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Historical and Political Essays
by William Edward Hartpole Lecky
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INDEX

Aberdare Commission, 303

Addington, 273

American Revolution, 34-37, 55-57, 77, 78

Anne, Queen, 295

Anti-Semite movement, 116-121, 123-125, 128

Arnold, Dr., 251

Australia, 58

Austria, 116, 145

Bacon, 28, 94, 101

Bayard, Mr., 48

Bayle, 97

Beaconsfield, Earl of (B. Disraeli), 126, 151, 153, 207, 211, 214, 215, 217, 283; imperialism, 46; policy regarding Eastern Crisis, 222; relations with Lord Derby, 223; Queen Victoria's regard for, 296

Beer, George, 56

Bentham, J., 43, 101

Bernard, Claude, 121

Bismarck, Prince, 288, 289, 317

Blackley, Canon, 310

Blennerhassett, Lady, 131-133, 145, 148, 149

Blomfield, Bishop, 263

Bossuet, 96-98

Boulanger, General, 116

Bright, 207, 208

British Empire, growth, 51, 53, 64; defence, 61, 65; unity, 45, 48, 51, 62, 67

Browning, Robert, 105, 251

Buckle, H.T., 29, 100-102, 251, 269

Burke, Edmund, 28, 54, 55, 151, 295

Butler's 'Analogy,' 91, 92

Caird, Principal, 294

Canada, 59, 60

Canning, 151, 174, 188, 189, 198, 199; attitude towards Catholic Question, 156, 160, 161, 166-170, 172, 188; quoted, 213

Cardan, quoted, 10

Carlyle, Thomas, 47, 91, 216, 247, 251; school of, 29; style, 105; characteristics, 106-113; teaching, 107, 108, 110-115

Caroline, Queen, 295

Castlereagh, Viscount, 156, 157, 160, 161, 167, 169, 170, 188

Catherine, of Russia, Empress, 291, 295

Catholic Emancipation, 78-86, 152, 153, 157-174, 187-190, 193, 194, 197; see also under Ireland

Cato, 15

Chamberlain, Joseph, 303-304, 309

Charlemagne, 17-19, 266

Charlemont, 73, 81

Chartism, 108, 115

Chatham, Lord, 85, 86, 138, 151, 157-160, 165, 186, 273

Chaucer, 18, 117

Chivalry, 17, 19, 295

Chrysostom, Dio, 16

Church, Dean, 250, 265

Clarendon, Lord, 244, 246, 280

Cobden, Richard, 44, 46, 62

Colenso, Bishop, 272

Coleridge, 22, 96, 112, 147

Colonial policy of Great Britain, 43-46, 52, 53, 55-61

Colonies, British: defence, 49, 56, 65; federation, 63, 64; governors, 52, 54, 60; representation, 51, 65, 66; trade, 47, 56, 63-65, 225; value of, 47-50; attachment to the Crown, 277

Comte, 100

Constant, Benjamin, 142, 144, 148

Constitutional sovereignty, 277

Co-operation, 108, 217, 299

Croker, 177, 178

Crusades, 18, 19, 266

Curchod, Mlle., see Necker, Mme.

Curwen's Act, 177

Dalling, Lord, 151

Darwin and his teaching, 90, 101, 114, 247, 251

Davies, Sir John, quoted, 70

Delane, J.T., 243

De Quincey, 107

Derby, 14th Earl of, 201, 202, 204-206, 208-210, 212, 214, 215

Derby, 15th Earl of: career, 200, 205-213, 215, 217, 218, 222-224, 234, 235; views on Church questions, 205, 210, 214, 232, 233; on Reform Bill, 210; Indian policy, 205, 209, 210; foreign policy, 212, 213, 217-224; colonial policy, 208, 224, 225, 228-230; attitude towards Home Rule, 234; contemporary opinion of him, 206-209, 211-213, 219, 220; marriage 215; interest in social questions, 205, 206, 212, 216, 217, 224, 235; in working men, 205, 206, 210, 216, 217, 237; tastes, 239, 240; conversation, 240, 241; estimate of his talents and character, 202-204, 207, 209, 212, 217, 219-224; speeches, 202, 205, 211, 212, 214, 215, 217, 222-224, 229, 234-236

Dicey, Professor 89

Disraeli, B., see Beaconsfield

Duigenan, 169, 174

Eastern Question, Lord Derby's views on, 218-223

Edinburgh Review, 242, 243, 246, 247

Education, popular, 108, 185

Eldon, Lord, 160, 174, 189, 190, 192, 253

Elizabeth, Queen, 291, 295; inscription on tomb of, 187

Ellenborough, Lord, 208, 209

Emerson, R.W., 96, 104

Emigration, 49, 50, 53, 108

Erasmus, 257

'Essays and Reviews,' 90

Faber, 250

Factory legislation, 108

Federation, 63, 64, 225

Feudalism, 17, 69, 110

Fitzwilliam, Lord, 85

Flood, 73, 81

Foster, Leslie, 195

Fox, 158, 162, 174

France, 73, 97, 98, 116

Franklin, Benjamin, 94

Fraser's Magazine, 104

Free Trade, 44, 45, 47, 63, 64, 78, 225

French Revolution, 28, 37, 38, 82, 139, 141, 142

Froude, J.A., 251, 269

Galdos' 'Gloria,' 117

George II., 295

George III. and Catholic Emancipation, 85, 86, 157-162, 194

George IV., as Prince Regent, 162, 163, 165, 166; as King, 188-191, 194

German literature, 146, 147

Germany, 106, 107, 116, 118, 145, 260, 262, 310, 317

Gibbon, 3, 134, 263, 264

Giffen, Sir Robert, 307, 308

Gladstone, W.E., 214, 246, 249, 250, 283, 286-288

Goethe, 107, 147

Gordon, General, 286

Goulburn, 196, 197

Grattan, 78, 81, 82, 84, 161, 163, 164, 166, 168-171, 174, 186, 187, 195, 197

Grenville, George, 36, 56, 57

Grenville, Lord, 158, 161, 162, 166

Greville, Charles, 206, 207, 209, 243

Grey, Lord, 166, 280

Grote, 251, 269

Guizot, 151, 244

Gustavus III., King of Sweden, 138

Hallam, A., 96, 251, 269

Harcourt, Sir William, quoted, 290

Hastings, Warren, 54, 55

Haussonville, M. d', 134, 138

Hawkesbury, Lord, 161

Hawtrey, Provost, 265

Heber, Bishop, 255

High Church movement, 90, 92, 249-251, 270

Hippisley, Sir John, 163, 169

Historians, qualities requisite, 2, 4-6, 10-12; motto for, 10; scientific school, 2-4; literary, 3; methods, 7, 8, 22, 23; applied to religion, 97-99; eighteenth century, 22, 23; fatalist school, 29, 30; individualist school, 29, 31

History: biographical element, 7, 9; individual influences, 12, 13; fiction and, 20; accident as affecting, 31, 100; of institutions, 27, 28; of revolutions, 29, 30, 34-38; speculations, 32, 33; advantages of studying, 38-40; moral lessons, 40, 42

Hobbes, 94, 98, 99

Home Rule, see under Ireland

Homer, 16, 22

Ideals, varying popular, 14-19

Imperial Institute, 43

Imperialism, 46-51, 63, 64, 296

India, 44, 46-48, 54, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 277

Ireland (see also Ulster): invasions, 69; rebellions, 71, 82, 83, 85, 157; influence of the Reformation, 70; under the Stuarts, 71; trade, 71, 72, 75, 78; effects of English Revolution, 71, 72; of American Revolution, 77, 78; of French Revolution, 82; Young's views on, 76, 77; Catholics and Protestants, 70-79, 81-87; Volunteer movement, 78, 87; political agitation, 77, 78, 82, 87, 88; union with Great Britain, 74, 75, 81, 83-85, 157; Catholic Emancipation, 81-86, 157-174, 189, 194-198; corruption, 175-179, 181, 183; discontent, 165, 183, 184, 189, 194; tithe commutation, 185-187; Church disestablishment, 214, 215, 250, 283; land tenure, 70, 75-77, 86, 87; landlords, 75-77, 79, 86, 87; Home Rule, 25, 87-89, 234, 246, 286, 296; Queen Victoria's visit, 290, 291; present condition, 86, 87; representation in Parliament, 86

Irish Acts of Parliament, of settlement, 71; octennial, 77; of 1793, 85, 158, 159; of union, 74, 75, 81, 83-85

Irish Parliament, 71, 72, 74, 75, 77-83, 85

Irishmen, United, 81, 84, 85

Isabella of Spain, Queen, 295

Italian art, 103

Italy, 97, 98, 145, 146

Jefferson, quoted, 37, 38

Jeffrey, 107

Jewish type, stability of, 120, 121; trade, 118, 119, 121; writings, modern investigation of, 8, 9, 257-259, 261, 262, 271, 272

Jews, calumnies against, 117, 118; characteristics, 118-130; code, 121; compared with other tribes, 119; continuity of race, 119, 120; distinguished, 126-129; persecution of, 116-121, 123-126; return of, to Palestine, 129, 130; Milman's 'History of the', 257, 258, 262, 272

Kant, Immanuel, 92, 147, 247

Keats, John, 256

Keble, John, 250, 270

Kruger, President, 226-228

Landor, Walter Savage, quoted, 22

Leroy, Beaulieu, M. Anatole, 116-128

Lewis, Sir G. Cornewall, 45, 153, 246, 273

Liverpool, Lord, 156, 166, 168, 182, 188, 192-194, 197-199

Lloyd, Dr., 192

Locke, 96, 101

Lockhart, 255

Loughborough, Lord, 186

Louis Napoleon, see Napoleon III.

Lyall, Sir Alfred, 240

Macaulay, Lord, 3, 6, 8, 55, 204, 246, 251, 268, 269, 272, 273

Macleod, Norman, 294

Malmesbury, Lord, 206, 210

Manchester School, 44, 45, 47, 50, 299

Marie Antoinette, Queen, 140, 141

Martin, Sir Theodore, 287

Masson's 'Life of Milton,' 132

Melbourne, Lord, 282, 296

Mill, James, 43, 55

Mill, John Stuart, 90, 96, 206, 210, 251

Milman, Dean, career, 253, 256, 262, 263, 271-274; dramatist, 253; poet, 254, 255; translator, 256; hymns, 255; historian, 257-270; critic, 252, 256-261, 263-267, 269; learning, 269; style, 268, 269; views on miracles, 258-260; on German criticism, 260-262; on Christianity, 268; on Tractarian movement, 270; on clerical subscription, 271; Mr. Reeve and, 246; Dean Stanley and, 271; friendships, 252, 273; private correspondence, 253; social gifts, 272, 273; characteristics, 252, 253, 257, 265, 266, 268, 269, 271, 272-274; works, 252-270, 272, 273; portrait, 274

Milman, Arthur, 252

Milner, Bishop, 163, 164

Milton, 132

Mohammedanism, rise of, 32, 101

Molyneux, 74

Monasticism, 24

Montesquieu, 132, 136

Montmorin, Mme, de, 139

Moral standard, changes in, 14-19, 266

Murray, 254

Napoleon I., 142-146, 149

Napoleon III., 280, 288

Narbonne, Louis de, 138-141

Necker, Mme., 134, 135, 142

Necker, Monsieur, 133, 138, 140, 144, 146, 149

Necker, Germaine, see Stael, Mme. de

Newcastle, Duke of, 45, 189

Newman, Cardinal, 90, 96, 249-251, 269, 270

O'Connell, 164, 165, 171, 174, 189, 192, 193, 286

Old-age pensions, 307, 309, 311-316; proposals for, 300, 309, 310, 313; Royal Commission, 303; Rothschild Committee, 304, 305; Chaplin Committee, 305, 307

Orangemen, 84, 173, 189, 190

Palestine, return of Jews to, 129, 130

Paley, 95, 260

Palmerston, Lord, 46, 178, 206-209, 211, 246, 279-282

Parker, editor of Peel Correspondence, 153, 156, 192

Parnell, C.S., 186

Parnell Commission, 88, 89

Parsons, 73, 84

Pasteur, 121

Pauperism, diminution of, 298-309

Peel, Sir Lawrence, 156

Peel, Sir Robert, education, 154, 155; career, 151, 153-156, 168, 172, 177, 187, 188, 194; abolition of Corn Laws, 152, 153; Irish Secretary, 156, 157, 167, 174-187; relations with O'Connell, 174; correspondence, 153, 173, 175-185, 189, 190, 191, 197-199; Croker and, 177, 178; advocates unsectarian education for Ireland, 185, 190; Catholic Emancipation, 152, 153, 168-174, 187, 189-191, 193-195, 197-199; financial measures, 187, 194, 195; patronage, 178-183, 191, 192; police force organised, 184, 185; Home Secretary, 188-198; parliamentary skill, 152, 153, 157, 181, 191; debating powers, 172, 173; Queen Victoria and, 282, 286; recantations, 152, 153, 187, 193, 194; estimate of his character and abilities, 151-154, 156, 157, 172, 181, 191

Perceval, 155, 156, 159-161, 165, 166

Pitt, William, see Chatham

Pliny, quoted, 102

Plunket, 84, 168, 174, 188

Pobedonosteff, 117

Pole, Wellesley, 168

Poor-law relief, improvement in, 316, 317; principles of, 298, 299

Portland, Duke of, 159-161

Portugal, Jews in, 120, 121

Prince Consort, 278-280, 282, 284

Prince Regent, see George IV

Prison reform, Carlyle's views on, 114

Pusey, 250

'Quarterly Review,' 256, 257

Rationalism in Europe, author's History of, 103

Redesdale, Lord, 175, 181, 182, 186

Reeve, Henry: education, 243; career, 243, 245, 246; editor of Edinburgh Review, 242, 246, 247; historical knowledge, 246; views on Home Rule, 246; linguistic talent, 243; literary judgment, 246, 247; religious and philosophical views, 247; political and social influence, 242, 244-246; friendships, 243, 244, 247, 248; writings of, 242-244, 247; closing days, 248

Reform Bills, 210, 211, 213

Reformation, causes of the, 29, 30; effect in Ireland, 70

Revolution, American, 34-37; effects of, in Ireland, 77, 78

Revolution, English, effect of, in Ireland, 71, 72; on trade, 72, 74

Revolutions, history of, 29, 30, 34-38

Richmond, Duke of, 165, 167, 187

Ristori, Mme., 245

Rocca, 148, 149

Rogers, Sir Frederick, 45, 46

Roumania, anti-Semite movement in, 116, 118

Rousseau, 96, 132, 136

Ruskin, 251

Russell, Lord John, 46, 47, 211-213, 241, 246, 263, 280, 281, 285

Russia, anti-Semite movement in, 116-118, 124

Salisbury, Lord, 276, 296

Saurin, 165, 168, 169, 174, 183, 188

Schiller, 147

Schleswig-Holstein question, 281, 284, 285

Scotland, Act of Union with, 74

Shaftesbury, Lord, 206, 217

Shelley, P.B., 256, 257

Sidmouth, Lord, 158, 188

Smith, Goldwin, 44, 151

Socialism, 299, 310

Spain, 73, 97, 98, 117, 120, 121, 124, 125

Spencer, Herbert, 90, 109, 247

Stael, Baron de, 138, 140, 142

Stael, Mme. de., parentage, 133, 134; personal appearance, 135; career, 134-138, 142, 145, 148-150; devotion to her father, 138; friendships, 138, 139, 142, 145; literary works, 136, 141, 142, 145-150; Napoleon I., views on, 143, 144; political influence, 139, 140, 142, 144; religious views, 136, 149; travels, 145, 146; characteristics, 136, 137, 141, 145, 148, 149

Stanley, Dean, 251, 260, 271, 294

Stanley, Lord, see Derby, 15th Earl of

Stockmar, Baron, 278

Sullivan, Sir Arthur, 254

Tait, Archbishop, 283

Talleyrand, 134, 139, 142, 144

Taxation of American Colonies, 34-36, 56, 57; democratic principles of, 300

Taylor, Sir Henry, 45, 46

Tennyson, Lord, 90, 251

Tocqueville, 242-244

Trade, Colonial, 47, 56, 63-65; Indian, 47; Irish, 71, 72, 75, 78; Jewish, 118, 119, 121; affected by English Revolution, 72

Transportation to Australia, 58

Transvaal affairs, 225-232, 286

Trinity College, Dublin, 90-92, 96-100, 103

Ulster, 70, 77, 78, 83, 84

United Irishmen, 81, 84, 85

Voltaire, 7, 96, 121, 135

Volunteer movement in Ireland, 78, 87

Victoria, Queen: relations with her Ministers, 279-283, 286-288, 296; memorandum on foreign affairs, 279, 280; political influence, 277, 278, 280, 282-286, 288; patronage, 278; views on foreign policy, 279-281, 283-286; on Irish Church disestablishment, 283; on women's suffrage, 294; on Home Rule, 296; wide experience, 276, 279, 287; letters, 288, 289; journals, 292, 293; widowhood, 275, 292, 296; moral influence, 291, 292; rule of, 275, 277-279, 281-284, 293-295; popularity, 289-291, 293, 296, 297; characteristics, 274-276, 279, 281-283, 287-294, 296, 297; jubilees, 290, 296, 297; visit to Ireland, 290, 291; closing days, 296, 297

Walpole, Spencer, 151

Ward, 250

Watts, 274

Wellesley, Lord, see Wellington, Duke of

Wellington, Duke of, 160, 161, 166, 167, 188-190, 198, 272, 289

Whateley, Archbishop, 92-96, 100, 251

Women rulers, 295

Working classes, improvement in their condition, 300, 301, 308

York, Duke of, 194, 197-199

Young, Arthur, 76, 77



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- Typographical errors corrected in text: Page 322: added page number 322, to Murray entry. Page 324: Whateley replaced with Whately -

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