Route No. 1, Buffalo. Retired postal worker Underwood, Jay, Riverside Nursery, Uniontown
Alves, Robert H., Nehi Bottling Company, Henderson Armstrong, W. D., West Ky., Exp. Sta., Princeton. Horticulturist Magill, W. W., Horticulture Dept., U. of Ky., Lexington Miller, Julian C., 220 Sycamore Drive, Paducah Moss, Dr. C. A., Willlamsburg. Bank President Rouse, Sterling, Route No. 1, Box 70, Florence. Fruit grower, nurseryman Tatum, W. G., Route 4, Lebanon. Commercial orchardist Tallaferro, Philip, Box 85, Erlanger Usrey, Robert, Star Route, Mayfield Walker, William W., Route No. 1, Dixie Highway, Florence
Hammar, Dr. Harald E., USDA Chemical Lab., 606 Court House, Shreveport Chemist Perrault, Mrs. Henry D., Route No. 1, Box 13, Natchitoches. Pecan grower
Case, Lynn B., Route 2, Box 208, Federalsburg Crane, Dr. H. L., Bureau of Plant Industry Station, Beltsville. Principal Horticulturist, USDA. Eastern Shore Nurseries, Inc., P. O. Box 743, Easton. Chestnut growers Graff, George U., Harding Lane, Rt. 3. Rockville Gravatt, Dr. G. F., Plant Industry Station, Beltsville. Research Forest Pathologist Hodgson, William C., Route No. 1, White Hall. Farmer Kemp, Homer S., (Proprietor) Bountiful Ridge Nurseries, Princess Anne McCollum, Blaine, White Hall. Retired from Federal Government McKay, Dr. J. W., Plant Industry Station, Beltsville. Government Scientist +Negus, Mrs. Herbert, 4514 32nd Street, Mt. Rainier Porter, John J., 1199 The Terrace, Hagerstown. Farm Owner Shamer, Dr. Maurice E., 3300 W. North Avenue, Baltimore 16. Physician
Babbit, Howard S., 221 Dawes Avenue, Pittsfield. Service station owner and part time farmer Bradbury, H. G., Hospital Point, Beverly Brown, Daniel L., Esq., 60 State Street, Boston Bump, Albert H., P. O. Box 275, Brewster Davenport, S. Lathrop, 24 Creeper Hill Road, North Grafton. Farmer, fruit grower Fitts, Walter H., 39 Baker St., Foxboro. General foreman, instrument company Kendall, Henry P., Moose Hill Farm, Sharon Kerr, Andrew, Lock Box 242, Barnstable La Beau, Henry A., North Hoosic Road, Williamstown. Stat. engineer O'Brien, Howard C., 25 Irvington Street, Boston 16 Rice, Horace J., 515 Main Street, Wilbraham. Attorney *Russell, Mrs. Newton H., 12 Burnett Avenue, South Hadley Wellman, Sargent H., Esq., Windridge, Topsfield. Lawyer Weston Nurseries, Inc., Weston Wood, Miss Louise B., Pocassett, Cape Cod
Ainsworth, Donald W., 5851 Mt. Elliott, Detroit 11 Andersen, Charles, Route No. 2, Box 326, Scottsville, Nurseryman Barlow, Alfred L., 13079 Flanders Avenue, Detroit 5 Becker, Gilbert, Climax Boylan, P. B., Route No. 1, Cloverdale. Homesteader Bumler, Malcolm R., 2500 Dickerson, Detroit 15. Insurance trustee Burgart, Harry, Michigan Nut Nursery, Box 33, Union City. Nurseryman Burgess, E. H., Burgess Seed & Plant Company, Galesburg Burr, Redmond M., 320 S. 5th Avenue, Ann Arbor. General Chairman, The Order of Railroad Telegraphers, Pere Marquette District, C&O Ry. Co. Cook, Ernest A., M.D., c/o County Health Dept., Centerville Corsan, H. H., Route No. 1, Hillsdale. Nurseryman Dennison, Clare, 4224 Avery, Detroit 8 Emerson, Ralph, 161 Cortland Avenue, Detroit 3 Estill, Miss Gertrude. (See under Florida, Summer Address: Route 4, Box 762, Battle Creek) Hackett, John C., 3321 Butterworth Rd., S.W., R. R. 5, Grand Rapids 6 Haseler, L. M., Route No. 4, Box 130 South Haven Hagelshaw, W. J., Route No. 1, Box 394, Galesburg. Grain farmer, contractor Hay, Francis H., Ivanhoe Place, Lawrence. Farmer **Kellogg, W. K., Battle Creek Korn, G. J., 309 N. Church Street, Kalamazoo 11. Shop worker Lee, Michael, P. O. Box 16, Milford Lemke, Edwin W., 2432 Townsend Ave., Detroit 14. Engineer, nut orchardist McCarthy, Francis W., Box 392, Algonac Miller, O. Louis, 417 N. Broadway, Cassopolis. Forester O'Rourke, Prof. F. L., Hidden Lake Gardens, Tipton. Professor of ornamental horticulture, Mich. State College Pickles, Arthur W., 760 Elmwood Avenue, Jackson Prushek, E., Route No. 3, Niles. Plant breeding Sherman, L. Walter, 3308 Mackinaw St., Saginaw Simons, Rev. R. E., Flat Rock Somers, Lee, Route No. 1, Perrinton Tate, D. L., 959 Westchester St., Birmingham Ullrey, L. E., 1209 Cambridge Drive, Kalamazoo 27
Hodgson, R. E., Dept. of Agriculture, S.E. Experiment Station, Waseca Tulare, Willis E., 300 3rd Avenue, S.E., Rochester Weschcke, Carl, 96 S. Wabasha St., St. Paul. Proprietor Hazel Hills Nursery Co.
Gossard, A. C., U. S. Hort. Field Station, Route No. 6, Meridian. Associate Horticulturist, USDA Meyer, James R., Delta Branch Experiment Station, Stoneville. Cytogeneticist (cotton)
Bauch, G. D., Box 66, Farmington. Farm Forester Hay, Leander, Gilliam Howe, John, Route No. 1, Box 4, Pacific Huber, Frank J., Weingarten. Farmer James, George, James Pecan Farms, Brunswick Logan, George F., Oregon The M-F-D Co., 1305 Moreland Ave., Jefferson City Nicholson, John W., Ash Grove. Farmer Ochs, C. Thurston, Box 291, Salem. Foreman in garment factory Richterkessing, Ralph, Route No. 1. St. Charles. Farmer Rose, Dr. D. K., 230 Linden, Clayton 5 Stark Bros. Nursery & Orchard Co., Attn. Mr. H. W. Guengerich, Louisiana Wuertz, H. J., Route No. 1, Pevely
Brand, George. (See under California.) Caha, William, 350 W. 12th, Wahoo Hess, Harvey W., The Arrowhead Gardens, Box 209, Hebron Sherwood, Jack, Nebraska City
Demarest, Charles S., Lyme Center Lahti, Matthew, Locust Lane Farm, Wolfeboro. Investment banker
Anderegg, F. O., Pierce Foundation, Raritan Blake, Harold, Box 93, Saddle River Bottoni, R. J., 41 Robertson Road, West Orange. President of Harbot Die Casting Corp. Brewer. J. L., 10 Allen Place, Fair Lawn Buckwalter, Mrs. Alan R., Route. No. 1, Flemington Cox, Philip H., Jr., 30 Hyde Rd., Bloomfield Cumberland Nursery, William Wells, Proprietor, Route No. 1, Millville. Nurserymen Donnelly, John, Mountain Ice Company, 51 Newark St., Hoboken Dougherty, William M., Broadacres-on-Bedens, Box 425, Princeton Secretary, U. S. Rubber Co. Ellis, Mrs. Edward P., Strawberry Hill, Route No. 1, Box 137, Keyport Kass, Leonard P., 82 E. Cliff St., Somerville Lamatonk Nurseries, A. H. Yorks, Proprietor, Neshanic Station Lippencott, J. C., 15 Mundy Ave., Spotswood McDowell, Fred, 905 Ocean Avenue, Belmar Parkinson, Philip P., 567 Broadway, Newark 4. Engineer and appraiser Ritchie, Walter M., Route No. 2, Box 122-R, Rahway Rocker, Louis P., The Rocker Farm, Box 196; Andover. Farmer Sheffield, O. A., 283 Hamilton Place, Hackensack. Dunn & Bradstreet Sorg, Henry, Chicago Avenue, Egg Harbor City. Manufacturer Van Doren, Durand H., 310 Redmond Road., South Orange. Lawyer Williams, Herbert H., 106 Plymouth Ave., Maplewood
Gehring, Rev. Titus, Box 177, Lumberton
Barton, Irving Titus, Montour Falls. Engineer Bassett, Charles K., 2917 Main St., Buffalo. Manufacturer Beck, Paul E., Beck's Guernsey Dairy, Transit Road, East Amherst. Dairy Executive Benton, William A., Wassaic. Farmer, and Sec'y, Mutual Insurance Co. Bernath, Stephen, Bernath's Nursery, Route No. 3, Poughkeepsie. Nurseryman Bernath, Mrs. Stephen, Route 3, Poughkeepsie Bixby, Henry D., East Drive, Halesite, L. I. Executive V.P., American Kennel Club, N. Y. City Brook, Victor, 171 Rockingham Street, Rochester 7. Sales Engineer Brooks, William G., Monroe. Nut tree nurseryman Bundick, Clarkson U., 35 Anderson Ave., Scarsdale. Mechanical engineer Caldwell, David H., N. Y. State College of Forestry, Syracuse. Instr. in wood technology Carter, George, 428 Avenue A, Rochester 5 Cassina, Augustus, Valatie, Columbia County Feil, Harry, 1270 Hilton-Spencerport Road, Hilton. Building contractor Ferguson, Donald V., L. I. Agr. Tech. Institute, Farmingdale Flanigen, Charles F., 16 Greenfield St., Buffalo 14. Executive manager Freer, H. J., 20 Midvale Rd., Fairport. Typewriter sales and service Fribance, A. E., 139 Elmsdorf Ave., Rochester 11 Glazier, Henry S., Jr., 1 South William St., New York 4 Graham, S. H., Bostwick Road, Route No. 5, Ithaca. Nurseryman Granjean, Julio, c/o K. E. Granjean, 9406 6th Ave., Forest Hills Gressel, Henry, Route 2, Mohawk. Retired chief lock operator, N. Y. S. Barge Canal Hasbrouck, Walter, Jr., 19 Grove St., New Paltz. Post office clerk Hill, Francis S., Sterling. Letter carrier on rural route Iddings, William A., 1931 Park Place. Brooklyn 33 Irish, G. Whitney, Fruitlands, Route No. 1, Valatie. Farmer Kettaneh, F. A., 745 Fifth Ave., New York 22 Knipper, George M., 333 Chestnut Ridge Rd., Churchville Knorr, Mrs. Arthur, 15 Central Park, West, Apt. 1406, New York Kraai, Dr. John, Fairport. Physician Larkin, Harry H., 189 Van Rennsselaer Street, Buffalo 10 *Lewis, Clarence (Retired.) Lowerre, James, Route 3, Middletown *MacDaniels, Dr. L. H. Cornell University. Ithaca. Head, Dept. of Floriculture and Ornamental Hort. Miller, J. E., Canandaigua. Nurseryman. Mitchell, Rudolph, 125 Riverside Drive, New York 24. Mechanical engineer *Montgomery, Robert H., 1 E., 44th Street, New York Mossman, Dr. James K., Black Oaks, Ramapo Newell, Palmer F., Lake Road, Route No. 1. Westfield Owen, Charles H., Sennett. Superintendent of Schools Pura, John J., Green Haven, Stormville Salzer, George, 169 Garford Road, Rochester 9. Milkman, chestnut tree grower Schlegel, Charles P., 990 South Ave., Rochester 7 Schlick, Frank, Munnsville Schmidt, Carl W., 180 Linwood Avenue, Buffalo Shannon, J. W., Box 90, Ithaca Sheffield, Lewis J., c/o Mrs. Edna C. Jones, Townline Road, Orangeburg Slate, Prof. George L., Experiment Station, Geneva. Fruit Breeder Smith, Gilbert L., Benton & Smith Nut Tree Nursery, Route 2, Millerton. Nurseryman, retired teacher Smith, Jay L., Chester. Nut tree nurseryman Spahr, Dr. Mary B., 116 N. Geneva St., Ithaca Steiger, Harwood, Red Hook. Artist-designer +Szego, Alfred, 77-15 A 37th Avenue, Jackson Heights, New York Timmerman, Karl G., 123 Chapel St., Fayetteville Wadsworth, Willard E., Route No. 5, Oswego Wheeler, Robert C., 36 State Street, Albany Windisch, Richard P., c/o W. E. Burnet Company, 11 Wall St., New York 5 *Wissman, Mrs. F. De R. (Retired.)
Brooks, J. R., Box 116, Enka Dunstan, Dr. R. T., Greensboro College, Greensboro Finch, Jack R., Bailey. Farmer Parks, C. H., Route No. 2, Asheville. Mechanic
Bradley, Homer L., Long Lake Refuge, Moffit. Refuge Manager
Ackerman, Lester, Route No. 3, Ada Glen Helen Department, Antioch College, Yellow Springs Barden, C. A., 215 Morgan Street, Oberlin. Real Estate Beede, D. V., Route No. 3, Lisbon Bitler, W. A., R. F. D. I, Shawnee Road, Lima. General contractor Borchers, Perry E., 412 W. Hillcrest Ave., Dayton 6 Brewster, Lewis, Route No. 1, Swanton. Vegetable grower Bridgewater, Boyd E., 68 Cherry St., Akron. V. P. Bridgewater Machine Co. Bungart, A. A., Avon Cinadr, Mrs. Katherine, 13514 Coath Ave., Cleveland 20. Housewife Clark, Richard L., 1517 Westdale Rd., South Euclid 21. Sales manager Cook, H. C., Route No. 1, Box 125, Leetonia Cornett, Charles. L., R. R. Perishable Inspection Agency, 27 W. Front St., Cincinnati. Inspector Craig, George E., Dundas (Vinton County). Fruit and nut grower Cranz, Eugene F., Mount Tom Farm, Ira Cunningham, Harvey E., 420 Front Street, Marietta Daley, Jame R., Route No. 3, Foster Park Road, Amherst. Electrician Davidson, John, 234 East Second Street, Xenia. Writer Davidson, Mrs. John, 234 East Second Street, Xenia Diller, Dr. Oliver D., Dept. of Forestry, Ohio Exp. Sta., Wooster Distelhorst, P. E., 3532 Douglas Road, Toledo 6 Dowell, Dr. Lloyd L., 529 North Ave., N. E., Massillon. Physician Farr, Mrs. Walter, Route No. 1, Kingsville Garden Center of Greater Cleveland, 11190 East Blvd., Cleveland Gerber, E. P., Kidron Gerstenmaier, John A., 13 Pond S. W., Massillon. Letter carrier Goss, C. E., 922 Dover Avenue, Akron 20 Grad, Dr, Edward A., 1506 Chase Street, Cincinnati 23 Hansley, C. F., Box 614, Sugar Grove. Contractor Hawk & Son Nursery, Route No. 2, Beach City. Chestnut trees Hill, Dr. Albert A., 4187 Pearl Road, Cleveland Hornyak, Louis, Route No. 1, Wakeman Howard, James R., 2908 Fleming Road, Middletown Irish, Charles F., 418 E. 105th St., Cleveland 8. Arborist Jacobs, Homer L., Davey Tree Expert Company, Kent Kappel, Owen, Bolivar Kerr, S. E., M. D., Route No. 1, North Lawrence Kintzel, Frank W., 2506 Briarcliff Ave., Cincinnati 13 Principal, Cincinnati public schools Laditka, Nicholas G., 5322 Stickney Ave., Cleveland 9. Electrician Leaman, Paul Y., Route No. 1, Creston Lorenz, R. C., 121 North Arch Street, Fremont Machovina, Paul E., 1228 Northwest Blvd., Columbus 12. College professor McKinster, Ray, 1632 South 4th Street, Columbus 7 Meister, Richard T., Editor, American Fruit Grower, Willoughby Metzger, A. J., 724 Euclid Avenue, Toledo 5 Oches, Norman M., R. D. 1, Brunswick. Mechanical Engineer Osborn, Frank C., 4040 W. 160th St., Cleveland 11. Tool and die maker Page, John H., Box 34, Dundas (Vinton County) Pataky, Christ, Jr., 492 Hickory Lane, Route No. 4, Mansfield. Produce market, grocer Pattison, Aletheia, 5 Dexter Place, E. W. N., Cincinnati 6 Pomerene, Walter H., Route No. 3, Coshocton. Agricultural Engineer, Hydrological Research Station Purdy, Clyde W., 19 Public Square, Mt. Vernon Ranke, William, Route No. 1, Amelia Roberts, J. Pearl, Rt. 3, Freeport Rummel, E. T., 16613 Laverne Avenue, Cleveland 11. Sales manager Schoenberger, L. Roy, Green Pines Farm, Route No. 2, Nevada Seas, D. Edward, 721 South Main Street, Orrville Sebring, R. G., 1227 Lincoln Road, Columbus Shelton, Dr. Elbert M., 1468 W. Clifton Blvd., Lakewood 7 Shessler, Sylvester M., Genoa. Farmer Silvis, Raymond E., 1725 Lindbergh Avenue, N. E., Massillon. Realty Smith, Sterling A., 630 W. South Street, Vermilion. Telegrapher, NYC RR (Treasurer of the Assn.) Spears, Ernest G., 4326 Forest Ave., Norwood 6 Spring Hill Nurseries Company, Tipp City. General nurserymen Steinbeck, A. P., East Nimisilla Rd., North Canton. Rubber worker, Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. Stocker, C. P., Lorain Products Corp., 1122 F. Street, Lorain Stolz, Thomas O., 334 Claranna Ave., Dayton 9 Thiesing, J. R., 113 S. Washington, New Bremen Thomas, Fred, Route No. 1, Bedford Road, Masury Toops, Herbert A., 1430 Cambridge Blvd., Columbus 12. College Professor Underwood, John, Route No. 4, Urbana Urban, George, 4518 Ardendale Road, South Euclid 21. Mayor Van Voorhis, J. F., 215 Hudson Avenue, Apt. B-1, Newark Von Gundy, Clifford R., R. F. D. No. 8, Cincinnati 30 Walker, Carl F., 2851 E. Overlook Rd., Cleveland 18. Consulting engineer Weaver, Arthur W., R.F.D., Box 196B, Cass Rd., Maumee *Weber, Harry R., Esq. (Deceased.) Weber, Mrs. Martha R., Route No. 1, Mahawe Farm, Cleves Willett, Dr. G. P., Elmore Williams, Harry M., 221 Grandon Road, Dayton 9. Engineer Wischhusen, J. F., 15031 Shore Acres Drive, N. E., Cleveland 10 Yates, Edward W., 3108 Parkview Avenue, Cincinnati 13. Mechanical engineer Yoder, Emmet, Smithville
Butler, Roy, Route No. 2, Hydro. Farmer, cattleman Cross, Prof. Frank B., Dept. of Horticulture, Oklahoma A&M College, Stillwater. Teaching and Experiment Station Work Gray, Geoffrey A., 1628 Elm Ave., Bartlesville Hartman, Peter E., 3002 S. Boston Pl., Tulsa 5. Nurseryman Hirschi's Nursery (A. G. Hirschi), 414 North Robinson, Oklahoma City Dry cleaning business, nurseryman Hughes, C. V., Route No. 3, Box 614, 5600 N. W. 16th Street, Oklahoma City Keathly, Jack, Marland. Farmer Kissick, E. A., State Board of Agr., 122 State Capitol Bldg., Oklahoma City. Marketing Specialist Meek, E. B., Route 2, Wynnewood Pulliam, Gordon, 1605 Osage Ave., Bartlesville Scales, Charles D., 3200 N. W. 26th St., Oklahoma City 7
Miller, John E., Treasuredale, Route No. 1, Box 312-A, Oswego Pearcy, Harry L., Route 2. Box 190, Salem. H. L. Pearcy Nursery Co. (Nut trees.)
Allaman, R. P., Route 86, Harrisburg. Farm superintendent Amsler, E. W., 707 Main St., Clarion Anthony, Roy D., 215 Hillcrest Ave., State College. Tree Crops Advisor, Pa. Dept. of Agr. Arensberg, Charles F. C., First Nat'l Bank Bldg., Pittsburgh 22 (Chinese chestnut seed grower.) Banks, H. C., Route No. 1, Hellertown Beard, H. K., Route No. 1, Sheridan. Insurance agent Beck, Dr. William M., 200 Race St., Sunbury Berst, Charles B., 11 W. 8th Street, Erie. Inspector, Lord Mfg. Co., Erie, Pa. Bowen, John C., Route No. 1, Macungie Brown, Morrison, Ickesburg Buckwalter, Geoffrey R., c/o F. H. Levey Co., Inc., 1223 Washington Ave., Philadelphia 47 Clarke, William S., Jr., P. O. Box 167, State College Colwell, Dr. Frederick A., R.F.D. No. 1, Collegeville Damask, Henry, 1632 Doyle Street, Wilkinsburg 21. Telephone man Ebling, Aaron L., Route No. 2, Reading Etter, Fayette, P. O. Box 57, Lemasters. General foreman for an electric company Gage, Charles K., 1429 Newman Road, Havertown Gardner, Ralph D., 4428 Plymouth St., Harrisburg. Assistant State Fire Marshal Good, Orren S., 316 N. Fairview Street, Lock Haven. Retired Gorton, F. B., Route No. 1, East Lake Road, Harborcreek. Electrical contractor Hammond, Harold, 903 South Poplar Street, Allentown Hershey, John W., Route No. 1, Downingtown. Nurseryman Hostetter, L. K., Route No. 3, Lancaster. Farmer, black walnut grower Hughes, Douglas, 1230 East 21st Street, Erie Johnson, Robert F., 1630 Greentree Road, Pittsburgh 20 Jones, Mildred M. (See Mrs. Langdoc—under Illinois) Jones, Dr. Truman W., Walnut Grove Farm, Parksburg Kaufman, Mrs. M. M., Box 69, Clarion Knouse, Charles W., Colonial Park, Harrisburg. Coal dealer Laboski, George T., Route No. 1, Harborcreek. Fruit grower and nurseryman Leach, Will, 406-410 Scranton Life Bldg., Scranton 3. Lawyer Mattoon, H. Gleason, Box 304, Narberth. Consultant in Arborculture McKenna, Philip M., P. O. Box 186, Latrobe Mecartney, J. Lupton, 918 W. Beaver Ave., State College. Pomologist Miller, Elwood B., Mill and Chapel Sts., Hazleton Miller, Robert O., 3rd and Ridge Streets, Emmaus Moyer, Philip S., 80-82 U. S. F. & G. Bldg., Harrisburg. Attorney Niederriter, Leonard, 1726 State Street, Erie. Merchant Nonnemacher, H. M., Box 204, Alburtis. Line foreman, Bell Tel. Co. of Pa. Ranson, Flavel, 728 Monroe Avenue, Scranton. Farmer Reidler, Paul G., Ashland. Manufacturer of textiles Rick, John, 438 Penna. Sq., Reading. Fruit grower and merchant Schaible, Percy, Upper Black Eddy. Laborer Scott, J. Lewis. 5-A Camberwell Drive, R.F.D. No. 2, Pittsburgh 15 Shade, Earl L., 1027 E. 26th St., Erie Sherman, L. Walter. (See under Michigan.) Smith, Dr. J. Russell, 550 Elm Ave., Swarthmore. Retired teacher, writer and nurseryman Stewart, E. L., Pine Hill Farms Nursery, Route No. 2, Homer City Theiss, Dr. Lewis E., 110 University Ave., Lewisburg. Retired professor Thompson, Howard A., 311 West Swissvale Ave., Pittsburgh 18 Twist, Frank S., Box 127, Northumberland. Salesman Waite, Knighton V., M. D., Renton Washick, Dr. Frank A., S. W., Welsh & Veree Roads, Philadelphia 11. Surgeon Weaver, William S., Weaver Orchards, Macungie Weinrich, Whitney, P. O. Box 225, Wallingford. Chemical engineer Wister, John C., Scott Foundation, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore. Horticulturist Wright, Ross Pier, 235 W. 6th Street, Erie. Manufacturer Zimmerman, Mrs. G. A., R. D., Linglestown
Allen, Philip, 178 Dorance Street, Providence
Bregger, John T., Clemson. Research Supervisor (Soil Conservation), Orchard Erosion Investigations Gordon, G. Henry, 13-1/2 Main St., Union. Returned Mariner
Richter, Herman, Madison. Farmer
Alpine Forest Reserve, c/o J. Edwin Carothers, Alpine Boyd, Harold B., M. D., 3418 Waynoka St., Memphis 11. Physician Chase, Spencer, T. V. A., Norris. Horticulturist Garrett, Dr. Sam Young, 1902 Hayes St., Nashville. Surgeon Holdeman, J. E., 855 N. McNeil St., Memphis 7 Howell Nurseries, Sweetwater. Ornamental and chestnut nurserymen McDaniel, J. C. (See under Illinois) Meeks, Hamp, c/o Jackson Elec. Dept., Jackson. Electrical Engineer Murphy, H. O., 12 Sweetbriar Avenue, Chattanooga. Fruit grower Richards, Dr. Aubrey, Whiteville. Physician Roark, W. F., Malesus. Farmer, chestnut grower Robinson, W. Jobe, Route No. 7, Jackson. Farmer Sammons, Julius, Jr., Pecan Row Farm, Whiteville. Farmer, orchardist Saville, Chris, 118 Church St., Greeneville Shipley, Mrs. E. D., 3 Century Court, Knoxville 16. Housewife Smathers, Rev. Eugene, Calvary Church, Big Lick. Minister, farmer Southern Nursery & Landscape Co., Attn. Hubert Nicholson, Winchester. General nurserymen
Arford, Charles A., Box 1230, Dalhart. R. R. engineer, amateur horticulturist Brison, Prof. F. R., Dept, of Horticulture, A. & M. College, College Station Florida, Kaufman, Box 154, Rotan Kidd, Clark, Arp Nursery Co., P. O. Box 867, Tyler. Nut nurseryman Winkler, Andrew, Route 1, Moody. Farmer and pecan grower
Petterson, Harlan D., 2076 Jefferson Avenue, Ogden. Highway engineer
Aldrich, A. W., R.F.D. No. 3, Springfield Collins, Joseph N., Route No. 3, Putney. Civil engineer, farmer Ellis, Zenas H., Fair Haven. Perpetual member, "In Memoriam." Holbrook, F. C., Scott Farm, Brattleboro
Acker Black Walnut Corp., Box 263, Broadway. Walnut processors Burton, George L., 722 College Street, Bedford Curthoys, George A., P. O. Box 34, Bristol Dickerson, T. C., 316-56th Street, Newport News. Statistician, farmer Dudley, Charles L., Glen Wilton Gibbs, H. R. Linden. Carpenter, wood worker Gunther, Eric F., Route No. 1, Box 31, Onancock. Retired business man Lee, Dr. Henry, 806 Medical Arts Building, Roanoke 11 Narten, Perry F., 6110 N. Washington Blvd., Arlington 5 Pinner, Henry, P. O. Box 155, Suffolk Stoke, H. F., 1436 Watts Avenue N. W., Roanoke Stoke, Mrs. H. F., 1436 Watts Avenue, N. W., Roanoke Stoke, Dr. John H., 21 Highland Avenue, S. E., Roanoke 13. Chiropractor Thompson, B. H., Harrisonburg. Manufacturer of nut crackers
Andrew, Col. James W., Hqts. 39 Wing, A.P.O. 942 c/o P. M., Seattle. (Farm in Illinois.) Bartleson, C. J., Box 25, Chattaroy. Office worker Brown, H. B., Greenacres Bush, Carroll D., Grapeview. Chestnut grower and shipper, nurseryman Denman, George L., East 1319 Nina Avenue, Spokane 10. Dairyman Eliot, Craig P., P. O. Box 158, Shelton. Electrical engineer, part time farmer Erkman, John O., Apt. 85, 1219 Washington Way, Richland. Physicist Kling, William L., Route No. 2, Box 230, Clarkson Latterell, Miss Ethel, 408 N. Flora Rd., Greenacres. Greenhouse worker Linkletter, Frank D., 115 4th Ave. North, Seattle 9. Retired Naderman, G. W., Route 1, Box 381, Olympia. Caretaker of summer resort Ross, Vevel C., 4025 Rucker Ave., Everett Shane Brothers, Vashon Shepard, Will, Chelan Falls Tuttle, Lynn, Nursery, The Heights, Clarkston. Nut nurseryman
Cannaday, Dr. John E., Charleston General Hospital, Charleston 25. Physician Engle, Blaine W., Mutual Fire Ins. Co. of W. Va., Goff Bldg., Clarksburg Frye, Wilbert M., Pleasant Dale. Retired Gold Chestnut Nursery, c/o Mr. Arthur A. Gold, Cowen. Chestnut nurseryman Haines, Earl C., Shanks Long, J. L., Box 491, Princeton. Civil engineer Mish, Arnold F., Inwood. Associational farmer Reed, Arthur M., Moundsville. Proprietor, Glenmount Nurseries
Ladwig, C. F., 2221 St. Laurence, Beloit. Grocer and (hobby) farmer Mortensen, M. C., 2117 Slauson Avenue, Racine Raether, Robert, Route No. 1, Augusta (Eau Claire County)
Subscribers and Standing Library Orders
Brooklyn Botanic Garden Library, 1000 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn 25, N. Y.
Clemson College Library, Clemson, South Carolina.
Cleveland Public Library, Leta E. Adams, Order Librarian, 325 Superior Avenue, Cleveland 14, Ohio.
Connecticut Agr. Exp. Sta., Genetics Dept., 123 Huntington St., New Haven 11, Conn.
Cornell University, College of Agriculture Library, Ithaca, New York.
Detroit Public Library, 5201 Woodward Avenue, Detroit 2, Michigan.
University of Maine (Library), Orono, Maine.
Library, University of Miami, Coral Gables 34, Florida.
Library, University of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H.
Oregon State College Library, Corvallis, Oregon.
Peachey, Enos D., P. O. Box 22, Belleville, Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island State College, Library Dept., Green Hall, Kingston, Rhode Island.
Rutgers University, Agricultural Library, Nichol Avenue, New Brunswick, N. J.
St. Louis Public Library, Olive, 13th and 14th Streets, St. Louis, Missouri.
ADVANCE ORDERS FOR THE 41st ANNUAL REPORT
Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Main Library), Auburn, Alabama.
Massachusetts Horticultural Society Library, Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Ave., Boston 15, Massachusetts.
North Carolina State College (D. H. Hill Library), Raleigh, North Carolina.
Pennsylvania State College Agricultural Library, Room 101, Patterson Hall, State College, Pennsylvania.
Purdue University Agr. Library, Lafayette, Indiana.