Microcosmography - or, a Piece of the World Discovered; in Essays and Characters
by John Earle
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Caesar, 20.

Caesars, the, 124.

Calais sands, 81, 82.

Cambridge, 161.

Camden, 72.

Canaries, a dance, 262.

Canary, 36, 37.

Cant phrases, 221, 222, 225, 226, 227.

Capel, Mr. 229.

Carrier, character of a, 40.

Carte, 199.

Casaubon, 114.

Cassan, 226.

Cassel, siege of, 28.

Catalogue of Compounders for their Estates, 266.

Cato, 62, 154.

Caveat for Commen Cursetors, 219.

Censura Literaria, 229, 236, 237, 256, 260, 269.

Centlivre, Mrs. 82.

Centoes, 72.

Century of Inventions, by the Marquis of Worcester, 33.

Cerberus, 271.

Chalmers, Mr. 46.

Cham, 136.

Chandler, R. lii.

Character of an agitator, 268.

Character of an antiquary, 269.

Character of an assemblyman, 271.

Character of an untrue bishop, 263.

Character of a ceremony-monger, 277.

Character of a coffee-house, 274.

Character of a disbanded courtier, 276.

Character of an ill-court-favourite, 277.

Character of an honest drunken cur, 275.

Character of a Dutchman, 275.

Character of England, 269.

Character of an exchange-wench, 275.

Character of a fanatic, 274.

Character of France, 269.

Character of a town-gallant, 275.

Character of a horse-courser, 275.

Character of an ill husband, 275.

Character of the hypocrite, 279.

Character of a Jacobite, 277.

Character of Italy, 270.

Character of a London diurnal, 268.

Character of the Low Countries, 270.

Character of an Oxford incendiary, 263.

Character of a certain ugly old P——, 276.

Character of an honest and worthy parliament man, 278.

Character of a pawn-broker, 275.

Character of a complete physician, or naturalist, 278.

Character of the Presbyterian pastors and people of Scotland, 278.

Character of a projector, 263.

Character of a scold, 275.

Character of Scotland, 270.

Character of a solicitor, 275.

Character of Spain, 270.

Character of a tally-man, 275.

Character of a pilfering taylor, 275.

Character of a temporizer, 269.

Character of a tory, 277.

Character of a town miss, 275.

Character of a trimmer, 276.

Character of an ugly woman, 276.

Characters: List of books containing characters, 219.

Characters, by Butler, 277.

Characters and Elegies, by Wortley, 265.

Characters upon Essaies, 236.

Characters addressed to Ladies, 277.

Characters of virtues and vices, by bishop Hall, 248.

Characterism, or the modern age displayed, 278.

Characters, twelve ingenious; or pleasant descriptions, 276.

Charles I. 190, 191, 193, 218, 277.

Charles II. 190, 191, 193, 207, 282.

Charles, Prince, 189.

Chates, 227.

Chaucer, 12, 99, 137, 206.

Cheap, cross in, 163.

Chess-play, verses on, by Breton, 240.

Chete, 226.

Child, character of, 1.

Christ-church, Oxford, 187, 191.

Christmas, 150.

Chuck, 162.

Church-papist, character of, 27.

Cinthia's Revenge, by Stephens, 231.

Citizen, character of a mere gull, 160.

City Match, by Mayne, 85, 105.

Clarendon, Lord, 189, 191. His character of Earle, 194.

Clerke's Tale, by Chaucer, 137.

Cleveland, 268.

Cliff, Lord, 37.

Clitus-Alexandrinus, 251.

Clout, 59, 281.

Clye, 227.

Cocke, J. 235.

Cocke Lorell, 228.

Cocke Lorelles Bote, 228.

Cofe, 225, 227.

Colchester, 277.

College butler, character of, 45.

Comments on books, 124.

Compleat gamester, 280.

Complimental man, character of, 147.

Conceited man, character of, 29.

Conceited pedlar, by Randolph, 161.

Constable, character of, 53.

Constantinople, 28.

Contemplative man, character of, 82.

Cook, character of a, 106.

Cooper, Mrs. 237.

Corranto-coiner, character of, 252.

Couched, 225.

Coventry, Sir William, 276.

Councellor, character of a worthy, 238.

Councellor, character of an unworthy, 238.

Counterfet cranke, 222.

Country knight, character of, 48.

Courtier, character of, 230.

Coward, character of, 173.

Cowardliness, essay on, in verse, 232.

Coxeter, 231.

Cranke, 222.

Cressey, Hugh, his character of Earle, 196.

Cramprings, 227.

Crimchan, 253.

Critic, character of, 123.

Cromwell, 268.

Crooke, Andrew, lii.

Cuffen, 226.

Cupid, 230.

Cure for the itch, by H. P. 246.

Cut, 225, 227.

Dallison, Maximilian, 238.

Dances, old, 262.

Danet, Thomas, 232.

Danvers, Lord, 211.

Darius, 107.

Darkemans, 225.

David, 265, 266.

Davies of Hereford, 229.

Dear year, 175.

Deboshments, 181.

Decker, 33, 34, 98, 221, 279, 281.

Dele, 222.

Demaunder for glymmar, 222.

Demetrius, Charles, 73.

Denny, Lord Edward, 249.

Description of unthankfulnesse, by Breton, 237.

Detractor, character of a, 63.

Deuseauyel, 227.

Digby, Sir Kenelm, 15.

Dinascoso, 224.

Dining in Pauls, 105.

Dinners given by the sheriff, 39.

Dioclesian, 262.

Discontented man, character of, 18.

Discourse of the English stage, by Flecknoe, 273.

Divine, character of a grave, 8.

Dole, 111.

Dommerar, 222.

Door-posts, 17, 280.

Douce, Mr. 257.

Doves of Aleppo, 268.

Doxe, 222.

Dragon that pursued the woman, 63.

Dramatic Poets, by Langbaine, xlix.

Drugger, 14.

Drunkard, character of, 136.

Dryden, 272.

Dudes, 227.

Dunton, John, 131.

Duppa, Dr. 189.

Dutchmen, their love for rotten cheese, 20.

Earle, Bishop, xlviii, l, lii: Life of, 186, &c. Characters of, 194, 195, 196, 282: list of his works, 197: name of Earle, lvii.

Earle, Sir Richard, 218.

Earle, Thomas, 282.

Earthquake in Germany, 73.

Ecclesiastical Polity, by Hooker, 190, 193, 197, translated into Latin, 190.

Edward I. 163.

Effeminate fool, character of, 239.

[Greek: Eikon Basilike] 190, 193, 197, dedication to the Latin translation, 207.

Eleven of the clock, 39.

Elizabeth, queen, 20, 39, 103, 163.

Ellinor, queen, 163.

Ellis, 237.

Ellis, Henry, li.

Empty wit, character of an, 134.

Endor, witch of, 266.

England, 96, 116.

England's selected characters, 236.

English Gentleman, by Brathwait, 260.

Epigrams, by Flecknoe, 272.

Epigrams, by H. P. 246.

Esau, 22.

Essayes and Characters, by L. G. 271.

Essays and characters of a prison, by Mynshul, 138, 243.

Essays of Love and Marriage, 274.

Essex, Lord, 262, "lord of Essex' measures," a dance, 262.

Every Man in his Humour, by Ben Jonson, 105, 142.

Euphormio, 67.

Excellent vercis worthey Imitation, supposed by Breton, 238.

Eyes upon noses, 37.

Elyot, Sir Thomas, 49.

F. R. 271.

F. T. 267.

Fabricius, 46.

Falcons, 49.

Falstaff, 19, 105.

Farley, William, 40.

Farmer, Dr. 229.

Feltham, Owen, 270.

Fiddler, character of a poor, 149.

Fifty-five enigmatical characters, by R. F. 271.

Figures, by Breton, 198, 238.

Figure of foure, by Breton, 198.

Fines, Catherine, 252.

Fines, Mary, 252.

Fines, Sir William, 252.

Finical, 160.

Fires, 28.

Fishing, treatise on, 50.

Flagge, 225.

Flatterer, character of a, 155.

Flecknoe, Richard, 271, 272, 273.

Fleming, 176.

Fletcher, John, 203.

Flitchman, 221.

Florio, 224.

Ford, T. 267.

Formal man, character of, 25.

Four of the clock, 107.

Four for a penny; or poor Robin's characters, 275.

Four prentises of London, by Heywood, 98, 163.

France, 269.

Frater, 221.

Fraternitye of Vacabondes, 221, 228.

Fresh-water Mariner, 221.

Freze, white, 223.

Frieze jerkins, 221.

Frost, great, 175, 176.

Funeral Monuments, by Weever, 103.

G. L. 271.

Gage, 225.

Galen, 12, 30.

Gallant, character of an idle, 51.

Gallobelgicus, 255.

Gallus Castratus, 269.

Gallye slops, 221.

Gavel-kind, 24.

Gee and ree, 58.

Geneva bible, 3.

Geneva print, 84.

Gennet, 261.

Germany, 24, 73.

Gerry, 227.

Gigges, 239.

Gilding of the cross, 163.

Gildon's Lives of the English Dramatic poets, 231.

Giles's, St. Church, Oxford, 4.

Girding, 19.

Glossographia Anglicana Nova, 141.

Gloucester cathedral, 40.

Gloucestershire, History of, by Atkyns, 41.

Goddard, author of the Mastif-whelp, 15.

God's judgments, 73.

Gold hat-bands, 67.

Gold tassels, worn by noblemen at the University, 67.

Good and the bad, by Breton, 14, 236.

Governour, by Sir Thomas Elyot, 49.

Gough, Mr. 237, 253.

Gown of an alderman, 18.

Granger, Mr. 267.

Great man, character of a meer, 177.

Greek's collections, 72.

Grunting chete, 226.

Gryffith, William, 219.

Guarded with gold lace, 280.

Guillim, John, 282.

Gull in plush, 163.

Gul's Hornebooke, by Decker, 33, 34, 98, 279, 281.

Gygger, 226.

Hall, Bishop, 248, 279.

Harleian Miscellany, 271, 274, 275, 276, 277.

Harman, Thomas, 219.

Harmanes, 226.

Harrison, William, 24, 39, 47.

Hart-hall, Oxford, 211.

Haslewood, Mr. 260.

Hawking, 49, 142.

Hawkins, Sir John, 111, 262.

Hay, James Lord, 249.

Hederby, 163.

Hemingford, Huntingdonshire, 211.

Henry the Fourth, by Shakspeare, 105.

Henry VI. 15.

Henry VII. 4.

Henry VIII. 33.

Herald, character of an, 115.

Heraldry, Treatise on, by Guillim, 282.

Herbert, Mr. 220, 228.

Heylin, Peter, account of, 211 —inscription on his monument, 211.

Heyne, 148.

Heywood, 98, 163.

Hickeringill, E. 277.

High-spirited man, character of, 158.

Hill, Mr. lii.

Hippocrates, 12.

History of England, by Carte, 199.

Histrio-mastix, by Prynne, 62.

Hobby, 261.

Hogeshed, 225.

Hogg, 263.

Hogged poney, 261.

Hoker, 221.

Holinshed, Raphael, 5, 15, 24, 39, 47, 109, 175, 176.

Holt, in Germany, 73.

Honest man, character of an ordinary, 181.

Hooker, Richard, 190, 193, 196, 197.

Hool, Samuel, 131.

Horae Subsecivae, xlix.

Horse-race terms, 142.

Hortus Mertonensis, a poem by Earle, 197.

Hospitall of Incurable Fooles, lx.

Hostess, character of a handsome, 122.

Houghton, Sir Gilbert, 236.

Houghton in the Spring, 211.

Howell, James, 37.

Hudibras, 277.

Huggeringe, 224.

Hugger-mugger, 224.

Hungarian, 125.

Hunting, 142.

Husband, a poem, 229.

Hygh-pad, 226.

Hypocrite, character of a she precise, 84.

Jacob, 22.

Jail-bird, 100.

James I. 20, 62, 92, 103.

James II. 191.

Jarke, 227.

Jarke-man, 222.

Idea of his highness Oliver, by Flecknoe, 273.

Jealous man, character of, 183.

Jennet, 261.

Jerusalem, 164.

Jesses, 50.

Jesuits, 99, 114.

Ignoramus, 235.

Illustrious wife, by Giles Oldisworth, 229.

Imputation, 143, 161.

Inquisition, 31.

Insolent man, character of, 142.

John Dory, 150.

John's, St. College, Oxford, 211.

Johnson, Richard, 252.

Jonathan, 265.

Jonson, Ben, 105: Lines by, 232.

Jordans, 36.

Isbosheth, 266.

Islip, Oxfordshire, 212.

Juliana Barnes, or Berners, 50.

Jump, 156.

Keckerman, Bartholomew, 46.

Keep, 118.

Ken or Kene, 225, 226, 227.

Kennett, White, 195: his character of Earle, 195.

Kent, 24, 25.

Kent, maid of, 109.

King's bench prison, 244.

Kippis, Dr. 271.

Knight, character of a country, 48.

Kynchin-co, 222.

Kynchin-morte, 222.

Lage, 225.

Lagge, 227.

Lambarde, 25.

Lambeth-palace, 111.

Langbaine, xlix, 231, 272.

Laquei ridiculosi, by H. P. 246.

Lascivious man, character of, 165.

Laud, Bishop, 211.

Laurence, St. 107.

Leg to the residencer, 117, 281.

Legs in hands, 37.

Legerdemain, 182.

Legh, Anne, 237.

Legh, Sir Edward, 237.

Leicester, Earl of, 237.

Leigh, see Legh.

Le Neve, 217.

Lent, 61.

Letters, by Howell, 37.

Life and Errors of John Dunton, by himself, 131.

Life of Ruddiman, by Chalmers, 45.

Lilburne, 268.

Lilly, xlix.

Lipken, 225.

Lipped, 225.

Lipsius, 30.

London, 41, 175.

London-bridge, 176.

London and country carbonadoed, by Lupton, 260.

London Spy, by Ward, 162.

Long-lane, 255.

Long pavian, a dance, 262.

Love's Dominion, by Flecknoe, 273.

Low Countries, 23, 237, 270: Brief Character of, by Felltham, 23.

Lowre, 225, 227.

Lucian, 138.

Ludgate, 249.

Lupton, Donald, 260.

Lybbege, 225.

Lycosthenes, 102.

Lyghtmans, 225.

M. G. 243.

M. R. 249.

Macbeth, by Shakspeare, 162.

Mac-Flecknoe, 273.

Machiavel, 31.

Magdalen College, Oxford, 211, 266.

Maid, a Poem of, by Salstonstall, 256.

Maid's Tragedy, by Beaumont and Fletcher, 205.

Mainwaring, Matthew, 244: family of, ib.

Make, 225.

Malaga wine, 37.

Malone, Mr. 86.

Man, Samuel, 267.

Manchet, 47.

Mars, 263.

Martial, 135.

Martin, 268.

Mary's, St. Church, Oxford, 4, 109.

Mastif Whelp, 15.

Mastive or young whelpe of the old dogge, 246.

Maund, 226.

Maurice of Nassau, 28.

Mayne, 85, 105.

Meddling-man, character of, 151.

Medicis, Francis de, 91.

Melpomene, 72.

Memoirs of the Peers of England, by Brydges, 264.

Menander, 204.

Menippus, 138.

Mephibosheth, 265.

Meres, 237.

Merry Devil of Edmonton, a Comedy, 84.

Merton-College, Oxford, 187, 192, 194, 197.

Microcosmography, 197. Editions of, li.

Micrologia, by R. M. 249.

Minshall-hall, 244.

Minshew, 32, 94, 181.

Miraculous Newes from the Cittie of Holt, 73.

Miscellania, by Flecknoe, 272.

Modest man, character of, 131.

Monson, Sir Thomas, 49.

Monster out of Germany, 73.

Monthly Mirror, 236.

Monument of Earle, 193.

Monumenta Anglicana, by Le Neve, 217.

Moorfields, 252.

Mooted, 94.

More the Merrier, 246.

Morley, Dr. 191.

Mort, 225.

Mother's Blessing, by Breton, 237.

Mouse-trap, by H. P. 246.

Munster, 73.

Murdered bodies supposed to bleed at the approach of the murderer, 15.

Musgarve, 268.

Musick, history of, by Sir John Hawkins, 262.

Myll, 226, 227.

Mynshul, 84, 138.

Mynshul, Geffray, 243, 244.

Nabeker, 225.

Nabes, 226.

Namptwich, Cheshire, 244.

Naps upon Parnassus, 269.

Nares, Mr. 279.

Nase, 226.

Navy of England, 72.

Nero, 233.

Netherlands, 253.

New Anatomie, or character of a Christian or round-head, 264.

Newcastle, Duke of, 272: lines by, ib.

New Custome, 221.

Newes of this present week, 255.

Newgate, 249, 268.

Newman, Sir Thomas, 109.

Nine Muses, a dance, 262.

Nine Worthies, 164.

Nireus, 138.

Noah's flood, 60.

Nonconformist, 84.

Norfolk, History of, by Blomefield, 217.

North, Lord, 264.

Northern nations, 15.

Norton, Northamptonshire, 237.

Nose, 225.

Nyp, 227.

Oldham, Mr. 276.

Oldisworth Giles, 229.

Old man, character of a good, 153.

One and thirty, 56.

Orford, Lord, 264, 276.

Osborne, Francis, 103.

Overbury, Sir Thomas, 229, 230, 235, 264.

Overton, 268.

Oxford, 4, 96, 187, 201, 211, 238, 266.

P. H. 246.

Pad, 226.

Painted cloth, 74.

Pallyarde, 221.

Pamphlets, character of, 268.

Paracelsus, 30.

Park, Mr. lii. 237, 256, 276.

Park, Mr. John James, 257.

Parrot, Henry, 246.

Parson, character of a poor, from Chaucer, 10.

Partial man, character of, 95.

Passion of a discontented minde, supposed by Breton, 238.

Passions of the Spirit, supposed by Breton, 238.

Patrico, 222.

Pavian, 262.

Paul V. pope, 91.

Paul's, St. Church, 103, 231, 252, 255, 259.

Paul's-cross, 109; penance at, 109.

Paul's man, 105.

Paul's walk, character of, 103.

Paul's walk, xlviii: time of walking there, 103.

Paynell, Thomas, 13, 280.

Pecke, 226.

Pegasus, 261.

Pembroke, Henry, earl of, 201.

Pembroke, Philip, earl of, 187, 188.

Pembroke, William, earl of, 197: lines on, 201.

Percy, bishop, 237.

Peters, 268.

Peter's, St. Church, Oxford, 4.

Pharoah, 22.

Philaster, by Beaumont and Fletcher, 205.

Philip II. of Spain, 32.

Phoenix Nest, by R. S. 240.

Physician against his will, by Flecknoe, 272.

Physician, character of a dull, 11.

Pick-thank, 168.

Picturae Loquentes, by Saltonstall, 256.

Pierce, character of Earle, 196.

Pierce Penilesse, 156.

Pineda, 140.

Plausible man, character of, 74.

Plautus, 124, 205.

Player, characters of, 60, 249.

Pleasant walkes of Moorefields, 253.

Plodding student, character of, 101.

Plutarch, 35.

Pluto, 138.

Points, 38.

Poland, 253.

Ponsonby, William, lx.

Poor man, character of, 179.

Poor Tom, 221.

Pope, A. 272.

Popplar of Yarum, 226.

Poste, by Breton, 237.

Post and pair, 280.

Pot-poet, character of, 71.

Practice of Piety, 87.

Pratt, Mr. 249.

Prauncer, 225.

Prayer for the college, 279.

Prayer at the end of a play, 279.

Prayer used before the university, 6.

Preacher, character of a young raw, 4.

Pretender to learning, character of, 112.

Prigger, see Prygger.

Primero, 32, 33.

Primivist, 32.

Print, set in, 239.

Prison, character of a, 138.

Prisoner, character of a, 245.

Privy councellor, character of a worthy, 238.

Profane man, character of, 171.

Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, 237.

Prologue, 97.

Prolusions, by Capel, 229.

Prygger of prauncers, character of a, 222.

Prynne, 62.

Puritan, 120, 150.

Puritan, picture of a, 229.

Puttenham, 237.

Quanto Dyspayne, a dance, 262.

Quarromes, 225.

Querpo, 140.

Quintilian, 30.

Quyer, or quyaer, 225, 227.

Radcliffe, Sir Alexander, 251.

Raie, 242.

Ramus, 30.

Randolph, Dr. 161.

Rash man, character of, 167.

Rat, black-coat, terms of contempt towards the clergy, 172.

Rawlinson, Dr. 262.

Re, isle of, 199: expedition to, ib.

Rebellion, History of, by Clarendon, 189.

Reed, Isaac, 45, 272, 279, 280.

Reformado precisely charactered, 264.

Regiment of Health, 13.

Regimen Sanitatis Salerni, 279.

Remains, Butler's, 277.

Remains, Camden's, 72.

Reserved man, character of, 31.

Resolves, by Feltham, 270.

Retchlessly, 137.

Richard III. 79.

Rich man, character of a sordid, 174.

Ritson, Mr. 237.

Robert of Normandy, 164.

Roge, 221.

Roger, 225.

Rogers, G. 232.

Rogue, see Roge.

Rome, 10, 27, 90.

Rome-bouse, 226.

Round breeches, 129.

Royal and noble Authors, by Lord Orford, 264.

Ruddiman, Life of, by Chalmers, 45.

Ruff of Geneva, print, 84.

Ruffs, 239.

Ruffian, 227.

Ruffler, 221.

Ruffmanes, 226.

Ruffe-pecke, 226.

Russell, Earl of Bedford, 12.

Rutland, Lady, 203.

S. R. 240.

Sack, 36, 37, 38, 122.

Salerne, 280.

Salisbury, 282.

Salomon, 225.

Saltonstall, Wye, 256.

Sandwich, Earl of, 267.

Satyrical characters, 269.

Satyrical Essayes, by Stephens, 231, 235.

Saul, 265.

Saxons, 24.

Say, E. xlvii.

Saye, 225.

Scaliger, 114.

Sceptick in religion, character of, 88.

Scholar, character of a, 54.

Scold, character of a, 247.

Scotus, 87.

Sejanus, 96.

Select second husband for Sir Thomas Overburie's wife, by Davies of Hereford, 229.

Seneca, 113.

Sergeant, or catchpole, character of, 124.

Serving-man, character of, 140.

Sforza, 79.

Shakspeare, lx, 2, 15, 33, 74, 103, 111, 162, 224, 262, 279, 280, 281.

Shark, character of a, 37.

Shark to, 182.

Sharking, 180.

Sheba, 266.

Sheriff's hospitality, and table, 39.

Sherry wine, 36, 37.

Shimei, 266.

Ship, 226.

Shop-keeper, character of, 118.

Short-hand, 5.

Shrewsbury, Elizabeth Countess of, 220.

Shrove Tuesday, 61.

Sidney, Sir Philip, 201, 204.

Silk strings to books, 66.

Singing-men in cathedral churches, character of, 116.

Skower, 227.

Skypper, 225.

Socinus, Faustus, 91.

Solemne Passion of the Soule's Love, by Breton, 237.

Soliman and Perseda, 156.

Sordid rich man, character of, 174.

Spaniards, 99.

Specimens of early English Poets, by Ellis, 237.

Spelman, Sir Henry, 24.

Spinola, 99.

Sports and Pastimes, by Strutt, 32, 49, 56.

Springes for Woodcocks, by H. P. 246.

Squeazy, 121.

Stanley, Richard, 40.

Stayed-man, character of a, 128.

Steevens, George, 15, 111, 181, 246, 275, 281.

Stephen, Master, 142.

Stephens, John, 231, 235.

Stews, 80.

Stowe, 227.

Stow's Survey of London, 163.

Strange Metamorphosis of Man, 260.

Streglethorp Church, 217: family, 282.

Strike, 226.

Strummell, 225.

Strutt, Mr. 32, 49, 56.

Strype, Mr. 163.

Sturbridge-fair, 161.

Suetonius, 13.

Sufferings of the Clergy, by Walker, 190.

Surfeit to A. B. C. 269.

Surgeon, character of a, 80.

Suspicious or jealous man, character of, 183.

Swadder, 222.

Swedes, 15.

Sweedish Intelligencer, 255.

Switzer, 253.

Table-book, 279.

Tables, 56.

Tacitus, 113.

Talbot, Sir John, 200.

Tamworth, Staffordshire, 237.

Tanner, Bishop, 238.

Tantalus, 245.

Tavern, character of a, 34.

Telephus, 35.

Tempest, by Shakspeare, 181.

Tennis, 66.

Ten Years' Travel, by Flecknoe, 272.

Term, character of the, 259.

Thersites, 138.

Thyer, Mr. 277.

Tiberius, 96.

Times anatomized, 267.

Tinckar, or tinker, 222.

Tiring-house, 61.

Titus, 13.

Tobacco, 35.

Tobacco-seller, character of, 70: called a smoak-seller, ib.

Togman, 225.

Tower, 226.

Town-precisian, 7.

Traditional Memoires, by Osborne, 103.

Trumpeter, character of a, 97.

Tryne, 225.

Tryning, 227.

Tuft-hunter, 67.

Tully (see Cicero), 21, 30.

Turk, 125.

Turner, Thomas, 232.

Tyburn, 23, 73, 268.

Tyntermell, a dance, 262.

Valiant man, character of, 273.

Varro, 124.

Vault at Gloucester, 40.

Velvet of a gown, 66.

Venner, 36.

Vespatian, 13.

Villiers, George, Duke of Buckingham, 277.

Virgil, 147.

Virginals, 86.

University College, Oxford, 192.

University dun, character of a, 126.

University, character of a young gentleman of the, 65.

University statutes, 12.

Vorstius, Conrade, 91.

Upright man, 221, 225.

Urinal, 11.

Urine, custom of examining it by physicians, 14: tax on, 13.

Vulcan, 263.

Vulgar-spirited man, character of, 98.

Vyle, 227.

Wales, 116.

Walker, Dr. 190.

Walker, Sir Edward, 282.

Walton, Isaac, l: his character of Earle, 196.

Walwin, 268.

Wapping, 255.

Ward, C. lii.

Ward, Edward, 162.

Warde, William, 12.

Warnborough, South, 211.

Warton, Thomas, 220, 246.

Washbourne, R. his Divine Poems, 1.

Waste, 226.

Watch, 225, 226.

Weak man, character of, 68.

Weever, 103.

Westminster, 138, 163, 177, 211, 259, 282.

Westminster, the fellow of, 177.

Whimzies; or a new cast of Characters, 251, 279.

Whip for a jockey, 275.

Whipjacke, 221.

Whitson ale, 150.

Whydds, 227.

Widow, a comedy, 39.

Wife, character of a good, 248.

Wife, now the Widdow, of Sir Thomas Overbury, 229, 235, editions of, 229.

William I. 163.

Wood, Anthony a, l, 187, 188, 191, 197, 212, 229, 266.

Worcester, Marquis of, 33.

World displayed, lii.

World's wise man, character of, 78.

Wortley, Anne, 267.

Wortley, Sir Francis, 265, 266.

Wortley, Sir Richard, 266.

Writing school-master, by Bales, 5.

Wyn, 225.

Yarum, 226.

York, 41, 186, 282.

York, James, Duke of, afterwards James II. 191, 265.

Young gentleman of the university, character of, 65.

Young man, character of, 42.

Younger brother, character of, 22.

Ziba, 265.



Page li. line 10, for first, read fift.




1. "His soul is yet a white page" (paper).


4. After the words "take Physicke." "He drives away ye time if he cannot ye maladie, and is furnished with an hundred merrie tales for the purpose. He is no faithful friend for he leaves a man gasping, and his pretence is, death and he are enemies."


10 (11 in Bliss). "A parasite is a stale to him," for "a flatterer is a dunce to him."


26 (12 in Bliss). "Never speaks above the audit of a whisper," for "whispers you in the ear acts."


20 (21 in Bliss). After "language of a falconer." "He is frigging up and doune, and composeth not his body to a settled posture. Gallants mock him for ushering Gentlewomen and indeed he hath not squired it in their Allies."


22 (28 in Bliss). After "patches," "yet their footemanshippe is not altogether shuffling." After "His other poems are but briefs." "At more leisur'd times he makes disticks on noblemen which are put under their twopenny pictures that hang in the bookbinders' shops."


30 (43 in Bliss). For "like a desperate soldier," read "like our north-west merchants, will venture where he cannot goe." Also "Saint Laurence" for "St. Maries."


23 (22 in Bliss). After "sallets." "He will talk with his oxen very soberly and expostulates with his hindes, and then in the same language he guides the plow, and the plough guides his thoughts, and his bounde or landmarke is the very limitts of his cogitation."


32 (52 in Bliss). After "Attempted and atchieved," "clubbes out of charity knocke him doune; next an hereticke he is the worst man to follow for he leads by the arme to destruction; his most dangerous place is Chancery Lane's end where he hansells now and then."


33 (37 in Bliss). After "colledge." "The Puritane is most guilty of this humour, for he takes the opinion of one Dutch commentatour before a legion of fathers; and, which is worse, his own before them both."


34 (38 in Bliss). "In short he is a bubble and his life a blast."


43 (41 in Bliss). "Properest," for "perfectest motion." After "a-foot." "It hath its tempests like the sea, and as violent, and men are ship-wrack't upon pillars like great rocks." And at the end after "could not"—"ffinally it is used for a church of these two only, sharkes and cut purses, the one comes thither to fast, the other to prey."


42 (53 in Bliss). After "shift in the world," comes "He is like a frivlous suitor, haunting, haunting (sic) those ..." (in place of the sentence in Bliss beginning "some chuse," which is transposed in MS. with very slight changes so as to follow the sentence ending with "find them within.")


45 (29 in Bliss). "He supples all and discommends none, except where his commendations might crosse the company, and then he holds his peace,"—after the words "what is civil."


16 in MS. (44 in Bliss). "His condition is the same with all other men, for he lives by bread which from a rude and undigested heape he putts into lumpe and forme. His kneading tub and his pavin are the two misteries of his occupation and he is a filcher by his trade, but the miller is before him. Thrive he cannot much in the world, for his cake is oft dow bak't and will never be a man of valour he is still so meall-mouth'd, he is observed for a great lyer for he is seldome true in his tale, though the score be many times on his pate for better reckoning, one vertue he hath that he is charitable, for his bread is often given to the poore. A clarke of the market he abhorres, and a pair of weight scales over-throwes him, yet he finds mercy in his offences, and his basket only is sent to prison. Many a pillery is his deadly enemie, and they never meete but they goe together by the eares."

The additional matter in the "Bright MS." is found here also.


(Almost identical with the version in the "Bright MS.")

40 in MS. (46 in Bliss). "He gives armes himselfe though he be no Gentleman, and therefore hath good reason to dispence with other; his trade and profession is honour, and doth that which few noble can doe, thrive by the Title. You would think he had the Indian mines, for he tells of the fesse[EA] of gold and silver, but believe him not for they are but devises to get money: he seemes only to deale with Gentry, but his chiefest purchases are on them that are none, whose bounty he conceales yet blazons: his bribes are like those of a corrupt judge, for they are the prizes[EB] of blood. His traffiques are like children's gew-gawes, pendants, and scutchions and little daggars, and his penniworths are extraordinary deare ffor he holdes three Boares heads higher than three Brawnes in the market. He was sometime the coate of Mars, but is now for more mercifull battailes in the tilt yard where whosoever is victorious the spoyles are his. His is an art in England but nature in Wales, where they are borne with Herauldry in their mouthes, and each name is a pedigree."


2. "Till ye clocke stop him." "Little instructions shall you have though great store of doctrines and many uses to small purpose; he putts much zeale into his booke, and belabours his tongue exceedingly. The only thing he makes himselfe in his sermons is faces, his action is all passions, and his speach interiections. He hath an excellent faculty in crying 'ah!' and spits with a very good grace." "He will not, etc." "He cites Pastills for authors, Perkins for fathers, and some catechisme is his schoole divinity."


3. "Arts his way." "He thinks he ought to become learned to learne so high a mystery, w^{ch} like ye dye of scarlet is not set well upon a raw cloath, but requires a former tincture."[EC] "He accounts, etc." For "ballast" read "last blast" (in the first sentence).


9 in MS. (7 in Bliss). "His life was in this age, his conversation long before, and his acquaintance of some thousand yeares before he was borne. He is a great enemy to the man of time, and fetches many a morsell againe out of his stomacke, when it is now all rotten and stinking. Old women should like him very well for he is much enamoured of wrinckles, and loves all things, as Dutchmen doe cheese, ye better for being mouldy and worm-eaten." "He is of our Religion, etc."


19 in MS. (23 in Bliss). "Upon him." "He hath reason to be experienced in the world, for he hath passed through more shapes then Pythagoras his soule, and knows all conditions from y^e King to the Cobler, he is qualified and hath many good parts, but he is condemned for one boasting humour, that he will speake them himselfe." "He hath one, etc." "Never con'd." "A true man he can hardly be, for he pleaseth the better he counterfeits, except only when he is disguised with straw for gold lace. His comings in are tollerable, yet in small money, and like Halifax great viccaridge most of it in two pences." "The waisting woman, etc." "Gentlemen," "and may become the bench in time as well they. He neadeth not feare death, for killing is but his sport, and his chiefe practice hath beene to dye bravely."


18 in MS. (25 in Bliss). "Spend next day." "If you speake to him as a Schooler, he telleth you you mistake him he is a gentleman and loath to marre his stile with that title. Sometime upon intreaty he vouchsafeth to be a Batchelour, and thinks he hath done the degree great grace in taking it." "His companion, etc." Above this, and after the word "misplacing." "He comes often to his bookes but seldome to his study, unless he be taken with Stepheus or Paris printe, which endeares the booke unto him. Yet sometimes he will...."


6 in MS. (47 in Bliss). "To sing catches." "In their election of a brother they are respectfull of his gifts, that is, of his bottles of sacke, and he that is most liberall to them heere makes them sure. If they get a church their faces are the richer, and they are men of more reckoning at the bush or read lattice." "Long lived, etc."


39 in MS. (48 in Bliss). "He examines the necessity of passengers, and beggs in the phrase of the giver 'with what do you lacke?'" "... abuse his brother. His prizes are like new playes, very dear at first view, but after you goe over them they still fall lower, and he is one who of all men you shoulde not take of his worde." "He is your slave, etc."


38 in MS. (30 in Bliss). "Say nothing." "It is their as it is at skirmishes the first man doth much, and no victory without a good leader." "It is, etc." After the first sentence comes in MS. "fortune is never pox't louder nor the Deuill oftener sent about errands; he is the companion that goes with every bowle, and with him the bowlers."


(The Shee Puritane in the MS.)

36 in MS. (34 in Bliss). "Owne Parish." "And if her husband be so profaine that he will not carrie her on horsebacke to heare another preach shee will goe as far on foote to heare her selfe pray." "She doubts, etc." "Scruples." "Shee dareth not give a penny to a beggar for feare he be a reprobate, but shee thinkes usury lawfull upon strangers that be not her brethren." "Shee is more fierce, etc." "Shee is discovered though shee weare a vaile," after "Geneva Print." "Reads that shee hath noted, and applauds herselfe for a noble woman of Berea," after "comes home." After "gossippings," "unlesse to exercises." After "sampler," "save that once a year she workes a black-wrought night-cap for some reverend good man to weare, because it is against the cannon, and then she thinkes him a bishop's fellow." After "weapons" (weapon), "is the Practice of Piety, or else shee is armed with the sixt to the Ephesians." For "the Brownist" read "thinks that Amsterdam is erroneous."


In the Bright MS. there are some important additions and variations in "The Weak Man." After the words "his brain stays behind," it goes on "He is for wit as your young travellers for languages, as much as will call for necessities and hardly that. He is not crafty enough to be a knave, nor wise enough to be honest, but the midway betwixt; a kind of harmless man. His whole vice is his indiscretion, and yet this makes him seem guilty of all." After the word "reserved" in Bliss, the MS. goes on: "He will part with anything in a humour, but in a good cause with nothing, and you may better entice him than persuade him. He is often perverse, never resolute and inexorable to nothing so much as reason. He loves wits and scholars to his cost, for he never has their company but invited. His friendships commonly are begun in a supper and lost in lending money. The way to gain his regard is to neglect him, for if he once be in good estimation, he grows proud upon it and contemns you." After the words "laid to his charge." "He puts in his verdict at all discourses, and whatsoever reason you urge, he holds his conclusion." Again, after the words "breaks forth with all." "His fear is his most violent persuader, which makes him do more upon the authority of one he hates, than the suit of his friend. He is one not to live in this world, for each man is his ambush, and his friend to abuse him. He has been long in contempt, and at last out of money, and then men cry 'alas!' and forget him."


P. 99. This Character also is so varied from the printed copies in the Bright MS. that it is given from the latter entire. "He is defined by a genus without a difference; for he is a Christian at large, and no more. He uses the land's religion because it is next him; yet he sees not why he may not take the other yet he chooses this not as better, but because there is not a pin to choose. He is wondrous loth to hazard his credulity, and whilst he fears to believe amiss, believes nothing. The opinion of an over judgment wrongs him, which makes him too wise for the truth. He finds doubts and scruples better than resolves them, and has always some argument to nonplus himself. The least religion is enough to perplex him, and the best will not satisfy him. He hammers too much in general upon our opinion's incertainty, and the possibility of erring makes him not venture on what is true. He cannot drive into his fancy the circumscription of religion into our corner, and yet, the absurdity of Popery staggers him again. He could like the Protestant better were it not for the puritan, and the papist but for the Jesuit. He thinks we are more rational, and likes the life of the other. He thinks so many wise men would not believe but on good ground, and so many honest men cannot be on the wrong side; yet he sees not their reason notwithstanding, nor assents to their honesty without it. He is taken with their miracles yet doubts an imposture; he conceives of our doctrine better, yet it seems too empty and naked. He prefers their charity, and commends our zeal, yet suspects that for blindness, and this but humour. He sees rather what to fly than to follow, and wishes there were no sides that he might take one. He will sometimes propend to us upon the reading a good writer, and at Bellarmine recoils as far back again; and the fathers justle him from one side to another. His conscience interposes itself betwixt two duellers, and whilst it would part both, is by both wounded. He hates authority as the tyrant of reason, and you cannot anger him worse than with a Luther or Calvin's dixit, yet that wise men are not persuaded with reason, shall authorize his doubt. In sum, his whole life is a question, and his salvation a greater, wherein he is so long a disputing, till death make the conclusion, and then he is resolved."

[From Bliss's annotated copy of Earle's Microcosmography.]


P. 57. (In the Bodleian, 2699, E. 21.) [This version is almost identical with that in the Durham MS. till the last few sentences.] The variations between the printed copy and Dr. Bright's MS. are so considerable, that the latter text is here given entire. "A Gallant is a heavy loader of himself, for he lays more upon his back than it is able to bear, and so at last breaks it. His first care is his clothes, and the next his body, and in the uniting of these two lyes his judgment. He is no singular man, for he is altogether in the fashion, and his very look and beard are squared to a figure conformable. His face and his boot are ruffled much alike, and he takes great delight in his walk to hear his spurs gingle. Though his life pass somewhat slidingly, yet he seems very carefull of the tyme, for he is always drawing his watch out of his pocket, and spends part of his hours in numbering them. His chiefest toil is how to spin out the day, and get a match for cards or the bowl alley, and his worst companion is himself, for then he is desperate and knows not what to do. The labour of doing nothing had made him long since weary of his life, if tobacco and drink did not out of charity employ him. He is furnished with jests, as some wanderer with sermons, some three for all companies, and when these are expired, his discourse survives in oaths and laughter. He addresses himself to ladies with the wagging of his lock, and complements like Euphues or the knights of the Sun; yet his phrase is the worst apparalled thing about him, for it is plain fustian.[ED] His thigh is always well apointed with a rapier, yet peaceable enough, and makes[EE] a wound in nothing but the scabard, yet[EF] rather than point the field, hee'l pull it out in the street. He is weaponed rather in the street, than the highway, for he fears not a thief, but a serjeant. His clothes and himself grow stale together, and the last act of his life is invisible, for he is buried commonly before he dies, in the jail or the[EG] country."

The following Character may serve as an illustrative commentary on part of Earle's character of an Attorney.


P. 211. (From a MS. in the Bodleian, Sheldon Papers), circa 1642. An MS. Notebook of Bliss's in my possession, containing some 50 pages filled with the titles of books of characters, has this one among them, in 17th century hand-writing (pasted on to the page). When this was acquired he does not say. "An Atturney is a Broker at Law for hee sels wordes and counsell at the second hand, studies but one language that hee may not bee thought double tonged, and when vpon necessitie hee reades Latin, 'tis with a quaking hast soe feare fully you wold thinke him a fellon at his miserere. Hee speakes nothing but reports, statutes and obligations, and 'tis to bee thought wooes soe too; Lady I hold of you in capite and was by the fates enacted yours in decimo of the Ringe; his prayers are soloecismes for peace, and yet for contention; hee beleeues in Littleton or the present Cheefe-Justice and against this fayth hee thinkes the Chancery Hoeerticall, especially if he speake in a Rocket; his degrees are to proceed either a Court-keeper or an Under-shrieue and then a Judges nod qualifies him; hee may hold two or three Clyents the more; to conclude hee is a very noune adiectiue whom noe man dares trust to stand by himselfe, but requires a Counsellour to bee ioyned with him."—DEANE.


[TANNER MS., vol. 48, No. 46.]

Sarum Sept. 25. 1662.


"I recyvd your Lordshipp's letter this day from my Lord of Sarum and give you my most humble and harty thankes for the great favour you intended me, as likewise for your good opinion of me! as well as your affection, that you thinke me capable of such a place in the Church. But my Lord I that understand my self better, though all things els worse, then any other frend, find those causes within me why I should not accept this offer, that I can no way answer, but must absolutely decline it. Your Lordshipp may remember when you were pleas'd to propose it to me before the last Bishop had it, what I said to you then, how unfitted I was for it in many respects. The same reasons hold good still and the rather, as I am now both elder and infirmer, and I am afraid more desperately so, then I beleevd my self to be at that time. When I come to London, as I hope to doe with in little more then a fortnight, I shall satisfy you more particularly, as I conceyve I have done already my Lord of Sarum, whose judgement as I should submitt to assoone as any mans, and sooner then my owne if it were different from mine. So I am more confirm'd in my owne opinion, when I find it conformable to his, being satisfyed with these reasons I had to refuse it. Seriously if I thought I could doe that service to the Church, which many hundreds could not doe better, I would preferre the doing it with trouble before any ease or convenience of my owne but in the condition that I am, and the many imperfections upon me, I do not speak it modestly, I cannot have such a thought. I am hartily sorry for the death of that Bishop,[EH] he was a man of excellent parts and though there was something to be desired in him, yett take him alltogether he was both able and likely to good service in that place which I pray God may loose nothing by his successor!

My Lord I beseech your Lordship to present my most humble duty and thankes to my gracious Master, the thinking me worthy of such a preferment, and that frankness and kindness which you speak of in his expressing it, was worth to me a great deale more then any thing els he could give me. I pray for him daylie, and most hartily, as I doe likewise for your Lordship to whom I am a moste affectionate servant

My Lord JO: EARLES."

[Addressed] "For the Right Reverend Father in God Gilbert Lord Bishopp of London these at Whitehall."


[DZ] It is curious to find this Character in the Durham MS. Bliss, in his account of the editions, speaks of the 6th edition (1633) as having two additional Characters, one of them being "The Herald." The edition of 1630, also called "the 6th edition augmented," I possess. It contains seventy-six characters (numbered as seventy-seven by mistake), but neither of the two "additional ones." Bliss's knowledge of editions, as well as his acquisition of them was increased largely in the years that followed the publication of his book. When he had acquired the 1st edition he wrote pathetically in his annotated copy, "I have been more than fifty years looking for this book!" By that time too he knew that what he here calls the 2nd edition of 1629 was really the fifth. (See Arber's Reprint, where a table of the editions is given.)

[EA] "Fields."—Bright MS.

[EB] "Prices."—Bright MS.

[EC] This sentence by itself would make the Durham MS. a treasure.

[ED] "He is of great account with his mercer and in no man's books so much: who is so sure a friend to him that he will not lose him."—Durham MS.

[EE] "He is a great derider of schollers and censures their steeple hats for not being set on so good a blocke as his."—Durham MS.

[EF] "He will pull it out in the streets."—Durham MS.

[EG] "Counter."—Durham MS.

[EH] Bp. Gauden, of Worcester, died in the beg. of Sept., 1662.



"Well Sir! I will grumble no more, since you have vouchsaft to answer me at last, I was afraid you had thought you could not be enimy to the Court of Honour enough, except you renounc'd all civilitye. I could be verie angry with Mr. Vaughan for defrauding me of your punctuale letter, by not taking his leave of you, but he tells me, he was at your chamber in the Temple every day, and not finding you there, knew not where to seek you. Well I hope one day you will meet with some trustye messenger whose pockett may be capable of the great arcana[EJ] of your letter. I am not altogether without some intelligence how things passe, though by no such authenticall men as you are, yet such as G. Morley, who though he was not a man of such imployment, yet was one of less leasure then you for this fortnight, being to make a much longer speech then you, and in as good companye, for which I heare he is not thankd, as perchance nor you neyther. May you not trust with a carier, the telling me how he did, or how my Lord of Falkland does, since he is resolved I shall understand nothing of him by himselfe. I will not unthriftily spill my letters any more there, where they returne me no fruit. My father is your servant, for Sir Cph[EK] Widington, I hope he will compose this quarell without a suite. Is T. Triplett at London yett, or have you any great occasion to draw him up. These are all safe things to be convey'd by a porter to a carier, and by him to me, though my Lord Marshalls himself had feed them to intercept, or brake open your letters. Well when you are most idle, for I must confesse the thinking of me is not worth any time, wherein you may doe any thing els, say something to me. I that have leasure for us both, (as indeed what business here can fill a man's leasure that does not hunt nor drinke nor play at cardes) am content with so much patience from you as to read me when you will not write to

Your most humble servant JO. EARLES." [EL] "Bishopston." "Bish. Dec. 9."

"Pray remember my service to Mrs. Hyde and Mr. Harding."

An Original endorsed by Mr. Hyde.[EM]

[Addressed] To my most honor'd frend Mr. Edward Hyde at Sir Thomas Aylesburies house in Westminster in the Deans yard.

[Endorsed by Hyde] Mr. Earles 10ber. 1640.




"Though I believe you have received two or three letters from me since you writ any, yet since your's of your new year's eve came to my hands since I writ last, I reckon it my turn to write againe; and shall either convert you to a more sedulous correspondence, or make you so much ashamed (which is a modesty lazy men are very inclinable to), that you shall give over writing at all. I always send you word of the date of those which I receive from you, so that you can only tell whether I have had that which you say was pretty long and troublesome; for I have not thought any one half long enough, nor troublesome; otherwise than (which on my conscience was not your sense) under the notion of the vile caracters, which is almost cipher without a key: besides that commonly the ink and paper do so throughly incorporate, that the letters are hardly discernable. It is possible the Scots may take their money, if the other will pay it; but if upon that consideration they leave the Kingdom, or suffer the King to leave them, I will no more pretend to divination. Let not those apprehensions startle you nor be troubled that they seem sometimes to make Propositions which you do not like; it being safe and profitable to them to offer anything which they foresee must be denied by their jealous brethren. Look upon their Covenant, their avowed gloss upon that Covenant published to the world, and tell me if any contradications in Philosophy be more diametrically opposite and impossible to be reconciled to the ends of the Independents than those extremes. I wish I were as sure that the King would not desert himself and his pious and honourable principles (of which, truly I have a great confidence) as that the Scots will stick to him, when they are fully convinced that he is not to be removed.

"Must I believe H. Cressy's[EN] resolution to be peremptory whilst he remains in such company? Truly I am exceedingly troubled for it.

"What scruples or scandals could work this odious alteration (for methinks, apostacy is too cholerick a word towards a friend) which you could not remove? It is a great loss to the Church, but a greater to his friends, dead and alive; for the dead suffer where their memory and reputation is objected to question and reproach.

"Is it a necessary consequence to the conscience, that if a man turn to that Church, he must take orders in it? Methinks there is a duty incumbent to the function, that might well terrify a man that feels not a very strong impulsion, though he were never so well satisfied in the religion itself.

"If we can not keep him a Minister of our Church, I wish he would continue a layman in their's, which would somewhat lessen the defection, and it may be, preserve a greater proportion of his innocence.

"I am very glad (for my own sake) that you have the happiness to be known to my Lord Newcastle. I commit the managing what concerns me, both in substance and circumstance, wholly to your direction and dexterity: I told you how far I was advanced by my Lord Withrington. I pray remember my service to Mr. Hobbs by the same token that Sydney Godolphin hath left to him by his Will, a legacy of L200, and desire him for old aquaintance sake, and for your intercession, to bestow one of his books upon me, which I have never seen since it was printed, and therefore know not how much it is the same, which I had the favour to read in English. I thank you for your wishing your self here. I am sure I would purchase you at any price I could pay or promise, if it were as fit for the prince, as it would be for me. In the mean time I pray God he thinks your company as good as they know it to be who cannot get it. But will the good Bishop of Salisbury never come to relieve you? What does he? Where is he? What do you answer to the other thousand questions I have asked you?

"God send you a good New Year that may yield you a decent plenty, till it may give you an honest peace, and me meat enough against hunger, and cloathes enough against cold.

"And then if the Stationers do not sue out a commission of Bankruptcy against me for their arrears for paper and ink, I shall not fear any other creditors, nor the exception in the first where I will not give my place for the best amongst the compounders, nor the worst (that is the greatest) amongst the committee: less the title of being.

Sir, yours, etc." "Jersey, the 1st of January." A Copy of Mr. Edgeman, 1646-1649.


"Well, admit you do spend three hours every day, that you may spend one with the prince, allow two hours to your dinner, and two hours in the projecting where to get one, you have still a fair time to yourself, and one half hour in a week, without question, to tell me that you are alive, and that in this dismal time of mutation, you are so far from change, that you continue even the same to me.

"I am not willing to tell you, that though you owe me no letters, you have three or four of mine unanswered, but I must tell you the last packet from Paris brought me none from you though I found by some I received, that mine thither had not miscarried; so you were not without provocation.

"Indeed you are to blame to trust me so much with myself in this terrible conflict; with which most men are so unworthily appalled: for truly your advice and approbation is of singular comfort and encouragement to me. And now I pray tell me what is that 'Charitas Patriae' which all moral and divine authors have so much magnified. That I must not concur in the acts of impiety and injustice of my country, though never so generally practised, or do a thing in itself wicked to save or preserve my country from any suffering, is I doubt not very clear. But is that Charitas Patriae utterly to be abolished and extinguished, for its practise of that impiety and injustice? Should I wish their irreligion destroyed by an army of Turks, or their licence subdued by a power that would make them slaves? Was it well said of Alcibiades, that he is truly a lover of his country, not that refuseth to invade the country he hath wrongfully lost but desires so much to be in it, as by any means he can he will attempt to recover it? Was not Jocasta more Christian to her Son Polynices; Petendo patriam perdis; ut fiat tua, vis esse nullam.

"I pray, say somewhat to me of this argument; that I may really know how far I may comply with passion and provocation; and whether as no infirmity or impiety in my prince can warrant or excuse my declension of allegiance towards him, there be not some candour and kindness to remain towards a man's country, though infected with the most raging rebellion."

God preserve you!

8th of January 1646. A rough Draught, corrected, and endorsed by himself.



"I told you long since that when I came to speak of that unhappy battle of Newbury, I would enlarge upon the memory of our dear friend that perished there: to which I concieve myself obliged, not more by the rights of friendship than of history, which ought to transmit the virtue of excellent persons to posterity: and therefore I am careful to do justice to every man that hath fallen in the quarrel, on which side soever, as you will find by what I have said of Mr. Hambden himself.

"I am now past that point, and being quickened by your most elegant and ([EO]political) commemoration of him and from hints there, thinking it necessary to say somewhat for his vindication in such particulars as may possibly have made impression in good men, it may be I have insisted longer upon the argument than may be agreeable to the rules to be observed in such a work, though it be not much longer than Livy is in recollecting the virtues of one of the Scipio's after his death. I wish it were with you that you might read it, for if you thought it unproportionable for the place where it is I could be willingly diverted to make it a piece by itself, and inlarge it into the whole size of his life; and that way it would sooner be communicated to the world. And you know Tacitus published the life of Julius Agricola before either his annals or his history.

"I am contented you should laugh at me for a fop in talking of Livy and Tacitus; when all I can hope for is to side Hollingshead, and Stow, or (because he is a poor knight too, and worse than either of them) Sir Richard Baker. But if I had not hooked them in this way, how should I have been able to tell you, that I have this year read over Livy and Tacitus; which will never be found by the language and less by the Latin. We have had no boat out of Normandy these ten days, so that we have heard nothing from the Isle of Wight since the Kings first message thence. God send us good news that we may again (in what condition soever) enjoy one another; which will be a very great satisfaction to; your most affectionate humble servant."

"Jersey this 14 Dec. St. vet."

A Copy, endorsed by himself.

* * * * *

There are two very long letters of Feb. 12th and March 16th, 1647—too long to quote in full—from which I have thought it worth while to make extracts.

Concerning the subject of the Charitas Patriae, "I cannot" he says, "rejoice at foreign powers being at peace" that there might be "forces vacant for the reduction of England,"—but he appeals to Earle for "advice and direction; upon whose judgment, discretion, and conscience I do so much depend that I do really suspect my own when I find it at all differ from yours." He speaks too of Earle's company being so comforting to his fellow-exiles. Jersey Feb. 12th.

In the letter of March 16th, speaking of possible deterioration of character—of "innocence destroyed," of "wiping out the old loved prints," he adds that the "shame of communicating his thoughts" to Earle [in case of his (the writer's) falling away] will, he hopes, keep him from any "alteration." In the same letter there is another reference to what Earle had written about Lord Falkland—no such work I understand survives—"I would desire you at your leisure to send me that discourse of your own which you read to me in the end of your Contemplations upon the Proverbs in memory of my Lord Falkland: of whom, in its place, I intend to speak largely—"so far from being an indecorum (it will be) no less the business of history than the truth of things."

Anthony Wood's opinion [Bliss's reference to Wood is very brief] of Earle may be added to Clarendon's testimonies: "This Dr. Earl was a [EP]very genteel man, a contemner of the world, religious, and most worthy of the office of a Bishop." He is elsewhere styled by him "learned and godly,"—but the epithet "genteel" gives an extra touch that we should be loth to lose. In reference to his Latin Translation of Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity he adds: "He was only the fit man to make the learned of all nations happy." Of the Hortus Mertonensis he tells us that it was one "of several copies of his ingenuity and poetry that were greedily gathered up" at the University.

I have said in the Preface that nothing is known to Earle's disparagement. It is true that Ludlow says[EQ]: "Dr. Earle told me that by abolishing episcopacy we took away all the encouragement to learning; for that men would not send their sons to the University had they not some hopes that they would attain preferment." And he is very severe on "this sordid principle and consideration." That it was not the recommendation of learning to Earle is abundantly proved by the Microcosmography—but he might well think the University ought not to lose the advantage of any material inducements such as might appeal to ordinary men.

Earle, moreover, was a humourist, and may have amused himself with arguments which seemed good enough for his audience. Lord Macaulay must not be supposed indifferent to learning because he told his nephew to "get a good degree at College and become a Fellow—for then he would have almonds and raisins for the rest of his life for nothing!"

My interleaved copy of Bliss has on the fly-leaf the words "the castrated title and leaf are preserved, with the addition of a proof title page with Dr. Bliss's name omitted." The copy is announced in a catalogue slip pasted in at the end of the book as containing[ER] MS. notes by Joseph Haslewood and Dr. Bliss. The words above the title—Ex dono editoris (altered to impressoris)—have the initials J. H. below them. There are also three advertisements of Bliss's book, "published this day," two of them on coloured paper pasted in the beginning; the third is supplemented by a notice from the Monthly Review, Feb. 1812, which runs as follows:—"We recommend the perusal of this work to every class of readers, since it is in truth a store house of wit and wisdom ... The old fashioned dress in which these acute strictures on human life appear, while it takes little or nothing from their intelligibility, adds much to their force and liveliness. The lovers of proverbial wit, for many of these characters are strings of judicious adages, are therefore greatly obliged to Mr. Bliss for his pleasing republication of so pregnant a volume. The notes are instructive without prolixity: the index is extremely useful, for it is really astonishing[ES] how large a quantity of good matter is scattered up and down the present duodecimo (the advt. calls it octavo), and the appendix contains an ample store of black-letter information, and will introduce almost every reader to some new acquaintances, who have singularity at least, if nothing else to recommend them. The Life of the Bishop, and the list of his works are particularly interesting."

All readers of Cowper will remember what a weight of authority the criticism of the Monthly Review carried with it, and the pathetic appeal of the Author to the Editor—"but oh!, dear Mr. Griffith, let me pass for a genius at Olney."[ET]

The notes and illustrations which Dr. Bliss did not make use of in his edition are as follows.[EU]

Two are on the serving-man, 'In querpo.'

"I am borne sweet lady To a poore fortune that will keep myself And Footman, as you see, to bear my sword In Cuerpo after me."

Mayne's City Match, a Comedy, 4to, 1658.

"You shall see him in the morning in the gallery—first, at noon in the Bullion, in the evening in Quirpo."—Massinger's Fatal Dowry.

"Dr. Johnson explains querpo, which he says is corrupted from cuerpo (Spanish), as a dress close to the body. Dryden uses it."

On the same character he has a quotation from Religio Regis, 12mo, 1715: King James in his advice to his son Henry, Prince of Wales, says "hawking is not to be condemned, but nevertheless, give me leave to say, it is more uncertain than the others (hunting), and subject to mischances."

On the "She-precise Hypocrite" he has a note—on "Geneva."

Like a Geneva weaver in black, who left The loom and entered into the ministry For Conscience Sake.—Mayne's City Match.

On 'door-posts' in 'The Aldermen' he quotes, "a pair of such brothers were fitter for posts without dore indeed, to make a shew at a new-chosen magistrate's gate."—The Widow, 4to, 1652.

Of 'Paul's Walk' there is yet one more illustration. "Walk in the middle Ile in Paul's, and gentlemen's teeth walk not faster at ordinaries than there a whole day togeather about inquirie after newes."—Theeves falling out true men come by their good, or the Belman wanted a clapper, 4to, Lond., 1615.

On the Pot-Poet he has a quotation from Whimzies, a new cast of Characters, 8vo, Lond., 1633, an illustration of the "strange monster out of Germany." "Nor comes his invention farre short of his imagination: for want of truer relations, for a neede he can find a Sussex dragone, some sea or Inland monster, drawn out by some Shoe Lane man in a gorgon-like feature, to enforce more horror in the beholder."

At the end of the Characters there is an extract from a letter of Clarendon which mentions that the deanery of Westminster "was designed to a person of very known and confessed merit," (most probably Dr. John Earle) written below. He quotes Anthony Wood on the other side of this leaf for Earle's friendships, with Henry Cary, first Earle of Monmouth—with George Morley, afterwards Bishop of Winchester. Morley and Earle lived together at Antwerp till they were called to attend on the Duke of York in France. Two passages of Anthony Wood, which he does not quote, are worth recalling. Morley was sent by Charles II. to "thank Salmasius for his Apology for his Martyrd father, but not with a purse of gold as Joh. Milton, the impudent lyer, reported." Henry Cary was "well skill'd in the modern languages, and a general scholar"; and thus "was capacitated [by a forced retiredness in the troublesome times of Rebellion] to exercise himself in studies, while others of the nobility were fain to truckle to their inferiors for company sake."

I have only given two title-pages of editions in the year of publication. A table of editions is given on the next page.

[Title-page of first edition of 1628.]



A Peece of The World discovered; In Essayes and Characters.

[Here is inserted in MS.—"Written by John Earles of Merton Coll."]

Newly composed for the Northerne parts of this Kingdome.


[Title-page of 3rd edition of 1628.]



A Peece of

The World


In Essayes and




[W. H. Allnutt, in a MS. note inserted in the Bodleian copy of Arber's Reprint of the Characters, states that Arber has mistaken the order of priority of the three 1628 edd. Arber places the ed. with the above title-page second, and that of which the title is copied on p. 330, third. The second ed., called by Arber the first, is not in the Bodleian.]

The last written page of the Durham MS. has by way of Colophon


December anno Do This 14th mini day 1627.

"This little volume in calf binding, about 12mo size, is doubtless one of those referred to by Ed. Blount in his address to the Reader. The MS. is written in an exceedingly neat and small hand on the pages of the previously bound book, with margin lines ruled in red. At the top of the first page is written in a different hand, 'Edw. Blunt, Author.' The MS. contains 46 Characters in all, and is free from some evident blunders in the first printed copies, as if they had been done from dictation."

This MS. in the Durham Cathedral Library is entered in the catalogue (of the Hunter MSS.) as "Characters by Edward Blunt," and dated "about 1636," the date in the MS. having been overlooked.

Dr. Fowler in Notes and Queries, Nov. 4th, 1871.


+ + + -+ -+ Bliss Bliss, Bliss, Sale, British EDITION. 1811 . 1812-57. 1858. Museum Bodleian + + + -+ -+ "W. Stansby for Edward Blount,"[EV] 1628(a) No Yes Yes Yes Yes "W. Stansby for Robert Allot," 1628 (b)[EW] No Yes Yes Yes No "W. S. for Ed. Blount," 1628 (c)[EX] Yes Yes Yes Yes 4th No No No No No 5th 1629 Yes Yes Yes Yes 6th 1630 No No No Yes No "6th" 1633 Yes Yes Yes Yes 7th 1638 Yes Yes Yes Yes (A reprint of one of the first four) 1650 Yes Yes Yes Yes (Very doubtful) 1659 No "Mr. No No No Gilchrist" told him he possessed a copy by the same printers as in 1669 but with "1659." 8th 1664 No Yes Yes Yes No 9th 1669 No Yes Yes Yes No (1669 edition, with new title) 1676 No Yes Yes No No (Reprint of 1633 edition) 1732 Yes Yes Yes Yes (1732 edition, with new title and small changes) 1740 Yes Yes Yes Yes (Reprint of 1650 edition) 1786 Yes Yes Yes No (Bliss's edition) 1811 Yes Yes Yes (Arber's edition) 1868 or 1869 Yes Yes + + + -+ -+

British Museum. Bodleian. Bliss. As to the three 1628 editions— A is regarded as 1st 2nd 3rd B " " 2nd 3rd 2nd C " " 3rd 1st 1st

C has "Newly composed for the Northerne parts of this Kingdome."

F. MADAN, Sub-Librarian Bodleian Library, February 11th, 1897.

This table was compiled for me most kindly by Mr. MADAN. It answers the question, what editions Bliss knew of at various times.

The following passage from Evelyn's Diary adds one more testimony to Earle. Nov. 30th, 1662. "Invited by the Deane of Westminster (Dr. Earle) to his consecration dinner and ceremony on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church—then followed the consecration.... After this was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw. It cost neere L600.... Here were the Judges, Nobility, Clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally belov'd for his sweete and gentle disposition. He was author of those characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's Icon into Latine, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplaine, Deane of Westminster, and yet a most humble, meeke, but cheerful man, an excellent scholar,[EY] and rare preacher. I had the honour to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesties and the Churches exile. When I tooke leave of him he brought me to the Cloysters in his episcopal habit." He elsewhere speaks of "going to St. Germans to desire of Dr. Earle," then in attendance at the Prince of Wales' Court, that he would marry him "at the chapel of his Majesty's Resident at the Court of France," June 10th, 1647. A sermon of Earle's, "my deare friend now Deane of Westminster" is mentioned on Christmas Day 1660. It was one "condoling the breache made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess of Orange." My attention was drawn to these passages by a friend who claims descent from Bishop Earle—Mr. W. B. Alt, of New College, Oxford.

A testimony from another hand[EZ] is quoted in Bliss's annotated copy. "How well he understood the world in his younger days appears by his smart characters; how little he valued it was seen in the careless indifference of his holy contemplative life."

In Burnet's History of his own Times we are told that Charles II. "who had a secret pleasure in finding out anything that lessened a man esteemed eminent for piety, yet had a value for him (Earle) beyond all the men of his order." (See Arber's Reprint.) On the other hand the Parliament in 1645 had named him as one to be summoned to the Assembly of Divines, but he declined to come.[FA]

In 1654 there was printed at the Hague an Elzevir volume—"morum exemplar," Latin characters by one Louis du Moulin. He aspires he says in the preface to be the Virgil or Seneca to Earle's Theocritus or Menander.

This is his testimony to the characters.

"Et sane salivam primum mihi movit vester Earles cujus characteribus, non puto quicquam exstare vel severius ubi seria tractat, vel festivius quands innoxie jocatur: ant pictorem unquam penicillo propius ad nativam speciem expressisse hominis vultus, quam ille ejus mores patria lingua descripserit."

It may be of interest to mention in connection with the title of Earle's book that the phrase of Menenius Agrippa in Coriolanus.—"The Map of my Microcosm" actually occurs as a title of a book of characters by H. Broune, 1642, the alternative description being "a morall description of man newly compiled into Essays.

Bliss's MS. book illustrates what I have said in the preface of the change in the character-sketch. The essay and the pamphlet gradually usurp the place of social studies. The great mass of the "characters" of the last half of the seventeenth century are political or religious. On the other hand, while the only prose character in Bliss of the sixteenth century deals with the criminal classes, "a discoverie of ten English leapers verie noisome and hurtfull to the Church and Commonwealth," quoted in his MS. notebook, mixes such characters with "the Simoniacke," "the murmurer," "the covetous man." The date is 1592. (The Tincker of Torvey (1630) also exhibits this mixture.)

It may be worth while to add a few titles of books of characters, as illustrating the range of this class of literature, or as being in themselves interesting. They are from Bliss's own notes in his own copy of his book or in the MS. note book before referred to.

1. "The Coffee-House—a character."

{When coffee once was vended here, Prefatory {The Alc'ran shortly did appear, verses. {... reformers were such widgeons, {New liquors brought in new religions.

2. Also a character of coffee and coffee-houses. "It was first brought into England when the palats of the English were as fanaticall as their brains.... The Englishman will be a la mode de France. With the barbarous Indian he smooks tobacco: with the Turk he drinks coffee."

3. News from the new Exchange. The commonwealth of ladies. Printed in the year of women with out Grace, 1650.

4. There are many countries characterized—Italy, Spain, Holland, Scotland. 'Holland' is in verse. It bears out Earle's contemptuous references to the Dutch. It is here called "The offscouring of the British land."

"This indigested vomit of the sea Fell to the Dutch by just propriety."

1672. [It will be found among Marvell's satires, but Bliss does not mention this.]

5. "Scotland characteriz'd: in a letter to a young gentleman to dissuade him from an intended journey thither, 1701."

6. "The noble cavalier characterized," "& a rebellious caviller cauterized," 1644 or 5. An answer to Wither's Campo Musae. A vigorous preface says—"To begin roundly, soundly, and profoundly, the Cavalier is a gentleman." By John Taylor.

7. Lucifer's Lacky: the true character of a dissembling Brownist, 1641.

8. "The Tincker of Torvey: a scholler, a cobler, a tincker, a smith; with Bluster, a seaman, travel from Billingsgate to Gravesend." 1650.

9. "The interpreter," 1622, deals with "three principall terms of state—a puritan, a Protestant, a papist."

10. "The Joviall Crew; or the Devill turn'd Ranter." 1651.

11. [Greek: ta diapheronta]; or divine characters, in two parts, will have an interest for Bristol readers; it is "by that late burning and shining lamp, Master Samuel Crook, B.D., late Pastor of Wrington in Somerset, who being dead yet speaketh." 1658.

12. "A character of the Religion and manners of Phanatiques in Generall," 1660, includes in the list "Seekers and Enthusiasts." The last sounds strange as a species.

13. "The character of an Ignoramus Doctor," 1681, recalls The Microcosmography.

14. The captive Captain, or the restrained Cavalier," 1665, also, in part, suggests Earle. "Of a Prison," "The anatomy of a Jayler," "The lean Prisoner," "The restrained Cavalier and his melancholy."

15. Bliss also mentions "The character of a learned man," and gives some choice extracts. "Our sottish and idle enthusiasts are to be reproved who call learning but a splendidum peccatum." "Alexander commanded his soldiers neither to damnify Pindarus, the poet, nor any of his family."

16. "A wandering Jew telling fortunes to Englishmen." 1640.

17. "The spiritual navigators bound for the Holy Land." 1615.

18. "The picture of a modern Whig: a dialogue between Whiglove and Double, at Tom's Coffee-House." 1715.

19. In 1671 "Le vice ridicule" appeared. A sort of translation of Earle's characters.

20. Pictures of Passions, Fancies, and Affections, poetically deciphered in variety of characters (no date).

21. Characters of gentlemen that have put in to the Ladies Invention. This begins—"A little Beau of the city strain."

22. Characters of several ingenious designing gentlewomen, who have lately put in to the Ladies Invention, which is intended to be drawn as soon as full. (There is no date to either of these.)

One or two extracts may be added from Anthony Wood.

"Lord Falkland, when he became one of the gentlemen of His Majesty's Privy Chamber, had frequent retirements to Great Tew and sometimes to Oxon, for the company of and conversation with learned and witty men. William Chillingworth (author of the Religion of Protestants), Joh. Earle,[FB] Charles Gataker (son of Thomas Gataker [the Editor of Marcus Aurelius] and Anthony Wood thinks Chaplain to Lord Falkland); Thomas Triplet, a very witty man of Christ Church; Hugh Cressey, and others.[FC] Cressey wrote a number of theological works, and in one of them occurs the testimony to Earle given in Bliss."

The saturnine Anthony Wood is amusingly illustrated in two passages from his notice of Earle. "John Earle received his first being in this vain and transitory world within the city of York.... His elegy on Beaumont was printed at the end of the quarto edition of Beaumont's poems—put out with a poetical epistle before them, subscribed by a Presbyterian bookbinder—afterwards an informer to the Court of Sequestration ... and a beggar defunct in prison"! In the notice of Morley he tells us that "his banishment was made less tedious to him by the company of Dr. Joh. Earle, his dearest friend." It is sad to find that the translation of Hooker which was "to make the learned of all nations happy" was "utterly destroyed"—the loose papers being taken by the servants after Earle's death "to light their fires or else to put under their bread and pies." This translation "was Earle's entertainment during a part of his exile at Cologne." See the Bodleian letters quoted in Arber's Reprint. To that Reprint I have been much indebted for help of various kinds.

My warmest thanks are due to Professor Rowley, of University College, Bristol, whom I have constantly consulted while preparing this issue of Dr. Bliss's edition. If one may be allowed a slight twist of a Shakspearian phrase, I would say of such help as his—"Ripeness is all." It is this quality that makes one at least of Professor Rowley's friends so grateful and so importunate.

S. T. I. Clifton, April, 1897.


[EI] In a later hand.

[EJ] Arcana in margin.

[EK] Th. in margin, i.e., Th[omas].

[EL] In a later hand.

[EM] In the later hand.

[EN] A fellow of Merton with Earle. His testimony to Earle is quoted by Bliss. Anthony Wood says of him, "that when he lost his most beloved Lord Falkland, at Newbury Fight, he travelled as a tutor, and upon a freight that the Church of England would terminate through the endeavours of the peevish and restless Presbyterians, began to think of settling himself in the Church of Rome." He recanted his errors publicly at Rome in 1646.

[EO] Poetical?

[EP] This epithet with Clarendon's "wary and cultivated" must be set against what Clarendon tells us of his "negligence in dress, habit and mien." Earle can never have been awkward. His courtesy was born with him, and he can never have needed (like "the downright scholar") "brushing over with good company."

[EQ] Memoirs, vol. I, p. 81, ed. C. Firth.

[ER] I ought to say that Mr. Madan, who was kind enough to look at my copy, does not think many of the notes are in Bliss's hand-writing.

[ES] "More care, attention, accuracy and valuable enlargement from an inexhaustible stock of materials has rarely been witnessed than in the editorial labours of Dr. Bliss."—Dibdin, speaking of Bliss's edition of the Athenae Oxonienses.

[ET] Cowper's Letters, June 12th, 1782.

[EU] Some of the MS. notes in my copy are the same as those in the printed volume.

[EV] To Bliss's notice of {Blount Blunt}; it may be added that "Pericles" was printed for him in 1609; and the first edition of Marlow's "Hero and Leander" in 1598 ["printed for Edward Blunt by Adam Islip" (Philemon Holland's printer)]. Marlow's "First Book of Lucan" (1600) has a humorous and complimentary dedication to Blunt from another bookseller, Thomas Thorpe. See "Earlier History of English Bookselling." (Sampson and Low.)

[EW] The second folio Shakespeare (1632) was printed for him.

[EX] The 1613 edition of Hero and Leander was printed by W. Stansby for Ed. Blunt. He also published some of Ben Jonson's works.

[EY] Sir Henry Savile, Provost of Eton, and editor of the famous Chrysostom, recognised Earle's scholarship. "When a young scholar was recommended to him for a good witt,—Out upon him! I'll have nothing to do with him—he would say, give me the plodding student. If I would look for witts, I would go to Newgate—There be the witts! and John Earle was the only scholar that ever he took as recommended for a witt."—Aubrey.

[EZ] David Lloyd, "Memoirs," 1668, folio.

[FA] "The very Parliament naming him as worthy ... though he thought not it worthy of him."—Ib.

[FB] Aubrey calls him "an ingeniose young gent, but no writer."

[FC] "Ben Jonson, Edmund Waller, Esq., Mr. Th. Hobbes, and all the excellent witts of that peaceable time."—Aubrey.


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