Manual of Military Training - Second, Revised Edition
by James A. Moss
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PLATOON GUIDES: Close order drill 210 Duties in fire fight 289

PLATOON LEADER: Allotment of target to 282 Control the fire in deployment 270 Duties on fire fight 288; 289 Equipped with whistles 83 Of flank platoons when company acts alone 268 Positions in verifying alignments 218 Repeating commands 214

Platoon, the fire unit of 287

PLATOONS: Advance into an engagement 249 Assignment 206 Designation 205 Division of company into 204

Point of aim 1357

Point of rest, definition 46

Point on which base squad marches in deployment 238

Points of compass 1084

Poison, first aid 1508

PORT ARMS FROM: Inspection 146 Left shoulder 136 Order 125 Present 126 Right shoulder 132 Position and aiming drills 1365

POSITION FIRE: Advance by rushes 293 When used 438

POSITION OF: Captain in dressing company 302 Load, when taken 183 Piece at order 123 Piece "diagonally across the body" 122 (Second) The soldier 99 Position sketching 1889

POST OF: Band 71; 299 Commander in fight 383 Color 637; 638; 650; 664; 665 File closers in column of squads 221 Major during attack 352 Major in route order 325 Mounted enlisted men 73; 76; 78 Noncommissioned officer in command of troops 79 Noncommissioned staff officers 77; 78 Officers, noncommissioned officers and special units (band and machine gun company) shown in plates 71; 72 Reviewing officer 617 Special units 71; 72; 299 Staff officers 73

Powder fouling, removing from bore 1327

Practical instruction, purpose 369

Precision taught by drill at attention 55 (a)

Preliminary drills 1355

PREPARATORY COMMAND: Arrangements of elements 57 To revoke 64 What it indicates 87

PRESENT ARMS FROM: Left shoulder 136 Order 124 Port 127 Right shoulder 133

Present saber 673

Principles of combat, extent to which treated in Part I 54

Prisoners do not salute 1567

Privates of the Guard 1715

Privileges, awarding 881

Privileges, withholding 884

Program of training 919

Progression in training and instruction 917

Property, responsibility, company 886; 896

PROTECTION: By reconnaissance 410; 412 When battalion is acting alone 330 When company is acting alone 268

Protection against surprise when company is acting alone 268

PUNISHMENT: Awarding 915 Company 882; 883

PURSUIT: Additional force for 483 General principles 490; 494 Pursuing fire 486 Troops used for 487


Quartermaster sergeant (now supply sergeant) assignment at drill 207

Quibbling, avoiding, in interpreting drill regulations 53

QUICK TIME: Cadence 108 From double time 111 Movements habitually executed in 109


RANGE: Classification 275-277 Command announcing 188 Determining of 276; 277; 426 Finders 277 Importance of correct sight setting 425 In attack 344; 426 In defense 426 Signal for announcing 92

Range, how determined 1429

Range practice 1386

Ranging volleys 278

Rank, definition 47

Rapid fire exercises 1372

RATE OF: Fire 191; 292; 415; 1419 Quick and double time 108

Ration return 909

Ready 189

Reality in training 922

Rear guard, use of machines guns as part of 554

Rear marching, skirmishers, not assembled 173

Rear rank not loading nor firing kneeling or lying down 179

Rear sight, description 1343

Rear, to the, how to execute 118

RECONNAISSANCE: Battalion acting alone 330 Combat 403-413 Company acting alone 268 Company advancing into an engagement 249 Each commander to guard against surprise 442 Meeting engagement 534; 538 Minor warfare 608 Night operations 587 Personal before deployment 441 To precede formation of plan 394

Record of rifles 902

Record of size of clothing 906

Records, company 887-909

Recruits, instruction 97-98; 120; 152-156

Rectifying column, (battalion) 312

Red bugs 1488

Reduction and resignation of noncommissioned officers 876

Reenforcement of firing line by major 359

Reenforcements, size 353

Reenforcing firing line 263-366; 354

REGIMENT: Interval in deployment 454 Lines of communication established by 400 Muster 655-657

REGIMENTAL COLOR: Salutes by 660 Saluting reviewing officer 622

REGIMENTAL COMMANDER: Action in deployment of division 440 Decide equipment carried into action 382

Rejoining command after completion of task 390

REPETITION OF: Command for guides, by captains at battalion drill 301 Commands by captains at battalion drill 300 Orders, commands and signals 83; 88

Report, first sergeant's when company is formed 215

Reports, saluting when making or receiving 75

Represented enemy, definition 56

Requisites of good scout 1031

RESERVE: Captured position strengthened by reserves 492 Commander of troops in action habitually with reserve 383 Covering withdrawal of attacking troops 489 Deployment to enable withdrawal of faulty firing line 444 Enveloping attack 461; 462 Fire of position in decisive action 438 Furnished by units larger than battalion 455 Gives impetus to charge 481 How used 455 In attack charged with flank protection 466 In withdrawal from action 547 Machine guns as part of 557 Occupying trenches vacated by firing line to improve same 476 Of firing line, strength 449; 450 Part played by, in pursuit 491 Post and strength in holding attack 500 Post of, in attack 466 Post of, in defense 513 Post of, in delaying action 532 Reduction of reserve in case of protected flanks 452 Regimental: Ammunition sent from 574 Use of, in case of victory 383

Respect, factor in training 929

Respect for sentinels 1577

Respect to noncommissioned officers 1525

Responsibility, devolution of 869

Responsibility for proper training 921

Rest, executed as without arms 121 (Fifth)

Rests, the 100; 101; 121

"1. Resume 2. March" 63

Retained copies of rolls, etc., company 899

Retiring under fire 475

Return saber 679

Reveille and retreat gun 1837

Reverse slopes 1427

Revetments 1124; 1125; 1166

REVIEWS: Band 623; 624 Battalion 631-633 Battalions, after passing reviewing officer 628 Brigades, or larger commands 628; 629 Cadence at which troops pass in review 627 Commander faces command 614 Flank to pass 12 paces from reviewing officer 617 Flourishes 624 Formation of companies, battalions and regiments 616 General rules 617-630 March, played as honor 624 National air, playing as honor 624 Order in which troops are arranged 614 Passing around line 618; 631 Points where column changes direction 617 Post of reviewing officer on left of column 626 Post of reviewing officer and others 617 Reviewing officer returns only salute of commanding officer 618 Reviewing officer, post 617 Reviewing officer junior to commanding officer 630 Riding around troops 618 Ruffles 524 Salute by regimental color 622 Salute returned by reviewing officer 618 Salute by lieutenant colonel 615 Saluting by staff 615; 619 Saluting the color 618 Standing "at ease" etc., in case of brigade or larger command 629 Subordinates face to front 614 To the color 624 Turning out of column by commanding officer of troops 620; 621

Revoking preparatory command 64

Rewards and privileges, company 881

Ricochet shots 1425

RIFLE, care and description: Army regulations 1341 Bore 1322-1324; 1328 Description 1342 Importance 1321 Kinds of fouling 1325 Oil, how to apply 1339 Oiling barrel 1330 Rear-sight leaf 1343 Removing metal fouling 1327 Removing powder fouling. See "Piece" 1326

Rifle exercises 847

RIFLE SALUTE AT: Order or trail 141 Right shoulder 140

RIFLE TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION: Adjustment of fire 1428 Aiming exercise 1368 Aiming point 1357 Aiming and sighting 1350 Appearance of objects 1396 Auxiliary aiming points 1431 Ballistic qualities of rifle 1410 Battle sight 1352 (c) Beaten zone 1413 Center of impact 1412 Clock system of target designation 1446; 1447 Clock system of wind designation 1391 Cold, effect on shooting 1397 Collective instruction 1404 Combat exercises 1408 Combat practice 1404 Combined sights 1430 Communication in fire control and direction 1447 (b) Cone of fire or dispersion 1411 Defilade 1420 Deflection 1384 Deflection and elevation correction drills 1383 Designation of targets 1445-1447 (a) Designation of winds 1391 Distribution of fire 1441-1444 Effect of fire 1410 Effect of heat, light, etc. 1397; 1403 Effectiveness of fire 1416 Estimating distance 1393-1395 Exercises in fire control and direction 1450 Finger system of target designation 1447 (a) Fine sight 1353 (b) Fire direction and control 1434-1440 Fire discipline, definition 1406 Fire distribution 1441-1444 Firing at stationary targets 1428 Full sight 1353 (c) Gallery practice 1385 Gentle reverse slopes 1427 Grazing fire 1423 Heat, effect on shooting 1397 Hits, percentage 1417 Horizontal clock face system of target designation 1446 Individual instruction 1349 Influence of ground 1420 Light, effect on shooting 1399 Location of trenches 1426 Long range fire 1414 Mirage 1400 Moisture, effect on shooting 1398 Moving targets, firing at 1432 Night firing 1433 Normal sight 1353 (a) Object of system 1344 Occupation of ground 1426 Open sight 1352 (a) Peep sight 1352 (b) Percentage of hits 1417 Point of aim 1357 Position and aiming drills 1365 Preliminary drills 1355 Program of instruction 1348 Range, how determined 1429 Range practice 1386 Rapid fire exercise 1372 Rate of fire 1419 Reverse slopes 1427 Ricochet shots 1425 Sighting and aiming 1350 Shot group 1412 Sighting drills 1356; 1383 Sights, kinds of 1352 Sling, use 1387 Slopes gentle reverse 1427 Stationary targets firing at 1428 Target designation 1445-1447 (a) Targets, number hit 1418 Technical principles of firing 1409 Trajectory 1349 Trial shots, determination of range 1395 Triangle of sighting 1359 Trigger squeeze exercise 1370 Vertical clock face system of target designation 1447 Volleys, determination of range 1395 Windage 1384 Zero of rifle 1392 Zone of effective fire 1415

Right (left) about, squad 167

RIGHT (LEFT) BY: File 235 Squads 226 Two's 234; 235

Right, definition 48

Right (left, center) dress 154; 310; 311

Right face 104

RIGHT (LEFT) FRONT INTO LINE FROM: Close column 322 Column of platoons or squads (company) 231 Column of squads or companies 314 Column of two's 235

Right half face 104

RIGHT (LEFT) HALF TURN: Command 67 Squad 164

Right (left) oblique 163

RIGHT SHOULDER FROM: Inspection 146 Left shoulder 136 Order 129 Port 131 Present 134 Right shoulder, pieces brought to, from order at command "March" 121 (Sixth)

Right (left) step, how executed 114

RIGHT (LEFT) TURN: Company 222 Squad 164

Rise, how executed 176

Road sketching 1891

Route march, post of major and file closers 325

Route step 233

RUFFLES AT: Funeral 641 Review 624

RULES FOR: Carrying piece 121 (First) Ceremonies 614-616 Close order (battalion) 300-306 Close order, company 210-214 Deployment 236-242 Drills and formations 57-79 Execution of manual 122 Parades 634; 635 Reviews 617-630 Salutes 75 Steps and marchings 107-119

RUSHES: Advances made under covering fire 349 Begun by flank company 348 Command for 259 Company as whole led by captain 260 Prearranged methods prohibited 351 Size of rushing units 346; 347 Subsequent advancing 350 Use of position fire 293 When impossible for company to advance as a whole 258

Rust, how removed 1286


Saber, manual of 671-680

Safety lock 121; 185

SALUTES: Hand 106 Returned by reviewing officer 618 Rifle 141 Saber 75; 673 With color 660 See "Honors and salutes" also "Military Courtesy"

SALUTING: By lieutenant colonel in ceremonies 615 By staffs in ceremonies 619 Mounted junior to dismount before saluting dismounted senior 75 On marches 1227 Regimental color 622 The color in reviews 618 When making or receiving reports 75

Saluting volleys fired in close order 269

Sapping, advancing to charging point 498

Scalds, first aid 1509

Scale of map distances 1867 (a)

Scales 1861-1869

Scales of maps 1885-1888

Scaling distances from map 1865

SCHOOL OF THE: Battalion 295-363 Company 202-294 Soldier 97-147 Squad 148-201

SCOUTING AND PATROLLING: Eyesight and hearing 1083 Cat and mouse contest 1089 Concealment and dodging 1087 Finding way in strange country 1084 Flag stealing contest 1090 Footmarks, following 1088 Landmarks, observing 1086 Lost, what to do 1085 Mouse and cat contest 1089 Points of compass 1084 Requisites of good scouts 1031 "Tracking" 1088

Scouts; See, "Mounted Scouts"

Scratches, first aid 1510

Search lights, trench warfare 1193

Seeing at night 1094

Semaphore signaling 863

Semi-blindness 1512

Sentinel's orders 1716

Sentinels, respect for 1517

Sentries firing at night 1104

Separated officers and others placing themselves under order of nearest higher commander 390; 391

Sergeant of the guard 1642

Service calls 695

SERVICE OF INFORMATION: Bridges, facts to be obtained about 1000 Bridges, reconnoitering of 992 Buildings, reconnoitering of 996 Camp noises 985 Camps, abandoned 986 Canals, facts to be obtained about 1003 Cross roads, how reconnoitered 989 Defiles, facts to be obtained about 1006 Defiles, reconnoitering of 991 Demolitions 1011 Enclosures, reconnoitering of 994 Facts to be obtained about various objects 998 Fords, reconnoitering of 992 Heights, facts to be obtained about 1010 Heights, reconnoitering of 990 Houses, reconnoitering of 996 Indications to be noticed by patrols 983 Marches, facts to be obtained about 1007 Patrolling: Facts to be obtained about various objects by patrols 998 Civilians 970 Flames and smoke 987 Messages 979; 980 Model reports 1016 Night work 975 Patrol fighting 977 Principles of patrolling 967 Patrols: Acting upon meeting hostile patrols 971 By whom furnished 962 Cooerdination before departure 966 Definition 959 Formation 968 Guarding against being cut off 974 Halts 970 Inspection before departure 961 Leaders 961 Orders and instructions 963 Preparation for starting 965 Prisoners to be captured 984 Problems 1017-1019 Rate of march 969 Report on return 1015 Returning by different route 973 Scattered patrols 972 Signals 978 Size 960 Ponds, facts to be obtained about 1007 Positions, reconnoitering of 995 Railroads: Demolitions 1013 Facts to be obtained about 999 Reconnaissance of positions 989 Rivers, facts to be obtained about 1001 Roads, facts to be obtained about 998 Signs to be noticed by patrols 983 Springs, facts to be obtained about 1008 Suggestions for gaining information about the enemy 983 Suggestions for reconnaissance of positions 989 Telegraph line, demolition 1012 Telegraphs, facts to be obtained about 1004 Valleys, facts to be obtained about 1009 Villages, facts to be obtained about 1005 Villages, reconnoitering of 997 Vision limits of 988 Wagon roads, demolition 1014 Woods, facts to be obtained about 1002 Woods, reconnoitering of 993

SERVICE OF SECURITY: Advance guard, general principles 1021-1024 Advance guard order 1025-1026 Advance guard problems 1033-1046 General principles 1020 Outposts: Advance cavalry 1056 Cavalry outpost 1071 Changes for the night 1075 Communication between subdivision 1074 Composition 1053 Concealment 1068 Cossack post 1061 Definition and duties 1051-1052 Detached posts 1069 Distances between subdivisions 1055 Entrenchments 1067 Establishing the outpost 1073 Examining posts 1070 Flags of truce 1066 Formation 1054 Intercommunication 1074 Obstacles 1067 Outguards 1058 Outpost order 1073 Patrols 1064-1065 Pickets 1059 Problems 1077; 1078; 1079 Relieving outpost 1076 Reserves 1063 Sentinels 1062 Sentry squad 1060 Subdivisions 1054 Supports 1057 Problems, advance guards 1033-1046 Rear guard, general principles 1047-1050

Setting-up exercises 826; 837

SHELTER TENT: Care of 1303 Pitching: New model 682 Old model 707-710 Striking 687

Shock, first aid 1511

SHOES: Care 1292 On marches 1229 Polishing 1295; 1299; 1300 Repair 1294 Selection 1293

"Short point" 824 (d)

Shot group 1412

Shots grazing enemy have approximate value of hits 291

Sick report 889

Side step 114

Siege operations 496

Siege works 1172

Sight rear, description 1343

SIGHT SETTING: Command 188 Importance 425

Sighting and aiming 1350

Sighting drills 1356; 1383

Sights, kinds of 1352

Signal Corps, establishment of lines of communication 399

SIGNAL FLAGS: Carried by musician (now bugler) 94; 401 Carried by orderlies 400 Description 94 Use 95

SIGNALING: "Chop chop" signal 863 General service code 861 Heliograph, flash lantern, searchlight 864 Morse code 866 Semaphore code 863 Sound signals 865 Wigwag 862

SIGNALS: Arm 92 Attention fixed at first motion 82 Bugle used on and off the battlefield 90 Captain of supporting company to look out for major's signals 263 Cease firing 90 Change elevation 92 Commence firing 90 Communication between firing line and reserve 96 Flag 94; 96 For "Platoon" and "Squad," use of 93 Instruction in use of 81 Limitation of 84 Long blast of whistle: Signifies suspension of firing 193 To be avoided as signal for cease firing in rushes 234 Movement commences when signal is understood 82 Range, to announce 92 Repetition of 83 Special prearranged 84 Training in use of, to control firing line 55 (d) Use during firing 271 Use on firing line 431 Use of saber, rifle, or headdress in making 81 When used 80 Whistle 91

Simple maneuvers best 375

Simple movements essential to correct battle training 52

Simulate load, how executed 186

Simultaneous movements by companies or platoons in battalion drill 305

Single loader, use of rifle as 186

Single rank 98 (a); 616

Sitting position used instead of kneeling one 178

Size of clothing, record 906

SKIRMISHERS: Deployment: Company 243 General rules 236-244 Squad 170 To rear 246 Face to front and take advantage of cover on halting 240 Interval between 170; 172; 247; 255; 447 Not assembled, marching to rear 173 To form from platoon or squad column 253

Skulking of troops carrying back wounded 381

Sky lines to be avoided 421

Sleeping bag 685; 686

SLING, GUN: Adjustment and use 1387 Included in grip of piece at balance 122 (First) Use when deployed 184

Sling packs, old equipment 706

Slopes, gentle reverse 1427

Slopes on maps 1868

Slower, fire 191

Small arms firing. See "Rifle training and instruction"

Smartness taught by drills at attention, etc. 55 (a)

Snake's bites 1480

Sniperscope 1208

Snow blindness 1512

Sore throat 1513

Sortie steps 1150

Sound signals 865

Special units; posts of 71; 72

Spider bites 1514

Spirit of order to be complied with by officers 377

Spirit to govern in interpreting drill regulations 53

Splicing 1133-1135

Splints 1484

Spoon, care 1306

Sprains, first aid 1516

SQUAD: Base 236; 239 Composition 149 Dressing 154 Front when deployed 171 Integrity in battle 151 Movements executed as prescribed in school of the soldier 152 Right 165 Right (left) about 167 To dismiss 147 To form 153

SQUAD COLUMN: Deployment 253 How executed 251 To assemble from 254 Use in advancing 249; 252

Squad drill, object 149

SQUAD LEADER: Action at preparatory command for forming skirmish line 237 Corporal is 150 Duties in fire fight 289 Post 150

SQUADS: Deployment when company is deployed 239 Designation 205 Division of company into 203 Grouping soldiers into 148 Preservation of integrity in battle 151 Right (left) about 228 Right (left) column right (left) 226 Right (left) front into line 235

Stable guards 1806

Stack arms 160; 161

STAFF: Does not change position when commander faces about to give command 74 Draws and returns saber with chief 73 Habitually mounted 73 Post of 73 Saluting by, in review 619 Turning out of column in review 620; 621

Stains, how removed 1284

Standards and colors 1575

Standing trench 1146

"Star Spangled Banner" 1572

"STAR SPANGLED BANNER" PLAYED AT: Funeral 641 Review 624

Statement of clothing charged to enlisted men 904

Stationary targets, firing at 1428

Step, change, how executed 119

Stepping off with left foot 107

Steps and marchings 107-119

Stings, first aid 1517

Straggling in marches 1224

Strange country, finding way in 1084

Striking tents 687; 690

SUBORDINATES: Cooeperation 387 Latitude allowed and initiative 384; 385; 386

SUCCESS IN BATTLE: Depends upon leadership, etc. 365 Factors entering into 373; 376 Object of military training 50 Principles for increasing probability of, provided for in drill regulations 53

SUCCESSION OF THIN LINES: Command for advancing 255 Use in advancing 249 Use and purpose 256

Successive formations, guide toward point of rest 65

Successive movements in double time, base unit marches in quick time 61

Suffocation, first aid 1478

Summary court records 903

Summary of combat principles 550

Sunburn, first aid 1485; 1518

Sunstroke 1519

Superiority of fire 414-438

SUPPORT: Artillery 601-605 Battalion: Battalion acting alone in defense 357 Distance from firing line 338 Division of battalion into support and firing line 335 Furnished by battalion 455 None at beginning 339 Position 337 Size 336 Company: Captain to look out for major's signals 363 Control by major 263 Duties of officers and sergeants upon joining firing line 266 Formations for 262 Original platoon divisions to be maintained 266 Promptness in reenforcing firing line 265 Reenforcements joining firing line 264 Occupying trenches vacated by firing line, to improve same 476 Of firing line, strength 449; 450 Post and strength, in holding attack 500 To cover withdrawal 362

Supporting artillery 434-437

Supreme will, but one in battle 387

SURPRISE: Each commander to guard his command against 442 Human element 92 Protection against, when company is acting alone 26

Suspend firing 193; 194

Syphilis 146


Tactical exercises, methods of conducting 37

Tactical orders 32

Tactical principles, application of 5

Take arms 16

TAKE INTERVAL: Actions of guides and file closers 213 How executed 156

TAKING DISTANCE: Actions of guides and file closers 66 How executed 158

"Tanks" 1204

TARGET: Action in defense when it disappears 294 Aiming points, use 284 Announced before or after range 181 Allotment to platoon leaders 282 Apportioned by major 340 Assignment by major 281 Change to be avoided 281 Choice of, etc. 422 Designation 201; 1445; 1447 (a) Determination of distance to 276 Distribution of fire 282; 283; 427 Hostile firing line usual target 281; 345 Observation of 424; 429 Once designated, not changed unless ordered 182

Target practice. See "Rifle training and instruction"

Target records, company 907

Targets, number hit 1418

TEAMWORK: Developed by thorough and uniform training 51 General principles 385-391

Technical principles of firing 1409

Telegraph code 866

Telephones in trenches 1171

Tent folding 691

TENT PITCHING: All types except shelter and conical wall 688 Conical wall 689 Shelter 681; 682

Tent striking 687; 690

Terrain exercises 945; 949

THE COLOR: Cased, defined 659 Meaning of "Color" 658 National, renders no salute 660 Receiving of 669 Salute by regimental 660 Where kept 659

Theoretical instruction, purpose 369

"The Star Spangled Banner," see "Star Spangled Banner"

THIN LINES SUCCESSION OF: Commands for advancing 255 Use and purpose 256 Use in advancing 249

Thoroughness in training 922

"To the Color" sounded at review 624

To the rear, how executed 118

Tourniquet 1481

"Tracking" 1088

Trail, at, (command) 121 (sixth)

Trail from order 139

TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION: Art of instruction on varied ground 933 Captain's responsibility for 202 Cheerfulness 930 Clearness 922 Commanding officers accountable for 51 Comradeship 932 Contentment 931 Courage 927 Cover, training in use of 939 Delivery of messages 958 Determination and individual intelligence 924 Fear 926 For battle, simple movements and elastic formations 52 Human element 925 Individual initiative 923 Interest 922 In use of signals to control fire line 55 (d) Map problems 954 Method and progression 918 Object 50; 917 Of battalions, major responsible for 295 Operating against other troops 941 Practice in commanding mixed squads 940 Principles provided for in Drill Regulations 53 Program 919 Reality 922 Respect 929 Responsibility 921 See, "General Common Sense Principles of Applied Minor Tactics" Simultaneous instruction and training 920 Surprise 928 Thoroughness 51; 922 Vanity 922

Trajectory 1349

Traveling in strange country 1084

Traverses 1149

Treatment of soldiers 872

TRENCH AND MINE WARFARE: Aerial mines 1200 Aids to firing 1209 Asphyxiating gases 1194 Bombs from air-craft 1202 Countermining 1211 Grenades and bombs 1197; 1198; 1199 Helmets 1205 Liquid fire 1196 Masks 1206 Mining 1210 Periscopes 1207 Protection against gases 1195 Protection against hand grenades 1203 Sniperscope 1208 "Tanks" 1204 Winged torpedoes 1201

TRENCHES: Located by major 351 Occupied by supports and reserves, to be improved 462 See "Field fortifications"

Trial shots, determination of range 1395

Trials by court-martial 882

Triangle of sighting 1359

Trigger-squeeze exercise 1370

Troops stable guards 1808

Trous de loup 1184

True meridian 1873

Turning about, mounted officer 74

Turning movements when allowable 458

TURNING ON FIXED PIVOT: How executed 164 When used 66

Two's right (left) front into line 235


Umpire 55; 371

UNFIX BAYONET: Krag rifle 694 Springfield rifle 143

Uniform, dignity of 1523

UNIT: Attack 342 Fire 287

Units not to be broken up 378

Unload 180; 187

Unload, Krag rifle 703

Unnecessary hardship to be avoided 380

Unsling equipment 648

Unsling packs, old equipment 706

Urinal tubs 1244

Use of cover 195-199

Use of ground 420; 421


Valleys determination of range 1395

Variety in instruction 922

Vegetables, distribution of disease 1458

Venereal disease 1466

Verbal orders 393

Vertical clock face system of target designation 1447

Visibility problem 1875

Vision at night 1094

VOLLEY FIRING: How executed 189 Use 278


Wall tents 688

War game 946; 949

Warning calls 692

Watchmen 1781

WATER: Distribution of disease 1457 In camp 1253 In trenches 1168

Whistle, long blast 193

Whistle signals 91

Whistles, by whom carried, different tones, etc. 83

Wigwag 862

Will supreme, but one in battle 387

Windage 1384

Winged torpedoes 1201

Wire entanglements 1181; 1182; 1188

Wire fence, trenches 1183

WITHDRAWAL FROM ACTION: Action by commander 549 Covered by support 362 Generally effected at heavy cost 545 Part of line to be withdrawn first 548 Rear guard and distance to be placed between enemy and defeated troops 545 Reserve used to check pursuit 547 Retreating troops to be gotten under control as soon as possible 548 Selection of rendezvous point 549 Under fire 475 Use of artillery, machine guns and cavalry 546 Use of machine guns 557

With dummy (blank or ball) cartridges, load 185

"Without the numbers" 122 (Fifth)

Witness, appearance as 1531

Wood, camping 1252

Work, devolution of 869

Wounded not to be carried back by fighting troops 381

Wounds, first aid 1520


Yellow fever 1469


Zero of rifle 1392

Zone of effective fire 1415






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Edited by MAJOR A. L. CONGER, U. S. A., and PROFESSOR R. M. JOHNSTON, Harvard University. Advisory Board: General J. F. Morrison, U. S. A., Colonel J. W. McAndrew, U. S. A., Professors C. J. Bullock, A. Bushnell Hart, O. M. W. Sprague, and Justin H. Smith, Esq.

Original articles and notes on military history, the Conduct of War, Strategy, Tactics. Military economics by the best American and foreign authorities.


Edited by R. M. JOHNSTON

Synopsis of the views of Clausewitz with selected quotations from the best military theorists, systematically modernized.

The volume measures only 1-3/4 x 2-1/2 inches.

Field service binding. Price, postpaid $1.00.



TRANSCRIBER'S NOTE. =================== Irregularities within the original book have been preserved, notably: Part I has appendicies A, B and D. There is no Appendix C. Part I Chapter I contains plates II, III and VI. Plates I, IV and V are not present nor referenced. References to other paragraphs within the text mostly use the book paragraph number. However, there are some cases where the paragraph number relates to the source document paragraph number (in brackets at the end of the paragraph) these have been left as shown in the book. The link in the html version does, however, point to the intended paragraph. Spelling variants (e. g. reinforce vs reenforce) have been preserved. The 'pointing finger' picture has been transcribed as > in the text version. Brackets have been added as necessary to equations to aid clarity. For consistency, subheadings which originally appeared next to a paragraph number have been extracted out to the line above (i. e. they do not appear on the same line as the paragraph number in this transcription.) Affected paragraphs are: 817, 818, 826, 828-34, 836-47, 860, 862, 864-6, 1016-9, 1034-45, 1078, 1277, 1320, 1340-1, 1352-3, 1356, 1358-65, 1367-70, 1372, 1376, 1379-80, 1383.


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