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(5) I will make one more remark:—First, these Canons come to us, not from Rome, but from the East, and were in a great measure neglected, or at least superseded in the Church, after Constantine's day, especially in the West, where Rome had sway; these do not embody what are called "Romish corruptions." Next, there is ground for suspecting that the Collection or Edition which we have was made by heretics, probably Arians, though they have not meddled with the main contents of them. Thus, while the neglect of them in later times separates them from Romanism, the assent of the Arians is a second witness, in addition to their recognition by the first centuries, in evidence of their Apostolical origin. Those first centuries observe them; contemporary heretics respect them; only later and corrupt times pass them by. May they not be taken as a fair portrait, as far as they go, of the doctrines and customs of Primitive Christianity?

8.

I do wish out-and-out Protestants would seriously lay to heart where they stand when they would write a history of Christianity. Are there any traces of Luther before Luther? Is there anything to show that what they call the religion of the Bible was ever professed by any persons, Christians, Jews, or heathen? Again, are there any traces in history of a process of change in Christian belief and practice, so serious, or so violent, as to answer to the notion of a great corruption or perversion of the Primitive Religion? Was there ever a time, what was the time, when Christianity was not that which Protestants protest against, as if formal, unspiritual, self-righteous, superstitious, and unevangelic? If that time cannot be pointed out, is not "the Religion of Protestants" a matter, not of past historical fact, but of modern private judgment? Have they anything to say in defence of their idea of the Christianity of the first centuries, except that that view of it is necessary to their being Protestants. "Christians," they seem to say, "must have been in those early times different from what the record of those times shows them to have been, and they must, as time went on, have fallen from that faith and that worship which they had at first, though history is quite silent on the subject, or else Protestantism, which is the apple of our eye, is not true. We are driven to hypothetical facts, or else we cannot reconcile with each other phenomena so discordant as those which are presented by ancient times and our own. We claim to substitute a priori reasoning for historical investigation, by the right of self-defence and the duty of self-preservation."

I have urged this point in various ways, and now I am showing the light which the Canons of the Apostles throw upon it. There is no reasonable doubt that they represent to us, on the whole, and as far as they go, the outward face of Christianity in the first centuries;—now will the Protestant venture to say that he recognizes in it any likeness of his own Religion? First, let him consider what is conveyed in the very idea of Ecclesiastical Canons? This: that Christians could not worship according to their fancy, but must think and pray by rule, by a set of rules issuing from a body of men, the Bishops, over whom the laity had no power whatever. If any men at any time have been priest-ridden, such was the condition of those early Christians. And then again, what becomes of the Protestant's watchword, "the Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible," if a set of Canons might lawfully be placed upon their shoulders, as if a second rule of faith, to the utter exclusion of all free-and-easy religion? and what room was there for private judgment, if they had to obey the bidding of certain fallible men? and what is to be done with the great principle, "Unity, not Uniformity," if Canons are to be recognized, which command uniformity as well as unity?

So much at first sight; but when we go on to examine what these Canons actually contain, their incompatibility with the fundamental principles of Protestantism becomes still more patent. I will set down some instances in proof of this. Thus, we gather from the Canons the following facts about Primitive Christianity:—viz., that,

1. There was a hierarchy of ordained ministers, consisting of the three orders of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons.

2. Their names were entered on a formal roll or catalogue.

3. There were inferior orders, such as readers and chanters.

4. Those who had entered into the sacred orders might not afterwards marry.

5. There were local dioceses, each ruled by a Bishop.

6. To him and him only was committed the care of souls in his diocese.

7. Each Bishop confined himself to his own diocese.

8. No secular influence was allowed to interfere with the appointment of Bishops.

9. The Bishops formed one legislative body, and met in Council twice a year, for the consideration of dogmatic questions and points in controversy.

10. One of them had the precedence over the rest, and took the lead; and, as the priests and people in each diocese obeyed their Bishop, so in more general matters the Bishops deferred to their Primus.

11. Easter and Pentecost were great feasts, and certain other days feasts also. There was a Lent Fast; also a Fast on Easter Eve; and on Wednesdays and Fridays.

12. The state of celibacy was recognized.

13. Places of worship were holy.

14. There was in their churches an altar, and an altar service.

15. There was a sacrifice in their worship, of which the materials were bread and wine.

16. There were oblations also of fruits of the earth, in connection with the sacrifice.

17. There were gold and silver vessels in the rite, and these were consecrated.

18. There were sacred lamps, fed with olive oil, and incense during the holy rite.

19. Baptism was administered in the name of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.

20. Excommunication was inflicted on Christians who disgraced their profession.

21. No one might pray, even in private, with excommunicated persons, except at the cost of being excommunicated himself.

22. No one might pray with heretics, or enter their churches, or acknowledge their baptism, or priesthood.

9.

These rules furnish us with large portions, and the more important, of the outline of the religion of their times; and are not only definitive in themselves, but give us the means of completing those parts of it which are not found in them. Considered, then, as a living body, the primitive Christian community was distinguished by its high sacerdotal, ceremonial, mystical character. Which among modern religious bodies was it like? Was it like the Wesleyans? was it like the Society of Friends? was it like the Scotch Kirk? was it like any Protestant denomination at all? Fancy any model Protestant of this day in a state of things so different from his own! With his religious societies for the Church, with his committees, boards, and platforms instead of Bishops, his Record and Patriot newspapers instead of Councils, his concerts for prayer instead of anathemas on heresy and schism, his spoutings at public meetings for exorcisms, his fourths of October for festivals of the Martyrs, his glorious memories for commemorations of the dead, his niggard vestry allowances for gold and silver vessels, his gas and stoves for wax and oil, his denunciations of self-righteousness for fasting and celibacy, and his exercise of private judgment for submission to authority—would he have a chance of finding himself at home in a Christianity such as this? is it his own Christianity?

* * * * *

I end, then, as I began:—If Protestantism is another name for Christianity, then the Martyrs and Bishops of the early Church, the men who taught the nations, the men who converted the Roman Empire, had themselves to be taught, themselves to be converted. Shall we side with the first age of Christianity, or with the last?

FOOTNOTES:

[372] This account is for the most part taken from Bishops Beveridge and Pearson.

[373] The Egyptian Meletius, from which this schism has its name, must not be confounded with Meletius of Antioch.

[374] The [Greek: ekklesiastikon phronema].

[375] Vid. the parallel case of the Ignatian Epistles in the Author's Essays, vol. i, p. 266.



NOTE ON P. 366.

Lately the relics of St. Ambrose have been discovered in his Church at Milan, as were the relics of St. Gervasius and St. Protasius several years since. On this subject I received a month since a letter from a friend, who passed through Milan, and saw the sacred remains. I will quote a portion of his letter to me:—

"Sept. 17, 1872.

"I am amazed at the favour which was shown me yesterday at the Church of St. Ambrogio. I was accidentally allowed to be present at a private exposition of the relics of St. Ambrose and the Saints Gervasius and Protasius. I have seen complete every bone in St. Ambrose's body. There were present a great many of the clergy, three medici, and Father Secchi, who was there on account of his great knowledge of the Catacombs, to testify to the age, etc., of the remains. It was not quite in chance, for I wanted to go to Milan, solely to venerate St. Ambrose once more, and to thank him for all the blessings I have had as a Catholic and a Priest, since the day that I said Mass over his body. The churches were shut when I arrived; so I got up early next morning and went off to the Ambrosian. I knelt down before the high altar, and thought of all that had happened since you and I were there, twenty-six years ago. As I was kneeling, a cleric came out; so I asked him to let me into the scurolo, which was boarded up all round for repairs. He took me there, but he said: 'St. Ambrose is not here; he is above; do you wish to see him?' He took me round through the corretti into a large room, where, on a large table, surrounded by ecclesiastics and medical men, were three skeletons. The two were of immense size, and very much alike, and bore the marks of a violent death; their age was determined to be about twenty-six years. When I entered the room, Father Secchi was examining the marks of martyrdom on them. Their throats had been cut with great violence, and the neck vertebrae were injured on the inside. The pomum Adami had been broken, or was not there; I forget which. This bone was quite perfect in St. Ambrose; his body was wholly uninjured; the lower jaw (which was broken in one of the two martyrs) was wholly uninjured in him, beautifully formed, and every tooth, but one molar in the lower jaw, quite perfect and white and regular. His face had been long, thin, and oval, with a high arched forehead. His bones were nearly white; those of the other two were very dark. His fingers long and very delicate; his bones were a marked contrast to those of the two martyrs.

"The finding, I was told, was thus:—In the ninth century the Bishop of Milan translated the relics of St. Ambrose, which till then had laid side by side with the martyrs in one great stone coffin of two compartments, St. Gervase being, according to the account, nearest to St. Ambrose. He removed St. Ambrose from this coffin into the great porphyry urn which we both saw in the scurolo; leaving the martyrs where they were. In 1864 the martyrs' coffin was opened, and one compartment was found empty, except a single bone, the right-ankle bone, which lay by itself in that empty compartment. This was sent to the Pope as all that remained of St. Ambrose; in the other compartment were the two skeletons complete. St. Ambrose's urn was not opened till the other day, when it was removed from its place for the alterations. The bones were found perfect all but the ankle bone. They then sent for it to Rome, and the President of the Seminary showed me how it fitted exactly in its place, having been separated from it for nine centuries.

"The Government seems very desirous to make a handsome restoration of the whole chapel, and the new shrine will be completed by May next."

Thus far my friend's letter.

I have not been able in such historical works as are at my command to find notice of Archbishop Angelbert's transferring St. Ambrose's body from the large coffin of the martyrs to the porphyry urn which has been traditionally pointed out as the receptacle of the Saint, and in which he was recently found. That the body, however, recently disinterred actually was once in the coffin of the martyrs is evidenced by its right-ankle bone being found there. Another curious confirmation arises from my friend's remark about the missing tooth, when compared with the following passage from Ughelli, Ital. Sacr. t. iv. col. 82:—

"Archbishop Angelbert was most devout to the Church of St. Ambrose, and erected a golden altar in it, at the cost of 30,000 gold pieces. The occasion of this gift is told us by Galvaneus, among others, in his Catalogue, when he is speaking of Angelbert. His words are these:—'Angelbert was Archbishop for thirty-five years, from A.D. 826, and out of devotion he extracted a tooth from the mouth of St. Ambrose, and placed it in his [episcopal] ring. One day the tooth fell out from the ring; and, on the Archbishop causing a thorough search to be made for it, an old woman appeared to him, saying, "You will find the tooth in the place from which you took it." On hearing this, the Archbishop betook himself to the body of St. Ambrose, and found it in the mouth of the blessed Ambrose. Then, to make it impossible for anything in future [or anything else, de caetero] to be taken from his body, he hid it under ground, and caused to be made the golden altar of St. Ambrose, etc.

Castellionaeus in his Antiquities of Milan (apud Burman. Antiqu. Ital. t. 3, part 1. col. 487) tells us that the Archbishop lost his relic "as he was going in his pontifical vestments to the Church of St. Lawrence on Palm Sunday. He found he had lost it in the way thither, for, on taking off his gloves, he saw it was gone."

It would seem from my friend's letter that either the Archbishop took away the tooth a second time, or the miracle of its restoration did not take place.

It should be added that the place in which Angelbert hid the sacred relics was so well known, that in the twelfth century Cardinal Bernard, Bishop of Parma, was allowed to see and venerate them,—Vid. Puricelli's Ambros. Basil. Descriptio. c. 58 and c. 352, ap. Burman. Thesaur. Antiqu. Ital. t. 4, part 1.

That St. Ambrose was buried in his own church, called even from the time of his death the "Ambrosian," and the church where he had placed the bones of the two martyrs, Gervasius and Protasius, by the side of whom he proposed to have his own body placed, is plain from his own words and those of Paulinus his Secretary.

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For the controversy on the subject vid. Castellion. ubi supra.

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A MEMOIR OF MOTHER FRANCIS RAPHAEL, O.S.D. (AUGUSTA THEODOSIA DRANE), some time Prioress Provincial of the Congregation of Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena, Stone. With portrait. Crown 8vo. 7s. 6d.

LIFE OF ST. ELIZABETH OF HUNGARY, DUCHESS OF THURINGIA. By the COUNT DE MONTALEM-BERT, Peer of France, Member of the French Academy. Translated by FRANCIS DEMING HOYT. Large Crown 8vo. 10s. 6d. net.

THE LIFE AND LEGEND OF THE LADY SAINT CLARE: Translated from the French version (1563) of Brother Francis du Puis. By Mrs. REGINALD BALFOUR. With an Introduction by Father CUTHBERT, O.S.F.C., and 24 Illustrations. Crown 8vo. Gilt top. 4s. 6d net.

HISTORY OF ST. VINCENT DE PAUL, Founder of the Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians), and of the Sisters of Charity. By Monseigneur BOUGAUD, Bishop of Laval. Translated from the Second French Edition by the Rev. JOSEPH BRADY, C.M. With an Introduction by His Eminence CARDINAL VAUGHAN, late Archbishop of Westminster Crown 8vo. 4s. 6d. net.

EXPLORERS IN THE NEW WORLD BEFORE AND AFTER COLUMBUS, and THE STORY OF THE JESUIT MISSIONS OF PARAGUAY. By MARION McMURROUGH MULHALL, Member of The Roman Arcadia. With pre-Columban Maps. Crown 8vo, 6s. 6d. net.

LIFE OF THE MARQUISE DE LA ROCHE-JAQUELEIN, THE HEROINE OF LA VENDEE. By the Hon. Mrs. MAXWELL SCOTT (of Abbotsford). With 8 Illustrations and a Map. 8vo. 7s. 6d. net.

SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI: a Biography. By JOHANNES JOeRGENSEN. Translated by T. O'CONOR SLOANE. With 5 Illustrations. 8vo. 12s. 6d. net.

TEN PERSONAL STUDIES. By Wilfrid Ward. With 10 Portraits. 8vo. 10s. 6d. net.

CONTENTS.—Arthur James Balfour—Three Notable Editors: Delane, Hutton, Knowles—Some Characteristics of Henry Sidgwick—Robert, Earl of Lytton—Father Ignatius Ryder—Sir M. E. Grant Duff's Diaries—Leo XIII.—The Genius of Cardinal Wiseman—John Henry Newman—Newman and Manning—Appendix.

SOME PAPERS OF LORD ARUNDELL OF WARDOUR, 12th BARON, COUNT OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, Etc. With a Preface by the Dowager LADY ARUNDELL OF WARDOUR. With Portrait. 8vo. 8s. 6d. net.

THE THREE SISTERS OF LORD RUSSELL OF KILLOWEN. Sketches of Convent Life. By the Rev. MATTHEW RUSSELL, S.J. With Portrait and other Illustrations. 8vo.

ESSAYS. By the Rev. FATHER IGNATIUS DUDLEY RYDER. Edited by FRANCIS BACCHUS, of the Oratory, Birmingham. With Frontispiece. 8vo. 9s. net.

CONTENTS.—A Jesuit Reformer and Poet—Revelations of the After-World—Savonarola—M. Emery, Superior of St. Sulpice, 1789-1811—Auricular Confession—The Pope and the Anglican Archbishops—Ritualism, Roman Catholicism, and Converts—On Certain Ecclesiastical Miracles—The Ethics of War—The Passions of the Past—Some Memories of a Jail Chaplain—Purcell's Life of Cardinal Manning.

APPENDIX.—Some Notes on Ryder's Controversy with Ward.

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The Beginnings of the Church.

A Series of Histories of the First Century.

By the Abbe CONSTANT FOUARD, Honorary Cathedral Canon, Professor of the Faculty of Theology at Rouen, etc., etc.

THE CHRIST, THE SON OF GOD. A Life of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. With an Introduction by CARDINAL MANNING. With 3 Maps. Two vols. Crown 8vo. 14s. Popular Edition. 8vo. 1s. net. Paper Covers. 6d. net.

ST. PETER AND THE FIRST YEARS OF CHRISTIANITY. With 3 Maps. Crown 8vo. 9s.

ST. PAUL AND HIS MISSIONS. With 2 Maps. Crown 8vo. 9s.

Popular Edition, 8vo. 1s. net. Paper Covers. 6d. net.

THE LAST YEARS OF ST. PAUL. With 5 Maps and Plans. Crown 8vo. 9s.

ST. JOHN AND THE CLOSE OF THE APOSTOLIC AGE. Crown 8vo. 7s. 6d.

Lives of the Friar Saints.

Editors for the Franciscan Lives:

The Very Rev. Fr. OSMUND, O.F.M., Provincial, and C. M. ANTONY.

Editors for the Dominican Lives:

The Rev. Fr. BEDE JARRETT, O.P., and C. M. ANTONY.

Fcap. 8vo. Cloth, 1s. 6d. per volume; Leather, 2s. 6d. net per volume.

THE HOLY FATHER has expressed through the Very Rev. Fr. Thomas Esser, O.P., Secretary of the Congregation of the Index, his great pleasure and satisfaction that the series has been undertaken, and wishes it every success. He bestows "most affectionately" His Apostolic Blessing upon the Editors, Writers, and Readers of the whole series.

F. OSMUND, O.F.M., Provincial, F. BEDE JARRETT, O.P., C. M. ANTONY,

Editors.

* * * * *

DOMINICAN.

ST. THOMAS AQUINAS. Of the Order of Preachers (1225-1274). A Biographical Study of the Angelic Doctor. By Fr. PLACID CONWAY, O.P. With 5 Illustrations.

ST. VINCENT FERRER, O.P. By Fr. STANISLAUS HOGAN, O.P. With 4 Illustrations.

ST. PIUS V. Pope of the Holy Rosary. By C.M. ANTONY. With Preface by the Very Rev. Monsignor BENSON. With 4 Illustrations.

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FRANCISCAN.

ST. BONAVENTURE. The Seraphic Doctor. Minister General of the Franciscan Order, Cardinal Bishop of Albano. By Fr. LAURENCE COSTELLOE. O.F.M. With 6 Illustrations.

ST. ANTONY OF PADUA. The Miracle Worker (1195-1231). By C. M. ANTONY. With 4 Illustrations.

ST. JOHN CAPISTRAN. By Fr. VINCENT FITZGERALD, O.F.M. With 4 Illustrations.

And it is hoped that the following will be published:—

ST. ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE. By Fr. BEDE JARRETT, O.P.

ST. RAYMOND OF PENNAFORT. By Fr. THOS. SCHWERTNER, O.P.

ST. LOUIS BERTRAND. By the Rev. Mother MARY REGINALD, O.S.D.

ST. BERNARDINE OF SIENA. By Miss M. WARD.

ST. LEONARD OF PORT-MAURICE. By Fr. ALEXANDER MURPHY, O.F.M.

ST. PETER OF ALCANTARA. By EGBERT CARROL, O.F.M.

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History.

MEMOIRS OF THE SCOTTISH CATHOLICS DURING THE XVIIth AND XVIIIth CENTURIES. Selected from hitherto inedited MSS. by WILLIAM FORBES LEITH, S.J. With 20 Illustrations. 2 vols. Medium 8vo. 7s. 6d. net.

THE INQUISITION: a Critical and Historical Study of the Coercive Power of the Church. By the Abbe E. VACANDARD. Translated from the French by the Rev. BERTRAND L. CONWAY, C.S.P. Crown 8vo. 6s. net.

THE LIFE AND TIMES OF BISHOP CHALLONER, 1691-1781. By EDWIN H. BURTON, D.D., F.R.Hist.S., Vice-President of St. Edmund's College, Ware. With 34 Portraits and other Illustrations. 2 vols, 8vo. 25s. net.

THE DAWN OF THE CATHOLIC REVIVAL IN ENGLAND, 1781-1803. By Right Rev. Monsignor BERNARD WARD, F.R.Hist.S., President of St. Edmund's College, Ware. With 38 Illustrations. 2 vols. 8vo. 25s. net.

THE EVE OF CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION. Being the History of the English Catholics during the first Thirty Years of the Nineteenth Century. By the same Author. With Portraits and other Illustrations. 3 vols. 8vo.

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TEXT.

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Volume III. In preparation.

DOCUMENTS.

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THE FIRST DUKE AND DUCHESS OF NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE. With Portrait and 15 other Illustrations. 8vo. 10s. 6d. net.

THE CURIOUS CASE OF LADY PURBECK: A Scandal of the Seventeenth Century. 8vo. 6s. net.

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CHISEL, PEN AND POIGNARD: Or, Benvenuto Cellini, his Times and his Contemporaries. With 19 Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 5s.

MARSHAL TURENNE. With an Introduction by Brigadier-General FRANCIS LLOYD, C.B., D.S.O. With numerous Illustrations. 8vo. 12s. 6d. net.

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Educational.

A LIFE OF CHRIST FOR CHILDREN. With 20 Illustrations, reproduced chiefly from the Old Masters. With Preface by His Eminence CARDINAL GIBBONS. Large Crown 8vo. 4s. net.

BIBLE STORIES TOLD TO "TODDLES". By Mrs. HERMANN BOSCH. Crown 8vo. 2s. 6d. net.

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OUTLINES OF THE HISTORY OF IRELAND. From the Earliest Times to 1837. By the same Author. Fcp. 8vo. 9d.

A READING BOOK IN IRISH HISTORY. By the same Author. With 45 Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 1s. 6d.

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The authorised Irish History for Catholic Schools and Colleges throughout Australasia.

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THE FOUNTAIN OF LIFE. To Catholic Teachers. By One of the Authors of "Quick and Dead". Crown 8vo. 1s. net.

SCIENCE OF EDUCATION. By T. P. KEATING, B.A., L.C.P. With an Introduction by Rev. T. A. FINLAY, M.A., National University, Dublin. Crown 8vo. 2s. 6d. net.

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Poetry, Fiction, etc.

A MYSTERY PLAY IN HONOUR OF THE NATIVITY OF OUR LORD. By the Very Rev. Monsignor ROBERT HUGH BENSON. With Illustrations, Appendices, and Stage Directions. Crown 8vo. 2s. 6d. net.

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STORIES ON THE ROSARY. By LOUISE EMILY DOBREE. Parts I., II., III. Crown 8vo. 1s. 6d. each.

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BALLADS OF IRISH CHIVALRY. By ROBERT DWYER JOYCE, M.D. Edited, with Annotations, by his brother, P. W. JOYCE, LL.D. With Portrait of the Author and 3 Illustrations. 8vo. Cloth gilt, 2s. net. Paper covers, 1s. net.

OLD CELTIC ROMANCES. Twelve of the most beautiful of the Ancient Irish Romantic Tales. Translated from the Gaelic. By P. W. JOYCE, LL.D., M.R.I.A. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC. Containing One Hundred Airs never before published, and a number of Popular Songs. Collected and Edited by the same Author. 4to. Paper wrappers, 1s. 6d. Cloth, 3s.

OLD IRISH FOLK MUSIC AND SONGS: a collection of 842 Irish Airs and Songs hitherto unpublished. Edited by the same Author, with Annotations, for the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Medium 8vo. 10s. 6d. net.

IRISH PEASANT SONGS. In the English Language; the words set to the proper Old Irish Airs. Collected and Edited by the same Author. Crown 8vo. Paper Covers, 6d. net.

SAID THE ROSE, AND OTHER LYRICS. By GEORGE HENRY MILES. With an Introduction by JOHN CHURTON COLLINS. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d. net.

CHRISTINE: A TROUBADOUR'S SONG—THE SLEEP OF MARY—AMIN. By the same Author. With Photogravure Frontispiece. Crown 8vo. 4s. 6d. net.

A REVIEW OF HAMLET. By the same Author. With Portrait of the Author. Crown 8vo. 4s. 6d. net.

A READER'S GUIDE TO IRISH FICTION. By STEPHEN J. BROWN, S.J. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d. net.

ONE POOR SCRUPLE. By Mrs. Wilfrid Ward. Crown 8vo. 6s.

OUT OF DUE TIME. By the same Author. Crown 8vo. 6s.

GREAT POSSESSIONS. By the same Author. Cr. 8vo. 6s.

THE LIGHT BEHIND. By the same Author. Cr. 8vo. 6s.

THE JOB SECRETARY. An Impression. By the same Author. Crown 8vo. 4s. 6d.

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EARLY ESSAYS AND LECTURES. Crown 8vo. 6s. net.

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Cardinal Newman's Works.

1. SERMONS.

PAROCHIAL AND PLAIN SERMONS. Eight vols. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d. each.

SELECTION, ADAPTED TO THE SEASONS OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL YEAR, from the "Parochial and Plain Sermons". Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS:—Advent: Self-denial the Test of Religious Earnestness—Divine Calls—The Ventures of Faith—Watching. Christmas Day: Religious Joy. New Year's Sunday: The Lapse of Time—Epiphany: Remembrance of Past Mercies—Equanimity—The Immortality of the Soul—Christian Manhood—Sincerity and Hypocrisy—Christian Sympathy. Septuagesima: Present Blessings. Sexagesima: Endurance, the Christian's Portion. Quinquagesima: Love, the One Thing Needful. Lent: The Individuality of the Soul—Life, the Season of Repentance—Bodily Suffering—Tears of Christ at the Grave of Lazarus—Christ's Privations, a Meditation for Christians—The Cross of Christ the Measure of the World. Good Friday: The Crucifixion. Easter Day: Keeping Fast and Festival. Easter Tide: Witnesses of the Resurrection—A Particular Providence as revealed in the Gospel—Christ Manifested in Remembrance—The Invisible World—Waiting for Christ. Ascension: Warfare the Condition of Victory. Sunday after Ascension: Rising with Christ. Whitsun Day: The Weapons of Saints. Trinity Sunday: The Mysteriousness of Our Present Being. Sundays after Trinity: Holiness Necessary for Future Blessedness—The Religious Use of Excited Feelings—The Self-wise Inquirer—Scripture a Record of Human Sorrow—The Danger of Riches—Obedience without Love, as instanced in the Character of Balaam—Moral Consequences of Single Sins—The Greatness and Littleness of Human Life—Moral Effects of Communion with God—The Thought of God the Stay of the Soul—The Power of the Will—The Gospel Palaces—Religion a Weariness to the Natural Man—The World our Enemy—The Praise of Men—Religion Pleasant to the Religious—Mental Prayer—Curiosity a Temptation to Sin—Miracles no Remedy for Unbelief—Jeremiah, a Lesson for the Disappointed—The Shepherd of our Souls—Doing Glory to God in Pursuits of the World.

FIFTEEN SERMONS PREACHED BEFORE THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, between 1826 and 1843. Cr. 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS.—The Philosophical Temper, first enjoined by the Gospel—The Influence of Natural and Revealed Religion respectively—Evangelical Sanctity the Perfection of Natural Virtue—The Usurpations of Reason—Personal Influence, the Means of Propagating the Truth—On Justice as a Principle of Divine Governance—Contest between Faith and Sight—Human Responsibility, as independent of Circumstances—Wilfulness, the Sin of Saul—Faith and Reason, contrasted as Habits of Mind—The Nature of Faith in Relation to Reason—Love, the Safeguard of Faith against Superstition—Implicit and Explicit Reason—Wisdom, as contrasted with Faith and with Bigotry—The Theory of Developments in Religious Doctrine.

SERMONS BEARING UPON SUBJECTS OF THE DAY. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS.—The Work of the Christian—Saintliness not Forfeited by the Penitent—Our Lord's Last Supper and His First—Dangers to the Penitent—The Three Offices of Christ—Faith and Experience—Faith unto the World—The Church and the World—Indulgence in Religious Privileges—Connection between Personal and Public Improvement—Christian Nobleness—Joshua a Type of Christ and His Followers—Elisha a Type of Christ and His Followers—The Christian Church a Continuation of the Jewish—The Principles of Continuity between the Jewish and Christian Churches—The Christian Church an Imperial Power—Sanctity the Token of the Christian Empire—Condition of the Members of the Christian Empire—The Apostolic Christian—Wisdom and Innocence—Invisible Presence of Christ—Outward and Inward Notes of the Church—Grounds for Steadfastness in our Religious Profession—Elijah the Prophet of the Latter Days—Feasting in Captivity—The Parting of Friends.

DISCOURSES TO MIXED CONGREGATIONS. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS.—The Salvation of the Hearer the Motive of the Preacher—Neglect of Divine Calls and Warnings—Men not Angels—The Priests of the Gospel—Purity and Love—Saintliness the Standard of Christian Principle—God's Will the End of Life—Perseverance in Grace—Nature and Grace—Illuminating Grace—Faith and Private Judgment—Faith and Doubt—Prospects of the Catholic Missioner—Mysteries of Nature and of Grace—The Mystery of Divine Condescension—The Infinitude of Divine Attributes—Mental Sufferings of our Lord in His Passion—The Glories of Mary for the Sake of Her Son—On the Fitness of the Glories of Mary.

SERMONS PREACHED ON VARIOUS OCCASIONS. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS.—Intellect the Instrument of Religious Training—The Religion of the Pharisee and the Religion of Mankind—Waiting for Christ—The Secret Power of Divine Grace—Dispositions for Faith—Omnipotence in Bonds—St. Paul's Characteristic Gift—St. Paul's Gift of Sympathy—Christ upon the Waters—The Second Spring—Order, the Witness and Instrument of Unity—The Mission of St. Philip Neri—The Tree beside the Waters—In the World but not of the World—The Pope and the Revolution.

2. TREATISES.

THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION. Cr. 8vo. 3s. 6d.

CONTENTS.—Faith considered as the Instrumental Cause of Justification—Love considered as the Formal Cause of Justification—Primary Sense of the term "Justification"—Secondary Senses of the term "Justification"—Misuse of the term "Just" or "Righteous"—The Gift of Righteousness—The Characteristics of the Gift of Righteousness—Righteousness viewed as a Gift and as a Quality—Righteousness the Fruit of our Lord's Resurrection—The Office of Justifying Faith—The Nature of Justifying Faith—Faith viewed relatively to Rites and Works—On Preaching the Gospel—Appendix.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

THE IDEA OF A UNIVERSITY DEFINED AND ILLUSTRATED. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

I. In Nine Discourses delivered to the Catholics of Dublin; II. In Occasional Lectures and Essays addressed to the members of the Catholic University.

UNIVERSITY TEACHING considered in nine discourses. Being the First Part of "The Idea of a University Defined and Illustrated". With a Preface by the Rev. JOHN NORRIS. Fcp. 8vo. Gilt Top. 2s. net. Leather, 3s. net.

A GRAMMAR OF ASSENT. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

3. HISTORICAL.

HISTORICAL SKETCHES. Three vols. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d. each.

VOL. I.—The Turks in their Relation to Europe—Marcus Tullius Cicero—Apollonius of Tyana—Primitive Christianity.

VOL. II.—The Church of the Fathers—St. Chrysostom—Theodoret—Mission of St. Benedict—Benedictine Schools.

VOL. III.—Rise and Progress of Universities (originally published as "Office and Work of Universities")—Northmen and Normans in England and Ireland—Mediaeval Oxford—Convocation of Canterbury.

THE CHURCH OF THE FATHERS. Reprinted from "Historical Sketches". Vol. II. With a Preface by the Rev. JOHN NORRIS. Fcp. 8vo. Gilt Top. 2s. net. Leather, 3s. net.

4. ESSAYS.

TWO ESSAYS ON MIRACLES. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d.

DISCUSSIONS AND ARGUMENTS. Cr. 8vo. 3s. 6d.

1. How to accomplish it. 2. The Antichrist of the Fathers. 3. Scripture and the Creed. 4. Tamworth Reading-room. 5. Who's to Blame? 6. An Argument for Christianity.

ESSAYS, CRITICAL AND HISTORICAL. Two vols., with notes. Crown 8vo. 7s.

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5. THEOLOGICAL.

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INDEX.

Page

Adventures of King James II. of England 11

Antony (C. M.) St. Antony of Padua 9 —— —— St. Pius V. 9

Arundell (Lord) Papers 8

Assisi (St. Francis of) A Biography, by J. Joergensen 8

Balfour (Mrs. Reginald) The Life and Legend of the Lady Saint Clare 7

Barnes (A. S.) The Origin of the Gospels 3

Barrett (E. Boyd) Motive Force and Motivation-Tracks 5

Barry (W.) The Tradition of Scripture 3

Batiffol (P.) Credibility of the Gospel 5 —— —— History of the Roman Breviary 5 —— —— Primitive Catholicism 5

Benson (R. H.) Christ in the Church 4 —— —— Cost of a Crown 14 —— —— Friendship of Christ 4 —— —— Mystery Play 14 —— —— The Maid of Orleans 14 —— —— Non-Catholic Denominations 3 —— —— The Child's Rule of Life 4

Boedder (B.) Natural Theology 2

Bosch (Mrs. H.) Bible Stories told to "Toddles" 12 —— —— When "Toddles" was Seven 12

Bougaud (Mgr.) History of St. Vincent de Paul 7

Brown (H.) Handbook of Greek Composition 13 —— —— Homeric Study 13 —— —— Latin Composition 13 —— (S. J.) A Reader's Guide to Irish Fiction 15

Burton (E. H.) Life and Times of Bishop Challoner 10 —— —— and Myers (E.) The New Psalter and Breviary Reform 3

Carrol (F.) St. Peter of Alcantara 9

Catholic Church from Within 4

Challoner, Life and Times of Bishop 10

Chapman (J.) Bishop Gore and Catholic Claims 4 —— —— The Study of the Fathers 3

Chisel, Pen, and Poignard 11

Christ, A Life of, for Children 12

Clarke (R. F.) Logic 2

Class-Teaching (The) of English Composition 13

Coffey (P.) The Science of Logic 5

Conway (P.) St. Thomas Aquinas 9

Corcoran (T.) Studies in the History of Classical Teaching 13

Costelloe (L.) St. Bonaventure 9

Cronin (M.) The Science of Ethics. Vol. I. 6

Curious Case of Lady Purbeck 11

Delehaye (H.) The Legends of the Saints 3

Delecta Biblica 13

De Montalembert (Count) Life of St. Elizabeth of Hungary 7

Devas (C. S.) Political Economy 2 —— —— The Key to the World's Progress 6

De Vere (Aubrey), Memoir of, by Wilfrid Ward 7

Dewe (J. A.) Psychology of Politics and History 10

De Wulf (M.) History of Medieval Philosophy 5 —— —— Scholasticism, Old and New 5

Digby, Life of Sir Kenelm 11

Dobree (L. E.) Stories on the Rosary 14

Drane (A. T.) History of St. Catherine of Siena 7 —— —— Memoir (Mother Francis Raphael) 7

Dwight (T.) Thoughts of a Catholic Anatomist 6

Emery (S. L.) The Inner Life of the Soul 4

Falklands 11

First Duke and Duchess of Newcastle-on-Tyne 11

Fitz-Gerald (V.) St. John Capistran 9

Fitzgerald (K.) Parlez-vous Francais 13

Fortescue (A.) The Mass 3

Fouard (Abbe) St. John and the Close of the Apostolic Age 8 —— —— St. Paul and his Missions 8 —— —— St. Peter 8 —— —— The Christ the Son of God 8 —— —— —— Last Years of St. Paul 8

Fountain of Life (The) 13

Francis (M. E.) Christian Thal 16 —— —— Dorset Dear 16 —— —— Fiander's Widow 16 —— —— Lychgate Hall 16 —— —— The Manor Farm 16 —— —— Yeoman Fleetwood 16

Friar Saint Series 9

Gerard (J.) The Old Riddle and the Newest Answer 6

Gerrard (T. J.) Cords of Adam 5

Grammar Lessons, by the Principal of St. Mary's Hall, Liverpool 13

Hedley (J. C.) The Holy Eucharist 3

Hogan (S.) St. Vincent Ferrer 9

Hughes (T.) History of the Society of Jesus in North America 11

Hunter (S. J.) Outlines of Dogmatic Theology 5

Index to The Month 6

Irons (G.) A Torn Scrap Book 14

Jarrett (B.) St. Antoninus of Florence 9

Joppen (C.) Historical Atlas of India 13

Joergensen (J.) St. Francis of Assisi 8

Joyce (G. H.) Principles of Logic 13 —— (P. W.) Ancient Irish Music 14 —— —— Child's History of Ireland 12 —— —— English as we Speak it in Ireland 12 —— —— Grammar of the Irish Language 12 —— —— Handbook of School Management 12 —— —— History of Ireland for Australian Catholic Schools 12 —— —— Irish Peasant Songs 14 —— —— Old Celtic Romances 14 —— —— Old Irish Folk Music 14 —— —— Origin and History of Irish Names of Places 10 —— —— Outlines of the History of Ireland 12 —— —— Reading Book in Irish History 12 —— —— Short History of Ireland 10 —— —— Social History of Ireland 10 —— —— Story of Irish Civilisation 10 —— —— Wonders of Ireland 10

—— (R. D.) Ballads of Irish Chivalry 14

Kane (R.) The Plain Gold Ring 5 —— —— The Sermon of the Sea 5

Keating (T. P.) Science of Education 13

Leith (W. F.) Memoirs of the Scottish Catholics 10

Lives of the Friar Saints 9

Lumsden (C.) The Dawn of Modern England 10

Maxwell-Scott (Hon. Mrs.) Life of the Marquise de la Rochejaquelein 7

McNabb (V.) Infallibility 4

Maher (M.) Psychology 2

Marshal Turenne 11

Maturin (B. W.) Laws of the Spiritual Life 4 —— —— Self-Knowledge and Self-Discipline 4 —— —— The Price of Unity 4

Miles (G. H.) Christine and other Poems 15 —— —— Review of Hamlet 15 —— —— Said the Rose 15

Montalembert (Count de) St. Elizabeth of Hungary 7

Month, The 6

Moyes (J.) Aspects of Anglicanism 4

Mulhall (M. M.) Beginnings, or Glimpses of Vanished Civilizations 10 —— —— Explorers in the New World before and after Columbus 7

Murphy (A.) St. Leonard of Port-Maurice 9

Myers (E.) The Breviary 3

Newman (Cardinal) Addresses to, 1879-81 21 —— —— Apologia pro Vita sua 20 —— —— Arians of the Fourth Century 19 —— —— Callista, an Historical Tale 20 —— —— Church of the Fathers 19 —— —— Critical and Historical Essays 19 —— —— Development of Christian Doctrine 18 —— —— Difficulties of Anglicans 20 —— —— Discourses to Mixed Congregations 18 —— —— Discussions and Arguments 19 —— —— Dream of Gerontius 20 —— —— Maurice Francis Egan, D.D., LL.D., With Notes by 20 —— —— —— —— Facsimile Edition 20 —— —— —— —— Presentation Edition 20 —— —— Essays on Miracles 19 —— —— Grammar of Assent 18 —— —— Historical Sketches 19 —— —— Idea of a University 18 —— —— Justification 18 —— —— Letters and Correspondence 21 —— —— Life, by Wilfrid Ward 7, 21 —— —— Loss and Gain 20 —— —— Meditations and Devotions 21 —— —— Memorial Sermons 21 —— —— Oxford University Sermons 17 —— —— Parochial Sermons 17 —— —— Present Position of Catholics 20 —— —— Select Treatises of St. Athanasius 19 —— —— Selections from Sermons 17 —— —— Sermons on Subjects of the Day 17 —— —— Sermons Preached on Various Occasions 18 —— —— Theological Tracts 19 —— —— University Teaching 18 —— —— Verses on Various Occasions 20 —— —— Via Media 20

O'Malley (A.) and Walsh (J. J.) Pastoral Medicine 6

Pryings among Private Papers 11

Quick and Dead 13

Reginald (M.) St. Louis Bertrand 9

Rickaby (John) First Principles of Knowledge 2 —— —— General Metaphysics 2 —— (Joseph) Moral Philosophy 2 —— —— and McIntyre (Canon) Newman Memorial Sermons 21

Rochester and other Literary Rakes 11

Roche (W.) The House and Table of God 4

Rockliff (E.) An Experiment in History Teaching 13

Rose (V.) Studies on the Gospels 5

Russell (M.) Among the Blessed 6 —— —— At Home with God 6 —— —— The Three Sisters of Lord Russell of Killowen 8

Ruville (A. Von) Back to Holy Church 4 —— —— Humility the True Talisman 4

Ryder (I.) Essays 8

Scannell (T. B.) The Priest's Studies 3

Schwertner (T.) St. Raymond of Pennafort 9

Serbati (A.) Theodicy 5

Sheehan (P. A.) Blindness of Dr. Gray 16 —— —— Early Essays and Lectures 16 —— —— Glenanaar 16 —— —— Lisheen 16 —— —— 'Lost Angel of a Ruined Paradise' 16 —— —— Luke Delmege 16 —— —— Parerga 16 —— —— The Queen's Fillet 16 —— —— The Intellectuals 16

Smith (S. F.) The Instruction of Converts 3

STONYHURST PHILOSOPHICAL SERIES 2

Stuart (J. E.) The Education of Catholic Girls 13

Thurston (H.) Lent and Holy Week 4 —— —— The Christian Calendar 3

Vacandard (E.) The Inquisition 10

Walker (L. J.) Theories of Knowledge 2

Ward (B.) Dawn of the Catholic Revival in England 10 —— —— Eve of Catholic Emancipation 10 —— (M.) St. Bernardine of Siena 9 —— (Wilfrid) Aubrey de Vere, a Memoir 7 —— —— Life of Cardinal Newman 7, 21 —— —— Ten Personal Studies 8 —— —— The Life of Cardinal Wiseman 7 —— (Mrs. Wilfrid) Great Possessions 15 —— —— One Poor Scruple 15 —— —— Out of Due Time 15 —— —— The Job Secretary 15 —— —— The Light Behind 15

WESTMINSTER LIBRARY (THE) 3

Wiseman (Cardinal) Life, by Wilfrid Ward 7

Wyatt-Davies (E.) History of England for Catholic Schools 12 —— —— Outlines of British History 12

THE END

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