HotFreeBooks.com
A Life of William Shakespeare - with portraits and facsimiles
by Sidney Lee
Previous Part     1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10     Next Part
Home - Random Browse

Chenier, Marie-Joseph, sides with Voltaire in the Shakespearean controversy in France, 349

Chester, Robert, his 'Love's Martyr,' 183 184 n

Chettle, Henry, the publisher, his description of Shakespeare as an actor, 43 48 n his apology for Greene's attack on Shakespeare, 58 277 225 appeals to Shakespeare to write an elegy on Queen Elizabeth, 230

Chetwynde, Peter, publisher, 312

Chiswell, R., 313

'Chloris,' title of William Smith's collection of sonnets, 437 and n 4 Chronology of Shakespeare's plays 48-57 59 63-72 partly determined by subject-matter and metre, 48-50 161 seq., 207 seq., 235 seq., 248 seq.

Churchyard, Thomas, his Fantasticall Monarcho's Epitaph, 51 n calls Barnes 'Petrarch's scholar,' 133

Cibber, Colley, 335

Cibber, Mrs., 336

Cibber, Theophilus, the reputed compiler of 'Lives of the Poets,' 32 and n 3, 33

Cinthio, the 'Hecatommithi' of, Shakespeare's indebtedness to, 14 53 236 his tragedy, Epitia, 237

Clark, Mr. W. G., 325

Clement, Nicolas, criticism of the poet by, 347 348

Cleopatra: the poet's allusion to her part being played by a boy, 38 n 2 compared with the 'dark lady' of the sonnets 123 124 her character, 245

Clive, Mrs., 336

Clopton, Sir Hugh, the former owner of New Place, 193

Clopton, Sir John, 283

Clytemnestra, resemblance between the characters of Lady Macbeth and, 13 n

Cobham, Henry Brooke, eighth Lord, 169

'Coelia,' love-sonnets by William Browne entitled, 439 and n 2

'Coelia,' title of Percy's collection of sonnets, 435

'Coelica,' title of Fulke Greville's collection of poems, 97 n

Cokain, Sir Aston, lines on Shakespeare and Wincot ale by, 166

Coleridge, S. T., on the style of Antony and Cleopatra, 245 on The Two Noble Kinsmen, 259 representative of the aesthetic school, 333 on Edmund Kean, 338 365

Collier, John Payne, includes Mucedorus in his edition of Shakespeare, 72 his reprint of Drayton's sonnets, 110 n his forgeries in the 'Perkins Folio,' 312 and n 2, 317 n 2 324 333 362 his other forgeries (Appendix I.), 367-9

Collins, Mr. Churton, 317 n 1

Collins, Francis, Shakespeare's solicitor, 271 273

Collins, Rev. John, 321

Colte, Sir Henry, 410 n

Combe, John, bequest left to the poet by, 269 lines written upon his money-lending, 269 n

Combe, Thomas, legacy of the poet to, 276

Combe, William, his attempt to enclose common land at Stratford, 269

Comedy of Errors: the plot drawn from Plautus, 16 54 date of publication, 53 allusion to the civil war in France, 53 possibly founded on The Historie of Error, 54 performed in the hall of Gray's Inn 1594, 70 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

'Complainte of Rosamond,' Daniel's, parallelisms in Romeo and Juliet with, 56 its topic and metre reflected in 'Lucrece,' 76 77 and n 431

Concordances to Shakespeare, 364 and n

Condell, Henry, actor and a lifelong friend of Shakespeare, 36 202 203 264 the poet's bequest to him, 276 signs dedication of First Folio, 303 306

Confessio Amantis, Gower's, 244

Conspiracie of Duke Biron, The, 51 n

Constable, Henry, piratical publication of the sonnets of, 88 n followed Desportes in naming his collection of sonnets 'Diana,' 104 431 dedicatory sonnets, 440 religious sonnets, 440

Contention betwixt the two famous houses of Yorke and Lancaster, first part of the, 59

'Contr Amours,' Jodelle's, parody of the vituperative sonnet in, 122 and n

Cooke, Sir Anthony, 436

Cooke, George Frederick, actor, 338

Coral, comparison of lips with, 118 and n 2

Coriolanus: date of first publication, 246 derived from North's 'Plutarch,' 246 literal reproduction of the text of Plutarch, 246 and n originality of the humorous scenes, 246 date of composition, 246 247 general characteristics, 247 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

'Coronet for his mistress Philosophy, A,' by Chapman, 106

Coryat, 'Odcombian Banquet' by, 395

Cotes, Thomas, printer, 312

Cotswolds, the, Shakespeare's allusion to, 168

Court, the, Shakespeare's relations with, 81 83 230 232-4 cf. 251 n, 254 n, 256 n 1, 264

Cowden-Clarke, Mrs., 364

Cowley, actor, 208

'Crabbed age and youth,' etc. 182

Craig, Mr. W. J., 325

Creede, Thomas, draft of the Merry Wives of Windsor printed by, 172 draft of Henry V printed by, 173 fraudulently assigns plays to Shakespeare, 179 180

Cromwell, History of Thomas, Lord, 313

'Cryptogram, The Great,' 372

Cupid, Shakespeare's addresses to, compared with the invocations of Sidney, Drayton, Lyly, and others, 97 n

Curtain Theatre, Moorfields, one of the only two theatres existing in London at the period of Shakespeare's arrival, 32 36 the scene of some of the poet's performances, 37 closed at the period of the Civil War, 37 233 n 1

Cushman, Charlotte, 342

Cust, Mr. Lionel, 290 n

Cymbeline: sources of plot, 249 introduction of Calvinistic terms, 250 and n Imogen, 250 comparison with As You Like It, 250 Dr. Forman's note on its performance, 250 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography) 301-25

'Cynthia,' Barnfield's, adulation of Queen Elizabeth in, 137 n, 435

'Cynthia,' Ralegh's, extravagant apostrophe to Queen Elizabeth in, 137 n

Cynthia's Revels, performed at Blackfriars Theatre, 215

Cyrano de Bergerac, plagiarisms of Shakespeare by, 347

D

'Daiphantus,' allusion to the poet in Scoloker's, 277

Daniel, Samuel, parallelisms in Romeo and Juliet with his 'Complainte of Rosamond,' 56 61 the topic and metre of the 'Complainte of Rosamond' reflected in 'Lucrece,' 76 77 and n 1 feigning old age, 86 n his sonnet (xlix.) on Sleep, 101 admits plagiarism of Petrarch in his 'Delia,' 101 n 4 followed Maurice Seve in naming his collection of sonnets, 104 430 claims immortality for his sonnets, 115 his prefatory sonnet in 'Delia,' 130 429 celebrates in verse Southampton's release from prison, 149 388 his indebtedness to Desportes, 430 and to De Balt and Pierre de Brach, 431 popularity of his sonnets, 431

Danish, translations of Shakespeare in, 354

Danter, John, prints surreptitiously Romeo and Juliet, 56 Titus Andronicus entered at Stationers' Hall by, 66

Daurat (formerly Dinemandy), Jean, one of 'La Pleiade,' 443

D'Avenant, John, keeps the Crown Inn, Oxford, 265

D'Avenant, Sir William, relates the story of Shakespeare holding horses outside playhouses, 33 on the story of Southampton's gift to Shakespeare, 126 374 a letter of King James to the poet once in his possession, 231 Shakespeare's alleged paternity of, 265 328

Davies, Archdeacon, vicar of Saperton, on Shakespeare's 'unluckiness' in poaching, 27 on 'Justice Clodpate' (Justice Shallow), 29 362

Davies, John, of Hereford, his allusion to the parts played by Shakespeare, 44 celebrates in verse Southampton's release from prison, 149 388 his 'Wittes Pilgrimage,' 439 sonnets to patrons, 440 n

Davies, Sir John: his 'gulling sonnets,' a satire on conventional sonnetteering, 106 107 and n 1 128 n, 435 436 his apostrophe to Queen Elizabeth, 137 n 273

Davison, Francis, his translation of Petrarch's sonnet, 102 n dedication of his 'Poetical Rhapsody' to the Earl of Pembroke, 414

Death-mask, the Kesselstadt, 296 and n 1

'Decameron,' the, indebtedness of Shakespeare to, 163 249 251 and n2

Dedications, 392-400

'Dedicatory' sonnets, of Shakespeare, 125 seq. of other Elizabethan poets, 138 n 2 140 141

Defence of Cony-Catching, 47 n

Dekker, Thomas, 48 n the quarrel with Ben Jonson, 214-20 228 n 225 on King James's entry into London, 232 his song 'Oh, sweet content' an echo of Barnes's 'Ah, sweet Content,' 433 n 1

'Delia,' title of Daniel's collection of sonnets, 104 118 n 2, 130 430 434 See also under Daniel, Samuel

'Delie,' sonnets by Seve entitled, 442

Delius, Nikolaus, edition of Shakespeare by, 324 studies of the text and metre of the poet by, 345

Dennis, John, on the Merry Wives of Windsor, 171 172 his tribute to the poet, 332

Derby, Ferdinando Stanley, Earl of, his patronage of actors, 35 performances by his company, 56 59 66 73 Spenser's bestowal of the title of 'Amyntas' on, 385 n 2

Derby, William Stanley, Earl of, 161

Desmond, Earl of, Ben Jonson's apostrophe to the, 140

Desportes, Philippe, his sonnet on Sleep, 101 and 431 plagiarised by Drayton and others, 103 and n 3, 430 seq. plagiarised indirectly by Shakespeare, 110 111 his claim for the immortality of verse, 114 and n 1 Daniel's indebtedness to him, 430 431 443 444 445 n

Deutsche Shakespeare-Gesellschaft, 365

Devrient family, the, stage representation of Shakespeare by, 346

Diana, George de Montemayor's, and Two Gentlemen of Verona, 53 translations of, 53

'Diana' the title of Constable's collection of sonnets, 88 n 96 n 104 431

Diderot, opposition to Voltaire's strictures by, 348

'Diella,' sonnets by 'R. L.' [Richard Linche], 437

Digges, Leonard, on the superior popularity of Julius Caesar to Jonson's Catiline, 220 n commendatory verses on the poet, 276 n 1 300 306 on the poet's popularity, 329

'Don Quixote' and the lost play Cardenio, 258

Doncaster, the name of Shakespeare at, 1

Donne Dr. John, his poetic addresses to the Countess of Bedford, 138 n 2 expression of 'love' in his 'Verse Letters,' 141 his anecdote about Shakespeare and Jonson, 177

Donnelly, Mr. Ignatius, 372

Dorell, Hadrian, writer of the preface to the story of 'Avisa,' 157

Double Falsehood, or the Distrest Lovers, 258 259 and n 1

Douce, Francis, 364

Dowdall, John, 362

Dowden, Professor, 333 416 n 364 365

Drake, Nathan, 363

Drayton, Michael, 61 feigning old age in his sonnets, 86 n his invocations to Cupid, 97 n plagiarisms in his sonnets, 103 and n 2 434 follows Claude de Pontoux in naming his heroine 'Idea,' 104 105 n 1 his admission of insincerity in his sonnets, 105 Shakespeare's indebtedness to his sonnets, 110 n claims immortality for his sonnets, 115 use of the word 'love,' 127 n title of 'Hymn' given to some of his poems, 135 n identified by some as the 'rival poet,' 135 adulation in his sonnets, 138 n 2 Shakespeare's Sonnet cxliv. adapted from, 153 n 2 entertained by Shakespeare at New Place, Stratford, 271 427 n 2 greetings to his patron in his works, 398

Droeshout, Martin, engraver of the portrait in the First Folio, 287-8 his uncle of the same name, a painter, 290

Droitwich, native place of John Heming, one of Shakespeare's actor-friends, 31 n

Drummond, William, of Hawthornden, his translations of Petrarch's sonnets, 104 n 4 111 n Italian origin of many of his love-sonnets, 104 and n translation of a vituperative sonnet from Marino, 122 n 1 translation of a sonnet by Tasso, 152 n two self-reproachful sonnets by him, 152 n See also (Appendix) 439 and n 1

Dryden, a criticism of the poet's work by, 330 presented with a copy of the Chandos portrait of the poet, 330 361

Ducis, Jean-Francois, adaptations of the poet for the French stage 349 352

Dugdale, Gilbert, 231 n

Dulwich, manor of, purchased by Edward Alleyn, 204 233 n 1

Dumain, Lord, in Love's Labour's Lost, 51 n

Dumas, Alexandre, adaptation of Hamlet by, 351

Duport, Paul, repeats Voltaire's censure, 350

Dyce, Alexander, 259 n 1 on The Two Noble Kinsmen, 259 his edition of Shakespeare, 323

E

Ecclesiastes, Book of, poetical versions of, 441 and n 1

Eden, translation of Magellan's 'Voyage to the South Pole' by, 253

Edgar, Eleazar, publisher, 390

Editions of Shakespeare's works. See under Quarto and Folio

Editors of Shakespeare, in the eighteenth century, 313-22 in the nineteenth century, 323-5 of variorum editions, 322 323

Education of Shakespeare: the poet's masters at Stratford Grammar School, 13 his instruction in Latin, 13 no proof that he studied the Greek tragedians, 13 n alleged knowledge of the classics and of Italian and French literature, 13 14 15 16 study of the Bible in his schooldays, 16 17 and n 1 removal from school, 18

Edward II, Marlowe's, Richard II suggested by, 64

Edward III, a play of uncertain authorship, 71 quotation from one of Shakespeare's sonnets, 72 89 and n 2

Edwardes, Richard, author of the lost play Palaemon and Arcyte, 260

Edwards, Thomas, 'Canons of Criticism' of, 319

Eld, George, printer, 90 180 399 n 2 401 402

Elizabeth, Princess, marriage of, performance of The Tempest, etc. at, 254 258 262 264

Elizabeth, Queen: her visit to Kenilworth, 17 Shakespeare and other actors play before her, 43 70 81 shows the poet special favour, 81 82 her enthusiasm for Falstaff, 82 extravagant compliments to her, 137 called 'Cynthia' by the poets, 148 elegies on her, 147 148 compliment to her in Midsummer Night's Dream, 161 her objections to Richard II, 175 death, 230 her imprisonment of Southampton, 380

Elizabethan Stage Society, 70 n 1 210 n 2

Elton, Mr. Charles, Q.C., on the dower of the poet's widow, 274 n

Elze, Friedrich Karl, 'Life of Shakespeare' by, 364 Shakespeare studies of, 345

'Emaricdulfe,' sonnets by 'E.C.,' 153 n 1 436

Endymion, Lyly's, and Love's Labour's Lost, 62

Eschenburg, Johann Joachim, completes Wieland's German prose translation of Shakespeare, 343

Error, Historie of, and Comedy of Errors, 54

Essex, Robert Devereux, second Earl of, company of actors under the patronage of, 33 an enthusiastic reception predicted for him in London in Henry V, 174 trial and execution, 175 176 his relations with the Earl of Southampton, 376 377 380 383

Euphues, Lyly's, Polonius's advice to Laertes borrowed from, 62 n

Euripides, Andromache of, 13 n

Evans, Sir Hugh, quotes Latin phrases, 15 sings snatches of Marlowe's 'Come live with me and be my love,' 65

Evelyn, John, on the change of taste regarding the drama, 329 n 2

Every Man in his Humour, Shakespeare takes a part in the performance of, 44 176 prohibition on its publication, 208

F

Faire Em, a play of doubtful authorship, 72

Falstaff, Queen Elizabeth's enthusiasm for, 82 171 named originally 'Sir John Oldcastle,' 169 objections raised to the name, 170 the attraction of his personality, 170 his last moments, 173 letter from the Countess of Southampton on, 383 and n 1

Farmer, Dr. Richard, on Shakespeare's education, 14 15 363

Farmer, Mr. John S., 386 n 1

'Farmer MS., the Dr.,' Davies's 'gulling sonnets' in, 107 n 1

Fastolf, Sir John, 170

Faucit, Helen. See Martin, Lady

Felix and Philomena, History of, 53

'Fidessa,' Griffin's, 182 n 431 437

Field, Henry, father of the London printer, 186

Field, Richard, a friend of Shakespeare, 32 apprenticed to the London printer, Thomas Vautrollier, 32 his association with the poet, 32 publishes 'Venus and Adonis,' 74 396 and 'Lucrece,' 76 396

Finnish, translations of Shakespeare in, 354

Fisher, Mr. Clement, 166

Fitton, Mary, and the 'dark lady,' 123 n 406 n 415 n

Fleay, Mr. F. G., metrical tables by, 49 n on Shakespeare's and Drayton's sonnets, 110 n 363

Fletcher, Giles, on Time, 77 n 2 his 'imitation' of other poets, 103 admits insincerity in his sonnets, 105 his 'Licia,' 433

Fletcher, John, 181 184 258 collaborates with Shakespeare in The Two Noble Kinsmen and Henry VIII, 259 262

Fletcher, Lawrence, actor, takes a theatrical company to Scotland, 41 and n 1 231

Florio, John, and Holofernes, 51 n 84 n the sonnet prefixed to his 'Second Frutes,' 84 and n Southampton's protege, 84 n his translation of Montaigne's 'Essays,' 84 n 253 his 'Worlde of Wordes,' 84 n 387 his praise of Southampton, 131 (and Appendix IV.) Southampton's Italian tutor, 376 384

Folio, the First, 1623: editor's note as to the ease with which the poet wrote, 46 the syndicate for its production, 303 304 its contents, 305 306 prefatory matter, 306 307 value of the text, 307 order of the plays, 307 308 the typography, 308 unique copies, 308-10 the Sheldon copy, 309 and n 310 number of extant copies, 311 reprints, 311 the 'Daniel' copy, 311 dedicated to the Earl of Pembroke, 412

Folio, the Second, 312

Folio, the Third, 312 313

Folio, the Fourth, 313

Ford, John, similarity of theme between a song in his Broken Heart and Shakespeare's Sonnet cxxvi., 97 n

Forgeries in the 'Perkins' Folio, 312 and n 2

Forgeries, Shakespearean (Appendix I.), 365-9 of John Jordan, 365 366 of the Irelands, 366 promulgated by John Payne Collier and others, 367-369

Forman, Dr. Simon, 239 250

Forrest, Edwin, American actor, 342

Fortune Theatre, 212 233 n 1

France, versions and criticisms of Shakespeare in, 347-50 stage representation of the poet in, 350 351 bibliographical note on the sonnet in (1550-1600) (Appendix X.), 442-5

Fraunce, Abraham, 385 n 2

Freiligrath, Ferdinand von, German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

French, the poet's acquaintance with, 14 15

French, George Russell, 363

'Freyndon' (or Frittenden), 1

Friendship, sonnets of, Shakespeare's, 136 138-47

Frittenden, Kent. See Freyndon

Fulbroke Park and the poaching episode, 28

Fuller, Thomas, allusion in his 'Worthies' to Sir John Fastolf, 170 on the 'wit combats' between Shakespeare and Jonson, 178 the first biographer of the poet, 361

Fulman, Rev. W., 362

Furness, Mr. H. H., his 'New Variorum' edition of Shakespeare, 323 341

Furness, Mrs. H. H., 364

Furnivall, Dr. F. J., 49 n 302 n 325 334 364

G

Gale, Dunstan, 397

Ganymede, Barnfield's sonnets to, 435 and n 4

Garnett, Henry, the Jesuit, probably alluded to in Macbeth, 239

Garrick, David, 315 334 335-7

Gascoigne, George, his definition of a sonnet, 95 n 2 his Supposes, 164

Gastrell, Rev, Francis, 283

Gates, Sir Thomas, 252

Germany, Shakespearean representations in, 340 346 translations of the poet's works and criticisms in, 342-6 Shakespeare Society in, 346

Gervinus, 'Commentaries' by, 49 n 346

'Gesta Romanorum' and the Merchant of Venice, 67

Ghost in Hamlet, the, played by Shakespeare, 44

Gilchrist, Octavius, 363

Gildon, Charles, on the rapid production of the Merry Wives of Windsor, 172 on the dispute at Eton as to the supremacy of Shakespeare as a poet, 328 n

Giovanni (Fiorentino), Ser, Shakespeare's indebtedness to his 'Il Pecorone,' 14 66 172

Giuletta, La, by Luigi da Porto, 55 n 1

'Globe' edition of Shakespeare, 325

Globe Theatre: built in 1599, 37 196 described by Shakespeare, 37 cf. 173 mainly occupied by the poet's company after 1599, 37 profits shared by Shakespeare, 37 196 200 201 the leading London theatre, 37 revival of Richard II at, 175 litigation of Burbage's heirs, 200 prices of admission, 201 annual receipts, 201 performance of A Winter's Tale, 251 its destruction by fire, 260 261 n the new building, 260 Shakespeare's disposal of his shares, 264

Goethe, criticism and adaptation of Shakespeare by, 345

Golding, Arthur, his English version of the 'Metamorphoses,' 15 16 116 n 162 253

Gollancz, Mr. Israel, 222 n 325

Googe, Barnabe, his use of the word 'sonnet,' 427 n 2

Gosson, Stephen, his 'Schoole of Abuse,' 67

Gottsched, J. C., denunciation of Shakespeare by, 343

Gounod, opera of Romeo and Juliet by, 351

Gower, John, represented by the speaker of the prologues in Pericles, 244 his 'Confessio Amantis,' 244

Gower, Lord Ronald, 297

Grammaticus, Saxo, 222

Grave, Shakespeare's, 272

Gray's Inn Hall, performance of The Comedy of Errors in, 70 and n

Greek, Shakespeare's alleged acquaintance with, 13 and n 16

Green, C. F., 364

Greene, Robert, charged with selling the same play to two companies, 47 n his attack on Shakespeare, 57 his publisher's apology, 58 his share in the original draft of Henry VI, 60 his influence on Shakespeare, 61 describes a meeting with a player, 198 A Winter's Tale founded on his Pandosto, 251 dedicatory greetings in his works, 398

Greene, Thomas, actor at the Red Bull Theatre, 31 n

Greene, Thomas ('alias Shakespeare'), a tenant of New Place, and Shakespeare's legal adviser, 195 206 269 270 and n

Greenwich Palace, Shakespeare and other actors play before Queen Elizabeth at, 43 44 n 1 70 81 82

Greet, hamlet in Gloucestershire, identical with the 'Greece' in the Taming of the Shrew, 167

Grendon, near Oxford, Shakespeare's alleged sojourn there, 31

Greville, Sir Fulke, complains of the circulation of uncorrected manuscript copies of the 'Arcadia,' 88 n invocations to Cupid in his collection, 'Coelica,' 97 n his 'Sonnets,' 438 439

Griffin, Bartholomew, 182 n plagiarises Daniel, 431 437

Griggs, Mr. W., 302 n

Grimm, Baron, recognition of Shakespeare's greatness by, 349 350 n 1

'Groats-worth of Wit,' Greene's pamphlet containing his attack on Shakespeare, 57

Guizot, Francois, revision of Le Tourneur's translation by, 350

'Gulling sonnets,' Sir John Davies's, 106 107 435 436 Shakespeare's Sonnet xxvi. parodied in, 128 n

H

'H., Mr. W.,' 'patron' of Thorpe's pirated issue of the Sonnets, 92 identified with William Hall, 92 402 403 his publication of Southwell's 'A Foure-fould Meditation,' 92 erroneously said to indicate the Earl of Pembroke, 94 406-415 improbability of the suggestion that a William Hughes was indicated, 93 n 'W. H.'s' true relations with Thomas Thorpe, 390-405

Hacket, Marian and Cicely, in the Taming of the Shrew, 164-6

Hal, Prince, 169 173

Hales, John (of Eton), on the superiority of Shakespeare to all other poets, 328 and n

Hall, Elizabeth, the poet's granddaughter, 192 266 275 her first marriage to Thomas Nash, and her second marriage to John Barnard (or Bernard), 282 her death and will, 282 283

Hall, Dr. John, the poet's son-in-law, 266 268 273 281

Hall, Mrs. Susanna, the poet's elder daughter, 192 205 266 inherits the chief part of the poet's estate, 275 281 her death, her 'witty' disposition, 281

Hall, William (1), on the inscription over the poet's grave, 272 and n 2 362

Hall, William (2), see 'H., Mr. W.'

Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard, the indenture of the poet's property in Blackfriars in the collection of, 267 n his edition of Shakespeare, 325 312 his great labours on Shakespeare's biography, 333 363 364

Hamlet: parallelisms in the Electra of Sophocles, the Andromache of Euripides, and the Persae of AEschylus, 13 n Polonius's advice to Laertes borrowed from Lyly's Euphues, 62 n allusion to boy-actors, 213 n 2 214 and n 1 216 date of production, 221 previous popularity of the story on the stage, 221 and n sources drawn upon by the poet, 221-2 success of Burbage in the title-part, 222 the problem of its publication, 222-4 the three versions, 222-4 Theobald's emendations, 224 its world-wide popularity, 224 the longest of all the poet's plays, 224 the humorous element, 224 225 its central interest, 225 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Hanmer, Sir Thomas, 224 his edition of Shakespeare, 318

Harington, Sir John, translates Ariosto, 208

Harington, Lucy, her marriage to the third Earl of Bedford, 161

Harness, William, 324

Harrison, John, publisher of 'Lucrece,' 76

Harsnet, 'Declaration of Popish Impostures' by, 241

Hart family, the, and the poet's reputed birthplace, 8

Hart, Joan, Shakespeare's sister, 8 his bequest to her, 276 her three sons, 276 283

Hart, John, 283

Hart, Joseph. C., 371

Harvey, Gabriel, bestows on Spenser the title of 'an English Petrarch,' 101 justifies the imitation of Petrarch, 101 n 4 his parody of sonnetteering, 106 121 and n his advice to Barnes, 133 his 'Four Letters and certain Sonnets,' 440

Hathaway, Anne. See Shakespeare, Anne

Hathaway, Catherine, sister of Anne Hathaway, 19

Hathaway, Joan, mother of Anne Hathaway, 19

Hathaway, Richard, marriage of his daughter Anne (or Agnes) to the poet, 18 19-22 his position as a yeoman, 18 19 his will, 19

Haughton, William, 48 n 418

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 371

Hazlitt, William, and Shakespearean criticism, 333 364 365

Healey, John, 400 403 n 2 408 409

'Hecatommithi,' Cinthio's, Shakespeare's indebtedness to, 14 53 236

Heine, studies of Shakespeare's heroines by, 345

Helena in All's Well that Ends Well, 163

Heming, John (actor-friend of Shakespeare), wrongly claimed as a native of Stratford, 31 n 36 202 203 264 the poet's bequest to, 276 signs dedication of First Folio, 303 306

Henderson, John, actor, 337

Heneage, Sir Thomas, 375 n 3

Henley-in-Arden, 4

Henrietta Maria, Queen, billeted on Mrs. Hall (the poet's daughter) at Stratford, 281

Henry IV (parts i. and ii.): passage ridiculing the affectations of Euphues, 62 n sources drawn upon, 167 Justice Shallow, 29 168 references to persons and districts familiar to the poet, 167 168 the characters, 68 169 170 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Henry V, The Famous Victories of, the groundwork of Henry V and of Henry V, 167 174

Henry V: French dialogues, 1 disdainful allusion to sonnetteering, 108 date of production 173 imperfect drafts of the play, 173 First Folio version of 1623, 173 the comic characters, 173 the victory of Agincourt, 174 the poet's final experiment in the dramatisation of English history, 174 the allusions to the Earl of Essex, 175 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Henry VI (pt. i.): performed at the Rose Theatre in 1592, 56 Nash's remarks on, 56 57 first publication, 58 contains only a slight impress of the poet's style, 59 performed by Lord Strange's men, 59

Henry VI (pt. ii.): parallel in the OEdipus Coloneus of Sophocles with a passage in, 13 n publication of a first draft with the title of The first part of the Contention betwixt the two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster, 59 performed by Lord Strange's men, 59 revision of the play, 60 the poet's coadjutors in the revision, 60

Henry VI (pt. iii.): performed by a company other than the poet's own, 36 performed in the autumn of 1592, 57 publication of a first draft of the play under the title of The True Tragedie of Richard, Duke of Yorke, &c., 59 performed by Lord Pembroke's men, 36 59 partly remodelled, 60 the poet's coadjutors in the revision, 60 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Henry VIII, 174 attributed to Shakespeare and Fletcher, 259 noticed by Sir Henry Wotton, 260 first publication, 261 the portions that can confidently be assigned to Shakespeare, 262 uncertain authorship of Wolsey's farewell to Cromwell, 262 Fletcher's share, 262 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Henryson, Robert, 227

Henslowe, Philip, erects the Rose Theatre, 36 bribes a publisher to abandon the publication of Patient Grissell, 48 n 180 n 225 260

'Heptameron of Civil Discources,' Whetstone's, 237

'Herbert, Mr. William,' his alleged identity with 'Mr. W. H.' (Appendix VI.), 406-10

Herder, Johann Gottfried, 343

'Hero and Leander,' Marlowe's, quotation in As You Like It, from, 64

Herringman, H., 313

Hervey, Sir William, 375 n 3

Hess, J. R., 342

Heyse, Paul, German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

Heywood, Thomas, his allusion to the dislike of actors to the publication of plays, 48 n his poems pirated in the 'Passionate Pilgrim,' 182 301 328

Hill, John, marriage of his widow, Agnes or Anne, to Robert Arden, 6

Holinshed's 'Chronicles,' materials taken by Shakespeare from, 17 47 63 64 167 239 241 249

Holland, translations of Shakespeare in, 352

Holland, Hugh, 306

Holmes, Nathaniel, 372

Holmes, William, bookseller, 403 n 1

Holofernes, quotes Latin phrases from Lily's grammar, 15 groundless assumption that he is a caricature of Florio, 51 n 84 n

Horace, his claim for the immortality of verse, 114 and n 1 116 n

Hotspur, 168 169

Howard of Effingham, the Lord Admiral, Charles, Lord, his company of actors, 35 its short alliance with Shakespeare's company, 37 Spenser's sonnet to, 140

Hudson, Rev. H. N., 325

Hughes, Mrs. Margaret, plays female parts in the place of boys, 335

Hughes, William, and 'Mr. W. H.,' 93 n

Hugo, Francois Victor, translation of Shakespeare by, 350

Hugo, Victor, 350

Humourous Day's Mirth, An, 51 n

Hungary, translations and performances of Shakespeare in, 353

Hunsdon (Lord Chamberlain), George Carey, second Lord, his company of players, 35 promotion of the company to be the King's players on the accession of King James, 35

Hunsdon (Lord Chamberlain), Henry Carey, first Lord, his company of players, 35 Shakespeare a member of this company, 36

Hunt, Thomas, master of Stratford Grammar School, 13

Hunter, Rev. Joseph, 333 363 406

'Huon of Bordeaux,' hints for the story of Oberon from, 162

'Hymn,' use of the word as the title of poems, 133 134 135 n

'Hymnes of Astraea,' Sir John Davies's, 440

I

'Idea',' title of Drayton's collection of sonnets, 104 105 434

'Ignoto,' 183

Immortality of verse, claimed by Shakespeare for his sonnets, 113 114 115 and n a common theme with classical and French writers, 114 and n 1 treated by Drayton and Daniel, 115

Imogen, the character of, 249 250

Income, Shakespeare's, 196-204

Incomes of actors, 198 199 and n 2

India, translations and representations of Shakespeare in, 354

Ingannati, (Gl'), its resemblance to Twelfth Night, 210

Ingram, Dr., on the 'weak endings' in Shakespeare, 49 n

Ireland forgeries, the (Appendix 1.), 366

Ireland, Samuel, on the poaching episode, 28

Irishman, the only, in Shakespeare's dramatis personae, 173

Irving, Sir Henry, 339

Italian, the poet's acquaintance with, 14-16 cf. 66 n 3

Italy, Shakespeare's knowledge of, 43 translations and performances of Shakespeare in, 352 the original home of the sonnet, 442 n 2 list of sonnetteers of the sixteenth century in, 442 n 2

Itinerary of Shakespeare's company in the provinces between 1593 and 1614, 40 and n 1

J

Jaggard, Isaac, 305

Jaggard, William, piratically inserts two of Shakespeare's sonnets in his 'Passionate Pilgrim,' 89 182 299 390 396 prints the First Folio, 303 304

James VI of Scotland and I of England, his favour bestowed on actors, 41 n 1 sonnets to, 440 his appreciation of Shakespeare, 82 his accession to the English throne, 147 148 149 grants a license to the poet and his company, 230 his patronage of Shakespeare and his company 232-4 411 performances of A Winter's Tale and The Tempest before him, 251 and n 254 255 256 n

James, Sir Henry, 311

Jameson, Mrs., 365

Jamyn, Amadis, 432 443 444 455 n

Jansen, Cornelius, alleged portrait of Shakespeare by, 294

Jansen or Janssen, Gerard, 276

Jeronimo, resemblance between the stories of Hamlet and, 221 n

Jew of Malta, Marlowe's, 68

Jew . . . showne at the Bull, a lost play, 67

Jodelle, Estienne, resemblances in 'Venus and Adonis' to a poem by, 75 n 2 his parody of the vituperative sonnet, 121 122 and n and 'La Pleiade,' 443

John, King, old play on, attributed to the poet, 181

John, King, Shakespeare's play of, printed in 1623, 69 the originality and strength of the three chief characters in, 69 70 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography) 301-325

Johnson, Dr., his story of Shakespeare, 33 his edition of Shakespeare, 319 320 321 his reply to Voltaire, 348

Johnson, Gerard, his monument to the poet in Stratford Church, 276

Johnson, Robert, lyrics set to music by, 255 and n

Jones, Inigo, designs scenic decoration for masques, 38 n 2

Jonson, Ben, on Shakespeare's lack of exact scholarship, 16 Shakespeare takes part in the performance of Every Man in his Humour and in Sejanus, 44 on Titus Andronicus, 65 on the appreciation of Shakespeare shown by Elizabeth and James I, 82 on metrical artifice in sonnets, 106 n 1 use of the word 'lover,' 127 n identified by some as the 'rival poet,' 136 his 'dedicatory' sonnets, 138 n 2 his apostrophe of the Earl of Desmond, 140 relations with Shakespeare, 176 177 gift of Shakespeare to his son, 177 share in the appendix to 'Love's' Martyr,' 183 quarrel with Marston and Dekker, 214-20 his 'Poetaster,' 217 218 and n allusions to him in the Return from Parnassus, 219 his scornful criticism of Julius Caesar, 220 n satiric allusion to A Winters Tale, 251 his sneering reference to The Tempest in Bartholomew Fair, 255 entertained by Shakespeare at New Place, Stratford, 271 testimony to Shakespeare's character, 277 his tribute to Shakespeare in the First Folio, 306 311 327 his Hue and Cry after Cupid, 432 n 2 Thorpe's publication of some of his works, 395 n 3 401

Jordan, John, forgeries of (Appendix 1.), 365 366

Jordan, Mrs., 338 339

Jordan, Thomas, his lines on men playing female parts, 335 n

Jourdain, Sylvester, 252

'Jubilee,' Shakespeare's, 334

Julius Caesar: use of the word 'lovers,' 127 n plot drawn from Plutarch, 211 date of production, 211 a play of the same title acted in 1594, 211 general features of the play 211 212 Jonson's hostile criticism, 220 n For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Jusserand, M. J. J., 42 n 1 348 n 1 351 n 2

K

Kean, Edmund, 338 351

Keller, A., German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

Kemble, Charles, 351

Kemble, John Philip, 337

Kemp, William, comedian, plays at Greenwich Palace, 43 208 219

Kenilworth, Elizabeth's visit to, 17 cf. 162

Ketzcher, N., translation into Russian by, 353

Killigrew, Thomas, and the substitution of women for boys in female parts, 334

King's players, the company of, 35 Shakespeare one of its members, 36 the poet's plays performed almost exclusively by, 36 theatres at which it performed, 36 37 provincial towns which it visited between 1594 and 1614, 40 and n 1 King James's license to, 230 231

Kirkland, the name of Shakespeare at, 1

Kirkman, Francis, publisher, 181

Knight, Charles, 324

Knollys, Sir William, 415 n

Kok, A. S., translation in Dutch by, 352

Korner, J., German translation of Shakespeare by, 345

Kraszewski, Polish translation edited by, 353

Kreyssig, Friedrich A. T., studies of the poet by, 345

Kyd, Thomas, influence of, on Shakespeare, 61 222 n and Titus Andronicus, 65 his Spanish Tragedy, 65 221 and the story of Hamlet, 221 and n Shakespeare's acquaintance with his work, 222 n

L

'L., H.,' initials on seal attesting Shakespeare's autograph. See Lawrence, Henry

La Harpe and the Shakespearean controversy in France, 349

Labe, Louise, 445 n

Lamb, Charles, 259 338

Lambarde, William, 175

Lambert, Edmund, mortgagee of the Asbies property, 12 26 164

Lambert, John, proposal to confer upon him an absolute title to the Asbies property, 26 John Shakespeare's lawsuit against, 195

Lane, Nicholas, a creditor of John Shakespeare, 186

Langbaine, Gerard, 66 362

Laroche, Benjamin, translation by, 350

Latin, the poet's acquaintance with, 13 15 16

'Latten,' use of the word in Shakespeare, 177 n

'Laura,' Shakespeare's allusion to her as Petrarch's heroine, 108 title of Tofte's collection of sonnets, 438

Law, the poet's knowledge of, 32 and cf. n 2 and 107

Lawrence, Henry, his seal beneath Shakespeare's autograph, 267

Lear, King: date of composition, 241 produced at Whitehall, 241 Butter's imperfect editions, 241 sources of story, 241 the character of the King, 242 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography) 301-25

Legal terminology in plays and poems of the Shakespearean period, 32 n 2 430 cf. 107

Legge, Dr. Thomas, a Latin piece on Richard III by, 63

Leicester, Earl of, his entertainment of Queen Elizabeth at Kenilworth, 17 162 his regiment of Warwickshire youths for service in the Low Countries, 30 his company of players, 33 35

Leo, F. A. 346

Leoni, Michele, Italian translation of the poet issued by, 352

'Leopold' Shakspere, the, 325

Lessing, defence of Shakespeare by, 343

L'Estrange, Sir Nicholas, 176

Le Tourneur, Pierre, French prose translation of Shakespeare by, 349

'Licia,' Fletcher's collection of sonnets called, 77 n 2 103 105 113 n 5 433

Linche, Richard, his sonnets entitled 'Diella,' 437

Lintot, Bernard, 231

Locke (or Lok), Henry, sonnets by, 388 441

Locrine, Tragedie of, 179

Lodge, Thomas, 57 61 his 'Scillaes Metamorphosis' drawn upon by Shakespeare for 'Venus and Adonis,' 75 and n 2 his plagiarisms, 103 and n 3 433 comparison of lips with coral in 'Phillis,' 118 n 2 his 'Rosalynde' the foundation of As You Like It, 209 his 'Phillis,' 417 433

London Prodigall, 180 313

Lope de Vega dramatises the story of Romeo and Juliet, 55 n 1

Lopez, Roderigo, Jewish physician, 68 and n

Lorkin, Rev. Thomas, on the burning of the Globe Theatre, 261 n

Love, treatment of, in Shakespeare's sonnets, 97 and n 98 112 113 and n 2 in the sonnets of other writers, 104-6 113 n 2

'Lover' and 'love' synonymous with 'friend' and 'friendship' in Elizabethan English, 127 n

'Lover's Complaint, A,' possibly written by Shakespeare, 91

Love's Labour's Lost: Latin phrases in, 15 probably the poet's first dramatic production, 50 its plot not borrowed, 51 its characters, 51 and n 52 its revision in 1597, 52 date of publication, 52 influence of Lyly, 62 performed at Whitehall, 81 examples of the poet's first attempts at sonnetteering, 84 scornful allusion to sonnetteering, 107 the praise of 'blackness,' 118 119 and n 2 performed before Anne of Denmark at Southampton's house in the Strand, 384 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Love's Labour's Won, attributed by Meres to Shakespeare, 162 See All's Well

'Love's Martyr, or Rosalin's Complaint,' 183 184 n 304

Lowell, James Russell, 13 n 341

Lucian, the Timon of, 243

'Lucrece:' published in 1594, 76 Daniel's 'Complainte of Rosamond' reflected, 76 77 and n 1 the passage on Time elaborated from Watson, 77 and n 2 dedicated to the Earl of Southampton, 77 78 126 127 enthusiastic reception of, 78-9 quarto editions in the poet's lifetime, 299 posthumous editions, 300

Lucy, Sir Thomas, his prosecution of Shakespeare for poaching, 27 28 caricatured in Justice Shallow, 29 173

Luddington, 20

Lydgate, 'Troy Book' of, drawn upon for Troilus and Cressida, 227

Lyly, John, 61 followed by Shakespeare in his comedies, 61 62 his addresses to Cupid, 97 n his influence on Midsummer Night's Dream, 162

Lyrics in Shakespeare's plays, 207 250 255 and n

M

'M. I.' 306 See also 'S., I. M.'

Macbeth: references to the climate of Inverness, 41 n 3 42 date of composition, 239 the story drawn from Holinshed, 239 points of difference from other plays of the same class, 240 Middleton's plagiarisms, 240 not printed until 1623, 239 the shortest of the poet's tragedies, 239 performance at the Globe, 239 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Macbeth, Lady, and AEschylus's Clytemnestra, 13 n

Mackay, Mr. Herbert, on the dower of the poet's widow, 274

Macklin, Charles, 336 337

Macready, William Charles, 339 351

Madden, Rt. Hon. D. H., on Shakespeare's knowledge of sport, 27 n 168 364

Magellan, 'Voyage to the South Pole' by, 253

Magny, Olivier de, 443

Malone, Edmund, on Shakespeare's first employment in the theatre, 34 on the poet's residence, 38 on the date of The Tempest, 254 332 333 his writings on the poet, 321 322 362

Malvolio, 211

Manners, Lady Bridget, 378 379 and n

Manningham, John (diarist), a description of Twelfth Night by, 210

Manuscript, circulation of sonnets in, 88 and n (Appendix ix.), 391 396

Marino, vituperative sonnet by, 122 n 1 442 n 2

Markham, Gervase, his adulation of Southampton in his sonnets, 131 134 387

Marlowe, Christopher, 57 his share in the revision of Henry VI, 60 his influence on Shakespeare, 61 63-4 Shakespeare's acknowledgments, 64 his translation of Lucan, 90 393 399

Marmontel and the Shakespearean controversy in France, 349

Marot, Clement, 442

Marriage, treatment of, in the Sonnets, 98

Marshall, Mr. F. A., 325

Marston, John, identified by some as the 'rival poet,' 136 183 his quarrel with Jonson, 214-20

Martin, one of the English actors who played in Scotland, 41 and n 1

Martin, Lady, 298 339 365

Masks worn by men playing women's parts, 38 n 2

Massey, Mr. Gerald, on the Sonnets, 91 n 1

Massinger, Philip, 258 portions of The Two Noble Kinsmen assigned to, 259 and Henry VIII, 263 and n 2

'Mastic,' use of the word, 228 n

Masuccio, the story of Romeo and Juliet told in his Novellino, 55

Matthew, Sir Toby, 375 383

Measure for Measure: the offence of Claudio, 23 n date of composition, 235 produced at Whitehall, 235 not printed in the poet's lifetime, 235 source of plot, 236 deviations from the old story, 237 238 creation of the character of Mariana, 238 the philosophic subtlety of the poet's argument, 238 references to a ruler's dislike of mobs, 238 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Melin de Saint-Gelais, 442

Memorials in sculpture to the poet, 297

Menaechmi of Plautus, 54

Mendelssohn, setting of Shakespearean songs by, 347

Merchant of Venice: the influence of Marlowe, 63 68 sources of the plot, 66 67 the last act, 69 date of, 69 use of the word 'lover,' 127 n For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Meres, Francis, recommends Shakespeare's 'sugred' sonnets, 89 his quotations from Horace and Ovid on the immortalising power of verse, 116 n attributes Love's Labour's Won to Shakespeare, 162 testimony to the poet's reputation, 178 179 390

Mermaid Tavern, 177 178

Merry Devill of Edmonton, 181 258 n 2

Merry Wives of Windsor: Latin phrases put into the mouth of Sir Hugh Evans, 15 Sir Thomas Lucy caricatured in Justice Shallow, 29 lines from Marlowe sung by Sir Hugh Evans, 64 65 period of production, 171 publication of, 172 source of the plot, 172 chief characteristics, 173 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Metre of Shakespeare's plays a rough guide to the chronology, 48-50 of Shakespeare's poems, 75-77 of Shakespeare's sonnets, 95 and n 2

Mezieres, Alfred, 350

Michel, Francisque, translation by, 350

Middle Temple Hall, performance of Twelfth Night at, 210

Middleton, Thomas, his allusion to Le Motte in Blurt, Master Constable, 51 n his plagiarisms of Macbeth in The Witch, 240

Midsummer Night's Dream: references to the pageants at Kenilworth Park, 17 162 reference to Spenser's 'Teares of the Muses,' 80 date of production, 161 sources of the story, 162 the final scheme, 162 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Milton, applies the epithet 'sweetest' to Shakespeare, 179 n his epitaph on Shakespeare, 327

Minto, Professor, claims Chapman as Shakespeare's 'rival' poet, 135 n

Miranda, character of, 256

'Mirror of Martyrs,' 211

Miseries of Enforced Marriage, 243

'Monarcho, Fantasticall,' 51 n

Money, its purchasing power in the sixteenth century, 3 n 3 197 n

Montagu, Mrs. Elizabeth, 348

Montaigne, 'Essays' of, 85 n 253 n

Montegut, Emile, translation by, 350

Montemayor, George de, 53

Montgomery, Philip Herbert, Earl of, 306 381 410

Monument to Shakespeare in Stratford Church, 276 286

Morley, Lord, 410 n

Moseley, Humphrey, publisher, 181 258

Moth, in Love's Labour's Lost, 51 n

Moulton, Dr. Richard G. 365

Mucedorus, a play by an unknown author, 72

Much Ado about Nothing: a jesting allusion to sonnetteering, 108 its publication, 207 208 date of composition, 208 the comic characters, 208 Italian origin of Hero and Claudio, 208 parts taken by William Kemp and Cowley, 208 quotation from the Spanish Tragedy, 221 n For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Mulberry-tree at New Place, the, 194 and n

Music at stage performances in Shakespeare's day, 38 n 2 its indebtedness to the poet, 340

N

Nash, Anthony, the poet's legacy to, 276

Nash, John, the poet's legacy to, 276

Nash, Thomas (1), marries Elizabeth Hall, Shakespeare's granddaughter, 282

Nash, Thomas (2), on the performance of Henry VI. 56 57 piracy of his 'Terrors of the Night,' 88 n on the immortalising power of verse, 114 use of the word 'lover,' 127 n his appeals to Southampton, 131 134 135 n 385 386 221 n 427 n 2 his preface to 'Astrophel and Stella,' 429 n 1

Navarre, King of, in Love's Labour's Lost, 51 n

Neil, Samuel, 364

Nekrasow and Gerbel, translation into Russian by, 353

New Place, Stratford, Shakespeare's purchase of, 193 194 entertainment of Jonson and Drayton at, 271 the poet's death at, 272 sold on the death of Lady Barnard (the poet's granddaughter) to Sir Edward Walker, 283 pulled down, 283

Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of, criticism of the poet by, 331

Newdegate, Lady, 406 n 415

Newington Butts Theatre, 37

Newman, Thomas, piratical publication of Sir Philip Sidney's sonnets by, 88 n 429 and n 1

Nicolson, George, English agent in Scotland, 41 n 1

Nottingham, Earl of, his company of players, 225 taken into the patronage of Henry, Prince of Wales, 231 n

O

Oberon, vision of, 17 161 in 'Huon of Bordeaux,' 162

Oechelhaeuser, W., acting edition of the poet by, 346

Oldcastle, Sir John, play on his history, 170 313

'Oldcastle, Sir John,' the original name of Falstaff in Henry IV, 169

Oldys, William, 231 362

Olney, Henry, publisher, 437

Orlando Furioso, 47 n 208

Ortlepp, E., German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

Othello: date of composition, 235 not printed in the poet's lifetime, 235 plot drawn from Cinthio's 'Hecatommithi,' 236 new characters and features introduced into the story, 236 exhibits the poet's fully matured powers, 236 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Ovid, influence on Shakespeare of his 'Metamorphoses,' 15 75 and n 1 76 162 253 claims immortality for his verse, 114 and n 1 116 n the poet's alleged signature on the title-page of a copy of the 'Metamorphoses' in the Bodleian Library, 15

Oxford, the poet's visits to, 31 265 266 Hamlet acted at, 224

Oxford, Earl of, his company of actors, 35

'Oxford' edition of Shakespeare, the, 325

P

Painter, William, his 'Palace of Pleasure' and Romeo and Juliet, 55 All's Well that Ends Well, 163 Timon of Athens, 243 and Coriolanus, 246

Palaemon and Arcyte, a lost play, 260

Palamon and Arsett, a lost play, 260

Palmer, John, actor, 337

'Palladis Tamia,' eulogy on the poet in, 178

'Pandora,' Soothern's collection of love-sonnets, 138 n 2

Pandosto (afterwards called Dorastus and Fawnia), Shakespeare's indebtedness to, 251

Parodies on sonnetteering, 106-8 122 and n

'Parthenophil and Parthenophe,' Barnes's, 132

Pasquier, Estienne, 443

Passerat, Jean, 443

'Passionate Centurie of Love,' Watson's, the passage on Time in, 77 plagiarisation of Petrarch in, 101 n 4 102 427 n 2 428

'Passionate Pilgrim,' piratical insertion of two sonnets in, 98 182 437 the contents of, 182 n 299 printed with Shakespeare's poems, 300

Patrons of companies of players, 35 adulation offered to, 138 and n 2 140 141 440 and n

Pavier, Thomas, printer, 180

'Pecorone, Il,' by Ser Giovanni Fiorentino, Shakespeare's indebtedness to, 14 66 and n 3 172 W. G. Waters's translation of, 66 n 3

Peele, George, 57 his share in the original draft of Henry VI, 60

Pembroke, Countess of, dedication of Daniel's 'Delia' to, 130 429 homage paid to, by Nicholas Breton, 138 n 2

Pembroke, Henry, second Earl of, his company of players, perform Henry VI (part iii.), 36 59 and Titus Andronicus, 66

Pembroke, William, third Earl of, the question of the identification of 'Mr. W. H.' with, 94 406-15 performance at his Wilton residence, 231 232 n 1 411 dedication of the First Folio to, 306 his alleged relations with Shakespeare, 411-15 the identification of the 'dark lady' with his mistress, Mary Fitton, 123 n 409 the mistaken notion that Shakespeare was his protege, 123 n dedications by Thorpe to, 399 and n 1 403 n 2

Penrith, Shakespeares at, 1

Pepys, his criticisms of The Tempest and Midsummer Night's Dream, 329

Percy, William, his sonnets, entitled 'Coelia,' 435

Perez, Antonio, and Antonio in The Merchant of Venice, 68 n

Pericles: date of composition, 242 a work of collaboration, 242 the poet's contributions, 244 dates of the various editions, 244 not included in the First Folio, 305 included in Third Folio, 313 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Perkes (Clement), in Henry IV., member of a family at Stinchcombe Hill in the sixteenth century, 168

'Perkins Folio,' forgeries in the, 312 317 n 2 367 and n

Personalities on the stage, 215 n 1

Peruse, Jean de la, 443

Petowe, Henry, elegy on Queen Elizabeth by, 148

Petrarch, emulated by Elizabethan sonnetteers, 84 85 86 n feigns old age in his sonnets, 86 n his metre, 95 Spenser's translations from, 101 imitation of his sonnets justified by Gabriel Harvey, 101 n 4 plagiarisms of, admitted by sonnetteers, 101 n 4 Wyatt's translations of two of his sonnets, 101 n 4 427 plagiarised indirectly by Shakespeare, 101 111 and n 113 n 1 the melancholy of his sonnets, 152 n imitated in France, 443

Phelps, Samuel, 325 339

Phillips, Augustine, actor, friend of Shakespeare, 36 induced to revive Richard II at the Globe in 1601, 175 his death, 264

Phillips, Edward (Milton's nephew), criticism of the poet by, 362 editor of Drummond's Sonnets, 439 n 1

'Phillis,' Lodge's, 118 n 2 433 and n 3

Philosophy, Chapman's sonnets in praise of, 441

'Phoenix and the Turtle, The,' 183 184 304

Pichot, A., 350

'Pierce Pennilesse.' See Nash, Thomas (2)

'Pierces Supererogation,' by Gabriel Harvey, 101 n 4 105

Pindar, his claim for the immortality of verse, 114 and n 1

Plague, the, in Stratford-on-Avon, 10 in London, 65 231

Plautus, the plot of the Comedy of Errors drawn from, 16 translation of, 54

Plays, sale of, 47 and n revision of, 47 their publication deprecated by playhouse authorities, 48 n only a small proportion printed, 48 n prices paid for, 202 n

'Pleiade, La,' title of the literary comrades of Ronsard, 442 list of, 443

'Plutarch,' North's translation of, Shakespeare's indebtedness 10 47 162 211 243 245 and n 246 and n

Poaching episode, the, 27 28

'Poetaster,' Jonson's, 217 218 and n

Poland, translations and performances of Shakespeare in, 353

Pontoux, Claude de, name of his heroine copied by Drayton, 104

Pope, Alexander, 297 edition of Shakespeare by, 315

Porto, Luigi da, adapts the story of Romeo and Juliet, 55 n 1

Portraits of the poet, 286-93 296 n 2 the 'Stratford' portrait, 287 Droeshout's engraving, 287 288 300 306 the 'Droeshout' painting, 288-91 portrait in the Clarendon gallery, 291 'Ely House' portrait, 290 291 Chandos portrait, 292 293 'Jansen' portrait, 293 294 'Felton' and 'Soest' portraits, 294 miniatures, 295

Pott, Mrs. Henry, 372

Prevost, Abbe, 348

Pritchard, Mrs., 336

Procter, Bryan Waller (Barry Cornwall), 324

Promos and Cassandra, 237

Prospero, character of, 257

Provinces, the, practice of theatrical touring in, 39-42 65

Publication of dramas: deprecated by playhouse authorities, 48 n only a small proportion of the dramas of the period printed, 48 n sixteen of Shakespeare's plays published in his lifetime, 48

Punning, 418 419 n

Puritaine, or the Widdow of Watling-streete, The, 180 313

Puritanism, alleged prevalence in Stratford-on-Avon of, 10 n 268 n 2 its hostility to dramatic representations, 10 n 212 213 n 1 the poet's references to, 268 n

'Pyramus and Thisbe,' 397

Q

Quarles, John, 'Banishment of Tarquin' of, 300

Quarto editions of the plays, in the poet's lifetime, 301 302 posthumous, 302 303 of the poems in the poet's lifetime, 299 posthumous, 300

'Quatorzain,' term applied to the Sonnet, 427 n 2 cf. 429 n 1

'Queen's Children of the Chapel,' the, 34 35 38 213-17

Queen's Company of Actors, the, welcomed to Stratford-on-Avon by John Shakespeare, 10 its return to London, 33 35 231 n

Quiney, Thomas, marries Judith Shakespeare, 271 his residence and trade in Stratford, 280 his children, 281

Quinton, baptism of one of the Hacket family at, 165

R

Rapp, M., German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

Ralegh, Sir Walter, extravagant apostrophe to Queen Elizabeth by, 137 n 1 182 n

'Ratseis Ghost,' and Ratsey's address to the players, 185 199

Ravenscroft, Edward, on Titus Andronicus, 65 332

Reed, Isaac, 321 322

Reformation, the, at Stratford-on-Avon, 10 n

Rehan, Miss Ada, 342

Religion and Philosophy, sonnets on, 440 441

Return from Parnassus, The, 198 199 n 1 218-20 277

Revision of plays, the poet's, 47 48

Reynoldes, William, the poet's legacy to, 276

Rich, Barnabe, story of 'Apollonius and Silla' by, 53 210

Rich, Penelope, Lady, Sidney's passion for, 428

Richard II: the influence of Marlowe, 63 64 published anonymously, 63 the deposition scene, 64 the facts drawn from Holinshed, 64 its revival on the eve of the rising of the Earl of Essex, 175 383 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Richard III: the influence of Marlowe, 63 materials drawn from Holinshed, 63 Mr. Swinburne's criticism, 63 Burbage's impersonation of the hero, 63 published anonymously, 63 Colley Cibber's adaptation, 335 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Richardson, John, one of the sureties for the bond against impediments respecting Shakespeare's marriage, 20 22

Richmond Palace, performances at, 82 230

Ristori, Madame, 352

Roberts, James, printer, 225 226 303 431

Robinson, Clement, use of the word 'sonnet' by, 427 n 2

Roche, Walter, master of Stratford Grammar School, 13

Roles, Shakespeare's: at Greenwich Palace, 43 44 n 1 in Every Man in his Humour, 44 in Sejanus, 44 the Ghost in Hamlet, 44 'played some kingly parts in sport,' 44 Adam in As You Like It, 44

Rolfe, Mr. W. J, 325

Romeo and Juliet, 54 plot drawn from the Italian, 55 date of composition, 56 first printed, 56 authentic and revised version of 1599, 56 two choruses in the sonnet form, 84 satirical allusion to sonnetteering, 108 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-35

Romeus and Juliet, Arthur Brooke's, 55 322

Ronsard, plagiarised by English sonnetteers, 102 103 n 3 432 seq. by Shakespeare, 111 112 and n 1 his claim for the immortality of verse, 114 and n 1 116 n his sonnets of vituperation, 121 first gave the sonnet a literary vogue in France, 442 and 'La Pleiade,' 442 modern reprint of his works, 445 n

Rosalind, played by a boy, 38 n 2

Rosaline, praised for her 'blackness,' 118 119

'Rosalynde, Euphues Golden Legacie,' Lodge's, 209

Rose Theatre, Bankside: erected by Philip Henslowe, 36 opened by Lord Strange's company, 36 the scene of the poet's first successes, 37 performance of Henry VI, 56 production of the Venesyon Comedy, 69

Rossi, representation of Shakespeare by, 352

Roussillon, Countess of, 163

Rowe, Nicholas, on the parentage of Shakespeare's wife, 18 on Shakespeare's poaching escapade, 27 on Shakespeare's performance of the Ghost in Hamlet, 44 on the story of Southampton's gift to Shakespeare, 126 on Queen Elizabeth's enthusiasm for the character of Falstaff, 171 on the poet's last years at Stratford, 266 on John Combe's epitaph, 269 n his edition of the poet's plays, 314 362

Rowington, the Richard and William Shakespeares of, 2

Rowlands, Samuel, 397

Rowley, William, 181 243

Roydon, Matthew, poem on Sir Philip Sidney, 140 184 n

Rumelin, Gustav, 345

Rupert, Prince, at Stratford-on-Avon, 281

Rusconi, Carlo, Italian prose version of Shakespeare issued by, 352

Russia, translations and performances of Shakespeare in, 352 353

Rymer, Thomas, his censure of the poet, 329

S

S., M. I., tribute to the poet thus headed, 327 and n 328

S., W., initials in Willobie's book, 156 157 commonness of the initials, 157 n use of the initials on works fraudulently attributed to the poet, 179 180

Sackville, Thomas, 408 n

Sadler, Hamlett, the poet's legacy to, 276

Saint-Saens, M., opera of Henry VIII by, 351

St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, a William Shakespeare in 1598 living in, 38 and n 1

Sainte-Marthe, Scevole de, 443

Salvini, representation of Othello by, 352

Sand, George, translation of As You Like It by, 351

Sandells, Fulk, one of the sureties for the bond against impediments with respect to Shakespeare's marriage, 20 22 supervisor of Richard Hathaway's will, 22

Saperton, 27 29

'Sapho and Phao,' address to Cupid in, 97 n

Satiro-Mastix, a retort to Jonson's Cynthia's Revels, 215

Savage, Mr. Richard, 165 n 363

'Saviolo's Practise,' 209

Scenery unknown in Shakespeare's day, 38 and n 2 designed by Inigo Jones for masques, 38 n 2 Sir Philip Sidney on difficulties arising from its absence, 38 n 2

Schiller, adaptation of Macbeth for the stage by, 345

Schlegel, A. W. von, 180 German translation of Shakespeare by, 343 lectures on Shakespeare by, 344

Schmidt, Alexander, 364

'Schoole of Abuse,' 67

Schroeder, F. U. L., German actor of Shakespeare, 346

Schubert, Franz, setting of Shakepearean songs by, 347

Schumann, setting of Shakespearean songs by, 347

'Scillaes Metamorphosis,' Lodge's, drawn upon by Shakespeare for 'Venus and Adonis,' 75 and n 2

Scoloker, Anthony, in 'Daiphantus,' 277

Scotland, Shakespeare's alleged travels in, 40-42 visits of actors to, 41

Scott, Reginald, allusion to Monarcho in 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' of, 51 n

Scott, Sir Walter, at Charlecote, 28

Scourge of Folly, 44 n 2

Sedley, Sir Charles, apostrophe to the poet, 331

Sejanus, Shakespeare takes part in the performance of, 44 401

Selimus, 179

Serafino dell' Aquila, Watson's indebtedness to, 77 n 2 102 103 n 1 442 n

Seve, Maurice, 104 and n 430 442 445 n 1

Sewell, Dr. George, 315

'Shadow of the Night, The,' Chapman's, 135 n

Shakespeare, the surname of, 1 2 cf. 24 n

Shakespeare, Adam, 1

Shakespeare, Ann, a sister of the poet, 11

Shakespeare, Anne (or Agnes): her parentage, 18 19 her marriage to the poet, 18 19-22 assumed identification of her with Anne Whateley, 23 24 and n her debt, 187 her husband's bequest to her, 273 her widow's dower barred, 274 and n her wish to be buried in her husband's grave, 274 committed by her husband to the care of the elder daughter, 275 her death, 280 and n

Shakespeare, Edmund, a brother of the poet, is 'a player,' 283 death, 283

Shakespeare, Gilbert, a brother of the poet, 11 witnesses his brother's performance of Adam in As You Like It, 44 apparently had a son named Gilbert, 283 his death not recorded, 283

Shakespeare, Hamnet, son of the poet, 26 187

Shakespeare, Henry, one of the poet's uncles, 3 4 186

Shakespeare, Joan (1), 7

Shakespeare, Joan (2), see Hart, Joan

Shakespeare, John (1), the first recorded holder of this surname (thirteenth century), 1

Shakespeare, John (2), the poet's father, administrator of Richard Shakespeare's estate, 3 4 claims that his grandfather received a grant of land from Henry VII, 2 189 leaves Snitterfield for Stratford-on-Avon, 4 his business, 4 his property in Stratford and his municipal offices, 5 marries Mary Arden, 6 7 his children, 7 his house in Henley Street, Stratford, 8 11 appointed alderman and bailiff, 10 welcomes actors at Stratford, 10 his alleged sympathies with puritanism, 10 n his application for a grant of arms, 2 10 n 188-92 his financial difficulties, 11 12 his younger children, 11 writ of distraint issued against him, 12 deprived of his alderman's gown, 12 his trade of butcher, 18 increase of pecuniary difficulties, 186 relieved by the poet, 187 his death, 204

Shakespeare or Shakspere, John (a shoemaker), another resident at Stratford, 12 n 3

Shakespeare, Judith, the poet's second daughter, 26 205 her marriage to Thomas Quiney, 271 her father's bequest to her, 275 her children, 280 281 her death, 281

Shakespeare, Margaret, 7

Shakespeare, Mary, the poet's mother: her marriage, 6 7 her ancestry and parentage, 6 7 her property, 7 her title to bear the arms of the Arden family, 191 her death, 266

Shakespeare, Richard, a brother of the poet, 11 266 his death, 283

Shakespeare, Richard, of Rowington, 2

Shakespeare, Richard, of Snitterfield, probably the poet's grandfather, 3 his family, 3 4 letters of administration of his estate, 3 and n 3

Shakespeare, Richard, of Wroxhall, 3

Shakespeare, Susanna, a daughter of the poet, 22 See also Hall, Mrs. Susanna

Shakespeare, Thomas, probably one of the poet's uncles, 3 4

SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM: parentage and birthplace, 1-9 childhood, education, and marriage, 10-24 (see also Education of Shakespeare; Poaching; Shakespeare, Anne) departure from Stratford, 27-31 theatrical employment, 32-4 joins the Lord Chamberlain's company, 36 his roles, 43 his first plays, 50-73 publication of his poems, 74 76 seq. his Sonnets, 83-124 151-6 patronage of the Earl of Southampton, 125-50 374 plays composed between 1595 and 1598, 161-73 his popularity and influence, 176-79 returns to Stratford, 187 buys New Place, 193 financial position before 1599, 196 seq. financial position after 1599, 200 seq. formation of his estate at Stratford, 204 seq. plays written between 1599 and 1609, 207-47 the latest plays, 248 seq. performance of his plays at Court, 264 (see also Court; Whitehall; Elizabeth, Queen; James I) final settlement in Stratford (1611), 266 seq. death (1616), 272 his will, 273 seq. monument at Stratford, 276 personal character, 277-9 his survivors and descendants, 280 seq. autographs, portraits, and memorials, 284-98 bibliography, 299-325 his posthumous reputation in England and abroad, 326-54 general estimate of his work, 355-7 biographical sources, 361-5 alleged relation between him and the Earl of Pembroke, 411-15

Shakespeare Gallery in Pall Mall, 341

'Shakespeare Society,' the, 333 365

Shallow, Justice, Sir Thomas Lucy caricatured as, 29 his house in Gloucestershire, 167 168 173

Sheldon copy of the First Folio, the, 309 310

Shelton, Thomas, translator of 'Don Quixote,' 258

Shiels, Robert, compiler of 'Lives of the Poets,' 32 n 3

Shottery, Anne Hathaway's Cottage at, 19

Shylock, sources of the portrait of, 67 68 and n

Siddons, Mrs. Sarah, 337 338

Sidney, Sir Philip: on the absence of scenery in a theatre, 38 n 2 translation of verses from 'Diana,' 53 Shakespeare's indebtedness to him, 61 addressed as 'Willy' by some of his eulogists, 81 his 'Astrophel and Stella,' brings the sonnet into vogue, 83 piracy of his sonnets, 88 n 432 circulation of manuscript copies of his 'Arcadia,' 88 n his addresses to Cupid in his 'Astrophel,' 97 n warns the public against the insincerity of sonnetteers, 104 on the conceit of the immortalising power of verse, 114 his praise of 'blackness,' 119 and n 1 sonnet on 'Desire,' 153 use of the word 'will,' 417 editions of 'Astrophel and Stella,' 428 429 popularity of his works, 429

Sidney, Sir Robert, 382

Singer, Samuel Weller, 324

Sly, Christopher, probably drawn from life, 164 165 166 167 221 n

Smethwick, John, bookseller, 304

Smith, Richard, publisher, 431

Smith, Wentworth, 157 n plays produced by, 180 n

Smith, William, sonnets of, 138 n 2 157 n 390 437

Smith, Mr. W. H., and the Baconian hypothesis, 372

Smithson, Miss, actress, 351

Snitterfield, Richard Shakespeare rents land of Robert Arden at, 3 6 departure of John Shakespeare, the poet's father, from, 4 the Arden property at, 7 sale of Mary Shakespeare's property at, 12 and n 1 186

Snodham, Thomas, printer, 180

Somers, Sir George, wrecked off the Bermudas, 252

Somerset House, Shakespeare and his company at, 233 and n 2

Sonnet in France (1550-1600), the, bibliographical note on (Appendix X.), 442-5

Sonnets, Shakespeare's: the poet's first attempts, 84 the majority probably composed in 1594, 85 a few written between 1594 and 1603 (e.g. cvii.) their literary value, 87 88 circulation in manuscript, 88 396 commended by Meres, 89 their piratical publication in 1609, 89-94 390 their form, 95 96 want of continuity, 96 100 the two 'groups,' 96 97 main topics of the first 'group,' 98 99 main topics of the second 'group,' 99 100 rearrangement in the edition of 1640, 100 autobiographical only in a limited sense, 100 109 125 152 160 censure of them by Sir John Davies, 107 their borrowed conceits, 109-24 indebtedness to Drayton, Petrarch, Ronsard, De Baif, Desportes, and others, 110-12 the poet's claim of immortality for his sonnets, 113-16 cf. 114 n 1 the 'Will Sonnets,' 117 (and Appendix VIII) praise of 'blackness,' 118 vituperation, 120-4 'dedicatory' sonnets, 125 seq. the 'rival poet,' 130-6 sonnets of friendship, 136 138-47 the supposed story of intrigue 153-8 summary of conclusions respecting the sonnets, 158-60 edition of 1640, 300

Sonnets, quoted with explanatory comments: xx. 93 n : xxvi. 128 n : xxxii. 128 129 n : xxxvii. 130 xxxviii. 129 : xxxix. 130 : xlvi.-xlvii. 112 113 n 1 lv. 115 116 : lxxiv. 130 (quot.) : lxxviii. 125 lxxx. 134 : lxxxv. 133 : lxxxvi. 132 : lxxxviii. 133 lxxxix. 133 : xciv. 1 14 72 89 : c. 126 ciii. 126 : cvii. 13 n 87 147 149 380 cviii. 130 : cx. 44 130 : cxi. 45 : cxix. 152 and n cxxiv. 425 : cxxvi. 97 and n : cxxvii. 118 cxxix. 152 153 and n 1 : cxxxii. 118 cxxxv.-cxxxvi. 420-424 : cxxxviii. 89 cxliii. 93 n 425 426 and n : cxliv. 89 153 301 cliii.-cliv. 113 and n 2 the vogue of the Elizabethan: English sonnettering inaugurated by Wyatt and Surrey, 83 427 428 followed by Thomas Watson, 83 428 Sidney's 'Astrophel and Stella,' 83 428 429 and n poets celebrate patrons' virtues in sonnets, 84 conventional device of sonnetteers of feigning old age, 85 86 n lack of genuine sentiment, 100 French and Italian models, 101 and n 1 102-5 Appendices IX. and X. translations from Du Bellay, Desportes, and Petrarch, 101 and n 4 102 103 admissions of insincerity, 105 censure of false sentiment in sonnets, 106 Shakespeare's scornful allusions to sonnets in his plays, 107 108 vituperative sonnets, 120-24 the word 'sonnet' often used for 'song' or 'poem,' 427 n 2 I. Collected sonnets of feigned love, 1591-7, 429-40 II. Sonnets to patrons, 440 III. Sonnets on philosophy and religion, 440 441 number of sonnets published between 1591 and 1597, 439-41 various poems in other stanzas practically belonging to the sonnet category, 438 n 2

Soothern, John, sonnets to the Earl of Oxford, 138 n 2

Sophocles, parallelisms with the works of Shakespeare, 13 n

Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, third Earl of, 53 the dedications to him of 'Venus and Adonis' and 'Lucrece,' 74 77 his patronage of Florio, 84 n his patronage of Shakespeare, 126-50 his gift to the poet, 126 200 his youthful appearance, 143 his identity with the youth of Shakespeare's sonnets of 'friendship' evidenced by his portraits, 144 and n 145 146 imprisonment, 146 147 380 his long hair, 146 n 2 his beauty, 377 his youthful career, 374-381 as a literary patron, 382-9

Southwell, Robert, circulation of incorrect copies of 'Mary Magdalene's Tears' by, 88 n publication of "A Foure-fould Meditation' by, 92 400 and n 401 n dedication of his 'Short Rule of Life,' 397

Southwell, Father Thomas, 371

Spanish, translation of Shakespeare's plays into, 354

Spanish Tragedy, Kyd's, popularity of, 65 221 quoted in the Taming of the Shrew, 221 n

Spedding, James, 262

Spelling of the poet's name, 284-6

Spenser, Edmund: probably attracted to Shakespeare by the poems 'Venus and Adonis' and 'Lucrece,' 79 his description of Shakespeare in 'Colin Clouts come home againe,' 79 Shakespeare's reference to Spenser's work in Midsummer Night's Dream, 80 Spenser's allusion to 'our pleasant Willy' not a reference to the poet, 80 and n his description of the 'gentle spirit' no description of Shakespeare, 81 and n 2 translation of sonnets from Du Bellay and Petrarch, 101 called by Gabriel Harvey 'an English Petrarch,' 101 and cf. n 4 on the immortalising power of verse, 115 his apostrophe to Admiral Lord Charles Howard, 140 his 'Amoretti,' 115 435 and n 5 436 dedication of his 'Faerie Queene,' 398

'Spirituall Sonnettes' by Constable, 440

Sport, Shakespeare's knowledge of, 26 27 and n 173

Stael, Madame de, 449

Stafford, Lord, his company of actors, 33

Stage, conditions of, in Shakespeare's day: absence of scenery and scenic costume, 38 and n 2 the performance of female parts by men or boys, 38 and n 2 the curtain and balcony of the stage, 38 n 2

Stanhope of Harrington, Lord, 234 n

'Staple of News, The,' Jonson's quotations from Julius Caesar in, 220 n

Staunton, Howard, 311 his edition of the poet, 323 324

Steele, Richard, on Betterton's rendering of Othello, 334

Steevens, George: his edition of Shakespeare, 320 his revision of Johnson's edition, 320 321 his criticisms, 320 321 the 'Puck of commentators,' 321

Stinchcombe Hill referred to as 'the Hill' in Henry IV, 168

Stopes, Mrs. C. C., 363

Strange, Lord. See Derby, Earl of

Straparola, 'Notti' of, and the Merry Wives of Windsor, 172

Stratford-on-Avon, settlement of John Shakespeare, the poet's father, at, 4 property owned by John Shakespeare in, 5 8 the poet's birthplace at, 8 9 the Shakespeare Museum at, 8 297 the plague in 1564 at, 10 actors for the first time at, 10 and the Reformation, 10 n the Shoemakers' Company and its Master, 12 n 3 the grammar school, 13 Shakespeare's departure from, 27 29 31 native place of Richard Field, 32 allusions in the Taming of the Shrew to, 164 the poet's return in 1596 to, 187 the poet's purchase of New Place, 193 appeals from townsmen to the poet for aid, 195 196 the poet's purchase of land at, 203 204-6 the poet's last years at, 264 266 attempt to enclose common lands and Shakespeare's interest in it, 269 270 the poet's death and burial at, 272 Shakespeare memorial building at, 298 the 'Jubilee' and the tercentenary, 334

Suckling, Sir John, 328

'Sugred,' an epithet applied to the poet's work, 179 and n 390

Sullivan, Barry, 298

Sully, M. Mounet, 351 and n 1

Sumarakow, translation into Russian by, 352

Supposes, the, of George Gascoigne, 164

Surrey, Earl of, sonnets of, 83 95 101 n 4 427 428

Sussex, Earl of, his company of actors, 35 Titus Andronicus performed by, 36 66

Swedish, translations of Shakespeare in, 354

'Sweet,' epithet applied to Shakespeare, 277

Swinburne, Mr. A. C., 63 71 72 n 333 365

Sylvester, Joshua, sonnets to patrons by, 388 440 and n

T

Taille, Jean de la, 445 n

Tamburlaine, Marlowe's, 63

Taming of A Shrew, 163

Taming of The Shrew: probable period of production, 163 identical with Love's Labour's Won, 163 and The Taming of A Shrew, 163 164 the story of Bianca and her lovers and the Supposes of George Gascoigne, 164 biographical bearing of the Induction, 164 quotation from the Spanish Tragedy, 221 n For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 305-25

Tarleton, Richard, 81 his 'Newes out of Purgatorie' and the Merry Wives of Windsor, 172

Tasso, similarity of sentiment with that of Shakespeare's sonnets, 152 n

'Teares of Fancy,' Watson's, 428 433

'Teares of the Isle of Wight,' elegies on Southampton, 389

'Teares of the Muses,' Spenser's, referred to in Midsummer Night's Dream, 80

Tempest, The: traces of the influence of Ovid, 15 25 n 43 the shipwreck akin to a similar scene in Pericles, 244 probably the latest drama completed by the poet, 251 and the shipwreck of Sir George Somers's fleet on the Bermudas, 252 the source for the plot, 253 performed at the Princess Elizabeth's nuptial festivities, 254 the date of composition, 254 and n its performance at Whitehall in 1611, 254 n its lyrics, 255 and n Ben Jonson's scornful allusion to, 255 reflects the poet's highest imaginative powers, 256 fanciful interpretations of, 256 257 chief characters of, 256 257 and notes 1 and 2. For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-325

Temple Grafton, 23 24 and n

'Temple Shakespeare, The,' 325

Tercentenary festival, the Shakespeare, 334

'Terrors of the Night,' piracy of, 88 n nocturnal habits of 'familiars' described in, 135 n

Terry, Miss Ellen, 339

Theatre, The, at Shoreditch, 32 owned by James Burbage, 33 36 Shakespeare at, between 1595 and 1599, 37 demolished, and the Globe Theatre built with the materials, 37

Theatres in London: Blackfriars (q.v.) Curtain (q.v.) Duke's, 295 Fortune, 212 233 n 1 Globe (q.v.) Newington Butts, 37 Red Bull, 31 n 2 Rose (q.v.) Swan, 38 n 2 The Theatre, Shoreditch (q.v.)

Theobald, Lewis, his emendations of Hamlet, 224 publishes a play alleged to be by Shakespeare, 258 his criticism of Pope, 316 his edition of the poet's works, 316 317

Thomas, Ambroise, opera of Hamlet by, 351

Thoms, W. J., 363

Thornbury, G. W., 363

Thorpe, Thomas, the piratical publisher of Shakespeare's Sonnets, 89-95 his relations with Marlowe, 90 135 n adds 'A Lover's Complaint' to the collection of Sonnets, 91 his bombastic dedication to 'Mr. W. H.', 92-5 the true history of 'Mr. W. H.' and, (Appendix V.) 390-405

Three Ladies of London, The, some of the scenes in the Merchant of Venice anticipated in, 67

Thyard, Ponthus de, a member of 'La Pleiade' 443 444

Tieck, Ludwig, theory respecting The Tempest of, 254 333 344

Tilney, Edmund, master of the revels, 233 n 2

Timon of Athens: date of composition, 242 written in collaboration, 242 a previous play on the same subject, 242 its sources, 243 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 305-25

Timon, Lucian's, 243

Titus Andronicus: one of the only two plays of the poet's performed by a company other than his own, 36 doubts of its authenticity, 65 internal evidence of Kyd's authorship, 65 suggested by Titus and Vespasian, 65 played by various companies, 66 entered on the 'Stationers' Register' in 1594, 66 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Titus and Vespasian, Titus Andronicus suggested by, 65

Tofte, Robert, sonnets by, 438 and n 2

Topics of the day, Shakespeare's treatment of, 51 n, 52

Tottel's 'Miscellany,' 427 428

Tours of English actors: in foreign countries between 1580 and 1630, 42 and see n 1 in provincial towns, 39 40-42 65 214 itinerary from 1593 to 1614, 40 n 1 231

Translations of the poet's works, 342 seq.

Travel, foreign, Shakespeare's ridicule of, 42 and n

'Troilus and Cresseid,' 227

Troilus and Cressida: allusion to the strife between adult and boy actors, 217 date of production, 217 225 the quarto and folio editions, 226 227 treatment of the theme, 227 228 the endeavour to treat the play as the poet's contribution to controversy between Jonson and Marston and Dekker, 228 n plot drawn from Chaucer's 'Troilus and Cresseid and Lydgate's 'Troy Book,' 227 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

'Troy Book,' Lydgate's, 227

True Tragedie of Richard III, The, an anonymous play, 63 301

True Tragedie of Richard, Duke of Yorke, and the death of good King Henry the Sixt, as it was sundrie times acted by the Earl of Pembroke his servants, The, 59

Turbervile, George, use of the word 'sonnet' by, 427 n 2

Twelfth Night: description of a betrothal, 23 n indebtedness to the story of 'Apollonius and Silla,' 53 date of production, 209 allusion to the 'new map,' 209 210 n 1 produced at Middle Temple Hall, 210 Manningham's description of, 210 probable source of the story, 210 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Twiss, F., 364 n

Two Gentlemen of Verona: allusion to Valentine travelling from Verona to Milan by sea, 43 date of production, 52 probably an adaptation, 53 source of the story, 53 farcical drollery, 53 first publication, 53 influence of Lyly, 62 satirical allusion to sonnetteering, 107 108 resemblance of it to All's Well that Ends Well, 163 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 301-25

Two Noble Kinsmen, The: attributed to Fletcher and Shakespeare, 259 and n Massinger's alleged share in its production, 259 plot drawn from Chaucer's 'Knight's Tale,' 260

Twyne, Lawrence, the story of Pericles in the 'Patterne of Painfull Adventures' by, 244

Tyler, Mr. Thomas, on the sonnets, 129 n 406 n 415 n

U

Ulrici, 'Shakespeare's Dramatic Art' by, 345

V

Variorum editions of Shakespeare, 322 323 362

Vautrollier, Thomas, the London printer, 32

Venesyon Comedy, The, produced by Henslowe at the Rose, 69

'Venus and Adonis:' published in 1593, 74 dedicated to the Earl of Southampton, 74 126 its imagery and general tone, 75 the influence of Ovid, 75 and of Lodges 'Scillaes Metamorphosis,' 75 and n 2 the motto, 75 and n 1 eulogies bestowed upon it, 78 79 early editions, 79 299 300

Verdi, operas by, 352

Vere, Lady Elizabeth, 378

Vernon, Mistress Elizabeth, 379

Versification, Shakespeare's, 49 and n 50

Vigny, Alfred de, version of Othello by, 351

Villemain, recognition of the poet's greatness by, 350

Virginia Company, 381

Visor, William, in Henry IV, member of a family at Woodmancote, 168

Voltaire, strictures on the poet by, 348 349

Voss, J. H., German translation of Shakespeare by, 344

W

Walden, Lord, Campion's sonnet to, 140

Wales, Henry, Prince of, the Earl of Nottingham's company of players taken into the patronage of, 231 n

Walker, William, the poet's godson, 276

Walker, W. Sidney, on Shakespeare's versification, 49 n

Walley, Henry, printer, 226

Warburton, Bishop, revised version of Pope's edition of Shakespeare by, 318 319

Ward, Dr. A. W., 365

Ward, Rev. John, on the poet's annual expenditure, 203 on the visits of Drayton and Jonson to New Place before the poet's death, 271 his account of the poet, 361

Warner, Richard, 364

Warner, William, the probable translator of the Menaechmi, 54

Warren, John, 300

Warwickshire: prevalence of the surname Shakespeare, 1 2 a position of the Arden family, 6 Queen Elizabeth's progress on the way to Kenilworth, 17

Watchmen in the poet's plays, 31 62

Watkins, Richard, printer, 393

Watson, Thomas, 61 the passage on Time in his 'Passionate Centurie of Love' elaborated in 'Venus and Adonis,' 77 and n 2 his sonnets, 83 427 n 2 428 plagiarisation of Petrarch, 101 n 4 102 foreign origin of his sonnets, 103 n 1 112 his 'Tears of Fancie,' 113 n 1 433

'Weak endings' in Shakespeare, 49 n

Webbe, Alexander, makes John Shakespeare overseer of his will, 11

Webbe, Robert, buys the Snitterfield property from Shakespeare's mother, 12 and n

Webster, John, alludes in the White Divel to Shakespeare's industry, 278 n

Weelkes, Thomas, 182 n

Weever, Thomas: his eulogy of the poet, 179 n allusion in his 'Mirror of Martyrs' to Antony's speech at Caesar's funeral, 211

Welcombe, enclosure of common fields at, 269 270 and n

'Westward for Smelts' and the Merry Wives of Windsor, 172 and n 3 story of Ginevra in, 249

Whateley, Anne, the assumed identification of her with Anne Hathaway, 23 24 and n

Wheler, R. B., 363

Whetstone, George, his Promos and Cassandra, 237

White, Mr. Richard Grant, 325

Whitehall, performances at, 81 82 234 235 and n 241 254 n 264

Wieland, Christopher Martin: his translation of Shakespeare, 343

Wilkins, George, his collaboration with Shakespeare in Timon of Athens and Pericles, 242 243 his novel founded on the play of Pericles, 244

Wilks, Robert, actor, 335

Will, Shakespeare's, 203 271 273-276

'Will' sonnets, the, 117 Elizabethan meanings of 'will,' 416 Shakespeare's uses of the word, 417 the poet's puns on the word, 418 play upon 'wish' and 'will,' 419 interpretation of the word in Sonnets cxxiv.-vi. and cxliii., 420-26

'Willobie his Avisa,' 155-158

Wilmcote, house of Shakespeare's mother, 6 7 bequest to Mary Arden of the Asbies property at, 7 mortgage of the Asbies property at, 12 26 and 'Wincot' in The Taming of the Shrew, 166 167

Wilnecote. See under Wincot

Wilson, Robert, author of The Three Ladies of London, 67

Wilson, Thomas, his manuscript version of 'Diana,' 53

Wilton, Shakespeare and his company at, 231 232 411 and n

'Wilton, Life of Jack,' by Nash, 385 and n 1

Wincot (in The Taming of the Shrew), its identification, 165 166

'Windsucker,' Chapman's, 135 n

Winter's Tale, A: at the Globe in 1611, 251 acted at Court, 251 and n based on Greene's Pandosto, 251 a few lines taken from the 'Decameron,' 251 and n the presentation of country life, 251 For editions see Section xix. (Bibliography), 305-25

'Wire,' use of the word, for women's hair, 118 and n 2

Wise, J. R., 363

Wither, George, 388 399 n 2

'Wittes Pilgrimage,' Davies's, 441 n 2

Women, excluded from Elizabethan stage, 38 and n 2 in masques at Court, 38 n 2 on the Restoration stage, 334

Women, addresses to, in sonnets, 92 117-20 122 n 123 124 154

Woncot in Henry IV identical with Woodmancote, 168

Wood, Anthony a, on the Earl of Pembroke, 414

Woodmancote. See Woncot

Worcester, Earl of, his company of actors at Stratford, 10 35 under the patronage of Queen Anne of Denmark, 231 n

Worcester, registry of the diocese of, 3 20

Wordsworth, Bishop Charles, on Shakespeare and the Bible, 17 n 1

Wordsworth, William, the poet, on German and French aesthetic criticism, 344 349

Wotton, Sir Henry, on the burning of the Globe Theatre, 260 261 n

Wright, Dr. Aldis, 314 n 325

Wright, John, bookseller, 90

Wriothesley, Lord, 381

Wroxhall, the Shakespeares of, 3

Wyatt, Sir Thomas, sonnetteering of, 83 95 101 n 4 427 his translations of Petrarch's sonnets, 104 n 4

Wyman, W. H., 372

Wyndham, Mr. George, on the sonnets, 91 n 110 n on Antony and Cleopatra, 245 n on Jacobean typography, 419 n

Y

Yonge, Bartholomew, translation of 'Diana' by, 53

Yorkshire Tragedy, The, 180 243 313

Z

Zepheria, a collection of sonnets called, 435 legal terminology in, 32 n 2 435 the praise of Daniel's 'Delia' in, 431 435 436



FOOTNOTES.

{vii} Arnold wrote 'spiritual,' but the change of epithet is needful to render the dictum thoroughly pertinent to the topic under consideration.

{ix} I have already published portions of the papers on Shakespeare's relations with the Earls of Pembroke and Southampton in the Fortnightly Review (for February of this year) and in the Cornhill Magazine (for April of this year), and I have to thank the proprietors of those periodicals for permission to reproduce my material in this volume.

{x} For an account of its history see p. 295.

{xi} See pp. 309 and 311.

{1a} Camden, Remaines, ed. 1605, p. III; Verstegan, Restitution, 1605.

{1b} Plac. Cor. 7 Edw. I, Kanc.; cf. Notes and Queries, 1st ser. xi.122.

{1c} Cf. the Register of the Guild of St. Anne at Knowle, ed. Bickley, 1894.

{2} See p. 189.

{3a} Cf. Times, October 14, 1895; Notes and Queries, 8th ser. viii. 501; articles by Mrs. Stopes in Genealogical Magazine, 1897.

{3b} Cf. Halliwell-Phillipps, Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare, 1887, ii. 207.

{3c} The purchasing power of money was then eight times what it is now, and this and other sums mentioned should be multiplied by eight in comparing them with modern currency (see p. 197 n). The letters of administration in regard to Richard Shakespeare's estate are in the district registry of the Probate Court at Worcester, and were printed in full by Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps in his Shakespeare's Tours (privately issued 1887), pp. 44-5. They do not appear in any edition of Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps's Outlines. Certified extracts appeared in Notes and Queries, 8th ser. xii. 463-4.

{6} French, Genealogica Shakespeareana, pp. 458 seq.; cf. p. 191 infra.

{7} Halliwell-Phillipps, ii. 179.

{8} Cf. Halliwell-Phillipps, Letter to Elze, 1888.

{9} Cf. Documents and Sketches in Halliwell-Phillipps, i. 377-99.

{10} The Rev. Thomas Carter, in Shakespeare, Puritan and Recusant, 1897, has endeavoured to show that John Shakespeare was a puritan in religious matters, inclining to nonconformity. He deduces this inference from the fact that, at the period of his prominent association with the municipal government of Stratford, the corporation ordered images to be defaced (1562-3) and ecclesiastical vestments to be sold (1571). These entries merely prove that the aldermen and councillors of Stratford strictly conformed to the new religion as by law established in the first years of Elizabeth's reign. Nothing can be deduced from them in regard to the private religious opinions of John Shakespeare. The circumstance that he was the first bailiff to encourage actors to visit Stratford is, on the other hand, conclusive proof that his religion was not that of the contemporary puritan, whose hostility to all forms of dramatic representations was one of his most persistent characteristics. The Elizabethan puritans, too, according to Guillim's Display of Heraldrie (1610), regarded coat-armour with abhorrence, yet John Shakespeare with his son made persistent application to the College of Arms for a grant of arms. (Cf. infra, p. 187 seq.)

{12a} The sum is stated to be 4 pounds in one document (Halliwell-Phillipps, ii. 176) and 40 pounds in another (ib. p. 179); the latter is more likely to be correct.

Previous Part     1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10     Next Part
Home - Random Browse