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Lord Milner's Work in South Africa - From its Commencement in 1897 to the Peace of Vereeniging in 1902
by W. Basil Worsfold
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The, an incident in the settlement of the Dutch E. India Co. at, 2; isolation of at the end of the 18th century, 6; the task of governing, 6; the old European population in, 7; representatives of the British Government at, 7; the temporary British occupation of in 1795-1803, 8; population of at the time of the permanent British occupation, 10; Franco-Dutch population in, 11; the "Albany Settlers" in, 15; the emancipation of slaves in, 15; disintegrating influences at work in, 28; transfer to the British Government, 51; the sphere of action of the Afrikander Bond, 55; conflict of its commercial interests with those of the Transvaal, 64; speech of Cecil Rhodes on March 12th, 1898, 67; anti-British sentiment of the Dutch leaders in, 91; the political situation at the time of Lord Milner's arrival, 93; division of parties in, 97; aspirations of the Dutch in, 105; the leaders of Dutch opinion in, 106; public meetings in, 131; nationalists of, 142, 195; the vote for responsible government in, 147; creation of a British party in, 151; the garrison in, 191; demonstrations in of confidence in Lord Milner's statesmanship, 215; petition from to the Queen, 216; the British forces in, 243; the Boer aspiration to annex, 258, 259; organisation of the defences of, 269, 278; the British population of, 271; only in name a British colony, 273; alarming rumours from, 305; rebellion of the Dutch in, 341 to 372; proclamation of martial law, 345, 411; Lord Milner's despatch dealing with the rebellion, 346; disclosure of a new centre of rebellion, 354, 355; the second invasion of, 383, 430; racial relations in, 383; clearing it of the republican invaders, 384; the situation in November, 1900, 398; De Wet enters, 430; is chased out, 432; the area to be protected, 445; response of the British population to arms, 446; numbers of Boers in the field in, 454; screened off by blockhouses, 458; the course of events in, 473; collapse of the system of responsible government in, 478 to 480; the Government stipulates for certain conditions as to the procedure of military courts, 481; number of troops placed by the Government of in the field, 485, 486; treatment of rebels in, 563, 567. Cape Argus, The, 243 (note). Cape Boys, The, the ill-treatment of, 89 (note). Cape Civil Service, The, disaffection of, 272. Cape Distriks-bestuur, The, 349. Cape electoral system, The, 115, 116. Cape garrison, The, 191, 204, 278. Cape local forces, The, 281 (note). Cape Ministry, The (see also Schreiner Cabinet and Sprigg), its views as to its duties and powers in case of a war, 164; and the Bond, 193; attitude of, 198; "moral support of," 217; its views upon the settlement of the new colonies, 546. Cape nationalists, The, 167, 268. Cape Parliament, The, Afrikander Bond influence in, 60, 70, 393; Progressive majority in, 393; prorogation of, 478, 482. Cape Parliamentary Reports, 395. Cape Times, The, 48 (note), 220, 379 (note); report of J. X. Merriman's speech in, 62; its reported interview with Cecil Rhodes, 114; its views on the Redistribution Bill, 117. Capetown, mass meeting at, 204, 250; alleged plot to seize, 350. Carisbrook Castle, The S.S., 132 (note). Carnarvon, 354. Carnarvon, Lord, his scheme of federal union, 27. "Carnival of Mendacity," The, 477. Cartwright, Albert, 380, 381, 477. Cecil Rhodes, Vindex's, 68 (note). Century of Wrong, A, Mr. Reitz's, 356. Cetewayo, destruction of a British regiment by one of his impis 17; his organisation of the Zulus, 25. Chaka, 25. Chamberlain, Rt. Hon. Joseph, 40, 41, 45, 72; his inquiry of Lord Rosmead as to the Jameson raid, 42; his active sympathy with the Uitlanders, 47; his policy, 72, 73, 125; his choice of Lord Milner as High Commissioner, 75, 77; his despatch of March 6th 1897, 81; accusation against, 82; asserts Great Britain's suzerainty over the Transvaal, 126 (note); his intimation to the Pretoria Executive as to the dynamite contract, 130; accepts the suggestion of a conference at Bloemfontein, and decides to postpone the publication of Lord Milner's despatch on the Uitlanders, 140; a question put by him to Mr. Philip Schreiner, 146; authorises Lord Milner to attend the Bloemfontein Conference, 155; his despatch of May 10th, 1899, 155, 194; agrees with the line proposed to be taken by Lord Milner at the Bloemfontein Conference, 157; his alleged determination to force a war on the Transvaal, 184; his declaration in the House of Commons on the failure of the Bloemfontein Conference, 188; his desire to avoid war, 196; the support given by him to Lord Milner, 200; his speech of June 26th, 1899, at Birmingham, 202, 204; urges delay in passing the limited Franchise Bill, 210; believes the crisis to be at an end, 221; prepared to accept Krueger's illusory Franchise Law, 222; statement by him in the House of Commons on the new franchise law, 227; proposes to the Transvaal a joint commission, 229; his action after the repudiation by the Pretoria Executive of the arrangement made between Mr. Smuts and Sir Wm. Greene, 238, 239; he repudiates the claim made by the S. African Republic to be a sovereign international state, 240; his despatch of September 8th, 1899, 240, 241; his speech at Highbury on August 27th, 249; his proposal to Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman as to preparations for war, 265, 266; repudiates the charges of bad faith brought against Sir Wm. Greene, 290; his anxiety for a peaceful settlement, 293; his statement at Birmingham, on May 11th, 1900, as to the number of the forces in S. Africa, 325; his statement at Birmingham of the nature of the settlement the Government had determined on, 367; sends a despatch to Lord Milner on the subjects of compensation of loyalists and punishment of rebels, 384; his reply to the views of the Schreiner Cabinet on the questions, 386; his views upon the disfranchisement of the rebels, 389; replies to the arguments of the Schreiner Ministry in favour of a general amnesty, 395; his speech containing the chief points in the proposed proclamation to the fighting burghers, 420; abandons the proposal, 421; sanctions the issue of Governor's warrants at the Cape, 479; refuses an appeal for the suspension of the Cape constitution, 479; assents to Lord Milner's application for leave, 488; importance attached by him to the views of the Cape and Natal Governments on the question of the settlement of the new colonies, 489, 490; receives Lord Milner, 490, 491; report presented to him by the Land Settlement Commission, 516; agrees to a tax on the mining industry, 542; his reply to Lord Milner's telegram on the financial position, 543; concurs in Lord Milner's proposals for land settlement, 544; approves Lord Milner's suggestion as to the enlargement of the Legislative Councils, 545; declines to re-open the discussion after the signature of the Vereeniging surrender, 562. Channing, M.P., Mr., 489 (note). Chartered Company, The, 36, 66, 83. Churchill, Winston, Mr., his statement on the use of the word "natives" in the "Terms of Surrender," 568 (note). Civil Administration, the establishment of, in the new colonies, 397, 519; its progress, 489, 524. Claremont, speech of Sir J. Rose Innes at, 361, 362. Cloete, Judge, his opinion of Lord Glenelg's reversal of Sir B. D'Urban's frontier policy, 14. "Closer Union," the policy of, 49, 70. "Coercive measures," Boer, 425. Colenso, 306, 321; a result of the defeat at, 8; the Free State Boers moving on, 305. Colesberg, 346, 348. Colonial Conference, The, of 1897, 95. Colonial Office, The, the administration of, 23; a leakage from, 153. Colonial questions, the study of, 24; necessity of, 254. Colonial rebels, The, penalties to be inflicted on, 563, 567; surrenders of, 573 (note). Colonies, The, offers of military aid from, 251, 324. Commando Nek, 455. Commissie Van Toezicht, The, 349. Committee of Inquiry into the Raid, The, the report of, 97. Concentration Camps. See Burgher Camps. Concessions Commission, The, 376, 377 (note). "Conciliation," movement, The, 343, 359, 361, 373 to 412; Lord Milner's record of the origin of the movement, 373; injurious influence of the movement on the Colony, 381; the Englishmen who took part in, 383; the initiation of, 375, 415. Conciliation Committee, The, in England, 415. Conservative Governments, 255. Conventions, The, Sir George Grey on, 19; Lord Milner on, 86, 87 (note), 358, 360. Cornhill Magazine, The, 263 (note). Coronation of King Edward VII., J. E. C. Bodley's, 76 (note). Courtney, Leonard (now Lord), his public utterances on the war, 232, 251, 257 to 259, 360, 363, 496, 497; advocates the autonomy of the Republics, 370, 415; letter to him from President Krueger, 372. Cronje, surrenders at Paardeberg, 328. Cronwright-Schreiner, Mrs., 146. Crown Colony Government, formal initiation of, 490, 501, 544. Customs Union, The, 36.

Daily Chronicle, The, a statement in as to the crisis in S. Africa, 154. Dalmanutha, defeat of Louis Botha at, 329, 414. Davies, "Karri," Major W. D., 88. De Aar, 305, 354, 455. De Jong, Mr., 402 (note), 477. De Kock, Meyer, shot, 427. Delagoa Bay, The proposed railway line to, 29; its purchase recommended by Sir Bartle Frere, 29; appearance of a British squadron at, 82; consignment of ammunition to, 236; railway communication with Pretoria re-opened, 329. De la Rey, J. H., 434, 552, 556, 562 (note), 564; Lord Kitchener's appreciation of his tact, 573 (note). De Patriot, 48, 50 (note), 56, 57, 63. De Rand Post, 213. Derby, Lord, publication of his telegram of Feb. 27th, 1884, 262. De Transvaalse Oorlog, 54, 57 (note), 58. De Villiers, A. B., 382, 404, 406. De Villiers, Melius, 160, 232; advocates a cessation of hostilities, 401. De Villiers, Sir Henry, 28, 95 (note), 102; his letter of May 21st, 1899, to Pres. Steyn, 159; his visit to Pretoria in 1899, 159, 160; his complaint of the obscurity of the new franchise law, 218, 219; his letter to Mr. Fischer urging Pres. Krueger's acceptance of the joint inquiry, 232, 311; his appeal to Pres. Steyn not to declare war, 292. "Development Loan," The, 540. Devonshire, The Duke of, comment on Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman's attitude in Committee of Supply, 371 (note). De Wet, Christian, 420, 434, 562 (note), 564, 575; his blow at Sannah's Post, 363; his responsibility for the sufferings of the Boers during the guerilla war, 427, 428; his laager near Lindley, 427; enters Cape Colony, 430, 577; chased out of it, 432; his Three Years' War, 433 (note); the pursuit of, 471; his report to L. Botha on the rising in the Cape, 475; meets Lords Milner and Kitchener at Pretoria, 552, 556; signs the Vereeniging Agreement, 567 (note); advocates a continuance of the war, 571, 578; Lord Kitchener's appreciation of his tact, 573 (note). De Wet, Piet, protests against the treatment of the agents of the Peace Committee, 427; desires the Afrikander leaders to associate themselves with the Burgher Peace Committee, 474. De Wet, Sir Jacobus, 82. Diamond Hill, defeat of the Boers at, 329. Diamond Jubilee, The, celebration of on the Rand, 86, 90. Diamond Mines, The, earnings of, 23; Mr. Merriman's association with, 149. Diamonds, The discovery of, 23. Disarmament, The operation of, 413 to 469; views of the Natal Ministry on, 549. Dodd, Mr., arrest of, 131. Doornkop, The surrender of Dr. Jameson's troopers at, 68 (note). Dordrecht affair, The, 496 (note). Downing Street, The impossibility of governing S. Africa from, 1, 22, 34, 35; Mr. Chamberlain and, 47. Doyle, Sir A. Conan, his War in South Africa, 469 (note). Duncan, Mr., 515, 527. Du Plessis, H. A., his protest against the treatment of the Boers who were in favour of peace, 428. Durban, 271. D'Urban, Sir Benjamin, the reversal of his frontier policy, 12 to 15. Durham, Lord, his report on Canada, 480. Dutch, The, their first conflict with the natives of S. Africa, 3. Dutch, The Cape, rebellion of, 341 to 372; the aggravation and use of their disaffection, 373; disarmament of, 413 to 469; their sympathy with the Boer raiders, 432, 433; their restlessness and embitterment, 443; their general attitude, 444. Dutch East India Company, The, an incident in their settlement at the Cape, 2; a century and a half of their government, 5; the corner stone of their policy, 5; their instructions to Van Riebeck, 5, 9. Dutch language, The, the use of, 565, 581. Dutch party, The, interests of, 273. Dutch Press, The, the nationalist propaganda of, 69, 106, 107, 119. Dutch Reformed Church, The, 120, 215, 410, 411, 428. Dutch Republic, A, The establishment of, 255, 356, 357. Dutch South African, The, the original stock from which they are descended, 5; their essential unity, 24; Lord Milner's anxiety to see their best side, 90; anti-British sentiment of, 91, 104; their moral conquest of Cape Colony, 107. Dutch, The republican, 17, 19, 28, 36; conditions under which they were incorporated into the system of British S. Africa, 545. Dutch vote, The, 150. Du Toit, Rev. S. J., 50 (note), 54; his articles in De Patriot, 56; rejected by the Bond, 58; reference to him in J. N. Blignaut's letter, 258. Duxbury, Mr., 212 (note). Dynamite Contract, The, 130.

Ebden, Mr. Alfred, 173. Edgar, Tom Jackson, 130, 131 (note), 132, 175. Educational reconstruction, The work of, 519 to 523. Eerste Fabriken, 456. Eighty Club, The, an address to by Mr. Morley, 371 (note). Eliot, Mr., 306. Ellis, M.P., John, 498 (note). Emigrant Farmers, The, 15 to 17. England, The military unpreparedness of, 185; ignorance of the situation in S. Africa, 251, 253, 283, 316, 323, 331; hatred of, 312. England in Egypt, 76. English language, The, war against, 58. English State Church, The, Afrikander view of, 53. "Equal rights for all white men," The policy of, 1, 32. Esau, brutal murder of, 427 (note).

Farelly, Mr., 126 (note), 214. Farmer, Canon, 259. "Farmers' Protection Association, The," 59, 60. Farrer, Lord, 498 (note). Faure, Pieter (now Sir), 93, 105. Fiddes, G. V., 167, 515; his report on the work of the departments of education, public works, and district administration, 526. Fischer, Abraham, 126 (note), 161, 203, 204, 210, 239 (note); acts as interpreter at the Bloemfontein Conference, 168; his advice to Krueger, 217; in constant communication with Mr. Schreiner, 217 (note); dissociates himself from the "mediation" policy of the Cape nationalists, 234; works at the completion of the military preparations of the Republics, 234; revises the Boer reply to the British despatch of Sept. 8th, 1899, 242; recasts the ultimatum, 291; attempt to influence him to terminate the war, 495. Fischer-Hofmeyr Mission, The, 203 to 210, 236, 275, 555. Fish River, The, grants of land beyond, 13. FitzPatrick, Sir Percy, 264, 273. Five Lectures on the Emigration of the Dutch Farmers, 16 (note). Forestier-Walker, Lieut.-General, appointed to the Cape command, 184, 247, 269; military measures of, 288. Fouche, 432. Fowler, Sir Henry, 416. Franchise for the Uitlanders, The five years', 37, 156, 157, 170, 172, 238; conditions attached to the proposed new franchise, 238. Franchise Law, The, 209 et seq.; the Volksraad discussion on, 213; demonstrations upon, 215; Krueger recommends a further modification of, 217; the new law passed, 218; obscurity of its provisions, 218 to 220; flagrant insincerity of, 234; Mr. Smuts offers a simplified seven years', subsequently a five years' franchise in lieu of the proposed joint inquiry, 237, 238; conditions attached to the proposed new franchise, 238; the Home Government kept inactive by, 288. France, The attitude of, 311. Franco-Dutch population at the Cape, The, 11; secession of part of, 17. Fraser, Edmund, difficult position of, 175. Fraser, J. G., his opposition to the policy of "closer union," 49; beaten for the Presidential election, 70. Free State Dutch, The, 18. Frederickstad, 455. French, General, his advance on Colesberg, 348; libel on, 477; surrenders of rebels to, 573 (note). French, Mr., 306. Frere, (the late) Sir Bartle, 24, 25, 261; his diagnosis of the S. African situation, 26; his difference with the Beaconsfield Cabinet, 26; his recall, 27; the vindication of his statesmanship, 27; his knowledge of S. African conditions, 28; drafts a scheme of administrative reform, 28; his private memo, written from the Cape in 1879, 29; events following his recall, 34, 255; letter from to Sir Gordon Sprigg, 263. Frere, Sir Bartle, and Mr. John Morley, 261. Friend, The (Bloemfontein), 235. Froneman, Commandant, 428.

Gatacre, General, defeat at Stormberg, 321, 348. German Emperor, The, telegram of, 71. German General Staff, The, reply to its criticism, 334. German Government, The, action of, 37, 232; attitude of, 311. German Marines at Delagoa Bay, 39 (note). Germiston, Lord Milner's speech at, 491 (note). Gill, Sir David, his words, 286. Girouard, Sir Percy, 502, 532. Gladstone, Rev. Stephen, 498. Gladstone, W. E., S. African policy of, 26, 31. Glencoe, British force despatched to, 291. Glenelg, Lord (see also Grant), Cloete's opinion of his despatch reversing Sir B. D'Urban's frontier policy, 14. Gold Industry, The, Commissions on, 529; resumption of, 536. Goodenough, General, his schemes for the defence of the British colonies, 180. Goold-Adams, Major Sir H., 470, 488, 515, 524, 526. Government House, watched by spies, 273. Governor's warrants, 478. Graaf Reinet, first congress of the Afrikander Bond at, 59; Lord Milner's speech at, 84, 91, 92, 98, 99, 107, 115, 367; opening of the railway at, 108; the people's congress at, 379, 381. Grahamstown, 61. Graham, T. Lynedoch, 116 (note). Grant, Charles (aft. Lord Glenelg), his reversal of Sir Benjamin D'Urban's frontier policy, 12 et seq. Greene, Sir Wm. Conyngham, 82, 127, 131 (note), 198, 210, 226 (note), 237, 238, 241, 242, 252, 290, 295, 299, 310. Gregorowski, Chief Justice, 103, 259. Grey, Sir Edward, 416. Grey, Sir George, neglect of his advice by the Home Government 18; his exposure of the Sand River and Bloemfontein Conventions, 19; his despatch to Sir E. B. Lytton, 19; is charged with "direct disobedience," 20, 22; recalled and reinstated, 20; attitude of the Home Government towards, 21. Griqualand West, the discovery of diamonds in, 23; an invitation to the Boers to invade, 260. Groebler, Mr., 204, 205. Guerilla warfare, commencement of, 398; Pres. Steyn's responsibility for, 414, 415; methods and conditions of, 417; responsibility for sufferings of the Boers during, 426, 427; increased losses, to the country due to, 437; methods by which it was brought to a close, 450, 575.

Haldane, Mr., 416. Handelsblad, The Amsterdam, an article in, 50. Harcourt, Sir William, 75, 76, 502; his appreciation of Lord Milner, 77, 78; his misstatement on the Suzerainty question, 262; his manifestation of hostility to the loyalist population of South Africa, 464 (note); his financial miscalculations, 502. Hargrove, E. T., 375 to 380, 415, 496 (note). Harrison, Frederic, 498 (note). "Harry" the Hottentot chief, 3. Heany, Captain, 40, 42, 43. Heidelberg, 456. Hely-Hutchinson, Sir Walter, 470; prorogues the Cape Parliament, 478, 479 (note). Herholdt, A. J., 150, 204; joins the Schreiner Cabinet, 124, 142; his mission, 205 (note), 207; his views as to the treatment of the rebels, 390, 393. Het Oosten, 477. Het Volk, 55 (note). Hertzog, General, 564, 572; appointed a peace commissioner, 556, 558; crosses the Orange River, 430. High Commissioner for S. Africa, The, decreasing power of, 36; severance of the office from the governorship of the Cape, 419, 470. "High Court Crisis," The, 102, 103. History of the War in South Africa, The Official, vol. i. 309 (note) et seq. History of the War in South Africa, The Times', 217 (note), 300 (note), 309 (note), 340 (note), 351 (note). Hobhouse, Lord, 498 (note). Hobhouse, Miss, 462 (note). "Hofmeyr Compromise, The," 277. Hofmeyr, J. H., 55; the influence of, 60; adoption of his programme by the Bond, 64; his alliance with Rhodes, 65; dictates Lord Rosmead's policy, 70; his attitude towards the offer of a contribution to the cost of the British Navy, 95; the real leader of the Bond party, 97, 116, 117; his action to prevent the publication of Lord Milner's despatch on the petition of the Uitlanders, 140; asks Lord Milner to meet Krueger in conference, 140, 153; his methods for paralysing British administration, 140, 141; his motives, 147; approaches Lord Milner as to meeting Pres. Krueger at Bloemfontein, 154, 156; his anxiety to prevent decisive action of the Imperial Government, 158; his absence from the Bloemfontein Conference, 167; the pressure of his "mediation," 196; in close communication with Abraham Fischer, 203; confers with Messrs. Fischer and Smuts at Bloemfontein, 205; goes to Pretoria, 207; the failure of his mission, 209; his relations with the republican nationalists, 216, 217; urges the acceptance of the proposed joint inquiry, 232, 311; his view of Mr. Schreiner's position as Premier of the Cape, 235; his opinion of the result of war, 275; his telegram of Sept. 14th to Pres. Steyn, 275; his displeasure at the Schreiner Cabinet, 346, 361; at a meeting of the Cape Distriks-bestuur, 349. Hottentots, The, 2 to 5, 9, 10. House of Commons, The, debate in on the S. African settlement, 393. Hunter, General, Sir A., Prinsloo surrenders to, 329.

"Imperial factor, The," 40; the elimination of, 34, 85. Imperial Light Horse, The, 179, 447. Imperial military authorities, The, charges brought against, 459. Imperial military railways, The, 502, 505. Imperial spirit, The, 21, 24. Imperial troops, The, calumnies on, 398, 499; insufficiency of, 452, 453; the task of, 435, 452, 487. Impossible position, An, 128. Impressions of South Africa, By J. Bryce, extract from, 579 (note). Indemnity and Special Tribunals Act, The, 396. "Independence," the Boer claim to, 578. India, The feudatory princes of, 311. Indian Army, The, troops from for S. Africa, 243, 310. Indian military authorities, The, promptitude displayed by, 289. Industrial Commission, The, anticipation of good results from, 105; impartiality of, 89; treatment of its Report, 99 to 101. Industrial corporations, growth of, 36. Innes, Sir James, 118 (note), 125, 271, 361, 362; becomes Attorney-General, 390; notice issued by him as to treason, 480, 481. Intelligence Department, The, the work of, 177, 180, 190, 217 (note), 233, 234 (notes), 257, 277 (note), 292 (note), 319 (note), 425. Inter-State Conference, An, proposal of, 153. Irish Nationalist party, The, 465. Irrigation, report of Sir W. Willcocks on, 516, 529. Isandlhwana, the military disaster of, 17, 26.

Jameson, Dr., 38 et seq.; his disregard of the Reformers' message and of Rhodes's telegram, 43. Jameson Raid, The, 33, 37, 41; its effect on the Rhodes-Hofmeyr alliance, 68; object of, 38 to 44; Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry into, 82; political forces set in motion by, 93; results of, 69, 71. Janssen, David, the murder of, 2, 3. Johannesburg, 439; Lord Milner's farewell speech at, 129, 145; the second Reform movement at, 132; enthusiastic meeting at, 198, 199, 215; march of Lord Roberts on, 214; exodus from, 246; situation in, 248; occupation of, 329; Lord Roberts's decision to advance on, 352; arrangements for the civil administration of, 397; effective occupation of the district round, 453; British population allowed to return to, 459; Lord Milner's reception at, 472; establishment of a Town Council for, 489; abolition of the office of Military Governor, 489; the public buildings at, 526; organisation of municipal police in, 529. Johannesburg insurrection, The, 41. Johannesburg mines, The, project of wrecking, 214. Johannesburg Reformers, The, 88 (note). Johannesburg Star, The, 145 (note), 245; extract from, 491 (note). Johannesburgers, The, splendid fighting of, 447. John Bull & Co., Max O'Rell's, 43 (note). Joint Inquiry, The, proposed, 229, 231; refused by the Volksraad, 237. Joubert, General, 101, 235, 320, 344. Jubilee despatch, Lord Milner's, 90 to 92, 99, 104, 107.

Kafir, invasion of 1834-5, The, 15. Kafirs, British policy towards, 12 et seq. Kafir wars, The, 17. Karree Siding, 363. Kei River, The, the Kafir's line of, 13. Kekewich, Colonel, calls for arms, 304. Kitchener, Lord, 303; appointed Chief of the Staff to Lord Roberts, 321; his losses before Paardeberg, 332; instructed to proceed to De Aar, 354; reduces to order the north-midland districts of the Cape, 362; defamatory libel on, 381; agrees with Lord Milner's views as to the proposed proclamation to the burghers, 420, 421; his address to the Burgher Peace Committee, 422; failure of his peace negotiations with L. Botha, 434; his accession to the command, 452; the troops at his disposal, 453; origin of his system of blockhouse defence, 455; his expectations of the blockhouse lines, 456; reports the creation of mobile columns, 456; his reply to the official Boer complaint against the system of Burgher Camps, 463 (note); discusses with Lord Milner the nature of the reply to Botha's overtures for peace, 471; instructions to his officers as to procedure in military courts, 481; permits the mines to re-open, 489; differs from Lord Milner's views of the terms of the surrender, 551, 560; directed to put forward a copy of the correspondence between the British and Netherlands Governments to the Boer leaders, 552; assures the Boer leaders that no terms will be granted maintaining the independence of the Republics, 553; is authorised to refer the leaders to the offer made to General Botha at Middelburg, 554; refuses the terms of the Boer peace commissioners, 557; announces "peace" to Lord Milner, 572; records his appreciation of the energy and tact displayed after the signing of the peace treaty by Generals Louis Botha, De la Rey, and C. De Wet, 573; his last words addressed to the Colonial Governments and the Secretary of State for War, 573 (note); the efficiency of his blockhouse system, 576. Kimberley, 259, 271, 286 (note), 455; the diamond industry at, 23; plans for the defence of, 178, 278, 279; Lancashire Regiment sent to, 288; is cut off, 304, 305; relief of, 328; effective occupation of the district of, 453. Kimberley, The Earl of, 27. Kimberley Volunteers, The, 280, 282 (note). Kipling, Rudyard, on the attitude of the Bond 430, 434. Klerksdorp, 458; conference at, 552. Kock, Judge, warlike speech of at Paardekraal, 197. Komati Poort, the occupation of, 322, 329. Kotze, Chief Justice, the dismissal of, 102, 103; indignation caused by, 116. Krause, Dr., 214. Kretschmar, J. Van, 377, 533 (note). Krogh, General, 564. Kroonstad entered, 329. Krueger, Paul, 84 to 86; his letter to Mr. (now Lord) Courtney on Sir Bartle Frere's recall, 27; his allusion to Germany at the German Club at Pretoria, 38; supplies arms to adherents of the nationalist cause, 71; invited to visit England, 72; calls for the appointment of the Industrial Commission, 89, 99; uncompromising attitude of, 89; denounces Schalk Burger, 100; elected President of the South African Republic for the fourth time, 101; dismisses Chief Justice Kotze, 102, 103; his determination to increase the disabilities of the Uitlanders, 103; signs a treaty of alliance with the Orange Free State, 104; his attitude in 1898, 114; subsidises the Bond, 118; claims independence for the South African Republic, 126 (note); consents to meet Lord Milner at Bloemfontein, 153; his retrogressive policy, 160; meets Lord Milner, 168; his appearance at the Conference, 171; his motive in attending it, 172; the possibility of his declaring war, 183; expresses his intention of introducing his franchise scheme to the Volksraad, 193; the scheme laid before the Volksraad, 194, 197; his incapacity to yield, 194; complexity of his franchise proposals, 196; his bid for the "moral support," of the Cape Ministry, 209; grants a limited franchise, 209; his object in doing so, 210, 211; wishes to retain the "moral support" of the Cape Ministry, 217; recommends to the Volksraad a further modification of the Franchise Bill, 217; inadequacy of his franchise law, 218; hastens arrangements for war, 231; his secret agents 233 (note); urged by Afrikander Members of Cape Parliament to accept the offered joint inquiry, 233; opposition to it, 234; strength of his military position, 244; his note refusing to consider the British offer of September 8th handed to Sir Wm. Greene, 252; his boast, 259; the illusory concessions embodied in his franchise law, 268; spies in his pay, 273; his coarse duplicity, 277; winning all along the line, 288; flees the Transvaal, 329; his "peace overtures," 355; his letter to Mr. Courtney, 372; his telegram to Pres. Steyn shortly before the Bond Congress at Somerset East was postponed, 375, 377; attempt to influence him to terminate the war, 495. Krueger, Tjaart, 212 (note), 213. Kruegersdorp, arrival of Dr. Jameson at, 44. Kruitzinger, crosses the Orange River, 430, 432.

Labouchere, Henry, 232, 233, 237, 256, 498. Ladies' Commission, The, 511. Ladysmith, British force entrained at, 291; Sir G. White shut up in, 320, 344; spies in the camp of the relieving force, 337. Lagden, Sir Godfrey, 515, 528. Laing's Nek, evacuated by the Boers, 329. Lancashire Regiment, The, sent to garrison Kimberley, 288. Land settlement, proposed loan for, 540, 543, 544. Land Settlement Commission, The, 516, 529. Langlaate Estate, The, 149. Lanyon, Sir Owen, 263. Lawson, Sir Wilfred, 498 (note). Leader, The Transvaal, 213 (note), 245. Legal Adviser's office, The, work of, 527. Legislative Councils of the new colonies, The, enlargement of, 544. Leon, M., 288. Leonard, J. W., 61, 93. Lewis, Mrs., 144. Leyds, Dr., 50 (note), 232, 375; communication opened with European Powers through, 103, 104; despatched to Europe as Envoy Extraordinary of the South African Republic, 125. Liberal Opposition leaders, The, attitude and public utterances of, 143, 167, 192, 203, 252, 257, 259, 261, 264 to 266, 314, 367, 368, 371 (note), 399, 414, 424, 430, 431, 460, 496, 502; their desire to escape from responsibility, 254; renewal of their alliance with the Afrikander nationalists, 369, 496; representations of the delegates of the Worcester Congress to, 496. Liberal Party, The, mandate to, 25; friends of the Boers in the ranks of, 382, 417, 573. See also Bryce, Burns, Campbell-Bannerman, Courtney, Labouchere, Lloyd-George, Morley, etc. Life of Gordon, The, 497 (note). Lifetime in South Africa, A, 16 (note). Limpopo River, The, 36. Lindley, De Wet's laager at, 427. Lloyd-George, Mr., 315, 496, 498. Loch, Lord, 36, 37; retirement of, 74. Lombard, Mr., 213. London Convention (1884), The, 31, 87 (note), 262; a violation of, 81; Article IV. in, 580. Lord Milner and South Africa, 166 (note). Loreburn, Lord, his attitude during the war, 496. Lorenzo Marques, Transvaal ammunition despatched from, 237. Loyalists, The compensation of, 384. Lucas, General, 564. Lytton, Sir E. B., 20, 21 (notes).

McCallum, Sir Henry E., 470. Mafeking, 259; the role played by, 179 (note); capture of an armoured train outside, 304; relief of, 329. Mafeking Volunteers, The, 282 (note). Magaliesberg, The, 455. Magersfontein, 321; a result of the defeat at, 8. Majuba Hill, the British defeat at, 43, 186, 255; evacuated by the Boers, 329. Malan, Commandant, 432. Malan, Mr., 349, 410, 477. Manchester, meeting at, 251, 257. Maritzburg, 271, 321; public meeting at, 249, 250. Martial law, declaration of in additional districts, 411, 478, 482; its administration, 484, 485. Martial Law Board, The, 484, 485. Massingham, Mr., 154 (note). Merits of the Transvaal Dispute, The, Captain Mahan's, 579 (note). Merriman, J. X. 61, 69, 93, 97; report of his Grahamstown speech in the Cape Times, 62; his letter of March 11th, 1898, to President Steyn, 114; joins the Schreiner Cabinet, 124, 142; his motives in associating himself with the objects of the Bond, 143, 144, 148; his association with the Diamond Mines at Kimberley, 149; his partisanship, 149; his desire to induce President Krueger to grant a "colourable measure of reform," 151, 152; sounds Lord Milner as to the possibility of an inter-state Conference, 152; his appeal to Mr. Fischer, 161; his breach with Mr. Schreiner, 361; his offer to range himself on the side of the Republics, 376 to 378; repudiation of Pres. Krueger's statement as to his intimacy with Mr. Hargrove, 380; his views as to the treatment of the rebels, 391; his denunciation of the policy of the Home Government, 391, 474; purpose of his visit to England, 495; banquet in his honour, 496; his frankness as to his mission, 497; his attack on Lord Milner, 497; attends the meeting at the Queen's Hall, 498. Methuen, Lord, his engagements, 305; forces at his disposal, 321. Meyer, J. L., his views on the war, 574. Middelburg, 458. Middelburg Terms, The, 471, 554, 557 (note), 558, 559, 561, 562, 568 (note). Military criticisms on the war, 330 et seq. "Military Notes," estimate in of Boer forces, 181 (note). Military preparations, delay in making, 242, 243, 246, 250, 279, 288, 290, 309 to 311, 316. Military railways, The, 502, 532. Milner, Viscount, pre-eminence of his administration in South Africa, 32; the state of affairs he was called on to deal with, 33; the political situation on his arrival in South Africa, 69; the choice of him as High Commissioner, 75; his official career, 75; his assistance to Sir William Harcourt, 75, 76; banquet to him, 77; extract from his speech at the banquet, 78; affection of those associated with him, 78, 79; his resolution, 79, 219; bitterness of Afrikanders and Boers against, 80; his profound knowledge of the needs of South Africa, 80; efforts of the Liberal party to revoke the final arrangements of his administration, 81; his arrival in South Africa, 81; the policy of, 82; travels through Cape Colony, etc., 83; his speech at Graaf Reinet, 84, 91, 92, 98, 99, 107, 115; his official duties, 84; his position in regard to the Transvaal Government, 84, 85; his anxiety to arrange matters by a friendly discussion with President Krueger, 85, 86, 88; confidence shown him by the British population, 86 (note); his policy with regard to the Conventions, 87; his anxiety to see the best side of the Dutch in the Cape, 90 to 92; travels round Cape Colony, 104; conciliatory utterances of, 105; his reply to the address from the Graaf Reinet branch of the Afrikander Bond, 109 to 113; the position taken up by him towards the Cape Dutch, 114; his impartiality, 122; visits England, 127; his grasp of the situation, 127; urges the British Government to put an end to an impossible position, 128; his farewell speech at Johannesburg, 128, 145; endorses the petition of the Uitlanders, 131; his intention to make public in England his despatch on the position of the Uitlanders, 139; asked to meet Pres. Krueger in conference, 140; warns Mr. Schreiner of the gravity of the situation, 140; postponement of the publication of his despatch, 140; difficulty of his position, 142; sounded by Mr. Schreiner and Mr. Merriman as to the possibility of an inter-state Conference, 152; his despatch of May 4th, 1899, telegraphed, 153; approached by Mr. Hofmeyr as to meeting Pres. Krueger at Bloemfontein, 154; issue of his despatch of May 4th, 1899, 156, 169, 194; consults Mr. Chamberlain as to the "line" he should take at the Conference, 156, 157; his view of Pres. Krueger's acceptance of a conference, 159; meets Pres. Krueger at Bloemfontein, 167; his staff, 167; his reception at Bloemfontein, 168 (note); his embarrassing position, 169, 192; the compromise offered by him, 170; his "inflexibility," 170; his motive in attending the Conference, 171; address presented to him on his return from it to Capetown, 172, 173; essence of his reply to the address, 173; origin of his disagreement with General Butler, 175, 176; his desire for preparations for war, 178, 183, 186, 269, 309, 331; his only point of agreement with General Butler, 185; his reiterated warnings, 189; inadequate reinforcements sent in response to his appeal, 191, 192; acquiesces in the negotiations after Bloemfontein, 195; his relations with the Schreiner Cabinet, 198 to 201; support given him by Mr. Chamberlain, 200, 201; his interviews with Mr. Schreiner, 200, 201; assists the Fischer-Hofmeyr Mission, 207, 208; urges delay in passing the Franchise Bill through the Volksraad, 210; demonstrations of confidence in his statesmanship, 215; his influence with the Afrikander leaders, 216; his opinion of the new franchise law, 219, 220; points out to Mr. Chamberlain defects in the law, 221; prevents surrender of Home Government, 222 et seq.; his resolute advocacy of the Uitlanders' cause, 224; bitter attack on him in Punch, 225; his despatch protesting against the readiness of the Government to accept the new franchise law, 225 to 229; further deflection of his policy, 231; conveys to the Pretoria Executive the offer of a joint inquiry, 231; withdraws the limit placed by Sir Wm. Greene upon the time of the reply from the Boer Government to the British Government's despatch of September 8th, 1899, 241; the compromise proposed by him at Bloemfontein, 244; his anxiety, 247; asks for another military adviser, 247; his despatch explaining his position at the Bloemfontein Conference, 247; appeals for prompt action, 248; Mr. (now Lord) Courtney's attack on Lord Milner, 252, 257, 258; warns the English people of the advocacy of a Dutch Republic in South Africa, 255; makes known to the Government the state of affairs, 267; his colonial ministers, 270; support given him by the British population in South Africa, 270; atmosphere of intrigue by which he was surrounded, 271; abuse of him by the South African News, 272, 380, 381; passage of war material to the Orange Free State brought to his notice accidentally, 273; his personal charm, 277; his efforts to persuade Mr. Schreiner of the necessity of providing for the defence of Kimberley, 278, 279; his advice to the Cape and Home Governments, 282, 283; his limited powers, 283; a passage in his speech in the House of Lords on February 26th, 1906, 283; defensive measures devised by him, 288; his use of the time elapsing between the recall of General Butler and the ultimatum 289; instructed to repudiate the claim of the South African Republic to be a sovereign international state, 290; his anxiety to attain a peaceful settlement, 293; receives the ultimatum, 295; warns the British authorities in Natal, Rhodesia, and Basutoland, 298; the call upon his constructive statesmanship, 303; consults Mr. Schreiner upon the feasibility of carrying out Sir Redvers Buller's suggestion to form local defences out of Dutch farmers, 320; his relationship with the military authorities, 341; alliance against him, 343, 344; scant help afforded him by Mr. Schreiner, 345; his despatch telling the story of the rebellion in the Cape, 346; addresses a memorandum to Lord Roberts on the rebellion in Cape Colony, 351, 352; his view as to the defence of the Cape, 353; visits the north-midland districts of the Cape, 362; arrives at Bloemfontein, 363; receives an appreciative address at Capetown, 363; his reply to the address, 364; his record of the origin of the "conciliation" movement, 373; his representation to Mr. Schreiner as to the proposed Bond congress at Somerset East, 374; his despatch covering the newspaper report of the People's Congress at Graaf Reinet, 381; his view of racial relations in Cape Colony, 383; receives a despatch from Mr. Chamberlain on the questions of the compensation of loyalists and the punishment of rebels, 384; inquires as to the Home Government's views upon the disfranchisement of the rebels, 389; bitter invectives against him of members of the Schreiner Cabinet, 391; wins over Mr. Schreiner to the side of the Empire-State, 393; indicates to Mr. Chamberlain the nature of the Treason Bill, 394; pays a brief visit to the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, 396; makes arrangements for the civil administration of Pretoria and Johannesburg, 397; his journey to Bloemfontein, 397; inaugurates the South African Constabulary, 397; receives the commissions under which he is appointed to administer the new colonies, 398, 419, 470, 501; receives a deputation from the Worcester Congress, 404; his reply, 406; his final departure from the Cape to the Transvaal, 419; his objection to issuing a proclamation to the fighting burghers at the close of 1900, 420; approves of Lord Kitchener's proposals, 421; his account to Mr. Chamberlain of the situation on February 6th, 1901, 436; leaves Capetown to assume administration of the new colonies, 470; incidents of his journey, 471; discusses with Lord Kitchener the nature of the reply to Botha's overtures for peace, 471; the position taken up by him, 472; at Pretoria, 472; the sphere of his administrative activity, 473; his second visit to England, 473, 487, 490; endorses the appeal for the suspension of the Cape constitution, 479; issues a notice as to acts of treason, 480, 481; obtains the views of the Cape and Natal Governments on the question of the settlement of the new colonies, 489; his reception on his second return to England, 490; his audience with the King, 490; marks of royal favour shown to him, 490, 491; his speech at a luncheon given in his honour, 492; agitation for his recall, 499; returns to Johannesburg, 501; his despatch describing affairs in November, 1901, 503; invites Mr. E. B. Sargant to organise the work of educational reconstruction, 520; appoints commissions on the gold industry, 529; his attention to the reorganisation of the railways, 532; urges the settlement of British colonists on the land, 538; proposes a loan for land settlement, 540; his tireless energy, 541, 545; his proposed tax on the mining industry, 541; his telegram on the immediate financial position, 542; his repatriation scheme, 543; presses for a decision on the land settlement question, 543; differs from Lord Kitchener's views upon the terms of the surrender, 551, 560; drafts the terms of the surrender, 551, 558; refuses the terms of the Boer Peace Commissioners, 557; his care as to the English text of the Vereeniging surrender, 560, 561; England's debt to him, 562; summoned to Pretoria for the signing of the treaty of peace, 572. Mines Department, The, reorganisation of, 528. Mines, The, the project of wrecking, 214; permitted to re-open, 489, 507; native labour for, 509; their prosperity, 518. Mining plant, injury to by Boer raiders, 438. Mining industry, Lord Milner's proposed 10 per cent, tax on, 541. Missionaries, The, work of, 18. Mitchell, Sir Lewis, 485. Mobile columns, The creation of, 456. Modder River, Station, 322, 328. Monypenny, Mr., attempt to arrest, 245. Mooi River, The, 455. Morgendael, J., 428. Morley, John, misstatement by, 261; his attitude and public utterances on the war, 252, 259, 263, 314, 360, 370, 371 (note), 415. Mueller, E. B. Iwan, letter in the possession of, 166; his Lord Milner and South Africa, 166 (note). Mueller, G., 428. Municipal police, Organisation of, 529.

Naauwpoort, 455. Namaqualand, The election for, 121. Napier, Sir George, his evidence before the House of Commons on Lord Glenelg's reversal of Sir B. D'Urban's frontier policy, 14. Natal, 51; a menace to, 26; public meetings in, 131, 215; petition from to the Queen, 216; the invasion of, 235; the British forces in, 243, 246, 269; Boer aspiration to annex, 258, 259; mobilisation of the local forces in, 280 (note); Transvaal commando sent to the border, 290; the British authorities in, warned by Lord Milner, 298; treatment of the rebels in, 563, 567, 568. Natal Ministry, The, views of on the settlement of the new colonies, 547 to 550; views of on disarmament and the treatment of the natives, 549; advocates "reciprocity" in the learned professions and civil services of the several colonies, 550; puts forward a claim for the incorporation of certain districts of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony into Natal, 550; its view as to the treatment of the rebels, 568. Nationalist movement, in South Africa, The, 48 et seq. National Union, The, 41. Native Affairs, The Department of, in the Transvaal, 528. Natives, The, the question of arming, 281; the question of the franchise for, 566; the treatment of, 549. Navy Contribution Bill, The, 96; second reading of, 125 (note). Netherlands Government, The, 232; offer mediation, 551. Netherlands Railway, The, 376 to 381, 532 (note). New South Wales, offers a military contingent, 251. Nicholls incident, The, 212, 213. Nicholson, Colonel, 179. Nineteenth Century, The, 261 (note); article by Sir Bartle Frere in, 29 (note). Non-interference, the principle of, 10, 12. Norman, The S.S., 247. Norval's Pont, 521.

Olivier, Commandant, 287 (note), 564. Ons Land, its paean of triumph over the surrender of Jameson's troopers, 68 (note); its reproof of Sir Pieter Faure, 105; its anti-British policy, 106; its indictment of the Sprigg Ministry, 117; its presentation of the objects of the Afrikander party, 119; its article on the Mission of Messrs. Hofmeyr and Herholdt, 205 to 207; meeting of the Cape Distriks-bestuur at the offices of, 348, 349; its New Year exhortation, 349; its comment on the postponement of the Bond Congress at Somerset East, 374; its approval of the slanders on British troops, 403; its comment on Lord Milner's reply to the Worcester Congress, 409; libels General French, 477. Orange Free State, The, mineral wealth of, 54; relations of the Imperial Government to, 87 (note); its treaty of alliance with the Transvaal, 104, 125; irritation in against British intervention, 215; ammunition sent to, 216, 247, 273, 286; alleged movement of British troops to the border of, 236; the danger of a premature grant of responsible government to, 284; decides to declare war, 291; Lord Roberts enters, 328; annexation of, 329; invades south of Orange River, 344; the Landdrosts of, 347; the "Acting Chief-Commandant" of, 432; area enclosed by blockhouse lines, 458; the number of scholars on the school rolls, 523 (note). Orange River, The, 455. Orange River Colony, Lord Milner arranges for the civil administration of, 397; reappearance of the Boer commandos in the S.E. of, 441; numbers of Boers in the field in, 454; progress of civil administration in, 489, 524; issue of letters patent for the Crown Colony Government of, 490, 501, 544; grant in aid of the revenue of, 501; number of scholars on the school rolls, 523, 524; revenue of, 528; farm settlers in, 536; the settlement of, 546; military administration in, 566; taxation of landed property in, 566. Oranjie Unie, The, 55 (note). Origin of the Anglo-Boer War Revealed, The, 49, 54 (note), 234 to 236 (notes).

Paardeberg, conduct of the attack on, 332; surrender of Cronje at, 328, 354. Paardekraal, great assemblage of Boers at, 197; speeches delivered at, 213. Pakeman, Mr., arrest of, 245. "Pass" system, The, 528. Paul, H., 368. Peace, Preparing for, 470 to 535. Peace commissioners, The Boer, 556. Peace Committee, The, 412, 422, 423; treatment of agents of, 427 to 429; its efforts, 427, 429. Permits, The establishment of, 482. Poplar Grove, 354. Port Elizabeth, Ammunition landed at, 216, 236. Portland, The (3rd) Duke of, his despatch referring to the treatment of the Boers, 9 Pretoria, The British flag hoisted over the Raadzaal of, 167 (note), 329; war preparations at, 234, 235, 244; ammunition sent to, 236; railway communication with Delagoa Bay re-opened, 329; Lord Roberts's decision to advance on, 352; his occupation of, 369; Lord Milner makes arrangements for the civil administration, 397; Burgher Peace Committee formed at, 412, 422; effective occupation of the district round, 453; Lord Milner at, 472; the public buildings at, 526; meeting between the Boer leaders and Lords Milner and Kitchener at, 552, 556. Pretoria Convention, The, 31, 87 (note). Pretoria Executive, The, attitude of, 82, 88, 89; Mr. Chamberlain's communication to on the dynamite contract, 130; its attempt to buy off the capitalists, 131, 152; its committal to a policy of defiance, 158; its negotiations with the Home Government after the Bloemfontein Conference, 196, 199; its lack of good faith, 231; repudiates the arrangement made by Mr. Smuts with Sir Wm. Greene, 238, 239, 242; charges Sir Wm. Greene with bad faith, 242; its declaration of September 15th, 1899, to Mr. Hofmeyr, 276; brings negotiations to a conclusion, 289; its replies to the British despatches of July 27th and May 10th, 294. Pretorius, Mr., 406, 421. Pretyman, General, 470. Price, Mr., 306. Prieska, 354. Prinsloo, Commandant, surrender of, 329. Pro-Boers, The manufacture of, 434, 443. Proclamation to the fighting burghers, The proposed, 420. "Programme of Principles," The Afrikander Bond, 59. Progressive Cabinet, A, formation of, 280 (note), 390. Progressive Party, The, 97, 98, 116, 118; the funds of; 118; their strength in the Cape Parliament, 121, 122, 393; led by Sir Gordon Sprigg, 125; their support of Lord Milner, 271; resolution presented to the Home Government by, 295. Punch, 225.

Queen's Hall, Pro-Boer meeting in, 498. Queensland, offers a military contingent, 251.

Raad, The, meeting of, 193. Racial fusion, The problem of, 516. Railway lines, The cutting of, 459. Railways, The, the reorganisation of, 530, 535. Rand, The, 36, 518; agitation on for reform, 131; recommencement of the industrial life of, 489, 507, 536. Rebels, The, treatment of, 384 to 391, 563, 567, 568; their disfranchisement, 388, 389; surrenders of, 573 (note). "Reciprocity" between the civil services of the several colonies, 550. Redistribution Bill, The, introduction of, 116; second reading of, 117, 118; its effect on the British population, 125. Reform Committee, The, 39; their message to Dr. Jameson, 40; alteration of their plans, 41, 42. Refugees, The return of, 489, 507, 508, 512, 533. Registration of electors, The, postponed, 476. Reichstag, The S.S., 236. Reinforcements, The, character of, 330. Reitz, F. W., 50, 144, 159, 294, 564; his policy of "closer union," 49; takes Dr. Leyds's place as State Secretary, 126; asserts the Sovereignty of the Transvaal, 127 (note); his reply to Mr. Chamberlain's communication on the dynamite contract, 130; instructed to decline Mr. Chamberlain's request for delay in passing the Franchise Bill, 211; his despatch refusing the preferred joint inquiry, 237; communicates to the British Government Mr. Smut's new proposals for a five years' franchise, 238; his despatch repudiating the Smuts-Greene arrangement, 239; his appeal to "Free Staters and Brother Afrikanders," 297; Mr. Amery's meeting with him, 300; his book, A Century of Wrong, 356; a letter of his published by the Concessions Commission, 377 (note). Repatriation scheme, Lord Milner's, 543. Republican nationalists, The, 259, 275, 282; their hatred of England, 429. Republican United States of South Africa, The, 258, 259. Republics, The, military preparations of, 166, 167, 178, 234; expulsion of British subjects from, 246; manifestoes issued by upon the outbreak of war, 257; their treatment of British residents on the declaration of war, 292; fall of, 329; the British case against, 357 to 359. Reserves, Insufficient supply of, 323, 331. Retrocession, The, 255. Rhodes, Cecil, 34, 35, 83; his scheme of commercial federation, 38, 39; his comment on Dr. Jameson's Raid, 40; actual cause of the failure of his plan, 45; his methods, 46; his alliance with the Afrikander Bond, 46; his alliance with J. H. Hofmeyr, 65; an incident in his political career, 66; his speech of March 12th, 1898, 67; recognised by the Bond as its enemy, 68; his resignation, 93, 96; his return to political life, 97; the actual chief of the Progressives, 117; opposed at Barkly West, 118 (note); returned for both Barkly West and Namaqualand, 121; his tactics after the election following upon Sir Gordon Sprigg's dissolution of Parliament, 122, 123; his interview with Lord Milner, 124 (note); his anger at the impotence of England, 306; endorses the appeal for the suspension of the Cape constitution, 479. Rhodesia, 84, 192; demonstration in of confidence in Lord Milner's statesmanship, 215; petition from to the Queen, 216; organisation of the defences of, 269; warned by Lord Milner, 298. Ripon, The Marquess of, 37, 498 (note). Roberts, Lord, 329 (note); a result of his occupation of Bloemfontein, 156; appointed to the South African command, 321; strength of his force, 322, 332 (note); his despatches, 326 to 328, 339, 341, 352; his tactics at Paardeberg, 332, 333; his alleged instructions from the Government, 333; a reply to criticism of German General Staff upon his strategy, 334; his campaign, 343; his decision to advance on Johannesburg and Pretoria, 352; his qualities as a captain of war, 353; why he did not carry out Lord Milner's suggestion as to the defence of the Cape, 353; his occupation of Pretoria, 369; his enforced halt at Bloemfontein, 384; his approaching return to England, 398; his recognition of the difficulty of the task of disarmament, 413; relinquishes command of the forces in South Africa, 419; agrees with Lord Milner's views on the proposed proclamation to the burghers, 420; his proclamation, 424; his victories, 435; sends some of the civilian population to L. Botha, 452. Robertson, Edmund, M.P., 417, 498 (note); his speech at Dundee on Oct. 16th, 1901, 467, 468. Robinson, J. B., 149. Robinson, Sir John, his view of the reversal of Sir Benjamin D'Urban's frontier policy, 16. Roos Senekal, capture of documents at, 425, 426, 431; circular issued at, 463 (note). Rosebery Lord, his appreciation of Lord Milner, 77, 278; his support of the Government, 264, 416. Rosmead, 455. Rosmead, Lord, 36, 39; his action, 45; his response to Mr. Chamberlain's counsels, 46; his policy, 70; his attitude at Pretoria, 72; intimates his wish to retire, 74; his resistance to the attempt of the Transvaal Boers to seize Bechuanaland, 74; retires, 75; his promise to obtain reasonable reforms from. President Krueger, 88 (note). Rosslyn Castle, The S.S., 305. Russia, attitude of, 311.

St. Aldwyn, Lord, his charge against members of the Liberal Opposition and the Irish Nationalists, 465. Salisbury, The (late) Marquess of, 75; sympathetic speech of on the Transvaal question, 228, 229; his answer to the charge of "military unpreparedness," 265; receives "peace overtures," 355; his reply, 357; his indignant comment on the attitude of the Liberal leaders, 416; his charge against Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman, 466; receives Lord Milner, 490. Salisbury Cabinet, The, reluctance of to push matters to an extremity, 176, 188; its disregard of Lord Wolseley's advice, 177, 188, 189, 190; its decision as to reinforcements, 190, 191; the course it decided to adopt, 196; its weakness, 223, 224; determines to make a definite announcement of its South African policy; 228; position taken up by it, 230; its last effort to come to a friendly understanding, 240; its despatch of Sept, 8th, 1899, 241, 242; decides to raise the strength of the Natal and Cape forces, 242, 243, 246, 250, 279, 288; its reluctance to make war, 251; patriotism of, 266; Afrikander leaders' view of, 274; decides to mobilise an army corps, 290; its military action, 309, 310, 331; its alleged instructions to Lord Roberts, 333, 334; its decision as to the Conventions, 360. Sand River Convention, The, 17; Sir George Grey's exposure of, 19. Sannah's Post, 363. Sargant, E. B., his story of the educational efforts during the war, 520 to 523. Sauer, Hans, 97. Sauer, J. W., joins the Schreiner Cabinet, 124, 142; his sympathy with the Boers, 149; his mission to Dordrecht, 287 (note), 379 (note); his breach with Mr. Schreiner, 361; his offer to range himself on the side of the Republics, 376, 377; his intimacy with Mr. Hargrove, 379; his repudiation of Pres. Krueger's statement as to his connection with Mr. Hargrove, 380; his declaration when opposing the second reading of the Treason Bill, 396, 474; purpose of his visit to England, 495; banquet in his honour, 496; his frankness as to his mission, 497; attends the meeting at the Queen's Hall, 498. Scheepers, 432. Schreiner Cabinet, The, 96, 124, 141, 150; the Bond Members of, 142; its desire to prevent British intervention, 150; its "planks," 158; the Te Water correspondence, 162 to 166; its opinion of Pres. Krueger's franchise proposals, 198; uses its influence to assist the Pretoria Executive in refusing the franchise reform put forward by Lord Milner, 199; its refusal to call out the local forces, 280 to 283, 345; refuses aid to Mafeking and Kimberley, 345; its demise, 346, 390; individual views of the members on the treatment of the rebels, 390. Schreiner-Bond coalition, The, 98. Schreiner, Olive, 144. Schreiner, Philip, adopted as the parliamentary leader by the Bond, 97; moves a vote of "no confidence" in the Sprigg Ministry, 118; his electoral utterances, 118; forms a ministry, 124; warned by Lord Milner of the gravity of the situation, 140; his blind partisanship for the Transvaal, 142, 147; his relationship to Lord Milner, 143; his history, 144; his regard for the British Empire, 145; his reply to a question of Mr. Chamberlain's, 146; his instinctive sympathy with the Afrikander nationalists, 146; sounds Lord Milner as to the possibility of an inter-state Conference, 152; receives warning telegrams from England, 153, 154; writes a confidential letter to President Steyn, 154; the influence which he used with the Transvaal Government, 155; his view of Krueger's acceptance of a conference, 158; his solicitude to attend the Bloemfontein Conference, 167; his partisanship on the question of the franchise, 198, 199; informed of the Home Governments' intention to "complete" the Cape Garrison, 204; his view of the grant of a limited franchise to the Uitlanders, 210; urges the acceptance of the proposed joint inquiry, 232, 235; his position, 235; his declaration as to the attitude he would assume in the event of war, 248; his knowledge of the Port Elizabeth ammunition for the Free State, 273; his benediction of Pres. Krueger's Bloemfontein scheme and of the Volksraad's proposals, 276; his complex political creed, 278; his resistance to Lord Milner's plans of local military preparation, 278; recedes from his standpoint of neutrality, 280, 344, 345, 373; is prevailed on to call out the Kimberley volunteers, 280; his final concession, 281; fails to provide Kimberley with arms, 304; consents to the proclamation of martial law, 345; scant help afforded by him to Lord Milner, 345; his breach with Dr. Te Water and Messrs. Merriman and Sauer, 361, 474; uses his influence for the postponement of the Bond Congress at Somerset East, 374; is brought into conflict with the Bond members of his Cabinet, 384; his views upon the nature of the punishment to be inflicted on rebels, 385, 390; his sense of loyalty to the person of the Sovereign, 392; his support of the Treason Bill, 474. Schreiner, Theophilus, 144. Schutte, Mr., 212 (note). Science of Rebellion, The, 431 (note). Seale-Hayne, M.P., Mr., 498 (note). Select Committee on British South Africa, The proceedings of, extract from, 146. Settlement after the War, The, 214 (note). Settlement of the new colonies, The, the question of, 489, 564 et seq. Seventeen, The Chamber of, 3, 4, 5. Shaw, M.P., Thomas, 498 (note); his speech at Galashiels on October 14th, 1901, 467, 468. Sherman, General, 451 (note). Showers, Mr., 529. Silberbauer, Mr., 167. Simon's Bay, 57. Slaghter's Nek, the "rebellion" of, 11. Slaves, The emancipation of in Cape Colony, 15. Smalldeel, 397. Smartt, Dr., 116 (note). Smuts, J. C., 152, 159, 204, 212 (note), 572; appointed State Attorney, 126; attends the Bloemfontein Conference, 168; report in The Times of a conversation with, 214; is entrusted with the projected destruction of the mines, 214; furnishes an explanatory memorandum of the new franchise law, 218; offers Sir William Greene a simplified seven years' franchise in lieu of a joint inquiry, 237, 238; his attempt to disown the arrest of Mr. Pakeman, 245; his words at Vereeniging on May 30th, 1902, 276; failure of the negotiations initiated by Sir William Greene through him, 309, 310; appointed a peace commissioner, 556, 558; his suggestion as to a "formal clause" in the draft Vereeniging agreement, 561; his responsibility for the origin of the war, 574. Solomon, Saul, 147. Solomon, Sir R., 118 (note); accepts office under the Schreiner Ministry as Attorney-General, 124, 142; his motives in associating himself with the objects of the Bond, 144, 147, 148; his distrust of Rhodes, 148; his breach with Dr. Te Water and Messrs. Merriman and Sauer, 361, 474; visits the north-midland districts of the Cape with Lord Milner, 362; his views as to the treatment of the rebels, 390, 393, 395; his support of the Treason Bill, 474; appointed Legal Adviser to the New Transvaal administration, 474 (note); help afforded by him to Lord Milner, 515; his energy and capacity, 527; presides over a commission on the gold industry, 529; assists Lord Milner in the draft of the terms of the Vereeniging surrender, 551, 558. Somerset East, Annual Congress at, 374. South Africa, failure of British administration in, 1; population of European descent in, 5; British treatment of the natives and Dutch in, 8 et seq.; the first effort to introduce a large British population, 15; public interest in, 23; ultimate control of British policy in, 24; the decision of cardinal questions dealing with its administration, 34; the Dutch population of, 43, 46, 49, 98, 105; Dutch view of the nationalist movement in, 49; before and after the Jameson Raid, 68; as Lord Milner found it, 69; attempts to secure the reunion of under the British flag, 69; the British cause in, 71; reinforcement of the British garrison in, 94; aspirations of the Dutch in, 105; despondency of the British population, 107; result of the failure of the Bloemfontein Conference on the British population, 172; moral weakness of England's position in, 186; approval of Lord Milner's policy by the British population, 216; dismay of the British population as the Imperial Governments' reported acceptance of the franchise law, 222; performance of the British Army in, 323; numbers of the British Army in on April 1st, 1900, 323; numbers of the British population in who served, 324; the task of subduing the entire Dutch population of, 435; loyalists in, 447, 448; the manifestation of hostility against the loyalist population of, 464 (note). South Africa: A Study, etc., 579 (note). South African Constabulary, inauguration of, 397, 530; expenses of, 502; composition of, 531. South African Garrison, The, 178, 190, 309, 310. South African League, The, 96, 133, 212 (note), 374. South African Nationality, The, the creation of, 58. South African News, The, 225, 380; its abuse of Lord Milner, 272, 391, 477; its charge against British soldiers, 402. South African Republics, The attempt to bring them into a federal system under the British Crown, 69; their relations with the British Government, 81; their military preparations, 166, 167, 178, 181. South African Settlement, The, debate on in the House of Commons, 393. South African Unity, The goal of, 65, 66, 69. South African War, The Great, events which culminated in, 25, 188. South Central Africa, 36. Sprigg, Sir Gordon, 70, 280 (note); his Ministry, 93, 94, 96, 97, 124, 217 (note); his regard for British interests, 94; his relations with Cecil Rhodes, 94; the attempt to prevent him from attending the Colonial Conference of 1897, 94, 95; resolves to bring forward a Redistribution Bill, 116; appeals to the electorate, 118; defeat of his Ministry, 124; leads the Progressives in opposition, 125; becomes Premier, 390; is at one with Lord Milner and the Home Government, 473, 485; his view as to the prorogation of Parliament, 482; his loyal co-operations with the Imperial authorities, 485; replies to Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, 500. Springs, 456. Standerton, 458. Star, The (Johannesburg), 145 (note), 245, 491 (note). Statham, Mr., 377 (note). Stead, W. T., 75, 357 (note). Steenekamp, Mrs. Anna E., 16 (note). Steyn, Marthinus, 70, 564; his agency in the matter of the Bloemfontein Conference, 140; Mr. Merriman's letter to him with reference to "a colourable measure of reform" in the Transvaal, 152; accepts the role of peace-maker, 153; asks the Cape Premier to ascertain Lord Milner's willingness to meet Pres. Krueger, 154, 155; formal acceptance of his invitation to the Bloemfontein Conference, 156; his replies to Dr. Te Water's letters, 162; his willingness to take part in the Conference, 168; his evening reception on the opening day of the Conference, 171; inquires as to movements of British troops, 236; his pledge that Cape Colony should not be invaded, 279; his commandos, 289; the ultimatum submitted for his approval, 291; his misgivings, 291; receives an appeal for peace from Sir Henry de Villiers, 292; declares war, 295; his "peace overtures," 355; his responsibility for the guerilla war, 414, 415, 427; circulates utterances of the leaders of the Liberal Opposition, 468; consults with Schalk Burger as to peace, 552; meets Lords Milner and Kitchener at Pretoria, 552; his negotiations, 553; appointed a peace commissioner, 556, 564; his inability to sign the agreement, 567 (note). Stop-the-war Committee, The, 368. Stormberg, 321, 348, 455; a result of the defeat at, 8. Story of an African Farm, The, 144. Strydom, the Boer, 427 (note). Studenten Blad, The, of the Theological Seminary of Burghersdorp, 120. Sud Africaan, The, 351 (note). Sunnyside, 472. Swaziland border, The, the question of, 89 (note). Swaziland Convention, The, 87 (note). Sydney, Public meeting at, 250. Symons, General, 319.

"Taal," The, preservation of, 547. Tembuland border, The, advance of the Boers to, 281; Mr. Schreiner's action with reference to, 281, 282. Tembus, The, 281. "Terms of Surrender," The, communicated to the Boer Commissioners, 563; the draft agreement of, 564. Terrorism and deceit, A system of, 425, 426. Te Water, Dr., 93, 94, 142, 150, 154, 235; resignation of, 95, 116; joins the Schreiner Cabinet, 124; his faithfulness to the Bond, 162, 163; advocates amnesty for the rebels, 392. Te Water Correspondence, The, 156, 162 to 166. Theron, T. P., 64; opposes the Redistribution Bill, 117; declines to meet the peace delegates, 475. Thomas, C. H., 49. Three Years War, The, 433 (note), 570 (note); extract from, 578. Times, The, 261 (note); report of a conversation with Mr. Smuts, 214; reproduces Mr. Chamberlain's conversation with its correspondent, 221, 227; letter of Sir Wm. Harcourt to, 262; report of a speech by Mr. Morley, 371 (note); protest in of "an old Berliner," 468. Transkei, The, 486. Transvaal, The, Sir Bartle Frere's visit to in 1879, 28; restoration of the Boer Republic in, 30, 31, 34; the English of, 42, 43; mineral wealth of, 54; the Afrikander Bond in, 55; conflict of its commercial interests with those of the Cape, 64; attempts to secure Bechuanaland, 64; position of the British population in, 71; race oligarchy in, 84; more hopeful situation in, 99; the position in Feb., 1898, 103; the question of reform in, 105, 106, 107; unprogressiveness of, 112; progress of armament in, 125, 158, 255; its communications with the paramount power, 126; reliance of on the Orange Free State, 128; the position of British residents in, 130, 173; presentation of the petition of the British residents, 131; our stand against Dutch tyranny in, 186; alleged conspiracy against, 212; Mr. Morley's statement as to the annexation of, 261; commandos ordered to take up their position on the Natal border, 290; flight of the British population from, 292; entered by the Natal Field Force, 329; annexation of, 329; reappearance of the Boer commandos in the S.W. of, 441; numbers of Boers in the field in, 454; area enclosed by blockhouse lines, 458; progress of civil administration in, 489, 525; issue of letters patent for the Crown Colony Government of, 490, 501, 544; grant in aid of the revenues of, 501; area held, 505, 506; mineral wealth of unaffected by the war, 514; extent of its mineral wealth, 519; number of children educated in the camps in, 523; the revenue of, 528; the settlement of, 546; military administration in, 566; taxation of landed property in, 566. Transvaal from Within, The, 131 (note), 264, 274 (note). Transvaal question, The, debated in both Houses of Parliament, 228. Treason Bill, The, 394 to 398; the support given to it by Mr. Schreiner and Sir R. Solomon, 474; the debates on, 477; the lenient penalties of, 480. Tugela, The, General Buller's attempt to force the passage, 306.

Uitlander Council, The, 211, 215; its view of the new franchise law, 218; its disappointment with the announcement that the law is acceptable to the Imperial Government, 222 (note). Uitlanders, The, a five years' franchise advocated for, 37; the enfranchisement of, 38; their "admitted grievances," 72; confirmation of their complaints, 89; Krueger's determination to increase their disabilities, 103; their petition, 131; postponement of the publication of Lord Milner's despatch dealing with their grievances, 140; formal acceptance of, 155, 157; General Butler's view of their grievances, 175; their claim for enfranchisement, 185; granted a limited franchise, 209; their view of the measure, 211; petitions to the Queen for justice to, 216; their detailed criticism of the new franchise law, 220; the British Government's view of the concessions made to them, 229, 230; outrageous treatment of, 244, 245; espionage on, 273; their return, 489, 507, 508, 512. Ultimatum, The, 246, 253 to 299; the day on which it expired, 279 (note); submitted to Pres. Steyn for his approval, 291; recast by Mr. Fischer, 291; delay in presenting, 291; delivered to Sir Wm. Greene, 295; reaches Lord Milner, 295; reaches the Colonial Office, 298; reply of Her Majesty's Government, 298; its effect on Lord Milner, 342; its effect on the British people, 344. Unionist leaders, The, and Lord Milner's administration, 81. Union Jack, The, hissed, 499. United States of America, The, attitude of towards Great Britain during the war, 264, 312, 313, 314. Upington Ministry, The, 60. Upington, Sir Thomas, 93; resignation of, 116 (note).

Vaal River, The, 456. Valley of Light, The, 340 (note). Vandam, Captain, 245. Van Riebeck, Commander, The diary of, 2, 3; the Dutch E. India Co's instructions to as to the treatment of natives in S. Africa, 5, 9. Vereeniging, 555, 556; Mr. Smuts's words at on May 30th, 1902, 276; the surrender of, 303, 359, 433, 454 (note), 536 to 583; two and a half years after, 449; signing of the Terms of Surrender, 542; difference between Lord Milner's and Lord Kitchener's views as to the Terms of Surrender, 551; circumstances under which the negotiations originated, 551 et seq.; the three proposals put forward by the Boer leaders, 556; Article X, of the Terms of Surrender, 559; Mr. Smuts's suggestion as to a "formal clause," 561; the draft agreement telegraphed to England, 562; its wording, 564; the signature of, 567, 573; its terms compared with the Middelburg terms, 568 (note); acceptation of the British terms, 571, 572; generosity of the terms, 580; leniency of the terms, 581; immediate effect of the terms, 583. Victoria, offers a military contingent, 251. Victoria, Queen, presentation of the second petition to, 131, 194; petitions to for justice to the Uitlanders, 216; proposed letter to from Krueger, 376; death of, 481 (note). Vigilance Committee, The, 500. Viljoen, General, a telegram to, 426. Volksblad, The, 351 (note). Volksraad, The, discusses the question of accepting the joint inquiry, 237; refuses it, 237. Vosloo, Mr., 477. Vossische Zeitung, The, 399 (note), 469 (note). Vryburg division, the return of representatives for, 121. Vryburg, goes over to the Boers, 280.

Walrond, M. S. O., 167. Walter, M. P. C., 213 (note). War Commission, The, 318, 319 (note), 324 (note); General Sir Wm. Butler's evidence before, 175 (note), 181 to 183. War, Declaration of, 297; the first days of, 304; the conduct of, 316; area of the country over which it was waged, 326, 339; difficulties of carrying on, 328; general conclusions arising from the events, and military criticisms on, 330 et seq.; the unnecessary prolongation of, 360; economic consequences of, 439; moral effect of its recrudescence, 440; method of waging it, 450 to 453. War in South Africa, The Official History of, vol. i. p. 309 (note) et seq. War in South Africa, The, Sir Conan Doyle's, 469 (note). War Office, The, efficiency of, 339. Watson, Dr. Spence, 498 (note). Webb, Mr., arrest of, 131. Wessels, Andries, 428. Wessels, C. J., 260, 555. White, Montagu, 232. White, Sir George, shut up in Ladysmith, 320, 344. Willcocks, Sir William, his report on irrigation, 516 to 518. Williams, Colonel Hanbury, 167. Willoughby, Sir John, 44. Wilson, H. F. C., 515, 526. Wilson, M.P., H. J., 498 (note). Witwatersrand Gold Mines, The, 25, 31, 36. Witwatersrand, The, Krueger raises the Vier-kleur on, 31. Wodehouse, 346, 379. Wodehouse, Sir Philip, 275. Wolmarans, A. D., 168, 555. Wolseley, Lord, his advice to the Salisbury Cabinet, 177, 188, 190, 309, 322, 331; his task, 317, 318. Woolls-Sampson, Col. Sir Aubrey, 88; forms the Imperial Light Horse, 179. Worcester Advertiser, The, 477; its charge against British soldiers, 400. Worcester Conference, The, 395, 403, 477; the resolutions of, 405, 495; a fatal result of, 412; representations of its delegates to the Liberal party, 496. Wybergh, Mr., 515, 528. Wylant, the 'Sick-Comforter,' 3.

Zeerust, 458. Zuid Africaan, The, articles in, 63. Zulus, The, military power of, 25, 26. Zululand, a portion of transferred to Natal, 550.

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