History Of The Mackenzies
by Alexander Mackenzie
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5. Anne, who married Alexander Mackenzie, W.S., I. of Portmore, with issue.

6. Elizabeth, who died young.

7. Jean, who in 1766 married Alexander Elphinstone of Glack, Aberdeenshire, Sheriff-Depute of that county in 1777, with issue - a son, John, and two daughters - Jane, who in 1787 married John Mackenzie, VII. of Applecross, and Mary, who died in Edinburgh unmarried in 1796.

8. Janet, who died unmarried in 1789.

9. Martha; and 10. Janet, both of whom died young.

Colin of Kilcoy died in 1758, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,

VII. CHARLES MACKENZIE, seventh of Kilcoy, who in 1781 married Jane Gordon, third daughter of Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston with issue - an only son, by whom on his death in 1813 he was succeeded as

VIII. SIR COLIN MACKENZIE, eighth of Kilcoy, created a baronet on the 15th of March, 1836, with remainder to his second and third sons, Evan and Colin John. He was Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant 1st Ross-shire Local Militia, and Vice-Lieutenant and Convener of the county, and claimed the Earldom of Buchan and Barony of Auchterhouse. He was born on the 22nd of April, 1782, and married on the 30th of March, 1805, Isabella (who died on the 26th of May, 1874), second daughter of Ewen Cameron of Glen Nevis, with issue -

1. Charles, his heir and successor, in the entailed estates. He was born on the 25th of December, 1811, and died unmarried on the 30th of July, 1887.

2. Evan, who succeeded to the Baronetcy and the unentailed estates.

3. Colin, died unmarried on the 21st of April, 1868.

4. Jane, who in 1853 married James Wardlaw, Major 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (who died on the 3rd of October, 1867), with issue - (1) John Colin Wardlaw Captain 34th Regiment. He was born on the 19th of July, 1856, and married in 1889, Mabel, daughter of William Bousfield Page, of Carlisle. (2) George Lake, born on the 19th of April, 1864; (3) James Robert Preston, born on the 22nd of September, 1867; (4) Geraldine Anne Isabella Mary Jane, who married on the 21st of December, 1876, George Francis Gillanders of Highfield, with issue - a daughter, Frances Geraldine; (5) Horatia Georgina Ramsay, who married first on the 19th of July, 1877, William Gordon Cumming Asher, with issue - William Augustus, born on the 6th of July, 1878, and Isabella Cameron. She married secondly, Thomas Home, W.S., Edinburgh, with issue; (6) Jane Frances Harriet, who in 1890 married George Mullen of Springfield, County Sligo, with issue - a daughter, Jane Horatia Mary.

Sir Colin died in January, 1845, when he was succeeded in the Baronetcy and unentailed estates by

IX. SIR EVAN MACKENZIE, second Baronet of Kilcoy. He was born on the 15th of August, 1816, and married on the 2nd of November, 1844, Sarah Ann Philomena, daughter of James Parkes, County of Londonderry, with issue -

1. Colin Charles, Lieutenant 79th Cameron Highlanders, born on the 7th of February, 1848, and died unmarried at Gibraltar on the 15th of June, 1880.

2. Isabella Jane, who became her father's heir and successor.

3. Edith Millicent.

4. Eva Mary Marjorie Erskine, who on the 22nd of February, 1872, married Roderick Grogan Mackenzie, V. of Flowerburn, Lieutenant-Colonel Ross-shire Militia, late 16th Lancers, with issue.

5. Sarah Anna Philomena.

Sir Evan Mackenzie died in 1883, and on the death of his brother, Charles Mackenzie of Kilcoy, in 1887, the estates and representation of the family of Kilcoy devolved on Sir Evan's eldest daughter,

X. ISABELLA JANE, who on the 30th of March, 1869, married Colonel John Edward Burton (now Burton-Mackenzie), late 91st Highlanders, second son of the late John Standfast Burton, by Mary Anna, daughter of David Morgan and niece and heiress of Richard Toulmin North of Newton Hall and Thurland Castle, Lancashire, with issue -

1. Evan North, who was born on the 9th of March, 1870.

2. Colin John Mackenzie, born on the 14th of September, 1871.

3. Edward Grove, born on the 7th of August, 1876.

4. Isabella Alicia Eva.

On succeeding to the estates of Kilcoy, Colonel and Mrs Burton assumed the name and arms of Mackenzie of Kilcoy, in addition to those of Burton (recorded in 1633), by Letters Patent from the Lyon King at Arms on the 7th of December, 1887.


I. GENERAL SIR KENNETH MACKENZIE-DOUGLAS, first of this family, was the eldest son of Kenneth Mackenzie, Tutor to Charles Mackenzie, VII. of Kilcoy, by his wife Janet, daughter of Sir Robert Douglas, Baronet, of Glenbervie (author of the Peerage and Baronage of Scotland), and co-heir of her brother, Sir Alexander Douglas, M.D., the last Baronet of that family, descended from Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, whose second son, Sir Robert Douglas, succeeded in 1591 to his estates of Glenbervie and Kemnay. The General, who was Colonel of the 58th Regiment, was created a Baronet on the 30th of September, 1831, and on the 31st of October following he assumed by Royal license the name of Douglas in addition to his own. He married on the 18th of December, 1804, Rachel, only child and heir of Robert Andrews of Hythe, Kent, with issue -

1. Robert Andrews, his heir and successor.

2. Kenneth, Lieutenant 58th Regiment, who was born on the 14th of July, 1809, and died unmarried in Ceylon in 1830.

3. Alexander Douglas, an officer in the 58th and 68th Regiments. He was born on the 22nd of December 1811, and on the 17th of April, 1834, married Ann, daughter and co-heir of Joshua Rouse, Southampton, with issue - (1) Rouse Douglas, Captain 96th Regiment, born on the 29th of December, 1836, and married on the 20th of December, 1861, Alice, daughter of John O'Neill of Montbello, County Wicklow, with issue - a son and daughter; (2) Alexander Douglas, of the Mounted Police, Queensland. He was born on the 7th of February, 1843, and married in 1864, without issue; (3) Annie Douglas, who on the 31st of March, 1864, married John Croft, F.R.S.; (4) Mary Elizabeth Mackenzie-Douglas; and (5) Rachel Adela Douglas. Alexander died in 1848.

4. Edward, who died unmarried in 1835.

5. Lynedoch, Lieutenant 97th Regiment. He was born on the 28th of October, 1818, and on the 26th of July, 1848, married Laura Susanna, youngest daughter of Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Campbell, Baronet, G.C.B., with issue - (1) Helen Maria Mackenzie, who on the 22nd of December, 1874, married Andrew Mitchell Mackenzie, son of the late Hon. Donald Mackenzie, Senator of the College of Justice, with issue - Donald Mackenzie, born on the 15th of July, 1878; Lilias Douglas; and Helen Maria Douglas; (2) Laura Augusta Mackenzie Douglas, who on the 13th of July, 1878, married Donald Mackenzie, B.A., W.S., eldest son of the Hon. Donald Mackenzie aforesaid; (3) Jessie Beatrice Mackenzie Douglas, who on the 25th of October, 1873, married as his first wife the Rev. Philip Richard Pipon Braithwaite, vicar of St. Luke's, Jersey, since 1881, and formerly of Abbotsham, Devon, with issue - William Douglas Braithwaite, born on the 22nd of October, 1876; Jessie Pipon; and Mary Mackenzie. Lynedoch Douglas died on the 15th of May, 1859.

6. Donald Douglas, Captain Royal North Down Rifles. He was born on the 7th of July, 1821, and on the 5th of August, 1847, married Emily Jane, fifth daughter of Hugh Kennedy of Cultra, County Down, with issue - (1) Donald Sholto Mackenzie, born on the 14th of December, 1849; (2) Kenneth Nigel Mackenzie, Lieutenant Essex Rifles. He was born on the 1st of November, 1851, and on the 31st of July, 1879, married Emma daughter of Thomas B. Street, of Friers Place, near Acton, Middlesex; (3) Emily Elizabeth Mackenzie, who on the 28th of November, 1877, married Colonel Robert Blair Kennedy, with issue - Kathleen Carlotta Douglas.

7. Rachel, who on the 23rd of February, 1843, married her cousin, John Snodgrass, Major 96th Regiment, with issue - (1) John Douglas, Captain R.A., born on the 21st of April, 1844, and married, with issue - a son who died young; (2) Rachel Etah; and (3) Edith Mary Mackenzie. Rachel died on the 15th of January, 1877, her husband, Captain Snodgrass, having predeceased her on the 27th of January, 1856.

General Sir Kenneth Mackenzie-Douglas died on the 22nd of November, 1833, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. SIR ROBERT ANDREWS MACKENZIE-DOUGLAS, second Baronet and Major in the army. He was born on the 25th of April, 1807, and on the 29th of April, 1835, married his sister-in-law, Martha Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua Rouse, of Southampton, with issue -

1. Robert Andrews, his heir and successor.

2. Kenneth Douglas, who was born on the 17th of October, 1842, and on the 21st of August, 1867, married at Christchurch, New Zealand, Caroline Nicholls, with issue - (1) Kenneth, who succeeded as fourth Baronet; (2) Blanche; and (3) Martha. Kenneth Douglas died on the 25th of January, 1882.

3. Elizabeth, who on the 6th of August, 1861, married Sir Francis George Augustus Fuller-Eliott-Drake, Baronet, Captain Royal Horse Guards, with issue - Elizabeth, who in 1887 married Reginald John Upton Colborne, third Lord Seaton.

Sir Robert died on the 1st of November, 1843, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. SIR ROBERT ANDREWS MACKENZIE-DOUGLAS, third Baronet, Captain 57th Regiment. He was born on the 19th of July, 1837.

He died unmarried in 1884, when he was succeeded in the title and estates by his nephew,

IV. SIR KENNETH MACKENZIE-DOUGLAS, fourth Baronet, who was born on the 29th of May, 1868.


THE immediate progenitor of this family was Alexander Mackenzie of Coul, so often referred to in the body of this work, and who so greatly distinguished himself in the wars with Glengarry and Macleod of the Lewis. He was a natural son of Colin Cam, XI. of Kintail, by Mary, eldest daughter of Roderick Mackenzie, II. of Davochmaluag, by his wife, Ann, daughter of Donald Gorm Macdonald. VII. of Sleat. Alexander was a great favourite with his brothers Kenneth, first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, and Sir Roderick Mackenzie of Coigeach. He has a sasine of half the lands of Applecross and others, as a "natural son of Colin Mackenzie of Kintail," dated 10th of March, 1582. He has another, in 1607, from Roderick Dingwall of the lands of Kildun, and one in 1619 of the lands of Pittonachty, now Rosehaugh, and Castleton. It is said that Alexander when quite an infant was sent by his mother to his father, Colin of Kintail, to Brahan Castle, who consulted his wife, Barbara, daughter of John Grant of Grant, as to what he should do with the little stranger. Naturally incensed both at her husband's infidelity and the proposed addition to her family circle, she indignantly replied - "Cuir 'sa chuil e," that is "put him in the ash-hole, or corner." Realising the imprudence of further offending her, but being naturally of a humane disposition, and wishing to act honourably by his innocent offspring, he took the child away, and on his return told his wife that he had carried out her proposal and left him in the "Coul." He secretly sent Alexander to the place then and now called "A Chuil," or Coul, to be nursed and brought up by a respectable woman, and thus carried out the letter if not the spirit of his lady's request, and at the same time performed his duty towards his afterwards distinguished son, to whom he gave that estate as his inheritance.

Kenneth's grandson, John, II. of Applecross, who in 1669, wrote the well-known Genealogy of his clan, gives the following account of the progenitor of his family: "He was happy in his youth by the comeliness of his person, and agility of body, to be looked upon by Kenneth, Lord Kintail, his brother, and all his followers, being then engaged in their hottest feuds with the Clan Ranald and Macleods of Lewis, as the fittest man to command what force his brother was to make use of on these occasions, wherein he failed not their expectations, managing that command (which he enjoyed until the Tutor of Kintail put a period to all these troubles by the transaction with Glengarry, and utter extirpation of the Macleods of Lewis) with so much courage and expedition, that albeit during the whole tract of these broils there passed not any action of moment wherein he was not signally concerned, yet in all of them his constant success brought no less honour to himself than advantage and reputation to his party. This, with his singular industry and upright dealing in affairs, got him so much of the love of his brethren, especially Lord Kenneth, who on his death-bed honoured him with the gift of his own sword in testimony of his esteem and affection for him, and so much of the respect of his friends and neighbours, and the good opinion of the country people, that, without difficulty or the least grudge of any person whatsoever, he in a short time purchased a considerable estate, which he still augmented by the same means during the rest of his life." Among these purchases was Applecross and other lands which exceeded in extent the lands of Coul, which was bestowed on him by his father.

Alexander married, first, Annabella, daughter of Murdoch Mackenzie, I. of Fairburn, and relict of Thomas Mackenzie, I. of Ord, with issue -

1. Roderick, infeft by his father in the estate and Parony of Applecross.

2. Isabel, who as his second wife married Alexander, V. of Gairloch, with issue.

3. Marjory, who married the Rev. William MacCulloch of Park, minister of Fodderty.

Alexander married secondly, Christian, daughter of Hector Munro of Assynt, with issue -

4. Kenneth, first of Assynt and afterwards of Coul.

5. Alexander, who died unmarried in 1639.

6. Hector of Assynt, who married a daughter of Hugh Fraser of Belladrum, with issue. Sasine to him in 1650.

7. A daughter, who as his second wife married John Chisholm, XVI. of Chisholm, with issue - his heir and successor.

8. Another, who married Sir Alexander Innes of Coxtoune. He has a charter from James VI., dated 28th July, 1617, in favour of "Alexandro Mackenzie de Coul, et Christianae Munro ejus spousae terrarum ecclesiasticarum de Uladil, etc.," in Inverness-shire, and he has a second to him and his second wife, of the lands of Pittonachty, Wester Haldock, Pitfla, etc., in the same county, dated 28th June, 1621. He has a third, dated 12th July, 1634, to "Alexandero Mackenzie de Coul, et Kennetho ejus filio, terrarum de Urquhart, etc." He was a very prudent man, and besides the large patrimony bestowed upon each of his children, he left a large sum of money for pious uses and for the children of several of his relations. He died in March, 1650, very advanced in years, at Pittonachty, was buried in a tomb which he caused to be built for himself at Chanonry, and was succeeded in the lands of Applecross by his eldest son,

I. RODERICK MACKENZIE, who shall be described as first of Applecross - his father having been both of Applecross and Coul. He married Finguala, daughter of Murdoch Mackenzie, II. of Redcastle, with issue -

1. John "Mollach" his heir and successor.

2. Colin, I. of Sanachan, who married a daughter of Murdo Mackenzie of Sand, Gairloch, with issue.

3. Sibella, who married first, Alexander Macleod, V. of Raasay, with issue; secondly, Thomas Graham of Drynie, and thirdly, Alexander Mackenzie, VI. of Hilton, with issue - his heir and successor.

4. A daughter, who married Lachlan Mackinnon, eldest son of Mackinnon of Scalpa, Tutor of Mackinnon of Mackinnon, with issue.

5. A daughter, who married the eldest son and heir of William Mackenzie, Shieldaig, Gairloch.

He had the estate of Applecross given him as his patrimony during the life of his father, whom he predeceased on the 6th of July, 1646, and was buried in his father's tomb at Chanonry. He was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. JOHN MACKENZIE, second of Applecross, known as "Ian Mollach," or Hairy John, who married a daughter of Hugh Fraser of Belladrum, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor,

2. Roderick, who married Isabella, daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, VI. of Gairloch, with issue. The descendants of this Roderick now represent the Old Mackenzies of Applecross in the male line John Mackenzie, V. of Applecross, having died without issue, when the estates went by will past his brother Kenneth into the possession of his sister Mary's eldest son, James Mackenzie, IV. of Highfield. Several of Roderick's descendants are still alive, male and female - one of the latter being the widow of the late Farquhar Macrae, Strome Ferry Hotel (north side), who has had a fine family - a son and several daughters.

3. Kenneth, I. of Alduinny, who married a daughter of John Matheson of Bennetsfield, with issue.

4. John, called "Ian Og," one of the four famous Johns killed in 1715, serving under his brother Alexander, Lieutenant-Colonel of Seaforth's 1st Regiment, at Sheriffmuir. He married a daughter of the Rev. John Macrae, last Episcopalian minister of Dingwall, with issue; for which, and the issue of Kenneth of Alduinny, see Findon's Tables.

5. A daughter, who married Sir Donald Bayne of Tulloch, with issue.

6. Catherine, who married Simon Mackenzie, I. of Torridon, with issue.

7. Ann, who in 1684 married Charles Mackenzie, I. of Letterewe, with issue.

8. Mary, who married Thomas Mackenzie, III. of Ord, with issue.

9. Florence, who in 1682 married Charles Mackenzie of Cullen, third son of Colin Mackenzie, II. of Kilcoy, with issue.

John has a sasine in 1663. He purchased the Baronies of Tarradale and Rhindoun. In his grandfather's life-time he had a charter under the Great Seal, "Johanni Mackenzie de Applecross, terrarum de Lochslyne, Newton de Lochslyne, etc." He was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, third of Applecross. He joined the Earl of Mar in 1715, and was Lieutenant-Colonel of Seaforth's 1st Regiment, for which he was attainted of high treason, and the estates forfeited to the Crown. He married, first, Anne, daughter of Alexander Fraser, Tutor of Lovat, by his wife Sibella (Elizabeth), daughter of Kenneth, first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, with issue -

1. Roderick, his heir and successor.

2. Kenneth, a merchant in Inverness, who married a daughter of Rose, Merkinch.

3. Colin, a doctor in Edinburgh, who married Miss Dunbar of Linkwood.

4. Sibella, who in 1697 married the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt, second son of Kenneth Mor, third Earl of Seaforth, with issue - Kenneth, who married Frances, his cousin, daughter of Colonel Alexander, without issue.

5. Anne, who in 1707 married first Alexander Mackenzie, II. of Kinachulladrum, with issue - Anne, his only child in life in 1766; secondly, John MacRae, of Dornie and, thirdly, Colin Mackenzie of the Gruinard family, a goldsmith in Inverness.

6. A daughter, who married the Rev. Archibald Macqueen, minister of Snizort, Skye.

7. Another married William Mackenzie, of Shieldaig.

8. Mary, who married Malcolm Macleod, VIII. of Raasay, with issue - his heir and others.

Alexander married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Mackenzie, of Fairburn, with issue - one son, Simon, in the Foot Guards. He married, thirdly, in 1713, Christian, daughter of Fraser of Belladrum, with issue - a daughter, who married her cousin, Roderick Mackenzie of Achavannie son of John Og, killed at Sheriffmuir.

He was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest son,

IV. RODERICK MACKENZIE, fourth of Applecross, who has a sasine of Kinachulladrum, of which place he is designed in 1721. In 1724 he re-purchased the estate of Applecross from the Court of Enquiry for L3550. He married, first, Anne, only daughter of Alexander Macdonell, XI. of Glengarry, by his first wife, Ann, daughter of Hugh Lord Lovat, with issue -

1. John, his heir and successor.

2. Alexander, a Captain in Marjoribanks' Regiment, in the Dutch service, who died unmarried.

3. Kenneth, a watchmaker in London, died unmarried. On the 17th of August, 1737, he was entered as an apprentice to Thomas Gordon, clock and watchmaker, for six years.

4. Mary, who married James Mackenzie, III. of Highfield, whose eldest son Thomas, IV. of Highfield, inherited Applecross from his uncle John.

5. Anne, who married, first, Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Lentran; and secondly, as his second wife, Alexander Mackenzie, VIII. of Davochmaluag, with issue - an only daughter, Anne.

6. Another daughter who married the Rev. John Maclean, minister of Kintail.

Roderick married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, first Baronet and IV. of Scatwell, and widow of Aeneas Macleod of Cadboll, with issue - an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married Alexander Chisholm, XXII. of Chisholm, with issue - his heir and others.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

V. JOHN MACKENZIE, fifth of Applecross, who married Anne, only daughter of Sir Colin Mackenzie, IV of Coul, without issue. He willed the estate of Applecross away from his brother Kenneth [This John, the last of this family, deprived his brother, Kenneth, of the property, and passed it in favour of Thomas Mackenzie of Highfield, his sister's son. In order to set aside the legal succession, and to prevent his brother, Kenneth, from marrying, he allowed only L80 yearly for his subsistence during his lifetime, which small allowance made it inadequate for him to rear and support a family, so that in all probability this has been the cause of making the family extinct. After this Kenneth the succession should have reverted back to Roderick Mackenzie, a descendant of Roderick, second son of John, II. of Applecross, who went to Nova Scotia in 1802, or failing the family of this Rory, next to his brother's family, Malcolm, who died a few years ago in Kishorn, and failing heirs of that family to the other descendants of John of Applecross, viz.: Kenneth of Auldinie, and John, killed at Sheriffmuir in 1715. - "MS. of the Family," written in 1828.] to the son of his Sister Mary, Thomas Mackenzie, IV. of Highfield, by whom he was succeeded as

VI. THOMAS MACKENZIE, sixth of Applecross and IV. of Highfield. In 1781 he sold the estate of Highfield to George Gillanders, Commissioner for Seaforth, and about the same time purchased Lochcarron from Sir Alexander Mackenzie of Delvine, for L10,000 sterling. It was previously bought from Seaforth by Sir Alexander for half that sum. He married Elizabeth, only daughter of Donald Mackenzie, V. of Kilcoy, with issue -

1. John, his heir and successor.

2. James, who died unmarried, in India.

3. Colin, who also died unmarried, in India.

4. Donald, a Captain in the 100th Regiment of Foot. He married Anna, daughter of James Macleod, IX. of Raasay, with issue - two sons and six daughters, John; Thomas; and Elizabeth, who died unmarried Flora Loudon, who married General Sir Alexander Lindsay, H.E.I.C.S.; Jane, who married James Thomas Macdonald of Balranald, North Uist, with issue - Alexander, now of Balranald, and others; Anne, who married Christopher Webb Smith, B.C.S.; Isabella Mary, who married Dr Lauchlan Maclean; and Maria, who married John Mackenzie, the famous piper, "Piobaire Ban," with issue.

5. Thomas, who died unmarried.

6. Jean, who died unmarried.

7. Anne, who married Kenneth Mackenzie of Inverinate, brother to Alexander Mackenzie, XI. of Hilton, with issue - Thomas, who succeeded as X. of Applecross, and others. Catherine, Mary, and Elizabeth, died unmarried.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

VII. JOHN MACKENZIE, seventh of Applecross and Lochcarron, who in 1787 married Jane, daughter of Alexander Elphinstone of Glack, Aberdeenshire, with issue -

1. Thomas, his heir and successor.

2. Elizabeth, who succeeded to Applecross; John Alexander; and Frederick, all died young.

Thomas made a new disposition of the estates by which, in consequence of a family quarrel, he cut out his only surviving brother, Captain Donald and his daughters - two sons having previously died unmarried - from the succession. The property, under this new settlement, went, first, to his son and heir, Thomas, and his issue secondly, failing these, to his daughter Elizabeth; and thirdly, failing her and her issue, to Thomas, the eldest son of his sister Anne, who, as already stated, married Kenneth Mackenzie of Inverinate, W.S.; and failing him and his issue, to the other children of the same sister.

Thomas was succeeded by his eldest and only surviving son,

VIII. THOMAS MACKENZIE, eighth of Applecross, who was for many years, and until his death in 1827, Member of Parliament for the County of Ross. He died, unmarried, and was, in terms of the abovenamed settlement, succeeded by his sister,

IX. ELIZABETH MACKENZIE, ninth of Applecross. She was in delicate health when her brother died, and continued so until her death two years after him, in 1829. She was never served heir, and, dying unmarried, she was in terms of her brother's settlement succeeded by her cousin-german,

X. THOMAS MACKENZIE of Inverinate, W.S., Edinburgh, tenth of Applecross, who represented the County of Ross in Parliament from 1837 to 1847. He married Mary, daughter of George Mackenzie of Avoch, with issue -

1. Kenneth John, his heir and successor.

2. George Alexander, a merchant in Liverpool, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Cay of Charlton, with issue - an only daughter, Mabel Georgina. He died in 1874.

3. Thomas, W.S., Edinburgh, who died unmarried.

4. Francis James, who died, unmarried, in 1875.

5. Duncan Davidson, who died, unmarried, in 1863.

6. Margaret.

7. Anne Jane.

8. Geddes Elizabeth, who married John Cay, W.S., Edinburgh.

Thomas sold the estate of Applecross in 1857 to the Duke of Leeds, and Inverinate to the late Sir Alexander Matheson of Ardross and Lochalsh. On his death in 1857, he was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest son,

XI. KENNETH JOHN MACKENZIE, who was born in 1819 and died unmarried in 1868, when he was succeeded as representative of the family by his next brother,

XII. GEORGE ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, who died in 1874, without male issue. He was succeeded as representative of the family by his next brother,

XIII. THOMAS MACKENZIE, Edinburgh, who died unmarried a few years ago, the last male of the Highfield Applecrosses, failing the descendants of Captain Donald, who was disinherited.


ALEXANDER MACKENZIE of Coul and Applecross, son of Colin Cam, XIth Baron of Kintail, by Mary of Davochmaluag, had, among others, whose names are given under APPLECROSS,

I. SIR KENNETH MACKENZIE, first designated of Assynt, but in 1649 he has a sasine of Coul. He was a "man of parts," and in great favour with Charles II., who made him a Baronet by Royal patent with remainder to the heirs male of his body, dated on the 16th of October, 1673. He was also appointed Sheriff-Principal of Ross and Inverness, these counties being then one under the jurisdiction of one Sheriff.

He married, first, Jean, eldest daughter of Alexander Chisholm, XIX. of Chisholm, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor.

2. Simon, I. of Torridon and Lentran, of whom presently.

3. John, I. of Delvine, of whom after Torridon.

4. Roderick, who married a daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, VI. of Davochmaluag.

5. A daughter, who married Colin Mackenzie, IV. of Redcastle, with issue.

6. Agnes, married Sir John Munro of Fowlis, with issue.

7. Jane, who married Alexander Baillie, IX. of Dunain.

8. Christian, who married John Dunbar, Younger of Bennetsfield.

9. Lilias, married John Munro of Inverawe, with issue.

10. Mary, who as his first wife married Kenneth Mackenzie, VI. of Davochmaluag, with issue.

11. Another, who married Gordon of Cluny.

He married, secondly, a daughter of Thomas Mackenzie of Inverlael, with issue - two sons, who died young.

12. Catharine, who married Alexander Mackenzie, II. of Belmaduthy, with issue.

13. A daughter, who married Ross of Aldie.

14. A daughter, who married Evander Maciver of Tour-naig, with issue.

15. Another, married MacIver of Tournaig's brother.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. SIR ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, second of Coul, who married first, Jean, daughter of Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonston, Tutor of Sutherland, with issue -

1. John, his heir and successor.

2. Colin, who succeeded as IV. of Coul.

3. Lucy, who married Angus Mackintosh, X. of Kyllachy.

4. Janet, who in 1695 married Alexander Mackenzie, VII. of Davochmaluag, with issue - an only daughter, Janet, who in 1715 married Aeneas Macleod, of Camuscurry, with issue - an only daughter, Mary, who married John Urquhart of Mount Eagle.

Sir Alexander married secondly, Janet Johnstone of Warriston, with issue - William, Simon, and James; and a daughter, Margaret, who married Andrew Brown of Dolphinton, with issue.

He had a charter under the Great Seal, in 1681, by which his lands of Coul and others were, upon his own resignation, erected into one free barony in favour of himself and his heirs male, holding of the Crown. He afterwards, in 1702, made a deed of entail by which all his estates were settled upon heirs male of his own body. He died shortly after, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. SIR JOHN MACKENZIE, third of Coul, who married first, Margaret, daughter of Hugh Rose of Kilravock, with issue - an only daughter, who married Bayne of Delny. He married, secondly, in 1703, Helen, daughter of Patrick Lord Elibank, with issue - two daughters, one of whom married Sir George Hope of Kirkliston, Baronet. The other died unmarried. He joined the Earl of Mar in 1715, was attainted for high treason, and dying without issue male the titles and estates were assumed by his next brother,

IV. SIR COLIN MACKENZIE, fourth of Coul, who was Clerk to the Pipe in the Exchequer, an office which he held during his life. He married Henrietta, daughter of Sir Patrick Houston of Houston, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor.

2. William of Achilty and Kinnahaird, who married Mary, daughter of Alexander, VII. of Davochmaluag, with issue - extinct in the male line. John, the last male representative of the family sailed for Melbourne in 1850, in the "Owen Glendower," which has never since been heard of.

3. Anne, who married John Mackenzie, V. of Applecross, without issue.

Sir Colin died in 1740, in the 67th year of his age, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

V. SIR ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, fifth of Coul. He had a charter, under the Great Seal, to himself and his heirs male, as heir to his grandfather, of the whole estate of Coul, in 1742. He married Janet, daughter of Sir James Macdonald, XIII. of Sleat, Baronet, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor.

2. James, who died unmarried.

3. Henrietta, married Thomas Wharton, without issue.

4. Margaret, who married William Mackenzie, IV. and last of Suddie, with issue.

5. Stewart, who married William Dallas of Cantray, with issue.

6. Christina.

7. Janet.

Sir Alexander died in 1792, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

VI. MAJOR-GENERAL SIR ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, Bengal Army, sixth of Coul. He was provincial Commander-in-Chief of Bengal, 1790-1792, and married in 1778, Catherine, daughter of Robert Ramsay, with issue - one son, who on his death in 1795, succeeded him as

VII. SIR GEORGE STEWART MACKENZIE, F.R.S., seventh of Coul. He was born on the 22nd of June, 1780, and married, first, on the 8th of June, 1802, Mary, daughter of Donald Macleod of Geanies, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor.

2. William, who succeeded as IX. of Coul.

3. George, who died unmarried in 1839.

4. Robert-Ramsay, who succeeded as X. of Coul.

5. The Rev. John, Free Church minister of Ratho. He was born in 1813, and married, in 1839, Eliza, daughter of the celebrated Thomas Chalmers, D.D., without issue. He died in London in 1878. She died in 1892.

6. Donald Macleod, Rear Admiral, R.N. He was born in 1815 and married, in 1865, Dorothea, daughter of Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, G.C.B., without issue.

7. The Rev. James, who in 1847 married Philadelphia, daughter of Sir Percival Hart Dyke of Lullingstone, Kent, Baronet, and died without issue in 1857.

8. Margaret. 9. Catherine. 10. Mary. All died unmarried.

Sir George married, secondly, on the 27th of October, 1836, Catherine, daughter of Sir Henry Jardine of Harwood, with issue -

11. Henry Augustin Ornano, who, born on the 24th of April, 1839, married Mary Ann, daughter of Louis Botte, with issue - four sons and a daughter.

He died in 1848, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

VIII. SIR ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, eighth of Coul, an officer in the Bengal army. He died unmarried on the 3rd of January, 1856, and was succeeded by his next brother,

IX. SIR WILLIAM MACKENZIE, ninth of Coul. He was born on the 20th of May, 1806, and on the 16th of August, 1858, married Agnes, daughter of Ross Thomson, of Ardmore, Derry, and died without issue on the 21st of December, 1868, when he was succeeded by his next surviving brother,

X. SIR ROBERT RAMSAY-MACKENZIE, tenth of Coul, who, born on the 21st of July, 1811, married in September, 1846, Louisa Alexandrina, daughter of Richard Jones, member of the Legislative Assembly of Sydney, New South Wales, with issue -

1. Arthur George Ramsay, his heir and successor.

2. Mary Louisa, who on the 9th of May, 1871, married Alexander Archer, of Brisbane, Queensland, without issue. They both perished in the wreck of the "Quetta" on her way home from Australia.

3. Katherine Elizabeth.

4. Louisa Stewart, who on the 26th of February, 1885, married James G. L. Archer, of Gracemere, Queensland, and Laurvig, Norway.

5. Frances Philadelphia.

In 1867 Sir Robert was appointed Premier of the Executive Council and Colonial Treasurer of Queensland, having previously held the offices of Colonial Secretary and Treasurer. He died on the 19th of September, 1873, when he was succeeded by his only son,

XI. SIR ARTHUR GEORGE RAMSAY-MACKENZIE, eleventh and present Baronet of Coul. He was born on the 2nd of May, 1866, and is still unmarried.


I. SIMON MACKENZIE, first of Torridon and Lentran, was second son of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, first Baronet of Coul, by his first wife, Jean, daughter of Alexander Chisholm, XIX. of Chisholm. He has a sasine of the half of Arcan on disposition in 1697. He married Catharine, daughter of John Mackenzie, II. of Applecross. She has a sasine in 1672 and another in 1694. By her he had issue -

1. Kenneth, his heir and successor.

2. Alexander, I. of Lentran, Tarradale, and Rhindoun, who married, first, Anne, daughter of Roderick Mackenzie, IV. of Applecross (sasine 1745), with issue - (l) Alexander, who died young; (2) Roderick of Tarradale, a Captain in Marjoribanks' Regiments, killed in America, without issue; (3) John Mackenzie of Arcan, secretary to the Highland Society of London, so well known as "John Mackenzie of the Temple," and intimately connected with the editing and publication of Macpherson's Gaelic Ossian. He succeeded to the property, but afterwards sold or alienated it - Rhindoun to the Chisholm Tarradale to his nephew, Dr Murchison; and Arcan to his sister, Elizabeth, widow of John Mackenzie of Sanachan. He died unmarried in 1803, the last male representative of the Lentran Mackenzies. Alexander's daughters were - (1) Anne, who married Donald Macrae, Camusluinie, Kintail, with issue; (2) another, who married Alexander Murchison of Achtertyre, with issue; (3) Janet, who married William Mackenzie of Strathgarve, with issue; (4) Catharine, who married Colin Green, Scatwell, without issue; (5) Isabella, who married, first, Colonel Mackay of Bighouse, Sutherlandshire, without issue; and secondly, her cousin, John Mackenzie, I. of Delvine, with issue; and (6) Elizabeth, who married Captain John Mackenzie, III. of Sanachan and Tullich, Lochcarron, who in right of his wife succeeded to Arcan. She died without issue. Alexander married secondly Abigail, daughter of Charles Mackenze of Cullen. She has a sasine in 1715.

3. A daughter, who married Archibald Macdonald of Barisdale, with issue.

4. Anne, who in 1694 married Farquhar Macrae of Inverinate, with issue.

5. Catherine, married Roderick Mackenzie of Aulduinny.

6. Florence, who married Colin Mackenzie, II. of Cleanwaters, with issue - Alexander. Simon was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. KENNETH MACKENZIE, second of Torridon, who in 1703 married Ann, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, VII. of Gairloch, with issue -

1. John, his heir and successor.

2. Mary, who married Colin Mackenzie, a Bailie of Dingwall, with issue - (1) Kenneth, who married Margaret Macdonald, Skye, with issue - Alexander, who died young in Jamaica; John, Lieutenant 78th Regiment, who died in India, without issue; and Donald, who died young. Kenneth had also several daughters - Janet, who married John Chisholm, Dingwall, where she died, without issue, in 1870, aged 95; Mary, and Margaret Anne, both of whom died unmarried; and Alexanderina, who married Captain Munro, 42nd Highlanders. (2) John, a merchant in Bishopsgate Street, London, who married a daughter of his partner, Alexander Mackenzie of the Coul family, with issue - Colin Alexander, known as "the Ambassador," who died unmarried in 1851; Kenneth, who died young; John, a Colonel H.E.I.C.S.; Alexander, of Christ Church, Oxford, who died unmarried; and Caroline, who married Dr William Wald, without issue. (3) Alexander, who died young. (4) Mary, who married Murdoch Mackenzie, Bailie of Dingwall, without issue. (5) Anne, who married Andrew Robertson, Provost of Dingwall and Sheriff-Substitute of Ross, grandson of Colin Robertson of Kindeace, with issue - Anne, who as his second wife married Sir John Gladstone, Baronet of Fasque, with issue, among others - the great statesman, the Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone of Hawarden, M.P., who as we write is, in his eighty fifth year for the fourth time Prime Minister of Great Britain. (6) Fanny, who married John Mackenzie of Kinellan, with issue - Colin, who died young; Alexander, who married Mary Macdonald; Margaret, who married Farquhar Matheson and Mary, Christy, and Janet, all of whom died unmarried. (7) Betsy, who married a Mr Simpson; and (8) Elizabeth.

Kenneth died before 1738 and was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. JOHN MACKENZIE, third of Torridon. He fought at Culloden, and is said to have been "one of the prettiest men in Scotland."

The following is from a letter by his grandson, the late Bishop Mackenzie of Nottingham, dated the 10th of September, 1878, in answer to a request by the author that he should kindly communicate anything he knew about his more immediate ancestors:

He led into action the few Mackenzies who fought in that battle. He was a nephew of Macdonald of Keppoch, one of the seven men of Moidart, and was personally requested by Lady Seaforth to take up arms for the Prince, and he attached himself, with the personal following who attended him, to his uncle's standard. The Macdonalds, in Strong resentment for having been placed on the left instead of the right of Charles Edward, refused to charge when ordered by their commander. Keppoch, uttering the touching exclamation, "My God! that I should live to be deserted by my own children then charged, accompanied by my grandfather and his small following. He soon fell pierced by balls and then, while my grandfather wept over him, exhorted him to leave the field as the brief action was already over, and the dragoons were already scattering over the field in pursuit.

Some of the Macdonalds placed themselves under their Chief's favourite nephew, as he is called in Scott's account of the battle. Tradition says that some of them were disposed to run when they saw parties of the dragoons approaching them, but that Torridon, spoke briefly, "Keep together men. If we stand shoulder to shoulder these men will be far more frightened at us than we can be of them. But remember, if you scatter, they have four legs to each of your two, and you will stand singly but small chance against them." They took his advice, and he led them in fair order off the field. It is further reported that he was proscribed after the battle, and that his life was saved by Sir Alexander Macdonald of Sleat, ancestor of the present Lord Macdonald, who was one of the Royal Commissioners. Sir Alexander urged that Torridon was a young and inexperienced man, and not likely to be dangerous to the Government, on account of the distance and comparative smallness of his wild Highland estate however, it is said that he added - "Torridon is a great favourite with the ladies, and if you "hang Torridon" it is certain that half the ladies of the country will "hang themselves."" This reasoning is said to have prevailed and it is certain that the estate descended to my eldest brother in right of inheritance, without having been confiscated.

John, who entertained Prince Charles in 1745, married Isobel, daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, II. of Dundonnel (sasine in 1741), with issue -

1. Kenneth, his heir and successor.

2. John, who succeeded as V. of Torridon.

3. Janet, who married, as his second wife, Captain Alexander, second son of Sir Roderick Mackenzie, second Baronet and V. of Scatwell, with issue. She died in 1808.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

IV. KENNETH MACKENZIE, fourth of Torridon. He sold the estate to his brother John. He married Miss Cockerell, daughter of a solicitor, in London, with issue -

1. Kenneth Cockerell, who married, with issue - (1) Kenneth Cockerell, who died without issue; (2) John Scott, of the Manchester and Liverpool Railway Company, who married and in 1859 died, leaving issue - an only son, who since died without issue.

2. Isabella, who died without issue.

Kenneth was succeeded by his next brother,

V. JOHN MACKENZIE, fifth of Torridon, who had previously purchased the estate from him, and whose descendants became the heirs male of his predecessors, Kenneth's descendants having, as already shown, become extinct. He married Anne Isabella, daughter of Isaac Van Dam, West Indies, with issue -

1. John, his heir and successor.

2. Anthony Van Dam, who died unmarried in 1824.

3. Rev. Charles, Prebendary of St. Paul's Cathedral.

4. Rev. Henry, consecrated Bishop Suffragan of Nottingham in 1870. He resigned his Episcopal duties in 1877, but retained the title of Bishop, and the offices of Arch-dean of Nottingham, and Canon and Sub-Dean of the Cathedral of Lincoln. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Ridley, of Demerara, with issue - an only daughter, Edith, who married the Rev. H. Fellowes. He married, secondly, Antoinette, daughter of Sir James Henry Turing of Foveran, Baronet, with issue - a large family of whom 11 survived. He died in 1878.

John died in 1820, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

VI. JOHN MACKENZIE, sixth of Torridon, who married Katharine Yallop, and died without issue in 1852. He sold the estate to James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie of Seaforth, and was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest surviving brother,

VII. THE REV. CHARLES MACKENZIE, Prebendary of St. Paul's Cathedral, who married Henrietta, daughter of Henry Simonds, of Reading, Berkshire, with issue -

1. Henry Douglas, who married Miss Suttar, Bathurst, N.S.W., with issue - Dudley B. Douglas, and two daughters.

The Rev. Charles had also four daughters.


I. JOHN MACKENZIE, first of this family, was third son of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, first Baronet of Coul, by his first wife, Jean Chisholm of Chisholm. He married first, his cousin Isabella, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Lentran, with issue - one son, George, who married, and died before his father, without issue in 1772. He married, secondly, a daughter of Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonston, with issue - William, who married, and died in England before his father, without issue. He married, thirdly, Margaret, daughter of Hay of Alderston, with issue -

1. Alexander, who on the death of his half-brother George, became his father's heir.

2. Kenneth (who died in 1756), Professor of Law in the University of Edinburgh. He married Grizel Hume, daughter of Browne, I. of Dolphinton, with issue - two sons and two daughters. The second son, Andrew, was a W.S., and married a daughter of Campbell of Achlyne, with issue. The daughters died unmarried. The eldest son, John, succeeded his father-in-law, and became JOHN MACKENZIE, II. of DOLPHINTON. He in 1773 married Alice, daughter of Robert Ord, Lord Chief-Justice of the Exchequer, with issue - five sons, four of whom - Robert, Kenneth, John, and George, died unmarried. The second son, Andrew, had a son (with three daughters - Mary, Grace, and Anne) Kenneth, a Major in the 4th Regiment, who married a Miss Solomon in America, with issue - four sons and three daughters. The only surviving son of John succeeded him as RICHARD MACKENZIE, III. OF DOLPHINTON, who died in 1850. He married Jane, daughter of Captain Hamilton, 73rd Regiment, with issue - JOHN ORD MACKENZIE, IV. of Dolphinton, W.S., who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, with issue. Richard had also three other sons, Kenneth, Richard James, and George.

3. Thomas, who died young.

4. John, Chief Clerk of Session, who married Miss Renton of Lamerton, without issue.

5. Donald, a Surgeon in the Army, who died unmarried in 1741.

6. Anne, who married Alexander Robertson of Faskally, with issue, and died in 1772.

7. Helen, who married Crawford Balfour of Bingry.

8. Rebecca, who married John Mackenzie, IV. of Belmaduthy, with issue; and five other daughters, Janet, Catharine, Mary, Christina, and Jane, all of whom died unmarried.

John Mackenzie, I. of Delvine, died in 1731, when he was succeeded by his second and eldest surviving son,

II. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, second of Delvine, who married, with issue - an only daughter,

III. MARGARET MACKENZIE, third of Delvine, who married George Muir of Cassencarie, with issue - an only son. She died in 1767, and was succeeded by her son,

IV. SIR ALEXANDER MUIR-MACKENZIE, created first Baronet of Delvine on the 9th of November, 1805. He married in September, 1787, Jane, daughter of Sir Robert Murray of Hillhead and Clermont, Baronet, with issue - one son, and eight daughters, seven of whom died unmarried. The eldest, Susan, married in 1817 Robert Smythe of Methven. He died in 1832, when he was succeeded by his only son,

V. SIR JOHN WILLIAM PITT MUIR-MACKENZIE, second Baronet and fifth of Delvine. He married Sophia Matilda, fifth daughter of James Raymond Johnstone of Alva, County Clackmannan, with issue -

1. Alexander, his heir and successor.

2. Robert-Smythe, late Lieutenant-Colonel, R.A. He was born on the 27th of November, 1842, and married on the 17th of October, 1872, Anne-Elizabeth-Augusta, daughter of Captain Charles Kinnaird Johnstone Gordon of Craig, Aberdeenshire, with issue - Robert Cecil, born in 1876, and Georgina Sophia.

3. Cecil Cholmeley, Lieutenant Royal Engineers. He was born in 1843 and died on the 2nd of November, 1863, unmarried.

4. Kenneth Augustus, M.A., C.B., bencher of Lincoln's Inn, Q.C., barrister-at-law. He was born in 1845, Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor since 1880, and Clerk of the Crown in Chancery since 1884. He married in 1874 Amy, daughter of William Graham, M.P., for Glasgow, with issue - William Montague, and three daughters.

5. Montague Johnstone, barrister, late Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford, Recorder of Sandwich. He was born in 1847, and married in 1888, the Hon. Sarah Napier Bruce, daughter of Lord Aberdare, with issue - a daughter, Enid.

6. John William Pitt, Magistrate Indian Civil Service. He was born in 1855, and married on the 2nd of August, 1876, Fanny Louisa, second daughter of Lieutenant-General Montague Cholmeley Johnstone, with issue - two sons and two daughters.

7. Georgina Mary, who on the 24th of November, 1871, married Sir Charles Sebright, K.C.M.G., and died on the 24th of January, 1874.

8. Lucy Jane Eleanora, who on the 20th of October, 1859, married Bentley, youngest son of William Murray of Monkland, with issue. She died in 1874.

9. Susan Anne Eliza, unmarried.

Sir John died on the 1st of February, 1855, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,

VI. SIR ALEXANDER MUIR-MACKENZIE, third and present Baronet of Delvine. He was Captain in the 78th Highlanders and subsequently Major in the Highland Borderers Infantry Militia. He was born on the 26th of July, 1840, and on the 21st of February, 1871, married Frances Rose, sixth daughter of Sir Thomas Moncrieffe, Seventh Baronet of Moncrieffe, without issue.


I. JOHN MACKENZIE, first of this family, was a natural son of George, second Earl of Seaforth. He has a charter of Little Gruinard and other lands in 1669, in which he is described as then "of Meikle Gruinard." He married before 1655, Christian, daughter of Donald Mackenzie, III. of Loggie (sasine in that year as his wife), with issue -

1. George, his heir, whom his mother describes in a sasine, dated 10th August, 1685, as "George Mackenzie, my eldest lawful son."

2. Kenneth, who married Frances Herbert, daughter of William, Marquis of Powis, and widow of Kenneth, fourth Earl of Seaforth, without issue.

3. John, a doctor in Inverness five other sons and eight daughters, all married, several of them with issue.

John was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. GEORGE MACKENZIE, second of Gruinard, who has a sasine in 1696, married, first, Margaret, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, II. of Ballone (marriage contract 1696) with issue -

1. George, his heir and successor.

2. Kenneth, who married a daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, III. of Suddie, with issue.

3. Colin, a goldsmith in Inverness, who married Anne, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, III. of Applecross, with issue - two daughters.

4. Simon, who married Mary, daughter of John Mackenzie, II. of Ardloch, with issue.

5. Captain Donald of Woodlands, who married Janet daughter of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, third Baronet and X. of Gairloch, without issue.

6. Roderick, who married Barbara, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Ardloch, widow of John, third son of Kenneth Mackenzie, II. of Dundonnel, with issue - four daughters.

7. William.

8. Kenneth.

9. William, Lieutenant R.N., who married Ann, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Ardloch, with issue - an only daughter, Mary Howard, who married Dr Grant, Inverness, with issue - four sons and seven daughters.

10. George.

11. Captain John of Castle Leod, who married Geddes, daughter of his uncle, Simon Mackenzie. He bought the estate of Avoch with money left him by Admiral George Geddes Mackenzie, his wife's brother. By this marriage he had issue - George of Avoch, a merchant in London (with several other sons and daughters), who married Margaret, daughter of the Rev. William Mackenzie, minister of Glenmuick, with issue - (1) Geddes, who in 1812, married Sir Alexander Mackenzie, the celebrated North American explorer, and discoverer of the Mackenzie River, with issue - Alexander George of Avoch; George Alexander; and Geddes Margaret; (2) Margaret, who married Thomas Mackenzie, X. of Applecross, with issue.

George had three other sons and nine daughters by this marriage, making twenty-three in all. He married, secondly, Elizabeth, natural daughter of President Forbes of Culloden, who has a sasine of Meikle Gruinard in 1729 "to Elizabeth Forbes, his spouse," with issue - four sons and six daughters, making the extraordinary total of thirty-three children, nineteen of whom are known to have married, many of them into the best families in the north.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. JOHN MACKENZIE, third of Gruinard, who married first in 1713 Catherine, daughter of George Mackenzie, I. of Culbo, third son of Alexander Mackenzie, II of Belmaduthy, with issue -

1. William, his heir and successor.

2. John, of whom nothing is known.

3. Annabella, who married the Rev. Murdo Morrison, Stornoway, with issue.

4. Lilias, who married Rev. James Macaulay, Gairloch.

5. Isabella, who married Alexander Mackenzie, Little Gruinard, with issue.

John married secondly, a daughter of Mackenzie of Sand.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

IV. WILLIAM MACKENZIE, fourth or Gruinard, who married Lilias, daughter or John Mackenzie, I. of Lochend, with issue -

1. Simon, Captain 78th Regiment, who died before his father, returning from India, unmarried.

2. George, who was killed by a fall before his father's death, in Jamaica, unmarried.

3. John, who became his father's heir and successor.

4. Alexander, Colonel in the army, "a most distinguished soldier." He served with the 36th Regiment throughout the Peninsular War, and in the course of his service was dangerously wounded in the neck, lost an eye, and had two horses killed under him. He was a gallant and distinguished officer, in every sense a thorough Highlander. He married first, Eliza, daughter of Colonel George Mackenzie, son of John Mackenzie, I. of Lochend, with issue - (1) George, a Captain in the 36th (his father's) Regiment, killed while leading an escalading party at the assault of Burgos, unmarried; (2) Alexanderina, who married Alexander Grove, M.D., R.N., at Greenwich Hospital, with issue - three daughters. Colonel Alexander married, secondly, Eliza, daughter of Captain James Graeme, R.N., with issue - (3) George, who died unmarried in 1842; (4) Major-General Alexander Mackay Mackenzie, who became the representative of the family; (5) William, who died young; (6) Eliza; (7) Lilias, who married Sir John W. Fisher, M.D., without issue; and (8) Janet, who married W. F. B. Staples, barrister, with issue.

5. Catherine, who married the Rev. Donald Mackintosh, Gairloch, with issue - five daughters, one of whom, Annabella, married Murdo Macrae, with issue.

6. Margaret, who died unmarried.

William, IV. of Gruinard, raised a Company of Highlanders in 1778 for Lord Seaforth's Regiment. Simon, his eldest son, went to India in command of it, and, as already stated, died on his return voyage, from the accidental bite of a favourite Arab horse which he brought along with him when lock-jaw supervened and caused his death.

William was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,

V. JOHN MACKENZIE, fifth of Gruinard, Captain 73rd Regiment, who married Margaret, daughter of Gun Munro of Braemore, Caithness, with issue -

1. William, his heir and successor.

2. Christina, who married John Campbell, Poolewe, with issue - several sons and daughters.

In 1795 he sold the property - which in his time comprised Meikle Gruinard, Udrigle, and Sand, "with the pendicle thereof called Little Gruinard" - to Duncan Davidson of Tulloch, whose son re-sold it to the late Meyrick Bankes of Letterewe. He was succeeded as representative of the family by his only son,

VI. WILLIAM MACKENZIE, Captain 72nd Regiment, said to have been the handsomest man in his day in the Highlands. In 1829 he unsuccessfully claimed the Chiefship of the clan. (See pp. 351-355). He married Margaret, daughter of Wilson of Wilsonton, with issue -

1. John, who died young; and three daughters, two of whom, both named Mary, died young. The third, Margaret Innes, married Lachlan Maclachlan, Killinochannich, Argyleshire, without issue.

Captain William having died without male issue, was succeeded as representative of the family by his cousin,

VII. MAJOR-GENERAL ALEXANDER MACKAY MACKENZIE, eldest surviving son of the distinguished Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, fourth son of William Mackenzie, IV., and brother of Captain John, V. of Gruinard.

He married Marion, daughter of the Rev. William Colville of Newton, Cambridgeshire, with issue -

1. John.

2. Stuart.

3. Lilias.

4. Sybil.

He died in London on the 21st of May, 1879, when a sketch of his career by the present writer, appeared in "Celtic Magazine," vol. IV., pp. 321-327.


I. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, the first of this remarkable family prominently known in the engineering world, was born at Wester Fairburn, in the county of Ross, on the 5th of June, 1769, and educated at the Grammar School, Inverness. He joined an old school-fellow, David Mackintosh, a native of Cawdor, Nairnshire, as a firm of contractors and engineers. They constructed several canals in England, and were very successful. He married Mary, daughter of William Austin, from her great beauty known as one of the "Lancashire Witches," with issue -

1. William, of whom presently.

2. Alexander, C.E., who was born at Hollinwood, Lancashire, in 1796. He married, with issue - (1) William Seager, who married, first, a daughter of Thomas Woodhouse, C.E., with issue; and secondly, a daughter of George Woodhouse, C.E. William was for many years a civil engineer in the employment of the Russian Government, and lived for some time at Nyksa in that country. He afterwards went to Canada, and died in London on the 26th of February, 1887; (2) Kenneth, C.E., killed in a railway accident near Bordeaux, in France, unmarried; (3) Richard, C.E., who married his cousin, Eliza, daughter of John Griffith, and died at Montreal on the 16th of February, 1887; (4) Alexander, CE., who was killed in a railway accident in Canada, without issue; (5) Mary, who married Mr Scott, in Canada.

3. Daniel, who was born in 1799, and died in 1802.

4. John, who was born on the 1st of November, 1804 went to Virginia as a planter, and died there, unmarried.

5. David, born in 1807, and died in 1811.

6. Thomas, who was born in 1808, and died in 1811, the same day as his brother, both being buried in the same grave.

7. Edward, from whom the Mackenzies of Fawley Court, Farr, etc.

8. Sarah, born in 1797, and died unmarried.

9. Margaret, who married John Griffith, with issue - (1) Edward Mackenzie, who settled in the United States, and married a daughter of Colonel Campbell; (2) William Alexander, who settled in Canada and married a daughter of Mr Baldwin, Baldwin House, Boston, United States, without issue. He lives in Quebec. (3) Mary, who married Slack Davis, MA., of Oxford, barrister-at-law, a well-known writer and poet in America, where he died on the 31st of March, 1889; (4) Alice, who married Thomas Musgrave, with issue; (5) Emily Mackenzie, who married Joseph William Painter, barrister, deceased, with issue - several sons, ranching near Denver, Colorado; (6) Harriet, who married William Johnson Shaw, of Buenos Ayres, with issue; and (7) Eliza Ann, who married her cousin, Richard Mackenzie, C.E., Montreal, above mentioned.

10. Mary, born in 1814, and married James Barnard, shipowner, Greenock, without issue. She died in 1875.

11. Eliza, who married Alexander Duckworth, with issue.

Alexander died on the 23rd of February, 1836, aged 66 years, his wife having predeceased him on the 8th of June, 1828. They were both buried at Blackburn, Lancashire. He was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest son,

II. WILLIAM MACKENZIE, afterwards of Newbie, Dumfries-shire, and of Auchenskeoch, County of Kirkcud-bright, who was born at Marsden Chapel on the 20th of March, 1794. He was a celebrated engineer, first beginning his career under David Mackintosh, his father's partner. He subsequently practised his profession under Telford. He made his way very rapidly, taking part in most of the great engineering works - railways, canals, and bridges - of his time; and in the Shannon improvements, in connection with which the Secretary for Ireland complimented him in the highest terms in the House of Commons. After the introduction of railways he constructed the great Lime Street tunnel under Liverpool. He afterwards contracted for and engineered many railways - in some of which be was partner with John Stephenson and others - in Scotland and England, including the Glasgow and Greenock line, the London and Birmingham, the Trent Valley, the Lancaster and Carlisle, the North Union, the Ormskirk, and the Caledonian railway. He and Brassey finding they were tendering against one another, in 1841 joined forces for French railways, and constructed under the firm name of Mackenzie & Brassey (which consisted of himself, his brother Edward, and Brassey) the Paris and Rouen and Paris and Boulogne and Amiens, and several other railways in France, Belgium, and Spain, notably the Barcelona and Seville, and the Paris and Bourdeaux lines. Both King Louis Philippe and his successor Prince Louis Napoleon, then President of the French Republic and afterwards Emperor, showed him many marks of friendship and esteem, the latter having decided to make him a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour just before he died. In 1851, at Tours, at the opening of the Paris and Orleans Railway, Napoleon, grasping him by the band, thus addressed him - "I am happy to see you again so well. I am still happier to have the opportunity of thanking you, as President, for the great and useful works you have executed in France. I shall be glad to confer on you the decoration of the Legion of Honour, and I trust your Government will permit you to wear a distinction so well-merited." On the same occasion Napoleon exchanged portraits with him. Mackenzie, however, died very soon after, before the honour offered him by the President of the French Republic could be formally conferred upon him. In 1844 he was a claimant to the Muirton of Fairburn estate, but he does not seem to have followed it up.

He married, first, on the 9th of November, 1819, Mary, daughter of James Dalziel, Glasgow, a native of Rothesay, county of Bute, without issue. She died on the 19th of December, 1838, aged 49 years. He married secondly, on the 31st of December, 1839, Sarah, daughter of William Dewhurst of Chorley, Lancashire (she died in 1866), also without issue. He died on the 20th of October, 1851, when he was succeeded in his estates, and as representative of the family in this country, by his youngest brother,

III. EDWARD MACKENZIE, who was born at Witton, Lancashire, on the 1st of May, 1811, and who, as has been already seen, was one of the partners of Mackenzie & Brassey. Shortly after the death of his brother William, from whom he inherited Newbie and other estates in the county of Dumfries, and Auchenskeoch in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Edward retired, and in 1853 purchased the Manor and estate of Fawley, in the counties of Buckingham and Oxford, the noble mansion-house of which was rebuilt by Christopher Wren in 1684. He was a J.P., D.L., and in 1862, High Sheriff of Oxfordshire and J.P. for the counties of Buckingham, Dumfries, and Kirkcudbright. He married first, on the 29th of January, 1839, Mary, daughter of William Dalziel of the Craigs, Dumfries-shire, a descendant of the first Earl of Carnwarth, with issue -

1. William Dalziel, his heir and successor.

2. Edward Philippe of Auchenskeoch, in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright; the Craigs, Dumfries-shire, and Downham Hall, Suffolk, educated at Harrow and Oxford. He was formerly a Lieutenant in the 9th Lancers, and Colonel of the Loyal Suffolk Yeomanry Hussars. In 1882 he was High Sheriff of Suffolk, of which county he is a J.P. and D.L., as also J.P. for Norfolk and Dumfries. He was born on the 14th of March, 1849, and married, in October, 1865, Helen Jane, third daughter of Henry Baskerville, J.P. and D.L., of Crowsley Park, Oxfordshire, with issue - a daughter, Beryl Marie Baskerville, who on the 30th of August, 1890, married Colonel Geoffry Barton, C.B., of the 7th Royal Fusiliers, with issue - Philip Geoffry, born in 1891.

3. Austin, educated at Eton, late of Warmanbie, Dumfries-shire, formerly Lieutenant 3rd Battalion Scots Fusiliers, present Master of the Woodland Pytchley Hounds, and J.P for Dumfries-shire and North Hants. He was born on the 10th of October, 1856, and on the 31st of January, 1878, married Lucy, daughter of Major Gustavus Tuite Dalton of Kell, County Meath, half brother of the third Marquis of Headfort, without issue.

4. Keith Ronald, of Gillott's Oxon, who was born on the 17th of May, 1861, educated at Clifton, and is still unmarried.

5. Marie Ada, who in 1869 married John William Rhodes of Hennerton, Berks, formerly Lieutenant 60th Rifles, with issue—John Edward, Lieutenant 60th Rifles; Breda; Victor; Wilfrid; and Violet.

6. Claire Evelyn, who in 1866 married Francis Henry of Elmestree, late 9th Lancers, and now Lieutenant-Colonel Gloucestershire Yeomanry Hussars, with issue - Gilbert Francis, Lieutenant 9th Lancers Vivian, Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers; Edward; Mary; Maud; and Olive.

7. Sarah Rosa, who married John Edward Cooke, with issue—Bertram Hunter; Montague Edward; aud Mignon.

8. Alice Edith, who in 1881 married Major Walter Partridge, late of the 61st Regiment, with issue - two daughters, Edith St. Ives and Maud.

9. Aimee Gertrude, who on the 22nd of October, 1872, married Sir William Robert Clayton, sixth Baronet of Marden Park, without issue.

10. Mary Maude Janetta, unmarried.

Edward Mackenzie married, secondly, in 1864, Ellen daughter of James Mullett, of Tours, France, who survives him, without issue. He died on the 27th of September, 1880, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

IV. WILLIAM DALZIEL MACKENZIE, M.A., Oxford, educated at Harrow, now of Fawley Court, Bucks; Thetford, Norfolk; Farr, Inverness; and Newbie, Dumfries-shire. He was born on the 31st of March, 1840, at Eastbank, Renfrewshire, and is a barrister-at-law of the Inner Temple, and Hon. Major of the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. He was High Sheriff of that county in 1873, is a D.L. of Inverness-shire, and a J.P. of the counties of Dumfries, Kirkcudbright, Bucks, and Oxford, and was for some time a director of the London and North Western Railway Company. He married on the 1st of December, 1863, Mary Anna, eldest daughter of the late Henry Baskerville, J.P., D.L., of Crowsley Park, Oxfordshire, by Mary Anna, daughter of John Standfast Burton, father of Lieutenant-Colonel John Edward Burton-Mackenzie, late 91st Highlanders, now of Kilcoy, with issue -

1. William Roderick Dalziel, who was born on the 2nd of September, 1864. He is Captain in the 2nd Battalion (Inverness Militia) Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, and on the 21st of November, 1888, married Maud Evelyn, eldest daughter of General Sir George Wentworth Higginson, K.C.B., by Florence Virginia Fox, daughter of the first Baron Castletown, with issue - Douglas William Alexander Dalzell, born on the 2nd of October, 1889; Kenneth Fitzpatrick, born on the 13th of June, 1891; and Archibald Edward, who was born in July 1892 and died in March, 1893.

2. Edward Baskerville, Second Lieutenant 2nd Battalion Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (Inverness Militia), who was born on the 11th of December, 1874.

3. Mary Gwendoline, who, on the 15th of November, 1887, married Duncan Davidson of Tulloch, eldest son of the late Duncan Caithness Reay Davidson, by his wife Georgina Elizabeth, daughter of the late Dr John Mackenzie of Eileanach, fourth son of Sir Hector Mackenzie, fourth Baronet and XI. of Gairloch.

4. Isla Jessie, who on the 23rd of February, 1892, married Harry Officer Blackwood, Captain 4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment, and son of the late Richard Blackwood of Hartwood, New South Wales, by a daughter of Sir Robert Officer, K.C.M.G.

5. Aimee Dorothea.

6. Kathleen Helen.


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